Depression During Pregnancy Pregnancy pregnancy depression should be the happiest time for a woman, but there are some women who even consider pregnancy as a time of confusion, misery, sadness, stress and depression. Approximately 10-20% of women trying to fight the symptoms of depression and one-quarter to one-half the weight of depression. In a study of 360 pregnant women, then 10% of them are depressed during pregnancy and only 6.8% experiencing depression after pregnancy. Depression is a mood disorder that appears in 1 out of 4 women who are pregnant and it is not anything special. The disease is always hit those who are pregnant, but often they are never aware of this depression because they think this is a common thing to happen to them, but if not handled properly can affect the baby. Causes & Symptoms of Depression During Pregnancy Depression during pregnancy is a common mood disorder such as depression that occurs in the laity in general, where the incidence of depression will occur chemical changes in the brain. In this case, the hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect brain chemistry itself, which will be closely associated with the incidence of depression and anxiety during pregnancy. In one part of those who have a history of depression, it can reappear triggered by life's difficulties that struck during pregnancy and later will lead to the onset of symptoms of depression during pregnancy. Women who are depressed will experience the following symptoms for at least 2 weeks: There is a feeling of sadness Difficulty in concentrating Sleeping too much or too little Loss of interest in activities that usually favored Desperate, sometimes some are worried There is a sense of guilt and worthlessness A change in eating habits Even sometimes from their own feeling suicidal. But the incidence of depression is not merely events that appear out of nowhere. In some cases, depression during pregnancy is triggered by a trigger such as a problem with their husbands or mothers do have a history of depression in the family. Some literature mentions the history of many failures in pregnancy can also lead to the onset of depression during pregnancy. Besides severe life events, complications during pregnancy can also be one of the triggers of depression during pregnancy. Impact of Depression During Pregnancy Depression that is not treated will have a negative effect on the mother and her unborn baby. There are 2 important things that may affect the baby, that is: The first is the emergence of disorder in the fetus is still in the womb Both the emergence of mental health problems in the child's future Depression, if not recognized and treated in the best possible maternal behavior will shift to negative things such as drinking, smoking, and it is not uncommon to try to commit suicide. This is what will lead to premature delivery, babies born with low birthweight and impaired fetal development. Depressed mothers will not have the desire to think about the development of abortion and even his own health. As an obvious example in a case study conducted on 300 pregnant women who are victims of 11 September (WTC), where all of them are used as the sample is close to the scene of the tragedy. From the results of searches done on children they gave birth, the birth of their son earned far less in terms of weight compared to those who are far away from the scene of the tragedy. Furthermore the incidence of preterm birth is also more common in those who were near the scene of the tragedy rather than those who are far from the scene of the tragedy. This proves that depression affects the mother will influence the future development of their fetuses. In addition to a study conducted in women who are depressed during pregnancy can cause behavioral disturbances and emotional child at the age of 4 years later. It is proved that in the last few weeks of pregnancy are important in brain development and maturity of the child, so if the mother's depression will increase the incidence of premature and ultimately will affect the baby's brain development. In another study of mothers in the UK who are depressed during pregnancy, and their children were followed until the age of 16 years, found that children - children are prone to experience depression than those whose mothers did not experience depression during pregnancy. Dealing with Depression During Pregnancy If a mother's pregnancy consulting experience depression during pregnancy then the thing to do is seek help. There are several ways of doing this, including by consulting your obstetrician or the psychologist / psychiatrist about the symptoms you are experiencing. Currently they are the most appropriate to consult, they will be providing the best solution for the mother and the fetus in the womb. There are several ways of doing therapy and consultation with your health care provider such as a support group or psychotherapy method that can be performed routinely and periodically or with drugs. If symptoms are very severe depression indicated the gynecologist may prescribe some medication to deal with it and of course safe for those who are pregnant. If because of something the mother does not feel comfortable to discuss them with your doctor or therapist can then talk to close friends to exchange opinions. The important thing is that people who are very able to talk to understand what the expectant mother feel. Do not ever for this fight depression alone, because at the moment the expectant mother in desperate need of someone to share for depression that is felt. Prevent Depression During Pregnancy For those who are currently pregnant, the pregnancy made it an enjoyable experience in your life. To the husbands and families, support from you all will be beneficial to create a good mood for the mother and fetus. So that one day, the pregnant women can bear children - children with mental and physical qualities as well as quality. About the Author Dr. Ryan Saktika Mulyana, S Ked The author is a young doctor Bali-born graduate of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Udayana, Bali. The author is a practitioner in Prima Medika Hospital. Furthermore the author is also a doctor on call at some hotel in Bali include Grand-Hyatt hotel and the Intercontinental Bali Resort.
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