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Language Comparative Analysis K-12

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Language Comparative Analysis K-12 Powered By Docstoc
					          Language
   Comparative Analysis of the
ELA Common Core State Standards
       and the Ohio ACS
Kindergarten – Language Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level        Content that is still included but may be              Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                       modified or at a greater depth                                   grade level

    Use frequently occurring verbs and nouns         Print/recognize upper and lower case           The skills and concepts found in the CCSS
     (L.K.1b)                                          letters                                        Language Strand are located throughout the
                                                                                                      standard, benchmarks and indicators of the
    Understand and use common inflections            Identify and use end punctuation               Ohio Academic Standards. The Common Core
     (including plurals and affixes) to identify       appropriately                                  added the Language Strand, not because it
     words (L.K.1c, L.K. 4b)                                                                          needed more emphasis, but because the skills
                                                      Identifying new words by context or            and concepts addressed in this section applied
    Use common prepositions, verbs and                resource                                       across the Reading, Writing and Speaking and
     adjectives and their opposites, and                                                              Listening Strands.
     understand words that differ by small            Ability to do word sorts/categorize words
     shades of meaning (L.K. 1e, L.K.5b, L.K.5d)                                                      The Acquisition of Vocabulary is included as a
                                                      Use letter-sound relationships to spell        topic in this strand.
    Increase vocabulary through                       words which includes consonant and
     conversations, reading and being read to          short vowel sounds                                  Many of the skills identified in the
     and responding to texts. (L.K.6)                                                                       Language Strand are smaller components
                                                      Produce and expand sentences using                   of larger concepts that can be found in the
    Use words that signal questions (L.K.1d)          appropriate structures                               OACS, but because of the specificity they
                                                                                                            are listed here as new content.

                                                                                                           Recognition and use of environmental
                                                                                                            print (now found in the revised Preschool
                                                                                                            standards)




                                                                                                             Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                                 ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 1 – Language Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level       Content that is still included but may be           Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                      modified or at a greater depth                                grade level

    Commas in dates and to separate single          Use appropriate end punctuation                The concepts and skills found in the CCSS
     words in series (L.1.2c)                                                                        Language Strand are located throughout the
                                                     Use letter sound relationships to spell        standard, benchmarks and indicators of the
                                                      words                                          OACS. The Common Core added the Language
    Use common, proper and possessive                                                               Strand, not because it needed more emphasis,
     nouns (L.1.1b)                                  Use capitalization for first word in           but because the skills and concepts addressed
                                                      sentence, names and dates                      in this section applied across the Reading,
    Use personal, possessive and indefinite                                                         Writing and Speaking and Listening Strands.
     pronouns (L.1.1d)                               Use nouns, verbs and adjectives
                                                                                                     The skills found in the Acquisition of
    Use conjunctions, determiners, and              Understand verbs that reflect tense (past,     Vocabulary Standard in the OACS are included
     frequently occurring prepositions (L.1.1g,       present and future) using appropriate          in this strand.
     L.1.1h, L.1.1i)                                  inflectional endings
                                                                                                     Predict the meaning of compound words
    Produce and expand simple and                   Use context and other resources to             using knowledge of individual words
     compound sentences (L.1.1j)                      determine word meaning

    Increase vocabulary through                     Use affixes to determine word meanings
     conversations and being read to and
     responding to texts.( L.1.6)                    Perform word sorts/classify words
                                                      according to categories




                                                                                                            Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                                ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 2 – Language Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level     Content that is still included but may be             Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                    modified or at a greater depth                                  grade level

    Use reflexive pronouns (L.2.1d)               Correctly spell and use plurals and tenses    The concepts and skills found in the CCSS
                                                    correctly (both regular and irregular         Language strand are located throughout the
    Use adverbs correctly (L.2.1f)                 forms)                                        standard of the OACS. The Common core
                                                                                                  added the Language Strand, not because it
    Produce and expand simple and                 Capitalize proper nouns (product names,       needed more emphasis, but because the skills
     compound sentences (L.2.1f)                    holidays and geographic names)                and concepts addressed in this section can be
                                                                                                  applied across the Reading, Writing and
    Use commas in greetings and closings of       Use adjectives correctly                      Speaking and Listening Strands.
     letters (L.2.2b)
                                                   Use apostrophes for contractions              The skills found in the Acquisition of
    Use apostrophes for possessives (L.2.2c)                                                     Vocabulary Standard of the OACS are included
                                                   Use resources to check spelling and to        in this strand.
    Compare formal and informal English(           determine meanings
     L.2.3a)                                                                                           Print legibly, appropriately spacing letters,
                                                   Use spelling patterns when writing words            words and sentences
    Use individual word meaning to predict
     meaning of compound words (Grade 1 AV         Use root (base) words and affixes as a             Spell words with blends and diagraphs
     D6 of the OACS) - (L.2.4d)                     spelling strategy
                                                                                                       Personal pronouns are in Grade 1 (L.1.1d)
    Demonstrate understanding of figurative
     language and the nuances of word                                                                  Rhyming is included in the Reading for
     meanings (L.2.5)                                                                                   Literature Strand (RL.2.4)

    Increase vocabulary through                                                                       Connect common abbreviations to whole
     conversations and being read                                                                       words
     to/responding to texts. (L.2.6)



                                                                                                         Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                             ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 3 – Language Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level            Content that is still included but may be            Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                           modified or at a greater depth                                 grade level

    Using keyboarding skills                           Read and write multi-syllabic words            The concepts and skills found in the CCSS
                                                                                                        Language strand are located throughout the
    Use commas in addresses                             Spell high frequency words correctly          standard of the OACS. The Common core
                                                                                                        added the Language Strand, not because it
    Use of adjectives is emphasized in both            Spell words with common affixes                needed more emphasis, but because the skills
     sets of standards, however the CCSS                 correctly/ determine word meaning when         and concepts addressed in this section can be
     specifically includes use of comparative (-         an affix is added.                             applied across the Reading, Writing and
     er, closer, smoother) and superlative                                                              Speaking and Listening Strands.
     (closest, smoothest) adjectives.                   Use nouns, verbs, adjectives and
                                                         conjunctions correctly; use regular and        The skills found in the Acquisition of
    As a precursor to connotation and                   irregular verbs, subjects and verbs in         Vocabulary Standard of the OACS are included
     denotation identify shades of meaning               agreement; use possessives                     in this strand.
     among related words (thought, concept,
     idea, intention)                                   Use resources and references to check               Spell contractions, compounds and
                                                         and correct spelling and to determine                homonyms correctly (found earlier in the
    Acquire and use grade-appropriate                   word meaning.                                        CCSS).
     general academic and domain specific
     words and phrases.                                 Distinguish between nonliteral (figurative)         Cursive writing
                                                         and nonliteral language.

                                                        Use commas in a series and in dialogue
                                                         (along with quotation marks).




                                                                                                               Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                                   ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 4 – Language Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level         Content that is still included but may be           Content/Skills no longer a focus at this
                                                        modified or at a greater depth                                grade level

    Usage of relative pronouns and adverbs          Form and use verb tenses that are in          The concepts and skills found in the CCSS
     and modal auxiliaries L.4.1a and 1c              agreement with the subject.                   Language strand are located throughout the
                                                                                                    standard of the OACS. The Common core
    Order adjectives within sentences L.4.1d        Use prepositional phrases                     added the Language Strand, not because it
                                                                                                    needed more emphasis, but because the skills
    Correctly spell and use frequently              Vary sentence types, recognize and            and concepts addressed in this section can be
     confused words L.4.1g                            correct fragments                             applied across the Reading, Writing and
                                                                                                    Speaking and Listening Strands.
    Use commas and quotation marks in               Correctly spell high frequency and grade
     dialogue L.4.2b                                  appropriate words                             The skills found in the Acquisition of
                                                                                                    Vocabulary Standard of the OACS are included
    Use comma correctly in a compound               Consult resources (print and digital) to      in this strand.
     sentence L.4.2c                                  determine word pronunciation and
                                                      meaning and to add precise vocabulary to          Usage of nominative and objective
    Use punctuation for effect in written            written text                                       pronouns
     compositions L.4.3b
                                                     Understand and use similes and
    Explain the meaning of common idioms,            metaphors\
     adages and proverbs L.4.5b
                                                     Understand and use figurative language
                                                      (literal and nonliteral meanings)

                                                     Demonstrate understanding of word
                                                      relationships (i.e., synonym, antonym)




                                                                                                           Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                               ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 5 – Language Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level        Content that is still included but may be             Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                       modified or at a greater depth                                  grade level

    Explain function of conjunctions,                Form and use verb tenses that are in          The concepts and skills found in the CCSS
     prepositions and interjections L.5.1a             agreement with the subject and mark           Language strand are located throughout the
                                                       specific time.                                standard of the OACS. The Common core
    Use correlative conjunctions L.5.1e                                                             added the Language Strand, not because it
                                                      Use conjunctions                              needed more emphasis, but because the skills
    Correctly spell and use frequently                                                              and concepts addressed in this section can be
     confused words L.5.1g                            Use commas appropriately (in a series, to     applied across the Reading, Writing and
                                                       separate an introductory element, to set      Speaking and Listening Strands.
    Compare and contrast varieties of English.        off the words yes & no, and to indicate
     L.5.3b                                            direct address.                               The skills found in the Acquisition of
                                                                                                     Vocabulary Standard of the OACS are included
    Use underlining, quotation marks or italics      Correctly spell high frequency and grade      in this strand.
     to indicate titles of works. L.5.2d               appropriate words consulting resources
                                                       (print and digital) to determine word              Usage of indefinite, relative, objective and
    Explain the meaning of common idioms,             pronunciation /meaning and to add                   nominative case pronouns (all found at
     adages and proverbs L.5.5b                        precise vocabulary to written text when             earlier grades).
                                                       necessary

                                                      Understand and use similes and
                                                       metaphors/figurative language (literal and
                                                       nonliteral meanings)

                                                      Demonstrate understanding of word
                                                       relationships (i.e., synonym, antonym,
                                                       homograph)

                                                      Use roots & affixes to determine word
                                                       meaning
                                                                                                            Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                                ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 6 – Language Arts Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level    Content that is still included but may be          Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                   modified or at a greater depth                               grade level
                                                                                                 The skills and concepts found in the CCSS
    Vary sentence patterns for meaning,          Demonstrate command of the                    Language Strand are located throughout the
     reader/listener interest, and style.          conventions of standard English               standard, benchmarks and indicators of the
                                                   capitalization, punctuation, and spelling     Ohio Academic Standards.
    Maintain consistency in style and tone.       when writing.
     L.6.3                                                                                       The Common Core added the Language
                                                  Choose language that expresses ideas          Strand, not because it needed more emphasis,
                                                   precisely and concisely, recognizing and      but because the skills and concepts addressed
                                                   eliminating wordiness and redundancy.         in this section applied across the Reading,
                                                                                                 Writing and Speaking and Listening strands.
                                                  Use context and common, grade-
                                                   appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and        The skills from the Acquisition of Vocabulary
                                                   roots as clues of a word or phrase.           standard are included as a topic in this strand.

                                                  Use multiple resources to enhance
                                                   comprehension of vocabulary.

                                                  Demonstrate understanding/Recognize
                                                   the importance of figurative language

                                                  Use the relationship between particular
                                                   words to better understand each of the
                                                   words.




                                                                                                        Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                            ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 7 – Language Comparative Analysis

    Content that is new to this grade level       Content that is still included but may be      Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                      modified or at a greater depth                           grade level
    Distinguish among the connotations of       Conventions of Standard English                The skills and concepts found in the CCSS
     words with similar denotations               Demonstrate command of conventions of        Language Strand are located throughout the
     (definitions). L.7.5.c                         standard English grammar and usage          standard, benchmarks and indicators of the
                                                    when writing or speaking.                   Ohio Academic Standards. The Common Core
    Acquire and use accurately grade-                                                          added the Language Strand, not because it
     appropriate general academic and            Knowledge of Language                          needed more emphasis, but because the skills
     domain-specific words and phrases;           Choose language that expresses ideas         and concepts addressed in this section applied
     gather vocabulary knowledge when               precisely and concisely, recognize/         across the Reading, Writing and Speaking and
     considering a word or phrase important to      eliminate wordiness/ redundancy.            Listening Strands.
     comprehension or expression. L.7.6
                                                 Vocabulary Acquisition and Use                 The Acquisition of Vocabulary is included as a
                                                  Use context as a clue to meaning of a        topic in this strand.
                                                    word or phrase

                                                    Use common, Greek or Latin affixes/roots
                                                     to determine word meaning

                                                    Use multiple resources to enhance
                                                     comprehension of vocabulary

                                                    Demonstrate understanding/Recognize
                                                     the importance of figurative language

                                                    Use the relationship between particular
                                                     words (e.g., synonym/antonym, analogy)
                                                     to better understand each of the words.




                                                                                                       Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                           ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grade 8 – Language Comparative Analysis

 Content that is new to this grade level     Content that is still included but may be       Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                 modified or at a greater depth                            grade level
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use              Conventions of Standard English                 The skills and concepts found in the CCSS
 Acquire/use accurately general academic    Demonstrate command of conventions of         Language Strand are located throughout the
   and domain-specific words and phrases.      standard English grammar/usage/              standard, benchmarks and indicators of the
   L.8.6                                       punctuation/capitalization and spelling      Ohio Academic Standards. The Common Core
                                               when writing or speaking.                    added the Language Strand, not because it
                                                                                            needed more emphasis, but because the skills
                                            Knowledge of Language                           and concepts addressed in this section applied
                                             Choose language that expresses ideas          across the Reading, Writing and Speaking and
                                               precisely/concisely, eliminating             Listening Strands.
                                               wordiness/redundancy.
                                                                                            The Acquisition of Vocabulary is included as a
                                            Vocabulary Acquisition and Use                  topic in this strand.
                                             Use context, common, grade-appropriate
                                               Greek or Latin affixes and roots as a clue
                                               to the meaning of a word or phrase.

                                               Use multiple resources to enhance
                                                comprehension of vocabulary.

                                               Recognize role and importance of
                                                figurative language

                                               Use relationship between particular
                                                words) to better understand each word.




                                                                                                  Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                      ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grades 9-10 – Language Comparative Analysis
 Content that is new to this grade level      Content that is still included at but may     Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                be modified or at a greater depth                         grade level
  Use parallel structure (L.9-10.1.a)         Both systems take a hybrid approach to     The skills and concepts found in the Common
                                                the language skills and concepts           Core State Standards Language Strand are
  Use a colon to introduce a list or                                                      located throughout the standards,
   quotation (L.9-10.2.b)                      Demonstrate a command of standard          benchmarks, and indicators of the Ohio
                                                English grammar, conventions, spelling,    Academic Content Standards. The CCSS added
  Write and edit work according to the         punctuation and capitalization.            the Language Strand, not because it needed
   appropriate style guide (L.9-10.3.a)                                                    more emphasis but because the skills and
                                               Use context clues and multiple resources   concepts addressed in this section applied
  Identify and correctly use patterns of       to determine the meaning of words and      across the Reading, Writing, and Speaking and
   word changes that indicate different         enhance vocabulary                         Listening Strands.
   meanings or parts of speech (L.9-10.4.b)
                                               Apply knowledge of language to             The Acquisition of Vocabulary is included as a
  Analyzing nuances in the meaning words       understand how it functions in different   topic in this strand.
   with similar denotations (L.9-10.5.b)        contexts
                                                                                           Many of the skills identified in the Language
  Acquiring and accurately using general                                                  Strand are smaller components of larger
   academic and domain-specific words.                                                     concepts that can be found in the OACS, but
   (Using the three tiers of words)                                                        because of the specificity, they are listed here
                                                                                           as new content.




                                                                                                  Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                      ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS
Grades 11-12 – Language Comparative Analysis
 Content that is new to this grade level       Content that is still included at but may    Content that is no longer a focus at this
                                                 be modified or at a greater depth                        grade level
  Acquire and accurately use general       Both systems take a hybrid approach to        The skills and concepts found in the Common
   academic and domain-specific words.       the language standards                        Core State Standards Language Strand are
   (Using the three tiers of words)                                                        located throughout the standards,
                                                Demonstrate a command of standard         benchmarks, and indicators of the Ohio
                                                 English grammar & conventions including   Academic Content Standards. The CCSS added
                                                 spelling conventions, punctuation and     the Language Strand, not because it needed
                                                 capitalization                            more emphasis but because the skills and
                                                                                           concepts addressed in this section applied
                                            Use context clues to determine the            across the Reading, Writing, and Speaking and
                                             meaning of words and use multiple             Listening Strands.
                                             resources to enhance vocabulary
                                                                                           The Acquisition of Vocabulary is included as a
                                            Apply a knowledge of language to              topic in this strand.
                                             understand its functions in different
                                             contexts                                      Many of the skills identified in the Language
                                                                                           Strand are smaller components of larger
                                                                                           concepts that can be found in the OACS, but
                                                                                           because of the specificity, they are listed here
                                                                                           as new content.




                                                                                                 Language Comparative Analysis of the
                                                                                     ELA Common Core State Standards and the Ohio ACS

				
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