TESOL Culture and Pragmatics Week 13 Lecturer: Glenda Little “Friends” • As you watch the episode of “Friends” the first time, please take note of any cultural aspects that are presented in the episode. • You will be discussing what you noticed in groups after you watch, so please make sure to take notes. Group Discussion Questions • What cultural aspects that are presented in this episode of Friends? • How would Koreans of the same age behave in these situations? • What do you think causes these probable difference in behaviour and ways of thinking between the characters in the TV show and Korean people? (Where do these differences come from? Dimensions of culture, value types, cultural communication patterns, etc) • Are there any situations in this episode that would likely NOT occur in Korea? Why? • Are there any examples where the culture in the TV show and Korean culture are quite similar? Conversation Analysis • While you watch the following portions of the same “Friends” episode, please take note of the different Gricean Maxims that are being used and which are being broken. Gricean Maxims • Please make a similar chart as below and make note of which maxims the characters follow (⇃) or break (X). Truthfulness Clarity Quantity Relevance Chandler Joey Ross Rachel Monica Phoebe Conversational Implicature • As you watch the following portions of the same “Friends” episode again, please take note of when the characters use conversational implicature. • What is said? • What is meant? Final Project When? Week 15 & 16 (Note: we will decide on when each group will present at the end of this class) What? 20-25 minute group presentation based on an analysis of a TV show (5-6 minutes from ONE episode) in regards to the cultural issues and pragmatics presented in the segment(s). • Analyze and present a section of Friends (or other English TV show of your choice) • This should only be only 5-6 minutes long: – ONE 5-6 minute segment – TWO 3 minute segments – THREE 2 minute segments Analysis • Your analysis should be based on TWO factors: 1. Culture 2. Pragmatics Culture • What cultural issues are present in the segment(s)? • How do the Friends characters behave and respond to the situation(s)? • Would this situation(s) exist in Korean culture? • How would Koreans of a similar age behave in the same situation(s)? • Are there any examples where the Friends culture and Korean culture are similar? Pragmatics • Analyze the language used in the segment and focus on the language in use (pragmatics). • Areas to explore are examples of: • Ellipses • hedging • Goffman’s Communication Theory (8 universal constraints) • conversational implicature • Grice’s 4 Conversation Maxims Do the characters follow them? Do they break them? Homework Please read the article: Culture in Second Language Teaching Please answer the following questions: 1. Why is it important to culture in language teaching? 2. Which instructional strategy do you like best? Why?
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