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Andrew Marvell By: Kristina Busbin Hannah Burris Krystal Mienscow Abraham Biography •Andrew Marvell was born at Winstead-in-Holderness, Yorkshire, on March 31, 1621. •His father was Rev. Andrew Marvell, and his wife Anne. •Marvell was admitted to Trinity College and got his B.A. degree. •His father died of drowning after he got out of college in 1640. •He traveled abroad in France, Spain, Holland, Switzerland, and Italy from 1642-1646. •In 1650, Marvell became a tutor for a twelve year old Mary Fairfax(later Duchess of Buckingham). •He wrote while he was staying with the family and that’s where he wrote his non-satric poems, including "Upon Appleton House", "To His Coy Mistress", and "The Definition of Love". It's said that these poems were crucial to his development as a poet and a man. Biography • In 1653 Marvell met John Milton who wrote a recommendation for Marvell for the post of Assistant Latin Secretary to the Council of State, which he got in 1657. • Later getting appointed to the assistant of Milton, raising to the Latin Secretary for the Commonwealth. • In 1659 Marvell was elected M.P. for his hometown, Hull. • He continued to represent them for the next 20 years until his death in August 1678 of tertian ague, and malpractice of an attending physician. • After his death, in 1681 his poems were printed as Miscellaneous Poems. Andrew Marvell’s Contribution to British Literature • Marvell wrote political pamphlets, satires and lyrical poems • Political pamphlets were full of conceits and satire • Miscellaneous Poems were printed in 1681 • He wrote during England's political epochs • Printed two poems one Greek, one Latin: Musa Cantabrigiensis in 1637 Andrew Marvell’s Contribution to British Literature Continued… • Wrote in Carpe Diem; “Seize The Day”, To His Coy Mistress • Marvell related his writings to events of the time, public and person life • He used his personal life in the poem The Picture of Little TC in a Prospect of Flowers conveyed the death of his friends little sister with metaphysical conceit • Used Classical Pastoral style of writing like Roman authors; The Nymph Complaining for the Death of her fawn • Added originality and a different tone to the genre Major Works • His works were divided into 4 different categories – Love – Pastoral • The other 2 are political and religious satires which were: – Clarendons Housewarming – The Last Instructions to a Painter – The Loyal Scot – The Statue in Stocks Market – The Rehearsal Transposed More of Marvell’s Works • Not many of Marvell’s work were published because of his radical views. • For Example: Account of the Growth of Propery and Arbitrary Government – Attack on the Monarchy Even More…. • After 3 years of his death few of his poems were published – To His Coy Mistress – Upon Appleton House, to my Lord Fairfax – The Mower’s Song – The Complaining for the Death of her Fawn – The Definition of Love – Bermudas – The Character of Holland – The Fair Singer To His Coy Mistress • To his Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell Our sweetness, up into one ball; • And tear our pleasures with rough strife Had we but world enough, and time, Thorough the iron gates of life. This coyness, lady, were no crime. Thus, though we cannot make our sun We would sit down and think which way Stand still, yet we will make him run. To walk, and pass our long love's day; Thou by the Indian Ganges' side Shouldst rubies find; I by the tide Of Humber would complain. I would Love you ten years before the Flood; And you should, if you please, refuse Till the conversion of the Jews. My vegetable love should grow Vaster than empires, and more slow. An hundred years should go to praise Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze; Two hundred to adore each breast, But thirty thousand to the rest; An age at least to every part, And the last age should show your heart. For, lady, you deserve this state, Nor would I love at lower rate. But at my back I always hear Time's winged chariot hurrying near; And yonder all before us lie Deserts of vast eternity. Thy beauty shall no more be found, Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound My echoing song; then worms shall try That long preserv'd virginity, And your quaint honour turn to dust, And into ashes all my lust. The grave's a fine and private place, But none I think do there embrace. Now therefore, while the youthful hue Sits on thy skin like morning dew, And while thy willing soul transpires At every pore with instant fires, Now let us sport us while we may; And now, like am'rous birds of prey, Rather at once our time devour, Than languish in his slow-chapp'd power. Let us roll all our strength, and all Poem Explication • Written in mans perspective; trying to persuade a girl to have sex with him, telling her time is limited and they must act now. • “time lays waste to youth and life passes quickly, so seize the day” • At the end of the poem the man has completed his conquest of having sex with this girl. Works Citied • "The Life of Andrew Marvell (1621-1678)." Luminarium: Anthology of English Literature. 13 Jan. 2009 <http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/marvell/marvbio.htm>. • Cummings, Michael J. "To His Coy Mistress: Study Guide." Free Study Guides for Shakespeare and Other Authors. 13 Jan. 2009 <http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides4/Marvell.html>. • "The Life of Andrew Marvell." Luminarium. 13 Jan. 2009 <http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/marvell/marvbio.htm>. • Marvell, Andrew. "357. To His Coy Mistress." BartleBy. 13 Jan. 2009 <http://www.bartleby.com/101/357.htmlwww.bartleby.com/101/35 7.html>.
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