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Abolitionists

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					     Social
  Reformers:
Abolitionists and
 other activists
Abolitionist: A person who is working to
end slavery.

Frederick Douglass: Douglass was a
former slave who escaped and made his
way north. He began speaking out against
slavery and even began his own
newspaper called the North Star.
William Lloyd Garrison: Garrison was one of
the most outspoken white abolitionists. In
1831, he launched his own antislavery
newspaper called the Liberator. He argued
that slavery needed to be ended immediately
because it was evil.
Grimké Sisters: Angelina and Sarah
Grimké grew up in South Carolina in a
slaveholding household. They grew to
hate slavery and moved to the North to
speak out against it.




     Angelina



                             Sarah
American Colonization Society: Wanted
to end slavery by setting up a colony in
Africa for freed slaves. The name of this
colony was Liberia. The colony was
ultimately unsuccessful because the vast
majority of slaves had been born in
America.
The Underground Railroad: Many
abolitionists did not want to wait for the
government to deal with slavery. They
wanted to put an end to slavery immediately.
Some risked being imprisoned or even killed
by helping slaves escape. They formed a
network called the underground railroad.
The most famous “conductor” of the
underground railroad was Harriet Tubman,
an escaped slave herself. She helped rescue
more than 300 slaves over 19 different trips
to the South.
                The Hunters of Men

      Oh, goodly and grand is our hunting to see,
 In this "land of the brave and this home of the free,"
Priest, warrior, and statesman, from Georgia to Maine,
     All mounting the saddle, all grasping the rein;
    Right merrily hunting the black man, whose sin
     Is the curl of his hair and the hue of his skin!

                      - John Greenleaf Whittier
                           Other Reformers
Thomas Gallaudet:                   Horace Mann:                   Temperance
Education for people         Fought for better schools.            Movement:
with disabilities. Set        Built more schools, and               Movement
up a school for the         established colleges to train        against alcohol
deaf in Hartford, CT.                                             abuse. Often
                            teachers in Massachusetts.
                                                                 led by women,
                                                                   encouraged
                                   Reform: an                    people to drink
                               organized attempt                       less.
Samuel Gridley                 to improve what is                   Eventually
Howe: Set up                   unjust or imperfect                sought to ban
first school for                    in society                      alcohol all
blind students.
                                                                     together.
Came up with
the first type of
brail.                              Dorothea Dix:
                    Fought for better treatment of the mentally ill.
                        Helped establish mental hospitals.
                         Horace Mann



             Samuel Gridley
                Howe

 Thomas
Gaullaudet

				
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posted:9/5/2012
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