Document Sample
    0   CoppemNews
            Bimonthly bulletin by Coppem, year 8 n.29/30 January 2008

                       DUBAI, EURO-ARAB
                       CITIES FORUM
                                      EDITORIAL BY PIERO FAGONE

                                      The issues of peace and of sustainable development are common to the Arab and the Euro-
COPPEMNEWS                            pean regions, for this reason they both play a key role in the relationships at a worldwide lev-
                                      el. In many cases it is difficult to find a solution for such severe problems also due to the in-
FABIO PELLEGRINI                      flexible positions of national states. However, there is a new hope for peace and balance: the
assistant editor                      cities of this large area are ready to provide their contribution to overcome conflicts and in-
editorial director                    equalities. Next 10 and 11 February the Forum of the Euro-Arab Towns will be held in Dubai;
PIERO FAGONE                          this event must be considered as the prosecution of relationships which have been discontin-
editorial staff                       ued for long periods, but which have never virtually been interrupted, as the experience of
ROBERTA PUGLISI                       ATO and Coppem have demonstrated. Both entities are in fact committed to increase and ex-
NINO RANDISI                          pand the Euro-Mediterranean partnership. The Mediterranean is considered as an “ideal meet-                  ing place” and the most suitable area to develop “a powerful cooperation process, where Eu-
translations                          ropean and Arab cities and regions belonging to two different shores and two different conti-
ELVIRA CALABRESE, MARIA CONCETTA      nents, must play a conscious and crucial role”.
DOMINIQUE PASTA (FRENCH)              Such perspective has also been outlined by the representatives of some of the most important
SONIA YAKOUBI (ARABIC)                European countries, such as the President of the French Republic, Mr. Nicolas Sarkozy, who
cover and graphic project             floated the proposal to set up a Mediterranean Union, the German Chancellor Ms. Angela
LUIGI MENNELLA                        Merkel and the Spanish Prime Minister, José Luis Zapatero, who launched the idea of an Al-
printed by
FOTOGRAF - PALERMO                    liance of civilisations at the UN General Assembly. These proposals have all originated ex-
                                      tensive and lively discussions, which are however, far from the formulation of concrete pro-
                                      posals on this matter. Leaving aside the question of the different opinions on this topic,
                                      nonetheless, a fact has been clearly outlined: the recognition of the key role of the Mediter-
                                      ranean in a new framework of economic development. In other words the Mediterranean is
                                      regaining its ancient geo-political role, of course in the new perspective of the changes which
                                      took place in the political set-up at a worldwide level. The imminent meeting of Dubai not
                                      only will enhance the memories but also the values of a very interesting and recent history.
                                      Three fundamental events have characterized this recent historical period: the agreement of
                                      friendship and cooperation signed in Valencia in 1984, the first Euro-Arab Towns Conference
                                      of Marrakech in 1988, and the Second Conference held in Valencia in September 1994.
                                      After almost 14 years a more direct contact and comparison is about to be restarted in a Fo-
                                      rum. Since its announcement the Forum has aroused great interest and generated many ex-
                                      pectations in the international community. As an evidence of this, the Press Conference or-
cover photo
PALERMO, BURJ AL ARABIIN              ganised in Rome at the Capitol to present the Forum, upon imitative of all the promoting bod-
                                      ies, was very busy. Many people share the opinion that Local Autonomies may play a funda-
                                      mental role for the promotion of peace and development, since they are the most direct and
                                      immediate expression of the citizens and because, by means of cooperation, local autonomies
                                      have a wider and more flexible scope of action as compared to that of single States.
                                      The XII Coppem General Assembly has devoted a lot of space to the topics which will be dealt
                                      with in Dubai. We are all aware that this event is of paramount importance from a political,
                                      economic and cultural point of view. This initiative will generate important spin-offs to start
                                      new attempts of progress for the two regions towards long-lasting peace and stability; such
                                      progress however, must be compatible with the protection of the environment since this is a
                                      valuable and non-negotiable asset. Over time, Coppem has developed several actions in line
                                      with these goals, as demonstrated by its most recent projects or by those still under develop-
                                      ment, without reducing its efforts in the attempt to promote democracy, equality, equal op-
                                      portunities between men and women and to support civil and economic development.
                                      Coppem has also been aware that it is fundamental to detect models which could better help
                                      people to reach future perspectives in a dimension which could guarantee effective progress for
                                      these areas. In actual fact, this is the great challenge of the Forum of Dubai.

The political and                                                                                                  cities to follow the
cultural     debate                                                                                                pathway to a more
which has charac-                                                                                                  and more substan-
terised the 12th                                                                                                   tial local develop-
Coppem General                                                                                                     ment. Indeed, we
Assembly         has                                                                                               will also give a
clearly shown the                                                                                                  helping hand to
shared awareness                                                                                                   those who fight to
that the Forum of                                                                                                  affirm that the
Euro-Arab towns,                                                                                                   most crucial mat-
scheduled for next                                                                                                 ters are to be
10th and 11th Feb-                                                                                                 solved worldwide
ruary, in Dubai,                                                                                                   by means of dia-
will represent a                                                                                                   logue and peace
great international                                                                                                and certainly not
event.      Indeed,                                                                                                by means of war.
thirteen years after                                                                                               The Dubai meet-
the Conference in                                                                                                  ing is intended by
Valencia, the dis-                                                                                                 its organizers as a
cussion will focus again on the dialogue     governance of complexity on its own.             way to systematise the relationships be-
between local communities with the           The most difficult and serious problems          tween towns by means of several deci-
aim of contributing to peace, economic       humanity has to face cannot be dealt             sions to be made on the occasion. For
development, social and cultural             with, as Jean Jacques Russeau used to            instance, the Forum is to be held every
growth within a renewed dimension of         say, by tracing a circle around them and         two years in different venues, alternate-
cooperation and solidarity. As the Fo-       declaring: “This is mine”. The defence           ly European and Arab towns. Moreover,
rum will further confirm, it is absolutely   of particular interests, even worse if           a Coordination Committee should be
clear that a prospect of an intense and      they are in contrast with general ones,          appointed and the programme agreed
positive collaboration between the Eu-       will not resolve anything. It is essential       should be fully implemented, particular-
ropean and the Arab towns is not             to cooperate, to run projects together,          ly during the 2-year interval. The inter-
against anyone. In fact, we state firmly,    to pursue firmly the targets agreed on by        national relations between towns offer
also on behalf of our partners, that the     the Euro-Mediterranean countries in              them great advantages as they reduce
cooperation between Euro-Arab cities         Barcelona in 1995. Peace and security,           the burden of relations between Coun-
accepts the contribution of all those        economic, financial, social and cultural         tries and give them the opportunity to
showing interest in political initiatives    partnerships are our aims. We intend to          mobilise their human resources by in-
and projects whose aim is the entire         achieve them on a large scale in order           volving their youth, both boys and girls.
growth of institutional systems and          to replace the logic of clash, sometimes         Since the beginning of human history,
their economies. Moreover, it is neces-      so exaggerated to be even presented as a         nothing has ever been done without
sary to acknowledge the changes in the       clash of civilisations, by promoting val-        giving great importance to ideals and
framework of economic relationships          ues and policies concerning socialisa-           without a material project, able to
worldwide and, may it not look like a        tion and brotherhood. The beginning of           achieve at least partial results referable
contradiction, to recover completely         a new phase in the cooperation rela-             to the overall group of objectives iden-
the role played by local autonomies and      tionships between Arab and European              tified. Every day, the mayors of the
their capacity for determining and man-      towns implies that the parties agree on          cities have to tackle pressing problems
aging choices made at governmental           crucial themes, such as those which will         but we are sure that a managerial policy
level. We are more and more convinced        be focused on in Dubai. Briefly, this            will not prevent them from accepting
about living in an age that needs the        means that if we will succeed in carry-          the challenge of “a new role to be
culture of dialogue. No country, not         ing out significant projects for sustain-        played by Euro-Arab towns for a new
even the strongest one, can manage the       able development, we will not only help          kind of development”.

                                                                                          1                               JANUARY 2008

Organising Committee:                          ence held at Marrakech in October 1988          ranging associations and networks at
Dubai Municipality, AEU; Arab Town             • the second Euro-Arab towns Confer-            global, European, Arab and Euro-
Organisation, ATO; Arab Urban De-              ence that took place in Valencia in Sep-        Mediterranean level. A productive and
velopment Institute – AUDI; Standing           tember 1994                                     active dialogue between these actors
Committee for Euro-Mediterranean                                                               has already started, and it has already
Partnership of Local and Regional Au-          EUROPEAN AND ARAB WORLD                         shown its promise for the future.
thorities – COPPEM; Congress of Local          LOCAL AUTHORITIES                               Positive relations and interactions
and Regional Authorities - Council of          Cities and regions of the European and          with Non-Governmental Organiza-
Europe; Council of European Munici-            Arab world come from geopolitical areas         tions and other international institu-
palities and Regions - CEMR                    with different traditions, cultures, reli-      tions such as the Arab League, the An-
                                               gions, political, economic and social           na Lindh Foundation, the Euro-
                                               structures; in the past and even more to-       Mediterranean Parliamentary Assem-
INTRODUCTION                                   day, with our inter-dependent and               bly, the Union of the Mediterranean
In this age of globalisation, which is         shrinking world, it has been and is essen-      Universities and so on, are extremely
driving such fast-moving socio-eco-            tial to organise spaces for dialogue and        important to Euro-Arab cities and re-
nomic changes, and which has been led          debate among between our representa-            gions, which may benefit from their
and regulated by the supranational /           tives, looking together at development          knowledge and support.
global level, cities and regions want to,      models which are based on co-operation          The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership,
and must, recover a key role in promot-        and mutual support and understanding.           initiated with the Barcelona Declara-
ing and providing economic prosperity          The Mediterranean has long been the             tion of 1995, aims to be a process of co-
and social welfare for their citizens and      meeting-place for our cultures and civili-      operation between Europe and the
communities.                                   sations, and the area is today seeking to       Southern Mediterranean shore Coun-
For there can be no real development           recover its role for promoting peace and        tries. The EU Neighbourhood Policy
without local development, giving              prosperity – a task of utmost importance        enhances the attention towards the
every citizen a better quality of life, just   not only to Europe and the Arab world,          neighbouring countries by seeking new
as there can be no democracy without           but for the whole world too.                    and substantial forms of support and
local democracy.                               The interest of nations and internation-        cooperation for development. And
Sustainable development is, of course,         al institutions is focused on the Mediter-      not least, globally active bodies such as
brought about by citizens’ consent to          ranean, since they believe it may origi-        the World Bank, and UN agencies
participatory decision-making and ur-          nate and work out a strong and effective        such as UNESCO, UN-Habitat, and
ban/territorial planning policies, within      process of cooperation, in which Euro-          UNDP are now also convinced of the
which local governments must also act as       pean and Arab regions and cities from           need to encourage and promote coop-
a bridge with their national governments       opposite shores and continents must play        eration among local authorities in the
and the international institutions.            a conscious and decisive role.                  region.
The Euro-Arab Cities Forum has been            It is pointless to seek to hide the fact that   This wide platform of inputs and contri-
organised in Dubai in order to examine         the current models of development still         butions must be enhanced and focus on
and discuss such themes and processes,         present imbalances and contradictions           actions which are concerted at city and
and to learn from each other of the            which make this process of cooperation          regional level. With this backdrop, the
challenges and issues which each of us         difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to        Associations must, for their part, com-
faces, some of which are common to all         give a strong impetus to dialogue as well       mit themselves to being the driving
of us, others which are specific in their      as to mutual acquaintance and under-            force for a process of local development
impact.                                        standing to address our objectives of           which is in line with the real needs of
This Forum is the latest in a series of        common interest.                                our peoples.
events to bring the cities of Europe and of
the Arab world together – in particular:       ASSOCIATIONS                                    SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
• the agreement of friendship and co-          AND PARTNERSHIPS                                Faced with far-reaching changes in so-
operation signed at Valencia in 1984           The European and Arab cities and re-            cio-economic conditions and living
• the First Euro-Arab Towns Confer-            gions are represented in many wide-             standards, for the most part induced

COPPEMNEWS                                        2
both by relentless concentrations of hu-      THE COOPERATION BETWEEN                             sary to create a climate of mutual trust,
man settlements, and by the rapid in-         EURO-ARAB CITIES AND RE-                            as well as to share criteria for and mod-
troduction of new technologies and            GIONS                                               els of successful development. Cities
new productive and industrial process-        The basis for a positive dialogue is a mu-          and regions have the interest and the
es, we have progressively realised that       tual respect for the political-institution-         task to work together to implement
development can not evolve and take           al specificities of, and differences be-            these objectives.
place without limits, and that resources      tween, the European and Arab cities –
must not be recklessly depleted or ex-        this must be both a precondition and an             THE FORUM
hausted.                                      incentive for our strategies and opera-             The Euro-Arab Cities Forum, being
If implementation of the current mod-         tional plans for cooperation. These                 held in Dubai on 10-11 February 2008,
els of development proceeds along cur-        must take into account respectively the             of course seems to pose a difficult chal-
rent lines, the effects on the communi-       different systems of decentralisation,              lenge, yet there are strong grounds to
ty will deeply modify the existing bal-       the diverse regulations at national and             believe that real progress can be made,
ances so much that in the long-term,          local level, the territorial socio-eco-             in the conviction that benefits both for
the benefits of development itself could      nomic characteristics, and the condi-               European and Arab cities can arise only
be destroyed, and its basic assumptions       tions and needs of local people.                    from an open and constructive dialogue.
and preconditions invalidated.                Political stability and a peaceful inter-           The participants in the Forum come to-
The idea of sustainable development,          national and inter-regional “climate”               gether to have a debate on the complex
defined as “the development that can          are preconditions which must be pur-                issues mentioned above, whose evalua-
help to satisfy present generation’s          sued with determination.                            tion and explanation could give impe-
needs but without endangering future          The possible guiding axes of coopera-               tus to finding synergies and agreements
generations’ needs”, was adopted by the       tion are the north-south, south-north,              on programmes aiming at achieving, in
international community on the occa-          south-south and north–north ones,                   a climate of trust and cooperation, this
sion of the Rio de Janeiro Conference         through which the contribution and the              sustainable development that nowadays
in 1992, and then reviewed during the         participation of European and Arab                  seems to be the only feasible policy to
Johannesburg World Summit in 2002.            cities can complement and support each              build and preserve citizens’ communi-
From these discussions, a process of          other.                                              ties for today and for the future.
analysis and research has started, with a     The themes of cooperation may con-                  The participation of international or-
view to achieving the objective of            cern numerous fields, such as environ-              ganizations, associations of cities and re-
strengthening all the tools for a multi-      ment, the phenomena of migration, fi-               gions, the European Commission, the
lateral and multidimensional concerta-        nancial instruments, territorial plan-              Council of Europe, the Arab League,
tion for a new order at cultural and so-      ning, infrastructure, transport and mo-             leading figures from the academic and
cial level.                                   bility, education, communication, sci-              entrepreneurial world, could give May-
It is evident that the sustainable devel-     entific and technological research, wa-             ors and Governors from so many of the
opment must be achieved through a             ter resources and supply, health,                   most important cities of the Euro-Arab
complex collaboration and interaction         tourism, cultural heritage, employment              area the opportunity to work out new
between governments, institutions, and        and so forth.                                       and closer forms of continuing dialogue.
local authorities and local civil society.    Forms of cooperation may be developed               Finally, the Euro-Arab Cities Forum in
Only a closer dialogue between peoples        through the establishment of networks of            2008 intends to strengthen the impulse
as well as countries, can lay the basis for   cities playing the role of “nodal points”           towards a peaceful, “bottom up” process
designing paths and roadmaps to meet          for mutual interchange and learning, and            of prosperity, highlighting the potential
objectives of a process of development        initially by organizing meetings through            of and prospects for cooperation, influ-
which preserves resources, and delimits       which city-to city relations can first be           encing governmental, intergovernmen-
restrictions that everyone is called on to    initiated, leading on to real collabora-            tal and global decision-making process-
adhere to, for the common interest.           tion, covering both the political and leg-          es, respecting peaceful coexistence, and
From this vision, the basic role that         islative fields, as well as practical support       searching for new forms of partnership
cities and regions are called upon to         to sustainable development.                         for promoting an effective sustainable
play is rapidly evolving.                     To achieve such objectives it is neces-             development.

                                                                                              3                                JANUARY 2008


The XII Coppem, General Assembly,            tives seem compromised at present and         religions and cultures which can also be
which was held with the approach of the      more should be done by relying on the         facilitated by Turkey’s accession to the
Forum of the Euro-Arab Towns sched-          great cooperation capacities of local         European Union. The European political
uled in Dubai by the next 10 and 11 Feb-     powers. This opinion was also shared by       approach seems to generate mistrust to-
ruary 2008, was the occasion for a press-    Mr. Fabio Pellegrini, Founder President       wards Europe among Muslim popula-
ing debate about some of the most im-        of Coppem, and supporter of the cre-          tions, as a consequence of this, the prob-
portant issues of the Mediterranean re-      ation of a hinge between Africa and Eu-       lems of the region tend to become in-
gion such as: peace in the Middle East,      rope, which could avoid the risk of iso-      creasingly worse, instead of enlarging co-
security, development and emigration.        lating the Mediterranean Region, a risk       operation between the two areas. The
The cultural and political debate on         that is implicitly contained in Mr.           GA has once again stressed the impor-
these issues was nourished by the decla-     Sarkozy’s proposal. The need for Europe       tance of the role of local authorities,
rations and the proposals made by the        to take a proactive role for peace and de-    which must act as a constant reference
President of the French Republic, Niko-      velopment, thereby eliminating the un-        point, in order to put into practice an ef-
las Sarkozy, on one side and by the Ger-     balance caused by the EU enlargement          ficient and concrete cooperation policy
man Prime Minister, Angela Merkel, on        towards the Eastern Countries, has also       and has made clear again that – only by
the other. Such political indications and    been stressed. Closer cooperation be-         means of local autonomies – subsidiarity
proposal have been carefully and critical-   tween the authorities of target countries     policy can be fully implemented.
ly evaluated by the Members of the GA,       and the authorities of those countries        Ms. Janine Haddad, neo-president of the
who appreciated their positive aspects       where migration flows originate, is also      V Commission “Equal Opportunities”,
and highlighted their limits as well. As     of paramount importance.                      insisted on the importance of local pow-
for the French proposal to create a          In the scope of migration policies, Mr.       ers in a perspective of growth of the
Mediterranean Union, during the XII          Nourredine Sbia, affirmed that the phe-       Mediterranean region. In this frame-
GA, the Governor of Qalyubyia and            nomenon of migration can only be              work, subsidiarity policy, plays a funda-
Vice President of Coppem, Mr. Adly           solved by means of an efficient and con-      mental role. Also Mr. Ian Micallef, Pres-
Hussein, invited the Secretary to organ-     crete development policy. In this per-        ident of the chamber of Local Authori-
ise and ad hoc meeting to define a com-      spective Coppem can leverage on Eu-           ties of the Council of EU, mentioned
mon position. In fact, many support the      rope to intervene with effective measures     this point in his global evaluation of the
idea that a Euro-Mediterranean body          aiming at the economic and civil growth       role of local authorities. Mr. Micallef has
may be considered as a ploy to exclude       of these countries. What has already          analysed the phenomenon of migration
Turkey from the European and Mediter-        happened in Europe – with the enlarge-        and highlighted that this implies further
ranean policy.                               ment towards the countries of East Eu-        impoverishment of the countries con-
The disappointing conclusions of the         rope – could be effectively replicated for    cerned. Instead, the problem can be
Annapolis conference, the fact that Eu-      the countries of the Mediterranean and        solved by means of localised actions
ropean States are subject to the US poli-    those of the Maghreb region. As far as        specifically aiming at the following
cies as far as Middle East issues are con-   the issue of Turkey’s accession to the EU     fields: training, accommodation, assis-
cerned, the strong presence of a Chinese     is concerned, Mr. Muzaffer Baca,              tance, infrastructures and industrial dis-
community in the Arab region are, ac-        Coppem Vice President, asserted that          tricts. He also proposed that a more
cording to Mr. Hussein, alarming ele-        European Leaders tend to bring about a        proactive participation of local authori-
ments and signals for the Euro-Mediter-      “double track policy”. Besides consider-      ties to EU policies can take place
ranean Partnership, considering that Eu-     ing Mr. Sarkozy’s proposal as a hindrance     through the Euro-Mediterranean Assem-
rope seems more concerned about issues       for Turkey’s accession, Mr. Baca also crit-   bly for local and regional authorities.
related to security than about develop-      icized Ms. Angela Merkel for her propos-      The will and the commitment of local
ment issues. On this point, the Gover-       al to attribute only a “special status” to    powers to face the complex challenge of
nor, insisted on the need to invest in de-   Turkey. By recalling the words of the         the development of the Mediterranean
velopment strategies to limit migration      Turkish Prime Minister, Mr. Erdogan,          region and of the near East shall be test-
and the impending threat of terror. For      Mr. Baca affirms it is extremely impor-       ed in the Forum of the Euro-Arab Towns
this reason he invited Coppem to foster      tant for EU countries not to miss the op-     of Dubai, following the Euro-Arab
dialogue further on; such dialogue initia-   portunity of an open dialogue between         Towns Conferences which were held in

COPPEMNEWS                                      4
                                                                                                            XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY


The relations between Arab world and             opment of the human settlements;                  Strengthen the support, communal ac-
Euro-Mediterranean Region extent fur-            learning from their foundational texts,           tion and the cooperation with cities, lo-
ther on through a Memorandum of Un-              policies and action plans,                        cal authorities and civil society non-
derstanding signed by ATO, Arab Town             Both parties agreed:                              trading company, urban, environmental
Organisation and Coppem in Marrakech                                                               domain in its social and economic di-
few months ago. The act refers to sever-         Chapter 1. The ATO, based in Kuwait               mensions;
al forms of cooperation, consultation and        represented by His Excellency Mr. Ab-             Organise training and improvement ses-
exchange of experiences aimed at pursu-          dul Aziz Y. Al-Adsani, the Secretary              sions in connection with the areas of in-
ing the sustainable development, pro-            General                                           terest and the common programs;
tecting the environment and improving            The Coppem, based in Italy represented            Improve the mechanisms of scientific
city management. Hereinafter is the text         by Mr. Carmelo Motta the Secretary                and technical research; support the de-
of the Memorandum of Understanding:              General.                                          velopment of database and information
                                                 Chapter 2. The two parties made a com-            System through the use of communica-
The ATO is a non-governmental organ-             mitment to consult with each other on             tion and information technologies;
ization having no political or religiuos         questions of public interests, to coordi-         Gather experts' committees, scientific,
actions, based in Kuwait, created on             nate their actions and to inquire mutu-           regional and international, the expenses
March 15, 1967. Coppem, Standing                 ally about their respective programs.             of organization being chargeable to the
Committee for Euro-Mediterranean                 Chapter 3. Both parties made a commit-            party that will host the demonstration.
Partnership of Local and Regional Au-            ment to:                                          To the end Coppem relies on the action
thorities is a no profit association based       Facilitate the cooperation and the ex-            ASEM – Euro-Mediterranean Develop-
in Palermo, Italy from 2000.                     change of experiences about the projects          ment Agency and ATO relies on the ac-
Aware of the importance of the coop-             and the common programs both at the               tivity of its agencies;
eration between cities and of the coor-          level of their preparation and their adap-        Chapter 4. Both parties will exchange
dination in the realization of their             tation until the execution and follow up;         information, publications, statistics and
common objectives in sustainable de-             Take initiatives in activities and imple-         programming regularly based on unani-
velopment, environment and urban                 ment them;                                        mous agreement.
management,                                      Coordinate all the efforts to strengthen          Both parties made a commitment, with-
Considering their mutual interests and           the frame of cooperation with all their           in the limits of the means, to facilitate
their will to implement cooperation and          partners, their programs of development           the distribution of the studies and the
coordination to strengthen the devel-            and their sources of financing;                   common researches.
                                                                                                   Chapter 5. Both parties make a commit-
                                                                                                   ment to implement everything to facili-
                                                                                                   tate the coordination and the coopera-
segue da pag. 4                                                                                    tion between them, notably by the ex-
                                                                                                   change of visits, meetings and talks at all
Marrakech and Valencia after the political and economic conditions of the area have                level.
changed. The Forum, organised by Coppem together with the Municipality of Dubai, the               Chapter 6. The present protocol can be
Congress of the Council of Europe, the ATO, the Council of the European Municipali-                modified or revised by unanimous agree-
ties and Regions and the Arab Institute for Urban Development, has a new approach and              ment and it comes into effect from its
a more comprehensive vision of cooperation and sustainable development. The aim is to              signature upon its signature, for a dura-
start up a process of prosperity with a bottom up approach, to foster partnership and to           tion of duration of 24 months and it is
make local authorities fully express their potentiality and to be able for them to influence       renewable.
governmental decisions.                                                                            Each of the two parties can cancel it by
The General Assembly has also carried out some duties such as: approval of the budget              written note, six months at least before
estimate, confirmation of the auditor, and the structure of the Commissions through                its expiration.
which Coppem activities are carried out. Special value must be attributed to the election          The present protocol does not apply to
of Mr. Ghassan Samman as Vice President of Coppem. Mr. Samman is the responsible for               the organizations, the centres and the In-
international relationships and communication of the Arab Town Organization.                       stitutions covered by one of the parties.

                                                                                               5                                JANUARY 2008


                                                                                            legally valid in all the signatory coun-
                                                                                            tries of the Barcelona Treaty.

                                                                                            Virtual hospital

                                                                                            During the XII Coppem General As-
                                                                                            sembly, the Managing Director of
                                                                                            Telespazio, Mr. Paolo Binelli has pre-
                                                                                            sented an interesting initiative in the
                                                                                            health sector: the creation of a telemat-
                                                                                            ic network among Italian hospitals.
                                                                                            With very limited costs, such network
                                                                                            could be extended to other hospitals of
                                                                                            the countries of the southern shore of
                                                                                            the Mediterranean. The result will be a
                                                                                            valid support for doctors for the diagno-
                                                                                            sis of the various pathologies. Moreover,
                                                                                            thanks to the telematic network, spe-
                                                                                            cialised clinics could indicate the best
                                                                                            therapies for the patients of other hos-
 Francesco Sammaritano
                                                                                            pitals of the network, thereby avoiding
                                                                                            transport and hospitalisation in other
                                                                                            healthcare centres.
 The First Coppem Commission “Poli-           evaluation and if such initial evaluation
 tics and Institutional Affairs” has devel-   is positive, the final analytical project     Training stages at Coppem
 oped some important initiatives focus-       shall be drawn up.
 ing on the Euro-Mediterranean policy;        Such initiative shall be jointly carried      Coppem is constantly working to pro-
 in particular, the instruments for the       out by ISMETT and ANFE and will               mote Euro-Mediterranean policies and
 implementation of four main objectives       have a double approach: a scientific one      partnerships to new generations. In this
 which have long been selected and con-       and an ethical and institutional ap-          perspective, the Committee signed a
 sidered as priorities have been defined:     proach. In fact, besides ensuring the ex-     number of Memorandum of Agree-
 • Foundation of a Euro-Mediterranean         change of knowledge, experience and           ments with several universities accord-
 Medical Training School;                     know-how among Euro-Mediterranean             ing to which students coming from the
 • Establishment of a University of the       doctors and paramedical staff, the proj-      Euro-Mediterranean region have been
 Mediterranean                                ect shall encourage dialogue among the        making working experiences at
 • Foundation of a Virtual Hospital           representatives of the scientific sector of   Coppem offices and premises. It is sig-
 • Organisation of training Stages at         the region.                                   nificant that, six of these students had
 Coppem                                                                                     graduated with a degree thesis on
                                              University of the Mediterranean               Coppem activities in the framework of
 Euro Mediterranean Medical Training                                                        Euro-Mediterranean policy.
 School                                       The cornerstone of the initiative has al-     Finally, it is worth underlining that
                                              ready been selected: the establishment        Coppem representative offices in the
 The Secretary, officially presented the      of university courses on some specific        Euro-Mediterranean countries have,
 project for the establishment of a per-      disciplines concerning the Euro-              among their targets, the fostering of di-
 manent Euro-Mediterranean training           Mediterranean area.                           alogue among new generations as well
 Centre for Medicine to the WHO. The          The courses shall be open to all the stu-     as the exchange of experiences and mu-
 Centre shall be located in Palermo. By       dents of the countries bordering the          tual knowledge among the same.
 February 2008, the WHO shall give its        Mediterranean and the degree shall be

 COPPEMNEWS                                      6
                                                                                                        XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY


The proceedings of the Second Commis-         issues have been involved in the work            host an International meeting about Mi-
sion concerning the migration-related is-     that Coppem has started concerning mi-           gration, co-development and cross-cultur-
sues were preceded by an informal meet-       grations flows in the Mediterranean, a           al dialogue aimed at enhancing an insti-
ing between the representatives of local      subject the Second Commission is man-            tutional and long-lasting cooperation be-
authorities just arrived in Palermo to take   aging with an holistic approach, bearing         tween Northern and Southern countries
part in the XII General Assembly of           in mind all the different viewpoints: the        of the Mediterranean. In relation to that,
Coppem. That meeting gave the oppor-          European, the Maghreb and the Middle-            the participation of the Deputy-Mayor of
tunity for a lively exchange of opinions      Eastern one. Following the speech of the         Tangier Mohamed Kharchich in the
between local authorities of the two          new chairman of the Second Commission            works of the Second Commission has
shores of the Mediterranean to take place,    Ian Micallef, who addressed the approach         been highly valuable.
and also to plan on the main goals to be      the European Union has towards immi-             The addresses of two guests have also con-
pursued within the Commission. During         gration, I emphasised the key items of the       tributed in enriching the proceedings of
the General Assembly the commitment           Third Report on Migration and Integra-           the Commission. In particular, Mr. Lima
of the Second Commission was stressed         tion of the European Commission that             has presented a Regional project cus-
again for it to enhance its networking ac-    underlines how immigrants constitute a           tomised for foreign unaccompanied mi-
tivity with International Organizations,      crucial factor of demographic growth             nors entering our country on behalf of the
Institutions and NGOs dealing with the        within the European Union.                       Sicilian Regional Ministry for Family, So-
migration problem. However the Secre-         The report also outlines a common pro-           cial Policies and Local Authorities. He
tary General of Coppem has already been       gramme for integrating all Third Coun-           has moreover confirmed the commitment
working on that since last June.              tries citizens living within the EU. The         of the above mentioned Ministry to sup-
The members have been reported about          Ministerial Conclusions of the first Euro-       porting the project of the documentary
how Mr. Shatzer, the Director of the          Mediterranean Meeting on Migration,              ‘The various faces of emigration’ outlined
Rome Office of the International Organi-      which were sent to the Secretary of the          by the Second Commission. Then Ms.
zation for Migration (IOM) in charge of       Second Commission by the Portuguese              Frazzicca, the Director of the Centre for
the Mediterranean Area, is willing to val-    presidency of the EU, also underscore the        Training and Research in Public Health,
uate possible co-operation tracks, and to     contribution migrants give to economic           illustrated some projects concerning im-
this end a meeting is to be organised with    and social development and commit to             migration and education in the Mediter-
the Secretary General and the Members         undertake some concrete measures. The            ranean area. The members of Coppem
of the Commission. Philippe Sanmarco          Second Commission of Coppem will take            then animated the discussion about mi-
mentioned a co-operation framework            part in the important event on migrations        gration with their speeches, before the
agreement between IOM and the City of         to be held in Morocco, organised by the          works of the Second Commission were
Marseille, which is to be taken as a con-     Council of Europe in co-operation with           concluded by reaffirming the Commis-
crete example of interaction between the      the French Association Espace Alternatif.        sion’s interest in such a cross-subject that
International Organization and the Local      From next April 23 to 26, Tangier will           involves all the delegations.
Authorities. As for refugees and asylum
seekers, Erfan Ali (Damascus), Isam Akel
(Association of Palestinian Local Author-
ities) and Jalal Abs (Tripoli) underlined
how those are topical issues right now in
the Middle East. In relation to those
themes, contacts have been started with
the Italian Council for Refugees (which is
a member of the European Council on
Refugees and Exiles, and of the Euro-
Mediterranean Human Rights Network)
and with the United Nations High Com-
missioner for Refugees. The Italian min-
istries dealing with the migration-related

                                                                                           7                                JANUARY 2008


When dealing with migration phenome-
na it is important to be aware of the fact
that none of us has chosen where we are
born, none of us has chosen his or her
race, nor the colour of our skin nor our
religion and even less the country where
we live. Millions of people on our planet
are not as lucky as we all are here: we
have the chance to access all kinds of
conveniences, we are able to eat until we
are satisfied and we can even allow our-
selves the luxury of throwing the rest of
our meals away…we have the luxury and
the time to talk about the issues linked to
immigration with the aim of combating
the flows of migration and looking for an
‘impossible’ solution to the problems
stemming from it. We are neither the first    might say hypocritical) when it comes to      themselves fabricated them starting from
nor the last ones who discuss the prob-       discussing and demanding the free circu-      images of the so-called ‘developed’ coun-
lems linked to migration, however I be-       lation of people. We are all aware that it    tries disseminated by the means of mass
lieve it is important that we do not reit-    has become increasingly difficult for the     communication. Could we help them to
erate what other people have already said     citizens of Third World countries to ob-      understand that it is only a mirage, while
and that we do not repeat what others         tain a visa to enter the so-called ‘devel-    reality is much harsher and in the end
have already done in relation to migra-       oped’ countries (even for leaders and rep-    their living conditions would not be
tion. We often tend to forget that Cana-      resentatives of local authorities who are     much better than in their countries of
da, the United States, Latin America and      invited to congresses or conferences).        origin? If we consider the principle that
Australia…are the ‘products’ of immigra-      More and more barriers are put up and se-     ‘human nature desires whatever is forbid-
tion. I come from Lebanon, a country          vere restrictions are imposed. At the         den and inaccessible and if we respect
which experienced the first waves of em-      same time we can not forget that immi-        ourselves and our convictions about Hu-
igration with the Phoenicians more than       grants are groups of individuals reacting     man Rights, then we must, without
7,000 years ago, a country with a popula-     against poverty, underdevelopment and         falling into Utopia, demand the Free Cir-
tion of only 3.5 million residents while      the living conditions in their countries of   culation of People. We must also work to-
more than 16 million Lebanese emigrat-        origin. Why don’t we try to understand        wards the opening of the borders (the
ed to and scattered throughout Europe,        them and ask ourselves: Why is this per-      Berlin Wall is the most significant exam-
America, Canada, Australia and Africa         son, this human being ready to leave be-      ple in that respect) and the abolition of
where they are well integrated. Conse-        hind everything -family, home country-        travelling restrictions which have be-
quently my view and approach to the mi-       and venture out into the unknown, on a        come intolerable, if not insulting to hu-
gration phenomenon can only be differ-        precarious boat (paying a high price for      man dignity, in the name of the fight
ent than that of other people. Thanks to      the trip: 5-10 times more than an air-        against Terrorism: Whoever travels is a
the development of the means of trans-        plane ticket)? To risk his/her own life in    suspected terrorist! Countries of the free
portation and communication, we are ac-       pursuit of a job (a way of living) and of     world, in particular the United States or
tually living in an age when we can say       better living conditions? To pursue an il-    Europe, are panicking more and more
that the world is a Global Village, where     lusion, a lost dream. Why aren’t the citi-    and investing an enormous amount of
we want to set up free-trade areas and en-    zens of the so-called ‘under-developed’       money to protect themselves against
sure a free circulation of goods and infor-   countries given the possibility or the op-    flows of migration. That money would
mation while boosting the dialogue            portunity to ‘absorb’ the shock and un-       produce more helpful and effective out-
among cultures. Yet, at the same time,        derstand by themselves that those ideals      comes if spent on local development
everybody is more cautious and evasive (I     and dreams do not exist, while they           projects in their countries of origin.

COPPEMNEWS                                       8
                                                                                                    XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY


                                                                                           constructive and promising debate on
                                                                                           issues of fundamental importance.
                                                                                           Of course, migration is a worldwide
                                                                                           problem which has characterised the
                                                                                           life of any individual for centuries,
                                                                                           notwithstanding historical periods or
                                                                                           geographical areas. Social, political and
                                                                                           scientific institutions have therefore
                                                                                           tackled the issue with the aim to devel-
                                                                                           op a rational approach able to gradually
                                                                                           find solutions to very complex and deli-
                                                                                           cate problems.
                                                                                           No doubt that the problem of migration
                                                                                           requires a global approach avoiding
                                                                                           measures which could privilege the
                                                                                           maintenance of law and order or dog-
                                                                                           matic solutions. In other words, it is dif-
                                                                                           ficult to find out final “magic” solutions
                                                                                           to such a complex problem; however,
                                                                                           initially, well considered initiatives
Mohamed Kharchich
                                                                                           must be defined to mitigate the pain of
                                                                                           the involved populations. Therefore,
                                                                                           the partnership between the north and
Given its geographical and strategic lo-    volved powers, in particular France and        the south must be strengthened and it
cation, the city of Tangier – which has     England.                                       must be based on cooperation policies
been characterized by openness, toler-      All these examples clearly show that           on three different levels: the State, local
ance and intercultural dialogue for cen-    Tangier has been experiencing effective        authorities and the civil authorities of
turies – is the meeting point par excel-    peaceful cohabitation of different com-        both shores.
lence between Africa and Europe: a          munities for a long time and that inter-       Finally, we rely on your participation in
place of transit linking the West and       cultural dialogue has always been one of       the event of Tangier next April, to ex-
the East.                                   its main characteristics.                      pand the debate and reflect on the
In this connection it is worth underly-     That is the reason why I am proud to           working out of an action plan able to
ing that the city of Tangier continues to   confirm that the city I represent will         fulfil the needs of our citizens.
fascinate its visitors, above all those     have the privilege to play host to the
more cultivated and educated: diplo-        “Euro-Mediterranean Meetings” on
mats, writers and artists. Myth, prestige   some of the most important current is-
and fascination have made Tangier a fa-     sues such as: immigration, co-develop-
mous place and source of exceptional        ment and intercultural dialogue. These
inspiration.                                issues will be debated by prominent rep-
At the beginning of the XIX century,        resentatives of important institutions.
Tangier became de facto the capital of      Over the last decade, moreover, Tangier
Morocco. Consular delegations from all      has experienced an unprecedented so-
foreign powers were received in Tangi-      cial and economic development that
er; during the 20’s Tangier played a key    led to the implementation of several
role at the international level with the    projects which gave rise to profound
signing of the so-called “Special           and rapid changes.
Statute” in 1923, after a long process of   Therefore we welcome and support such
diplomatic negotiations among the in-       an initiative leading to a stimulating,

                                                                                       9                                JANUARY 2008


                                                                                         26th, 2007, in Palermo. Mustafa Aydin
                                                                                         reported the Assembly about the semi-
                                                                                         nar on “Urban Geography and the
                                                                                         Multi-ethnic City in Europe and the
                                                                                         Mediterranean Area”, which took
                                                                                         place at Aydin University of Istanbul in
                                                                                         the framework of the Interreg IIIc proj-
                                                                                         ect, City to City, about migratory poli-
                                                                                         cies. The seminar was an excellent op-
                                                                                         portunity for exchanging opinions
                                                                                         among the institutional partners in the
                                                                                         project, such as the president of Cal-
                                                                                         abria Region, MP Agazio Loiero, the
                                                                                         Councillor for Social Activities of the
                                                                                         Municipality of Palermo, MP Gi-
                                                                                         ampiero Cannella, the co-ordinators of
                                                                                         the Interreg IIIc project and the re-
                                                                                         sponsible people partners of the pilot
                                                                                         project Re.La.Te. (Territorial Regional
                                                                                         Laboratories), and Coppem is one of
                                                                                         them. Benedetto Mineo, Chief Execu-
                                                                                         tive Officer of Asem, reported about
                                                                                         the Agency’s activities, in particular
In the framework of the XII General          obstacles to a sustainable urban mobili-    about those Coppem and ASEM organ-
Assembly of Coppem, the members of           ty and to identify the ways to overcome     ised together in Catania, such as a se-
the Third Commission, dealing with           them. The EU paper also illustrates the     ries of meeting between delegations of
‘economic and financial co-operation’,       European agenda for urban mobility, re-     Egyptian entrepreneurs and local ones
met in an atmosphere of effective co-        specting the competences of local, re-      with the purpose of continuing the
operation and lively interest for the        gional and national authorities in the      policies of know-how and best practice
participants.                                field though, and it puts great emphasis    exchange and even more to start pro-
The proceedings were chaired by Paolo        on how research can contribute to           ductive trade relations and exchanges
Carrara, as reporting member of the          meeting the European goals on the sub-      among the companies active in the ter-
Secretariat, by Mustafa Aydin, the Rec-      ject of transport. It was drawn after ex-   ritory of Qualibya and the most ad-
tor of Aydin University of Istanbul, and     tensive consultations were carried out      vanced industrial areas, in particular
by Benedetto Mineo, Chief Executive          with the stakeholders and it lists the      those around Catania and Palermo.
Officer of Asem. In his opening address,     five main challenges that urban trans-      Furthermore, a meeting with the title
the reporting member of Third Com-           port systems have to address, such as       “Craftwork for local development and
mission informed the Assembly about          traffic congestions, environmental          cooperation among the Mediterranean
the activities the Commission had been       problems, facilities, accessibility and     countries” took place on June 9th, 2006,
carrying out. Moreover, he showed the        safety.                                     in Palermo at Fiera del Mediterraneo.
documents concerning the transport fa-       The Green Book on urban mobility is         The meeting was organised by Coppem
cilities in the Euro-Mediterranean area      meant to be the natural continuation        and the Managing Body of Fiera del
that were submitted to the Assembly,         of the previous White Paper on sustain-     Mediterraneo and it was attended by po-
and he also illustrated the paper drawn      able mobility and maritime transport        litical and economic authorities from
by the European Commission on Sep-           policies that was written by the Euro-      Euro-Mediterranean countries and also
tember 25th: The Green Book on urban         pean Commission and submitted to the        by experts on the subject of cooperation
mobility. It proved helpful for the Third    members of Coppem during the previ-         and local craft production in the Euro-
Commission to examine what are the           ous General Assembly held on May            Mediterranean area.

COPPEMNEWS                                      10
                                                                                                      XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY


The Mediterranean area is                                                                                 time have a lot of needs to
finally starting to become                                                                                satisfy but do not have the
attractive for investments                                                                                know how to reach the fi-
and we hope that after the                                                                                nancing market, especially
peace deal between Israel                                                                                 in a period when every-
and Palestinians, the great                                                                               thing but capital assets is
obstacle to the final eco-                                                                                lacking worldwide. Well,
nomical take-off of many                                                                                  we intend to act as an in-
important countries will be                                                                               termediary among the
removed and that this area                                                                                every now and then pri-
may become a centre for                                                                                   mary needs of small and
economic and social devel-                                                                                medium communities and
opment.                                                                                                   the world of finance with
As a matter of fact, Asem                                                                                 its requirements, necessary
was founded in order to                                                                                   time and technicalities.
achieve business develop-                                                                                 It is a very delicate field
ment in this area and it has                                                                              with many repercussions,
been a while since it began                                                                               but we believe we are able
operating in this direction.                                                                              to face both the technical-
So, for example, over the                                                                                 financial time require-
                                           Benedetto Mineo
past years, we have been                                                                                  ments as well as the local
able to obtain some little                                                                                and environmental ones.
but promising results, such                                                                               However, as I already said
as the following:                             tentially the object of investment by           on a previous occasion, Asem’s major
• to establish a trade mission from           investment Funds;                               capital is the system of partnerships
Egypt to Sicily, which has led to the         • organising and accomplishing trade            Coppem has developed over the past
acquisition of a Sicilian paper-mill by       missions;                                       years. This will be the one we will be
Egyptian operators and the creation of        • promoting and participating in                aiming at for the devel-opment of our
an oil-mill by Sicilian operators;            Consortia;                                      business and become, later on, the
• to establish a commercial mission to        • implementing a suitable branch                business of those companies intending
Rabat, Morocco;                               dealing with Project Financing;                 to make use of our services and of our
• to contribute to define an agree-           • promoting and setting up business             system. In this regard, I want to point
ment concerning the supply of fishing         networks;                                       out the fact that, generally, it takes
equipment to Tunisia.                         • creating a website with interactive           from three to five years for an entre-
Taking a look at the future, we will be       contents so that it can be an effective         preneur to penetrate into any kind of
engaged in different sectors in 2008. I       operational tool for companies.                 foreign market. Asem will allow the
will list them very briefly in order not      Among the various services we will be           companies which will take advantage
to annoy you too much, although I am          offering, these will include reports            of its services to reduce start-up times
willing to give further details both in       concerning “Country Profile”, a range           significantly. Asem is at your disposal
a private or public way.                      of public and private “Business Op-             for all of this and I ask you all to sug-
To be more specific, we intend to op-         portunities”, “Bids and Funding” as             gest, to propose, to cooperate in order
erate as follows:                             well as “Contracts for tenders” to be           to work out projects, events and net-
• planning activities based on nation-        called for by one of the different Euro-        works. I realise that there is a lot to be
al or international funds, either as          Mediterranean countries each time.              done, but I count on your support and
lead partner or other partner;                Among all of them, I would like to              on the Board’s help, President Omar
• promoting commercial or industrial          underline the importance of Project             El Barhaoui, Vice President Ramòn
agreements through our links;                 financing for the development of lo-            Polo, members Mr. Motta and Mr.
• selecting companies which are po-           cal communities which most of the               Adly Hussein.

                                                                                         11                               JANUARY 2008


                                                                                        referred to as “new museology” in the
                                                                                        70’, the Ecomemaq project aimed
                                                                                        mainly at enhancing some territories
                                                                                        by means of an integrated manage-
                                                                                        ment shared by their communities.
                                                                                        Several Italian, Libyan and Greek
                                                                                        partners participated in the project
                                                                                        whilst Coppem was the lead partner.
                                                                                        The 18-month project resulted in var-
                                                                                        ious pieces of research on Mediter-
                                                                                        ranean maquis and the socio-econom-
                                                                                        ic aspects of its products. Research al-
                                                                                        so focused on the use of produces from
                                                                                        the Mediterranean maquis in cooking,
                                                                                        pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. More-
                                                                                        over, cultural events and pilot proj-
                                                                                        ects were organised to raise consensus
                                                                                        on the ecomuseum movement at local
                                                                                        level. Activities were carried out
                                                                                        thanks to a full schedule of meetings
Roberto Albergoni and Natale Giordano
                                                                                        between partners held from time to
                                                                                        time in Palermo, Rome and Bari,
                                                                                        Italy, in Iraklion, Crete, and Chania,
The links between cultural coopera-          ment of tourist flows. The integrated      Greece. The project ended in Decem-
tion, in its broadest sense, and sustain-    approach has not only been supported       ber 2007 with an International Con-
able development policies, dialogue          by the institutional and political de-     ference attended by international ex-
between peoples, training of human           bate within Coppem’s 4th Commission        perts, socio-economic actors and rep-
capital and, eventually, acknowledge-        but also by international strategic        resentatives of local authorities from
ment and mutual understanding of             guidelines and EU policies. All these      about 10 Euro-Mediterranean coun-
identities are commonly perceived as         proved that tangible and intangible        tries. The conference paved the way
unavoidable by the whole internation-        cultural heritage may represent a          for a team of experts to submit a Final
al community. The outcomes of analy-         source of revenue and a strategic socio-   Document to regional decision-mak-
ses, meetings and activities carried out     cultural framework for the develop-        ers. The aim is to prompt them to is-
by Coppem’s 4th Commission between           ment of local economies as long as ac-     sue a law on the ecomuseum approach
2001 and 2005 strengthened the in-           tors operating on a given area manage      to dynamics of shared development
spiring idea that development dynam-         such resources in an integrated way:       and to the promotion of a given area
ics, without any standardisation, must       Cultural Heritage, cultural identity,      and its community, recognising her-
be developed through an integrated           natural environment and typical prod-      itage as a “strong point” for its devel-
approach. Moreover, cultural resources       ucts should be included in networks or     opment. A booklet is due for publica-
are to be given a strategic centrality,      systems of tourist offer. The principle    tion. It will describe the project activ-
serving thus as a catalyst for the devel-    inspired the 4th Commission’s views,       ities and outline the ecomuseum
opment of high-quality cultural              which were further developed into          movement across the Euro-Mediter-
tourism and cultural industry as a           projects in the second half of 2005:       ranean area. The project website, cur-
whole. Hence, they should be able to                                                    rently available only in English, in-
strengthen processes of cultural identi-     Ecomuseum district network of the          cludes GIS data concerning the
ty across territories, promote local so-     Mediterranean Maquis – Interreg III        Mediterranean maquis across the ar-
cio-economic development and foster          B Archimed                                 eas involved in the pilot activities:
sustainable, deseasonalised develop-         Following the principles of what was

COPPEMNEWS                                      12
                                                                                                      XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY

                                                                               ROSEMARY-FLAVOURED CROSS-CULTUR-
                                                                               ALITY FOR THE ECOMEMAQ PROJECT

                                                                               A multi-sensory event –under ECOMEMAQ umbrel-
                                                                               la- took place in co-operation with Ce.S.I.E on De-
                                                                               cember 6th, 2007 in Palermo. The mouth-filling ex-
                                                                               hilaration stirred by the taste of Mediterranean prod-
                                                                               ucts while the ears are stimulated with traditional
                                                                               music and the eyes are captured by the photographs
                                                                               exhibited, and juggling shows all around...All senses
                                                                               involved to thoroughly enjoy the Mediterranean iden-
                                                                               tity that goes beyond the narrow national borders.
                                                                               The event had a strong impact on the local popula-
                                                                               tion, both natives and immigrants as they are the re-
                                                                               al actors for the daily promotion of the maquis. More
                                                                               than three hundred people crowded the little square
                                                                               ‘Ballarò’ where the event took place (i.p.)

Medins: Identity is future – Mediter-      the European Regional Development                 Cultural Heritage and Local Develop-
ranean Intangible Space – Interreg         Fund (ERDF) with the MEDA instru-                 ment – European Social Fund
III B Medocc                               ment for Euro-Mediterranean cooper-               The organisations and institutions in-
Ongoing processes of recognising in-       ation. Its outcomes are a common                  volved in the protection, conservation
tangible cultural assets as heritage to    form to inventory Intangible Heritage             and promotion of cultural heritage
identify, protect and promote are sup-     and a website besides conferences and             have developed patterns of experience
ported by the 2003 UNESCO’s “Con-          workshops organised in Palermo, Ra-               to favour active participation of cultur-
vention for the protection of Intangi-     bat, Evora, Bagheria and Malta.                   al heritage in processes of territorial de-
ble Heritage”. This declaration is an      Coppem introduced the project at the              velopment. Such an approach spread
achievement in the acknowledgement         Nador Festival of Intangible Culture.             new values and specificities concerning
of intangible heritage as well as tangi-   Next meetings are to be held in                   cultural heritage, taking into account
ble, environmental, artistic and mon-      Athens, Palermo, Cairo whilst the                 its multiple intangible implications, its
umental heritage. Heritage is meant as     closing conference will be hosted                 social value as factor of identity and in-
factor of “wellbeing”, bearer of diverse   again in Palermo in October 2008.                 clusion. This complex view perceives
and exclusive collective memories and      Coppem is coordinating actions and                cultural heritage as a kind of resource
thus, to be enjoyed by everybody, in       workshops to raise the awareness and              involved in local development process-
need of decision-makers and policies       disseminate information on the proj-              es and, thus, important in socio-eco-
aware of its value and extent. The         ect. It will also edit a booklet on terri-        nomic terms due to the spin-offs its sus-
Medins project was created with this       torial development policies pursued               tainable management may produce on
end in view and involved 21 partners       through socio-economic cooperation.               a given area. Accordingly, the “Cultur-
from more than 10 Mediterranean            The project website, currently in                 al heritage and local development”
countries, out of which 8 are Coppem       French, is overseen by the University             project aimed at setting up a network of
members. For the first time, the 24-       of Granada. It contains an Intranet               links across Sicily, selected as pilot area
month project succeeded in combin-         dedicated to project partners:            in the Mediterranean space from a
ing the EU Cohesion Policy fund and                                 large number of actors. Local authori-

                                                                                        13                                JANUARY 2008

ties, heritage management decision-          the added value of the project. More        within the framework of Euro-Mediter-
makers, socio-economic stakeholders          specifically, these will deal with com-     ranean cultural cooperation. This was
whishing to participate in dynamics of       pleting its database with case studies      the case, for instance, of its participa-
sustainable development have been in-        concerning traditional examples of          tion in the 1-week workshop “Human
volved in integrated processes to en-        Mediterranean architecture, fostering       rights and Intercultural learning” held
courage the promotion of an area by          territories, raising the awareness among    at the Heindrich Kramer Haus in
means of research, training and aware-       communities and setting up a network        Berlin from 2 to 9 September 2007.
ness-raising activities. Officers from 41    of SUN&Wind Euro-Mediterranean              A continuous exchange on shared tar-
local administrations have been includ-      cities for energy saving. The project       gets concerning development and her-
ed in training activities and, among         website,, in Eng-         itage has been ensured as follows: with
these, 9 local administrations have          lish and Italian, contains detailed in-     Herimed, the Agency for the preserva-
been recognised as local cultural con-       formation on Mediterranean bioclimat-       tion of Euro-Mediterranean cultural
tact points. The project website, in         ic architecture.                            heritage, born out of the UCH II proj-
Italian, con-                                                    ect and funded by the MEDA pro-
tains the relevant piece of research due     Balat – European Social Fund                gramme, with CESIE (Centre for Euro-
for publication. It can be downloaded        Mixing cultural development with            pean Studies and Initiatives) as for in-
and focuses on the interesting topic of      training of human capital is essential to   terventions of Euro-Mediterranean
Euro-Mediterranean cultural coopera-         pursue mid- and long-term strategies        youth cooperation, with the Glocal
tion and international organisations         for sustainability. The Balat project       Forum concerning the ongoing restora-
working in the cultural field.               aims at the creation of training path-      tion of the archaeological site in Chel-
                                             ways in fields relating to the integrated   lah and, most of all, with the Anna
Sun&Wind – LIFE                              management of heritage, namely              Lindh Foundation (ALF) and its Ital-
Coordinated by the Municipality of           restoration of cultural and architectural   ian Network for the Dialogue between
Palermo, the Sun&Wind project tar-           assets. The project, funded by the Euro-    Cultures in Alexandria, Egypt.
gets stringent and up-to-date issues.        pean Social Fund within the framework       Coppem and the ALF share the same
The recent report (2005) by the              of the programme for Higher Technical       interests, as it was underlined in the
Barcelona IEMED on the state of              Training and Education, will be run in      project proposal “The Dialogue Night”
Mediterranean Cities highlighted how         Mazara del Vallo. It entails training for   put forward by the ALF Secretariat
policies of urban sustainability repre-      about 30 people working in the restora-     from Alexandria during the Coppem
sent an ongoing challenge to which           tion field, both Italian and migrant        12th assembly last December.
current responses are still late and inad-   workers resident in Italy. Moreover, it     “The Dialogue Night”, promoted by
equate. Hence, it is crucial to provide      will be preliminary to projects to be im-   ALF within the framework of the 1001
ourselves with the effective equipment,      plemented with Tunisia in the field of      Actions campaign for Dialogue
particularly in the energy sector, which     urban renovation. The project website,      (         and      by
has a geostrategic value even at inter-      in Italian, is the following: www.istitu-   Coppem, entails organising cultural
national level. Recovering traditional                            events in at least 10 Euro-Mediter-
building techniques and combining                                                        ranean cities. The events should per-
them with innovative materials able to       In addition, besides carrying out proj-     tain to the dialogue between cultures
maintain a steady temperature without        ects, the Secretariat of the 4th Com-       and peoples and aim both at exchang-
any air conditioning system may con-         mission has plotted a fabric of relations   ing and mixing traditions and common
tribute considerably to energy saving        among actors of cultural cooperation        roots through the multiple forms of ex-
policies promoted by Sun&Wind in the         and regional, national and interna-         pression of the human being and at ac-
largest Mediterranean cities. An Inter-      tional institutions in order to systema-    knowledging identities mutually. The
national Conference on energy saving         tise the outcomes and improve their         Anna Lindh Foundation will dissemi-
and bioclimatic architecture to be held      sustainability. Furthermore, it partici-    nate information on this initiative
in November 2008 in Palermo will             pated in training actions and set up        whilst Coppem will be endorsed with
close the project, in its last year of ac-   networks linked to the subject of Hu-       Secretariat tasks and act as a link with
tivity. Coppem actions will represent        man Rights and their enforcement            the governments involved.

COPPEMNEWS                                      14
                                                                                                        XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY


Mrs. Janine Haddad,                                                                                                training programmes,
Vice-President of the Re-                                                                                          31 surveys and 21
gional Council Ile-de-                                                                                             competitive examina-
France, and an expert in                                                                                           tions in schools, as
the field of the relation-                                                                                         well as the Eurovision
ships between Europe and                                                                                           Song Contest held in
Mediterranean Countries,                                                                                           Helsinki. The impor-
has been appointed as the                                                                                          tant     advertisement
new President of the Fifth                                                                                         campaigns in Austria
Coppem Commission on                                                                                               and Belgium have
Equal Opportunities. Mrs.                                                                                          been mentioned along
Haddad, who succeeds to                                                                                            with the youth music
Mrs. Lucile Schmid, has                                                                                            festivals held in France
opened the works of the Commission –         on “Equal Opportunities” has explicitly           and Cyprus both focussing on the mes-
on occasion of the XII Coppem GA of          invited all the delegated present in              sage of diversity. In Italy, the Ministry of
Palermo – by describing the activities       Palermo, representing local authorities           Labour has developed a project for
carried out in 2007, and highlighting in     and powers of both shores of the                  women “Sono” (Italian acronym of
particular the relationships started with    Mediterranean, to have a proactive role           Equal Opportunities New Opportuni-
Euro-Mediterranean associations, uni-        in the prevention and the fight of dis-           ties) for gender equality at work. In
versities, institutions and networks. The    crimination at the workplace and to de-           Lithuania, the office of the Equal Op-
goal of the Fifth Commission is to ap-       velop policies and instruments to im-             portunities Ombudsman has been se-
proach the issue of Equal Opportunities      prove social and employment inclusion             lected to be awarded a national TV prize
from different perspectives such as: the     in a global perspective of development            and the new partnerships established to
dialogue between the two shores of the       and mobility. Reporters and experts of            promote equality have been very impor-
Mediterranean, a permanent exchange          the Fifth Commission have analysed                tant as well.
on the different legislative aspects, a      some projects such as the “EU partner-            For the first time Member States have
constant reflection on the importance of     ship for peace project” and advanced              developed national strategies against
the fight against discriminations in an      proposals for the near future, being              discrimination by starting collaboration
ever-changing world, the strengthening       aware of the fact that many people are            among the several ministries and the so-
of network relationships and awareness       still discriminated in our societies.             called “civil society”, these initiatives
campaigns carried out to inform people       A survey carried out by Eurobarometro             aim at ensuring equal opportunities for
on the benefits of a society which en-       and published at the beginning of the             all in Europe. The goal of the Fifth
hances diversity, thereby offering equal     year revealed that only one third of the          Commission is to start from the positive
opportunities to its citizens, without any   Eu citizens surveyed were aware of their          results obtained during the European
discrimination whatsoever.                   rights in case of discrimination or perse-        Year for Equal Opportunities for all, to
In 2008 a new initiative of the European     cution. Rights, representativeness,               propose long-lasting initiatives aiming
Commission, will deal with the issue of      recognition and respect have been the             at common efforts to increase the partic-
discrimination outside workplaces. Ac-       core concepts underlined – more than              ipation of women in the social and po-
cording to a recent survey, in fact – in     once during the meeting held in Palermo           litical contexts, thereby avoiding stereo-
spite of the progressive EU legislation      – by the delegates who have mentioned             types and prejudices. To quote Pier Vir-
aiming at combating discrimination           the goals of the European Year of Equal           gilio Dastoli, Director of the European
based on sex, race, age and disabilities –   Opportunities for all celebrated in 2007,         Commission Delegation in Italy “there
many citizens are unaware of such rights     which was about to be concluded. Many             is a bridge between the protection of the
or they ignore how to protect the same.      of the activities launched in EU Member           rights and of equal opportunities and the
The best ideas worked out during the         States have also been outlined, such as           dialogue among different cultures: at the
year will be enhanced within the frame-      prizes for diversity awarded to compa-            core there is the common respect for the
work of the new Eu programme Progress.       nies, creative commercials broadcast on           differences and the will to be ready for
The Fifth Commission of the Coppem           MTV, 47 different anti-discrimination             comparison”.

                                                                                          15                                JANUARY 2008



                                         • Municipal Councillor, Municipality of Sarcelles (Val d’Oise) – 1989
                                         • Deputy Mayor in charge of Social and childhood policies, Municipality of Sarcelles, dur-
                                           ing the term in office of Dominique STRAUSS-KAHN as mayor – 1995
                                         • Regional Councillor of the Region of Ile-de-France – 1998
                                         • President of the Financial Commission, Regional Council of Ile-de-France – 2002
                                         • Person in charge of the proceedings of the Convention on the future of the European
                                           Union, during the term in office of Jean-Paul HUCHON as President of the Region of
                                           Ile-de-France – 2002
                                         • Regional councillor and vice-president with responsibility for international and Euro-
                                           pean activities in the Region of Ile-de-France – 2004
                                         • President of the Commission for Gender equality, United Cities and Local Govern-
                                           ments (UCLG) – 2005
                                         • Secretary general for Europe, Metropolis (World Association of the Major Metropolis-
                                           es) – 2006

Janine Haddad, a leading figure from     appreciated the quality of speeches             Palermo, I met women bearing wit-
the French political world, has been     which revealed great experience and             ness to precise facts, formulating sig-
called to chair 5th Commission dealing   openness, especially as far as politics         nificant initiatives and extremely
with feminine condition in the public    are concerned. Secondly, and this ex-           concrete proposals and, thus, allowing
space and with equal opportunities.      plains one of the reasons why I decid-          me to hold an optimistic view of our
Staunch supporter of the Euro-           ed to become a Coppem representa-               job. Since its creation, the commis-
Mediterranean policy, she has accrued    tive, I agree with the decision to focus        sion was aimed at working on equal
a precious experience in the frame-      on the Euro-Mediterranean process.              opportunities in every field.
work of the assignments held in the      I have dealt with relations between             I care deeply about such multiplicity.
Regional Council of Ile-de-France,       Europe and Mediterranean countries              It is essential to deal with issues such
within she in charge of the relations    for several years within the framework          as women’s rights, education to re-
between Europe and the Southern          of the Regional Council of Ile-de-              spect, equal treatment in every profes-
shore countries. Hereafter her speech:   France and I try to deepen this issue           sional and social framework as well as
                                         whenever it is possible. Furthermore,           participation in public life. The pres-
On the occasion of Coppem 12th           France will tackle this issue later on          ence of women within the public
General Assembly I have the honour       this year on the occasion of the sum-           framework has been introduced by the
of being appointed President of the      mit arranged for June by the French             5th Commission during the last Gen-
5th Commission for Equal Opportuni-      government in view of the French                eral assembly. This is a particularly
ties. I wish to thank once more          Presidency of the EU. Last but not              crucial topic, as it outlines the role
Coppem President and Vice-presi-         least, the 5th Commission. I regularly          played by women in our society.
dents for such a great honour. This is   happen to be invited to become a                Hence, I wish to go on with the tasks
the first time I participate in Coppem   member of some Commission for                   the Commission for Equal Opportuni-
activities and I must admit I find       Equal opportunities, at European and            ties has so successfully undertaken,
them particularly interesting from       international level, and particularly           starting from these key principles,
many standpoints. First of all, I much   within the UCLG. However, here in               transversality and effectiveness.

COPPEMNEWS                                  16
                                                                                                            XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY


Despite women being described as the            col to the Convention, has confirmed her           public institutions, NGOs, trade unions,
“architects of the society” and this reflect-   commitment to the elimination of gender            universities and professional chambers.
ing a reality, there has never been a peri-     discrimination against women. The Op-              The decisions of City Councils that are
od of time in the world history where           tional Protocol entered into force in Jan-         taken with the principles of participation
women have shared the world equally             uary 2003 in Turkey. Turkey in the process         and decentralised administration are also
with men. This, as a deep and fundamen-         of EU accession, in particular, in addition        discussed in Municipal Council.
tal inequality of humankind, not only           to the notable amendments in the Con-              - In addition, I am proud to have
harms women but also men, who share             stitution making gender equality a funda-          propesed The Draft Law on Paid Parental
the same world with them. Thus, a better        mental responsibility of the State, the ba-        Leave For Birth for private and public
life is only possible by an equal participa-    sic laws of Turkish legal system have been         sector workers have been arranged as
tion and share in life. However, with pro-      completely changed with the same per-              16/18 weeks.
portional differences in each country in        spective. In this context;                         - With changes made in the Labor Code
line with different development levels,         - In 1998, Protection of the Family Law            in 2003, a significant progress for guaran-
women are still far behind men with re-         that aims to prevent domestic violence             teeing gender quality in work life has
gard to many basic indicators such as edu-      was adopted.                                       been achieved. In medium term, these
cation, health and employment in all            - The new Turkish Civil Code, which                arrangements are expected to increase
countries. In this respect, globalisation be-   contains more egalitarian clauses, came            the women labour which is quite low in
sides the new opportunities with new            into effect in 2002.                               country. In the same respect, vocational
challenges and problems added different         - The Act on the Establishment of Fami-            training programmes and micro credit
dimensions to these existing inequalities.      ly Courts was adopted by Turkish Grand             works are carried out.
In order to create favourable conditions to     National Assembly and entered into                 It has to be also mentioned that women
practice women’s human rights complete-         force on January 18, 2003.                         in decision-making and politics are not in
ly, new policies are formulated in both na-     - The New Turkish Penal Code, that was             a sufficient level. Although women have
tional and international levels. In this        prepared with a view to ensure gender              been presented in high levels, including
contexte, I belive that the start up of the     equality, has been amended with provi-             once prime ministry, today in the Turkish
5th Commission in Coppem will repre-            sions including heavy sanctions for pre-           Grand National Assembly there are 50
sent a significant added value. In other        venting violence against women and en-             women parliamentarians, this represent
words, to improve women's status, safe-         tered into force on 1st June 2005.                 %10 percent. Women’s representation in
guard their rights and interests, tap their     - Another important improvement is                 local government is also inadequate lev-
potentials and ensure gender equality           that the entering into force of the insti-         el. In the 2004 local elections, 18 women
have become a common understanding of           tutional law of the national mechanism             were elected as mayor. The efforts have
both the international community and            responsible for gender equality in No-             been accelerated in order to increase
national authorities. This strengthens the      vember 2004. Although the national                 women representation in local and na-
expectations that this universal inequality     mechanism was established in 1990, it              tional level. However, In Turkey, the pro-
will be removed in this century. Unremit-       had been carrying out its activities with-         portion of women in professions that re-
ting efforts to establish and improve the       out legal basis. With the legal basis, na-         quire expertise is quite high. Today in
implementation and monitoring mecha-            tional mechanism will be able to work              Turkey, the ratio of women teaching at
nisms continue increasingly. One of the         more efficiently.                                  universities is 36 % and 25 % percent of
contributions of this policy to the coun-       - According to the new Municipalities              professors are female. 31 % of architects,
tries decreasing gender inequality is the       Law, municipalities with a population of           29 % of doctors and surgeons and 26 % of
development achieved in business and            more than 50 000 and bigger-city munic-            lawyers are women. Finalising my speech,
other sectors. That is mainly because; the      ipalities have to provide shelters for             despite of the legal arrangements and the
integration of women to the social life         women and children. In that way, it will           obvious achievements of their implemen-
brings productive use of human resources        be possible to provide protection and pre-         tation, knowing that these progress is not
of countries. n this context, Turkey sign-      vention services to women suffering from           enough, I would like to express our deter-
ing, with no reservations, the Beijing De-      violence.                                          mination and would like to thank all the
claration and being among the first twen-       - With regards to the same law, City               participants for our common efforts to es-
ty countries to sign The Optional Proto-        Council is composed of representatives of          tablish a better world for women.

                                                                                              17                                JANUARY 2008


Over the last years Morocco has under-         antees the rights of women and ensures          making power, yet they are adjusted and
gone major changes concerning the role         equality between men and women; the             limited to a local level, not to a nation-
of women both in public and private            Labour Law stipulates a ban on any dis-         al one. In other words, the correct use of
life. Before the law and in public life,       criminations - beyond its preamble yet          quotas has been crossed out from the
women are independent subjects. The            extremely important - in any working            goals the NGO’s were pursuing by their
principles of equality and non-discrimi-       fields and recognises the right to equal        fighting. The statutes of political parties
nation between men and women are               salaries. Equal opportunities in Moroc-         prescribe quotas to ensure women’s rep-
laid down in the Moroccan Constitu-            can Public Law are confirmed by the law         resentation within decision making or
tion, in particular their right to work to-    on political organisations and by the           consultative bodies of political parties,
gether with other political and civil          electoral one, the latter stating that Mo-      but they are not universally respected.
rights. The equality of rights, stipulated     roccan citizens of both sexes have the          At the same time though, political par-
by the Moroccan Constitution and In-           right to cast their vote if they are over       ties do not prescribe quotas for local,
ternational Treaties that have been rati-      the age of 18, possess their civil and po-      provincial or regional electoral nomina-
fied, is reaffirmed by different laws, such    litical rights, and are not civilly disabled.   tions. On a local level the practice of
as those about the election and compo-         The law on political organisations ac-          ‘internal democracy’ affects in a nega-
sition of Parliament among others.             knowledges Moroccan citizens of both            tive way how the head of party’s lists are
However, data about political participa-       sexes, who have reached their legal age,        appointed. In case of election, Moroc-
tion of women show how full equality           the right to freely join any legally estab-     can women suffer as a result of men’s
has not been achieved in reality, al-          lished political party, if its statute incor-   ambitions as they are all willing to be-
though over the last years some ad-            porates rules about a proportional num-         come president of a city council or at
vances have been made.                         ber of women and young people to be             least vice-president (for instance, none
The access of women to decision mak-           occupying management positions with-            of the vice-presidents of the Capital
ing and power positions is limited, how-       in the party itself. And now an overview        City Council is a woman; it is however
ever they have progressed to an active         about the issues related to the participa-      possible to find women president of city
participation in different forms of asso-      tion in mass organisations.                     councils in rural areas).
ciative life. Since September 2nd 2000         Still today a limited adhesion to politi-       At a Regional level there are not fixed
though, the day when for the first time a      cal parties, both for family and marriage       quotas, therefore the local council-
woman was appointed as a minister by           reasons, is recorded. As a consequence          woman is driven to fight to win a sit in
King Mohammed VI and became then               there is a very low rate of women’s par-        the Regional council by means of ‘inter-
the leader of the Ministry of Social Af-       ticipation in party cells or branches, lim-     nal democracy’ of political parties and
fairs, the presence of women within the        ited involvement in meetings or con-            consequently by means of internal elec-
government has been increasing, al-            gresses that usually take place on late         tions. Another field which women must
though it is still limited. This concept       evenings or weekends. And they also             strive to have access to is the formation
was emphasised during the 12th Gener-          have little contact with citizens and           of the Council Office. In conclusion,
al Assembly of Coppem by Mr Ouafe              even with party members, and end up             the ‘tough challenge’ of strengthening
Benfeddoul, the President of the Com-          lacking political experience on a local,        the practice of equal opportunities in
mittee on Conflicts and Legal Matters of       regional and national level. It is also         Morocco is still open for women to have
Rabat’s Municipal Council. He also             possible to observe a limited participa-        access to political representation. Politi-
talked about equal opportunities in Mo-        tion of women in the management bod-            cal parties will play a crucial role by
roccan legislation, Constitution, Private      ies of parties for various reasons: lack of     adopting the quota system in relation to
and Public Law. This is the picture his        women leaders at a local level; different       local, provincial and regional electoral
address revealed of the condition of           duties inside and outside the house; the        nominations, while men are bound to
women in Morocco. The Constitution             practice of alternance in occupying local       realise that women are the only support
guarantees civil and political rights to all   and national leading positions is often         they have in their fight against poverty.
citizens. Equal opportunities in private       performed to the detriment of women.            Since women are at the origin of human
law in Morocco have significant points         Then the whole question of women’s              growth, why aren’t they also considered
of reference in Family and Labour Law.         quota arises. Quotas represent the gate-        a key factor at the origin of local and re-
The Family Law, in its preamble, guar-         way for them to have access to decision         gional development?

COPPEMNEWS                                        18
                                                                                                  XII GENERAL ASSEMBLY


First of all let me express my deep grat-
itude being among all of you here, and
it is really an honor joining the
Coppem family, which makes me carry
a big responsibility not only toward my
committee’s duties, but also toward
achieving the Coppem goals and to
work in harmony with all the respect-
ed partners. Well from my experience
being as a “Head of Euromed Youth
Unit”, in Egypt which is affiliated to
the National council of youth, this
unit which works achieving the goals
of Barcelona Process in the part of
Youth and Civil Society. The Euro-
Mediterranean Youth Programme (Eu-
ro-Med Youth) is a regional pro-
gramme set up within the framework
                                            Giovanna Cirino and Gehad Galal Amer
of the third chapter of the Barcelona
Process entitled “partnership in social,
cultural and human affairs”. The
Barcelona Declaration, adopted in           tions for a closer co-operation be-           ing among young people, youth lead-
1995, laid down the foundations for         tween the Euro-Mediterranean part-            ers and youth workers operating with-
the Euro-Med Youth Programme and            ners”. The Euro-Med Youth Pro-                in the framework of youth organisa-
stressed that “youth exchanges should       gramme focuses on mobility, non-for-          tions, civil organisations dealing with
be the means to prepare future genera-      mal education and intercultural learn-        youth. The programme was designed
                                                                                          to facilitate encounters, partnerships
                                                                                          and networks within the Euro-
                                                                                          Mediterranean partnership. In the
                                                                                          context of the European Neighbour-
                                                                                          hood policy which underlined the im-
                                                                                          portante of the dialogue between civi-
                                                                                          lizations and human links between the
                                                                                          people of the enlarged Europe and of
                                                                                          its neighbors, the programme Euro-
                                                                                          Med Youth acquires an increased sig-
                                                                                          nificance. Direct “people to people”
                                                                                          cooperation can contribute consider-
                                                                                          ably to political stability, to economic
                                                                                          development and to social cohesion in
                                                                                          the regions. Not to be long, I wish we
                                                                                          can gather our experience to achieve
                                                                                          the goals not only in each committee
                                                                                          a side, but the Coppem goals. And I
                                                                                          wish to gain more experience joining
                                                                                          you and also to serve with all my ef-
                                                                                          forts towards the aims.
Ouafae Benfeddoul and Fatiha Bakkali

                                                                                     19                              JANUARY 2008


                                                                                               ily ease the tensions and fulfil some of
                                                                                               the needs of the European countries,
                                                                                               which require new workforce. However
                                                                                               in the medium/long-run the risk is for
                                                                                               these countries to be deprived of their
                                                                                               human resources, which – in turn – may
                                                                                               compromise the opportunities for them
                                                                                               to implement growth processes at a local
                                                                                               level. The “Barcelona Process” should
                                                                                               trigger – after 2010 – a peaceful revolu-
                                                                                               tion in the Mediterranean Basin, with an
                                                                                               enormous employment of human, cul-
                                                                                               tural and intellectual resources, along
                                                                                               with innovation and transfer of new
                                                                                               technologies and economic resources.
                                                                                               However, the European Union lacks co-
                                                                                               hesion and a unitary approach: member
                                                                                               states are weak and their leaders uncer-
Fabio Pellegrini
                                                                                               tain and confused and very often they do
                                                                                               not have the necessary authority and the
                                                                                               political qualities to face these chal-
More than twelve years have elapsed             nisms. Some of the goals of the                lenges. At best - they prevent or delay a
since the Barcelona Declaration (27-28          “Barcelona Process” reached so fare often      more advanced process of integration
November 1995) and although usually             derive from other accomplishments such         and the establishment of an economic,
evaluations are made at the end of a            as the rise and the consolidation of the       political and institutional Unit which
process, we can at least take the stock of      role of civil society, which are in turn       could help them define common poli-
the situation, as 2010 is only three years      linked to economic growth, the func-           cies, make rapid and effective decisions,
away. By this date, one of the most im-         tioning of the core institutions, the pres-    speak with a single voice and allocate fi-
portant goals for the Mediterranean,            ence of the Rule of Law, the expansion of      nancial and economic resources to sup-
shall be reached, i.e. the creation of a Eu-    the private sector, as well as the growth      port the implementation of ambitious in-
ro-Mediterranean free trade area.               and stabilisation of democratic systems.       ternational goals, in particular in the
Such goal requires important changes            By civil society we mean a complex sys-        Mediterranean area. Such a profound
from an economic, social, political and         tem of the society that grows along with       change, requiring consistent resources
institutional viewpoint, and these              forms of association of any kind, such as      and ambitious strategic vision – as well as
changes may profoundly affect the sub-          for example economic, social, labour,          democratic relationships among the
stantive nature of the Mediterranean            professional, cultural, and political.         partners – cannot be the result of the
non-member countries. The process of            Of course, nothing is static: many situa-      positive outcomes of a limited number of
profound transformation not only re-            tions are undergoing changes; however          more or less important projects.
quires political will and stability, but also   these changes are slow as compared to          Coppem and European Parliament, have
time and considerable financial instru-         the challenges posed by some problems          both negatively evaluated the mecha-
ments and resources. These pre-requi-           that must be rapidly solved. As an exam-       nism of bilateral agreements between EU
sites are not present in all the Mediter-       ple, the creation of millions of jobs for      member states and MNC countries and
ranean countries: the resources that have       young people who, otherwise, are bound         have proposed to avoid a slow and com-
been made available so far to create the        to live in conditions of submission, star-     plex process entrusting the European
necessary conditions to implement suc-          vation, riots or to illegally migrate in the   Commission with the task to define the
cessful conditions are limited and very         attempt to pursuit better life conditions.     convention with Mediterranean non-
often they have been allocated through          Migration cannot be the solution to un-        member countries, thereby fostering the
very complex and inefficient mecha-             employment problems; it may temporar-          possibility of establishing more efficient

COPPEMNEWS                                         20

partnership projects. By arrogating the       tions – linked to the EIB or to other en-           campaign and even afterwards, has
right to decide on this matter to them-       tities – have been proposed, however the            launched the idea of a “Mediterranean
selves, Member States have produced an        Euro-Mediterranean Bank is a more                   Union”. Last December, the French Na-
inefficient mechanism, thereby confin-        structured operational instrument and               tional Assembly has produced a substan-
ing the Commission to a limited role.         therefore this projects must be supported;          tial document on this matter, however
 Moreover, bilateral relationships among      but, above all, the Euro-Mediterranean              the terms and the nature of such
the States have prevented territorial         Bank could provide the necessary funds              “Union” have not been clearly defined
communities from a more comprehen-            for cooperation and partnership.                    yet. Very often “complementarity with
sive process of integration and deprived      A Euro-Mediterranean Bank could stim-               the Barcelona Process” is mentioned, al-
them of the opportunity to give their         ulate the interest of the rich Arab Coun-           though from what has been stated so far
contribution to the Euro-Mediterranean        tries of the Gulf, already possessing huge          on this topic, something different seems
partnership. In the light of the limited      resources (“petrodollars”) and that are at          to emerge. In the last meeting of the 37
results obtained so far, the proposal for a   present more interested in business op-             Ministers of Foreign Affairs held in Lis-
Permanent Committee representing ter-         portunities in Western countries than in            bon, Mr. Sarkozy’s proposal has been dis-
ritorial communities – as demanded by         investing in the Mediterranean Arab                 cussed about: many were in favour al-
the European Parliament and by the            Countries or in north African countries.            though with different approaches.
Committee of the Regions – is more            According to some reliable forecasts,               The majority of those in favour of the
than ever valid. The establishment of         over the next two decades, the Arab                 proposal think that the Union should be
the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary          Countries of the Gulf will cash 24 thou-            part of the “Barcelona Process” and not
Assembly (EMPA) and of the Anna               sand billion dollars from the sale of oil           an alternative to it; it may however rep-
Lindt Foundation are surely positive de-      and gas. If only a limited part of this huge        resent the political will and the opera-
cisions which will encourage institution-     sum is invested in the Euro-Mediter-                tive processing to reach a Euro-Mediter-
al exchanges and support cooperation          ranean Bank, at least the problem of the            ranean partnership more rapidly and effi-
and intercultural dialogue, through the       resources will be very limited. Last year,          ciently. This proposal must really be sup-
Foundation based in Alexandria. The           new institutional initiatives have been             ported, although the purposes are not
prospect of setting up a Euro-Mediter-        proposed; the new President of the                  very clear yet. This – however – should
ranean Bank is also receding. Other solu-     French Republic, during his electoral               be Coppem’s position.

                                                                                             21                               JANUARY 2008


At the invita-                                                                                                               and     primary
tion of the Mu-                                                                                                              goal for the
nicipality    of                                                                                                             free-trade area,
Favara, in the                                                                                                               which should
Province      of                                                                                                             include      the
Agrigento, the                                                                                                               whole region,
meeting ‘Coop-                                                                                                               to become a re-
eration among                                                                                                                ality. He also
Euro-Mediter-                                                                                                                recalled     the
ranean cities’                                                                                                               plan for an Ara-
took place on                                                                                                                bic free trade
November                                                                                                                     area and the
29th. The pro-                                                                                                               agreements,
ceedings were                                                                                                                signed      with
introduced by                                                                                                                Nigeria      and
the     Deputy-                                                                                                              South Africa,
Mayor         of                                                                                                             that allow an
Favara, Mr. Fil-                                                                                                             African point
ippo Lentini,                                                                                                                of growth to be
who addressed            from right: Noureddine Sbia
                                                                                                                             established. He
his welcome to                                                                                                               acknowledged
the participants                                                                                                             the       efforts
by expressing                                                                                                                Coppem       has
his great appreciation for the event, as             with the Northern ones, are driving my         been putting in place to make local au-
Coppem gathered in Favara some of his                Country to pursue a co-operation which         thorities come close within the Euro-
most prestigious members, such as Pro-               carries a high added value with it and         Mediterranean area. Those efforts are
fessor Said El Dakkak, Professor Ali                 consequently, it is establishing partner-      inscribed in the framework of a whole
Abu Ganimeh, Professor Philippe San-                 ships with institutional bodies of Coun-       series of positive International initia-
marco, Dr Noureddine Sbia, and Ms                    tries of the two shores of the Mediter-        tives Algeria had been joining with en-
Fatiha Bakkali, a Member of the Parlia-              ranean”. Those agreements must be ne-          thusiasm, and of approaches which tell
ment of the Kingdom of Morocco. The                  gotiated in particular with the main fig-      of the commitment to foster develop-
outstanding speakers presented possible              ures of civil society, with city authorities   ment by means of new cooperation
and concrete action plans of coopera-                and university scholars, by transferring       processes, starting with the diplomatic
tion among Cities and Regions within                 knowledge and exchanging experiences           efforts Mr Zapatero, the Spanish Prime
the Euro-Mediterranean area. Such ac-                and know-how with the purpose of en-           Minister, is devoting to the establish-
tions should be mostly developed in the              suring and guaranteeing a sustainable          ment of an alliance of the civilisations,
social and youth fields. The proceed-                development of our cities, in compli-          which was launched at the United Na-
ings, which took place with Mr                       ance with international standards since,       tions on September 2004. It is vital to
Francesco Sammaritano as a careful                   as it was properly underlined at the           continue progressing along this path, by
moderator, were also attended by Mr                  United Nations during the opening of           favouring an Euro-Mediterranean
Lino Motta, the Secretary General of                 the Third World Urban Forum that               awareness, to move away from the
Coppem. To go into the details,                      took place in Vancouver (Canada), the          stereotypes concerning public security
Noureddine Sbia, the President of the                future of mankind depends on that of its       and their alarmist propaganda and to
Algerian Forum for Citizenship and                   cities. Mr Sbia reaffirmed the strong          bring about a reconciliation with the
Modernity, stated how “the globalisa-                will Algeria showed to come into the           great tradition of dialogue, circulation
tion of trades and the need for the                  world, and in relation to that he men-         of ideas, and of a profitable co-opera-
Southern cities of the Mediterranean to              tioned the establishment of the Arab           tion, to the benefit of a shared progress
rise through the ranks and catch up                  Maghreb Union (AMU) as a strategic             and development of our societies.

COPPEMNEWS                                              22


In early 2005, to put Mr. Viliani’s vision
into practice (Viliani works for Hospital
Consulting, a company that has been
working in Italy for more than 20 years
providing services in the health sector) a
meeting was held in Florence between
Mr. Viliani, Mr. Paolo Binelli from
Telespazio and Mr. Poggiolini from Tele-
com Italia. On that occasion an impor-
tant project was worked out; this project,
in a few months, was to become an im-
portant operating initiative in Italy: the
Virtual Hospital (HCSat). With the
technological support provided by Tele-
com Italia and Telespazio, which has
built a unique satellite infrastructure,
and thanks to the commitment of Hos-
pital Consulting, which has planned a
number of different computer services
and made them available for Italian hos-
pitals, by the end of 2007 it was possible
to create a network among 30 different         any limit from a logistic viewpoint. The           or 3 excellence centres for each field of
Italian hospitals, linked by means of wide     project is ambitious and the three part-           medical specialisation will be selected;
band connection that enables them to           ners are willing to further expand the             other hospitals may make reference to
exchange information and share specific        prestigious results reached so far; in fact        these excellence centres for consultation
know how among themselves, to the ad-          they are already working to enlarge the            or in case of health emergency.
vantage of everyone. Above all, such ini-      network in 2008 to 60 new hospitals and            This approach implies that any hospital
tiative was also made possible because of      to reach 100 hospitals in 2009.                    may again either become excellence cen-
the mass campaign to convince the po-          Moreover, the satellite link through               tre or user of a service. By way of illustra-
tential beneficiaries of the initiative of     which the network operates does not on-            tion, some of the specialisations already
the effectiveness of the same carried out      ly cover Italy, but includes also Europe           included in the network are listed here:
by Hospital Consulting.                        and the Mediterranean Basin, up to a               Allergology, Dermatology, Cardiology,
The company considers HCSat, as an in-         large number of countries of the Arab              Hematology, Infectious diseases, Neurol-
novative instrument allowing the cre-          world. This means that any satellite sta-          ogy, Ophthalmology, Oncology, Pedi-
ation of a real communication network          tion in any hospital located in the area           atrics, Urology etc. As already men-
among the various health centres; this         covered by the satellite, may immediate-           tioned, the project is ambitious and only
instrument, which is user friendly and of      ly be connected to the network of hospi-           a few months ago it could have been cat-
great impact for beneficiaries, shall foster   tals already operating in Italy, thereby           alogued in the “dreams book”, while the
comparison among health centres, en-           becoming user and service provider. The            partners are sure that in 2008, thanks to
courage group work among experts and           three Italian partners have therefore il-          the support provided by Coppem, the
exchange of experiences and good prac-         lustrated their project to Coppem, which           Virtual Hospital of the Mediterranean
tices among the same. Any hospital is a        has immediately understood the huge                will become an operating reality allow-
potential user and at the same time a po-      potential of the project: the creation – in        ing public and private entities, connect-
tential service provider: any hospital – in    a very short time span of few months – of          ed to HCSat, to make use of innovative
fact – is provided with a small satellite      a Virtual Hospital including all Coppem            processes and technology with high qual-
station (about 1 meter diameter), which        countries. When running regularly the              ity and security standards; these stan-
enables the transmission of information        Virtual Hospital may operate as follows:           dards can be guaranteed only by the use
up to 700 Kbit/s all over Italy, without       among all the hospitals of the network, 2          of the bi-directional satellite.

                                                                                             23                                 JANUARY 2008


                                                                                             gional Minister Mr. Paolo Colianni has
                                                                                             already allocated six million euros to set
                                                                                             up such centres and at the same time an
                                                                                             operational model has been outlined. We
                                                                                             believe that Coppem, given its experience
                                                                                             and ability managing similar issues, might
                                                                                             support the Regional Ministry in its effort
                                                                                             to broker such a crucial stage of the plan
                                                                                             which would allow the country to provide
                                                                                             for the reception of the minors worthy of
                                                                                             a civilised state. The facilities, which
                                                                                             should be involved in this project togeth-
                                                                                             er with the Sicilian Regional Ministry for
                                                                                             Health, have already been identified, and
                                                                                             the testing stage is expected to begin ear-
                                                                                             ly next year. The Italian Ministry for In-
                                                                                             ternal Affairs will be a partner in this ini-
In both 2005 and 2006 about 1,500 un-          ready settled in Europe. This kind of         tiative and we deem that it could become
accompanied foreign minors entered our         treatment can not be considered worthy        an excellent example that the European
country, and since Italian legislation         of a civilised country, therefore it is es-   Union could later adopt as a model to be
does not force their expulsion we are          sential that when immigrants land, an         implemented.
bound to feel responsible for their wel-       institution is ready to take custody of mi-   Producing the documentary “The vari-
fare. When they land in Italy minors are       nors and start a real integration path for    ous faces of Emigration”.
taken into custody by police officers who      them within a residential institution em-     We are convinced that raising awareness
cannot speak their language most of the        ploying key professional figures who can      about the immigration phenomenon
time, therefore they are not in the best       help to guarantee a real understanding of     among people is very important. Sicilian
position to understand the minors’ real        their needs and inclinations. The plan is     people can better understand the phe-
needs. Then a frantic search begins to         to establish a temporary reception cen-       nomenon as they have experienced it
find residential homes with vacancies to       tre, for placement lasting three months       since the post-war period, after the I
accommodate them. Such institutions            or less, with psychotherapists, psycholo-     world war. This idea of reception is par-
do not usually employ an interpreter or a      gists, social workers and educators, some     ticularly remarkable in Sicilian people,
specialised social worker, it is therefore     of whom speak the native languages (for       as they already know what it means to
easy to understand why in the space of         that purpose we have started a coopera-       move to a foreign country and find a hos-
one week about 70% of foreign minors,          tive project with Mediterranean coun-         tile environment where it is very difficult
who do not have someone appointed to           tries so that each can designate appropri-    to integrate. This is the reason why our
their case, escape and manage to elude         ate professional figures). During that        reception capacity is, on average, more
the authorities. According to data com-        three-month period an accurate screen-        developed than the others’. We believe
pared with that of the Italian Ministry        ing should be carried out not only to as-     that whatever helps disseminating infor-
for Internal Affairs, only 300 out of the      sess their health but also to establish       mation about this phenomenon may also
1,500 unaccompanied minors entering            their country of origin, to determine         ease the integration of migrants who
our country are later regularly identified     whether they should be:                       move to Sicily or just pass through it.
by a law enforcement agency and begin          1. Placed in foster care with families from   The Regional Minister Mr. Colianni has
the process of legal integration. In other     the same country;                             been particularly pleased with the grant
words, every year 1,200 children are very      2. Placed in multi-ethnic communities         allocated by our Regional Ministry so
likely to become victims of organised          populated by skilled professionals who        that the documentary might be soon pro-
crime and exploitation in Sicily, since        will be crucial to ensuring the minors’       duced and disseminated with the aim of
only a few of them actually manage to re-      integration.                                  increasing integration, especially at cul-
unite with their relatives who have al-        That is not an easy path, however the Re-     tural level.

COPPEMNEWS                                         24


The “Centre for Training and Research in                                                             velopment of these ICT components to-
Public Health“ (CEFPAS), based in Cal-                                                               gether with supporting and accompany-
tanissetta, is the training institution of the                                                       ing residential training through e-learn-
Sicilian Regional Health System. It was                                                              ing, will allow the establishment of a net-
established by the “Regional Law 30/93”                                                              work among all stakeholders, Italian, lo-
and started its activities in January 1996;                                                          cal and Mediterranean who are interest-
since then Cefpas has produced thousands                                                             ed in joining the project. The communi-
of training events par excellence and                                                                cation area accompanies the evolution of
dozens of innovative National, European                                                              the project and foresees, in the initial
and International projects, mainly in the                                                            phase, a promotion activity aimed at pre-
fields of health, social affairs and work.                                                           senting the initiative and at networking
Cefpas started the project "MasterMed -          lab and 4 training modules with general             the various stakeholders, through the im-
Leader in mediterraneization of Sicily”,         topics (cultural anthropology, political            plementation of conventions, meetings,
which came into being thanks to the part-        systems, social systems, health systems,            informative brochures, posters, advertis-
nership with the Ministry of Labour.             economic systems, of the Euro-mediter-              ing through the mass media, press releas-
This project aims to achieve an innova-          ranean area), and 500 hours of special-             es and the project website.
tive Master with the objective of forming        ized/professional training in 4 different           In the final phase, a closing conference
a pool of young graduates to take up lead-       areas: health and welfare systems, local            will be held and a publication will be
ership positions in the process of interna-      authorities and non-profit organization             compiled that will group together all the
tionalization of Sicilian economy in the         systems, banking and stock markets sys-             achievements, contributions of the differ-
Mediterranean basin (“mediterraneiza-            tems, international trade. For the field            ent network stakeholders and the most
tion”), in view of the activation, in 2010,      training, 400 hours of training in Italy,           interesting experiences, including the
of the free-trade area called for at the         400 hours abroad and 100 hours for the              best Project Work carried out by the Mas-
1995 Barcelona Conference. At the end            preparation of a Project Work are provid-           ter students. The opening conference,
of training, participants will have ac-          ed. Further 60 hours of training will be            held on November 17th at the Cefpas,
quired a high knowledge in the fields of         provided as e-learning. At the end of the           involved many authorities and the pub-
health, welfare, banking, economy and            theoretical training, the participants will         lic, totalling about 100 people. In partic-
culture of the Mediterranean Countries,          be given a certificate of attendance, while         ular, the Secretary General of Coppem
as well as of international bodies working       students who have followed the two peri-            (Permanent Committee for the Euro-
there; they will also have deepened their        ods of field training and have passed the           Mediterranean Partnership of Local and
knowledge of Arabic, English and French          final exam, which will include discussing           Regional Powers) Hon. Carmelo Motta
languages. The project is meant for 80           their Project Work, will receive the Mas-           was present; he gave a speech on the
young, unemployed graduates, aged no             ter certificate. The technology area pro-           progress of implementation of the free-
more than 30, with degree marks not less         vides for the establishment of a website, a         trade area envisaged by the Barcelona
than 105/110, a basic knowledge of Eng-          platform KMS (Knowledge Management                  Conference. The chairperson was the
lish language and of computer sciences           System) and the "Agorà", which will host            Undersecretary Sen. Antonio Montagni-
and who have been residing in Italy for at       the virtual community of practice.                  no. The Director General for the policies
least two years. Training, technology and         In particular, the KMS platform will sup-          and orientation and training of the Min-
communication are the most important             port the delivery of e-learning material,           istry of Labour, Dr. Vera Marincioni, re-
areas of the project. Training includes          for the establishment of a repertoire of            ported on "Trans-nationality and
2,000 hours of theoretical and practical         general, as well as specific, regulations in        strengthening of human resources: the
training over a 2-year period, articulated       the different countries, for the activation         experience of the European Social Fund
in 1040 hours of theoretical training, 900       of thematic on-line laboratories and fo-            at the service of the Euro-mediterranean
hours of field training, 60 hours of Dis-        rums, while the “Agorà” will mainly serve           area", while Cefpas Director General, Dr.
tance Learning, and a final test. Theoret-       for the exchange of information and ex-             Rosa Giuseppa Frazzica, explained the
ical training provides 540 hours of basic        periences (benchmarking), and for con-              project. Large resonance to the event was
training, with language laboratories of          verging of the demand and offer of goods,           given by the media, as well as all major
Arabic, English and French, a computer           services and job opportunities. The de-             local broadcasters.

                                                                                                25                                JANUARY 2008


                                                                                        ban management of cities by local ad-
                                                                                        ministrators, citizens and the civil soci-
                                                                                        ety. Four key rights have been identi-
                                                                                        fied: right to residence, right to use pub-
                                                                                        lic spaces, right to participation and
                                                                                        right to education and training.
                                                                                        The Relate Handbook describes the ex-
                                                                                        periences carried out within each terri-
                                                                                        torial laboratory, where the project
                                                                                        have been developed, from these expe-
                                                                                        riences, good practices can be drawn
                                                                                        and they can be spread all over the Eu-
                                                                                        ro-Mediterranean region. The Relate
                                                                                        project fostered proactive participation
                                                                                        of immigrants and involved associations
                                                                                        working in the area; its main achieve-
                                                                                        ment was gathering local administra-
                                                                                        tors, representatives of immigrant asso-
                                                                                        ciations, architects, sociologists, an-
                                                                                        thropologists and students around a
                                                                                        table with the aim to make politicians
                                                                                        aware of the urban and social setting of
                                                                                        their cities, making them focussed on
Cities, as an invention of men, are un-     framework of the various activities, an     the above-mentioned topics. The re-
dergoing processes of globalization,        important action was the application of     sults are an attempt to propose urban
technological transformation, and terri-    participation methodologies which en-       renovation projects to citizens giving
tories’ social and economic rearrange-      abled the implementation of project         them voice to discuss about qualitative
ment. By definition and tradition, cities   phases. For example: the ability of shar-   problems and to reflect on the use of ur-
are cosmopolitan and urbanization/ur-       ing and co interest, the respect for oth-   ban spaces. Their experiences may be
banism melts and concentrates individ-      er peoples’ cultures and the knowledge      useful for their own cities.
uals of different cultures and coming       of them, the inter-religious dialogue as    The approach is comprehensive and the
from different places in the same limit-    social cohesion factor and as an instru-    model proposed to a part of the city rep-
ed territory. This dimension is a           ment of peace. The project is an exper-     resents the attempt to think about
strength for cities, according to Mario     iment able to transform multicultural       spaces which may express different
Polèse's definition, but at the same time   cities into inter-ethnic cities, thereby    voices and different ways of living with
also its Achilles’ heel. Multicultural,     fostering the exchange between the lo-      which inhabitants may identify them-
multiethnic and Mediterranean cities        cal community and the foreign commu-        selves, think about an urban furniture
are all characterized by an urban setting   nity of an area, and promoting their ac-    model, meet the requirements of the
full of contradictions, difficulties and    tive participation.                         people living the city. The project was
disaggregating and unhomogeneous ele-       The final documents, which will be sub-     developed under two perspectives: the
ments.                                      mitted to Community institutions, of        urban planning perspective and the so-
The C2C Relate project, developed by        the pilot project are two: the European     cial perspective. The urban planning
Coppem with many partners, aimed at         Charter for Multicultural Oriented Ser-     approach characterized the territorial
becoming a democratic instrument of         vices and Relate Handbook on new ur-        Laboratories of Villa San Giovanni and
participation where immigrants are not      ban scenarios. The Charter is an agree-     Palermo, while the social approach,
only the recipients of the actions, but     ment between the cities where such          consisting of citizens’ active participa-
they have a proactive role in social par-   principles have been established and        tion, characterized the laboratories of
ticipation dynamics within cities. In the   the guidelines for better social and ur-    Valencia and Crotone.

COPPEMNEWS                                     26


The reclamation and restoration of the
famous archaeological site of Chellah
(Rabat) is the result of the collaboration
among the University consortium
Archimede, the Ministry of Culture of
Morocco, the Institute of Scientific Re-
search of the University Mohammed V
Souissi and the National Institute of Sci-
ence, Archaeology and Cultural Her-
itage of Morocco (INSAP). The collabo-
ration is specified in the Memorandum
of Agreement signed in mid 2007 among
the above mentioned partners, under the
auspices of the Region Rabat-Salà-Zem-
mour-Zacr, of the Sicily Region (in this
connection it must be highlighted that
the project has been greatly supported by
its president Mr. Cuffaro) and of
Coppem, which has played a key role in
the drawing up of the Agreement.
An action plan has been scheduled for        specialised in the field of restoration and        Kbiri Alaoui, the Curator of the site of
2007-2008 with the aim of enhancing          renovation, Lorenzo Lazzarini a professor          Chellah, Aomar Acherraz, the person in
the site of Chellah on one side and on       at the University of Venice and interna-           charge of the INSAP, and Layla Es-Sadra
the other of increasing collaboration be-    tionally famous petrographer, Enrico               an archaeologist (from Morocco).
tween the University Mohammed V and          Iachello, the Dean of the Faculty of Arts          A role of paramount importance has
the University of Catania (in particular     of the University of Catania, Francesco            been played by the association Lapis and
with the Degree Course in Cultural Her-      Tomasello, an archaeologist, and Eva               by its President, Mr. Sebastiano Di Bella.
itage and the Faculty of Arts). Several      Cantarella a famous expert of Greek and            At the beginning of last December, the
working groups have been organised           Roman Law of the University of Milan               working plan was started (students from
with Italian and Moroccan experts such       (from Italy) and Amina Aouchar of the              the School of Cultural Heritage took al-
as: Francesco Mannuccia, an architect        University Mohammed V, Mohammed                    so part in the operations); Italian and
                                                                                                Moroccan working groups have identi-
                                                                                                fied the priorities of action and the most
                                                                                                appropriate preservation methodologies
                                                                                                to be applied to some artefacts from the
                                                                                                site of Chellah. The second step of the
                                                                                                operative plan, which will last one
                                                                                                month, is scheduled to start by next
                                                                                                May-June 2008. At this stage the work-
                                                                                                ing groups will put into practice knowl-
                                                                                                edge acquired during the first step of the
                                                                                                project. The Agreement for the reclama-
                                                                                                tion and restoration of the site of Chel-
                                                                                                lah has been signed within the frame-
                                                                                                work of a closer cultural and scientific
                                                                                                cooperation between Italy and Morocco
                                                                                                and is an example of the contribution to
                                                                                                dialogue between the two countries.

                                                                                           27                               JANUARY 2008


                                                                                         ters. On this occasion, messages collect-
                                                                                         ed during the events will be showed.
                                                                                         Among the initiatives already planned
                                                                                         for this event, public debates, concerts,
                                                                                         theatre productions with local artists,
                                                                                         food festivals hosting foreign communi-
                                                                                         ties will be organised in order to offer
                                                                                         the audience a cultural and recreational
                                                                                         experience to better understand their
                                                                                         neighbours and arouse their curiosity
                                                                                         about them. The Anna Lindh Founda-
                                                                                         tion has already informed and activated
                                                                                         its members. These are currently 1,600
                                                                                         organisations, Foreign Ministers in its
                                                                                         Council of Governors and Culture Min-
                                                                                         isters from 37 Euro-Mediterranean part-
                                                                                         ner countries. As for Coppem, it has in-
                                                                                         vited all its members to support the
                                                                                         campaign by launching an initiative
                                                                                         within the framework of the Euro-
                                                                                         Mediterranean Dialogue on 22 May
                                                                                         2008. Thanks to technological equip-
                                                                                         ment, each event will be connected
                                                                                         with all the other initiatives taking
                                                                                         place in the 37 Euro-Mediterranean
                                                                                         Partner Countries, giving great visibili-
                                                                                         ty to its hosting city.
                                                                                         Indeed, the Anna Lindh Foundation
                                                                                         and Coppem committed themselves to
                                                                                         increasing the event visibility at inter-
                                                                                         national level, with the general public
                                                                                         and political decision-makers. The ALF
                                                                                         issued a call for tenders for micro-credits
                                                                                         to support initiatives for dialogue within
                                                                                         the campaign. The on-line application
                                                                                         procedure is extremely easy. Deadline
Coppem and the Anna Lindh Euro-              Initiatives to be developed will be dif-    for applications is 31st January 2008.
Mediterranean Foundation for the Dia-        ferent in terms of their size and course    Further information on the call for ten-
logue between Cultures established a         of action, but they will all pave the way   ders is available on the website
partnership to cooperate in the ‘1001        for dialogue and foster knowledge of The ALF Execu-
Actions for dialogue’ campaign. This         and respect for the other. The most vis-    tive Director, Ambassador Lucio Guer-
regional action was launched for 2008,       ible event of this campaign will be the     rato, will participate in the Forum of Eu-
the European year of Intercultural Dia-      Euro-Mediterranean Dialogue Night on        ro-Arab Towns in Dubai where he will
logue, to support a large number of si-      the same date in each of the 37 Euro-       further promote the ‘1001 actions for di-
multaneous actions involving many            Mediterranean partner countries.            alogue’ campaign. For further informa-
people and promoting peaceful coexis-        It will take place on the 22nd May          tion on this initiative, please contact
tence and intercultural dialogue in the      2008, a week before the Euro-Mediter-       our Coppem representative, Mr. Natale
Euro-Mediterranean area.                     ranean Conference of Culture Minis-         Giordano (

COPPEMNEWS                                      28

PRESIDENCY COUNCIL                                                           MEMBERS                                                                      COPPEM
                                                                             Abdelkarim Misbah (TN), Katalin Sabjan (HU), Francisco Iglesias
PRESIDENT: Salvatore Cuffaro (IT)                                            Garcia (ES), Isabelle Compagnie (BE), Lakhdar Haddouch (MA),                 Via E. Amari, 162
                                                                             Waleed Hamad (ANP), Ibrahim Karaosmanogolu (TR), Andris                      90139 Palermo (Italia)
DEPUTY VICE PRESIDENT: Omar Bahraoui (MA)                                    Jaunsleinis (LV), Abbes Mohsen (TN), Mara Scagni (IT), Michele               tel. +39 091.662.22.38
                                                                             Scandroglio (IT), Rachid Alami Talbi (MA), Kiriakos Virvidakis (GR),
VICE PRESIDENTS: Adly Hussein (EG), Andrzey Porawski (PL), Nikolas           Cveta Zalokar Orazoem (SL), Jan Maciej Czajkowski (PL), Hayrettin
Papamikroulis (GR), Nourredine Sbia (DZ), Muzaffer Baca (TR),                Kilic (TR), Mimoune Bouras (DZ), Mohamed Thaminy (DZ), Mohammed              REPRESENTATIVE SEATS
Ghassan Samman (KWT)                                                         Hashem Almasri (ANP), Haitham Al-Hyasat (JO)
SECRETARY GENERAL: Carmelo Motta (IT)                                        4th COMMISSION                                                               Governorate Benha
                                                                             FOR CULTURE, TECHNOLOGY, TOURISM AND ENVIRONMENT                             Kornish El-Nil st.
FOUNDING PRESIDENT: Fabio Pellegrini (IT)                                                                                                                 113111 Egypt
                                                                             PRESIDENT: Falah Al Omoush (JO)                                              tel: 0020.
1st COMMISSION                                                               1ST VICE-PRESIDENT: Keith Whitmore (GB)                            
 POLITICAL AND INSTITUTIONAL                                                 VICE-PRESIDENT: Antonio Cabrita (PT)
                                                                             Speakers: Mustafa Aydin (TR), Viera Krakovska (SK)                           ISRAEL
PRESIDENT: Jan Mans (NL)                                                     Contact person for the Secretariat: Natale Giordano (IT)                     at Red Sea Tourism Administration
1ST VICE-PRESIDENT: Said El Dakkak (EG)                                                                                                                   P.O box 4298
VICE-PRESIDENT: Marc Thoulen (BE)                                            MEMBERS                                                                      Eilat 88,000
Speakers: Toivo Riimaa (EE), Nabil Shawagfeh (JO)                            Falah Al Omoush (JO), Keith Whitmore (UK), Antonio Cabrita (PT),
Contact person for the Secretariat: Francesco Sammaritano (IT)               Sara Akavia (IL), Francisco Caimoto Amaral (PT), Mohamed                     Tel: +972-8-6340253
                                                                             Atouani (MA), Ramon Polo Bernardo (ES), Krzysztof Chromy (PL),               Fax: +972-8-6375729
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(EG), Marc Thoulen (BE), Harrie Jeurissen (NL), Jirí Bytel (CZ),             Kathleen Maher (IE), Catherine McDermott (Nord-Irlanda UK),                  MOROCCO
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                                                                                                                                                          Tel./fax +212 37754294
Shawagfeh (JO), Toivo Riimaa (EE)
                                                                             5TH COMMISSION
2nd COMMISSION                                                               EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES
                                                                                                                                                          At APLA - Association
                                                                                                                                                          of Palestinian local Authorities
                                                                             PRESIDENT: Janine Haddad (FR)
                                                                                                                                                          P.O. Box 3633 Al-Bireh - AL Quds st.
PRESIDENT: Jan Micallef (MT)                                                 1ST VICE-PRESIDENT: Hala Mansor Rahman (EG)
                                                                                                                                                          El Bireh/Ramallah
1ST VICE-PRESIDENT: Mr. Tamer Alhajeh (SY)                                   VICE-PRESIDENT: Gina Fasan (IT)
VICE-PRESIDENT: Jalal Abs (LB)                                               Speakers: Zeynep Karahan Uslu (TR),                                          Tel 00972.22.980601
Speakers: Philippe Sanmarco (FR), Jalal Abs (LB)                             Nikolas Papmikroulis (GR)                                                    Fax 00972.22.980602
Contact person for the Secretariat: Ilia Mazzone (IT)                        Contact person for the Secretariat: Giovanna Cirino (IT)           
                                                                             Experts: Maria Teresa Coppo Gavazzi (IT), Patrizia Dini (IT)
MEMBERS                                                                                                                                                   POLAND
Ian Micallef (MT), Muzzafer Baca (TR), Tamer Alhajeh (SY), Jalal Abs         MEMBERS                                                                      Ul. Robocza 46 a ? 61-517,
(LB), Claudio Basso (IT), Jan Mans (NL), Pierre Wies (LU), Vladimír          Janine Haddad (FR), Lucile Schmid (FR), Hala Mansor Abdul Rahman             Poznan
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                                                                                                                                                          tel: + 48 61 633 50 61
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                                                                                                                                                          INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS OFFICE
Jacques De Grave (BE), Philippe Sanmarco (FR), Mohammed Said El              Philippe Sanmarco (FR), Nikos Papamikroulis (GR), Marc Thoulen (BE),
                                                                                                                                                          ADNAN KAHVECI BULVARI NO:78
Dakkak (EG), Doru Laurian Badulescu (R).                                     Jan Micallef (MT), Ali Abu Ghanimeh (JO), Veronika Krausz (HU),
                                                                                                                                                          BAHCELIEVLER, ISTANBUL
                                                                             Zeynep Karahan Uslu (TR), Saime Yildiz (TR), Samar Bouhairi (LB),
3rd COMMISSION                                                               Latifa Remki (DZ), Hiba-Soraya Belarbi (DZ)                                  TEL: +90 212 441 10 95
FOR THE ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL COOPERATION                                                                                                                WWW.ANADOLUBIL.EDU.TR
                                                                             STANDING GUESTS
PRESIDENT: Abdelkarim Misbah (TN)                                            Sandra Ceciarini (FR), Antonella Cagnolati (FR) Marijke Vanbiervliet
1ST VICE-PRESIDENT: Katalin Sabjan (HU)                                      (IT), Azza Nardini (EG), Claudia Serio (IT), Halima Hadir (MA),
VICE-PRESIDENT: Francisco Iglesias Garcia (ES)                               Giovanna Livreri (IT), Rosalia Schirò (IT), Stefania Toriello (IT), Najoua
Speakers: Jan Maciej Czajkowski (PL), Mimoune Bouras (DZ)                    Mahjoub (TN), Hayet Mrabet (TN), Cristina Stimolo (IT), Ouafae
Contact person for the Secretariat: Paolo Carrara (IT)                       Benfeddoul (MA), Fatiha Bakkali, (MA), Maria Luisa Troja (IT), Fiorella
Experts: Lorenzo Barbera (IT), Alberto Tulumello (IT), Giuseppe Salmé (IT)   Friscia (IT), Isabella Rauti (IT)

Dubai – U.A.E. , 10-11 FEBRUARY 2008

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