Depression During Pregnancy May Affect Babies Born

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					Depression During Pregnancy
Pregnancy pregnancy depression should be the happiest time for a woman, but there are some women
who even consider pregnancy as a time of confusion, misery, sadness, stress and depression.
Approximately 10-20% of women trying to fight the symptoms of depression and one-quarter to one-half
the weight of depression. In a study of 360 pregnant women, then 10% of them are depressed during
pregnancy and only 6.8% experiencing depression after pregnancy.

Depression is a mood disorder that appears in 1 out of 4 women who are pregnant and it is not anything
special. The disease is always hit those who are pregnant, but often they are never aware of this
depression because they think this is a common thing to happen to them, but if not handled properly can
affect the baby.


Causes & Symptoms of Depression During Pregnancy
Depression during pregnancy is a common mood disorder such as depression that occurs in the laity in
general, where the incidence of depression will occur chemical changes in the brain. In this case, the
hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect brain chemistry itself, which will be closely associated
with the incidence of depression and anxiety during pregnancy.

In one part of those who have a history of depression, it can reappear triggered by life's difficulties that
struck during pregnancy and later will lead to the onset of symptoms of depression during pregnancy.

Women who are depressed will experience the following symptoms for at least 2 weeks:

    There is a feeling of sadness
    Difficulty in concentrating
    Sleeping too much or too little
    Loss of interest in activities that usually favored
    Desperate, sometimes some are worried
    There is a sense of guilt and worthlessness
    A change in eating habits
    Even sometimes from their own feeling suicidal.

But the incidence of depression is not merely events that appear out of nowhere. In some cases,
depression during pregnancy is triggered by a trigger such as a problem with their husbands or mothers
do have a history of depression in the family. Some literature mentions the history of many failures in
pregnancy can also lead to the onset of depression during pregnancy. Besides severe life events,
complications during pregnancy can also be one of the triggers of depression during pregnancy.


Impact of Depression During Pregnancy
Depression that is not treated will have a negative effect on the mother and her unborn baby. There are 2
important things that may affect the baby, that is:

    The first is the emergence of disorder in the fetus is still in the womb
    Both the emergence of mental health problems in the child's future

Depression, if not recognized and treated in the best possible maternal behavior will shift to negative
things such as drinking, smoking, and it is not uncommon to try to commit suicide. This is what will lead to
premature delivery, babies born with low birthweight and impaired fetal development. Depressed mothers
will not have the desire to think about the development of abortion and even his own health.

As an obvious example in a case study conducted on 300 pregnant women who are victims of 11
September (WTC), where all of them are used as the sample is close to the scene of the tragedy. From
the results of searches done on children they gave birth, the birth of their son earned far less in terms of
weight compared to those who are far away from the scene of the tragedy. Furthermore the incidence of
preterm birth is also more common in those who were near the scene of the tragedy rather than those
who are far from the scene of the tragedy. This proves that depression affects the mother will influence
the future development of their fetuses.

In addition to a study conducted in women who are depressed during pregnancy can cause behavioral
disturbances and emotional child at the age of 4 years later. It is proved that in the last few weeks of
pregnancy are important in brain development and maturity of the child, so if the mother's depression will
increase the incidence of premature and ultimately will affect the baby's brain development.

In another study of mothers in the UK who are depressed during pregnancy, and their children were
followed until the age of 16 years, found that children - children are prone to experience depression than
those whose mothers did not experience depression during pregnancy.


Dealing with Depression During Pregnancy
If a mother's pregnancy consulting experience depression during pregnancy then the thing to do is seek
help. There are several ways of doing this, including by consulting your obstetrician or the psychologist /
psychiatrist about the symptoms you are experiencing. Currently they are the most appropriate to consult,
they will be providing the best solution for the mother and the fetus in the womb.

There are several ways of doing therapy and consultation with your health care provider such as a
support group or psychotherapy method that can be performed routinely and periodically or with drugs. If
symptoms are very severe depression indicated the gynecologist may prescribe some medication to deal
with it and of course safe for those who are pregnant. If because of something the mother does not feel
comfortable to discuss them with your doctor or therapist can then talk to close friends to exchange
opinions. The important thing is that people who are very able to talk to understand what the expectant
mother feel. Do not ever for this fight depression alone, because at the moment the expectant mother in
desperate need of someone to share for depression that is felt.


Prevent Depression During Pregnancy
For those who are currently pregnant, the pregnancy made it an enjoyable experience in your life. To the
husbands and families, support from you all will be beneficial to create a good mood for the mother and
fetus. So that one day, the pregnant women can bear children - children with mental and physical
qualities as well as quality.


About the Author
Dr. Ryan Saktika Mulyana, S Ked
The author is a young doctor Bali-born graduate of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Udayana, Bali.
The author is a practitioner in Prima Medika Hospital.

Furthermore the author is also a doctor on call at some hotel in Bali include Grand-Hyatt hotel and the
Intercontinental Bali Resort.

				
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posted:9/4/2012
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