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Advanced Essay Structure Transitions and Order

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					         Advanced Essay
         Structure:
         Order and Transitions
Moving from a list of related ideas
to a cohesive and persuasive
whole.
Order
   Which is the proper order?
     The  order you thought of your ideas in?
     Alternating between important and
      unimportant?
     Starting with the most important and ending
      with the least important?
     Starting with the least important and ending
      with the most important?
Finding Order in the Disordered
World of Writing
 Order of Importance
 Chronological or Sequential Order—
  sequence of time
 Spatial Order—physical description
 Logical Order—points that build upon one
  another
Connecting in Order
Once you have the order of your ideas set—
 through outlining or drafting and revision—
 you can help the reader understand that
 order through the use of transitions
Transitions . . .
   Connect ideas within paragraphs through
    words and phrases:
     Sequence: again, first, also, finally, etc.
     Comparison: similarly, in the same way, etc.
     Cause: because, since, due to, as a result, etc.
     Space: above, below, adjacent, etc.
     Examples: such as, for instance, in particular,
      etc.
Content Transitions
 Transitions also connect body paragraphs
  by showing how ideas are related to one
  another and to your thesis.
 Transitions may be located in the clincher
  sentence of the paragraph or in the topic
  sentence of the following paragraph.
 Paragraph without Transitions
Thesis: Schools should not be allowed to test students due to the
  costs and inherent fairness issues involved in drug testing.
Body Paragraph 1: Developing, implementing, and administering a
  testing program is very costly. Start-up costs include choosing a
  test provider, buying or developing tracking data bases, and
  setting up a procedure for selection of subjects, handling of test
  materials, and communicating results. Implementation costs
  include hiring professionals or training staff to administer the
  tests and setting up an appropriate test site. Administration costs
  include hiring an administrator to oversee all aspects of the
  testing, such as handling punishments and appeals.
Body Paragraph 2: Drug testing can result in inaccurate test results
  and biased administration.
    Paragraph with Transitions
Thesis: While drug testing might have a beneficial effect for some
  students, schools should not be allowed to drug test students due to
  the costs and inherent fairness issues involved in testing.
Body Paragraph 1: The costs involved in developing, implementing, and
  administering a testing program make it an unwise choice. Start-up
  costs include choosing a test provider, buying or developing tracking
  data bases, and setting up a procedure for selection of subjects,
  handling of test materials, and communicating results. In addition to
  these costs, implementation of the program would require hiring
  professionals or training staff to administer the tests and setting up
  an appropriate test site. Similarly, administration costs include hiring
  an administrator to oversee all aspects of the testing, including
  handling punishments and appeals. The level of expenditure
  necessary to run a testing program properly is high, but the risk of
  injustice if not enough money is spent on such a program is higher.
Body Paragraph 2: It is possible to run a testing program more
  cheaply, but this would increase the already present danger of
  inaccurate results or biased administration.
Summary
   By showing how ideas relate to one
    another, transitions provide clarity to your
    thinking, direction to your reader, and unity
    to your essay—and let’s not forget points
    to your grade.

				
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posted:9/4/2012
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