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Gangs: Their increasing grip on the RMIN Region A special report from the Rocky Mountain Information Network June 2010 RMIN’s U.S. Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs 2010 Edition Map (shown at left) and Path of an Outlaw iomgia.net U.S. OUTLAW MOTORCYCLE GANGS iomgia.net Motorcycle Gang (shown below) docu- ments are now available in PDF and FREE SOULS DIRT & GRIME GYPSY JOKERS AMIGOS, HOMBRES RESURRECTION GHOST RIDERS WASHINGTON BOOZEFIGHTERS CHIEFTAINS EXILES poster-size printouts. CANYON RIDERS, GURIO COMBATANTS SARACENS DESTRALOS, UNFORGIVEN BROTHER SPEED AMIGOS UNRULY RMIN and the International Outlaw (BANDIDOS FARM CLUBS) MOUNTAIN MEN OUTSIDERS OUTLAWS CROSS ROADS BANDIDOS VIETNAM VETS BAD COMPANY HERMANOS (pending confirmation) FLYING IRON COSSACKS THUNDERBIRDS IRON EAGLES MAINE HELLS ANGELS SPARTANS BROTHERHOOD NORSEMEN WARLORDS MILFORD & CO IRON HORSEMEN MONTANA PEACEMAKERS HELLS OUTCAST MOUNTAIN MEN BROTHERSPEED NORTH DAKOTA DIABLOS THE OTHERS SILENT THUNDER FOSSILS ROAD KINGS GALLOPING GOOSE MIDNIGHT RIDERS HELLS ANGELS Motorcycle Gang Investigators Association GYPSY JOKERS FREE SOULS DAKOTA RIDERS MONGOLS EL FORASTEROS SONS OF SILENCE OUTLAWS BROTHERSPEED GALLOPING GOOSE VERMONT BANDIDOS MONGOLS OREGON VIETNAM VETS ICE COLD RIDERS BPM’s CHOSEN FEW KINGSMEN MOUNTAIN I-84 ROADBROTHERS SET FREE SOLDIERS VIETNAM VETS MINNESOTA BROTHERHOOD DEMON KNIGHTS MEN NH BROTHER SPEED CHOSEN FEW VIET BARONS STREET SOLDIERS BLACK PISTONS DIABLOS OUTSIDERS OUTCAST AVENGERS HIGHWAYMEN VAGOS - (NEED TO CONFIRM) TRU BREED DIABLO LOBOS OUTLAWS NA partnered to create the Path of an Outlaw BRIDGE RUNNERS THEMADONES SFB EL FORASTEROS BROTHERHOOD M DORSAI BLACK PISTONS, CHIEFTONS, DIABLOS, IDAHO DEADMEN EL FORASTEROS RARE BREED HELLS ANGELS VE LOS VALIENTES D.C. EAGLES WISCONSIN BLACK PISTONS IRON HORSEMEN DOMINERS, FREEWHEELERS, HEADSMEN VAGOS TS EMPTIES GRIM REAPERS WHEELS OF SOUL PHANTOM LORDS, PALE RIDERS HIGHWAYMEN HEATHENS ROAD DOGS SET FREE SOLDIERS SOUTH DAKOTA HELLS ANGELS DEVILS DICIPLES 69 ers MA RED EMERALDS, RED DEVILS VIETNAM VETS HERMANOS HELLS LOVERS SIN CITY DECIPLES MICHIGAN NEW YORK HELLS ANGELS RUM POT RUSTLERS, SIDEWINDERS SOUTH SHORE HAWGS, TRIBEMAN GRAND FATHERS SONS OF SILENCE MORTAL SKULLS THE SELECTS CHING-A-LINGS VIETNAM VETS IRON COFFINS BROTHERHOOD VIETNAM VETS OUTLAWS VICTORS, VIGILANTES, LONG RIDERS, IMMORTALS ZULUS ROAD VULTURES JUS BROTHERS BANDIDOS OL TIMERS GHOST DANCE VIETNAM VETS SUNDOWNERS SIN CITY DESCIPLES SATENS SOLDIERS BLACK PISTONS RI DEVILS DISCIPLES UNKNOWN LOCOS BANDIDOS Motorcycle Gang Member poster. The WILD BUNCH HELLS ANGELS SATIN SINNERS PHUK BANDIDOS WYOMING VIETNAM VETS BOND SLAVES BOOZEFIGHTERS BPM ZODIACS NEW ATTITUDE VIETNAM VETS UNFORGIVEN HELLS ANGELS VIETNAM VETS BRAVADOS DEVILS DICIPLES SCORPIONS CONDEMNED FEW WARLOCKS BOOZE FIGHTERS MONGOLS KNIGHTS MIXTECAS OUTLAWS OUTCAST HIGHWAYMEN VICIOUS CIRCLE OUTLAWS CT HIGHWAY DRIFTERS BORDER BANDITS DIABLOS HELLS ANGELS PAGANS RED DEVILS, GREEN MACHINE P.O.B.O.B. DOWN & DIRTY DESTROYERS EL FORASTEROS WHEELS OF SOUL VIETNAM VETS WARLOCKS (frozen) HELLS ANGELS, VIETNAM VETS BELIEVERS HELLS ANGELS SONS OF HAWAII IRON HORSEMEN BRANDED FEW VAGOS BRUDENSCHAFT TRIBE CRUCIFIERS BROTHERSPEED LOS LOBOS LEGACY VETS DEFIANT FEW HANDLEBAR JOCKEYS VIETNAM VETS BREED KINGSMEN THE CREW DEVILS HORSEMEN RENEGADES UMF OUTLAWS TRIBESMEN BROTHERHOOD PAGANS BLACK PISTONS PENNSYLVANIA BREED chart is designed to help law enforcement MESCALEROS BOOZE FIGHTERS IRON RAGE VALHALLAS TRIBESMEN JOURNEYMEN BOOZE FIGHTERS HELTER SKELTER VAGOS IOWA CIRCLE OF PRIDE MONGOLS SWORDSMEN CRUCIFIERS BROTHERHOOD WEHRMACHT CROSS ROADS IRON HORSEMEN WARLOCKS WHEELS OF SOUL NJ WARLOCKS SOUL WHEELS OF BRANDED ONES HOLE IN THE WALL RAMBLERS TRIBE UMF NEBRASKA BOND SLAVES DEATH MARAUDERS BROTHERHOOD SIN CITY DESCIPLES HELLS ANGELS CHARTER OAKS JAMES GANG CHOSEN LOST TRIBE BANDALEROS SONS OF SILENCE BLACK PISTONS DEVILS DICIPLES AVENGERS PAGANS HUMPERS RIGHTEOUS ONES FLAT LANDERS D.C. EAGLES LOST SOULS BANDIDOS HOMBRES DEVILS DICIPLES VIETNAM VETS OUTLAWS PAGANS IRON DEMONS COMBAT VETS PHANTOM LORDS HOMBRES AMERICAN IRON VIETNAM VETS OHIO SATANS SOLDIERS COMPADRES RESERVOIR DOGS HELL BENT HESSIANS HERMANOS RAPTORZ DIRTY DOZEN INDIANA RENEGADES BROTHERHOOD CROSS ROADS RIGHTEOUS & UNRULY NEVADA FREE TOMORROW VIETNAM VETS WHEELS OF SOUL WHEELS OF SOUL BLACK PISTONS VIETNAM VETS DIABLOS RED DEVILS NUGGETS BARONS FLYING WHEELS HELLS ANGELS ILLINOIS APACHE MD DISMANTLERS OUTLAWS RIGHTOUS ONES VALIANTS GRIM REAPERS WHEELS OF SOUL WHEELS DE TRIBE OF SOUL personnel better understand the path a FUGARWE TRIBE PAGANS FORBIDDEN KERBEROS IRON HORSEMEN MIDWEST DRIFTERS INVADERS IRON HORSEMEN IRON COFFINS VIETNAM VETS AVENGERS GHOST MOUNTAIN RIDERS SKONERS WILD BUNCH THUNDERGUARDS MONGOLS HIGH PLAINS DRIFTERS BOOZE FIGHTERS DEVILS DISCIPLES TRIBE WHEEL ILLUSIONS TOP HATTERS UTAH DIABLOS LOBOS OUTCASTS SCORPIONS INVADERS DIABLOS OUTLAWS HELLS ANGELS HERS OF THE RENEGADES WARLOCKS, WHEELS OF SOUL VIETNAM VETS, PAGANS HELLS ANGELS VIETNAM VETS BROT ADDITIONAL CALIFORNIA OMGs CALIFORNIA LEGACY VETS COLORADO THE MEN EL FORASTEROS GRIM REAPERS SIN CITY DECIPLES BOOZE FIGHTERS W. VIRGINIA WARLOCKS AMIGOS SUNDOWNERS TRIBE ROUGES BOOZE FIGHTERS BLACK PISTONS HELLS ANGELS LAST REBELS BLITZKRIEG, DERELICTS BAY RIDERS HEATHENS BANDIDOS BANDIDOS OUTLAWS HELLS LOVERS MONGOLS GALLOPING GOOSE HELLS LOVERS OUTLAWS CHING-A-LINGS VIRGINIA IRON HORSEMEN MAYHEM HESSIANS EL FORASTEROS TITANS BARBARIANS KINGSMEN, PHANTOMS, TRIBE AMONS DESTRALOS HELLS LOVERS SONS OF SILENCE BLACK PISTONS VIETNAM VETS MONGOLS HEAVY HITTERS GALLOPING GOOSE NEW BREED SONS OF SILENCE GHOST RIDERS THUNDERGUARDS, WHEELS OF SOUL RESURRECTION SUNDOWNERS VIETNAM VETS WARLOCKS OUTLAWS DERANGED FEW person must follow in order to become a HELLBOUND SAINTS S/S SINNERS VIETNAM VETS INVADERS BANDIDOS CUSTOM RIDERS HELLS ANGELS VIETNAM VETS MOST ENVIED KANSAS MISSOURI HELLS ANGELS BOOZEFIGHTERS VIETNAM VETS SCORPIONS MERCILESS SOULS WEST COAST O.G. RIDERZ RED NATION AGAINST THE WALL LEGACY VETS BOOZEFIGHTERS VIETNAM VETS DIABLOS LOBOS ROAD SAINTS VIETNAM VETS KENTUCKY PAGANS UNTAMED MALDITOS MISFITS PAGANS DEVILS GRIP SUNDOWNERS GENTS MEXTECAS OUTLAWS IRON HORSEMEN GRIM REAPERS VIOLATORS HELLS ANGELS LONERS ROCK MACHINE SIN CITY DECIPLES DESPERADOES MESSENGERS SET FREE SOLDIERS SONS OF SILENCE SKELETON CREW SAINTS GALLOPING GOOSE COCHISE RIDERS SONS OF SILENCE OUTLAWS WHEELS OF SOUL HENCHMEN VIETNAM VETS INVADERS SADDLE TRAMPS HELLS ANGELS RENEGADES CHOSEN FEW NOMADENS DESTROYERS SONS OF SILENCE VITUSCANS BOOZE FIGHTERS PAGANS VIETNAM VETS DESPERADOS MOLOCHS MILITARY MISFITS SOUL BROTHERS MALDITOS BROTHERS WORD STATESMEN VETERANS NOMADS RED DEVILS IRON HORSEMEN WHEELS OF SOUL member of an Outlaw Motorcycle Gang. It WANTED HUNS STEEL REBELS PECKERWOODS SADISTICS DEVILS DICIPLES WILD ONES REGULATORS SET FREE SOLDIERS WHEELS OF SOUL SET FREE SOLDIERS LIMITED FEW HENCHMEN N. CAROLINA SOLO ANGELS GRIM REAPERS BOANERGES LONERS LOST DUTCHMAN PAISANOS LOS TRAVIESOS MONGOLS GHOST RIDERS BLACK PISTONS UMG LONERS MONGOLS HIGH PLAINS DRIFTERS BANCHEES SOUTHSIDE CREW IRON CROSS TENNESSEE IRON TRIBE BROTHERHOOD VAGOS LONERS THE FAMILY HELLS ANGELS P.O.B.O.B. VAGOS SOUL BROTHERS BOOZE FIGHTERS BLACK BERETS ROGUES FORSAKEN FEW DIABLOS LOBOS IRON HORSEMEN OUTLAWS WARLOCKS OUTLAWS SATANS TRAMPS HUNS ARIZONA BOOZE FIGHTERS BLACK PISTONS VAGOS TRINITY HAMMERHEADZ PAGANS GREEN MACHINE CHOSEN FEW NEW MEXICO LOS CARNALES HESSIANS OKLAHOMA OZARK RIDERS STEELE STALLIONS WILD BUNCH also identifies the meaning behind several HELLS ANGELS SPARTAN RIDERS DORSAI BANDIDOS ARKANSAS SOUTHERN VIKINGS SPARTANS VIETNAM VETS HAWG RIDIN FOOLS LOS HERMANOS NARBONAS GRIM REAPERS BLACK PISTONS SONS OF SILENCE OUTLAWS IRON CROSS S. CAROLINA SET FREE SOLDIERS GERMAN M/C ROAD BARONS MAN-O-WAR LUCIFERS CREW VIETNAM VETS OUTLAWS ASGARDS ALABAMA RIDERS GODS FEW HELLS ANGELS LOS COMPADRES GERMAN ARMY VETS COSSACKS VIETNAM VETS BLACK PISTONS ROLLING REBELS SET FREE SOLDIERS DEVILS DICIPLES OUTCASTS HELLS ANGELS BANDOLEROS OUTLAWS BOOZE FIGHTERS SOLDADOS BANDIDOS DIRE WOLFZ RIGHTOUS ONES of the tabs, or cookies, members wear on VIETNAM VETS MONGOLS NATIVE THUNDER PACOTEROS ALABAMA GEORGIA BANSHEES SONS OF SILENCE REAPERS MISSISSIPPI RAPPERS PISTOLEROS SAINTS LEGACY VETS VIETNAM VETS BANDIDOS COMPANIEROS FREEWHEELERS GREY GHOST PISTOLEROS BLACK PISTONS SET FREE SOLDIERS BANSHEES THE FAMILY TIBERONES VIETNAM VETS OUTLAWS AMIGOS GALLOPING GOOSE VIETNAM VETS TEXAS BANDIDOS their vests. A copy of this chart, along with MEXHETEXOS BANDIDOS GERMAN ARMY VETS LOUISIANA VIETNAM VETS DEADMEN HOMBRES AVENGERS BREED LA RIDERS CC RIDERS ROCK MACHINE BROTHERHOOD GERMAN M/C COBRAS CRUISERS SCORPIONS SATANS TRAMPS BLACK PISTONS MONGOLS PHANTOMS BOOZEFIGHTERS VIETNAM VETS FLY IN WHEELS HIGHWAYMEN VIEX DEUX DAWGS SET FREE SOLDIERS SONS OF SILENCE ROUGH RIDERS GHOST RIDERS BANDIDOS IRON COFFINS the 2010 U.S. Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs PAN HANDLERS BANDELOROS HELLS ANGELS HOLE-N-DAWALL (pending confirmation) OUTCASTS SUNDOWNERS LOS CARNALES HELLS LOVERS HAWAII NA KUA ANA FLORIDA VIETNAM VETS ALASKA BOOZEFIGHTERS RENEGADES KINSMEN KINGSMEN Map, is available in PDF format on the SEMANON ALII BANDIDOS MYSTIC SEVEN HELLS ANGELS NAM NIGHTS SENTINELS KOA PUNA TRIBESMEN VIETNAM VETS WARLOCKS SCOOTER TRAMPS JESTERS SONS OF SILENCE DEVILS BREED VIETNAM VETS OUTLAWS VAGOS RISSGANG website or you can e-mail PAGANS BANDIDOS LEGACY VETS VIETNAM VETS LARGEST 1% CLUBS RED = HELLS ANGELS RMIN Criminal Intelligence Analyst Brian SET FREE SOLDIERS ORANGE = BANDIDOS BLUE = PAGANS BROWN = OUTLAWS PURPLE = VIETNAM VETS GREEN = SONS OF SILENCE ILLUSTRATION & DESIGN BY RMIN ANALYST: BRIAN NOVOTNY FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT USE ONLY Novotny at email@example.com to re- quest a PDF or printed copy. LAW ENFORCEMENT USE ONLY Gangs June 2010 RMIN Special Report Contents Article Page Gangs: Taking over one corner at a time 03 By Chuck Schoville Gangs in Indian Country: An overview of a growing problem 10 By Christopher M. Grant, MA A national perspective on OMGs 15 By Steve Trethewy Aryan gangs of Idaho 21 By Timothy Higgins Evolution of gangs in Arizona By Frank “Paco” Marcell 25 The Wonder Boys 29 By Joseph Preciado Juggalos: A fan club or a gang? 31 By Michelle Vasey New Mexico gang update 33 By Chuck Schoville STG activity in the Montana Dept. of Corrections 34 By Tracy Napier Tattoos in the RMIN Region 36 Gangs June 2010 RMIN Special Report Contents Page A look at Nevada’s gangs 40 By Brian Novotny, CCA Vagos Outlaw Motorcycle Gang 44 expansion in Nevada By Jim Lopey and Michelle McNeely Overview of Salt Lake area gang activity 47 By Marilyn Felkner Wyoming gang activity 49 By Elvin Ehrhardt Polynesian Gangs: Warriors to gangsters 52 By Trudy A. Cropper Rocky Mountain hot zone 54 By Jimmy Wattles Western States Gang Investigators Network 56 By Wes McBride California Dept. Of Corrections and Rehabilitation 58 By Brian Parry Gang investigator’s toolbox 60 Appendix A: Proposed law regarding pat downs Appendix B: Resources and statutes Appendix C: Creating historical documents for gang investigators Appendix D: RISSGang Appendix E: Gang Graffiti Appendix F: Gang signs Gangs RMIN Special Report Gangs: Taking over one corner at a time BY CHUCK SCHOVILLE RMIN TRAINING SPECIALIST angs no longer Make no mistake about it. gang problem. Legislators G respect boundaries, territory or turf. Worse yet, gangs and gang When trouble arises, there are no California Surenos, no Wyoming Surenos, but just one enacted gang laws and enhanced gang sentencing guidelines to aggressively members place no value on army known as Surenos. attack the problem. human life. Gang violence During the last 25 years I During the last 17 years, occurs in big cities and small have watched as gangs and the hundreds, if not thousands, of towns throughout the RMIN crimes they commit affect each gang members have been sen- region. Gangs that align them- of us, one region, one state, tenced to lengthy prison terms selves underneath the Sureno one city, one community, one for terrorizing the communities umbrella continue to migrate corner at a time. I have they live in. Gangs rely on from California to each and watched as the gang situation intimidation and fear tactics to every RMIN state. Most recent- was called an epidemic, survive. Most gang members ly, gangs that a crisis and out of won’t hesitate or back down claim to be Gangs and gang control. The gang sit- from a violent encounter if the Nortenos, the uation forced many results will further the criminal enemy and members place no police agencies into a interests of their gang. rival of any value on human life. reactive mode, hoping Yet, 17 years later, many if Sureno gang, Gang violence occurs that an innocent not most states in the RMIN are also spring- in both big cities and bystander, child or region still have no criteria for ing up small towns in the non-gang member a consistent method to formal- throughout the didn’t die for being in RMIN region. ly identify suspected gang RMIN region. the wrong place at the members, and most states still Ask any mili- wrong time. have no gang statutes or tary strategist This report provides an enhanced sentencing guide- and he or she will agree with a overview of gang activity in the lines. Unless consistency is simple concept – the greater Southwestern United States. It established from one RMIN their numbers, the greater is certain that what happened region state to the next, gang their strength. The Sureno in California will happen in members will continue to gangs realize that the larger RMIN states soon, and the understand and criminally they are, it’s less likely they gang activity and trends will exploit the weaknesses in the will be stopped. Therefore, the continue to spread further into system. Surenos have started to the country unless stopped. The gang problem is further “adopt” Sureno gang members But, it is unlikely the gang compounded by many gang from within the RMIN region activity can be stopped based experts who are reluctant or that have never had any con- on the low level of priority unwilling to take the necessary nection to the California many police agencies, and steps to share relevant gang Surenos. An example of this worse yet, many states, have specific information or intelli- adoptive process would be a placed on stopping the prob- gence. While fusion centers pro- large group of Nevada Surenos lem. liferate, a collaborative approach that was once incarcerated in the Nevada Department of In 1993, Arizona leaders, to analyzing and distributing Corrections who refer to them- politicians, and police agencies gang-related intelligence is often selves as the “Nevada Trece.” recognized the severity of the lacking. The analysis and distri- Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 3 Gangs RMIN Special Report bution of timely, actionable find educational and useful in one Nevada gang member told intelligence is critical to line-level preparing for and dealing with me recently, “You need to let officers on the streets and within the continued onslaught of vio- the street cops know that our correctional facilities. lent gang crimes being commit- everything that they see hap- This challenge often starts ted across the country. Articles pening on the streets started in with those chosen by agencies have been submitted by mem- here, in the facilities. They go to confront the gang problem: bers of the law enforcement hand-in-hand.” We’re frequently our own worst community in California, the I have heard people say they enemy when it comes to shar- well-documented birthplace of believe gangs were around dur- ing critical information. How most gangs being encountered ing biblical times, while others many times have we sat in a in the Western United States. deny we have a gang problem. meeting convened to share As the training specialist for I believe the gang problem as gang intelligence, information RMIN, I have had the opportu- we now know it started in the and trends, and take our turn nity to travel throughout the 1950s, with most gangs being discussing our community’s RMIN region, and have talked formed within small tight-knit gang problems? Many people to many law enforcement offi- communities. As time passed, waste this great opportunity to cers and current gang mem- gangs started to migrate from share information by stating bers about gangs in the region. one community to another in “nothing’s really going on in Although each state and search of excitement, friendship, our town” as they return to community has its own unique girls and for other reasons. their seats to listen as others gang-related concerns, one We often hear that a gang share information. thing is glaringly obvious: The was not really a gang, but Several people in the gangs that once lived and cre- instead, just the local guys Western United States recog- ated havoc in California are on hanging out, based on their nized the importance of shar- the move. What was once con- race or neighborhood. ing gang-related information sidered a prison or correctional Regardless of the reasons why not only on the local level, but issue involving prison gangs they joined together, at some on a regional level as well. In (Security Threat Groups) is no point, criminal activity was 2008, approximately 35 people longer only a prison issue. As added to their list of activities. representing local, state, feder- al and tribal agencies con- verged in Anaheim, California to meet and discuss relevant gang intelligence, which was then passed on to others at all levels. This working group of prac- titioners is now called the Western States Gang Intelligence Network (WSGIN), which is not to be confused with the Western States Information Network (WSIN). WSGIN has no formal asso- ciation and has no formal board or executive board struc- ture, but instead, is focused on providing timely intelligence. Numerous participants of the WSGIN have submitted articles that we hope you will 4 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Whether a gang in your Phoenix became home to Casper, not in Colorado community has formed within numerous Los Angeles-based Springs, not in Clovis, and the last few months or has gangs that came to Ariona for most assuredly not in our own been around for many decades, one reason, backyards. it is imperative that the gang’s and only one What we creation and criminal activity reason: to “Violent urban gangs control most once con- be researched and well docu- make sidered a mented by the use of a Gang money. retail-level drug distribution California Historical document. An exam- Phoenix also nationally, and some have relocat- problem ple of a Gang Historical docu- now had to ed from inner cities to suburban is now ment involving the La Victoria deal with the and rural areas. Moreover, gangs our prob- Locos gang is included with the newly are increasing their involvement in lem. Investigator’s Toolbox at the formed local wholesale-level drug distribution, While back of this publication. If you Black gangs, the have one gang or 100 gangs in as well as aided by their connections with your community, gang histori- the hun- Mexican and Asian drug trafficking details of gang cal documentation is a necessi- dreds of organizations (DTOs).” activity ty for successful criminal pros- Hispanic vary from ecution at a later date. street gangs – National Drug Intelligence Center, U.S. Department of Justice, National Drug Threat Assessment 2009 state to During the 1980s, Arizona that were state and law enforcement saw our first looking on from major migration of California- as interested gang to based gang members. During parties. gang, the threat gangs pose to this period, the Phoenix area The sudden migration of Los public safety is consistent. was hit hard and fast by Black Angeles-based gangs into the The following reviews and gang members claiming loyalty Phoenix metropolitan area trend information should be of to the Crips and Bloods. The forced local agencies to form value to law enforcement Crips and Bloods were coming specialty gang units to deal throughout the RMIN region. to Arizona to sell the newest with the problems. drug sensation to hit the After traveling throughout streets, known as crack the RMIN region and dis- CURRENT TRENDS cocaine. Profits were huge and cussing gangs with others, it is law enforcement offered very clear to me that the largest little resistance to the drug issue facing law enforcement in Drug Cartels and Criminal dealers because Arizona law the region is the continued Street Gangs/Prison Gangs enforcement officials were migration of California gangs Law enforcement has seen a caught off guard and unpre- into other communities. drastic increase in border- pared for the “crack rush.” In related crimes in the RMIN Gangs claiming loyalty to an attempt to control their own the Surenos and Nortenos have region. Phoenix was named the neighborhoods, Phoenix saw a kidnapping capital of the coun- migrated to every state in the noticeable increase in the for- try in 2009 and has seen an region. Gangs claiming loyalty mation of Black gangs includ- increase in home invasions to the Nortenos are following ing local sets of Crips and and homicides and violent acts their Sureno rivals into areas Bloods and other Black crimi- we once considered immune to that are connected to the bor- nal street gangs that referred der crisis. In 2008 alone, big city problems. to themselves as Gangsters Phoenix police reported 366 (Broadway Gangsters). Local Unfortunately, we have kidnappings and 370 home Black gangs took exception to grown calloused and expect invasion robberies. This may outsiders attempting to come this type of gang activity in be just the tip of the iceberg. into their neighborhoods to sell major metropolitan areas, but not in the heart of America, Suspects are dressing as crack, so they quickly formed and impersonating police their own gangs. As a result, not in Carson City, not in officers; the suspects are heav- Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 5 Gangs RMIN Special Report ily armed and multiple majority of the information is the RMIN region lack a direct assailants are threatening and uncorroborated and unsub- connection and trust with assaulting their victims. The stantiated. Instead, law members of the cartels. There perpetrators are in pursuit of enforcement is left wondering are many street and prison other drug dealer’s drugs, about the specifics of the rela- gangs in New Mexico and undocumented aliens, money, tionship between the drug car- Arizona, however, that have weapons, plasma televisions, tels and the U.S. street and members from Mexico or have laptop computers, jewelry or prison gangs. A few simple family members still living in anything of value. truths about the connection Mexico, so the door of opportu- While the United States and have been gleaned by law nity is wide open. In Arizona, Mexico work together to enforcement over the last sev- individual gang members have strengthen a border which eral years concerning the been apprehended at the bor- stretches some 1,900-plus nexus between the groups. der crossings attempting to miles across four states, the First and foremost we smuggle drugs back into the enemy works just as hard to should start by looking at the United States. There is little make the border more vulnera- recent investigation involving information to lead us to ble and easier to traverse ille- the Barrio Azteca prison gang believe that these individuals gally. Within the RMIN region in the Texas Department of were attempting to bring the alone, the Arizona border Corrections, and the subse- drugs back into Arizona to fur- measures 377 miles long while quent indictments and suc- ther the criminal interests of New Mexico authorities con- cessful prosecution against the their particular gang. Instead, tend with a 180 mile border. gang members. The Barrio it appears that most gang Azteca gang is well known for members apprehended are act- While U.S. law enforcement its control of the gangs in and ing on their own to make a is struggling daily with the ille- around the El Paso, Texas sizeable profit. They may bring gal movement of drugs and area. The gang, simply known the drugs back into their humans through the RMIN as the BA, con- respective region, we are also attempting trols the border “The problem that affects gang con- to stop large amounts of drug trade and trolled money and large quantities of everybody … is this: communi- weapons going from the RMIN works hand-in- Crime migrates.” hand with a ties and region into Mexico. The drug –Albert Herring, Executive Assistant, U.S. counterpart sell it to cartels have an increased inter- Attorney for the Department of Commerce organization on other gang est in .50 caliber weapons and the Mexican side members drum magazines capable of of the border in Ciudad Juárez. from their own gang as well as holding between 50 and 100 rounds. The weapons and Barrio Azteca controls cocaine, others, but this is not being ammunition are being pur- heroin and marijuana distribu- done on behalf of the entire tion in El Paso. Because of its gang. Regardless, we do know chased at gun shows using connections to Mexican Drug that gang members are pur- straw purchasers. A straw pur- Trafficking Operations (DTOs) chasing drugs from the drug chaser is anyone who knowing- functioning in the El cartels in Mexico and bringing ly acquires an item or service Paso/Juárez plaza, Barrio the drugs into the United for someone who is, for whatev- Azteca has a direct source for States for distribution. er reason, unable to purchase the item or service legally. heroin and other illicit drugs. How do we confirm a con- A prison gang or criminal nection between criminal street While many intelligence bul- street gang must have a direct and prison gangs and the drug letins list Outlaw Motorcycle connection to someone within cartels? We must start by look- Gangs (OMGs) and criminal street gangs as a source for a drug cartel, and must be able ing at the arrest of every gang to speak fluent Spanish. member caught in possession drug/human smuggling opera- Sounds simple enough, but of illegal drugs as an opportu- tions, the intelligence has been most criminal street gangs in nity to dismantle an entire difficult to verify because the drug organization, or at mini- 6 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report mum, to seriously disrupt ille- the United States, the immi- vate and federal correctional gal activities. We can no longer grants found themselves living facilities. be satisfied with one arrest, and working in the same com- Once incarcerated, the men one booking, and one convic- munities that had been inhab- from Mexico quickly realized tion of a gang member in pos- ited by Mexican Americans for they were outnumbered. They session of drugs that originat- decades. Although both groups also learned the prison philos- ed in Mexico. shared the same culture and ophy that there are two types Instead of stopping with a heritage, the fight was on. of people in our prisons: pred- simple interview, officers Mexican Americans who had ators and victims. The newly should make every effort to been living in neighborhoods incarcerated individuals from work the drugs backward, suddenly found themselves Mexico were being extorted, toward the original source. being squeezed out of their attacked and violently victim- Although this may seem diffi- comfort zones. Conflicts, ized and traumatized. cult and time consuming, it is including gang conflicts, soon It did not take long for these imperative that a higher level developed between established men to understand that their of emphasis be placed on the residents and the newcomers. only hope for security and pro- interview process. Officers As a result of the intimidation tection was to gain strength by should attempt to determine and fear tactics being used joining together and increasing where the drugs were pur- against them, many disenfran- their numbers. They began chased and the identity of chised youths from Mexico grouping together, one facility, those involved in the distribu- started forming their own one yard, one unit, one hous- tion of the drugs. The informa- gangs. The gangs were formed ing pod at a time. They shared tion developed should be care- to protect themselves from the a common goal of wanting to fully collected, analyzed, predators and often took on survive in a shark tank, and processed and distributed names that clearly indicated they soon joined together and within the law enforcement that they were from Mexico. began referring to each other community. During the 1990s, Arizona law as Paisas, meaning my fellow enforcement witnessed the country (Mexico) man. Early fastest growing and most vio- on, these men only needed PAISAS lent criminal street gang to hit The term Paisas is pro- the streets in some time, nounced “pie-sa” and when known simply as “Doble” (pro- June 2009 translated from Spanish to nounced doe-bley), which is Nine correctional officers from the English, simply means “coun- the Spanish pronunciation for Arizona Department of Corrections tryman.” the letter W. The gang was were injured while breaking up two also known as Wetback Power separate fights within a week at a What is a Paisa? The and quickly spread into almost prison complex in Tucson. According answer depends on who you every Hispanic neighborhood ask because the term is broad to news reports, about two dozen in the Phoenix area. Wetback and open to interpretation. But inmates were injured. The fights Power sets were now standing ask any gang expert and you broke out between the Mexican- up to their rivals from tradi- will learn that the Paisas are American and Mexican National tional Hispanic criminal street one of the fast growing threats inmates, which included a large num- gangs and refusing to back to our communities, with the down. ber of Paisas. With the increased biggest challenges being faced by those working in a correc- At the same time, many of growth of the Paisas within RMIN tional setting. the first-generation Mexican state correctional facilities, similar immigrants were finding their problems are almost inevitable and During the last decade, we way into trouble, committing difficult to prevent. Surenos believe have seen a dramatic increase serious felony crimes for which in their cause. Their loyalty includes in the number of undocument- they were being incarcerated. the willingness to kill or be killed as ed aliens (UDAs) entering the These men were being locked United States. After arriving in a supporter of the Mexican Mafia. up in local, county, state, pri- Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 7 Gangs RMIN Special Report protection from the prison necessarily mean the Paisas against other vulnerable indi- gangs that were terrorizing are 10 times as strong. They viduals. them; their lack of leadership seem to lack the support or There is no established and direction was unimpor- feeder system that other Paisa gang tattoo yet, but they tant. groups enjoy, including the do use several common themes Soon, the Paisas were walk- Mexican Mafia and the hun- or terms, including: ing and talking like other dreds of Sureno gangs that • Hecho en Mexico (Made in prison Security Threat Groups feed into the Mexican Mafia. Mexico) (STGs), moving and posturing The United States Federal • Paisas for their positions in the prison Bureau of Prisons (BOP) con- recreation yards, prison chow siders the Paisas a Security • Puro Paisa (Pure Paisa) halls and into any other area Threat Group and closely mon- • Tattoo of the Mexican war typically controlled by the itors the group’s activities. In bird dominant prison STGs. The April 2009, the Arizona Paisas may be a Spanish Paisas were now being noticed Department of Corrections word that is currently difficult by the STG facility investiga- added the Paisas as the newest for some to pronounce in some tors who realized that they STG to be closely monitored RMIN communities, but give it were a force to be dealt with, and controlled. time and it will be a term we not only by the other prison The Paisas should not be use as often as we use the gangs, but by the prison man- confused with the Border words Crips, Bloods, Mafia and agement teams as well. Brothers, a separate prison Hells Angels and soon there- In almost every STG. Paisas and Border after it will be a force to be Southwestern correctional Brothers share the same val- reckoned with in your state and facility, the fastest growing ues, culture and desire to in your correctional facilities. prison group is the Paisas. remain safe while incarcerated. Paisas outnumber the next In fact, both groups have used largest prison gang sometimes their newfound power and BLACK GANGS by as many as 10-to-one in strength to turn from being Traditionally, members of some facilities. This does not victims to being predators Black criminal street gangs have focused their efforts on any type of illegal activity that would generate large amounts of income in a short amount of time. This generally meant the illegal distribution of illicit drugs, primarily crack cocaine. Ten years ago, if you were try- ing to buy drugs from gang members, you would buy methamphetamine from White gang members, often Outlaw Motorcycle Gang members. You would buy crack cocaine from the Black gangs and heroin or marijuana from Hispanic gang members. The rules have changed. All gangs, regardless of eth- nicity, are now attempting to make a profit by selling any type of drug. Black gang mem- bers are now distributing large 8 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report amounts of methamphetamine, for “paper crimes.” A lengthy robbery crew would wear dur- marijuana, heroin and other investigation, Operation ing the robbery. The Crips drugs that were once consid- Checkmate, was recently com- seem to like to wear the color ered off limits to Black gangs. pleted by the Phoenix Police red and the Bloods like to wear The Black gangs have also Department. Black gang mem- blue during the robberies, ventured into areas that once bers were illegally obtaining choosing to wear the colors of carried a higher risk of capture valid identification from unsus- their rival gangs during the and were shied away from. pecting victims and creating commission of their crimes. Additionally, Black gangs have bogus checks with valid Black gang members are branched off into new illegal account numbers. Gang mem- also forming Party Crews using business ventures that are bers would then drive female a different name than the gang proving to be effective income associates to several banks they belong to in an attempt to generators, including the for- and would withdraw thou- avoid detection. It’s a little eas- mation of crews that operate as sands of dollars from business ier to get non-gang members to bank robbery crews, home accounts. The withdrawals join and pay to enter your par- invasion crews, drug rip off often would not be discovered ties when the young partici- crews and other similar ven- for months and by then, the pants think you are merely an tures. It is not uncommon for a gangs had moved on to a new entertainment group, not hard group of between six and 12 bank and new victims. This core gang members. Black gang members to fly or operation involved a large Black gang members are drive into a new area, commit organization that had bilked also jumping from hard core numerous crimes, or in their banks out of hundreds of ruthless gangs into Hip Hop own words, “bust a few licks” thousands of dollars before the crews, often hiding behind the before returning to their gang leaders and many others front of a music production homes, which are often hun- were arrested. company. They are still gang dreds if not thousands of miles Black gang members claim- members, but are now away. Not being from the area ing allegiance to the Crips and attempting to use their power and not being easily recogniza- Bloods have been stopped dur- and intimidation tactics to gen- ble reduces the chance of cap- ing bank robbery investiga- erate income from an unsus- ture by the law enforcement tions. In some cases, Crips pecting music crowd. It’s the authorities. were found in possession of same wolf, but now dressed in Black gangs have also seen duffle bags of clothing, hats, sheep’s clothing. the ease of using computers bandanas, etc., that the armed About the author… Chuck Schoville is Training Specialist with the Rocky Mountain Information Network. He is a founder and president of the Arizona Gang Investigators Association and president of the International Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigators Association. His law enforcement career began as a patrol officer with the Tempe (Arizona) Police Department and spanned 25 years until his retirement as a sergeant with the department’s Gang and Intelligence Unit. He served as Hostage Negotiations team leader and is a certified Crime Prevention Specialist. Schoville has written for numerous publications and is a certified instructor on all aspects of gangs and gang investigations. He has delivered law enforcement related presentations throughout the United States. Schoville earned his bachelor of science degree in Education from Northern Arizona University. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 9 Gangs RMIN Special Report Gangs in Indian Country: An overview of a growing problem BY CHRISTOPHER M. GRANT, MA THE EMERGENCE OF GANG CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – sense to some degree. While ACTIVITY IN INDIAN SOCIAL ISSUES many individuals involved in gang activity know each other COUNTRY There are a myriad of con- and often grew up in the same As gang activity continues tributing factors to gang neighborhood, housing area or to flourish and spread behavior across Indian community, what may have throughout communities Country. Certainly the social previously been a “family feud” across the United States, so issues many tribal communi- situation between specific too does the influence of gang ties face continue to be a familial groups often evolves activity in many tribal commu- causative or contributing factor into a gang-like style of behav- nities. to some degree, in terms of ior, with individuals using gang substance abuse, unemploy- affiliation names to identify The origins of gang behavior ment, poverty, drop-out rates in Indian Country can essen- their allegiance to a family and the relative lack of social, group, as opposed to using a tially be traced back to the late cultural and recreational 1980s and early 1990s, when family name. This pattern is resources in many tribal com- not an absolute because there such behavior began to emerge munities. Although many of in a handful of tribal commu- are individuals who will form these same social issues are gang cliques and “crews” out- nities, primarily in the faced by juveniles and young Southwest, Northwest and side the realm of a family con- adults in other parts of the text. Increasingly, however, Midwest regions of the country. country, the lack of resources By the mid to late 1990s, how- interviews reveal that a certain to deal with these problems in degree of gang claiming is ever, and more specifically dur- Indian Country tends to exac- ing the last five to seven years, actually about opposition erbate the situation and per- between family structures. significant increases in gang petuate destructive behavior activity have occurred in an such as gang activity. increasing number of tribal communities. CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – Notably, however, the emer- CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – PROTECTION gence and growth of gang FAMILIAL CONFLICT Protection is the primary reason many youth in Indian activity in Indian Country has little or nothing to do with Increasingly, however, a Country give for their involve- urban gang members infiltrat- pattern of gang behavior has ment in gang activity. This ing tribal communities to start emerged in Indian Country theme is consistently heard in gang “chapters” or “sets.” that is seen to be connected field interviews with gang- directly to family affiliation and involved subjects, mainly ado- Rather, the behavior most animosity between families frequently involves certain lescents, and is a very real and within the tribal community. powerful dynamic in under- Native Americans residing in Because many tribal communi- such communities choosing standing the motivation behind ties are relatively small and claiming affiliation in an Indian this path of behavior. close-knit, this pattern makes 10 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Country gang. The real or per- family influences. Field inter- lifestyle depicted and portrayed ceived need to “claim” gang views consistently reveal that in music (gangster rap), affiliation for self-protection is many adolescents in Indian movies, television, interactive one of the most, if not the most Country who are gang-involved video games, magazines and powerful influencing factor in have older siblings or cousins, via the Internet, young Native much of the Indian Country and sometimes parents, who Americans, like all youth and gang activity that is occurring. are or were involved in the young adults, can learn about This is not to suggest that behavior as well. While the pre- the gang lifestyle regularly and all Indian Country gangs form dominant age range for most consistently. Added to this or exist for that sole purpose. Indian Country gang activity is equation is the popular image There are also the elements of 12 to 19 years, gang behavior of the “successful gangster” individuals choosing the gang in tribal communities is projected by some components as a replace- increasingly seen at younger of the mainstream media, ment for the ages, and may resulting in a flawed image of family because occur as early gang life that certain Native being in a as elementary American youth seek to emu- gang offers the school years. late as a means to cope with or promise of At the oppo- compensate for their social love, attention, site end of the condition. While the great respect and age spectrum majority of youth in Indian belonging – are the individ- Country do not emulate the elements that uals who main- gang activity they see, read are often tain their gang and hear about through the absent or min- affiliation well media, certain young people imized in the into their adult identify with the gangster lives of many years. Notably, lifestyle and seek to replicate individuals who choose the many of these individuals will such behavior in their commu- path of gang behavior. be more covert about their nities and schools. There is also the element of gang involvement, but they are fascination with the gang often a powerful influencing lifestyle, peer pressure to claim factor behind gang activity that CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – is occurring at the adolescent gang affiliation, the desire to appear to be “cool” and the level. This dynamic portends JAIL AND PRISON feeling of “power” that some that gang activity will continue INFLUENCE individuals experience when to grow within the Native Yet another contributing claiming to belong to a specific American population as a gen- element is the influence of gang, particularly one that has erational model of gang activity prison gang activity. Gang a reputation in the tribal com- continues to emerge. activity occurs in many tribal, munity or school. state and federal correctional Still, protection has emerged CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – facilities and a certain degree as a core and consistent predic- tor of gang involvement in MEDIA INFLUENCE of “gang education” occurs in this environment. Field inter- many tribal communities. Aside from the personal and views reveal that the gangster family dynamics that con- mentality is often learned in tribute to gang involvement, CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – there are also three primary this environment, resulting in a transplanting of gang behav- FAMILY GANG “external influencing factors” ior back into the tribal commu- INVOLVEMENT that are important to consider. One of these factors is media nity after an incarcerated indi- Another predictor of gang influence, in that with the vidual has been released from involvement in Indian Country “mainstreaming” of the gang custody. In fact, several inter- is parental, sibling or extended views have revealed that hav- Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 11 Gangs RMIN Special Report ing served time in prison or jail CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – Gangster Crips, Native Gangster Disciples, etc. Gang structures is seen by some individuals as a “rite of passage” into the MINIMIZATION AND DENIAL also form with unique names, Finally, the attitudes of e.g., The Boyz, Odd Squad, Red gang world, to the extent that minimization and denial con- Nation Klique, etc., but the typi- individuals have been shown tinue to be prevalent in many “respect” for their incarceration cal trend involves claiming affili- tribal communities, and ation with a nationally recog- time. remain connected to the false nized gang structure. The pur- This does not suggest that perception that “real” gang pose of this revolves around the all tribal members who serve activity is an urban-based prob- instant name recognition asso- jail or prison time are indoctri- lem that can’t affect tribal com- ciated with claiming affiliation nated into the gang life, but munities in a truly negative with a nationally known gang, the evidence and information form. These attitudes are typi- as well as the perception of cally prevalent in tribal commu- power and respect associated points to a growing connection nities that are experiencing an with claiming the name. While between prison gangs and the emerging gang problem. transplanting of such behavior this is a hybrid form of gang However, in tribal communities behavior, it is nonetheless the back into tribal communities. with more entrenched gang same gangster mentality which problems, acknowledgment of is at the core of gang violence, the legitimacy of the problem is CONTRIBUTING FACTORS – more likely to occur. Still, the criminality and anti-social behavior. URBAN GANG INFLUENCES tendency to downplay or mini- However, there are excep- mize gang activity continues to Another influencing factor tions to the hybrid rule. Native be the primary reasons for the is that of urban gang influ- continued growth of the gang Mob, for example, has its roots ences. Earlier in this essay it problem, as does the feeling of in Minneapolis, Minnesota, was mentioned that the growth helplessness in understanding through connections with the of the gang problem in Indian how to deal with the behavior. Vice Lords street gang. In the Country does not tend to mid-1990s, Native Mob became involve urban gangs moving to an independent Native reservation communities to NATIVE AMERICAN GANGS - American gang structure and is start “chapters” or “sets.” TYPE AND STYLE currently active on many reser- vations in Minnesota, as well as However, an urban influence Like many street gangs in the Minnesota prison system. does exist in the form of trans- across the country, the great Native Mob is more structured planted gang behavior. majority of Native American than many Native American Research has revealed that a street gangs are loose-knit and gangs and is closest to being certain amount of gang activity unorganized, with little or no considered an organized Native involves tribal members who organizational hierarchy. Many American street gang. move away from the tribal of these gangs are small, and may be comprised of only five- In the state and federal community to an urban area, prison system there are several or have gang-involved friends 20 subjects. Native American-based gangs or relatives in an urban area, For the most part, the type that tend to follow a more rigid and bring such behavior back and style of gang activity in organizational pattern, includ- to the tribal community. Indian Country can best be ing Warrior Society (Arizona), described as a “hybrid” form of Indian Pride Organization While no firm statistical gang behavior. The majority of data exists to support the (Oregon) and Indian gangs in tribal communities Brotherhood (Oklahoma), to degree or extent of such activi- adopt the names and symbols name a few. These gangs have ty, field interviews, once again, of urban gangs, identifying a code that members must fol- support that such activity is themselves by such names as low and adhere to, and each occurring. Native Gangster Bloods, Native actively recruits new members, 12 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report not only in correctional facili- munity poses a threat to a trib- abuse issues endemic to many ties, but also within many trib- al gang, other native gang such communities, as well as al communities. members, regardless of their taking advantage of limited law affiliation, will group together enforcement resources and the to confront this outside threat. ability to assimilate within the OPPOSING GANG community. STRUCTURES Another interesting aspect FEMALE GANG As gang activity continues to increase across Indian of gang behavior in Indian INVOLVEMENT Country, it can be logically Country has to do with the Yet another increasing gang expected that drug activity will relationship between individu- dynamic in Indian Country is increase as well and will als involved in opposing gang female involvement in the gang become a more frequent aspect structures. While the potential subculture. While most gang- of gang behavior. for violence is always constant involved individuals continue between rival gang members, to be males, female involve- there is often a “leave each ment has escalated, both in CRIMINAL JUSTICE other alone” attitude that terms of females associated CONSIDERATIONS exists in many tribal communi- with male gangs and females Another important consid- ties, schools and housing forming their own gangs. This, eration in this discussion areas. In other words, individu- too, follows national gang pat- involves the fact that many als are free to claim and repre- terns in that gang behavior Native Americans who are sent their gang affiliation with- increasingly involves females involved in gangs, crime and out undue concern that they on a national level. drug activity do not feel threat- will be attacked or victimized ened that their behavior will be by a rival for doing so. This symbiotic relationship is most THE GANG AND DRUG addressed through the tribal criminal justice system. Part of frequently seen in school envi- CONNECTION this perception is due to the ronments, but also occurs in Of the many concerns con- relative lack of law enforcement many tribal communities. The nected to the growth of gang officers in Indian Country and fact that such a relationship is activity in Indian Country, one the lack of detention or jail known in the community tends of the most prevalent is the facilities in many tribal com- to lessen the concern that gang connection between gang activ- munities. violence will occur because there is the appearance or ity and drug activ- A number of impression that everyone gets ity. While the typi- tribes have to along with each other. The flaw cal trend is toward transport arrest- in this attitude is that violence drug usage among ed subjects can erupt between gang- gang-involved indi- many miles to a involved individuals at any viduals, there is holding facility, time, given the right set of cir- increasing evi- resulting in sig- cumstances, whether it be an dence of drug dis- nificant down- act of disrespect or the desire tribution activity time for officers, to exact revenge for a real or connected to gang which adds to perceived insult or slight. activity in certain the lack of a tribal communi- strong law Notably, a number of sub- ties. As well, a enforcement jects interviewed have revealed number of tribal presence in the that despite the hatred and communities are community. animosity gang members in known to have been identified Many tribes are also struggling tribal communities often and targeted, specifically by with inadequate numbers of express for each other, there is also the attitude that if a gang Mexican drug distributors who prosecutors and judges, as well from “outside” the tribal com- seek to exploit the substance as federal laws that limit the Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 13 Gangs RMIN Special Report amount of time criminal defen- approach. Such an approach tribal communities and to dants can be sentenced to in must involve collaboration and gang-involved individuals. tribal court. All of these ele- cooperation between law While there must certainly be ments contribute to the per- enforcement and community an effective law enforcement ception that little or no conse- agencies and organizations in approach to the gang issue in quence for criminal behavior order to be effective. any community, there must will occur at the tribal court Tribal communities that also be effective intervention level. Also, the perceived lack recognize gang behavior in its and prevention programs that of law enforcement effective- early stages and take steps to seek to strengthen families, ness in dealing with gang and effectively mitigate the behavior traditional culture and individ- drug issues results in a degree have an opportunity to effec- ual lives, because gang behav- of empowerment for those tively mitigate the growth of the ior is always interconnected to involved in the behavior, who problem, and some tribal com- other underlying issues that believe they can engage in munities are taking such steps. contribute to its growth and such behavior with impunity. manifestation. Having said this, there are Finally, while it is impor- also tribal law enforcement COMMUNITY EDUCATION tant to remember that the agencies that are aggressively One of the core components great majority of Native addressing gang issues and of the community approach American youth and adults are dealing with them effectively. toward dealing with gang not involved in gang behavior, The creation of multi-agency issues effectively is education it is clear that the gang prob- tribal, state and federal task regarding the gangster mentali- lem in Indian Country will con- forces has served to reduce ty and lifestyle. Communities tinue to grow and adversely gang activity by providing a that are educated in under- impact the lives of those who more visible law enforcement standing the gangster mentali- choose this path of behavior. presence and proactive ty and belief system, as well as approach to gang-based crimi- recognition of the manifesta- About the author… nal events. Such task forces tions of gang behavior, are not only address gang behavior Christopher M. Grant (Ret.) is the former much better prepared to recog- through directed patrol, sur- nize and address gang activity. Chief of Detectives of the Rapid City veillance and enforcement This is especially true in (South Dakota) Police Department's operations, but they also pro- schools, where a great deal of Criminal Investigation Division and the vide for positive interaction gang representing and recruit- former commander of the Rapid City between law enforcement and ing occurs. Area Gang Task Force. Grant is a gradu- gang-involved individuals, cre- While there are different atti- ate of the University of South Dakota ating greater potential for effec- tudes about the effectiveness of with a master's degree in Political Science tive communication, as well as gang awareness training, what and is a graduate of the FBI National the potential for changing gang remains true is that informed Academy. Grant is a nationally recog- behavior. communities are better pre- nized gang specialist who has worked on While law enforcement is pared to deal with gang issues more than 50 reservations across the U.S., an important component in than are communities that do conducting gang assessments and provid- addressing gang issues in trib- not understand or recognize al communities, it is by no this destructive behavior. ing gang awareness training services to means the only approach that tribal leaders, educators, law enforcement is needed. One of the denial agencies and community members. Grant attitudes seen in both tribal SUMMARY maintains his law enforcement certifica- and non-tribal communities The precise answer to deal- tion as a Reserve Special Agent for the has to do with the belief that ing with the growing problem South Dakota Division of Criminal gangs are a law enforcement of gang activity in Indian Investigation. He can be reached at problem, when in truth they Country is unknown. What is (605) 431-6520 or via e-mail to are a community problem known is that any approach firstname.lastname@example.org requiring a community-based must be tailored to individual 14 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report A national perspective on OMGs BY STEVE TRETHEWY RMIN ARIZONA FIELD SERVICES COORDINATOR lthough there are area street gangs. In appear- Hollister and 1948 Riverside A hundreds of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (OMGs) throughout the coun- ance, the Mongols are the anti- spit and polish that the Hells Angels are known for. In incidents in California, giving the biker clubs their outlaw nickname. Although they were try, some receive more atten- appearance, they are the not much more than a large tion from law enforcement. stereotypical 1960’s “old gathering of rowdy bikers act- Traditionally, the largest have school” hardcore motorcycle ing like hooligans, one person been known as the “Big Four” – gang. If attitude could have an died due to some careless rid- Hells Angels, Outlaws, appearance, the Mongols ing. The 1953 movie, “The Wild Bandidos and Pagans. Others would epitomize it. They want Ones” with Lee Marvin and gaining notoriety that can rival the reputation of being the Marlon Brando, gave the biker the Big Four include the “baddest” bikers anywhere, as lifestyle what they wanted – the Mongols, Vagos, Sons of demonstrated by their anti- rebel. By the 1960s, the Big Silence, Warlocks, Devils social appearance and attitude. Four were established and Disciples, Gypsy Jokers and Their motto further reflects weaving their way into the Galloping Goose. Often times, their view: “Respect Few, Fear criminal fabric of our culture. they beat the Big Four at their None.” They got a boost from the 1968 “own game.” Case in point is a High profile historical movie “Easy Rider,” starring recent brawl between the Hells events such as the 1947 Gypsy “Captain America” Peter Fonda, Angels and the Mongols at Tour in Hollister, California Dennis Hopper and Jack Harrah’s Casino in Laughlin, (first high profile biker event Nicholson. Nevada in 2002. It ended with recorded), or the 1964 The biggest and fastest three dead Hells Angels and Monterey rape case involving expansion of motorcycle gangs one dead Mongol – Mongols the Hells Angels, or the early occurred during the 1970s won. 1970s wars between the Hells with the addition of more than The Hells Angels are the Angels and the Outlaws, or the 800 clubs. A 1983 FBI report, cornerstone of the outlaw biker Hells Angels and the Mongols, among others, labeled the Big world. It is the oldest, most have carried on through the Four as organized crime. powerful and wealthiest motor- years, giving the gangs their Subsequently the FBI set up cycle gang in the world. It is reputation. Even though the federal task forces and wire tap what other clubs want to be Hells Angels is considered to investigations and many major and has the high profile, spit be the “number one” club, the OMG investigations became and polish of the OMG world. club is viewed by the Big Four law enforcement success sto- Hells Angels don’t believe in as well as other major gangs as ries. justice – they do believe in their nemesis. During the 1990s, biker “just us” (their rules, constitu- gangs began to flourish and tion and bylaws). They live in grow. For instance, the Hells their world, a secret society HISTORY Angels grew from a 72-chapter where typical society norms are Outlaw bikers started to club during the 1980s to near- unknown. become part of the American ly 200 chapters by the end of Conversely, the Mongols are subculture in the 1940s, but the 1990s. The Bureau of the epitome of a street gang on gained steam in the 1960s. The Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms wheels, typically recruiting cornerstone for the culture had (ATF) started working many of membership from Los Angeles been laid with the 1947 these organizations with Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 15 Gangs RMIN Special Report undercover infiltrations, in clubs, but it also has taught the protectors of society – that contrast to the successful wire- members how to be more has been at the forefront of tap cases of the 1980s led by astute bikers; they honed their stopping these guys and now, FBI task forces. skills to survive. They learned some law enforcement want to Today there are more how to use discovery motions in look and act like OMGs. There motorcycle gangs and wannabe court and the has been clubs than ever before. More is use of public known about the outlaw cul- Freedom of Numerous Outlaw Motorcycle accept- ture today, whereas a few Information ance of Act effective- Gang members have begun to outlaws decades ago the culture was draped in secrecy. The code of ly. They again use an existing gesture to that not silence is still key to the OMG learned from notify others that there are only world as evidenced in the way their mis- police nearby. OMG members includes members do business. Top takes and will use a free hand to tap the law secret exchanges are conduct- they learned top of their heads, which is enforce- ed by word of mouth, away from law ment, but enforcements’ supposed to represent the roof politi- from meetings and phones. Assuming their phones are mistakes. lights of a patrol vehicle. This cians, tapped or that a “rat” member Their intelli- signal has been verified by judges, may be phoning information gence meth- members of OMG clubs and has movie out of the meeting are big con- ods been seen numerous times while stars and cerns. At high level meetings, improved, law enforcement was involved in athletes no phones are allowed and and like law who enforcement, mobile or stationary surveillance embrace sweeps and pat downs are common. Polygraphs are they too were of OMG clubs. the biker administered and even the successful at culture. motto of the Hells Angels, infiltrations. The Robin “Three people will keep a secret Intimidation, a biker trade- Hood image of the big bad if two are dead,” is taken to mark, has not diminished. biker with a heart of gold col- heart. Successful cases against lecting toys for needy kids has bigger gangs are occurring left an indelible image of posi- more frequently as officers IMAGE: SMOKE SCREENS & tive behavior in the minds of infiltrate gangs, and high level PUBLIC RELATIONS the public. The image of a turncoats leave gangs to cut The image of the 1960s bik- Christmas-time photo in the sentencing deals. With books ers has changed. Bikers are newspaper of a toy toting Hells authored by big name outlaws more educated and business Angel, Bandido, or Outlaws like Hells Angel legend Sonny savvy. Their PR machine works should not minimize what Barger and Mongols former well and uninformed citizens OMGs represent – violence and International President Doc have bought into their bad boy drugs. OMGs want to have it Cavazos, as well as ATF agents image. Other social organiza- both ways, and seem to be Billy Queen and Jay Dobyns tions have bought into the succeeding. who successfully infiltrated the biker culture and even more The public doesn’t often see Mongols and Hells Angels, we disturbing, cops have bought the flip side of the biker cul- are learning more about the into the image, starting up ture – the criminal activity that biker secret society. bike clubs that in some cases includes murder, assault, ATF has conducted major rival the image of outlaws, rapes, intimidation, thefts, for- cases since the 1990s on the complete with patches, tattoos, gery, drugs, weapons charges, Hells Angels, Outlaws, club runs, bylaws, and most etc. The Margo Compton mur- Bandidos, Vagos, Mongols, upsetting, the attitude. Sadly, der case of the 1970s or the Sons of Silence, and Warlocks. the OMG tentacles have Billy Grondalski murder case This has hurt these major reached into the last bastion – of the 1980s should prove to 16 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report anyone that these gangs are found the independent RUB (Maryland); Outlaws in the truly dangerous. In each of (Rich Urban Biker) an enjoy- North and Southeast (Illinois these cases, families of four able lifestyle, some even daring and Florida); and Bandidos to were killed – four of them chil- to cross the line into criminal the South (Texas). Within a dren as young as five years behavior. short period of time, the old, and twin girls age seven. Somehow, looking bad is Outlaws spread east and south; People must realize that looking good. The movie and the Bandidos spread northwest. OMGs are not a bunch of fun television industry, clothing The Hells Angels spread north loving, toy toting good guys and fashion manufactures and east. The Pagans focused delivering gifts to needy kids. have all benefitted from this their growth primarily in eastern The investigations are stagger- attitude; many states and were the ing and go on and on. The inci- charities have too. only one of the Big dents, beginning with Hollister, The perception of Four that didn’t go on through the years and what the true out- eventually become have shaped our image of the law biker is about an international OMG culture and no amount of has been twisted club. spin, public relations or veneer and turned into an Today, the Hells should make a bit of difference acceptable part of Angels continues its in exposing what the gangs our culture. Citizens quest for domi- stand for. don’t often see the nance and is locat- Schmoozing the public has crimes, and victims ed in almost 50 provided OMGs with an are often kept in percent of the improved image, taking the check by intimida- states. The big spotlight off the terror and hor- tion, so the crime clubs are now over- ror they mete out and overrid- goes unreported and lapping into other ing the malicious side of their the public remains in the dark gang territories, clouding the culture. The bad boy look is about biker crimes. Biker map and blurring lines of popular today with many. crimes are frequently not demarcation. Colorado has OMGs, like the rest of society, reported as such or kept away more major clubs -- including have learned how to fit in and from juries as prejudicial and Hells Angels, Bandidos, change as needed. Riding hun- the biker element or gang Outlaws, Sons of Silence, dreds of miles on a chopped involvement is often unknown Vietnam Vets and Mongols -- hard tail into a campground on to juries. than any other state. a run isn’t reality as it was “Are there still Hells Angels Internationally, the Hells decades ago. Even hard core out there?” or “They’re not so Angels has spread to 30 coun- outlaws are known to trailer bad anymore,” or “They do tries, with the Bandidos and their factory cushioned Harleys Toys for Tots,” are statements Outlaws having chapters in to a hotel to stay for a relaxing that minimize what OMGs real- about half as many countries. weekend run, giving them ly stand for. Unfortunately, as In terms of membership, the access to showers, computers, a society we have accepted and Bandidos are probably as big laundry, and restaurant food. embraced it as mainstream as the Hells Angels, but are in The years have changed their and socially acceptable. fewer countries, which would image, but it hasn’t changed account for larger member- loyalty to their clubs or their ships in individual chapters. zest for power and crime. GROWTH AND SUPPORT Other major clubs including The growth of motorcycle Looking at a map of the the Mongols, Vagos, Gypsy clubs has forged a new social United States 30 or 40 years Jokers, Sons of Silence and culture that has become part ago, it would have been obvious Vietnam Vets have also become of the American way of life. where the major OMGs were: international clubs with some Even those not involved in an The Hells Angels in the West surpassing the Pagans in OMG or social biker clubs have (California); Pagans in the East membership. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 17 Gangs RMIN Special Report In a 2009 congressional home from the mid-eastern OMGs, it’s similar in that the report, motorcycle gangs were wars to join. They call them- club with the most power or identified as transnational selves the Legacy Vets. The territory wins – as though they gangs known for carrying out Vietnam Vets and Legacy Vets own it. They believe that they crimes including drugs, stolen are one club with two names. have control over others, to the motorcycles, assaults and Other clubs including the point that they “allow” who can murder. Examples include the Sin City Disciples, Chosen Few wear colors of other clubs into Hells Angels running drugs and East Bay Dragons are “their territory,” truly a gang from South America to Canada restricted to African mentality. Confederations and and from South Africa to Americans; the Narbones and coalitions of motorcycle clubs Arizona. Other crimes included Rez Riders are open to Native have been set up nationally a Hells Angel from Canada and Americans. There are female and by state. They serve as a one from the U.S. shooting clubs including the Devil Dolls type of lobbying organization or Outlaws a few years ago in and Dykes on Bikes. More voice for biker rights, legisla- Sturgis, South Dakota, and recently, some sport bike clubs tion (no helmet laws), attor- Outlaws killing a Canadian are starting to factor into the neys, etc. A common topic at Hells Angel in England. OMG culture as well. One of their meetings has been law- Another situation involved a the larger sport bike clubs suits against law enforcement. Hells Angel from Europe known as the Ruff Ryders are These coalitions and confeder- attempting to kill a U.S. federal wearing Hells Angel support ations also control which clubs agent. A Hells Angel on the run patches. Uniquely, they are a are allowed in their areas and for a murder that occurred in mixed-race club unlike the “no are assessed dues. The confed- Mesa, Arizona was identified in Blacks allowed” Hells Angels eration and coalitions in the Canada riding with the club. OMG, yet Ruff Ryders show various states are further con- Aside from OMGs, there are support for the Hells Angels. trolled by the more powerful other biker clubs across the Other information has indicat- gangs in that state. Disputes country that don’t fit into the ed the Latin Kings street gang over territory have caused most OMG mold but may be consid- is starting a sport bike club of the major OMG assaults and ered “fringe clubs” that are vis- called the Kings Knights. There murders. There have been ible at OMG get-togethers. Law has been a relationship more “bottom rocker” (patch enforcement tends to work the between the Outlaws OMG and designating state) wars than major OMGs, paying little the Latin Kings in the Illinois any other reason for biker con- attention to these fringe clubs. area for years. flict. In Arizona, for example, While these clubs dabble in the Dirty Dozen battled it out Many of these clubs have petty crimes, they don’t fit the with the Outlaws, Devils some peripheral involvement definition of being an outlaw Diciples, Sons of Silence, Bad with the OMGs, dabbling in the club, yet have the potential Company, Seekers, Vagos and lifestyle and some crimes; how- opportunity to work their way Mongols over the right to wear ever, with the exception of a into becoming outlaws. These the Arizona bottom rocker. few, these clubs are not con- clubs are usually made up of Many gang members were sidered outlaw clubs. individuals sharing the same murdered or assaulted over Although many aspects of that “right” and this is com- social interests, profession, OMGs have remained consis- mon practice among OMGs all cultural background or race. tent over the years, there have over the world. A major national U.S. veter- been some changes. ans club is the Vietnam Vets. Smaller clubs are also mov- Unchanged is the posturing ing into the Big Four’s areas. The club was built as a dying for power and territory. OMGs These interlopers are being club: Only Vietnam veterans use intimidation, assaults and given the blessing from the can be members and as mem- murder to maintain control of major gang controlling the bers die, membership dwindles various territories. It’s like the area, and if not, dissipate with- until the club dies out. A deci- old adage, “He who dies with in a short time. New York has sion allowed veterans returning the most toys wins.” With 18 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report had bloodshed between gence to the major clubs. In on the club. An example of Outlaws, Pagans, Hells Angels some instances, members of that was the Dirty Dozen in and smaller gangs for years, to the support club will patch up Arizona. The Dirty Dozen was include the 1990s Lancaster and become a member of the the premier outlaw motorcycle Speedway shootings where the dominant club. Support clubs gang in Arizona for 30 years presidents of the Hells Angel have become part of the main- when they started prospecting and Outlaws were killed in the stream existence of the bigger as Hells Angels. Just prior to gun battle, or the 2002 gangs, and function much like prospecting, Dirty Dozen mem- Hellraisers Ball when 75 the low rung hangaround does bers were seen wearing red Pagans attacked the Hells within the hierarchy of a club. and White t-shirts (Hells Angel Angels only to be on the losing The Outlaws have a major colors), with lettering that said end with one murdered Pagan. support club called the Black “Come in peace, or leave in There was bloodshed in Pistons with a patch that has pieces.” The Hells Angels chose Outlaws-controlled Illinois and some Outlaw similarities and the top 60 members out of 120 Indiana when the Hells Angels the Black and White color Dirty Dozen to start prospect- took over the long standing scheme of the Outlaws. The ing as potential Hells Angels. Hells Henchmen in the mid- Bandidos, on the other hand, Only 42 members successfully 1990s. The Outlaws started seem to have more support became fully patched Hells assassinating Hells Angels for clubs than any of the major Angels. moving into their territory. gangs. When on a major run, • An OMG can put in a new Conversely, Colorado has the Bandidos typically have club (support club). The club had more major OMGs than 15-20+ support clubs traveling will then act on its own under any other state with Hells with them, unlike others that the guidance of the major club. Angels, Bandidos, Outlaws, may have a couple of clubs An example of this was when Sons of Silence and Mongols, that attend major runs. This the Hells Angels put in the Red but it has been fairly low key makes the Bandidos look like a Demons in Nevada. and other than minor skir- much bigger organization than Unfortunately for the Red mishes, OMGs avoid one it is. The Bandido colors are Demons (and fortunately for another. Interestingly, there gold with red lettering and law enforcement), the Red has been a tit-for-tat Hells Bandido support clubs typical- Demons flunked the test and Angel/Bandido thing going on ly wear a reverse color scheme, did not become Hells Angels. where the clubs have been red backgrounds with gold let- They didn’t stay Red Demons “testing” each other by con- tering. Recently, the newer either, because they had been ducting their national runs in support clubs for the Hells infiltrated by Las Vegas Metro the other gang’s territories. Angels are seen with colors Police Department officers. The This has continued with little involving lots of red color with Red Devils in Orange County, consequence. However, the flaming skulls, or ball peen California did pass the test and opportunity did present itself hammers or other symbolism eventually became Hells at the 2007 Hells Angel USA that trained investigators know Angels. Run in Eureka Springs, is Hells Angels-connected. In addition to clubs associ- Arkansas (Bandido state). The Support stickers on their ating with their support clubs, Bandidos were thumped and motorcycles are also a good they are also known to associ- bloodied for making their pres- indicator of their allegiance. ate with other gangs, groups ence known near the Hells Other than adding member- and countercultures. There is Angels Run. ship to an existing club, ample documentation of OMGs Support/puppet clubs and expansion of the gangs occurs associating with prison gangs associates give the major clubs one of two ways: (Aryan Brotherhood and a layer of insulation and keep • An OMG will take over an Mexican Mafia), Los Cosa OMGs away from the eyes of existing club and typically have Nostra/mafia, KKK and other law enforcement. They also members prospect, usually six White supremacists groups, supply security and intelli- months to a year, depending drug cartels, and street gangs. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 19 Gangs RMIN Special Report In rare instances, there has the criminal world. come to enjoy the camaraderie been documentation of a con- Historically, gangs are just and freedom the lifestyle repre- nection to a Chinese Triad as bad now as they were years sents. What was once a (Canada) and Lebanese and ago, but they have learned how lifestyle for the outlaws has other Mideastern groups. There to survive – functioning differ- become blurred as other are rare instances where mem- ently through the years, learn- aspects of society have bought bers are “double patched,” ing how to use the system to into it. Growth, power, violence meaning that they not only their advantage, putting on a and territory are present and associate with, but belong to layer of insulation using asso- important to their existence as an OMG as well as another ciations with other they continue their global organization (street gang, groups/gangs and counter cul- expansion. The image of the prison gang, KKK, skinhead, tures, as well as through pub- outlaw on a motorcycle with etc.). This compounds the lic relations techniques previ- the three-piece patch brings problems and creates a com- ously explained. The bad boy about very powerful imagery of plex gang network. This gives image is popular in today’s cul- intimidation – a trademark of gangs more power and ability ture, and others not involved their culture which demands to be crime connected and to in the criminal culture have respect. operate more effectively within About the author… Steve Trethewy served with the Arizona Department of Public Safety from 1975-99 and joined RMIN as a Field Services Coordinator, Arizona, upon retirement from DPS. Trethewy helped develop the Arizona Gang Investigator’s Association and the Tri-State Intelligence Association and is a member of the board of the International Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigator’s Association. He has published numerous articles on street, prison and motorcycle gangs in publications including Police Chief, Law & Order and in the RMIN Bulletin. He was interviewed as a resource for background information on two documentaries on the Discovery Channel regarding Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs and was interviewed on air for the History Channel’s Gangland series on the Hells Angels. 20 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Aryan gangs of Idaho BY TIMOTHY HIGGINS INVESTIGATION INTELLIGENCE COORDINATOR IDAHO DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTION daho has become known that attracted White suprema- shotgun to an informant. I nationally for two things: potatoes and unfortu- nately, Aryans. cists from around the country and held widely publicized marches through Weaver refused to show up for trial, triggering the August 1992 shootout A relatively small number of downtown Coeur with federal anti-government extremists d'Alene that drew agents at Ruby were actually behind Idaho’s many more protest- Ridge, Idaho. Aryan reputation but due to ers than partici- Weaver’s son the level of violence they pants. Aryan Nations and wife and a employed, they managed to win became the parent deputy U.S. national notoriety. These organization for a Marshal were extremists were attracted to number of violent killed during the the dense woods and high splinter groups that gun battle with mountain ranges in Idaho’s terrorized the United federal authori- northern panhandle that pro- States during the ties. vided remote and easy access 1980s. In July 1998, Victoria to surrounding states and the In September 1983, Aryan Keenan and her son Jason were Canadian border. They found Nations supporter Robert shot at by Aryan Nations securi- the area ideal for establishing a Mathews formed an Aryan ter- ty staff during a car chase near base for their operations. rorist group called “The Order.” the Aryan Nations compound. The Order launched a crime The Southern Poverty Law spree that included robbing Center won a $6.3 million judg- IDAHO’S HISTORY OF armored cars, printing coun- ment against the Aryan Nations ARYAN GANGS terfeit money, bombing a syna- for the Keenans. The Aryan Aryan Nations is behind gogue in Boise, Idaho and Nations lost possession of its most of Idaho’s Aryan assassinating Jewish talk-radio compound, which was later reputation. The original host Alan Berg in turned into a “peace park.” Aryan Nations arose Denver, Colorado. Richard Butler died a few years from a Christian During the July later and the Aryan Nations was Identity religious group 1986 conference, Aryan quiet until recently. founded in California in Nations Security Chief David Dorr formed “The the 1940s. Richard Butler was an aero- Order II” which was TODAY’S IDAHO space engineer for Lockheed responsible for exploding three ARYAN GANGS who moved to northern Idaho pipe bombs in Coeur d'Alene, The Aryan Nations in the 1970s, bought 20 acres including one at the U.S. (Christian Identity) have of land near Idaho’s Hayden Courthouse. recently been distributing fliers Lake, and set up a compound In January 1991, Randy and recruiting new members which became known as the Weaver, who regularly attended while trying to create a new Church of Jesus Christ Aryan Nations gatherings, was “world headquarters” in Idaho. Christian, Aryan Nations. He arrested for selling a sawed-off Their latest web site lists hosted annual conventions Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 21 Gangs RMIN Special Report Coeur d’Alene residents Jerald in the Oregon Prison System. Inmates eventually made the O’Brien and Michael Lombard There are approximately 15 term Peckerwood a source of as the new leaders of the Aryan members in Idaho prisons. pride in the late 1980s. In Nations. The Aryan Nations is They are closely aligned with addition to various Nazi sym- a common name that is used the Aryan Knights and are bols, Peckerwoods usually dis- by 11 different groups operat- openly accepted as equals. The play the phrases “Peckerwood,” ing nationally that claim north- European Kindred exhibit the “Pure Peckerwood,” “100% ern Idaho as their homeland. traditional Nazi symbols to Pure Wood,” “Pure Peck,” “Pure There are approximately 50 denote their White supremacy Wood,” “Peckerwood Inc,” Aryan Nations members in ideology and typically display “Peckerwood Tribe,” “100% Idaho prisons today. Aryan the initials “EK” inside a shield Peckerwood,” or images of the Nations members frequently to indicate set affiliation. woodpecker bird. Female mem- exhibit Nazi symbols to denote bers are commonly referred to their White supremacy ideology as “Featherwoods.” and typically display the ini- MEMBER PROFILE The American Outlaws tials “AN,” the phrase “Aryan The Skinheads (Neo-Nazi / (Neo-Confederate) were first Nations,” and/or the Aryan Neopagans) in Idaho are some- identified on the streets of Nations’ emblem to indicate times known as “Yard Skins” Idaho Falls in eastern Idaho in affiliation with the organiza- and include members from the 2007. There are approximately tion. Nazi Low Riders, Public Enemy 30 known members. While The Aryan Knights (Neo- Number 1 (PEN1), membership is restricted to Confederate) is Idaho’s largest Hammerskins and various Whites only, this is primarily a and most powerful Aryan other skinhead gangs. There criminal organization with a prison gang with more than are approximately 120 known focus on drug trafficking. Harsh 200 known members. The gang members of this group. Their punishments are dispensed to was formed in the early 1990s symbols include crossed ham- those who prove to be disloyal at the Idaho Maximum mers and various Celtic, or don’t perform assigned tasks. Security Institution and is a Odinist and Nazi symbols. Last year, an American Outlaw profit-based criminal organiza- They claim to be Odinists and member who did not meet tion. The Aryan Knights exhibit follow the teachings of David expectations had his “AO” tattoo the traditional Nazi symbols to Lane. They frequently display cut off his chest. Members are denote their White supremacy “14,” representing Lane’s 14 tattooed with “American ideology and frequently display words, “We must secure the Outlaw,” “AO,” and/or the Iron the initials “AK,” the phrase existence of our people and a Cross, sometimes with an anar- “Aryan Knight,” and/or the future for White children” and chy symbol in the center to numbers “1 - 11” which repre- “88” representing Lane’s 88 show set affiliation. sents the 1st and 11th letters precepts and/or the eighth let- The Psychotic Soldiers (Neo- of the alphabet (AK). There are ter of the alphabet twice mean- Nazi) were first identified in the two smaller Aryan Knight sub- ing “Heil Hitler.” Idaho State Correctional sets known as Irish Assassins The Peckerwoods (Neo- Institution in 2008. There are and Insane Outlaws that serve Confederate) are a loose organ- approximately 25 known mem- primarily as their contract ization in Idaho that perform bers. It was formed by a group muscle. These subsets fre- tasks and serve as a recruiting of skinheads who felt the other quently display the initials “IO” pool for the more powerful Aryan gangs were too passive. or “IA.” Aryan Knights. There are The gang set out to make a David Patrick Kennedy approximately 70 known name for itself through acts of founded the European Kindred Peckerwood members in Idaho. violence. Other gangs frequent- (Neo-Confederate) in 1998 in Coined in the 19th century, ly pay the Psychotic Soldiers to Eastern Oregon’s Snake River “Peckerwood” or “Wood” is a perform collections and con- Correctional Institution. It is derogatory term used to tract hits. Members display the one of the most powerful gangs describe poor rural Whites. letters “PS” and Nazi symbols. 22 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report IDAHO ARYAN GANGS Many of the Aryan religious ed resources. We will continue groups continue to let fear and to identify gang members as OF TOMORROW paranoia drive their hatred of early as possible and carefully The Aryans of tomorrow non-Whites. They view their track them as they move appear to be dividing into three incarcerated members as pris- through the system through basic types based on their ide- oners of war. They reportedly our intelligence sharing net- ology. These include Neo- have been stockpiling firearms works. Working together we Confederate groups, Christian and ammunition based on will be able to meet any chal- Identity or Creativity Movement their belief that President lenge the future may present. religious groups, and Neo-Nazi Barack Obama will restrict groups. their ability to buy additional The modern Neo- weapons. Their members fre- Confederate Aryan gang mem- quently choose to serve their ber places more emphasis on full sentence in order to avoid operating a criminal having a parole offi- enterprise and much cer in their homes or About the author… less on being a around their families. Timothy Higgins served for 10 years in White supremacist. This makes it more the U.S. Air Force as a Security Police We have seen these difficult for criminal Manager, obtaining the rank of Aryan gangs employ- justice officials to Technical Sergeant. He has worked for ing more modern monitor their organi- the Idaho Department of Correction technology in their zation and intercede in criminal activity. since October 1989 and currently serves methods of operation as a Program Coordinator in the and entering into Today’s Neo-Nazi alliances with non- group seems to care Central Office, providing oversight for White gangs for little about the revo- the investigation, intelligence and business purposes. lutionary creation of Security Threat Group Management It has become common to find a fascist political state but Programs statewide. He is the creator of Aryan Knights joining forces focuses on simple hatred of the website www.Idaho Gangs.com and with the Sureno gangs when it homosexuals, sex offenders is a member of the northwest Gang serves their purpose. We have and non-Whites. They rebel Investigators Association. He has served found these Aryan gangs have against any type of authority as Idaho’s State representative for the been investing in legitimate over them and make it their National Major Gang Task Force since small businesses that employ mission to break all the rules. 2001. He earned a degree in criminology their members on the street If they want something, they and are currently sponsoring simply take it from the weaker from the University of Maryland and is some of their members in inmates, by force if necessary. an adjunct instructor for Boise State Ultimate Fighting competitions. They travel in packs like University’s Criminal Justice Our local gyms have become a wolves, feeding on the weaker Department in gang management. common meeting place for members of the pack. Higgins chairs a multi-agency subcom- Aryan gang members on the Idaho is working to develop mittee for the Idaho Criminal Justice streets. a statewide systems approach Commission that is developing a The number of Aryan reli- for dealing with the anticipated statewide strategy for dealing with gious groups and anti-govern- gang problems of tomorrow. Idaho’s growing gang problem. Higgins ment extremists are steadily Joint agency task forces, a new can be reached at email@example.com increasing, both nationally and Criminal Intelligence Sharing or (208)658-2134. in Idaho. The anti-immigration Center and the statewide de- movement and most recently confliction of criminal investi- the election of a Black presi- gations have enabled Idaho’s dent of the United States criminal justice agencies to sparked much of this growth. maximize the use of our limit- Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 23 Gangs RMIN Special Report 24 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Evolution of gangs in Arizona BY FRANK “PACO” MARCELL rizona natives relate Surenos come from communi- shows they are more career A that gangs, particular- ly street gangs, have been around for several ties throughout Arizona and California. Many grew up in Hispanic neighborhoods or criminals than racial ideo- logues, and many have close friendships with Mexican- decades. barrios steeped in the gang Americans and other races. From the mid 1970s, the culture and most were mem- The Border Brothers are Aryan Brotherhood, Mexican bers of a street gang. strictly Mexican nationals. Mafia and Mau Mau prison Generally, their pattern of They formed to protect them- gangs came into existence at crime started at an early age selves, as is common with all the Florence Complex, Arizona with stints in and out of the the other prison groups, as Department of Corrections juvenile justice system, county well as to seek power. Its initial (ADOC). These groups formed jails and eventually ending up membership was from the along racial lines, and immedi- incarcerated in the adult most criminally oriented of the ately initiated a campaign to prison system. Mexican national prison popu- control all illegal activities The Aryan Brotherhood, lation. From the onset, Border within the prison yards. They from inception to the present, Brothers were willing to face off also began a recruitment drive has been the undisputed rulers against the established New for membership of the most of the White inmate prison Mexican Mafia which resulted criminally orientated among population. Although recent in a riot at the Arizona Prison each race. I am sure, at that assessment indicates they have Complex in Winslow in 1997. time, prison administrators lost direction and their influ- Historically, second generation could not realize the impact ence today is threatened by a Mexican nationals coming into these groups eventually would large influx of Skinheads who the prison population with the have within the Arizona have steadily come into the street gang mentality of Department of Corrections. prison system in the last five “Wetback Power” sets shunned Nor, in time, that other groups years. Skinheads too, as membership in groups such as including the New Mexican Hispanic criminal gang mem- the Border Brothers. This is Mafia, Border Brothers, bers, have a pattern of criminal true for many other Mexican Warrior Society, Grandels and behavior. Unlike the Hispanics, national inmates who refer to Surenos would form. In addi- the environment and location themselves as Paisas or coun- tion, the ADOC inmate popula- where they grew up seems to trymen. tion has grown to more than play a lesser role as an indica- The Mau Maus have 30,000 inmates and the prison tor of future crime. Their remained the sole Black prison system has expanded to recruitment and membership gang. In the late 1980s, an include several new prison has always been about who is attempt was made by various facilities statewide. willing to take care of business Crips gang set members from The membership of these (that is, conduct assaults or Los Angeles who were incarcer- groups is an interesting study. even murder when called ated in ADOC to form a group It tells a story of their life-long upon). Most have a life-long known as the United Crip commitment to crime and of history of drug abuse and Gang (UCG). This take-over recidivism. infatuation with weapons. They never gained prominence. have gained notoriety as being Originally, the Mau Maus were Mexican-American prison White racist extremists the racial ideologues of all the gangs like the New and Old although, truth from fiction prison groups and today Mau Mexican Mafias, Grandels and Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 25 Gangs RMIN Special Report Mau membership has largely advancement of their criminal Complex, CB-6 search. diminished. The present con- enterprises. Upon release from Detonating cord, blasting caps cern is focusing on the increas- prison, they hook up with fel- and other contraband was ing Black street gang popula- low gang members to form found during the search in the tion due to the FBI Violent cells. They tend to gravitate to possession of suspected Aryan Gang Task Force RICO investi- crimes with the highest vio- Brotherhood members. gations targeting Black street lence potential such as armed • Intelligence collected indicat- gang sets. The prospect of a robbery, drug distribution and ed that there were ties with the group such as the “West Side home invasions or the lucrative Aryan Brotherhood to the then City” Crips, who have an over- profit from identification theft. highly visible nationwide White whelming number of members Since the inception of extremist movement. incarcerated, becoming a prison gangs within the For these reasons, in 1984, Security Threat Group is Arizona prison system, there the first federally funded alarming. have been inter- Prison Gang Task Force (PGTF) In the 1970s nal struggles came into existence. The PGTF when prison with each consisted of a sergeant and gangs, now group. Political squad from the Department of referred to as jockeying for Public Safety (DPS). Also Security Threat power and influ- assigned were two full time Groups (STGs) ence is as com- attorneys and investigators came into exis- monplace to from the state Attorney tence, few in the them as any General’s Office (AG) and per- criminal justice organization. sonnel from the Department of community could This often has Corrections (DOC). predict the effect led to paranoia The goals of the PGTF were they would have and jealousy of multifaceted: upon our state which the result and communi- is a member • Develop a collection plan to ties. being put on a identify all known gang mem- “hit list.” From bers within these groups The sum of their impact on crime, victim- 1977 to 1984 several murders • Identify prison housing ization and applied justice that took place in the prisons assignments and addresses of resources is staggering. They and out on the streets were those out on the streets have become a recruitment attributed to this in-fighting. • Develop sources within the attraction for impressionable The Arizona Department of prison youngsters entering the crimi- Public Safety, Criminal • Utilize intelligence techniques nal justice system. Investigation Bureau, had in prison to disrupt gang and investigators who routinely illegal activities These members possess the responded to these incidents. highest recidivism rate of any • Arrest and prosecute mem- type of criminal. The prison Leading up to 1983, several bers using organized crime environment is their domain significant events involving enhancement statutes and and they are committed to a prison gang members caught without plea bargain life of crime. This commitment, the attention of both prison and law enforcement authori- One of the most important coupled with an outward hos- results that came from the tility toward authority, has ties: PGTF was the creation of the increasingly led to officer- • An upswing of murders and Gang Member Identifying involved shootings and attacks. assaults by Hispanic inmates Criteria (GMIC). GMIC came They routinely tie-up the court was occurring between two fac- about because PGTF prosecu- system with appeals, subpoe- tions. tors were seeking the most nas, and writs and use the • Critical information obtained severe enhanced sentencing system to their advantage and led to the Florence Prison laws. Subsequently, it necessi- 26 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report tated defense attorneys prove unfolding storm in Los Angeles. gained notoriety, an insurgence their clients were not members My recollection, and according of Hispanic gang activity was of an organized criminal enter- to Retired Phoenix Police increasing in Phoenix. prise. During court proceed- Department Detective Alex From 1984 and into the ings, to overcome these objec- Fermina who was a member of 1990s, the street gang problem tives, prosecutors and investiga- the gang squad, was that they was increasing on many fronts. tors needed to provide criteria began receiving information Street gang turf fights and rival- utilizing documentation to sub- from South Mountain Precinct ries had escalated into several stantiate gang membership and that Los Angeles-based Black shootings. Throughout thus, GMIC was written. gangsters were now in Phoenix. Maricopa County, new street Years later, around 1992, At that time, the squad did not gang sets were being identified GMIC was introduced into legis- perceive that a serious gang (in non-traditional neighbor- lation and became new statutes problem existed, but things hoods). Car thefts, increase use under the Arizona Revised were about to change. and sales of drugs and distur- Criminal Code. The distribution of drugs bances at high schools were on From my perspective, the and a bit of entrepreneurship the rise. gang phenomenon that we face from various Los Angeles Black In 1989, the Department of today in Arizona is a direct gang sets obviously led them to Public Safety, Intelligence result of the gang explosion in a potential market in Phoenix, Division, dedicated a squad to California from the 1980s. Until perhaps with the thought that it work gangs under the supervi- that time, gangs had been part would be easy to take over. sion of Sergeant Steve Trethewy of the Los Angeles scene for This was not the case, and who had been working outlaw decades and viewed as a social in time a motorcycle issue confined to the inner city turf war gangs for and various barrios throughout developed years. This Los Angeles. between squad was The catalyst that spawned Phoenix unique for this phenomenon was the intro- and Los its time, in duction of crack cocaine. This Angeles that each product resulted in a Crip and Black gang squad mem- Blood rivalry for the drug trade. sets that ber could Both Crip and Blood members lasted for a specialize in took up arms to eliminate com- few years. street, petition. To enhance their image Eventually, prison or and swagger, they began to after motorcycle dress and emulate in Cholo numerous gangs and style, a long-held tradition of shootings, assist one Hispanic street gangs. This did some another not sit well with members of the reported, when help established Hispanic barrios, many not, was needed who perceived Black street the LA crews were run out of in targeting a specific group. gangs as rivals. As bloodshed Phoenix. The squad also assisted other and body counts increased, Det. Fermina also recalled cities that had no formal gang fueled by a heavy dose of notori- that the event that led to the enforcement. ety by nightly news and from increased resources of dedicated By 1993, the gang problem the entertainment business, a PPD gang squads was a Phoenix was felt throughout Arizona perfect storm of gang warfare Fire Department truck that had both in size and scope. In 1994 was created: soldiers without responded to a fire at 21st the Gang Intelligence Team dedicated uniforms. Street and Broadway and had Enforcement Mission (GITEM) In 1984, when the PGTF was taken fire from suspected gang was created, initiated and created, Phoenix was starting to members. Additionally, as the approved for legislative funding. feel the spin-off from this Los Angeles gang phenomenon GITEM became a multi-agency Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 27 Gangs RMIN Special Report task force with the authority to attorneys to prosecute gang long established smuggling operate anywhere in the state. related crimes. Last but certain- operations (cartels) from Mexico. Its initial concept was based on ly not least, the Maricopa California’s economy, third the Los Angeles Police County Sheriff’s Office has jail strike law and an assortment of Department Metro concept from and phone monitoring units that other ills will drive more and the 1950-60s that handled provide daily service to all crimi- more bad guys to Arizona for problematic and high profile nal justice agencies. autonomy. There will be no crime. GITEM’s first commander The future and evolution of time for denial or loss of was Captain Mike Denney, fol- gangs within Arizona is trouble- resources. Intelligence collec- lowed by Captain David some. Arizona is faced with sev- tion and analysis will be the Gonzales. GITEM was highly eral fronts to be concerned with. key to law enforcement’s suc- successful and after a few years Within the last couple of years, cess in the fight against gangs. in existence, was recognized by the Arizona New Mexican Mafia the National Chiefs of Police has struck an alliance with the Association for its originality California and Federal Mexican and concept. Mafias, groups that are synony- GITEM is still in operation mous with one another and per- today after a few years hiatus haps the largest organized crime due to funding problems. It is group in the nation. Could this About the author… known today as GIITEM, and an allegiance eventually lead to old Frank “Paco” Marcell retired in May aspect of immigration enforce- and new drug transshipment ment has been added. routes from Arizona’s borders, from the Maricopa County Sheriff ’s with control by the Mexican Office after 37 years of service with Today, the gang problem in Arizona is top priority and well it Mafias collectively? various law enforcement and corrections should be. It is an epidemic Mexican national gangs are agencies. He currently is serving on the problem on a national level and attempting to gain a foothold in governing boards of the Arizona Gang according to a recent FBI intelli- Arizona. They remain connected Investigators Association and the gence assessment, gang crime to organized drug and human National Major Gang Task Force. He is may be responsible for 80 per- smuggling groups operating an advisor to the International Latino cent of crime statistics. along the Arizona-Mexico border. Gang Investigators Association and a I have witnessed many posi- All indications show they have targeted Phoenix as the hub and member of the California Gang Task tive changes since I first started distribution centers of these Force. During the last 25 years of his in this specialized field. Arizona now has a gang information commodities. Over the last sev- law enforcement career, Marcell worked repository. The Phoenix Police eral years their propensity for and supervised various prison and street Department has several dedicat- violence is indicative of the gang units. While assigned to the ed gang squads, one of which, numerous unsolved homicides of Arizona Prison Gang Task Force in the Syndicate Squad, works Mexican nationals, who have 1985, he co-authored the Gang Member exclusively on the New Mexican been dumped in rural areas and shot in the head with their Identifying Criteria and conceptualized Mafia. Several other police agen- the Gang Intelligence Team cies throughout the state have hands tied behind their backs. assigned gang detectives. The The accounts of running gun Enforcement Mission with the Arizona Phoenix FBI Violent Gang Task battles along the I-10 east to Department of Public Safety. He has Force has done an excellent job west corridor through Arizona published numerous articles in law on numerous multi-indictment and numerous violent home enforcement journals and has spoken on RICO investigations. The ADOC invasions show these gangs are gang-related topics to groups across the for several years has had a serious. country. Marcell is in the process of Security Threat Group valida- The gang problem through- establishing a consulting business while tion process that has greatly out Arizona is likely to increase. improved the safety and security The flow of drugs and human he continues to meet his public speaking within the prisons. The cargo is too lucrative. Prison and writing commitments. He can be Maricopa County Attorney’s and street gangs will be the reached at firstname.lastname@example.org office has an aggressive staff of intermediaries and soldiers for 28 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report The Wonder Boys BY JOSEPH PRECIADO LEAD BORDER PATROL AGENT YUMA SECTOR INTELLIGENCE UNIT .S. Border Patrol San Luis, Sonora. This area of area and more specifically, to U agents of the Yuma Sector have come in contact more frequently with operation extends to the west and ends at the target The Wonder Boys gang during these organized Sureno (Southern Hispanics) riverbed of “Gang gang members who have family the now Sweeps.” ties in the United States. dry Newspaper Located 25 miles south of Colorado articles Yuma, Arizona, is the small River. The regarding border town of San Luis, Wonder arrests of Arizona. San Luis, Arizona, Boys sup- gang mem- and San Luis, Sonora, Mexico port their bers, particu- share the international border gang larly Wonder that divides the United States endeavors Boys, have from Mexico. It is here that the by com- been pub- border patrol agents have had mitting car lished with a constant conflict with a thefts, regularity in Mexican street gang known as strong the local “Los Wonders” (The Wonder armed robberies, assaults, newspaper and media. Some of Boys) that is identified as a extortion, prostitution and The Wonder Boys arrested Sureno street gang. home invasions, etc. Some have been identified as leaders members have been arrested (Shot Callers) within the gang The area that they control for disorderly conduct, assault by Mexican law enforcement. and operate solely from is on police officers and some Members of The Wonder known as La Colonia Rio, San have been suspects in homi- Boys often frequent the local Luis, Sonora, Mexico. The cides. San Luis, Sonora, dance clubs Wonder Boys have now expanded their criminal net- The Wonder Boys are and have been photographed work and enterprise to popu- known to carry concealed flashing gang signs on the late the other neighborhoods in weapons and caution should dance club website. The tattoo the city of San Luis, Sonora. be taken when encountered by most commonly used by The Wonder Boys are also believed law enforcement or border Wonder Boys is the initials to be presently living in the city patrol agents in the field. W.B. or Wonder Bois in old of San Luis, Arizona. The Mexican Government English script. The Wonder Boys criminal has conducted coordinated The Wonder Boys are not organization is mainly involved street gang operations in San the only Mexican street gang in illegal alien trafficking from Luis, Sonora, in the past few that has been targeted by San Mexico into the United States. years. The operations were Luis, Sonora, law enforcement. They operate along the interna- conducted in order to seek out Another street gang that is tional border fence that sepa- and arrest any street gang active is known by the name rates San Luis, Arizona and members in San Luis, Sonora “Chopas” (unknown meaning). Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 29 Gangs RMIN Special Report Chopas are also located in San translates loosely to the wear- Luis, Sonora. Chopas gang ing of oversized clothing. members or associates live Brands of pants such as Ben near or have congregated in Davis, Friscos or Dickies are the neighborhood known as El worn with an oversized white Callejon (Guerrero 8 Y 9) in T-shirt and Nike Cortez tennis The following are some of San Luis, Sonora. A decal with shoes with blue or black the Sureno street gangs that the wording Chopas and shoelaces. This can be the uni- have been encountered and affixed to the rear windows of form of the day for some arrested in Yuma: vehicles has been observed in Surenos. They also prefer • Bakers Trece, Bakersfield, CA known gang neighborhoods in wearing SouthSider trece (13) • 18th Street, Arlington, VA Yuma. The Chopas are rivals of brand football jerseys or any- • Barrio Vagos, Salinas, CA The Wonder Boys due to the thing that represents the num- • Hollywood Hobart Tiny Ones, illegal alien trafficking trade ber 13 on the clothing being Los Angeles, CA along the border and the worn. By displaying this type money it generates for their of clothing they immediately • White Fence, Los Angeles, CA respective gangs. Chopas and identify within themselves and • Crazy Riders, Los Angeles, CA a gang identified as Los to others who they represent • Little Town, San Luis, AZ Demonios (The Demons) are and their allegiance to the • Border Brothers, various not as high profile as The Sureno mission. Sureno gang parts of Mexico Wonder Boys but are also a members will wear predomi- concern to the local Mexican nately any clothing except the • Lomas Trece, Los Angeles, CA law enforcement community. color red or the number 14. • Florencia Trece, Los Angeles, CA They too are a Sureno street The color red or the number • SouthSider Trece, Las Vegas, NV gang. 14 identifies a Norteno gang • Orange County Trece, Orange All three of these Mexican- member or associate. County, CA based street gangs keep their Mexican authorities are • Surenos Trece, East LA hair groomed as short as pos- stating that they are seeing a Clique, Los Angeles sible and dress in the same steady rise in Sureno street style as their Hispanic street gangs in San Luis, Sonora • Mara Salvatrucha, gang counterparts in California which is a growing concern for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Arizona. In San Luis, the Mexican law enforcement and Honduras and Mexico Sureno lifestyle is embraced the general public. The majori- and has a strong influence ty of illegal alien gang mem- along the San Luis border bers arrested in Yuma have a area. The style of dress that connection to a particular has been adopted is a style Sureno street gang in referred to as “tumblado” that California. About the author… Joe Preciado has more than 20 years of service with the United States Border Patrol and serves as a Lead Border Patrol Agent with the Yuma Sector Intelligence Unit in Yuma, AZ. Agent Preciado has been involved in tracking criminal street gangs since being selected as the Yuma Station Intelligence Agent in 1998. He was promoted to his current position in 2001. As a Lead Border Patrol Agent, he monitors street, prison, transnational gangs, their distinctive tattoos and how they relate to the involve- ment of illegal aliens and street gangs. Agent Preciado recently returned from the International Law Enforcement Academy in San Salvador, El Salvador, where he provided training to various Central American law enforcement personnel regarding transnational gangs and their effect on the U.S. Border. Agent Preciado can be reached by e-mail at Joseph.F.Preciado@dhs.gov 30 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Juggalos: A fan club or a gang? BY MICHELLE VASEY n the late 1980s and In 2004, the Arizona as they are) on numerous I early ’90s, two men from Detroit, Michigan, walked away from a gang they began, Department of Public Safety Gang Immigration Intelligence Team Enforcement Mission Internet sites. In short, the message of ICP is, for the true die-hard Juggalos, not what known as Inner City Posse, (GIITEM) began investigating they hear, but what they ARE.” and tried their hand in the several incidents at Palo Verde Shortly after Det. Van underground rap scene. High School in Tucson, Woert wrote his definition of Changing their name from Arizona. The juveniles, who the Juggalos, he found a simi- Inner City Posse to Insane were self-proclaimed Juggalos, lar definition written by a Clown Posse (ICP), Joseph were threatening a student for Juggalo on the Internet: “Many Bruce and Joey Utsler, or as reasons unknown. Detectives people often believe that they like to be called, Violent J began conducting research on Juggalos & Juggalettes are just and Shaggy 2 Dope, claimed to the Juggalos and the Insane another name for fans of have been visited by the carni- Clown Posse. Based on the Insane Clown Posse. Being a val spirit. They were told to information developed along Juggalo is much more than lik- send a message of society’s with the Palo Verde case, the ing the music; it is a way of need for cleansing or perish Juggalos were officially docu- life. A fan is someone who only when the world ends. mented as a gang within the likes the music either because State of Arizona in 2007. The it’s the fad right now, or They began their own lead detective in the case, Hal record label called because they want to conform. Van Woert, noted, “Juggalos Fans don’t see the true mes- Psychopathic Records, and have adopted the message and decided to send the message sage of the music, just the philosophy of ICP and others outer layer. Fans are quick to through six joker cards which on the Psychopathic Records became albums. Each album forget you as soon as the next label as a mission and a total big sensation comes along. has a specific message and lifestyle. They immerse them- although the lyrics brought They also will hound ICP for selves in the imagery and lis- autographs and see them only controversy, their fan base ten to the music whenever and erupted. as big famous stars. A Juggalo wherever they can. They meet is one who lives their life by The fans refer to themselves at annual and semiannual the hatchet. In other words, as Juggalos. The name Juggalo ‘gatherings,’ and they share they believe in the true mean- comes from Violent J’s so- their views and thoughts (such ing behind ICP’s songs [and] called alter ego, “The Juggla.” try to live by J and Shaggy’s Fans say that Violent J called preachings. Juggalos are down out to the fans during a con- with the clown for life, and will cert calling them “My Juggalos” never turn their back on ICP and the name stuck. The lyrics because they are said to be speak of clown love and paying ‘uncool’ … They are dedicated homage to the hatchet. The to Psychopathic forever.”1 lyrics also speak of extreme violence and hatred toward Juggalos can be identified society that has disrespected by the following indicia: all those that society has 1) Any and all Psychopathic labeled loners or outcasts. record label clothing and para- Juggalos are fans of Insane phernalia Clown Posse but several 2) Tattoos relating to Insane groups of Juggalos have These “Juggalettes” flash Clown Posse and Psychopathic evolved into gangs. their gang signs. associated artists to include Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 31 Gangs RMIN Special Report the six joker card album covers Arizona municipalities and then mutilated the carcass, and the hatchet man which is reporting Juggalo sets scaring those in attendance. the Psychopathic record label include: Also in 2008, several insignia Mesa Juggalos who now claim to be Juggalos do not claim a • Juggalo Ryder Bitch members of Juggalo Ryder specific color such as red for Bitch committed armed rob- Bloods or blue for Crips but bery in Mesa, Arizona. Those colors have been documented Tempe involved have been charged depending on the set. For • Southwest Bloods, in this set, with crimes related to armed instance, the Eastside Juggalos robbery, hindering prosecution not all Juggalos are Southwest and participating in a criminal from the Navajo Nation claim Bloods but all Southwest street gang. In 2009, a group red in part because some of Bloods are Juggalos of Juggalos who also claim to the members are former mem- be Southwest Bloods were bers of the Insane Cobra charged with aggravated Nation. Tucson assault and participating in a Since 2004, Arizona, along • Juggalo Ryder Bitch criminal street gang after one with several states throughout • Juggalo Street Mafia member wanted out of the the nation, has seen an • Eastside Juggalos gang and was told to stab increase in Juggalo member- another member in Tempe, ship to include gang related Arizona. crimes. Arizona tribes have Crimes associated with The name Juggalos have also seen an increase in gang each of these sets include, but created a split between gang related crimes involving are not limited to, drive by detectives throughout the Juggalos to include gang mem- shootings, aggravated assaults, United States. The question bers from traditional gangs assaults, weapons offenses, asked is how does the law leaving and joining Juggalo drug offenses, animal cruelty enforcement community differ- sets. and criminal damage. Officer entiate between a fan and an Neil Yazzie with the Navajo actual gang member? Nation Police Department is My response to this ques- Arizona tribes reporting investigating several arsons tion is that just because we do Juggalos sets are: that are Juggalo related. A not understand this phenome- Navajo Nation source informed him that the non fully, we can’t as gang arsons were a means for detectives ignore it. • Eastside Juggalos Juggalos to gain rank within It is imperative that upon • Insane Dark Flames the Juggalo sets. He also states contacting a Juggalo we are that members of the Eastside diligent in our investigation to Tohono O’odham Nation Juggalos are now jumping in answer the question: Are you a their members much like tradi- fan or are you a member of a • Eastside Juggalos tional gangs. gang? • Red Hatchet Representing In 2008, several Juggalos We in law enforcement • Juggalo Mafia also members of the Rez Crew must be willing to take that • Juggalo Ryder Bitch were charged with animal cruel- extra step in our intelligence ty and participating in a crimi- gathering to see if we are in nal street gang in Fort fact dealing with a gang mem- Fort McDowell Reservation McDowell, Arizona. The juve- ber or just a crazed fan. • Rez Crew niles killed a dog while at a park 1www.whatisajuggalo.com About the author… Michelle Vasey began her career in law enforcement in 2000 with the Maricopa County Sheriff ’s Office. She joined the Fort McDowell Police Department in 2002 and was appointed the department’s Gang Intelligence Officer. She was promoted to ser- geant in 2004 and became a committee member for the Arizona Indian Country Gang Summit. In 2006 she founded the Arizona Indian Country Gang Task Force and in 2007, Vasey accepted a position as a detective with the Arizona Department of Public Safety, assigned to the Arizona State Gang Task Force, Gang Immigration Intelligence Team Enforcement Mission (GIITEM). Sgt. Vasey can be reached by e-mail to email@example.com or by phone at (602) 501-9049. 32 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report New Mexico gang update BY CHUCK SCHOVILLE RMIN TRAINING SPECIALIST ew Mexico continues in New Mexico that traditional- an Albuquerque or El Paso, N to find itself at the crossroads of gang activity. Just as I-25 and I-40 ly have had little exposure to gang activity now find them- selves trying to keep up with Texas, gang problem is as prevalent in the smaller cities and towns throughout New meet in Albuquerque, gang the gangs and gang motivated Mexico. Law enforcement in trends also seem to find their crimes. New Mexico has continued to way into the heart of New Albuquerque has approxi- see most Hispanic gangs claim- Mexico. New Mexico continues mately 313 gangs and 9,297 ing to be Surenos or Nortenos. to grapple with the effect of the gang members. The largest The Albuquerque area has also California gang migration, gangs operating within seen a noticeable increase of which is most notable by the Albuquerque are the Southside the migration of gangs from the continued increase of Sureno Locos, Bernatown (Berna Midwest, primarily the gang members who are loyal to Varrio Town Grande), Gangster Disciples and Latin the Mexican Mafia. A young Brewtown, Northside Locos, Kings. gang member in Albuquerque TCK (Thugz Causing Kaos), Los As is the case with most was recently asked what the Padillas, Barelas, East Side Surenos who are not from most obvious change was in San Jose, South Side San California, the New Mexico Albuquerque gangs and he Jose, El Washe Locos and Surenos are dealing with replied, “There’s a lot of that Juaritos. The gangs within issues within the correctional 213 stuff showing up” (213 is a Albuquerque are involved in facilities from the “True Blue” reference to the area code for the traditional gang crimes California Surenos. The New Los Angeles). seen throughout the RMIN Mexico Surenos are referred to In addition to the presence region. as the “Free riders” by the of California-based Sureno Smaller towns such as California Surenos, because gangs, New Mexico has been Hobbs, Roswell, Santa Fe and they are not loyal to the challenged by gang members Artesia are no longer safe or California Mexican Mafia, yet migrating from South and immune from gang activity. In they benefit from the respect of Central America. Small towns fact, what was once considered the use of the name Sureno. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 33 Gangs RMIN Special Report STG activity in the Montana DOC BY TRACY NAPIER ontana does not these gangs you are talking The secret gang problem M have gangs.” This is a common belief in about?” she asked me. Four or five years ago, when I was discussing this that was once hidden behind prison walls is now spilling over onto the streets of almost our state. I can recall dis- with my professor, gang activi- every community within cussing gangs and violence in ty was in full bloom within the Montana. a criminal justice course I was prison walls of Montana State According to Lieutenant taking in college four or five Prison. Corrections officials Dan Hess, Montana years ago. The professor was were dealing with national Department of Corrections STG talking about these issues from gangs including Surenos, Coordinator, there are gangs other state’s perspectives. I Nortenos, Bloods, Crips and active on all seven Indian distinctly remember her say- White Supremacists groups reservations in Montana. Every ing, “Thank goodness I can (Peckerwoods and Skinheads). major city in Montana has only teach about these issues The prison was also dealing gangs that are active and from other state’s experiences. with hybrid gangs including recruiting, too. Smaller, more Montana is so blessed because the Modern Outlaws and the rural communities are starting we don’t have gangs in our Suicide Mafia. to see graffiti and other signs cities and towns.” It was obvious why my pro- of a gang presence. Being an employee of the fessor was not aware of the During 2009 in Great Falls, Montana Department of gang problem in Montana: Montana, the Northland Mafia Corrections and an active most of the gang members was involved in several rob- member of the Montana were locked up safely behind beries and an attempt to bur- Department of Corrections prison walls. As most of us glarize a local convenience Strategic Threat Group (STG) know though, the majority of store. Gang members were Task Force, my eyebrows offenders will eventually be responsible for several auto raised quickly and I almost released into the community. thefts and the distribution of spit my coffee out in disbelief. Just as in California and narcotics, according to Jeff “Montana does not have Arizona, when gang members Beecroft, a detective with the gangs?” I questioned. in Montana are released from Great Falls Police Department. prison, they take their gang The Modern Outlaws have been “No we don’t,” she responded. affiliation with them. Many of involved in selling cocaine, I went on to dispute this the active gang members with- marijuana, and methampheta- statement and fill the rest of in the prison walls were serv- mine. One member of this gang the class in on the gang prob- ing short sentences and are is wanted for his involvement lem the Department of now being released. in a home invasion and a bur- Corrections was dealing with at glary of a local pawn shop. I would be willing to bet if I that time. I had a hard time called that professor today, she Also of note is the LVL or believing a professor for one of would be able to tell me she Little Valley Locos, who have the best criminal justice pro- sees graffiti on local businesses been discharged from prison at grams in our state was not and houses in her city. I would high rates and are making a aware of the rising gang prob- also be willing to bet she is strong presence in the Great lem in Montana. teaching about Montana’s own Falls community. One member “I have never seen graffiti or gang problems in her criminal of the LVL was being investi- drive-bys. I don’t hear about it justice classes. gated for firing random gun on the news. So, where are shots from a 9mm while walk- 34 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report ing down the street. It is likely with them, but the majority of Units. The problem, so far, has that this group will continue to Montana’s gangs do not have been successfully contained in recruit and cause problems for national ties. these cities because of these the Great Falls community. With the exception of White proactive measures, but as Members of these gangs have Supremacist groups, Montana other states have seen, gangs been leaving graffiti on busi- gangs do not support racial are here to stay. nesses and houses on the discrimination. Native The Montana Department of main streets of Great Falls. American gang members tend Corrections has been proactive The city makes it mandatory to take on traditional Hispanic since the introduction of gangs for home or business owners to gang affiliation, but any race into this state, and it will con- remove the graffiti within 72 can be affiliated with any gang tinue to reach out to local law hours in order to prevent turf in Montana. White enforcement officials and agen- wars from starting. Supremacist groups are the cies in an attempt to control Billings has seen an one excep- recruit- increase in drive-by shootings tion to this ment and graffiti as well. During trend. With the exception of White and 2009, several patrol cars and Montana Supremacist groups, Montana gangs expan- police officer’s homes were gangs do do not support racial discrimination sion of tagged with gang graffiti not typically the cur- throughout the course of a few follow rent nights. This bold and rebel- national alliances. Over the gangs in Montana. This unified lious move by gang members past five years, Surenos have front and sharing of informa- prompted the Department of been the dominant gang within tion has been key to keeping Corrections to get Probation & the prison system and have gang activity in Montana to a Parole officers more involved in had the highest number of val- minimum. gang recognition and tracking. idated members, but this trend Lt. Hess met with several is changing. Currently, About the author… Probation & Parole officials to Nortenos are recruiting at a Tracy Napier is a Staff Training & coordinate an effort to have high rate and are attempting to Development Specialist for the Montana one main STG officer in each become the dominant force Department of Corrections (DOC). She Probation & Parole region for within the Montana the purpose of identifying and started her career in corrections at the Department of Corrections. The Montana State Prison as a correctional tracking active gang members Nortenos are aligning with the in that region. So far, this has Crips, while the Surenos are officer. She promoted to an proven successful, but the aligning with the White intake/admissions officer and became department is working toward Supremacists. On Sept. 29, involved in the identification of security having one officer for each 2008, Montana State Prison threat group (STG) members as they community, rather than one experienced a disturbance in entered the institution. She was promot- for each of the six regions the high security gym as a ed to Correctional Case Manager, and around the state. result of the White then was offered the training position Montana is not unique in Supremacists attacking Crips with the Department of Corrections. the fact that gang members are and Nortenos. Correctional offi- She has been the coordinator for the not following national trends. cers and Recreation staff quick- Montana DOC STG Taskforce for more Although they may claim and ly contained the disturbance mimic Surenos, they most like- and only minor injuries were than four years and remains involved ly do not have any ties to the received by inmates and staff. with all aspects of STG issues within the California-based Surenos. state of Montana. Napier obtained her A few of Montana’s larger Some Surenos and Nortenos in cities have been proactive in bachelor’s degree in Psychology and is Montana have relocated from their attempts to deal with the working toward her master’s degree in larger states and prisons and rising gang problems by coor- Professional Counseling. She can be have brought their affiliation dinating Gang Task Force reached by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 35 Gangs RMIN Special Report Tattoos in the Each bar respresents five and the dots are one and is commonly used by the Surenos to represent the number 13 Latin King 5-point c 12 jurors + 1 judge = half a chance Dark Lotus Records label for the Insane Clown Posse United Samoan Organization A version used White Supremacists as a swastika The Hatchet Man: Used by the Insane Clown Posse gang “D” of the “GD” (Gangster Disciple) on hands 36 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report RMIN region Huelga Bird used by Nortenos and Celtic Cross covering crown Aryan Circle behind Nuestra Familia Lips represent Surenos Califas ideology Latin King with 5-point crown Aryan Circle 100% Mexicano Hidden “A” in Barrios Azteca Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 37 Gangs RMIN Special Report Surenos Hidden TS Peckerwoods Surenos Made in Mexico European Knights Mexikanemi logo (emi replaced eme) Nortenos Nazi Low Riders 38 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Paisa Public Enemy No.1 (PEN1) White Supremacist Lightning Bolts 18th Street Pistolero in waistband Aryan Circle Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 39 Gangs RMIN Special Report A look at Nevada’s gangs BY BRIAN NOVOTNY, CCA RMIN CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE ANALYST hat happens in nation, the gang population group’s activity inside and out- W Vegas, stays in Vegas” has become a marketing pitch known grew faster than any agency could handle. The following examines side of prison. The Aryan Warriors is a White prison gang that has across the world. some of the gangs in Nevada operated within the Nevada Unfortunately, this also and issues related to them. It Department of Corrections for makes Las Vegas a target for also examines Nevada’s law nearly 30 years. Its violence gang members and other crimi- enforcement response to gang inside and out of prison nals from across the world. violence. includes murder, assault, rob- The glamour and glitz of the Las Vegas has approximate- bery, extortion, identity theft Las Vegas Strip draws people ly 300 gangs comprised of and drug trafficking. Gang who think they can strike it 8,000 gang members and members have also been rich at the casinos or just 2,000 associates.1 This num- accused of bribing prison enjoy the party lifestyle of the ber helps demonstrate what guards and violence within the city. While many people are officers face every day in Las Nevada prison system. Like drawn to Las Vegas for enter- Vegas. Various estimates indi- many other prison gangs, the tainment and relaxation, oth- cate that Clark County, which Aryan Warriors use female ers come to the city to commit includes Las Vegas, has associates on the outside to criminal acts in “Sin City.” approximately 10,000 gang conduct drug dealing and other members across the county. criminal activity. Aryan Although Las Vegas is the With the number of gang mem- Warriors reportedly run a largest and possibly best bers in communities like Reno, “street program” in the Las known city in Nevada, it is not Carson City, Laughlin, Vegas, Reno and Pahrump the only city in Nevada that Henderson, Elko, Winnemucca areas of Nevada.3 draws tens of thousands of vis- itors each year to its casinos and Indian Reservations, the total number of gang members and tourist locations. Laughlin, across the state is estimated at EASTWOOD TOKERS Reno and Lake Tahoe are also locations with visitors year- 15,000 to 20,000. One of the largest street round. With the wide range of gangs in the Carson City area diversity among Nevada citi- of Nevada is the Eastwood zens and its tourism industry, ARYAN WARRIORS Tokers. This group is usually various gangs have tried to On July 6, 2009, five mem- active in its specific geographi- establish themselves in Nevada bers of the Aryan Warriors cal area, including a mobile to make money off tourists were found guilty of RICO home park area where most of through drug dealing, scams, charges or conspiracy to dis- the gang’s illegal activity robberies, assaults and other tribute methamphetamine, as occurs. crimes. Law enforcement well as various other charges each faced.2 Seven people had across Nevada has done its best to stop the rapid growth of previously plead guilty to 18TH STREET gang violence but with charges and an additional Just like their counterparts Nevada’s population growth in defendant awaits trial. A total from Los Angeles, 18th Street the mid-2000s consistently of 14 defendants were charged has also demonstrated violent being one of the highest in the after an investigation into this activity in the Carson City 40 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report area. Gang members from 18th HELLS ANGELS these crews to communicate by Street were reportedly involved Hells Angels operate three text messaging, it can be diffi- in an April 2009 shooting that chapters in Nevada – Las cult for law enforcement to left one male victim injured. Vegas, West Vegas and track party locations and Nomads in Reno. In July 2008, attendees. In several cases gang members are claiming to LIMA STREET then Nomads President David Burgess was convicted of pos- be a party crew to avoid the AND BAMBINOS session of child pornography gang label and future legal and sentenced to 15 years in ramifications for gang crimes Two additional street gangs or penalty enhancements. currently active in the Carson prison. Hells Angles continue to conduct various runs in Several of these party crews City area are Lima Street and are displaying allegiance to the Bambinos. Nevada and sell support mer- chandise at these events. The Surenos gang movement. Similar to Eastwood Tokers and 18th Street, these gangs largest run is the Reno Poker have a relatively low profile run. Currently there are approximately 30 Hells Angels ADDITIONAL GANGS compared to gangs in other members statewide with addi- WITH A PRESENCE major cites. Most of its activity has centered on graffiti, rob- tional supporters across the IN NEVADA beries and assaults; more vio- state. lent crimes such as drive-by VAGOS shootings and homicides are NATIVE AMERICAN GANGS Vagos are rapidly expand- infrequent. Nevada has 32 reservations ing across the Southern Each of these gangs claims (colonies) across the state.6 a loyalty to the Surenos move- Nevada region. This growth is Gangs that operate on reserva- also being seen in Northern ment which is rapidly expand- tion lands will often commit ing across the United States. Arizona near Bullhead City. In crimes off the reservation and the past several weeks tensions On occasion, gang members flee to their reservation in an will commit violent acts to between the Hells Angels and attempt to elude law enforce- Vagos seems to be progressive- prove themselves to fellow gang ment. Sovereignty issues make members but to date the ly worsening. this a complex legal battle for majority of those crimes local agencies. Several agencies involve other gang members. This results in reluctant wit- participate in gang task force BANDIDOS meetings and are able to assist Bandidos have a presence nesses and victims who do not agencies when possible. contact police or fail to cooper- in Nevada but have remained ate with any investigation. Crimes relating to reserva- fairly low key and quiet across tion gangs are often drug relat- the state. During the Elko, ed. Some of the reservation Nevada Jamboree, Hells Angels NV TRECE gangs are: and Bandidos reportedly met Recognized by Nevada Mean Violent Natives prior to the event and Department of Corrections East 2nd Street expressed a neutral stance (NDOC) as a Security Threat with each other. No issues Rez Boys between the clubs have been Group, NV Trece continues to ICP reported. commit assaults within the NDOC system. Members claim allegiance with the Mexican PARTY CREWS (KREWS) SILVER STATE SURENOS Mafia and may be called “Nevadans” or “Nevadenos” by Party Crews are quickly Active in the Elko area, rivals who do not recognize the escalating into a serious threat Silver State Surenos are com- Trece allegiance to the across the state of Nevada. prised primarily of Hispanic Surenos.4 With the increased ability of street gang members. Gang Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 41 Gangs RMIN Special Report members are involved in a LAW ENFORCEMENTS Carson City. Nearly 200 people range of crimes and tagging in the Elko area. RESPONSE received training during these sessions which spent one day Nevada law enforcement focusing on Nevada gang issues has been active in the fight and a second day training new RECENT GANG ACTIVITY against all crimes and several terrorism liaison officers. Two Carson City gang programs have focused on gang There are additional meet- members recently were sen- related crimes specifically. In ings and training relating to tenced to prison terms for Carson City, the Regional Gang gangs occurring across Nevada shooting at residents of an Unit conducts regular meetings each month. Las Vegas and apartment complex in July in which local, state, county, Laughlin are locations where 2008. and tribal law enforcement offi- regional training often occurs, cers meet to share gang infor- Ricardo Llama was sen- bringing law enforcement from mation and trends. Prosecutors tenced to 24 years in prison Arizona, California and Nevada are also present to provide and John Turner received a together. These regional meet- updates on cases currently in four to 12 year sentence. ings help expand information the court system. Four gang members are fac- sharing and resource network- Nevada has three fusion ing. ing possible murder charges centers operating across the for the death of a potential state. Each of these centers References: gang member during a gang provides law enforcement with 1Las Vegas Metropolitan Police initiation. analysis of current crime Department website – Gang Crimes The victim suffered severe trends and information sharing Bureau head injuries during the March across the state. http://www.lvmpd.com/bureaus/gang_cri 14th beating. mes.html In February 2009, the 2Nevada Jury Convicts Aryan Warrior Gang members are becom- Nevada Threat Analysis Center Gang Members – Fox5Vegas.com ing more aggressive toward law partnered with the Rocky 3Nevada Jury Convicts Aryan Warrior enforcement in Nevada. Mountain Information Network Gang Members – Fox5Vegas.com 4Northern Nevada Gang Intelligence They are more open in their to provide gang and terrorism displays of hostility toward law liaison officer training to rural Bulletin 5Rocky Mountain Information Network enforcement and less fearful of areas of Nevada. Over the – Brian Novotny the consequences of these course of two weeks, four sepa- 6Nevada Department of Transportation actions. rate two-day courses were pro- 7Rocky Mountain Information Network vided in Ely, Elko, Tonopah and About the author… Brian Novotny is a Certified Criminal Intelligence Analyst with Rocky Mountain Information Network, specializing in gang and domestic terrorism activity in the eight RMIN states. Prior to joining RMIN, Novotny served as a paralegal/bureau chief with the Marciopa County Attorney’s Office and as an instructor in the paralegal program at Long Technical College. A gradu- ate of Arizona State University with a bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice, Novotny volunteers as a reserve with the Arizona Department of Public Safety State Gang Task Force – GIITEM. He is a member of numerous gang associations across the nation and serves on the board of directors of the Arizona Gang Investigators Association. 42 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report The Mexican War Eagle ith the steady W growth of the Surenos and Nortenos in California, all eight RMIN states have seen a con- tinual migration of Surenos and Nortenos into the states. One of the most visible symbols of the Nortenos and the Nuestra Familia (NF) prison gang is what is commonly called the “Mexican War Eagle.” It is known to many as the “Huelga” bird or the war eagle. The origin and creation of the Huelga bird was unrelat- ed to Nortenos or the Nuestra Familia. Marc Grossman, the former personal aide to the late Cesar Chavez, provided personal insight into the origin and meaning of the Huelga bird. According to Grossman, the eagles are an important part of Grossman said he was cer- original Huelga bird was the the Mexican culture. The rea- tain that his longtime friend creation of Cesar Chavez’s son for the simplicity of the Cesar Chavez would be disap- brother Richard and their first eagle was basic: Neither of pointed that the UFW Huelga cousin Manuel. When Chavez Cesar Chavez’s relatives were bird is now being used by helped form the United Farm artists and “…both lacked any gangs. “Cesar Chavez spent Workers (UFW) union in 1962, high level of artistic talent,” so his entire life teaching the his relatives wanted to design a they decided to use straight principles of peaceful resolu- symbol to be used by the lines and right angles which tion and non-violence,” said organization. The two men they and others could easily Grossman. decided on an eagle because draw, explained Grossman. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 43 Gangs RMIN Special Report Vagos OMG expansion in Nevada BY JIM LOPEY, TLO COORDINATOR AND MICHELLE MCNEELY, INTELLIGENCE ANALYST Regional law enforcement in Utah has rapidly expanding extortion, insurance fraud, Nevada has seen a rapid Vagos chapters as well. money laundering, murder, expansion of the Vagos Outlaw According to the Utah vehicle theft, witness intimida- Motorcycle Gang (OMG). The Statewide Information and tion and weapons violations. ongoing collection of informa- Analysis Center (SIAC), approx- They are also considered one of tion concerning active Vagos imately 25 Vagos members the more heavily armed OMGs. OMG members in Nevada claim membership in Salt Lake The Vagos have a history of reveals a strong membership City and Ogden chapters. A “counter intelligence” efforts. base. In response to this third Utah Vagos Chapter is For example, in 1995, a Vagos emerging threat, this report reportedly being formed in member reportedly infiltrated a will focus on the Vagos expan- Utah County. Utah authorities law enforcement seminar on sion in Northern Nevada coun- indicate that Vagos are actively outlaw motorcycle gangs. ties, but will further include recruiting from various motor- Material from the conference the semi-rural Vagos chapters cycle clubs, including but not was later recovered during an located in Lincoln and Nye limited to the Vietnam Vets arrest of a Vagos member. counties, with some emphasis and Legacy Vets. On March 9, 2006, 25 on Las Vegas and Utah. Vagos members and associates The Nevada Threat Analysis Center (NTAC) has concentrat- HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE were arrested on firearms and drug violations charges follow- ed its Vagos OMG intelligence The Vagos OMG was estab- ing one of the largest coordi- gathering efforts within those lished in Southern California nated law enforcement probes counties normally serviced by in 1965. The Vagos evolved ever conducted in Southern NTAC (all counties excluding from the Psychos motorcycle California. The operation, Washoe and Clark). However, club in Corona, California, and known as “Operation 22 active Vagos chapters in north- took on the name “Los Vagos” Green,” involved approximately ern Nevada exist in the Reno when they became a 1% outlaw 700 personnel from the ATF and Carson City areas and club. The name was later and local police and sheriff's their regional activities tend to changed to “Vago,” meaning departments. Ninety-five illegal overlap in several Nevada tramp, vagabond or transient. firearms, illegal drugs, $6,000 counties including Washoe, The club’s insignia is “Loki,” in cash and two stolen motor- Carson, Lyon, Douglas, the Norse god of mischief, rid- cycles were seized. Churchill and Humboldt. ing a motorcycle. Members commonly wear green apparel. Most recently, three Vagos Vagos chapters in Southern members were arrested on Nevada also exist in Lincoln, The Federal Bureau of June 22, 2009 for sexually Clark and Nye counties. The Investigation (FBI) and the assaulting a woman in San Vagos Tri-State, Las Vegas, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Jose, California. On May 4, and Forsaken 7 chapters based Firearms and Explosives (ATF) 2009, Eduardo Larios, Jose in Las Vegas (Clark County) have identified the Vagos as an Portillo-Garcia, and his have significant memberships. OMG, claiming that members younger brother Edwin met the Las Vegas Metro Police author- are involved in criminal activi- woman at a nightclub. They ities estimate that there are ties such as producing, trans- told her they would drive her approximately 47 active Vagos porting and distributing home, but instead drove her to chapters within the greater Las methamphetamine and mari- their clubhouse on Kings Row Vegas area. juana, as well as assault, in San Jose. There, the crimi- 44 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report nal report states, they gang only one unverified). The Las Vegas area, including the raped and beat her. Nevada Vagos is predominately Las Vegas, Tri-State, and comprised of White males, with Forsaken seven chapters, com- only a few having Latino or prised of 47 members: (Three CLUB STRUCTURE American Indian surnames. Of of the Las Vegas region Vagos Each chapter of the Vagos the 72 documented members are also on our roster; two is organized in a similar man- and or prospects, no fewer from Lincoln County and one ner, in various geographical- than 17 members are ex-felons also known to frequent the based areas. The typical chap- for various crimes (roughly one Carson area). ter officers are president, vice out of four). Most of the 72 The general breakdown of president, sergeant-at-arms, Vagos have had contacts with demographics reveal that the road captain and secre- law enforcement and have been 72 Vagos examined in this tary/treasurer. Most chapters arrested and or convicted of a report reside in the following have more than one sergeant- myriad of different crimes, cat- cities: at-arms since that position is egorized as follows: • Reno: (city and unincorporat- responsible for security at club • Sex Crimes: 3 members ed) 18 members meetings and enforcement as • Assault and/or Battery: 17 directed by the chapter presi- • Sparks: (city and unincorpo- members rated) 19 members dent. They also have an inter- national hierarchy with one • Driving Under the Influence: • Carson City: 8 members international president, two 11 members • Gardnerville: 4 members international vice presidents, • Property Crimes (includes • Fernley: 4 members two international sergeants-at- Fraud, Burglary, and Theft): arms, and one international • Dayton: 2 members 14 members secretary. The recognized • Pahrump: 6 members • Drug Violations: 14 members leader and international presi- • Pioche/Lincoln County: 5 dent of the Vagos is Terry Lee • Attempted Murder: 1 member members Orendorff, aka “Terry the • Robbery: 1 member • Silver Springs: 2 members Tramp.” He resides and con- • Misc. Misdemeanors: 7 mem- ducts business in the San • Winnemucca: 2 members bers Gabriel Valley area of Eastern • Fallon: 1 member • Misc. Felonies: 1 member Los Angeles County. • Unk: 1 member • Unknown or No Criminal Record: 17 members VAGOS MEMBERS IN The 72 Vagos members The typical Nevada Vagos (roughly three-fourths of known NORTHERN documented in Nevada (exclud- members) exhibit past criminal ing those in Clark County) live NEVADA/LINCOLN in several cities. The members behavior, including large num- COUNTY/NYE COUNTY so noted belong to various bers having assault and battery chapters, including but not arrests and/or convictions. The Vagos are expanding limited to the Carson City, Only about 17 Vagos either and continue to seek new Lyon County, Reno, Sparks, have no criminal history and or members. According to the Border Town, Lincoln County criminal histories that are data and intelligence reports and Pahrump Chapters. It unknown. Drug convictions are collected by NTAC, 72 full should be noted that Pahrump also significant within the com- patched members and Rockers haven’t been seen for posite group. Coupled with the prospects live in Carson, Lyon, quite some time, but authori- Vagos’ long history of involve- Douglas, Washoe, Lincoln and ties in Southern Nevada believe ment in the manufacture and Nye counties, with three resid- that the chapter still exists or distribution of methampheta- ing in Churchill and Humboldt is being reactivated. Las Vegas mine, as well as other con- counties. Of the 72 total mem- Metro authorities report three trolled substances, there’s no bers, approximately eight are Vagos chapters in the greater reason to believe that the Vagos believed to be prospects (with will slow down anytime soon. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 45 Gangs RMIN Special Report Recent events illustrate embedded in Arizona (recent ry runs by the club leaders). propensity for conflict. For RMIN-generated organizational They are often observed on the example, on May 12, 2009, a charts document no less than various roadways throughout large group of Vagos were rid- 29 Vagos in the state). Vagos the state. At least twice a year ing around the San Fernando are also expand- large numbers of Valley, California, in a large ing in Utah, with Vagos flock to pack when they caught the about 25 active Pioche, to party attention of law enforcement – members on the and socialize at a primarily because they were roster of the Salt local watering excessively speeding and run- Lake City and hole. ning vehicles off the road. Ogden Vagos According to Responding officers detained chapters (note law enforcement approximately 20 members that another sources, the and 11 Vagos were booked for chapter is appar- Vagos have a long reckless driving with an added ently forming in history of gang enhancement. Three of Utah County as methampheta- the 11 Vagos were booked on well). mine distribution felony charges related to hav- The swelling and are one of ing possession of dangerous numbers of Nevada Vagos more heavily armed motorcycle weapons. It was later deter- members far exceeds the over- gangs. Caution should be mined that five of the arrested all numbers of other Nevada employed when dealing with Vagos were from Carson City, OMGs. For example, the Vagos large numbers of these mem- Fernley, and Gardnerville. numbers far exceed the Las bers, and sufficient back-up is Vegas and Reno chapters of recommended during traffic the Hells Angels. stops. Recent arrests in LAW ENFORCEMENT California for charges related The Vagos numbers also IMPLICATIONS/TAKE-AWAYS exceed those of the Bandidos to “running cars off the road” The Vagos have large num- who currently have chapters in and reckless driving illustrate bers of patched members in Elko and Las Vegas. Currently periodic disregard for other Nevada. Excluding Clark there are no significant con- motorists, when club members County, about 72 active mem- flicts existing between the are traveling in large groups. bers exist in the counties of Vagos and other OMGs in During the same incident Carson, Washoe, Lyon, Nevada, but because of the three Vagos were arrested on Lincoln, Douglas, Humboldt, sheer numbers of Vagos and dangerous weapons related Churchill and Nye. the declining influence of the charges. The Vagos, like other Approximately three-quarters Mongols, the Vagos is arguably OMGs, are known to employ of this number have had arrests the OMG to watch. The Vagos the use of chase vehicles, and or convictions for various are steadily moving to rural which can pose an additional misdemeanor and felony crimes. Nevada areas and have active threat. Vagos are further About 47 active Vagos reside in chapters in Pioche and known to conduct counter-sur- the greater Las Vegas area of Pahrump, Nevada, but are veillance. Nevada. In total, about 116 most active in Northern Anyone having information active Vagos inhabit the state of Nevada, with an additional 47 on known Vagos members or Nevada (note that three of the Vagos actively engaged in the other OMGs in Nevada are Las Vegas area Vagos are also various Las Vegas chapters. encouraged to contact TLO listed in the Northern Nevada Each year the Vagos maintains Coordinator Jim Lopey at and rural Vagos roster, hence a significant presence in (775) 687-0454 or Analyst the adjustment). Laughlin and Street Vibrations Michelle McNeely at Vagos are also firmly (they are considered mandato- (775) 687-0332. 46 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report SOURCES/ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: Shelly Kelly, San Bernardino Trevor Meade, Nye County Pete Grimm, Washoe County County Sheriff’s Office Sheriff’s Office D.A.’s Office Sheriff Kerry Lee, Lincoln Ty Trouten, Elko County County Sheriff’s Office Sheriff’s Office Bryan Parsons, Lyon County Sheriff’s Office Brian Novotny, Rocky Jed Crittendon, Utah Statewide Mountain Information Network Information and Analysis Don Fieselman, Las Vegas (RMIN) Center Metro Police Department RMIN (Vagos Historical http://wikipedia.org - Search Sam Hatley, Brian Humphrey Information) for “Vagos MC” and Rick Dodds, Carson City Sheriff’s Office Paul Martino, Nevada DPS- Pam Hererra, Northern Nevada Investigations Counter Terrorism Center About the authors… Jim Lopey serves as Terrorism/Infrastructure Liaison Coordinator for 15 of 17 counties with the Nevada Department of Public Safety and coordinates information sharing among 120+ Terrorism Liaison officers recruited throughout the state. He began his career in law enforcement with Washoe County (NV) Juvenile Probation in 1976 and was hired by the Washoe County (NV) Sheriff ’s Office (WCSO) two years later. He served as Acting Undersheriff and Assistant Sheriff with WCSO and led the agency’s Homeland Security activities, Patrol, Detectives, Training, Records, Civil, Backgrounds, Search and Rescue and Aviation units. He organized and developed and served as the first Internal Affairs Section Commander with WCSO. He served with the United States Army and has been the recipient of numerous law enforcement awards, including the WCSO Sheriff ’s Star and a Transportation Security Administration Commendation when he subdued a suspect who attempted to break into the cockpit of an airliner during a flight from Africa to the United States. Lopey earned his bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice from University of Nevada, Reno and has a master’s degree in Emergency Crisis Management from the University of Nevada-Las Vegas. Michelle McNeely is the Senior Criminal Intelligence Analyst at the Nevada Threat Analysis Center (NTAC) located in Carson City, Nevada. She received her Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice and Administration in 2004. As part of her degree program, she served internships with the Nevada Attorney General’s Office in Carson City, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Reno, where she specialized in investigations and legal research. Prior to her current position with the Nevada Department of Public Safety, she served three years as a Booking Officer at the Carson City Jail under the jurisdic- tion of the Carson City Sheriff ’s Office. During her tenure there, she became the Carson City Sheriff ’s first civilian Field Training Officer and trained a number of civilians and law enforcement officers on the various aspects of jail operations. Overview of Salt Lake area gang activity BY MARILYN FELKNER angs in the Salt Lake more immediate reward is ent gangs. Within these group- G area tend to be mul- tiracial, less territori- al, highly mobile and often within reach. Salt Lake gang members join gangs for many of the ings, various sets are known to fight among themselves. This is especially evident with Surenos form unexpected alliances. Salt same reasons youth across the sets, although they tend to Lake City gangs tend to be nation join gangs: acceptance, support each other in situa- unsophisticated and not well- power, a sense of belonging, tions where, for example, a organized, with an organiza- thrills, or the search for money Nortenos set is threatening tional structure that resembles and other material compensa- them. more leadership by committee tion. Folk and People gangs than by a structured hierar- exist, but not to the extent The major groups that exist chy. Although many gangs they do in the Midwest. in the Salt Lake City area are have attempted to become Perhaps because they have Bloods, Crips, Surenos, more organized and structure fewer members, they tend to be Nortenos, Folk, People, White their operations more efficient- much less organized and, at Supremacists, Outlaw ly, this is often thwarted by the present time, have not Motorcycle Gangs, extremist their petty squabbles, personal exerted any type of control over gangs (such as Juggalos and drug use, and their inability to other gangs or illicit business Straight Edge), and independ- see a future benefit when a endeavors. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 47 Gangs RMIN Special Report Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs in tions, outstanding war- ries in order to carry out prof- Utah consist of the following: rants/protective orders, itable illicit business transac- Sundowners, Barons, Hells domestic violence convictions tions. Methamphetamine, Angels, Bandidos, Hermanos, or even age cocaine and Kerberos (a Hells Angels requirements, and mari- support group). gang members juana Hispanic gang members typically can’t buy appear to comprise 50 percent of all doc- firearms from be as pop- umented gang members in the licensed dealers ular as Salt Lake area. Surenos 13 because they will ever and the independent Hispanic not pass the among gang known as QVO each have background gang in excess of 200 members. The check. members. community has seen several One of the It has incidents in which escalating most difficult been clear violence has occurred. parts of investi- now for Hispanic gang members have gating gangs and many been involved in crimes includ- gang-related crimes is the con- years that in Utah there are no ing homicides, drive-by shoot- stantly changing gang lifestyle. lines between gangs when it ings, robberies, narcotics use Gangs have learned to evolve comes to drugs. The bottom and distribution, and weapon- with the times to better accom- line is always money, not color, related offenses. modate what goals and pur- not set, not allegiance. Gangs poses they have. Law enforce- and gang members have con- Drugs, money, guns and ment has seen a decrease in tinued to establish a lucrative violence are the combustible the flashy clothing or “flying business involving the drug components that make for a colors,” making it difficult to trade. volatile gang problem. Violent gang members can be found detect gang gatherings or With the state budget cuts throughout Salt Lake County events. Gangs also don’t and the lack of space in the and more importantly, are car- appear to be openly “advertis- state prison and county jails, rying and using firearms. ing” as much in recent years. the federal system has become Sadly, this isn’t an indication a very effective tool for the Firearms trafficking investi- that gang activity is decreas- prosecution and removal of gations involve criminals deal- ing. Gang violence is on the dangerous gang members from ing firearms without a license, rise. The “smile now, cry later” the community. The sentences illegal interstate transfers, and mentality is still very much a these weapons and drug viola- lying and buying firearms from part of the active gang lifestyle. tions carry are very hard on dealers (straw purchases). A Another trend gang detec- gang members because they common occurrence in gang tives in the Salt Lake area are usually removed from Utah circles is for the female com- report on is the entrenchment to another state to serve their panions of gang members to of illicit drug trafficking as an federal sentences, thus dis- purchase firearms from established gang enterprise. rupting the gang’s activities on licensed dealers for persons Gang members will often devi- the streets, in the jails and in who can’t lawfully buy ate from their traditional rival- the Utah State Prison. firearms. Due to felony convic- About the author… Marilyn Felkner is the analyst for the Salt Lake Area Gang Project and has been with the Project since 1993. Felkner has extensive experience in graphics, writing, criminal intelligence analysis and database management. She has written articles addressing database structure and the creation of charts and graphs that help others visualize gang-related statistics. Felkner has a bachelor of arts in Mathematics and English. Since graduation, she has completed additional course work in computer programming, graphic design and writing. 48 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Wyoming gang activity BY ELVIN EHRHARDT angs in the state of a search for money and other drive-by shootings in 2008 and G Wyoming tend to be of the hybrid nature because they do not always fol- material compensations. The major groups that exist in Wyoming are Surenos, five to date in 2009. In these cases, all but two involved members of the Surenos gang low the societal norms estab- Nortenos, Viet Boys, Puro sets. There are also cases of lished by original gangs (OGs) Tango Blast, Folk Nation and various sets which have been or gang namesakes that they People Nation Gangs, Bloods, known to fight among them- attempt to emulate. Crips Gangster Disciples, Latin selves. This is especially evident There are a growing num- Disciples and ICP Juggalos and with Surenos sets, although bers of West Coast Bloods and Juggaletts. Native American they tend to support each other Crips gangs which, from the gangs such as South West in most situations where, for OG example, tend to be pre- Gangstes (Surenos), Mid West example, a Nortenos set is dominately composed of Menace (ICP), Lower Arapahoe threatening them. Blacks. Here, however, those (Warrior Society), South Side Intelligence efforts have same gang elements are pre- Playaz (Surenos/Mexican documented cases of state dominately White. This is due Mafia), N8tive Bonzez (Warrior prison incarcerated Surenos to a below national average Society), INK Indian Nation gang members directing gang (12.6 percent – 2007 census) Klic (Surenos/ Warrior Society) activity on the street. These Black population in Wyoming and 307 (Surenos/Mexican cases predominantly have been (1.2 percent – 2007 census). Mafia) are all very active on the identified through seizure and There are also other OG Wind River Indian Reservation. decoding of coded letters commonalities that are not Within these groupings, we mailed by known Surenos gang found among Wyoming hybrid have seen uncommon associa- members, coupled with intelli- gangs. An example is tions inconsistent with OG gence gathered from personal Wyoming’s version of Crips common rivalry. contact with confidential gangs. In the Eastern part of The gangs currently most sources and gang member the United States, Crips gangs active and largest in size in associates. are associated to the Folk Wyoming are the varied sets of Other gangs operating in Nation. These Crips gangs use the Surenos gangs. Those Wyoming are White supremacy symbols (such as the six-point- Surenos gangs are violent gangs including Skinhead ed star) that are found offen- rivals with the Nortenos, Groups, Knights of the Ku sive by West Coast Crips. Bloods and even Crips in the Klux Klan, Soldiers of the However, Wyoming Crips Cheyenne, Casper, Rawlins Aryan Culture and Silent gangs, including the Killa and Rock Springs areas. But in Aryan Warriors. Outlaw Lunatic Crips or the Hoover some areas like the less popu- Motorcycle Gangs (OMGs) Duce Crips with West Coast lated areas of North Central including Hells Angels MC, origins, commonly use those Wyoming and even the Wind Destroyers MC, Bandidos MC, Folk Nation symbols in their River Indian reservation, those Los Lobos MC, Knights MC, graffiti. rivalries seem nonexistent. Ghost Riders MC, Grim Gang members in Wyoming The Hispanic gangs com- Reapers MC, Sons of Silence tend to join gangs for many of prise an average of 70 percent MC, Wehrmacht MC, Vagos the same reasons as other of Wyoming’s known gang mem- MC, Ching-A-Lings MC, youth across the rest of the bers. Violence among the varied Heathens MC, Bad Company nation: for acceptance, power, rival gangs has been limited to MC and Outlaws MC are active a sense of belonging, thrills or date with seven documented in Wyoming. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 49 Gangs RMIN Special Report Firearms theft and traffick- gang members serving hard where this booming industry is ing investigations involve sev- time in the Wyoming state operating. In several cases we eral gang elements in prison system, several more in have found these OG gang Wyoming. Over the last year, the federal prison system and members or their parents came there have been reports and many of their juvenile counter- here for the work and are in documented arrests of Surenos parts in juvenile community fact working as a part of this and Crips gang members bur- and residential treatment pro- growing industry. glarizing gun stores and homes grams, the days of the so With budget shortfalls and for guns. Several drug delivery called “wannabes” have long staffing issues, tracking, docu- cases have been executed past. menting and sharing gang against gang members from As documented by the U.S. intelligence is an ever growing the Surenos, Crips, Bloods and Department of Justice (DOJ), challenge. Programs being even Juggalos gangs where siz- the downturn in the U.S. econ- organized by the U.S. able gun seizures were made. omy has generated a migration Attorney’s Office, Wyoming This trend clearly documents of some big city OG gang ele- Association of Sheriffs and the common street gang ten- ments into Middle America. Chiefs of Police, Wyoming DCI dency to arm themselves with Wyoming has and continues to and the DOJ-funded Project firearms to engage law enforce- suffer from this phenomenon. Safe Neighborhoods are under- ment and rival gang violence. way to expand intelligence With ever growing gas and Wyoming criminal gangs oil well drilling operations scat- gathering and sharing to better continue to evolve to better tered across the state, high deal with the growing gang accommodate what the local dollar unskilled labor positions problems in Wyoming. Other lifestyles and economy will have brought outsiders run- programs to expand law support. Wyoming has long ning to capitalize on these enforcement training on gang dealt with local gang elements wages. In many cases, we have investigations and intervention which in many cases local law witnessed a steady increase of programs are also underway to enforcement referred to as never before seen OG elements better equip authorities for this “wannabes.” With close to 100 surfacing in the jurisdictions challenge. About the author… Elvin Ehrhardt started his career in law enforcement in 1971 as a law enforcement specialist with the United States Air Force and has worked in law enforcement ever since. For the past 12+ years he has been the senior intelligence investigator/analyst with the Wyoming Attorney General’s Division of Criminal Investigation, assigned to the Criminal Intelligence Unit. His edu- cation includes a bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice Administration and a master’s in Criminal Justice and Terrorism Studies. He is a member of the Wyoming Peace Officers Association, Northwest Gang Investigators Association, International Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigations Association, and the National Major Gang Task Force. Ehrhardt can be reached at (307) 777-6615. 50 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report Wyoming gang tattoos and graffiti Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 51 Gangs RMIN Special Report Polynesian gangs: Warriors to gangsters BY TRUDY A. CROPPER WEST VALLEY (UT) POLICE DEPARTMENT s with all crime, gang family is showing disrespect to TSG (Tongan Style Gangsters) A activity dips and then spikes over a series of years. In late 2006 and early the entire family. Loyalty between family members can be very strong and often TCR (Tongan Crip Regulators) TCR/BR (Regulators/Baby Regulators) 2007, high-profile gang crimes Polynesians will defend their committed by Polynesian gang family at all cost. These family KRQ (Krazy Rose Park Queens) members increased as did a ties can also lead to difficulty Rose Park Family rivalry between in investigating Doomstown Crips the two largest crimes and SPI (South Pacific Islanders) Polynesian prosecuting gangs in Utah. suspected SKS (Sandy Kandy Soldiers) Drugs, alcohol Polynesian gang TRG (Tiny Regulator Gang) and violent members. crimes continue In the world TCG is one of the largest to define the of criminal Polynesian gangs across the gang activities. street gangs, United States. There are mem- Polynesian gang Polynesians bers in Northern and Southern members con- have estab- California, Hawaii, Utah, tinue to trade lished them- Nevada and Washington. their cultural values for the life selves as both violent and of crime and have become TCG has a stronghold in forceful. From the very first the Rose Park and Glendale gangsters where their ances- Polynesian gangs they have tors were once warriors. areas—Salt Lake City’s west touted themselves as very side. TCG members have been Many came to the Salt Lake strong and fearless. Most of the involved in all types of criminal area to be near the center of Polynesian street gangs identify activity and violent felonies the LDS Church, while others themselves not only by their including homicides, arson, came to be near family mem- gang, such as Crip or Blood, shootings, robberies, taxing for bers, to seek better economic but also by their ethnicity, drug dealers, drug sales and prospects, and to provide their such as the Tongan Crip Gang. beer thefts. They continue to children with improved aca- be very active in criminal activ- demic opportunities. In Polynesian societies the SAMOAN GANGS ity today. TCG members have been known to commit violent family is the most important DOCUMENTED IN UTAH: felonies such as aggravated component. The family SOS (Sons of Samoa) burglaries, drive-by shootings, includes not only the immedi- PVCC (Park Village Compton aggravated assaults and ate family unit of mother, Crips) firearms violations. TCG con- father and children, but also tinues to maintain its violent the extended family of aunts, SIA (Samoans in Action) way of life. Members continue uncles, grandparents, and KSR (Keepin’ Suckers Runnin’) to have a violent rivalry with cousins. In the Tongan lan- Rose Park Hamos the “Regulators,” a gang that guage there is no separate RSP (Royal Samoan Posse) broke off from TCG in the early word for sibling and cousin 1990s. and at times they are consid- Tongan Gangs Documented in Utah: The Baby Regulators (BR) ered to be one and the same. formed as the younger brothers Disrespecting a member of a TCG (Tongan Crip Gang) and cousins of TCR. In recent 52 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report years the Baby Regulators have some of the TCG and BR mem- Polynesian gang members are been the most active of all bers are closely related to one often reluctant to get involved Polynesian gangs in Utah and another, they have shown that because they don’t want to be often refer to themselves as their gang ties are stronger than considered a “snitch” or they simply “Regulators.” They have their family connections. are afraid of retaliation. Many been involved in violent crimes Many Polynesian gang people are willing to come for- including homicides, attempted members have been found in ward with information anony- homicides, aggravated assaults, possession of a variety of mously; however, very few are burglaries, robberies, home firearms and other weapons, willing to testify in court due to invasions, strong-arm robberies including a grenade. They have possible repercussions. Gang and beer thefts. Gang members access not only to weapons, members will often intimidate have threatened store clerks but also to drugs and alcohol. witnesses, victims, or other with bodily harm, or threatened participants with threats of vio- Like many other gangs, to use a gun, thus turning a lence if information is given. Polynesian gang members and misdemeanor theft into a felony Witness tampering where actu- their associates have found the robbery. This is also a very al violence is used does occur. Internet as a place to represent common practice among TCG Gang members also use idle their gang lifestyle. There are members. The Regulators have threats to their advantage to websites that often talk about been the most powerful and keep good people from getting the gang lifestyle where people prominent Polynesian gang in involved. While these practices will represent their gang set. the past several years. While are not promoted among they are loosely organized, As a result of gang activity Polynesians, they have caused respect is shown to older mem- there are many Polynesian serious problems in convicting bers. They do not seem to have gang members who are incar- violent gang members of the a formal hierarchy. Many mem- cerated in county jails and the crimes that they are commit- bers established themselves as Utah State Prison and incarcer- ting. security for those involved in ated Polynesian gang members, To effectively handle the the methamphetamine trade. as do other gang members, current crisis of Polynesian They serve as tax collectors for tend to congregate along racial gangs, law enforcement and the drug dealers using their fierce lines. Despite what may be Polynesian community must reputations to collect debts going on out on the streets, continue to work together in a from drug users. This has been Polynesians generally unite cooperative effort. Law enforce- apparent in together to form a unified front ment agencies need to increase crimes including while in prison. their knowledge of Polynesian assaults, home Tongans and cultures, discredit inaccurate invasions and Samoans come stereotypes and learn effective burglaries. together and unite ways to successfully work with- as Polynesians In the past in Polynesian communities. The and not as their there has been an Polynesian community must individual gangs. ongoing war continue to acknowledge the BR and TCG mem- between TCG and gang problem and find ways to bers also come BR resulting in direct Polynesian youth away together as homicides, from destructive gang activities Tongans and often put aside attempted homicides, shootings, that are dragging them away the ongoing street war. drive-by shootings, arsons and from the opportunity for suc- other crimes committed against Individuals who are wit- cess that their parents and each other. Despite the fact that nesses to crimes committed by ancestors sacrificed for. About the author… Trudy A. Cropper began working for West Valley City (Utah) Police Department in 1999. She served as a Field Training Officer in the Patrol Division and then became a detective in 2002. She has been assigned as a detective on the H.E.A.T. (High Enforcement apprehension Team), the Salt Lake Area Gang Project/Metro Gang Unit, and the FBI Violent Crimes Task Force. She recently was promoted to sergeant and is currently assigned to the Patrol Division. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 53 Gangs RMIN Special Report Rocky Mountain hot zone BY JIMMY WATTLES olorado has become a training to approximately 5,000 most of the major gangs. The C unique location for the 1% Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (OMGs). In law enforcement personnel, I still am surprised by some com- ments made by law enforcement SOSMC have established two support clubs in Colorado with the Deuces Wild in Greeley and 2001, when the Hells Angels who seem to view these gangs the American Iron in Denver formed its chapter in Denver, as a harmless bunch of beer and Colorado Springs. The Colorado became a place which drinkers, who get in an occa- BMC has its own support now had chapters of the Hells sional bar fight and like to ride clubs in the Peligrosos in Angels, Bandidos, Outlaws, motorcycles Denver and Mongols and the Sons of and give the Los Silence, all considered among stuffed teddy Bravos in the largest and most violent of bears to kids Denver and the OMGs. The “biker wars” in the hospi- Colorado that had been waged else- tal at Springs. where, Hells Angels vs Christmas. These sup- Bandidos, Hells Angels vs Those views port clubs Outlaws, and the Hells Angels are far from are used to vs Mongols, now came to the truth. prepare new Colorado overnight. In the The prospective past eight years, the fears of recruiting for members for law enforcement have been OMG mem- the mother reduced, with only minor inci- bership has clubs. These dents between the rival gangs. been at a clubs exist The on-going rivalries are in frenzied pace for the past eight only because the mother club constant change, as the major years. The Sons of Silence allows them to operate and gangs strive to maintain or ele- (SOSMC) and Bandidos (BMC) they are steadfast in their sup- vate their status and hold on have been the most prolific in port to the mother club and to their territories. Incidents their membership drives. are a constant source of new in other states and even other Since 2000, the BMC has members. countries have an effect on expanded from little more than The Hells Angels (HAMC) how the gangs interact in 15 members in Denver, to its has remained relatively con- Colorado. So, tracking violent current membership of approx- stant in its membership levels incidents that occur between imately 60 in Colorado through and recruits more carefully these gangs all over the world its three chapters in Denver than its rivals. New members becomes a necessity and net- and a chapter in Pueblo. are a rarity with the Angels, working with biker investiga- The SOSMC has not stood but they have found quality tors around the world also by watching. Since 2000, the and dedicated members and becomes a necessity as the SOSMC has almost doubled in seem to want quality more gangs spread their wings on an size in Colorado, with current than quantity. The HAMC has international level. membership of about 110 and also developed its support club Law enforcement should expanding from five chapters to in the newly formed remain vigilant and not become 12. Destroyers. The Destroyers blind to the OMGs. Even after have members living from This expansion and growth investigating the OMGs for 32 Castle Rock, Colorado to mem- can also be seen in the estab- years, and having provided bers living in Wyoming. lishment of “support clubs” by 54 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report This expansion has brought back up their on territory issues among the threats. In rival gangs. Minor skirmishes late January and fights have occurred, but 2009, at the mostly it has been chest yearly Denver thumping and belly bumping Swap Meet, incidents, as the OMGs intelligence attempt to keep their place in was received the 1% world they live in. that indicated Several years ago, the a meeting SOSMC, Colorado’s largest and would take most dominant gang, entered place between into an agreement with the the SOSMC BMC and opened a chapter in and BMC Pueblo, where the BMC had leadership. established a chapter several The BMC told years before. Apparently the the SOSMC if agreement between the two the chapter gangs limited the number of size was not members the SOSMC could support club in Colorado have in its new Southern reduced, the BMC were going Springs to form the new Colorado chapter. In late to start a chapter in Colorado Central Colorado Sons of 2008, intelligence indicated the Springs. Colorado Springs has Silence chapter. Members of BMC in Pueblo were upset with long been considered the Sons the new chapter live in the number of members in the of Silence’s headquarters and Colorado Springs and Pueblo. SOSMC chapter in Pueblo and is considered sacred ground, told the Sons to “thin their where no other OMGs have Officers should be aware herd!” ever established a chapter. In that these gangs travel with a response to the BMC threat, in variety of weapons and should The SOSMC apparently did use caution in contacts with little to reduce its membership February 2009, the SOSMC immediately patched over 14 any of the 1% outlaw gangs and the BMC were going to be members of its American Iron they come in contact with. forced to take a stand and About the author… James “Jimmy” Wattles is a Criminal Investigator with the Colorado Division of Gaming. He joined the division in 2000 after retiring from the Denver Police Department. During his 30-year career with Denver PD, he served as a detective with the Intelligence Unit from 1974 to 2000 and specialized in OMG investigations. He has been a member of the International Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigators Association since 1978 and has provided expert OMG testimony in district courts in Iowa (Sons of Silence) and New Hampshire (Bandidos) as well as in Colorado (Sons of Silence). He can be contacted at email@example.com Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 55 Gangs RMIN Special Report Western States Gang Investigators Network BY WES MCBRIDE ang violence contin- tors. Another goal is to Investigation’s National Gang G ues to plague the nation, especially in the Southwestern states. debunk gang mythology that has grown up around the gangs of the Southwest. An Intelligence Center • Los Angeles Gang Intelligence Network These violent gangs present e-mail list provides a forum for • International Latino Gang a clear and present danger to immediate distribution of Investigator’s Association the public at large and the investigators’ concerns to the network. • ICE internal security of our coun- try. In order to address this The following organizations • FBI Safe Streets Task Force phenomenon from a law form the core of the Western • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, enforcement perspective, a new States Gang Investigators Firearms, and Explosives (Los network of Western states gang Intelligence Network, however Angeles) investigators was formed to any agency or association • San Diego North County discuss this problem. The net- involved in gang investigations Gang Task Force. work consists of the existing or that an interest in that field • Southern California Outlaw Western states gang investiga- is invited to participate: Motorcycle Gang Investigators tor associations, federal agen- • Arizona Gang Investigators Association (SCOMGIA) cies, and law enforcement • California Gang Investigators • Tri-state Outlaw Motorcycle groups involved in the investi- Association Gang Investigators gation of gang violence. This project provides a forum for • Northern California Gang Investigators Association training and the exchanging of information about the various • Orange County Gang CALIFORNIA GANG SITUATION concerns about the gangs in Investigator’s Association Overall, the gang situation the Western United States. It seems to be basically static, yet • Texas Gang Investigator’s was found that there is very lit- still at atrociously high rates. Association tle networking done across It is difficult to get accurate • Oklahoma Gang gang related statistics, because jurisdictional lines, other than Investigator’s Association that established by individual there is no repository for the investigators or gang investiga- • New Mexico Gang Task Force state. Several large depart- tors associations. • GIITEM ments have reported a decline • Northwest Gang Investigator’s in activity. The Western States Gang Investigators Network was Association Violence still remains, pri- established to provide that • STING marily, in the Hispanic gang communication platform. community. The warfare • Inland Empire Gang between Nortenos and Sureno This network is not intend- Investigator’s Association sets is the major problem in ed to be a new gang associa- • Western States Intelligence Northern California, while in tion or to replace or replicate Network the South, the warfare tends to the work that current gang • Rocky Mountain Intelligence be between Sureno sets investigators associations are Network because there are no Norteno now performing. It is a forum • RISSNET sets in Southern California. for those existing organizations This does not diminish the in the western states to meet • California Gang Node problem within the African- regularly and exchange gang Administrators Committee American communities as that information and discuss trends • Federal Bureau of problem also exists, but not at of interest to those investiga- 56 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report the magnitude of the Hispanic they spread into other coun- regenerate in small cells and gangs. tries. When these gang mem- continue their criminal enter- Gang migration from bers decide to return to the prise. A side effect of the fed- California to other states U.S., they tend to enter through eral prosecution and convic- remains a major problem. The the porous border along the tions of various prison gang Sureno umbrella, in particular, Western states and spread east members has in some cases has made its way across the and northeast, following the caused the federal prison sys- nation. Southern California migrant worker patterns. They tem to suffer. The inmates are Hispanic gangs are represented are particularly adept at seek- scattered into federal prisons throughout the Southern and ing out low paying agricultural around the country, which Midwestern states. The Eastern and meat processing jobs. spreads their influence like a seaboard is also a major target California gang investiga- communicable disease. Not of some of the California gangs, tors continue to hear that the only are the prisons affected but particularly the MS-13. California Crips and Bloods are also the surrounding communi- Florencia gang out of South L.A. major gangs on the Eastern ties as families of the gangster has spread into several states. seaboard, however, after con- move in to be close to their This gang is an old traditional sultation with detectives from incarcerated family member. Mexican-American gang that is that area, we are convinced It is through the efforts of also well represented in the that those Eastern versions of gang investigators associations Mexican Mafia. 18th Street the Crips and Bloods are relat- and members of WSGIN that gang is the largest Hispanic ed in name only. There seems some of these problems can be gang in Southern California to be no continuing interaction alleviated by regular exchanges and a rival to the MS-13. Both between the various sets. of information and briefings. have spread their tentacles Prison gangs are a continu- Personal contacts are from America throughout ing problem, as is their inter- enhanced when the parties Central America. Much of this action with the street gangs. know each other and tend to is attributable to the deporta- While federal RICO cases have be more attentive to the needs tion of violent gangsters back splintered some of the gangs, of the other investigators. to their homelands of El they have the unique ability to Salvador and Honduras, where About the author… Of the 36 years Wes McBride spent as a Los Angeles Sheriff ’s Deputy, 28 of those years were spent in the agency’s gang unit. McBride retired as a sergeant. He is executive director of the California Gang Investigator’s Association and co-author of the textbook, “Understanding Street Gangs.” He is an advisory board member of the National Gang Center and guest lecturer for various law enforcement institutions and academies and university programs worldwide. He assisted the U.S. State Department with the formation of a gang training program for South Africa and a counselor to the International Advisory Board for the Department for the Study of the Contemporary Criminal Menace, located in Paris, France. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 57 Gangs RMIN Special Report California DOC and Rehabilitation BY BRIAN PARRY he California T Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) has approximately 300,000 inmates and parolees under its jurisdiction, making it one of the largest prison and parole systems in the free world. The CDCR is in crisis. It is operat- ing at almost 200 percent capacity. The severe over- crowding contributes to a number of operational prob- lems. The number of gangs and gang members and their violence only exacerbates the crisis. It is estimated that half of the inmates and parolees— about 150,000—are involved with gangs to one degree or another. ons (200 percent capacity) • Approximately 30 The CDCR’s medical divi- riots/disturbances monthly sion is under federal receiver- • 125,000 parolees (70 percent recidivism rate) (Surenos in about half) ship and the department’s use of force policy and incidents • Approximately 6500 inmates • 29 lock downs a month (dis- are also under federal scrutiny. in private facilities rupts programming) A federal judge is consider- • 16,000 parole absconders (at • Average of 14 homicides a ing releasing 22,000 to 50,000 large with felony warrants) year inmates from prison if CDCR • 150,000 estimated gang • 25,000 inmates assigned to cannot adopt a reasonable members soft yards – sensitive needs solution to the overcrowding yards which translates to pro- • 10,000 validated gang mem- problem. This of course would tective security yards, with a bers be the equivalent of a tsunami lengthy waiting list crime wave, impacting not only • Six major prison gangs • Average nine assaults a day California but its neighboring (Mexican Mafia, Aryan on staff states as well. CDCR’s Parole Brotherhood, Nuestra Familia, Northern Structure, Black • Major conflicts between Division, with a current recidi- Surenos and Nortenos vism rate of 70 percent, would Guerilla Family, Nazi Low be severely impacted. Riders) • Approximately 900 other INFORMATION ON MAJOR gangs including street gangs A STATISTICAL SNAPSHOT and disruptive groups GANGS REVEALS: OF CDCR REVEALS: • Approximately 20,000 illegal Mexican Mafia • 170,000 inmates in 33 pris- criminal aliens in the system • Some talk of attempting to for- mulate a leadership structure 58 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Gangs RMIN Special Report (no single source of leadership since the death of Joe Morgan) • Books are open for recruit- ment, some connections to Los Zetas Aryan Brotherhood • Recruiting from PEN1 and other White groups • Have a contract or “green light” on members of the United Society of Aryan Skins (USAS) • Being courted by the Nuestra Familia to align against the Mexican Mafia Black Guerilla Family • Same leadership since the mid-1970s • Recruiting from Black inmate population • At peace with Kumi • Some cross recruitment with the Ansar El Mohammed (AEM) • Keeping Crips and Bloods in line for the time being Nuestra Familia/Northern Structure • NF wrote new constitution • Instructed all street regi- ments to pay allegiance to the California NF and not to he Federal NF About the author… Brian Parry worked for the California Department of Corrections for more than 30 years and retired in 2002 as the assistant director of the Law Enforcement and Investigations Unit. The Unit was responsible for gang suppression, intelligence and man- agement, apprehension of paroled fugitives and escapees, officer involved shootings, threat assessments and other investigative duties. Parry has a bachelor’s degree from the University of Dayton and has been a firearms instructor, polygraph examiner and a licensed private investigator. He received the Distinguished Service Medal on behalf of the Unit’s exemplary work during the 1993 Los Angeles riot. He also has served was a parole agent, special agent and chief of Investigations. Parry has taught all over the country on gangs and officer safety issues and has served as an expert witness and consultant for several agencies on gang related issues since his retirement. He has authored several articles on gang related issues and currently is on contract to the FBI’s National Gang Intelligence Center working on gang intelligence related issues. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 59 Gangs RMIN Special Report Appendix A Gang investigator’s toolbox Johnson for weapons. Secondly, the court noted that Proposed Law This revealed Johnson, a discussing issues unrelated to prohibited possessor, had a the stop does not change the Regarding firearm. Johnson was arrested, nature of the lawful detention so long as the ancillary ques- tried and convicted for being a Pat Downs prohibited possessor. tioning does not “measurably extend the stop.” (citing Johnson appealed his con- Johnson v. Arizona, Muehler v. Mena, 544 U.S. 93 viction. The Arizona Court of ___S.Ct.___, 2009 WL 160434 (2005)). Third, the Court noted Appeals reversed the conviction (Jan. 26, 2009) that when an officer makes a reasoning that when the officer Holding: traffic stop and contacts a pas- began to question Johnson senger, the same considera- A traffic stop may permis- about matters unrelated to the tions as to officer safety apply sibly lead to a protective “pat traffic stop, the nature of the regarding the passenger as the down” on vehicle passengers contact had changed from driver (citing Maryland v. when the officer has a reason- detention of a passenger as Wilson, 519 U.S. 408 (1997)). able belief that the passenger part of a traffic stop to a con- And finally, the Court noted may be armed and dangerous. sensual conversation about that when an officer has a rea- Questions to the involved pas- Johnson’s gang affiliation. sonable belief that a person is senger about matters unrelated With that, the Court of Appeals armed and dangerous, the offi- to the original traffic stop do ruled that the officer had no cer may conduct a protective not change the nature of the right to “pat down” Johnson “pat down” to ensure his or her original detention or constitute even if the officer reasonably safety and that of the public an unlawful search or seizure. believed that Johnson might be (Johnson v. Arizona, ___ Facts: armed and dangerous. The S.Ct.___, 2009WL160434, p. 7). Arizona Supreme Court refused Officers in Tucson stopped to review the Court of Appeals a vehicle for a civil traffic viola- decision. Ultimately, the State Note: tion. Johnson was a rear seat of Arizona appealed and the passenger in the vehicle. An This case does not overrule case was heard by the United the holding set forth in In re officer noticed that Johnson States Supreme Court. was dressed in attire consis- Ilono H, 210 Ariz. 473, 113 tent with a Crips street gang The United States Supreme P.3d 696 (App. Div. 2, 2005) member. The officer ques- Court’s opinion recognizes that wherein the Court of Appeals tioned Johnson about his pos- a passenger in vehicle which is overturned the defendant’s sible gang affiliation and stopped for a legitimate traffic conviction because the police learned that he was from an violation is detained just as is had a generalized suspicion area with a known Crip gang the driver of such vehicle (cit- that the defendant might be population and that Johnson ing Brendlin v. California, 551 involved in gang activity largely had served time in prison for a U.S. 249 (2007). by virtue of the fact that the burglary. Following this, the Thus, the lawfulness of the defendant was seen loitering in officer had Johnson step out of detention of a passenger in a a park area that was noted for the car and “patted down” vehicle stop is not an issue. gang activity. 60 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Appendix B Gangs RMIN Special Report Gang investigator associations and meetings • Utah Gang Investigators • National Gang Center: • Oklahoma Gang Investigators Association: http://www.ugia.org http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov Association: http://www.ogia.us/ • Arizona Gang Investigators • National Major Gang Task Force: • Northern California Gang Association: http://www.nmgtf.org Investigators Association: https://www.arizonaagia.com • National Criminal Justice http://www.ncgia.com/ • Northwest Gang Investigator Reference Service: • North Carolina Gang Investigators Association: http://www.nwgia.com http://www.ncjrs.gov/spotlight/gan Association: • New Mexico Gang Task Force: gs/summary.html http://www.ncgangcops.org/ http:www.dps.nm.org • Florida Gang Investigators • New York Gang Investigators • International Latino Gang Association: http://www.fgia.com Association: http://www.nygia.org/ Investigator Association: • East Coast Gang Investigators • New Jersey Gang Investigators http://www.ilgia.org Association: http://www.ecgia.org/ Association: http://www.njgia.org/ • International Outlaw Motorcycle • Gang Related Legislation: • Ontario Gang Investigators Gang Investigator Association: http://www.iir.com/nygc/gang- Association: http://www.ongia.org/ https://www.iomgia.net legis/#State • National Alliance of Gang • Colorado Security Threat • California Gang Investigator’s Investigator’s Associations: Intelligence Network Group: Association: http://www.nagia.org/ http:www.coloradosting.org http://www.cgiaonline.org/ • Tennessee Gang Investigators • National Major Gang Task Force: • Colorado Security Threat Association (TNGIA): http://www.tn- http://www.nmgtf.org Intelligence Network Group (STING): gia.ning.com/ • Idaho Gangs: www.idahogangs.com http://www.coloradosting.org/ • International Latino Gang • Montana Outlaw Motorcycle Gang • Georgia Gang Investigator’s Investigators Association: Investigators Association: http://www.ggia.net/ http://www.ilgia.org/ • Treasure Valley Regional Gang • Great Lakes International Gang • Arizona Gang Investigators Task Force (Idaho) Investigators Coalition: Association: http://arizonagia.com/ http://www.gligic.org/ • Utah Gang Investigators • Idaho Department of Corrections • Mid-Atlantic Regional Gang Association: • Tri-State Intelligence Association Investigators Network: http://www.ugiaonline.org/ (Nevada, California, Arizona) http://www.margingangs.org/ • Idaho Gangs: • Salt Lake Area Gang Project • Midwest Gang Investigators http://www.idahogangs.com/ • Skinhead Information Network Association: http://www.mgia.org/ • National Gang Intelligence Center • East Valley Gang and Criminal • Virginia Gang Investigators Public Information: Information Fusion Center (Mesa, Association: http://www.usdoj.gov/criminal/ngic/ AZ) http://vgia.org/web/news.php • Pennsylvania Gang Investigators • Western States Gang Intelligence • Texas Gang Investigators Association: http://www.pagia.org/ Network Association: http://www.tgia.net/ • Kansas Gang Investigators • Midwest Cycle Intelligence • Connecticut Gang Investigators Association: Organization Association: http://www.ctgia.org/ http://www.kgiakansas.com/ • Consolidated Gang Intelligence • South Carolina Gang Investigators’ • Central Coast Gang Investigator Team and Regional Gang Unit Association: Association (CCGIA): (Carson City, NV) http://www.scgia.com/main.htm http://ccgia.org/index.html • East Valley and West Valley Gang • NorthWest Gang Investigator Task Forces (Arizona) Association: http://www.nwgia.com/ Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 61 Gangs RMIN Special Report Appendix B Resources within the RMIN region: • National Alliance of Gang Investigators Associations: http://www.nagia.org • Arizona Gang Investigators Association: https://www.arizonaagia.com • New Mexico Gang Task Force: http:www.dps.nm.org • International Latino Gang Investigator Association: http://www.ilgia.org • International Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigator Association: https://www.iomgia.net • Colorado Security Threat Intelligence Network Group: RMIN produces a Gang and Domestic http:www.coloradosting.org Terrorism Newsletter that’s distributed • National Major Gang Task Force: http://www.nmgtf.org electronically. The e-newsletter contains RMIN region state-by-state gang and domes- • Idaho Gangs: www.idahogangs.com tic terrorism updates and analysis. Contact • Utah Gang Investigators Association: http://www.ugia.org Brian Novotny, Criminal Intelligence Analyst with RMIN, at firstname.lastname@example.org if you’d like to be added to the distribution list. Gangs defined by Sentencing guidelines defined by statute Arizona Statute 13-105 “Criminal street gang” means an ongoing formal or informal 13-709.02 association of persons in which members or associates individ- C. A person who is convicted of committing any ually or collectively engage in the commission, attempted com- felony offense with the intent to promote, further or mission, facilitation or solicitation of any felony act and that assist any criminal conduct by a criminal street gang has at least one individual who is a criminal street gang mem- shall not be eligible for suspension of sentence, pro- ber. bation, pardon or release from confinement on any “Criminal street gang member” means an individual to basis except as authorized by section 31-233, sub- whom at least two of the following seven criteria that indicate section A or B until the sentence imposed by the criminal street gang membership apply: court has been served, the person is eligible for release pursuant to section 41-1604.07 or the sen- (a) Self-proclamation. tence is commuted. The presumptive, minimum and (b) Witness testimony or official statement. maximum sentence for the offense shall be increased (c) Written or electronic correspondence. by three years if the offense is a class 4, 5 or 6 (d) Paraphernalia or photographs. felony or shall be increased by five years if the (e) Tattoos. offense is a class 2 or 3 felony. The additional sen- tence imposed pursuant to this subsection is in (f) Clothing or colors. addition to any enhanced sentence that may be (g) Any other indicia of street gang membership. applicable. 62 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Appendix C Gangs RMIN Special Report How to: Create a historical document for gang investigations hen a gang arrives in a community, it W often takes time before the gang appears on law enforcement’s radar screen. Many gangs no longer dress as gang members, congregate in groups or commit highly visible crimes to establish credibility. Instead, many gangs are attempting to fly under the radar screen to avoid interference by local law enforce- ment. The following is an example of a “gang histori- cal” document that was created by members of the Tempe (Arizona) Police Department. Names and addresses have been redacted. The creation and continued ongoing mainte- nance of a gang historical document has several benefits. First and most importantly, the document cre- ates the necessary “backbone and foundation” for any attempt at prosecuting a member of the gang. Without a historical perspective on the gang, law enforcement could only hope for a con- viction against a member of the gang. The two most important questions you will be asked to prove in a criminal trial are: Q1: Is the defendant a member of a criminal street gang? A: If you answer yes, you will be asked to justify your answer. Q2: What gang does the defendant belong to? A: You will be asked to justify why you think the group is a criminal street gang. CONTINUED... Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 63 Gangs RMIN Special Report Appendix C • Research your state correc- tions department and find the “OGs” (Old Gangsters) and determine where they are incarcerated. Work with your state correc- tions Security Threat Group experts to set up an interview. With the right approach, most people will talk to you because they want you and everyone else to believe their gang has credibility. • Talk to current gang mem- bers about their thoughts on the gang, and what they know about the history of their gang. • Obtain and download copies of newspaper articles featuring the gang. It doesn’t matter how large The ability to answer these complete a gang historical doc- or small your agency is, there two questions may hinge on ument on each and every gang. are two simple facts: having a historical perspective The person completing the doc- First: Every agency that on the gang. ument could utilize the follow- has a gang (or gangs) in its We have also included a ing tips: community needs to complete “what to include guide” for his- • Start the historical perspec- a gang historical document on torical gang documents. The tive as far back as possible. each gang. guide was prepared by Tempe Talk to retired officers who Second: People within Police Department Gang Unit worked the area when the gang your agency who knows some- Detective Tim Moriarty. was formed. thing about the gang will If you have known criminal • Find and talk to people who someday retire and as they street gangs within your com- were in the neighborhood when walk out the door, they’ll take munity, someone within your their knowledge with them the gang was formed. agency should be asked to unless it has been saved. 64 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Appendix C Gangs RMIN Special Report Compiling a Historical Document on Street Gangs BY DET. TIM MORIARTY TEMPE (AZ) POLICE DEPARTMENT GANG UNIT When did the street gang start Does the street gang derive its 3. Does the STG choose the gang because of the gang’s reputation? and when did it become active beliefs from racial pride, its bar- 4. Do the gang’s members show immediate allegiance to STG once (looking for dates)? rio, its religion, or its culture? in prison? 1. Where/how the street gang’s 5. Are there members of the name originated. 1. Are there families or persons street gang who are patched 2. Who were the founding mem- of major influence in the gang? members of the STG? bers of the gang? 2. Is the street gang money 6. Are there members of the 3. Does gang have/feel responsi- oriented or more focused on the street gang who are high ranking bility to protect “barrio”? members of the STG? barrio pride? 4. Who do gang members have to protect the barrio from? 5. Who are considered rivals; What type of criminal activity Tattoos, clothing and hand signs main rival historically? 1. Common tattoos for the street 6. Boundaries of the neighbor- is the street gang involved in? gang. hood the gang claims. 1. Motivation for criminal acts. 2. Any tattoos that show alle- 7. Size of gang in the beginning 2. Do criminal acts change one’s giance to STG or that a gang and estimated size currently. status or rank within gang? member has done work in prison 8. What is the racial make-up of 3. Does prison change/effect sta- for the STG. the street gang? tus in the gang? 3. What are the hand signs? -Are there exceptions if it is 4. How does the gang perceive 4. What color or type of clothing through family? civilians? do gang members wear to identi- 5. How does the gang react or fy themselves as members of the treat other non-rival street gangs? gang? Is the street gang 6. How does the gang react to multi-generational? Mexican Nationals or Paisas? Females in the gang 1. How can someone get into the 7. How does the gang react to 1. Can women be members of the gang? “snitches”? street gang? a. Jumped in 8. How does the gang react to 2. What do the women have to do b. Born-in other races? to gain membership in the street gang? c. Commit criminal act 2. Can a gang member be from What is street gang’s link to 3. What is the status of women in outside the neighborhood and the gang? still join the gang? the prison Security Threat a. If not, will family ties change that rule? Groups (i.e., New Eme, AB, Mau What is the street gang’s 3. Gang’s main area or hangout Mau)? reputation and how did it get inside the neighborhood? 1. Does the gang commit crimes 4. Chain of command or rank for STGs and if so, what kind of the reputation? structure within the gang? 1. Major events in the gang’s crimes? history. 5. Have the gangs rivals changed 2. Does STG have control over the over the years? gang’s neighborhood (i.e., taxes)? Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 65 Gangs RMIN Special Report Appendix C La Victoria Locos: A historical perspective BY TEMPE (AZ) POLICE DEPARTMENT GANG UNIT n 1945, the Victory Acres public works and substandard their barrio, which included the I neighborhood was estab- lished several miles east of town, next to the Tempe Canal. housing in the area. The Escalante Center was built in 1971 to house county-funded mart. The territory La Victoria Locos gang members protect has gradu- George Tibshraeny, a Lebanese social programs that had started ally changed since the Loop 101 immigrant, subdivided 80 acres of at St. Margaret’s Catholic Church. freeway was built in the early to farmland and offered one-acre lots Soon after, a federal Community mid-’90s. The freeway runs direct- for sale to soldiers returning from Development Block Grant provid- ly through the middle of the old World War II. The long lots were ed sewers, storm drains, under- Victory Acres neighborhood, now good for raising gardens and ani- ground utilities, paved streets and creating two separate neighbor- mals, and the land was priced sidewalks to the neighborhood. In hoods. Prior to the arrival of the low. Word of these lots spread 1974, an area of 230 households Wet Back Power (WBP) street gang among the Mexican families, and was designated as a redevelop- that is LVL’s main rival street most of the first settlers were ment area, and the city received gang, La Victoria’s boundaries returning Hispanic servicemen HUD funds to rehabilitate housing stretched from McClintock Drive who built their own homes. A in the neighborhood. New homes east to Evergreen and from small tight-knit community that were built without displacing the Apache Blvd. north to University included St. Margaret’s Catholic homeowners. The large one acre Drive. Since the arrival of WBP, Church, two stores and a saloon lots were divided and new houses and more importantly the con- quickly developed. were built on back lots facing new struction of the Loop 101 freeway, The hope for a “victorious” war streets. The old houses were then the main concentration of La effort, as well as a reference to the cleared and more new homes were Victoria’s barrio is now east of the configurations of the lots being built. Loop 101 to the Mesa border, and conducive to planting “victory” During the 1960s, the still, Apache Boulevard north to gardens on the one “acre” size lots Hispanic Street Gang “La Victoria University. Some members of LVL lead to the name “Victory Acres.” Locos” (LVL) had developed and have begun to move outside These lots were large and allowed become active in the area subse- Victory Acres into west Mesa, the the new land owners to use the quently giving the Victory Acres Salt River Reservation just north space to make a living various community a bad reputation. The of Mesa, and different areas of the ways. The original streets in La Victoria Locos continued to East Valley, including Gilbert and Victory Acres were also named by claim this neighborhood as their Chandler. the Tibshraenys: George and territory or “barrio” and had now Second and third generation Maryland after themselves; become a second and third gener- LVL gang members grew up Lebanon after their country of ori- ation gang. Since the inception of attending Thew School, followed gin; Roosevelt (now Evergreen) the gang, La Victoria Locos gang by Connolly Middle School, and after the popular president; members have held the belief that then McClintock High School. Victory as the central street of the it is their duty and responsibility Some of the past and present local subdivision; and McArthur after to protect their barrio from out- LVL gang hangouts include the the revered general. siders, including other rival street intersection of Victory and George, Victory Acres, or La Victoria, gangs. Examples of this mindset where large groups of LVL gang was annexed by Tempe in 1960. It are cases of LVL gang members members, sometimes up to 100, remained a relatively undeveloped assaulting people who unknowing- will hang out on any given corner neighborhood of mostly low ly would stop at the Sunshine and loiter, harass and assault income Hispanic families. In the Convenience Mart at University “outsiders” as well as starting early 1970s, the City of Tempe and Evergreen. LVL gang mem- bonfires and hosting rock throw- decided to deal with the lack of bers would assault these unsus- ing parties. There are houses near pecting citizens simply for being in 66 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Appendix C Gangs RMIN Special Report the intersection of Victory and prison for numerous offenses in bers made numerous taggings in George belonging to the Bello and the past 30 years. More recently, and on the property showing sup- Perez families where family mem- members of the Piniera and port for Betty. The City of Tempe bers, as well as LVL gang mem- Montoya families are now serving is working with members of the bers, will hang out in the front long prison terms for numerous community to determine what the yard, have parties, and stand violent offenses they have been property should become. Several watch over the intersection. Other prosecuted for in the past 10 community members from the hangouts of LVL gang members years. Victory Acres neighborhood have include the Sunshine Convenience The years 2003-2006 were thanked the Tempe Police Mart and Escalante Park. very active for the rivalry between Department for tearing down the Currently, the main rival for WBP and LVL. The Tempe Police house. LVL gang members is the Wet Department’s Gang Unit worked On Mother’s Day, May 14, Back Power North Tempe and continually with School Resource 2006, several LVL members were East Side Wet Back Power street Officers and community members having a party at the corner of gangs. Problems between LVL and to identify problem areas and the Victory and George. The members these two street WBP sets started gang members likely perpetuating were drinking and some were when Mexican immigrants started the rivalry. Members of both LVL using drugs (including metham- moving into the neighborhood and WBP were arrested on various phetamines and marijuana) and between McClintock Drive and charges including assault, aggra- jumped in a new gang member. Smith. Many of these immigrants vated assault, threatening and During the party the group was and children of the immigrants intimidating to promote a criminal talking about taking the neighbor- were degraded and beaten by the syndicate, and assisting a crimi- hood back from outsiders, specifi- LVL gang on a continual basis at nal syndicate. Some of the victims cally “the wetbacks.” The group which time the immigrants formed who were targeted were not docu- was stirred up by a passing vehi- WBP to protect themselves. As mented members of either gang cle believed to be occupied by stated before, WBP began to claim and investigations revealed they members of a rival gang who were the west side of the old Victory were only targeted because of throwing up gang signs as they Acres as their territory, causing their perceived relation to the rival drove by the corner of Victory and an obvious problem for the non- gang (e.g., Mexican Nationals were George. The group of gang mem- gang related citizens as well as thought to be members of WBP bers left the corner and chased police. WBP now claims the area and assaulted just because they after the vehicle which sped away. between McClintock east to Smith, were “wetbacks”). The gang then stopped in front of and Apache, north to University, In December 2004, the Tempe 2416 E. Laird where a Mexican as its territory. Adding to the feud PD Gang Unit completed a five- family was celebrating Mother’s between LVL and WBP, most of year investigation into drug sales Day. The gang began to threaten the children related to both gang’s from the Gomez house at 2227 E. and intimidate the family by members go to the same schools Randall in Tempe. This house was claiming the neighborhood to be (Thew, Connolly and McClintock). run by Beatrice Vargas who is “their barrio” and told the family LVL’s original main rival was known as “Old Lady Betty” in the members to “go back to Los Cuatros Milpas (LCM) street neighborhood. Betty and LVL gang Mexico…this is the Victoria.” In an gang from South Phoenix. LVL’s members used the house to sell attempt to calm the situation, the current rivals include WBP, methamphetamines, heroine, and homeowner approached the gang Southside Chandler, and any gang marijuana for profit. The drugs members, telling them there was from Mesa regardless of its loca- being sold by Betty were reported- no problem and asking them to tion in Mesa. ly linked to the New Mexican leave his family alone. An LVL Mafia (an Arizona Department of member assaulted the slightly Currently there are 270 docu- Corrections prison gang). The built homeowner, knocking him to mented gang members and associ- house was seized by the City of the ground. The owner’s brother- ates of LVL. Many of the “older” Tempe during a criminal forfeiture in-law called police and tried to gang members including members process and subsequently break up the fight. At this time, from the Gomez, Montemayor, destroyed in May 2005. Before the LVL member Matt Perez shot and Casteneda, Ochoa, and Medina house was torn down, LVL mem- killed the brother-in-law with a families have been in and out of Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 67 Gangs RMIN Special Report Appendix C .44 caliber handgun. All the LVL LVL. On 03-02-07 William Bello lights shine in the neighbors yard members fled the scene, leaving aka Bully JR was arrested (07- as the neighbor is the “God the man to die in front of his wife, 019339) for assisting a criminal Father” of the neighborhood. No his newborn son, pregnant sister street gang, threaten and intimi- direct threats could be established and other family members. dating to further a criminal street for a criminal investigation Within a few days Matt Perez gang and failure to obey a police though the landowner stated he (aka “Monster”) had tagged the officer when. would move his son out of the area of Victory and George and Detective Campbell has been neighborhood and rent the prop- other parts of the neighborhood, working with Mesa PD over the erty. bragging about taking the neigh- last three weeks on a shooting The residence at 2331 E Don borhood back. A three-month that occurred in their city. It has Carlos has long been reported to investigation led to the arrest of been learned that Matt Perez's be a drug house. The occupants Perez for the Mother’s Day homi- Cousin Paul Perez (AKA Paul are an elderly couple Esteban cide. Others involved in the Perez-Para, Paul Para) was Garcia (retired USPS) and Yolanda threatening and intimidating were attempting to shoot at witnesses Jaime. Yolanda Jaime’s son, Rudy used as witnesses in the homicide to the Tempe murder trial. It is Jaime, has been sentenced to the or charged in the crime. The believed that Paul backed out at AZ DOC for numerous charges Tempe PD Gang Unit received tips the last minute and was seen by including narcotics charges and that LVL gang members were witnesses handing a .45 caliber vehicle theft. Search warrants threatening family members of the hand gun to a subject we only have been served on the property witnesses to the homicide and know as “BULL” and he then did by the Chandler Police those witnesses were warned the shooting. Two rounds entered Department Auto Theft Division about “snitching” against the a garage several houses down and and the Tempe Gang Unit for nar- gang. At this time no valid threats went through one side and out cotics crimes. have been sustained. The Tempe the other. This particular night a Currently the Gang Unit is Gang Unit continues to work and boy in that house was having a still seeing a rivalry between WBP develop relationships within the sleep over with several friends in and LVL on the McClintock High community to assure any threats the garage. The bullets went over School Campus. WBP and LVL aren’t acted upon. them by two feet as they slept on members and associates were In 2006 during the Mother’s the garage floor. contacted at the McClintock High Day homicide investigation, it was In September 2007 the Tempe School and Tempe High School as learned that members of LVL were Gang Unit received information both gangs were representing upset about the conditions of the that a new house built on the their respective colors and a lot of Acres, especially the way that S/W corner of Don Carlos and posturing was occurring at the Mexican Nationals and other George is occupied by a White col- game. After the game a fight gangs such as West Side Mesa lege student. Complaints have between 6 LVL mem- and WBP North Tempe had been arisen from the landown- bers/associates and 2 suspected allowed to enter into their neigh- er/investor/parent of the student members of WBP broke out in the borhood. The Tempe Gang Unit stating his son has been middle of the street (Del Rio just has learned information that approached by people in the east of McClintock). The fight was members of LVL have stated they neighborhood who are complain- broken up by police just as it are going to take their neighbor- ing about the parties the college started and no-punches were hood back. student is throwing and the trash thrown. The LVL mem- As a result of the homicide being found on the street because bers/affiliates had a gun with investigation, members of LVL of them. The neighbors reportedly them at the fight but the gun was were labeled “snitches” and told the student that “Anglos” are not displayed. attempts have been made to run not typically welcome in the On February 10th 2008 specific individuals out of the neighborhood and he should be Documented LVL gang member, neighborhood. On 02-03-07, careful. A comment was also Jaime Martinez, and a female Ezekiel Soliaza was arrested (07- made about the house behind his associate, Sawajee Chiquette, con- 020230) for punching Daniel house at 2331 E Don Carlos stat- ducted a carjacking of a resident Estrada then giving a shout out to ing the student should not let his living in the Oaks (condos border- 68 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Appendix C Gangs RMIN Special Report ing the Acres to the East). 2008, and it was clear these tags October and November 2008 in Immediately after stealing the vehi- were directly related to the upcom- and around Escalante Park though cle they went into Mesa where they ing trial as one of the witness’s all suspects are gone by the time did a home invasion. Both Mesa (Daniel Estrada) grandmother’s police arrive. On Nov. 7, 2008, sev- and Tempe Police Officers were in homes was tagged with large let- eral male subjects that were hang- the area and contacted the vehicle. ters “FUCK SNITCHES” as well as ing out at 2117 E. Howe Avenue (a Martinez began firing on Officers LVL tags directly across the street. common LVL hangout just south of from his vehicle that Chiquette was Photos of the graffiti along with Escalante Park) confronted another driving. Chiquette surrendered and several hours of recorded jail tapes LVL member (Emmanuel jumped out of the moving vehicle of Matt Perez talking to family and “Shamrock” Serrano) who was while Martinez exited also. friends about snitches and how to leaving the house after talking with Martinez walked up to officers deal with them were turned over to a female subject (08-187448). The while firing at them as they tried to Matt’s defense attorney. Members group surrounded Serrano and at retreat. Martinez was killed by of the Perez and Bello family were least five subjects assaulted him returning gunfire. According to notified of the potential cases causing serious physical injury. Mesa PD Martinez’ family is upset against them and asked not to Two of the suspects were identified with the police for killing Jaime. It intimidate or hurt any victims or and arrested for aggravated should be noted that Martinez was witnesses related to the Mother’s assault, Roger and Jonathon also being investigated by MCSO Day Homicide Investigation. Matt Austin (LVL members). A notice for two drive-by shootings against pleaded guilty to the Second was mailed to Joe Yanez (the sus- affiliates of Varrio Guadalupe Degree Murder on March 24th pects’ grandfather and RP for the Locos and striking a female pas- 2008, and was sentenced to 20 residence) from the Crime senger of a vehicle driving east- years in prison on May 23rd 2008. Prevention Unit notifying the resi- bound on Guadalupe into Tempe. The symbols for LVL now also dents about the illegal activity The vehicle was again shot at while include the Tempe “T,” ASU occurring at the residence and the turning northbound on Rural Road (maroon color and ASU symbol) as notice included a warning about from Guadalupe. The female was well as the ASU Sun Devil the Criminal Abatement statutes. reportedly an ex-girlfriend of (Sparky). The Sparky tattoo has On Dec. 13, 2008, LVL and Martinez. been seen on both Steven Ferrell Guadalupe (VGL gang members At the end of February 2008 and Tyson Salas (both LVL mem- seen at the event) had their annual LVL member Rafael Jaramillo and ber). On 5-24-08 a vehicle occu- football game at the new park on Daniel Holman (not a documented pied by Steven Fowler and Paul McArthur (Esquer Park). The event member) conducted a home inva- Brandon Hale (both LVL members) was well attended with many of the sion on a suspected drug house was displaying a Sparky sticker on LVL subjects wearing maroon or near 1900 E. Hayden Lane in the rear window. The annual LVL Black t-shirts with La Victoria writ- Tempe. Jaramillo and Holman tied football game also has all LVL ten on them along with a skull up the five occupants of the resi- members and affiliates dressed logo. The Tempe Gang Unit and dence at gunpoint and stole down in ASU clothing and maroon Mesa Gang Unit conducted surveil- approximately $7,000 in property colors. A group photo of the LVL lance and ensured the safety of the from the residence. Both suspects team was discovered on a MySpace surrounding citizens. The Gang were later arrested and charged account of an LVL member. Maroon Unit originally learned about the with robbery and kidnapping. colored flags (or bandanas) have game through a phone call from a During the month of March been displayed by LVL members at concerned citizen from the neigh- 2008 the Acres received more than McClintock High School Football borhood who was fearful violence 50 new LVL taggings throughout games in 2007-2008. LVL claims might break out between the two the neighborhood including every these symbols as synonymous with gangs. There was one small fight entrance to the neighborhood. the gang as their territory is adja- that broke out on the field during Some of the tags depicted anti- cent to the ASU campus and hous- play but was broken up by both snitching slogans. The Mother’s ing facilities. sides. Noah Morales (LVL) signed Day (Matt Perez) homicide trial was Tempe PD has received several for the event permit. scheduled to begin on March 31, fight and assault calls between Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 69 Gangs RMIN Special Report Appendix D RISSGang Project™ hink of RISSGang as one of Each page contains news items, WHO CAN ACCESS RISSGANG? T many tools you can use in the battle against gangs. RISSGang can serve as your agency’s documents, publications, graphics, pictures, and links to other websites related to gangs and gang-identifying RISSGang is available to all law enforcement and criminal justice agen- cies. sole gang intelligence database or it information. Gang-related information can be used to supplement the gang that is more general in nature is pre- database you are now using. sented on the RISSGang website home page. WHAT ARE THE ADDITIONAL The RISSGang Program also offers BENEFITS OF RISSGANG? WHAT IS THE RISS® NATIONAL the RISSGang Bulletin Board, a collab- Through RISSNET™, the RISS GANG PROGRAM? orative information sharing bulletin secure intranet, all RISSGang users The RISS National Gang Program board where authorized users can post are provided with a secure e-mail is a suite of applications, known col- and share gang-related information, address and access to the RISS lectively as RISSGang, that provides a questions and case information. The Automated Trusted Information comprehensive investigative tool to RISSGang Bulletin Board provides a Exchange™ (ATIX). RISS ATIX™ pro- help combat gang-related crimes. The live chat feature for on-line, real-time vides governmental and nongovern- applications include the RISS National communication. mental agency officials and executive Gang Intelligence Database, the staff with secure interagency commu- RISSGang website, and the RISSGang nication and sharing of national secu- Bulletin Board. LINKS AND SPECIAL SECURITY rity, disaster, and terrorist threat infor- FOR YOUR SAFETY mation. Through RISS ATIX, users can access secure web pages, bulletin INTELLIGENCE The RISSGang website provides boards, chat sessions, e-mail and The RISS National Gang links to websites operated by govern- other resources. Intelligence Database provides law ment and private organizations that enforcement agencies with easy access have an interest in tracking and com- to gang information – including sus- bating illegal gang activities, as well as WHY SHOULD I USE websites of interest to law enforcement pects, organizations, weapons, loca- agencies. A special filter is automati- RISSGANG? tions, and vehicles – as well as visual cally applied when a user clicks on one • Easy to Use: The database imagery of gang members, gang sym- of the links to these websites, eliminat- enables users to easily submit and bols, and gang graffiti. ing the ability of the target websites to search information. identify agencies and officers visiting INFORMATION AND RESOURCES the site – you’re an anonymous visitor. • Valuable: RISSGang contains nationwide criminal gang and gang In addition to the multitude of member information. intelligence records contained in the RISS National Gang Intelligence TRAINING • Secure: RISSGang is only avail- Database, users can access additional able by accessing RISSNET, which RISS and other organizations employs state-of-the-art internet tech- tools and resources through the develop training materials and conduct RISSGang website. Gang-specific news, nologies to safeguard and provide fine- training classes on topics of interest to grained access control to resources. documents, and publications are law enforcement agencies involved in organized into topical areas including: • No Cost: Through BJA funding, combating illegal gang activities. The • Motorcycle Gangs • Prison Gangs there is no cost for users to become RISSGang website provides access to a activated or maintain their access to • Ethnic Gangs • Graffiti • Colors collection of that information on a sep- RISSGang. arate page within the site. • Street Gangs • Youth Gangs To get started, talk with your • Tattoos • Crypto/Codes RMIN Field Services Coordinator or • Drug Gangs • Hate Groups visit www.riss.net • Hand Signs • Terminology 70 June 2010 Law Enforcement Sensitive Appendix E Gangs RMIN Special Report Documenting, deciphering gang graffiti Graffiti produced by gang members is different than graffiti produced by non- gang members (“taggers” describes indi- viduals who produce graffiti, often with aerosol paint, and are not associated with a gang). Graffiti should be removed immediate- ly after the graffiti has been: • Documented with date/time/location/ description and other available informa- tion • Photographed and catalogued or filed for easy retrieval • Deciphered, including listing any/all names and whether there are indications the person caused the damage or was list- ed on a “roll call” (a listing of all members of the gang, including the person who caused the damage) • Reviewed for threats. Treat all threats within the graffiti as if they were verbal threats and take the threats seriously. Deciphering gang graffiti: • When something is painted upside down, split in half or crossed out using an “X,” these are signs of disrespect to the particular gang. • Arrows pointing down in gang graffiti is a sign of disrespect to the particular gang. • Arrows pointing up in gang graffiti is a sign of respect for a particular gang. • Gangs will typically use a directional indicator, such as East Side (ES) • Gangs will use their own area code to indicate where they are from. • Gangs will use their state initials or name to “represent” where they are from. • Gangs often use Roman numerals in place of ordinal numbers. • Gangs often list their rivals and allies within the graffiti. Law Enforcement Sensitive June 2010 71 Appendix F Gang signs throughout the RMIN region Gang hand signs are typically used by gang members to identify their gang affiliation to two distinct groups. Gang hand signs are “thrown up” or “stacked” to gang members within their own gang, to their gang allies, to their rivals and/or anyone that they are attempting to disrespect or intimidate by their actions. If a gang member displays an individual hand sign, it is being “thrown up,” however if the gang member combines several signs of a sequence, it is called “stacking” the signs. 3 point The simple display of a gang hand sign to a fellow gang mem- ber may simply imply a high level of respect for their gang and fel- crown - low gang members. However, when signs are shown to rival gang members it is very often the catalyst for a violent encounter. Latin Kings 6 point star - Folk Nation Latin Kings Bloods Heart with wings - Folk Nation Gangs: Their Increasing Grip on the Nation A special report from Rocky Mountain Information Network® John E. Vinson, Executive Director Jeff Pierce, MS, EJD, Deputy Director Val Biebrich, Administrative Services Manager Mark Fritts, Field Services Manager Chuck Schoville, Training Specialist Kate von Seeburg, Publications Editor Kelly L. Reynolds, Publications Support Specialist About the illustrator… Ramon Suarez is the artist who provided the original artwork on the cover of this report. He has been with Corrections Corporation of America for 15 years, the last 10 of which he’s served as the Facility Gang Investigator at the Central Arizona Detention Center in Florence, Arizona. Suarez served with the U.S. Air Force as a security specialist and was deployed to Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. He earned his bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice from the University of Phoenix. Our very special thanks to this talented individual who developed the concept for the cover illustration and then drew it, freehand. The original artwork has been framed and now is on display at Rocky Mountain Information Network headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona. Rocky Mountain Information Network® (RMIN) is one of six regional projects in the United States that comprise the Regional Information Sharing Systems® (RISS). Each project links law enforce- ment agencies from neighboring states into a regional network that interacts with law enforce- ment member agencies nation-wide. Funded by the United States Congress through the Bureau of Justice Assistance, RISS provides secure communications, information sharing resources and in- vestigative support to help detect, deter, prevent and prosecute multi-jurisdictional crime. Head- quartered in Phoenix, Arizona, RMIN serves more than 15,000 law enforcement officers from 1,038 agencies in Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming and Canada. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not represent the offi- cial position or policies of the United States Department of Justice. This report is provided for non- commercial use only and is restricted to law enforcement agencies and personnel. Unauthorized distribution of or posting to a non-RMIN website is prohibited. The recipient is responsible for the security and privacy protection of this information. Published 2010 by Rocky Mountain Information Network P.O. Box 41370 Phoenix, AZ 85080-1370 If you’d like more information about gangs in the RMIN region or are interested in training oppor- tunities available to member agencies at no charge, contact Chuck Schoville, Training Specialist, at email@example.com or (800) 821-0640, ext. 122. For information about gangs and the monthly Gang and Domestic Terrorism e-bulletin produced by RMIN, contact Brian Novotny, CCA, Criminal Intelligence Analyst, at firstname.lastname@example.org or (800) 821-0640, ext. 163. Rocky Mountain Information Network Phoenix, Arizona (800) 821-0640 This project was supported by Grant No. 2008-RS-CX-K004 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and the Office for Victims of Crime. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not represent the official position or policies of the United States Department of Justice.
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