SIGNS AND SYMBOLS OF MUSIC ACCIDENTALS - signs used in music to indicate the raising or lowering of a tone. Accidentals are place before a particular note. 1. Sharp - # - raised a note by a half step (semitone). 2. Flat - - lowers note by a half step. 3. Natural - - cancels the effect of # or 4. Double Sharp - ## - raises the pitch of a note by two semitones or one whole tone. 5. Double Flat - - lowers the pitch of a note by two semitones or one whole tone. NOTES AND REST Note – a term used both to describe a given pitch and the sign used to indicate the value of a note. Rest – a sign which denotes silence or pause. For example, if it takes two beats to sing a whole note. The corresponding whole rest will also have two beats. WHOLE HALF QUARTER EIGHT 16TH 32ND 64TH NOTE REST SIGNS AND SYMBOLS OF MUSIC a. Staff – a set of 5 horizontal lines and spaces between them on which notes can be place to show the pitches of musical tones. b. Ledger Lines – added lines below or above the staff to accommodate notes that are beyond the staff. c. Bar-line – a vertical line drawn through the musical staff. _____________________----__________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ d. The Pitch of musical sounds is shown by little oval characteristics, called notes, on lines and in spaces; these notes are named after the 7 letter/s of the alphabet, A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Some read the notes as solfa syllables: do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, (si).