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NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN - Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood

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					DUDGEON-MONROE LONG-RANGE

    NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN
D-MNA Neighborhood Long-Range Plan - DRAFT   1997




       DUDGEON-MONROE LONG-RANGE

                       NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN




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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                               TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview: Issues and Trends                        2

Summary: Issues and Recommendations                4

Planning Process                                   5

History of the Neighborhood                        9

Demographics                                       14

Planning Topics:

        Transportation                             19

        Housing                                    31

        Commercial                                 36

        Community Facilities                       40

        Physical Resources                         45




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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                   OVERVIEW: ISSUES AND TRENDS

       The Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Association Neighborhood Plan is the result of a
grassroots effort that started in July 1995. Led by D-MNA’s Long-Range Planning Committee, the
planning process encompassed broad-based discussion and input through a variety of forums.

        The plan begins with a brief history, description and demographic profile of the
neighborhood to provide a context for the recommendations that follow. Issues and recommended
actions are identified for five key areas: transportation, housing, commercial resources, community
services and facilities, and parks and physical resources.

        The Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood is, in many respects, a quintessential “traditional”
neighborhood. It embodies not only the physical characteristics associated with the term including
older homes, pedestrian-scale narrow streets, varied architectural features and modest lots—but
also, the strong sense of community that comes from living in close proximity to the people, places
and services that support our daily lives. The Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood includes within
walking distance of its homes a thriving business district, nearby parks, a library, and other
community resources. The University of Wisconsin-Madison and downtown are also close at hand,
providing easy access to employment, shopping, and cultural destinations. These features have
contributed to the growing popularity of the neighborhood, as evidenced by the high demand for and
rising value of our homes.

        In spite—or perhaps even because of—its many attractions, the Dudgeon-Monroe
Neighborhood exists in a balance. Many of the features that make Dudgeon-Monroe a desirable
place to live have other, unwanted effects. A thriving business district draws clientele from well
beyond the neighborhood, creating traffic and parking demands that invariably spill over into
surrounding residential streets. To flourish, community-based institutions must grow and change—
putting them odds with their neighbors. Proximity to the UW and downtown place the
neighborhood in the midst of a major commuting corridor, subjecting it to increased through-traffic
and attendant noise, pollution, and safety concerns.

        While the growing popularity of the neighborhood has contributed to its vitality, it also
threatens affordability. Long-time residents may be hard pressed to contend with rising property
taxes while many young families may be unable to afford a home in many parts of the
neighborhood. The smaller lot sizes and homes that add to the neighborhood’s character also make
it difficult for growing families to remain here. Current zoning restrictions help protect our
neighborhood character but also limit residents’ ability to remodel or expand their homes.

        The benefits of past and current neighborhood intervention can be seen in the conversion of
Dudgeon School, the retention of the Monroe Street branch library and Temple Beth El in the
neighborhood, and the extensive efforts to balance Edgewood’s plans for growth and change with
adjacent neighborhood residents’ concerns. In most of these cases the Dudgeon-Monroe
Neighborhood Association has served as a forum in which concerned neighbors, city officials, and
the institution in question have publicly aired their positions and assessed the extent of their support
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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




before negotiating a working arrangement among themselves. Cooperation of city agencies and
especially of the alderperson with the neighborhood always has been crucial. Successful outcomes
usually have involved establishing some sort of liaison between the immediate neighbors and the
governing body of the service organization.

        In many ways, the recent Edgewood planning process represents a magnified version of
Dudgeon-Monroe’s customary intervention process. The process lasted several years, led the
neighborhood association to retain a professional planning consultant and to designate specific
members as negotiators. The process has resulted in the appointment of a liaison committee with
representatives from Edgewood, Vilas Neighborhood Association, and D-MNA to deal with on-
going issues. Still, because it is debatable whether the local public or private schools ever will
redevelop a neighborhood character, and because it is improbable that there will be sufficient
demand for a social service that accommodates only nearby residents, growth of such resources will
continue to generate traffic. Consequently, having and knowing how to use a proven model for
resolving the problems of growth will be essential to maintaining the neighborhood’s quality of life.

       Numerous other growth-related issues have surfaced in the Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood
Association over the past five years—and sometimes have bubbled up into the broader public arena
as well. Resulting difficult discussions reflect the complexity of the problems as well as the deep
commitment many residents have to preserving their homes and neighborhood.

       Preserving the qualities that make Dudgeon-Monroe a vital central city neighborhood while
addressing solutions to the problems described above are at the heart of this neighborhood plan.
Just as Dudgeon-Monroe is a model traditional neighborhood, we hope the ideas and actions
included in this plan will become a model for innovative solutions to the issues and challenges
confronting our neighborhoods.




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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                        SUMMARY
                              Issues and Recommendations *
TRANSPORTATION
Issues:                                  Recommendations:
Crossing Monroe Street                    Reduce the speed of vehicles using Monroe Street and other streets
Speeding                                  Create a livable, traffic-calmed neighborhood
Cut through-traffic                       Improve Monroe Street and other streets for crossings and access for
Parking enforcement                          pedestrians and bicyclists
Motorists’ disregard for pedestrians      Improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety in the neighborhood
                                          Participate in the development of the present rail corridor into a rail/trail
                                             (i.e., for bicycle and pedestrian use)
                                          Encourage Madison Metro ridership
HOUSING
Issues:                                  Recommendations:
Affordability and accessibility           Support maintenance and renovations of neighborhood homes
Quality of housing stock                  Support a diversity of creative housing approaches and publicize
                                             affordability
COMMERCIAL RESOURCES
Issues:                                  Recommendations:
Preserving character and scale of         Encourage continued support of neighborhood businesses by neighborhood
   three commercial areas                    residents
Balancing parking needs and               Promote cooperation among merchants in order to improve and promote
   concerns                                  neighborhood business
Local commerce (not chains)               Increase cooperation between the Monroe Street Merchants Association and
                                             D-MNA to promote mutual interests
                                          Reduce traffic and parking problems by improving residents’ access to
                                             businesses by means other than vehicles
                                          Maintain and enhance the character of commercial establishments along
                                             Monroe Street without encroaching into adjacent residential areas
COMMUNITY SERVICES AND
   FACILITIES
Issues:                                  Recommendations:
Establishing collaborations among         D-MNA Council actively encourage and solicit neighborhood representation
   neighbors and institutions                on critical citizen boards including the Edgewood Liaison Group, Madison
Maintaining library service                  Public Library Board, Domestic Abuse Intervention Services Board,
                                             Dudgeon Center for Community Programs Board, and the Monroe Street
                                             Library League
                                          Promote awareness and use of neighborhood facilities
PHYSICAL RESOURCES
Issues:                                  Recommendations:
Lake Wingra water quality                 Work to improve the water quality of Lake Wingra
Park and green space upkeep               Promote restoration, maintenance, and enhancement of neighborhood parks
Maintaining character of physical            and open spaces
attributes                                Enhance the streetscape and visual character of the neighborhood
Converting rail corridor to rail/trail    Create clearly identified entrances to the neighborhood
                                          Identify strategic redevelopment/reuse sites within the neighborhood

* Specific action items for each recommendation are provided in the topic chapters.
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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                  PLANNING PROCESS

     The Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Association has been active since 1973. It has a strong
structure of area representatives, block captains, and committees. This historical structure was
accessed throughout the recent long-range planning process for purposes of developing ideas and
vision, gathering data, and providing feedback on plan details.

     A Planning Committee, which grew out of the Association’s Zoning Committee, coordinated
all of the tasks associated with the development of the plan. In the Fall of 1995, the Committee
began to meet monthly. Members are listed at the end of this section.

     The actual planning sequence included the following stages:

Table P-1: Planning Task Sequence

                                    Task                                Date
        D-MNA Council approves planning process                       June 1995
        Planning Committee organized                                October 1995
        Initial Planning Committee meeting                         November 1995
        Planning Issues Identified -- D-MNA Annual Meeting           April 1996
        Neighborhood Survey administered                              June 1996
        Business Focus Groups                                      September 1996
        Neighborhood Planning Charette – Monroe Street Festival     October 1996
        Initial Draft Plan                                         December 1996
        Block Captain Feedback Session                               March 1997
        Second Draft presented at D-MNA Annual Meeting               April 1997
        Third Draft presented to D-MNA Council                     November 1997
        Third Draft presented to City staff for review             December 1997
        Executive Summary printed in Hornblower                     January 1998
        Neighborhood meeting on final draft                         February 1998
        D-MNA Council adoption                                       March 1998
        Partial revisions adopted by Council                         March 2000


    Initial meetings were devoted to clarifying the definition of the plan and its purpose.
Assistance from City staff was provided during this stage to give us ideas and examples for a
planning process. The Planning Committee gathered many more examples of neighborhood plans
from other Madison neighborhoods as well as from cities across the country.

     A key aspect of an effective planning process is the degree of broad-based community
involvement. The Planning Committee was very successful in engaging hundreds of neighbors--
residential, business, and institutional--in the discussion that led to the plan.


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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




     These efforts were also supplemented by several forums to obtain input from neighborhood
residents. The D-MNA Annual Meeting in April 1996 included structured small group discussions
of the strengths, concerns, and suggested improvements in the neighborhood.

     Feedback obtained at the 1996 Annual Meeting provided the basis for developing a formal
survey instrument. The survey contained 56 questions and asked for perceptions of strengths and
concerns across a variety of topics including the physical environment, services, housing, and
transportation. The survey was distributed to all neighbors as an insert to The Hornblower
newsletter. A total of 225 surveys were returned, representing approximately one out of every five
neighborhood households. Results are summarized below.

     The top assets as perceived by survey respondents focused on many of the physical attributes
the area offers residents. The green spaces, including parks, the Arboretum, and mature trees top
the list. The Monroe Street Library and our local businesses, particularly grocers, are other
amenities receiving high marks.


                                          Figure 1 - Top Ten Assets from Neighborhood Survey
                                                        Percent Favorable Rating

                   98
                               97.2           97.2
                                                          96.8
                   97

                   96

                                                                      94.8
                   95
                                                                                     94.0            93.9
     % Favorable




                   94

                   93                                                                                                       92.6
                                                                                                                                          92.1            92.1
                   92                                                                                                                                                    91.6


                   91

                   90

                   89

                   88
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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




     Not all aspects of the neighborhood are as positive. Respondents to the survey identified the
following items as their key concerns:



                                             Figure 2 - Top Ten Concerns from Neighborhood Survey
                                                          Percent Unfavorable Ratings
                          100

                                        88.2
                              90

                              80
                                                        73.2
                                                                           70.3
                              70
   % Unfavorable




                              60                                                                 56.7
                                                                                                                54.0              52.7
                                                                                                                                                     50.5
                                                                                                                                                                       48.1
                              50
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                                                                                                                                                                                                        38.0
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     The next major event in the planning process was a storefront, all day charette on October 5,
1996, held in conjunction with the Monroe Street Festival. This generated about 150 persons
stopping by and adding ideas or alternative approaches to the top key issues. The charette included
a variety of displays for information-sharing in several locations, along with video presentations of
other planning efforts (e.g., speakers from the “Nolen in the 90’s” workshop sponsored by the City
and County). Even children were asked to participate by providing drawings of their “favorite
things” in the neighborhood.

             Two focus groups, or discussion sessions, were held with a dozen neighborhood merchants on
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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




September 24 and 25, 1996. The merchants addressed several key questions about their business
experiences in the neighborhood. For the most part, merchants were pleased to be part of a
neighborhood that valued their products and services with consistent patronage. The merchants also
raised several challenges which underscore the need for close collaboration between the businesses
and residents. The merchants’ concerns, along with input from residential neighbors, guided the
development of recommendations for the commercial section of the plan.

     Based on the above input, members of the Planning Committee each drafted various sections of
the plan. A Committee presented a plan draft, including key issues and recommendations, to a
meeting of D-MNA block captains on March 18, 1997. The block captains in turn discussed ideas
informally and provided feedback on possible revisions.

    The Committee presented the second plan draft to the full neighborhood for additional
feedback at the 1997 D-MNA Annual Meeting on April 20, 1997. There was time for questions and
comments on each section of the plan at the meeting.

     The final draft was adopted by the D-MNA Council and the D-MNA Annual Meeting in March
and April 1998. Some revisions and updates, especially to the Transportation section, were adopted
by the Council in March 2000.

     Our expectation is that this Plan will be of continuing value as a basic document for
neighborhood planning. Our hope is that the long range plan will represent a living, evolving
document and process as D-MNA continues to update and develop the plan. We also hope that our
plan will be a valuable aid to City agencies and the Common Council as a wide variety of policies
and issues relating to the neighborhood are considered.

    As we complete this first phase of the planning process we are struck more than ever by the
wonderful quality of life that our neighborhood provides its residents. We feel sure that active
neighbors will want to preserve and enhance our neighborhood’s qualities over the years to come.

Members of Planning Committee

Kurt Kiefer, chairperson                      Priscilla Arsove
Paula Benkart                                 Dan Boehm
Beth Hanan                                    Gail Henrickson
Tom Huber                                     Gil Jevne
Ron Locast                                    Patty Mullins
Orange Schroeder                              Fred Teitgen
Char Thompson




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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                   HISTORY OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD

         Approximately one thousand years ago the earliest residents of today's Dudgeon-Monroe
neighborhood appear to have been attracted by and to have cherished the locality's natural features:
Lake Wingra and the many springs surrounding it. Having found the area suitable for growing corn,
lately introduced from Mexico, those Late Woodland people left their own lasting impression on the
terrain in the form of 10-foot high conical and effigy mounds. Mound groupings within current
neighborhood boundaries were located on the site of the Dudgeon School as well as slightly to the
north of and parallel to Monroe Street between Woodrow and Harrison. On the Edgewood campus
eight mounds still survive, including an over 200-foot wide (but no longer 10-foot high) bird effigy.

        The Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) successors of the mound builders likewise left a significant
mark on the landscape. In order to facilitate hunting they turned it into an oak savanna using prairie
fires to clear brush and trees. The Native Americans also cultivated corn and used the future
neighborhood as a transportation corridor for their principal trail through what they called the Four
Lakes region. The trail wound around Lake Wingra and traversed the hilly land to the north of
Wingra toward Lake Mendota. Until the 1930's, small groups of Ho-Chunk regularly returned to
their campsites around Lake Wingra for seasonal hunting.

         When European settlement began in the second quarter of the nineteenth century, the settlers
continued to use the area for transportation and temporary lodging. Designated a public road by the
territorial legislature as early as 1838, Monroe Street's forerunner, the Monroe Road, was named for
its Wisconsin destination although it actually followed Native American trails as far south as
Freeport, Illinois. Opening in the 1850's, the Plough Inn, near one of the Wingra springs at the
present intersection of Monroe and Copeland, served thirsty travelers and their horses. The inn was
named for the plows it also sold to the increasing numbers of settlers who found the oak savanna as
suited to farming as the Native Americans had. The Monroe Road thus was becoming a shopping
district for both nearby residents and those living further south and west, with feed and hardware
stores eventually joining the plow concession. Meanwhile, since 1855 a 55-acre tract between Lake
Wingra and the Monroe Road had been built up and used as a country estate by a succession of
wealthy owners. The last, Governor Cadwallader Washburn, gave the estate to the Sinsinawa
Dominican Sisters, who opened the first Edgewood school on their new campus in 1881.

         By the 1880's, if not long before, it seemed well known that the potential traffic volume of
the Monroe Road corridor made it a candidate for the most efficient transportation mode of the time,
a railroad. Finally, in 1887 construction began on a line just to the north of and paralleling the
Monroe Road, and two years later the railway was completed all the way to Freeport as part of the
Illinois Central system. Once the railroad's route and right-of-way were determined, two seemingly
contradictory trends emerged. While the land speculators and real estate entrepreneurs reset their
sights toward residential development at the eastern end of the future neighborhood, extractive
industry held sway in the western part.

       By means of a spur running between today's Commonwealth and West Lawn Avenues where
they consequently curve toward Monroe Street, rail service was extended to the shores of Lake
Wingra in 1894. The following year the Knickerbocker Ice Company of Chicago opened a three
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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




story ice house, along with a 40-foot high conveyor, stables, and weigh station, by the lake where
Wingra Park is now. Having shipped 1000 rail cars of ice southward in its peak year before World
War I, in 1937 the now-obsolete ice house complex was turned over to the city by the Madison-
based Conklin Company for use as a park.

       Near the icehouse was a bottling works that packaged and sold some of the famous Wingra
spring water before evolving into a soda pop factory early in the twentieth century. Around the
middle of the nineteenth century, a sandstone quarry had operated on the present site of Glenwood
Children's Park. A few farms and single-family homes also dotted the area, primarily between
Monroe and the tracks, as the ground was deemed too marshy for residence nearer the lake.

        In 1897 electric streetcar service was extended over a route running from University Avenue
along Breese Terrace and then west at the renamed Monroe Street as far as Harrison Street. At
Harrison and Keyes it crossed the railroad tracks via a trestle and proceeded out Regent Street to
Forest Hill Cemetery. As a result, the eastern part of Dudgeon-Monroe (then West Lawn) as well as
its adjacent Regent (University Heights) and Vilas (Wingra Park) neighborhoods emerged as
Madison's "streetcar suburbs," and share a number of the characteristics described by urban historian
Sam Bass Warner in his book of that name. Although houses from that era may be relatively large,
in particular along the flagship avenue of West Lawn, they often lack garages or have had small
single-car versions added later. Before 1920, there was limited use for an auto during Madison's
long, severe winters when only the trolley routes were plowed. Instead, the scale and configuration
of the streets and sidewalks were designed to accommodate walking -- to the trolley stops, to the
churches that were incorporated into the development almost from the outset, and especially to the
linear shopping district that thrived along Monroe Street. At various times two or more small
groceries and two pharmacies dotted the single block between Grant-Spooner and Harrison, where
the streetcar turned off. Anchoring this commercial strip from 1915 on was the Randall Bank, with
strong ties to the neighborhood real estate developers.

        In 1903 the West Lawn Company, whose officers had helped finance the new trolley service,
began marketing its "large, roomy" 50-by-120-foot lots to business, professional and "university
men," noting that travel time to the UW was only ten minutes. Anticipated demand was great
enough to encourage purchasing two lots and using the profit netted from the sale of one to build a
house or a bigger house on the other. This practice resulted in a mixture of house sizes and styles
right next door to one another. The notable architectural styles, however, were the prairie style for
the larger homes and American craftsman for the smaller homes, bungalows in particular.

        After World War I development of the western portion of the neighborhood began under
much greater influence from the automobile. Elimination of the wetlands near Lake Wingra, in part
as a consequence of dams built elsewhere in the watershed, enabled Gay Brothers to construct
apartment buildings along the south side of Monroe Street west of the icehouse. The same real
estate concern also built single-family homes on the streets of Wingra Plat between Monroe and the
railroad.

       In 1928 a rail siding was put in for a fuel and lumber company at the intersection of
Copeland and Gregory. This siding gave local builders the kind of immediate access to supplies that
had prevailed in the eastern half of the neighborhood, where three lumber and coal companies
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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




flourished at the convergence of the railroad with Monroe and Regent Streets. After the late 1920's
it was possible to order a precut house through one of the nearby lumber firms. Several such homes
erected in the western area of the neighborhood still have the guide numbers or instructions for
assembly visible on their rafters. Home ownership thus was becoming a financially realistic goal for
ever-widening segments of the middle class.

        Although the layout of the new development followed that pattern established further east,
garages now were standard--sometimes even the first-built--features of homes. Leonard R. Gay’s
own house on Baltzell was equipped with a garage large enough to store the motor bus the he
planned to use to transport commuters. When mass transit reached the district in 1925, it took the
form of a bus route along Commonwealth Avenue then west on Monroe Street. The bus route
nurtured the same type of grocery- and pharmacy-based Monroe Street shopping strip that thrived
along the trolley line further east, with the notable addition of a number of filling stations and repair
garages to serve the new motoring public of the area. The western part of the neighborhood
represented an historical as well as a geographical transition between the streetcar suburbs to the
east and the former West Lawn Company's own more ambitious post-World War I venture to the
west. That western development, the purely residential Nakoma featuring large lots, setback
regulations, and curvilinear streets, was itself a transition to the automobile-centered "bedroom"
suburbs of the post-World War II era.

        Religious institutions were an important element throughout the neighborhood’s formative
years. In 1914 Westminster Presbyterian congregation, which had been holding Sunday School in
rooms over the former feedstore on Monroe Street since 1911, constructed a church at the entryway
to the West Lawn development. Westminster remained at the intersection of West Lawn and
Spooner Streets until moving to Nakoma in 1952. Subsequently, the building has been used as a
social service agency and a private preschool.

        At virtually the same time Westminster was established, Saint Andrew’s Episcopal parish,
organized in 1913, built a church on a nearby street now known as Roberts Court. Opened in 1915,
the structure has been continuously used and reused for religious purposes. When Saint Andrew’s
moved a short distance away to the Regent Neighborhood in 1928, the building was purchased by a
new Jewish congregation. By 1941-42, efforts were undertaken to turn it into a Jewish Community
Center. Instead, the temple was leased for a year to Beth El congregation, and in 1945 was sold to
Beth El. It soon was resold to Madison Bible Fellowship Church, and in 1982 the Religious Society
of Friends, present in the neighborhood since 1954, purchased the Roberts Court building from
Shalom Christian Center.

       Meanwhile, as Beth El’s Rabbi Dr. Manfred Swarsensky recalled in 1955, “Following the
population trend in the development of Madison’s residential neighborhoods, the congregation in
1948 purchased a site at 2702-06 Arbor Drive.” Expanding at about the same time in the western
portion of the neighborhood was Glenwood Moravian Church, which had been built in 1929 across
Gilmore Street from Dudgeon School. Additionally, Blessed Sacrament Roman Catholic parish,
founded in 1922, is located just outside Dudgeon-Monroe in the Regent Neighborhood and like
Saint Andrews, has served both constituencies.

        The western area of the neighborhood takes its name from the Dudgeon Elementary School
                                                                                                      11
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




opened in 1927 to accommodate the burgeoning local population. The Great Depression brought
growth to a halt and caught some families still living in what originally were meant to be their
garages but ultimately were converted to small homes. Amidst the wave of public works projects
undertaken to combat the widespread unemployment, a second story was added to Dudgeon School
in 1938, and in 1939 a fire station was built on Monroe Street across from Wingra Park. Although
the years right after the Second World War again witnessed a spurt of growth. Highlighted by the
construction of Temple Beth El and the expansion of Glenwood Moravian Church, there really was
little room left for further development. In 1947, several steps were taken to create Glenwood
Children's Park, designed by landscape architect Jens Jensen for the site of the defunct quarry.
Several streets from the Town of Madison west of Western Avenue were annexed to the city and the
neighborhood, along with their distinctive lack of sidewalks and eclectic house styles to
accommodate the park. At the same time, the UW Arboretum began to take a more active interest
in Lake Wingra and its environs through such projects as the dredging of Ho-Nee-Um pond in 1940
and eventual restoration of the oak savanna along Monroe Street west of Arbor Drive in the 1990's.
By then, the farms, industries and lumberyards, were gone, and the railroad was headed for decline.

         The rail line had long carried passengers as well as freight. As part of the Illinois Central, it
provided excellent connections to Chicago and other out-of-state cities. As a milk hauler, it
provided rural southern Wisconsinites with convenient boarding points for shopping trips to
Madison free from the hazards of winter or spring thaw driving. The main passenger station was on
West Washington Avenue, but from 1918 to 1932, a stop and shelter on the fringe of Dudgeon-
Monroe at the intersection of Monroe and Regent Streets with Oakland Avenue near Camp Randall
Stadium enabled passengers to debark for the stores on Monroe Street, the lumberyards, or the
trolley to downtown.

        World War II restrictions almost entirely eliminated the passenger service. Passenger rail
recovered briefly only in the form of excursions to football games at the stadium. Meanwhile, the
postwar switch from coal to cleaner fuels and pressure from the expanding university on the
lumberyards to move further out toward the growing suburbs had curtailed the freight traffic. By the
1990's there was just one customer on the entire route, a lumber company located at the city's
southwestern limits. The Illinois Central was out of the picture, having sold the line in 1980 to a
coalition of public bodies formed to prevent its abandonment. In time, the former passenger stop
area was refurbished by a landscaping company as a pocket park primarily used by patrons of Camp
Randall. The track area was informally reclaimed by neighbors as a park, just as the passenger stop
and, before that, the ice house grounds and quarry officially had been reclaimed.

        Throughout the postwar decades of massive suburbanization there were subtle but important
adaptations by local businesses to the decline in mass transportation and the overwhelming increase
in commuter and internal motor vehicle traffic within Dudgeon-Monroe. After a real estate investor
cleared an entire block of large houses from the north side of Monroe Street between Spooner and
Harrison, the Kroger Company moved its operation from a small shop across the street into one of
Madison's earliest versions of a supermarket. Significantly, however, Kroger vacated the new
market when neighborhood activists forestalled tearing down homes on Harrison and West Lawn to
expand the parking lot to its current dimensions. By the time the store had been taken over by Vilas
resident Wally Fauerbach, and later by Ken Kopp, to be run as an independent grocery, even with
the larger parking lot it no longer measured up to the prevailing image of a supermarket. A similar
                                                                                                       12
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




story accounts for the attempts of the Randall Bank to expand and open a drive-up window in the
alley behind the south side of Monroe Street. The outcome in that case was the demolition of
several small shops and relocation of some houses within the neighborhood, followed by
construction across Monroe of a new bank building with drive-up windows and its own, but soon
inadequate, parking lot.

        Despite, or because of, its modifications Dudgeon-Monroe has held together as a pedestrian
friendly middle- and upper- middle class neighborhood with three viable commercial districts and
rising property values. Although the reasons for that stability are not entirely clear, into the 1960's
the presence of Blessed Sacrament and Edgewood Catholic schools near the larger homes in the
eastern part of the neighborhood no doubt helped. More important, certainly, was the convenience
of the neighborhood for taking public transportation to Madison’s Isthmus and walking or biking to
the UW campus. Nevertheless, focusing on such physical characteristics should not obscure the
socio-political fact that Dudgeon-Monroe and the other near West Side neighborhoods were among
the birthplaces of the antiwar and women's political movements of the 1960's and 1970's. Residents
consequently developed exceptional skill in community organizing and well-honed expertise in
holding government accountable for maintaining the quality of life its citizens value. In any case,
and for whatever reasons, the thousand years of the neighborhood's inhabitation have witnessed a
constant appreciation for Lake Wingra and its nearby greenspace and use of what is now Monroe
Street as a transportation corridor. Meanwhile, for the past century and a half transportation has
brought with it commerce, followed by residential development.




                                                                                                    13
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                      DEMOGRAPHICS

       The demographics of the neighborhood are drawn from the 1990 U.S. Census for Census
Tracts 9 and 10.98. Caution is suggested when interpreting these statistics for two reasons: 1) the
amount of time since the Census was conducted, and 2) the tracts selected, while the closest
geographic matches to the neighborhood, include areas outside the neighborhood. In particular,
these inclusions beyond the neighborhood tend to exaggerate somewhat the neighborhood’s
population of university students. Despite these limitations, the Census data do provide a useful
examination of inhabitants of the surrounding area.

       In general, the neighborhood consists of a well educated population, a mix of high and low
incomes (the latter due to the large college age student population), the former employed in
professional occupations. All of these are summarized in the sections which follow.




                                                                                                14
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




Age

       Given the area of the City associated with these Census tracts, it is not surprising that
roughly one-fourth of the residents fall within the traditional college-age group of 18 to 24 years.
The neighborhood has long been considered an area that accommodates families. The age
demographics support that notion. Over 45 percent of the population consists of persons between
the ages of 24 and 54, and over fifteen percent of the population consists of children under the age
of 18. Another fifteen percent of the population in the neighborhood is 55 years or older. Overall,
the median age in the neighborhood is 31.2 years.




                              1990 POPULATION BY AGE GROUP
                                       (Median Age = 31.2  Years
                                       ( Median Age = 31.2 years ) )

                                                    0-4 Years
                                   60 + Years         4%        5-11 Years
                                     12%
                                                                   6%
                                                                      12-13 Years
                         55-59 Years                                     2%
                                                                         14-17 Years
                            3%
                                                                            3%


                    45-54 Years
                       9%




                                                                              18-24 Years
                                                                                 25%



                     35-44 Years
                        17%




                                                25-34 Years
                                                   19%




                                                                                                 15
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




Education

       Residents in the neighborhood are extremely well educated. Almost three-quarters (73.1%)
have completed university study. Over four out of every ten adults (40.6%) holds a graduate or
professional degree. Another 15.5% have partial university education (some university or associate
degree). The neighborhood is far more remarkable for high education than for high income.




                                                                    Highest Level of Education
                      2500                                                                                                                                                           2272


                      2000                                                                                                                                  1816
    # of Households




                      1500


                      1000
                                                                                                              626
                                                                                      402
                       500
                                                                                                                                   243
                                          97                  134

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                                                                                                                                                                                            16
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




Income

       Income distribution, based on the 1990 Census data, shows that the area has a wide range in
household incomes. Given the large college age population it is not surprising to see a large number
of household with annual incomes below $15,000. At the other end of the spectrum, the most
frequently cited annual income category was between $60,000 and $75,000.




                                                                     Annual Household Income

                     400




                                                                                                                                                   362
                     350
                           300




                     300
                                 263




                                                                                                                                                         230
                     250
   # of Households




                                                        208




                                                                          206
                                                              203
                                       200

                                             186




                                                                                                                182
                     200




                                                                                                                                       152
                                                                                                          148




                     150
                                                                    116




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                                                                                                                                                                              17
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




        Occupations

       The neighborhood is dominated by persons in professional occupations, particularly those
associated with the UW and with State government. By far the largest occupational category is
“professional specialty,” accounting for 39.3%. “Executive, managerial, administrative”
occupations account for 14.7%. “Administrative support/clerical” occupations are 14.0%, with
“technicians and related support” providing another 9.2% of occupations. Interestingly, retail sales
account only for 8.3% of the total, and skilled manufacturing occupations are put at a little less than
4%.




                                                                                                     18
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                        TRANSPORTATION
         Most of us enjoy the Dudgeon-Monroe neighborhood because of its convenience and
closeness to many day-to-day destinations. We are happy about the neighborhood's "livability," yet
there is a growing rumbling in our neighborhood. This rumbling is coming from concerns about
traffic speed and volume that make more and more hours of the day look and feel like "rush hour."
Many residents feel frustrated that our streets seem to be better places for cars than for people.

       Transportation issues have consistently ranked among the top concerns of the neighborhood
in surveys and discussion forums. Given the geography of the City and location of the
neighborhood, these issues will only intensify as the County continues to grow.

       The following map shows the major streets in the neighborhood and the changes in traffic
volume they have experienced. As can be seen even from a cursory review of the data, the
neighborhood faces significantly increased vehicular traffic problems.




                                                                                               19
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




       Monroe Street, the main arterial through the neighborhood, has seen particularly steady
growth. Since 1956, Monroe Street traffic has increased at a growth rate of approximately one
percent per year. Monroe Street traffic exceeded its designed capacity in 1985.




                                                                                           20
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




        That much of this growth is a direct result of continued outlying urban growth is evidenced
by the traffic peaks during morning and evening rush hours, and was corroborated in a 1995 license
plate study. That study found approximately six out of ten cars during the morning and evening
rush hours belonged to “through” traffic.

       Traffic along Monroe Street is steady during peak periods, i.e., morning and evening rush
hours. The graphs below depict traffic volumes at each intersection along Monroe Street.




                      1994 WEEKDAY PEAK HOUR TRAFFIC VOLUMES

                                              North/East Bound

             Segment                       AM Peak             Off Peak            PM Peak
                                         (7:30 to 8:30)      (Noon to 1 pm)    (4:45 to 5:45 pm)
Odana/Nakoma to Glenway                      1435                 565                 730
Glenway to Copeland                          1455                 NA                  760
Copeland to Western                          1455                 NA                  760
Western to Gilmore                           1455                 NA                  750
Gilmore to Chapman                           1445                 NA                  750
Chapman to Baltzell                          1435                 NA                  735
Baltzell to Pickford                         1435                 NA                  740
Pickford to Crandall                         1460                 NA                  745
Crandall to Knickerbocker                    1465                 620                 745
Knickerbocker to Sprague                     1465                 635                 750
Sprague to Commonwealth                      1455                 640                 750
Commonwealth to Terry Place                  1385                 NA                  750
Terry Place to Woodrow                       1370                 600                 740
Woodrow to Leonard                           1250                 805                 700
Leonard to Edgewood                          1145                 600                 675
Edgewood to Lincoln                           935                 NA                  610
Lincoln to Van Buren                          935                 NA                  615
Van Buren to Harrison                         930                 NA                  620
Harrison to Grant                             945                 485                 580
Grant to Regent                               745                 335                 395




                                                                                                21
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                              South/West Bound

             Segment                       AM Peak             Off Peak             PM Peak
                                         (7:30 to 8:30)      (Noon to 1 pm)     (4:45 to 5:45 pm)
Regent to Spooner                             355                 585                  1120
Spooner to Harrison                           440                 NA                   1255
Harrison to Van Buren                         445                 NA                   1255
Van Buren to Lincoln                          445                 NA                   1260
Lincoln to Edgewood                           445                 580                  1270
Edgewood to Leonard                           445                 590                  1215
Leonard to Woodrow                            415                 590                  1210
Woodrow to West Lawn                          375                 NA                   1215
West Lawn to Commonwealth                     400                 575                  1220
Commonwealth to Sprague                       485                 625                  1300
Sprague to Knickerbocker                      490                 625                  1300
Knickerbocker to Crandall                     485                 NA                   1250
Crandall to Pickford                          490                 NA                   1245
Pickford to Baltzell                          490                 NA                   1245
Baltzell to Chapman                           500                 NA                   1245
Chapman to Gilmore                            515                 NA                   1250
Gilmore to Western                            510                 NA                   1250
Western to Copeland                           515                 NA                   1260
Copeland to Glenway                           520                 605                  1265
Glenway to Odana/Nakoma                       555                 635                  1390



       While vehicles dominate activity on Monroe Street on an increasing basis, the pedestrian
scale of the neighborhood continues to encourage walking. The table below shows just how
prevalent walking is along busy Monroe Street, even during peak vehicular traffic times. Ironically,
many of the walkers are simply attempting to cross Monroe Street to reach bus shelters for their
morning eastbound bus trip into the University or downtown.




                                                                                                 22
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                   1994 WEEKDAY PEAK HOUR PEDESTRIAN VOLUMES
                             Monroe Street Crossing Points

             Intersection                       AM Peak           Off Peak          PM Peak
                                              (7:30 to 8:30)   (Noon to 1 pm)   (4:45 to 5:45 pm)
Crazylegs/Oakland                                   61              NA                 119
Breese Terrace                                      19              NA                   9
Garfield                                            21              NA                  13
Stockton Court                                      50              NA                  56
Spooner (N)                                         10               46                 23
Spooner (S)                                          5               15                 20
Harrison (N)                                        21              NA                  48
Harrison (S)                                        17              NA                  60
Prospect/Van Buren                                   5              NA                   5
Prospect (S)                                         7              NA                   8
Lincoln (N)                                         10              NA                  16
Lincoln (S)                                          1              NA                   0
Edgewood (N)                                        26                1                 11
Edgewood (S)                                         1                0                 10
Leonard (N)                                         17                2                  4
Leonard (S)                                         20                2                  5
Woodrow (N)                                          3                1                  2
Woodrow (S)                                          3                3                  1
West Lawn/Terry Place (N)                            2              NA                   5
West Lawn/Terry Place (S)                            0              NA                   5
Commonwealth (N)                                     7                3                 12
Commonwealth (S)                                     2                2                  3
Sprague (N)                                          3               17                 18
Sprague (S)                                          1               17                  6
Knickerbocker (N)                                    1                3                  0
Knickerbocker (S)                                    4                0                  1
Crandall (N)                                         2              NA                   2
Crandall (S)                                         1              NA                   3
Pickford (N)                                         2              NA                   4
Pickford (S)                                         0              NA                   4
Baltzell (N)                                         0              NA                   0
Baltzell (S)                                         0              NA                   1
Chapman (N)                                          2              NA                   3
Chapman (S)                                          3              NA                   0
Gilmore (N)                                          0              NA                   1
Gilmore (S)                                          0              NA                   0
Western (N)                                          0              NA                   0
Western (S)                                          0              NA                   0
Copeland (N)                                         0              NA                   0
                                                                                               23
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                              Intersection                                    AM Peak                           Off Peak                    PM Peak
                                                                            (7:30 to 8:30)                   (Noon to 1 pm)             (4:45 to 5:45 pm)
Copeland (S)                                                                       1                              NA                             0
Glenway (N)                                                                        8                                5                           20
Glenway (S)                                                                       28                               10                           15
Odana/Naloma                                                                       2                                0                            0
(N) North of intersection
(S) South of intersection



                Speeding along Monroe Street is another significant neighborhood concern. Recent
traffic studies reveal that the average traffic speed in the Pickford Street area, where the posted
speed is 30 mph, was 32 mph. Interestingly, over 15 percent of all vehicles traveled at speeds faster
than 36 mph, and over 64 percent of all vehicles traveled in excess of the posted speed limit. At
Harrison Street, where the posted speed is 25 mph, average weekday speed was found to be 29 mph.
Over 85 percent of all traffic exceeded the posted limit at Harrison, with the fastest 15 percent
exceeding 33 mph. Understandably, reducing speeds of vehicles on Monroe Street is a top priority
of neighbors.


PERCENT OF VEHICLES EXCEEDING THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT
BY HOUR ON A TYPICAL WEEKDAY


                                                            Monroe Street - South of Pickford
                         90
                              83

                                   83

                                        76




                         80
                                             75

                                                  75

                                                       74




                                                                                  72
                                                             71




                                                                                                                                                      69
    % Exceeding 30 MPH




                                                                                       67



                                                                                                   67




                                                                                                                   66

                                                                                                                        66




                         70                                                                                                                      66
                                                                             65




                                                                                                                                                           63
                                                                       61




                                                                                                              60
                                                                                             57




                                                                                                                             57
                                                                  56




                         60
                                                                                                        54




                                                                                                                                            53
                                                                                                                                       52
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                                                                                                                                                                24
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                                                                            Monroe Street - South of Harrison




                                                        97
                         100




                                                                                                                                                                                92
                                                                          90




                                                                                                                                                                                         89

                                                                                                                                                                                               88




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                                                                                   77
                          80




                                                                                                                                                           76
    % Exceeding 25 MPH




                                                                                                                                                  67
                          70




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  A
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    The combination of increased vehicular traffic, speeding, and a continued large presence of
pedestrians along Monroe Street requires efforts to improve the safety of the neighborhood.

     In addition to walking, a large number of residents continue to use the neighborhood streets and
paths as a means of travel via bicycle. Many riders use these routes for commuting to and from
work places. Efforts directed at encouraging existing and new bicycle commuters must be a goal of
the neighborhood. The recent actions taken by the South Central Wisconsin Rail Transit
Commission, Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Wisconsin Department of Natural
Resources, and the City of Madison regarding future use of the rail corridor must also be a high
priority for the neighborhood. The proposed rail to trail could be a major inducement to alternative
transportation by neighbors.

Conclusion:

     Despite their potential, issues relating to traffic volume through the neighborhood cannot be
easily addressed within the context of this plan. We have chosen, instead, to focus on ways to
mitigate traffic impacts, and to establish general principles and recommendations to guide our
approach.

     These principles and recommendations consider the negative impacts of motorized vehicles as
the number one problem. A major concern is safety, due to the speed of traffic on Monroe Street and
other streets, and the hazards this poses to pedestrians and bicyclists trying to cross. Difficulty in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 25
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




crossing is also a problem to businesses, as is parking. Parking needs are discussed further in the
Commercial and Community Facilities sections of the plan.


Principles

Recommendations related to transportation are guided by the following principles:

1.    Actions supported by D-MNA should consider the safety of all users, but especially the most
      vulnerable users: children, the elderly, and other pedestrians.

2.    Actions supported by D-MNA should not just redirect traffic problems around the
      neighborhood into side streets or surrounding neighborhoods, but mitigate them at their
      source.

3.    Actions supported by D-MNA should focus on traffic speed and hazards associated with
      irresponsible motoring first, and on traffic volumes second.




                                                                                                26
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                                                  TRANSPORTATION
                                              RECOMMENDATIONS AND ACTION ITEMS
          Recommendation                                      Action Item                               Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                      Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                                 Resource
                                                                                                                                                Requirement

1.Reduce the speed of vehicles using   Make the speed limit for the full length of Monroe Street a     City, state DOT   1 year     Low         Low
   Monroe Street and other streets.    consistent 25 mph.
                                       D-MNA Council establish traffic enforcement as highest          D-MNA, City       1 year     Moderate    Moderate
                                       priority in neighborhood traffic policing efforts. Advocate
                                       with city for a more visible, day-to-day traffic enforcement
                                       presence on Monroe, Commonwealth and Glenway Streets
                                       and Edgewood Avenue. Advocate with City for elevated
                                       enforcement of traffic infractions.
                                       Build awareness of speeding and its impacts on the              D-MNA             1 year     Low         Moderate
                                       neighborhood by: instituting a “Drive 25” campaign;
                                       supporting media events calling attention to hazardous
                                       conditions or habitual traffic enforcement problems; using
                                       the media, including articles in the Hornblower and local
                                       newspapers; encouraging residents to model driving safely
                                       and the importance of observing traffic laws to the public’s
                                       safety; work with local schools, particularly those with
                                       students of driving age, to build awareness of traffic safety
                                       concerns.
2.Create a livable, traffic-calmed     Prepare and implement a traffic management plan that            D-MNA, City       2 years    High        High
   neighborhood.                       incorporates use of the following traffic management
                                       devices on lower volume roadways: traffic circles, raised
                                       crosswalks and intersections, curb extensions, diagonal
                                       diverters, etc. Explore traffic calming options for Monroe
                                       Street.
                                       Improve neighborhood “gateways,” not only to enhance the        D-MNA, City       3 years    Moderate    Moderate
                                       character of the neighborhood transitions, but to alert
                                       motorists they are entering a pedestrian oriented
                                       neighborhood and need to slow down.



                                                                                                                                                              27
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




           Recommendation                                           Action Item                              Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                           Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                                      Resource
                                                                                                                                                     Requirement

3.Improve Monroe Street and other            In 1998, study options for improved crossing of Monroe         D-MNA, City       1 year     Low         Moderate
   streets for crossings and access for      Street for pedestrians for trial implementation in 1998-99.
   pedestrians and bicyclists.               Options considered should include: expanded enforcement
                                             of speed limit, median islands, enhanced crosswalk
                                             markings and signage, raised crosswalks, lights on
                                             crosswalks, half-signals and mid-block pedestrian
                                             crossings.
                                             Encourage the City engineering staff to design intersections   City              On-going   High        Moderate
                                             that will produce safe turning movements, reduce speeds,
                                             provide safer pedestrian crossings, and avoid fast right
                                             hand turns (e.g., intersection of Monroe Street and Odana
                                             Road).
                                             Create pedestrian friendly commercial zones that facilitate    D-MNA, City,      On-going   Moderate    High
                                             walking as a major mode of transportation. Promote             Merchants
                                             enhancements that establish a pedestrian friendly
                                             environment, such as storefront commercial landscapes,
                                             enhanced street/sidewalk lighting, well-marked crosswalks,
                                             signs alerting motorists to the presence of pedestrians, low
                                             speed limits and wide sidewalks. Work with the Monroe
                                             Street Merchants Association to identify appropriately
                                             marked crosswalks.
4.Improve pedestrian and bicyclist           Participate in the development of the City’s Pedestrian        D-MNA, City       On-going   Low         Moderate
   safety in the neighborhood.               Plan, its overall transportation plan, and updated bicycle
                                             plan. Make this neighborhood plan and its priorities part
                                             of the above plans.
                                             Identify intersections, particularly major intersections, at   D-MNA, City       2 years    Low         Low
                                             which prohibiting turns on a red light would improve
                                             pedestrian crossing.
                                             Install bike racks at area businesses.                         D-MNA, City       1 year     Moderate    Low
5.Participate in the development of the      Encourage creation of, and provide representatives to, a       D-MNA, City       1 year     High        High
   present rail corridor into a rail to      multi-neighborhood task force to work in collaboration
   trail (i.e., for bicycle and pedestrian   with the City in guiding the design and implementation of a
   use).                                     rail to trail.


                                                                                                                                                                   28
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




         Recommendation                                      Action Item                              Responsibility   Timeline    Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                     Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                                Resource
                                                                                                                                               Requirement

                                       Monitor progress of pedestrian/bicycle overpass at the        D-MNA             1 year      Low         Low
                                       South Beltline highway and further rail to trail
                                       development south of Madison.
                                       Actively promote use of the rail to trail as an alternative   D-MNA             3-5 years   Low         Low
                                       commuting pattern through such things as articles in the
                                       Hornblower.
6.Encourage Madison Metro ridership.   Install pleasant, comfortable bus shelters and/or benches,    Madison Metro     5 years     High        Moderate
                                       and other amenities along Monroe and Commonwealth
                                       Streets.
                                       Encourage residents to make a personal commitment to          D-MNA             On-going    Low         Low
                                       depend less on automobiles and to make choices that first
                                       consider other modes for some of their city or
                                       neighborhood trips and promote neighborhood carpooling.
                                       Support Monroe Street Merchants Association sponsorship       D-MNA,            2 years     Low         Low
                                       of retail discounts for transit patrons.                      Merchants
                                       Evaluate the impact of Madison Metro’s new bus hub            D-MNA             1 year      Low         Low
                                       system on the neighborhood.
7. Encourage appropriate maintenance   Reconstruct Glenway Street.                                   City              2 years     High        Low
   of neighborhood streets.




                                                                                                                                                             29
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                               HOUSING
     It is in large part the context of the neighborhood that makes the homes desirable. The
 "traditional" neighborhood character and closeness of homes are qualities people are rediscovering
 as values of the community. The balance between urban and single family scale is ideal for many.

      The Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood is currently zoned for residential purposes as primarily
R2. These zoning standards were developed in the 1960’s when it was desirable to increase the size
of yards around a dwelling. Unfortunately, the adjustments made with the R2 code do not
correspond well with the original standards in force when our neighborhood was established in the
1910’s, 20’s, and 30’s. The result has been an increasing number of problems as homeowners seek
variances to the zoning standards, which typically arise when families try to accomplish the dual
purposes of updating their homes with modern conveniences while remaining residents of the
neighborhood.

      In terms of dwelling types, the neighborhood is dominated by single family homes. However,
when considering the actual total living units in the neighborhood, there are more multi-family
dwelling places than single family. While we may consider the neighborhood as predominantly
occupied by homeowners, approximately three out of five dwelling units are actually occupied by a
renter. And regardless of the type of unit (single- or multi-family), the demand for housing in the
neighborhood remains quite high. Vacancy rates are relatively low at less than two percent of the
entire housing stock.

Table: Housing Types


                     Type                     # of Buildings   # of Dwelling    % of Total
                                                                   Units       Dwelling Units
      Single Family Homes                         1,011           1,011             43.7
      Two Unit Apartments                          25               50              2.2
      3 or More Units Apartments                   193            1,254             54.2
      Total                                       1,229           2,315            100.0


     Multi-family housing is predominantly found on the south side of Monroe Street and at the
northeast end of the neighborhood.

      Following are maps showing zoning classifications in and around our neighborhood, and types
of residential structures in the neighborhood.



                                                                                                 31
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




           Apart from type of structure, the quality of housing stock is often related to whether or not
units are occupied by owners. The Dudgeon-Monroe neighborhood has a large degree of resident
owners. Aside from the multi-family units described above, most single family dwellings in the
neighborhood are owner occupied. This feature is also one that the neighborhood aims to keep
among its highest priorities.

Table: Tenure of Dwellings


                                  Type              Total #        % of Total
                       Owner Occupied                 979              79.7
                       Renter Occupied                232              18.9
                       Vacant                          17               1.4
                       Total                         1,228            100.0


       The neighborhood contains homes that are older, and exhibit what many refer to as
 "character." In general, homes in the neighborhood were constructed with quality in mind. While
 over 4 out of every 5 homes in the neighborhood were built before 1950, maintenance has generally
 been very good. Very few homes in the neighborhood would be considered to have deteriorated in
 any significant way. Most homes have updated heating, plumbing and electrical systems, and many
 have additions that have created family rooms, studies, etc., reflecting changes in residents’
 lifestyles and needs.

      Residents consider the overall appearance of homes in the neighborhood to be one of its
positive attributes. The vast majority of homes are clean and well maintained; and their age lends a
distinctive appearance that helps establish the unique neighborhood character. The size of homes
can be seen as both positive and negative, with ease of maintenance and lack of storage providing
examples of each. Similarly, the smaller lots we live on have both pros and cons as well, providing
fewer maintenance requirements and simultaneously decreasing privacy.

      Following are maps indicating the patterns of owner- and non-owner occupied housing units in
the neighborhood and the age of housing units in the neighborhood.




                                                                                                     32
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




      Affordability of homes within the neighborhood is a growing dilemma -- affecting those
seeking to purchase as well as current occupants on fixed incomes, such as the elderly. Recent sale
prices, which require an income of at least $40,000 per year, limit the diversity of our neighborhood.
Payment of property taxes can be a significant burden for some seniors living on social security,
even when the mortgage is fully paid.

      Property value assessments for neighborhood homes are similar to the average range for the
City of Madison. That means we are not a low income area or a high income area. Nevertheless,
there is limited diversity among the persons who can afford to live here, an issue which received
much attention in the neighborhood survey.

Table: Average Assessed Values of Single Family Homes


                                  Year        Average Assessed Value
                                  1993                $90,300
                                  1995                $127,671
                                  1996                $135,390

      Selling a home generally provides a good return on investment because of rising home values,
but does not solve the dilemma of who can purchase. Sale prices are largely determined by the
market, over which an individual or a neighborhood plan has little control. The following map
shows housing assessments in the neighborhood. Relative to the broader housing market, the range
of prices/assessments is small, as indicated by the gradual change in the color of the map by area.


Principles

Recommendations related to housing in the neighborhood plan are guided by the following
principle:

Actions supported by D-MNA should preserve the quality of the homes while promoting diversity
among the people who can afford to live in our neighborhood.




                                                                                                   33
  Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                                                     HOUSING
                                        RECOMMENDATIONS AND ACTION ITEMS
         Recommendation                                    Action Item                            Responsibility   Timeline      Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                   Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                              Resource
                                                                                                                                             Requirement

1.Support maintenance and             Pursue changes in the existing R2 zoning category so the    D-MNA, City      1 year        Low         Moderate
   renovations of neighborhood        existing side-yards, front-yards, and rear yards reflect
   homes.                             original standards, current lifestyle needs, and preserve
                                      the ability to obtain variances that allow families to
                                      evolve in their homes and preserve the character of the
                                      neighborhood.
                                      Provide systematic city inspections of rental homes to      D-MNA, City      On-going      Moderate    Low
                                      insure maintenance of codes.
                                      Establish a D-MNA Housing Committee to work on              D-MNA            1 year, on-   Low         Moderate
                                      action items relating to housing.                                            going
                                      Provide information to the neighborhood using the           D-MNA            1 year, on-   Low         Low to
                                      Alternate Parade of Homes, a booklet, and homepage.                          going                     Moderate
                                      Share information regarding designers, architects and
                                      contractors.
                                      Offer home maintenance workshops.                           D-MNA            On-going      Low         Moderate
                                      Establish home repair teams to promote exchange of labor    D-MNA            3 years       Low         Moderate
                                      and tools.
                                      Establish networks for seniors and others who need          D-MNA            3 years       Low         Moderate
                                      assistance with chores and repairs.
                                      Participate in Dane County Paint-a-thon for a neighbor’s    D-MNA            On-going      Low         Moderate
                                      home.
                                      Review the assessment basis and study alternatives with     D-MNA, City      1 year        Low         Low
                                      the City and make information available in Hornblower.




                                                                                                                                                           34
   Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




          Recommendation                                      Action Item                             Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                    Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                               Resource
                                                                                                                                              Requirement

2.Support a diversity of creative      Identify properties that could be converted to mixed use       D-MNA, City      5 years    Low         Moderate
   housing approaches.                 for seniors, low income households, or persons with
                                       special needs. Support activities that would provide
                                       affordable rents, such as inviting a non-profit developer to
                                       do a project or mixed use commercial.
                                       Produce and distribute a booklet for seniors on                D-MNA            3 years    Moderate    Moderate
                                       adaptability and financial options.
                                       Support creation of land trusts, affirmative sales, Granny     D-MNA            On-going   Low for     Moderate
                                       flats (a small living unit adjacent to a relative), etc.                                   D-MNA,
                                                                                                                                  high for
                                                                                                                                  developer
                                       Work with present owners of properties surrounding             D-MNA, City      3 years    Moderate    Moderate
                                       institutions to keep them owner occupied and/or from
                                       being torn down.




                                                                                                                                                            35
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                           COMMERCIAL RESOURCES
         There are many businesses located within the Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood. Most of
these businesses are located in three separate areas along Monroe Street. Although these areas are
physically distinct from one another, and differ in the variety of shops and services offered, they are
all currently accessible to neighborhood residents who come by bike, bus, car, or foot.

Lower Monroe - 1500-1900 blocks

     Anchored by Camp Randall, this area is like a small town main street. It consists of a useful
mixture of community basics (e.g., bank, library, grocery, pharmacy) and shopping specialties (e.g.,
Orange Tree, Wild Child, Borokhim’s, Sepp Sports, galleries), along with restaurants, coffee bars
and offices. Patrons include students, neighbors, others from Madison and out of town visitors.

Middle Monroe - 2500-2700 blocks

      Anchored by Wingra Park, this area is a mix of old and new. It consists of traditional
businesses (e.g., Michael's Frozen Custard, Pasqual’s Restaurant, the Laurel Tavern, the Knitting
Tree, Budd’s Auto Repair, and Butler Plumbing) and the retail complex called Knickerbocker Place
which was built in 1994. Within easy reach of almost all neighbors, the area serves a mix of
joggers, bicyclists, pedestrians and others who come for a beer, dinner, frozen custard, or even an oil
change.

Upper Monroe - 3200-3600 block

      Anchored by the UW Arboretum, this area provides traditional community services such as an
auto service station, a combination pharmacy/general store/post office, a bed and breakfast, an
insurance agency office, and a beauty salon. The Dudgeon Center for Community Programs is also
adjacent to this area.


Residents’ Point of View:

         Based on results of the neighborhood survey, neighbors support having locally owned
businesses (rather than chains or franchises), agree that the area businesses meet their interests and
needs, and appreciate the benefits of the recent Monroe Street revitalization. In addition to the
businesses revitalization has attracted, neighbors requested more restaurants and bars, a hardware
store, and a neighborhood arts center. A number of people want more bike racks and benches for
outdoor seating along Monroe Street, and an automated teller machine was suggested for
Knickerbocker Place.

         Concerns cited by neighbors resulting from the increased business development primarily
related to traffic and parking problems in the neighborhood. Residents do not want chain stores,
                                                                                                    36
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




bicycle riding on the sidewalk, or the spread of commercial activity beyond Monroe Street. Many
were concerned about through-traffic use of the neighborhood by suburban commuters.

Merchants’ Point of View:

      Two focus groups were held with area businesses to get their perspective on neighborhood
issues. Merchants have located in the neighborhood because they find it economically attractive
with good exposure, active pedestrian trade, and the feeling of community and pride of ownership in
this area. They appreciate neighborhood support of their businesses and enjoy a good degree of
cooperation within their own diverse business group. Additionally, many merchants expressed
appreciation for nearby anchor businesses, such as the bank, grocery, and pharmacies.

          Parking for both customers and employees is a concern to many area merchants. Although
vehicular traffic is considered positive for businesses, many merchants also support efforts to make
it easier for pedestrians to cross Monroe Street. Removing bicycles from sidewalks to make them
safer for pedestrian and customers is also a priority among area merchants. Sustaining the quaint
atmosphere of the area was another common goal. Finally, it was suggested that the independent
business owners continue to pull together and build upon the successes and strengths of past
cooperation, and the mutual location within the neighborhood.


Principles

Recommendations related to the commercial elements of the neighborhood plan are guided by the
following principles:

1.    Actions supported by D-MNA should preserve the scale and character of the three commercial
      areas.

2.    Actions supported by D-MNA should balance businesses requirements to draw customers with
      the parking and traffic impacts on residential neighbors.




                                                                                                 37
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                                COMMERCIAL RESOURCES
                                        RECOMMENDATIONS AND ACTION ITEMS
         Recommendation                                       Action Item                             Responsibility   Timeline   Financia     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                   l Cost      Human
                                                                                                                                              Resource
                                                                                                                                             Requirement

1.Encourage continued support of        Continue to feature local businesses in the Hornblower.      D-MNA             On-going   Low        Low
   neighborhood businesses by
   neighborhood residents.
                                        Hold D-MNA functions in business establishments in the       D-MNA             On-going   Low        Low
                                        neighborhood.
2.Promote cooperation between           Encourage the Monroe Street Merchants Association to         D-MNA             2-5 year   Moderate   Low
   merchants in order to improve and    apply for the State of Wisconsin's Main Street Program or
   promote neighborhood business.       to create a Business Improvement District (BID) to
                                        maintain and increase the viability of commercial activity
                                        within the neighborhood.
3.Increase cooperation between the      Participate in the Monroe Street Merchants Association       D-MNA             On-going   Low        Low
    Monroe Street Merchants             and ensure their representation on D-MNA Neighborhood
    Association and D-MNA to            Council.
    promote mutual interests.
                                        Maintain a D-MNA presence at the Monroe Street               D-MNA             On-going   Low        Moderate
                                        Festival each year.
                                        Provide capital fund donations for physical improvements     D-MNA             When       Moderate   Moderate
                                        to the business district.                                                      possible
                                        Advertise the Monroe Street Festival in the Hornblower       D-MNA             On-going   Low        Low
                                        and encourage neighbors to support it.
4.Reduce traffic and parking problems   Replace spun aluminum highway-oriented lights on             City              1 year     High       Low
   by improving residents’ access to    Monroe Street with lower appropriate styles that meet
   businesses by means other than       functional and aesthetics needs.
   vehicles.



                                                                                                                                                        38
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




         Recommendation                                       Action Item                             Responsibility   Timeline   Financia     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                   l Cost      Human
                                                                                                                                              Resource
                                                                                                                                             Requirement

                                        Add pedestrian-scaled street lamps in the 1500-1700          City              5 years    High       Low
                                        blocks of Monroe Street and the southwestern Monroe
                                        Street business district.
                                        Add benches to bus stops along Monroe Street.                City              3 years    Moderate   Low
                                        Add bicycle racks in each business district along Monroe     City              1 year     Moderate   Low
                                        Street.
                                        Include Monroe Street on bicycle police patrol beat.         City              1 year     Moderate   Low
                                        Define a Monroe Street area parking plan.                    D-MNA, City       3 years    Moderate   Moderate
                                        Work with Merchants to enhance parking areas as              D-MNA,            On-going   Low        Moderate
                                        efficiently as possible, promoting shared parking            Merchants
                                        wherever feasible.
5.Maintain and enhance the character    Maintain a strong and active zoning committee within D-      D-MNA             On-going   Low        Moderate
   of commercial establishments along   MNA.
   Monroe Street without encroaching
   into adjacent residential areas.
                                        Discourage large or national chain stores from locating on   D-MNA             On-going   Low        Low
                                        Monroe Street and encourage locally owned stores.
                                        Develop Monroe Street area parking plan that                 D-MNA, City,      3 years    Moderate   Moderate
                                        incorporates well defined buffers using effective            Merchants
                                        landscaping and design strategies.




                                                                                                                                                        39
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                             COMMUNITY FACILITIES
      In 1973 the Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Association was formed, and the official
boundaries of the neighborhood were defined largely in response to the loss of a community
resource, Dudgeon Elementary School. Although the public school closed in 1971, the residents’
involvement in guaranteeing that it would be reused for educational purposes offers a good example
of the degree to which the neighborhood’s character is defined in terms of the community services
that are both demanded and provided here.




                               KEY TO MAP OF NEIGHBORHOOD
                                  COMMUNITY FACILITIES

                                          Community Services:
                        Dudgeon Center for Community Programs (3200 Monroe) 1
                         Monroe Street Branch of Public Library (1705 Monroe) 2
                                Madison Theatre Guild (2410 Monroe) 3
                           Monroe Street Fine Arts Center (2526 Monroe Street)
                                  Domestic Abuse Intervention Services
                                             Franklin House

                                   Schools and Youth Organizations:
                             Edgewood Campus School (2324 Edgewood Dr) 2
                                    Wingra School (3200 Monroe) 1
                                Edgewood High School (2219 Monroe) 3
                                  Edgewood College (855 Woodrow) 4

                           Pre-Schools, Nursery Schools, and Child Care Providers:
                                        New Morning (3200 Monroe) 1
                             Edgewood College Nursery School (855 Woodrow) 1
                                        New Dawn (1806 West Lawn) 2
                     Satellite Family Child Care, Inc. (3200 Monroe) – referral agency 1
                                     Cooperative Nursery (725 Gilmore) 2
                               Afterschool DayCare Association (3200 Monroe) 1

                                            Religious Institutions:
                                       Temple Beth El (2702 Arbor) 1
                         Glenwood Moravian Community Church (725 Gilmore) 2
                         Friends Meeting House - Quaker (1704 Roberts Court) 3
                         St. Ignatius Antiochian Orthodox Church (855 Woodrow)
                                University Community Church (2219 Monroe)
                               Christian Science Reading Room (1821 Monroe)




                                                                                               40
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




Community Services

      Dudgeon-Monroe has two publicly owned facilities that serve the neighborhood: Dudgeon
Center for Community Programs (3200 Monroe) and the Monroe Street Branch of the Madison
Public Library (1705 Monroe). The Center is home to preschools, a private elementary school, and
other non-profit agencies. It is also the site of the D-MNA monthly council meetings. The Monroe
Street Library has been a fixture in the neighborhood since 1944. Many residents are part of the
Monroe Library League which meets at and supports the library. Indeed, in the recent neighborhood
survey, the Library was identified as the one of the neighborhood’s greatest assets, second only to
the Arboretum and parks. The City leases a former fire station (2410 Monroe) to a non-profit
theater group that puts on performances elsewhere in Madison. Most recently, the neighborhood
also has seen the opening of the non-profit Monroe Street Fine Arts Center, where area residents can
enroll in a variety of visual and performing arts activities.

      Two residential social service agencies that rely directly or indirectly on government funding
serve countywide constituencies and maintain low visibility in the neighborhood to protect their
clients’ privacy. The same may be said about the three private psychotherapy counseling clinics and
one church-assisted pregnancy information center.


Schools and Organization for Youth

     The six public schools designated for the neighborhood's children are located outside of the
neighborhood boundaries. Those schools also house public adult education and indoor recreation
programs. There are three private schools, six preschools or child care centers and one college in
the neighborhood. A major land use (55 acres) in the neighborhood is the Edgewood campus,
consisting of nursery, elementary, and high schools as well as a college.

     Most of the Girl Scout and Boy Scout troops and after school programs are based at the public
and private schools mentioned above, or in nearby churches.


Religious Institutions and Social Services

      There are one temple, three churches, one meeting house, and one religious reading room in
the neighborhood, as well as several others in adjoining neighborhoods. The two publicly sponsored
programs for older adults meet in churches; two of the six preschools or child care centers are
housed in or affiliated with religious institutions; two of the three private elementary schools, one
high school and one college are identified with the Catholic Church. Three of the four openly
advertised recovery/support groups meet in Protestant churches.




                                                                                                  41
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




History of Community Facilities

      Over the years the community facilities issues have centered around the closing and reuse of
service facilities (e.g., Monroe Street Fire Station, Dudgeon Elementary School, religious
institutions). Recently, neighborhood action helped prevent the closing of the Monroe Street branch
library. In each case, these buildings have been retained or recycled for another good purpose yet
clientele often come from outside the neighborhood, generating traffic and parking concerns.

      While the lack of public schools within the neighborhood is not likely to change in the
foreseeable future, most neighbors are comfortable with the private schools, and other facilities.
One aspect which does cause concern relative to the location of schools is the fact that many young
pupils now must cross busy streets at morning rush hours to catch school buses or to walk to
Thoreau and Randall Schools as well as private schools that serve the neighborhood. (See the
“Transportation” section for further discussion of that issue.)

       Wingra School, now in the Dudgeon building, and the Edgewood Campus and High Schools
are the only schools within the neighborhood itself. All are private and draw pupils (and therefore
traffic) from a wider geographic area. Because Edgewood educational institutions have occupied
the site between Monroe Street and Lake Wingra since 1881, their value to the neighborhood, like
their presence, long was taken for granted. However, as all the Edgewood schools, including
Edgewood College, have become more dependent on commuter traffic and modern facilities to
attract students, there has been an increasing tendency among neighbors to question Edgewood’s
decisions and development plans. Indeed the most controversial community service issue facing the
neighborhood in recent years has been the growth of Edgewood.

      Generally, religious organizations have been left on their own either to stay in the
neighborhood or to move away and to help convince neighbors to accept the service agencies that
often propose to succeed them. Nevertheless, in the 1990's a concerted and ultimately successful
effort was made to keep Temple Beth El in the neighborhood and to enable it to expand its religious
school facilities.

      Many services provided within the neighborhood serve a broader population. The balance of
local use and issues of traffic and parking underscore the need for strengthened communication
between neighborhood residents and the community groups and organizations.

Principles

Recommendations related to the community facilities of the neighborhood plan are guided by the
following principle:

Actions supported by D-MNA should encourage collaborative working relationships with
community facilities.


                                                                                                42
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan



                                                    COMMUNITY FACILITIES
                                         RECOMMENDATIONS AND ACTION ITEMS
          Recommendation                                        Action Item                              Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                       Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                                  Resource
                                                                                                                                                 Requirement

1.D-MNA Council should actively          Work with the schools, sheltered homes, religious              D-MNA             On-going   Low         Moderate
   encourage and solicit neighborhood    institutions, and other community facilities in the
   representation on critical citizen    neighborhood to mitigate traffic infiltration and adverse
   boards including the Edgewood         parking impacts.
   Liaison Group, Monroe Street
   Library League, Madison Public
   Library Board, Domestic Abuse
   Intervention Services Board,
   Dudgeon Center for Community
   Programs Board, and the Monroe
   Street Library League.
                                         Encourage reduction of traffic and parking problems by         D-MNA, City,      On-going   High        High
                                         increasing access to the neighborhood via non-automobile       State
                                         transportation such as bus passes and the rail to trail bike
                                         path.
                                         Follow up any rezoning or reuse of a community facility to     D-MNA, City       On-going   Low         Moderate
                                         monitor compliance and impact on the neighborhood.
2.Promote awareness and use of           Designate certain facilities, including Dudgeon Center for     D-MNA             On-going   Low         Moderate
   neighborhood educational, cultural,   Community Programs, Monroe Street Library, Thoreau
   and recreational facilities           School, Randall School, Monroe Street Fine Arts Center,
                                         and the Edgewood institutions, that D-MNA should strive
                                         to maintain as neighborhood assets.
                                         List activities sponsored by community facilities in the       D-MNA             On-going   Low         Moderate
                                         Hornblower calendar and D-MNA homepage and use
                                         feature articles to publicize the services available.
                                         Continue to provide social activities for neighbors of all     D-MNA             On-going   Moderate    High
                                         ages through the D-MNA Jazz in the Park and Social
                                         Committees.

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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan


         Recommendation                                       Action Item                              Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                     Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                                Resource
                                                                                                                                               Requirement

                                       Add D-MNA sponsored social activities specifically for         D-MNA             On-going   Moderate    High
                                       older adults, families with young children, adolescents, and
                                       intergenerational groups.
                                       Identify recreational programs that should be expanded in      D-MNA,            3 years    Moderate    Moderate
                                       (or transferred to) existing community facilities.             Madison School
                                                                                                      Community
                                                                                                      recreation




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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan



                                              PHYSICAL RESOURCES
         The Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood, geographically located on the near-west side of Madison, is defined by a variety of
residential, commercial, institutional, recreational, and transportation related land uses. Commercial elements of the neighborhood are
generally divided into three distinct districts along Monroe Street (see Commercial section), intermingled with institutional and
residential land uses. The neighborhood residential districts are on either side of Monroe Street and include single and multi-family
housing types, the latter being predominately located along Monroe Street and Arbor Drive.

        Edgewood College, High School, and Campus School occupy 55 acres along the south side of the Monroe Street corridor.
The neighborhood, bisected by Monroe Street, one of the major routes to the downtown and the UW, has several transportation
systems including railroad, bicycle and pedestrian with the potential for a commuter rail or bicycle corridor. The D-MNA
neighborhood is located minutes from the downtown, UW, hospitals, schools, and is within walking distance to work and school for
many residents.

      A major reason many residents like the neighborhood is the immediate access to green spaces. The surrounding area includes the
Vilas Zoo and Park, University of Wisconsin Arboretum, Lake Wingra, Glenway Golf Course and Forest Hill Cemetery. Within the
neighborhood itself there are three City parks: Glenwood Children's Park, Wingra Park and Dudgeon Park. Each offers opportunities
to walk, bike, and play. Neighbors have supported retention ponds as a means of improving Lake Wingra water quality and have
contributed to the City’s investments in rebuilding the Lake Wingra Boathouse and several playground development projects. The
neighborhood also includes some historically significant landscape design and effigy mounds worthy of preservation efforts.

         The neighborhood enjoys an attractive streetscape and visual character. Mature trees and some newer trees line most streets,
and many residents have interesting plantings in their yards and on the terraces adjacent to the sidewalks. An example of a successful
treatment of streetscapes was the reconstruction of the 2400 block of Fox Avenue in which the City and Madison Gas and Electric
collaborated with neighbors on placing utilities underground, enhancing both the safety and aesthetic elements of the affected area.
More recently, MG&E also collaborated with the City to place utilities underground on the 1700 to 1900 blocks of Monroe Street as
part of a larger project to make the commercial area more aesthetically pleasing.




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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan



      Many of the commercial sectors of the neighborhood were constructed in the early part of the century. There is a charm to the
style of structures that is envied by many other neighborhoods in the city. Awnings and brick facades make visually appealing places
for shoppers to stroll and patrons to eat a meal or sip a coffee.

      There are a few buildings located along Monroe Street that lack architectural character and do not complement the historic scale
and character of the neighborhood. These buildings are "box-like" in appearance with limited architectural expression and little or no
resemblance to the historic character of the neighborhood. Improvements to these properties will be necessary if they are to relate
positively to the neighborhood’s pedestrian character. In addition, there are parking areas that could be better screened and improved
upon visually.

        While the neighborhood is fairly densely developed and new construction is rare, redevelopment projects do occur. The
neighborhood must continue to work with the appropriate City and private agencies to identify appropriate locations for specific
improvements.


Principles

Recommendations related to parks and physical resources in the neighborhood plan are guided by the following principles:

1.    Actions supported by D-MNA should maintain and improve the quality of neighborhood parks and Lake Wingra.

2.    Actions supported by D-MNA should maintain and improve the quality of the physical resource elements of the neighborhood
      such as new developments and streetscape character.

3.    Actions supported by D-MNA should seek to preserve the historic character of the Dudgeon-Monroe neighborhood as one of the
      older neighborhoods in Madison.

4.   Actions supported by D-MNA should strive to coordinate any physical improvements with adjoining neighborhoods, the UW
Arboretum, the UW Master Plan, the Edgewood Master Plan, area merchants, and the City of Madison.



                                                                                                                                   46
 Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




                                                       PHYSICAL RESOURCES
                                         RECOMMENDATIONS AND ACTION ITEMS
         Recommendation                                        Action Item                            Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                    Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                               Resource
                                                                                                                                              Requirement

1.Work to improve the water quality of   Work with City and Edgewood College and other                D-MNA, City,     On-going   Moderate    Low
   Lake Wingra.                          agencies to monitor water quality of Lake Wingra.            Edgewood
                                         Continue the annual Lake Wingra Clean Up and assist          D-MNA            On-going   Low         Low
                                         with additional control of invasive species such as purple
                                         loosestrife.
                                         Provide educational information to neighbors about run-      D-MNA            On-going   Low         Low
                                         off and potential clean street program through the
                                         Hornblower. Encourage use of storm drain stencils, i.e.,
                                         “dump no waste, drains to lake.”
2.Promote restoration, maintenance,      Continue D-MNA’s active involvement in and support of        D-MNA,           On-going   Low to      Moderate
   and enhancement of neighborhood       the Oak Savannah Restoration Project.                        Arboretum                   moderate
   parks and open spaces.
                                         Promote restoration of Glenwood Children’s Park and          D-MNA, City      2 years    Moderate    High
                                         modification of the original design by Jens Jensen through
                                         D-MNA contributions, solicitation of City funds, and
                                         volunteer efforts.
                                         Seek funding for additional benches at Wingra Park,          D-MNA            2 years    Low         Low
                                         perhaps through a memorial program.
                                         Monitor the use of the Park and Pleasure Drive and           D-MNA            On-going   Low         Low
                                         promote its original purpose and use as a continuing
                                         community asset. Study the control and speed of traffic
                                         along the drive.
                                         Continue active involvement in development of                D-MNA            On-going   Low         Low
                                         Edgewood Woodland Management plan and
                                         implementation of its action items.



                                                                                                                                                         47
 Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan



          Recommendation                                     Action Item                             Responsibility    Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                    Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                               Resource
                                                                                                                                              Requirement

                                       Encourage the City to upgrade park and playground             D-MNA, City       On-going   Moderate    Low
                                       equipment on an annual basis via the capital budgeting
                                       process as needs warrant.
                                       Areas of open space around institutional land uses should     D-MNA             3 years    High        Low
                                       upgrade perimeter fencing with more attractive, historic
                                       character styles.
                                       Establish volunteer efforts to keep the proposed rail to      D-MNA             3 years    Low         High
                                       trail clear of debris and brush along its length.
                                       Preserve the UW Arboretum as an attractive adjacent           D-MNA             On-going   Low         Low
                                       resource which is easily accessible by neighborhood
                                       residents for outdoor activities.
                                       Preserve the prairie around the detention/retention pond at   D-MNA             On-going   Low         Low
                                       the end of Glenway Street as a valuable asset to the
                                       neighborhood.
3.Enhance the streetscape and visual   Improve the pedestrian scale amenities and lighting along     D-MNA,            1 year     Moderate    Low
   character of the neighborhood.      Monroe Street to replace the “gooseneck” area lighting in     Merchants, City
                                       the commercial blocks with more appropriate styles.
                                       Expand the quality and character established by the           D-MNA,            5 years    High        Moderate
                                       beautification project on the 1700-1900 blocks of Monroe      Merchants, City
                                       Street by completing a similar project on the south
                                       commercial areas of the corridor.
                                       Monitor signage applications of area businesses.              D-MNA             On-going   Low         Low
                                       Encourage owners of buildings along Monroe Street to          D-MNA,            On-going   High        Low
                                       make “pedestrian scale” storefront or façade                  Merchants
                                       improvements to maintain the existing character of the
                                       street.
                                       Provide physical improvements such as entrances,              D-MNA, City,      On-going   Moderate    Low
                                       signage, pedestrian scale lighting, gardens, open space       Merchants
                                       and quality architecture to establish residential character
                                       and neighborhood identity in new developments and
                                       improvements in other areas.


                                                                                                                                                         48
 Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan



          Recommendation                                         Action Item                             Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                                       Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                                  Resource
                                                                                                                                                 Requirement

                                           Provide streetscape and utility improvements when road        City, Madison    On-going   High        Low
                                           re-construction projects are anticipated, e.g., 2400 Fox      Gas & Electric
                                           Avenue project.
                                           As the rail to trail is developed, work with City to ensure   D-MNA, City      2 years    Moderate    Low
                                           appropriate landscaping for screening, aesthetics, safety.
                                           Preserve the mature and new street trees and wide terraces    D-MNA, City      On-going   Low         Low
                                           in the neighborhood.
                                           Locate interpretive signs within the neighborhood at          D-MNA, City      5 years    Moderate    Moderate
                                           public sites, where appropriate, to educate residents and
                                           visitors about the history of the neighborhood.
                                           Screen and enhance parking lots and areas with                D-MNA, City,     On-going   Moderate    Low
                                           landscaping to make them more attractive.                     Merchants
4.Create clearly identified entrances to   Place entrance signs and landscaping (like that found         D-MNA, City,     5 years    High/       High/
   the neighborhood.                       currently at the Grant/Spooner, Monroe intersection) at       Merchants                   Moderate    Moderate
                                           key entrances to the neighborhood. Ideas: maintaining
                                           and enhancing the triangular park near the intersection of
                                           Monroe and Regent Streets as major entrance to
                                           neighborhood, UW, and downtown Madison; continuing
                                           to enhance the neighborhood sign at Spooner/Grant/
                                           Monroe with plantings coordinated by the D-MNA
                                           Gardening Committee and area merchants; siting future
                                           neighborhood sign at location near Monroe Street and
                                           Odana Road as southwestern gateway to D-MNA; and
                                           repair/maintain the bridges at Spooner Street and
                                           Edgewood Avenue as entrances to neighborhood while
                                           keeping their existing aesthetic qualities.
5.Identify strategic                       Maintain close working relationships with City Planning       D-MNA, City,     On-going   Low         Low
    redevelopment/reuse sites within       and Development Department via active D-MNA Zoning            Merchants
    the neighborhood.                      Committee on potential rezoning, conditional use, and
                                           liquor license applications and work with the Monroe
                                           Street Merchants Association to identify occupancy
                                           changes in commercial establishments.

                                                                                                                                                            49
Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan



       Recommendation                                      Action Item                           Responsibility   Timeline   Financial     D-MNA
                                                                                                                               Cost        Human
                                                                                                                                          Resource
                                                                                                                                         Requirement

                                     Explore with the City Planning and Development              D-MNA, City      5 years    High        Moderate
                                     Department the following locations as potential sites for
                                     redevelopment/reuse.
                                     Work with developers to ensure that proposed                D-MNA Zoning     On-going   Low         Moderate
                                     developments are compatible with the character and
                                     pedestrian scale of the neighborhood, encouraging the
                                     mixed use development (residential/commercial).




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Dudgeon-Monroe Neighborhood Long-Range Plan




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