BBC Life in the Undergrowth - Taking Flight Worksheet by jamesdauray

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									Name: __________________________ Class: _____________________ Date: _____________________


                        BBC Life In The Undergrowth
                                    Part 2: Taking To The Air

Giant Mayflies
   1.   What order of insects are mayflies in?


   2. Watch the final molt as the adult mayfly emerges. What type of metamorphosis is this?
           a.   This is not metamorphosis
           b.   Gradual
           c.   Incomplete
           d.   Complete
   3. What are the two long filaments at the end of their abdomen called?


   4. Why cannot adult mayflies feed after their final molt?


   5. Why did insects initially evolve the ability to fly?


Dragonflies and Damselflies
   6. What order of insects are dragonflies in?


   7. The white threads sticking out of the dragonflies’ abdomens protrude from openings in their
      exoskeletons. What is the purpose of these openings?


           a. What are these openings called?


   8. How large is the wingspan of the ancient dragonfly fossil?


   9. What adaptation do dragonflies have in their wings that makes them such skillful aerial hunters?


   10. What direction do dragonflies hold their wings when at rest?


   11. What direction do damselflies hold their wings when at rest?


   12. How do female damselflies choose a mate?



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   13. What structure do male damselflies use to hold onto the females during mating?


   14. What structure do female damselflies use to lay their eggs?


   15. All dragonfly and damselfly larva must live in water. What is the correct name for these larvae?
          a.   Maggots
          b.   Grubs
          c.   Naiads
          d.   Nymphs
          e.   Caterpillars
   16. What type of metamorphosis do dragonflies exhibit?
          a.   This is not metamorphosis
          b.   Gradual
          c.   Incomplete
          d.   Complete

Butterflies and Moths
   17. What order of insects are butterflies and moths in?


   18. Compare how butterflies use their wings with dragonflies.


   19. How is the parasitic wasp able to locate the caterpillars?


   20. What type of metamorphosis do butterflies exhibit?
          a.   This is not metamorphosis
          b.   Gradual
          c.   Incomplete
          d.   Complete

   21. List all of the stages of metamorphosis shown by the cabbage butterfly?
           a. _____________________________
          b. _____________________________
          c. _____________________________
          d. _____________________________


   22. What do butterflies use as a food source?


   23. How are the mouthparts of butterflies and moths adapted for getting this food source?

          a. What is the name of this type of mouthpart?
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   24. What is the pupose of the brightly colored scales that cover the wings of butterflies?

          a. Why do most moths not have this adaptation?

Bees
   25. What order is a bumblebee in?

   26. What is the purpose of the hairs on the bumblebee’s body?

   27. Explain why you are not as likely to see bumblebees and other insects early in the morning.

Flies
   28. What order do flies and craneflies belong?

   29. What happened to the back wings of flies?

   30. What is the purpose of this structure?

   31. Describe the mouthparts of flies. How are they adapted for their food source?

Beetles
   32. What order are beetles found in?


   33. Why are the wings of beetles so thick?

   34. What type of metamorphosis do beetles exhibit?
          a.   This is not metamorphosis
          b.   Gradual
          c.   Incomplete
          d.   Complete

Cicadas
   35. What type of metamorphosis do cicadas exhibit?
          a.   This is not metamorphosis
          b.   Gradual
          c.   Incomplete
          d.   Complete

   36. What is the purpose of the noise made by cicadas?




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