Sigiriya 2

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					Sigiriya is a large stone and ancient rock fortress and palace ruin in the central Matale
District of Sri Lanka, surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens,
reservoirs, and other structures. A popular tourist destination, Sigiriya is also renowned
for its ancient paintings (frescos) which are reminiscent of the Ajanta Caves of India. It is
one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka. It is also declared by UNESCO as the
8th Wonder of the World.

Sigiriya may have been inhabited through prehistoric times. It was used as a rock-shelter
mountain monastery from about the 5th century BC, with caves prepared and donated by
devotees of the Buddhist Sangha. According to the chronicles as Mahavamsa the entire
complex was built by King Kashyapa and after the king's death, it was used as a Buddhist
monastery until 14th century.

The Sigiri inscriptions were deciphered by the archaeologist Senarath Paranavithana in
his renowned two-volume work, published by Cambridge, Sigiri Graffiti and also Story
of Sigiriya.

				
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posted:9/4/2012
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