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03-NAVO WGCSAB Apr 09

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           Naval Oceanographic Office
            WG/CSAB Satellite update



                                    Bruce McKenzie
                                     Lamar Russell
                                     April 15th 2009


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                                    Outline

            • Satellite data sources
            • Satellite data products
            • NPOESS data exploitation
            • Future altimeters
            • Glider Operations




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                              Satellite Data Sources

   NOAA (DATMS-U)                             FNMOC (DATMS-U)
   •     AVHRR                                •     SSM/I EDR
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18               •     SSM/IS EDR
   •     HIRS                                 •     WindSat
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18
                                              JPL GDAC
   •     Jason- 2 OSTM
                                              •     Jason-1
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     GODAE SST
   NRTPE
                                              ESA
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     Envisat
   GOES direct readout


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                              Satellite Data Sources

   NOAA (DATMS-U)                             FNMOC (DATMS-U)
   •     AVHRR                                •     SSM/I EDR
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18               •     SSM/IS EDR
   •     HIRS                                 •     WindSat
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18
                                              JPL GDAC
   •     Jason- 2 OSTM
                                              •     Jason-1
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     GODAE SST
   NRTPE
                                              ESA
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     Envisat
   GOES direct readout


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                              Satellite Data Products

            Ocean Feature Analysis




            Annotated AVHRR




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                              Satellite Data Sources

   NOAA (DATMS-U)                             FNMOC (DATMS-U)
   •     AVHRR                                •     SSM/I EDR
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18               •     SSM/IS EDR
   •     HIRS                                 •     WindSat
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18
                                              JPL GDAC
   •     Jason- 2 OSTM
                                              •     Jason-1
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     GODAE SST
   NRTPE
                                              ESA
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     Envisat
   GOES direct readout


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                              Satellite Data Products

            Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals
                                    Polar orbiting global SST (9 km)




      Geostationary SST (12 km)
                                                                Polar orbiting regional SST (2 km)
            SST Field




                         Global K10 composite         Geostationary warmest pixel
                                                            SST composite
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                              Satellite Data Sources

   NOAA (DATMS-U)                             FNMOC (DATMS-U)
   •     AVHRR                                •     SSM/I EDR
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18               •     SSM/IS EDR
   •     HIRS                                 •     WindSat
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18
                                              JPL GDAC
   •     Jason- 2 OSTM
                                              •     Jason-1
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     GODAE SST
   NRTPE
                                              ESA
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     Envisat
   GOES direct readout


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                              Satellite Data Products
   Sea Surface Height Anomaly




                                                        Significant wave height




                                                 Marine wind speed

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                              Satellite Data Sources

   NOAA (DATMS-U)                             FNMOC (DATMS-U)
   •     AVHRR                                •     SSM/I EDR
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18               •     SSM/IS EDR
   •     HIRS                                 •     WindSat
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18
                                              JPL GDAC
   •     Jason- 2 OSTM
                                              •     Jason-1
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     GODAE SST
   NRTPE
                                              ESA
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     Envisat
   GOES direct readout


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                              Satellite Data Products




                                     Satellite Optics




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                              Satellite Data Sources

   NOAA (DATMS-U)                             FNMOC (DATMS-U)
   •     AVHRR                                •     SSM/I EDR
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18               •     SSM/IS EDR
   •     HIRS                                 •     WindSat
         –    MetOp, N-17, N-18
                                              JPL GDAC
   •     Jason- 2 OSTM
                                              •     Jason-1
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     GODAE SST
   NRTPE
                                              ESA
   •     MODIS AQUA
                                              •     Envisat
   GOES direct readout


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                              Satellite Data Products
                                              Navy Coupled Ocean Data
                                               Assimilation (NCODA)




           Ocean Quality Control
                (OcnQC) system



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                          NPOESS Data Exploitation




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                              NPOESS Data Exploitation
•      IPO has asked NRL SSC to take lead in Ocean calval

•      Initial meeting July 08 with following participants
       –    Bob Arnone (lead) and Paul Lyons (NRLSSC)
       –    Alexander Ignatov (NOAA/NESDIS)
       –    Peter Minnett and Bob Evans (RSMAS)
       –    Doug May and Bob Coulter (NAVO)

•      First priority is to get a proxy VIIRS data stream
       –    Working with Joe Zajic (NOAA/IPO) on software that will ingest MODIS data and convert it to
            proxy VIIRS data in real-time
       –    the data will be formatted according to the IDPS SDR output specification in HDF5 and will have
            the MODIS channels spectrally transformed to resemble VIIRS channels
       –    Allows those users getting MODIS data already to run conversion software rather than acquiring
            another datastream
       –    Will be used for both SST and ocean color NDE




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                      Future Altimeter Satellite data
            Altika (2010 - 2014)
            *     Considerable assistance required to allow access of data
                  from Indian Space Organization (INSO) and/or CNES
            *     Currently no MOU/MOA exists
            Sentinel 3 (2012 - 2016)
            *     Spacecraft and data availability still under development
            *     Establish MOU/MOA with ESA to receive data; similar to
                  Envisat agreement
            GFO-2 (2013 – 2019)
            •     Launch in highly successful GeoSat/GFO 17 day ERM
            •     Final Requirement Specs – RFP release 4th quarter 2009
            •     Anticipated Contract Award – 2nd quarter 2010


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Distribution Unlimited




                                          OCEAN GLIDER
                                            PROGRAM
                                             Overview


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                                   Ocean Glider Program
   Slocum Glider                           Seaglider            Spray Glider                        Littoral Glider
   Webb Research Corporation               APL/UW               Scripps Institute of Oceanography   Alaskan Native Technology
   Falmouth, MA                                                 Instrument Development Group




                               Slocum               Seaglider                    Spray                      ANT - LG

   Weight                      123 lb               110 lb                       114 lb                       200+ lb
   Hull Dia.                   21 cm                30 cm                        20 cm                        31 cm
   Length                      1.5 m                2.8 m (w/1-m antenna)        2.15 m                       2+ m
   Horiz. Speed                0.6 knots            0.6 knots                    0.6 knots                    2+ knots
   Max Depth                   200 m                1000 m                       1500 m                       200 m
   Theoretical -
     Endurance                 15 - 30 days         6 months                     4 months                     30 days
     Range                     600 - 1500 km        4000 km                      3500 km                      1500 km
   Propulsion                  Alkaline             Lithium                      Lithium                      Alkaline
      Energy
   Comms (global)              Iridium              Iridium                      Iridium                      Iridium
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                                       Ocean Glider Program
 MISSION:
 • LAUNCHED & RECOVERED FROM NAVAL SURFACE
 PLATFORMS SUPPORTING ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
 COLLECTION REQUIREMENTS DURING MILITARY
 SURVEYS,
 OPERATIONS, AND/OR EXERCISES.

 • CONTROLLED BY NAVOCEANO GLIDER
 OPERATIONS CENTER PILOTS.

 • INCREASES DATA COLLECTION OPPORTUNITIES.

 • OPTIMIZES OCEANOGRAPHIC FEATURE
 CHARACTERIZATION.

 • PROVIDES NEAR-REAL TIME OCEANOGRAPHIC
 DATA FOR ASSIMILATION INTO DYNAMICAL MODELS
 AND FLEET TDAS.




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                              Ocean Glider Program




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                              Ocean Glider Program

   COMMAND/CONTROL:
   • COMMON COTS HARDWARE/SOFTWARE COMPONENTS

      - DISA APPROVED
      - DATA ENCRYPTION/DE-ENCRYPTION, IF REQUIRED
      - DATA CONVERSION TO SCIENTIFIC UNITS

   • COMMON USER INTERFACE

      - GLMPC SOFTWARE

   STANDARD” OUTPUT DATA FORMAT:

      - BUFR

   • COMMUNICATIONS

      - IRIDIUM FOR GLOBAL COMMUNICATION

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                              Ocean Glider Program
   CONDUCTIVITY                           OPTICS
      > RANGE: 0-9 S/M                        > MULTISPECTRAL BACKSCATTER
      > ACCURACY: 0.003 S/M (0.4 PPM)         > ATTENUATION
   TEMPERATURE
      > RANGE: -5 TO +35ºC                ACOUSTICS
      > ACCURACY: 0.002ºC                    > AMBIENT NOISE
   DEPTH                                     >ACOUSTIC MODEMS
      > 0 – 200M (SHALLOW)                   (INTERROGATION OF BOTTOM
      > 0 – 1000M (DEEP)                     SENSORS)
   CURRENTS
      > INDIRECT MEASUREMENT




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                  Ocean Gliders: Persistent Unmanned Ocean                                                                                                      QUAD Chart
                                                                                                                                                                9/16/08


                  Data Collection Capability from NAVOCEANO
              Mission: Remote Persistent Oceanographic Data Sampling (> 30 day durations)
                                        Current NAVOCEANO inventory:
                                        >8 Seagliders, 3 Slocums, 1 Spray.    Characteristics/Description
                                                                              Characteristics/Description   Seaglider            Slocum
                                                                                                                                 Slocum             Spray
                                                                                                                                                    Spray
                                        >1 additional Slocum, 1 Spray         Satellite Communication
                                                                              Satellite Communication       Irridium
                                                                                                            Irridium             Irridium
                                                                                                                                  Irridium          Irridium
                                                                                                                                                     Irridium
                                        glider, and 4 additional Seagliders   Maximum Length
                                                                              MaximumLength                 180 cm
                                                                                                            180 cm               216.3 cm
                                                                                                                                  216.3 cm          179 cm
                                                                                                                                                     179 cm
                                        are scheduled to arrive               Max Wing Span
                                                                                   Wing Span                101.3 cm
                                                                                                            101.3 cm            119.4 cm
                                                                                                                                 119.4 cm           101 cm
                                                                                                                                                     101 cm
                                                                              Max Hull Diameter
                                                                                   Hull Diameter            30.5 cm
                                                                                                            30.5 cm             20.32 cm
                                                                                                                                 20.32 cm           21.3 cm
                                                                                                                                                     21.3 cm
                                        NAVOCEANO O/A 10/08                   Range                         Up to 5000 km       Up to 1500 km       Up to 5000 km
                                                                              Range                         Up to 5000 km        Up to 1500          Up to 5000 km
                                                                              Endurance
                                                                              Endurance                     Up to 6 months
                                                                                                            Up to 6 months      Up to 30 days
                                                                                                                                 Up to 30           Up to 6 months
                                                                                                                                                     Up to 6 months
                                                                              Max Speed over ground
                                                                              Max Speed over ground         .6 Knots
                                                                                                            .6 Knots            .6 knots
                                                                                                                                 .6 knots           .6 knots
                                                                                                                                                     .6 knots
            Seaglider                                                         Maximum Depth
                                                                              MaximumDepth                  1000 m
                                                                                                            1000 m              200 m
                                                                                                                                 200 m              1500 m
                                                                                                                                                     1500 m
                                                                              On Board Energy
                                                                              On Board Energy               13 mj Battery
                                                                                                            13 mj Battery       10 mj Battery
                                                                                                                                 10 mj              12 mj battery
                                                                                                                                                     12 mj battery
                                                                              Launch/Recovery
                                                                              Launch/Recovery                          Surface Platform
                                                                                                            2 Man from Surface Platform
                                                                              Present Sensors
                                                                              Present Sensors               TBS / BB2F optics TBS / AUV-B optics
                                                                                                            CTD                  CTD                TBS / BB2F optics
                                                                                                                                                    CTD




              Spray                                Slocum
  System = Ocean Gliders (3 variants currently used) + Deployment /
  Recovery Platform + Shore Based Glider Operations Center (GOC) Activity

   System Highlights:
  • Capability developed by ONR research community to support                        Number of Flights      6515 total dives * 2 profiles per dive, up/down
    oceanographic research, transition to NAVOCEANO has occurred,
    transition for fleet operational use in planning process                    • Many successful deployments have been demonstrated by the academic
  • Typical data collection includes ocean temperature, salinity,                 community over the last 10 years world wide
  optical                                                                       • NAVOCEANO Glider Operations Center Activity (FY07 – FY08):
     scattering, and current measurements
  • Deployed from surface platforms by two men                                                Deployment / Mission           Profile Totals (as of 19 August 2008)
  • Once in the water fully autonomous                                                      1                                                                  2118
  • Data reported remotely by satellite to NAVOCEANO GOC                                    2                                                                  1116
  • Missions & Way Points reprogrammable remotely                                           3                                                                   946
  • Long Endurance (30 days or more depending on glider type, sensors,                      4                                                                   876
  and                                                                                       5                                                                   536
    environment)                                                                            6                                                                   994
  • 24 Hours/day capable                                                                    7                                                                  3530
  • Low Observable, only on surface for brief periods to transmit data and                  8                                                                  2914
     obtain GPS fix and data transmission.                                                  GRAND TOTAL                                                       13030


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