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Danger of Dengue Fever (DD) and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)

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Danger of Dengue Fever (DD) and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) Powered By Docstoc
					Spreading Disease Season Rainy Season
Entering the rainy season, there are many diseases that began to spread in the community such as
dengue, chikungunya, diarrhea, filariasis etc.. Dengue fever and chikungunya, a disease spread by
mosquitoes, which for dengue is a disease that killed many in Indonesia.

Jakarta myself have experienced extraordinary events dengue fever in 2007, which since January - 8
April 2007 recorded 10,942 dengue cases by the number of deaths reached 41 patients. Death usually
occurs because the patient's own delay in treatment due to the patient coming to the hospital are in
critical condition and dangerous.


Differences Symptoms DD & DBD
"Aedes Dengue fever is an acute febrile disease caused by the dengue virus and spread by the Aedes
aegypti mosquito intermediaries who have been infected with the dengue virus. Dengue fever itself is
divided into 2 dengue fever (DD) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a
more severe form of dengue fever, in which bleeding and sometimes shock can occur that result in death.

The disease is characterized by sudden onset of high fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, and headache,
which for dengue fever is usually accompanied by other symptoms of bleeding that normally would
appear on days 3-5 post-fever and shock due to bleeding.

Here are the full symptoms of dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever:
Dengue fever:

    Sudden high fever continuously.
    Headache, especially in the forehead.
    Pain in the back of the eyeball.
    Pain in the body or joints.
    Nausea / vomiting.
    Face red.

For dengue hemorrhagic fever and shock symptoms similar to dengue fever, but with the following
additional conditions:

    Pain / pain in the gut continuously.
    Bleeding in the nose, mouth, gums or bruising of the skin.
    Continuous vomiting, sometimes accompanied by blood.
    Fecal droppings are black, due to bleeding in internal organs.
    Excessive thirst.
    The skin is pale and cold.
    Impairment of consciousness and drowsiness.

"Dbd"
Red spots in patients with dengue fever that does not disappear when the skin stretch. Red spots in
patients with dengue fever that does not disappear when the skin stretch


Handling DD & DBD
Until now there is no specific treatment that can cope with dengue hemorrhagic fever. Despite early
treatment will be able to relieve the symptoms and to prevent complications and death. To treat fever,
headache and joint pain, paracetamol is the drug recommended by the WHO, and transfusion of blood
and platelets to do in the event of massive bleeding. If one or more symptoms of dengue fever or dengue
hemorrhagic fever occur, it is advisable to bring the patient to the hospital, especially after the first and
second post-fever which is usually a critical phase of the disease. To prevent dehydration from fever then
you should give patients continuous fluid, either water, ORS, fruit juice etc..
In addition it is important to keep patients from mosquitoes so as not to spread the disease to others.


Precautions to in Perform
Currently, the main method used to control and prevent dengue fever is to make the eradication of the
mosquito Aedes aegypti as dengue virus spreaders.

The mosquito Aedes aegypti can be indoors or outdoors. Inside the house is usually mosquitoes like to
hide in dark places such as in a closet, hangers, under the bed etc.. However if outside the mosquito
Aedes aegypti likes shade and moist. Mosquito females will usually put eggs in water containers around
homes, schools, offices, etc., where the eggs can hatch within 10 days.

Therefore, movement 3 M (drain the water bath, cover the places that contain water and bury the used
goods can be a pool of water) is very important to do, not just by the government alone but by all
members of society so that the mosquito Aedes aegypti can be limited existence.

				
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