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					    Architectural Design +
     School Psychology

      How Design Can Influence
   Students’ Performance, Behavior
             + Well-Being




    Architectural Design +
     School Psychology
• Architectural Elements
  Andrea Powell, Assoc. Architect
  Powell & Partners Architects
• Psychological Aspects
  Deborah L. Blackburn, MA, MFT

• Case Studies
  Roy Grimes, MPA, CGFM
  Peregrine Consultants, LLC
  Sacramento City School Board, President




    Architectural Design +
     School Psychology
• We shape our buildings and they
  shape us.

                            Winston Churchill
     Architectural Design +
      School Psychology
• It is unfortunate, that dignity and freedom of
  thought often depends on the proportions of a
  room, the cheering view out of a window, or a
  certain balance of light and color, so that
  someone who lived all his life in some kind of
  elongated box, then enters a classically
  proportioned chamber one day, finds himself
  inclined to wonder, how much he might have
  lost intellectually only due to the character of
  his living spaces.

                      Christian Morgenstern, in 1906
                        (German poet of anthropologic lyric)




     Architectural Design +
      School Psychology
     Historical School Development:

     • Copies of Military Facilities
     • Copies of Correctional Facilities




     Architectural Design +
      School Psychology
Outer Conditions for Well-Being:
•   Location
•   Shelter, Building Envelope
•   Size + Scale
•   Electrical + Day Lighting
•   HVAC System
•   Acoustics + Noise
•   Furniture + Color
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• Curiosity is the beginning of all
  knowledge.

                                 (Unknown)




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




                     Kindergarten Luginsland,
                     Stuttgart, Germany, 1987
                     Arch. Behnisch & Partners




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




    Odenwald School, Frankfurt, Germany
           Arch. Peter Huebner
     Architectural Design +
      School Psychology




                      Oakland Schools Office +
                      Conference Center,
                      Waterford, Michigan
                      Arch. French Associates, Inc.




     Architectural Design +
      School Psychology
Inner Conditions for Well-Being:

•   Excitement
•   Adaptation
•   Adjustment or Change
•   Stress
•   Distraction
•   Strain or Fatigue




     Architectural Design +
      School Psychology
    For Students’ Well-Being, School
    Buildings Have to Provide:

     • A Feeling of Safety + Care
     • Flexibility of All Spaces
     • A Welcoming, Inviting, Inspiring,
       Open + Warm Atmosphere
     • Value + Pride in the Facility
     • A “Feel Like Home” Experience
      Architectural Design +
       School Psychology




          Miley Achievement Center, Las Vegas
          Arch. JMA Architecture Studios




      Architectural Design +
       School Psychology




       Saint Benno Catholic Secondary School,
    Dresden, Germany, Arch. Behnisch & Partners




      Architectural Design +
       School Psychology




Little Village Academy, Chicago   Hocking College, Student Center
Ross, Barney + Jankowski Arch.    Nelsonville, Ohio
                                  Arch. Moody Nolan, Inc.
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• To be psychologically healthy,
  human beings need to experience
  their natural setting – the setting we
  were designed for, which is the
  garden.

                            Richard Neutra
            (Architect and AIA Gold Medalist)




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




        Corona School, Bell, L.A.
       Arch. Richard Neutra, 1935




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Muenster Parish Preschool, Ingolstadt, Germany
  Arch. Guenter Behnish + Manfred Sabatke
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




                  Waldorf School, Cologne,
                  Arch. Peter Huebner, Germany




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




        The Lovett School, Atlanta
 Arch. Hughes, Good, O’Leary & Ryan, Inc.




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Humming Stone   Pendulum Balls   Spinning Wheel


                      Hugo-Kuekelhaus-School,
                      Wiehl, Germany

Feeling Path
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• I never teach my pupils; I only
  attempt to provide the conditions in
  which they can learn.

                         Albert Einstein




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




   The Ideal Classroom, by Melanie Evans




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




       L-Shaped Classroom Layouts,
            by James A. Dyck
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Geschwister School,       Montessori Primary School,
Luenen, Germany                    Delft, Netherlands
Arch. Hans Scharoun        Arch. Herman Hertzberger




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Strawberry Vale School,
Victoria, British Columbia
Arch. Patkau Associates




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
                          Lakota Plains Junior School,
                          Liberty Township, Ohio
                          Arch. Steed Hammond Paul Inc.




    Daniel Hand High School
        Madison, Connecticut
  Jeter, Cook & Jepson Arch.
Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
Snoezelen-Room, a Multi-Sensory
Interior Environment for:
•   Time-Out
•   Relaxation + Meditation
•   Therapeutic Needs
•   Educational Needs




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology


         Snoezelen




                          Rooms for
                          Well-Being




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology

       Psychological Aspects
    Deborah L. Blackburn, MA, MFT
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• In the beginner’s mind, there are
  many possibilities, but in the expert’s
  there are few.

                       Zen Master Suzuki




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• To be disorientated in space is to be
  psychotic.

                           Edward T. Hall




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




The New Wetherbee School, Lawrence, MA
  Arch. Design Partnership of Cambridge
Architectural Design +
 School Psychology




A Classroom in Need of Modernization




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology




Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Pyramid




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology


  Affective Development

  Behavioral Development

  Cognitive Development
Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
Affective Development
Development Characteristics:
•   Visual Perspectives
•   Spatial Relationships
•   Valuing Life and Property
•   Color Relationships
•   Expressing Emotions Appropriately
•   Following Instructions




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
Affective Development
Learning Goals:
• Ability to Appreciate All Forms of Life
• Ability to Appreciate Balance between
  Built and Natural Environments
• Harmony with Nature




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
Affective Development
Learning Activities:
• Role Playing
• Taking Turns
• Supporting Others in Practice Efforts
    Architectural Design +
     School Psychology
Affective Development
Architectural Support for this Stage:
•   Smaller School Buildings
•   Reduced Class Size (15-20)
•   Natural / Full Spectrum Lighting
•   Adequate Acoustics
•   Indoor / Outdoor Gardens
•   Technologically Friendly Learning Centers
•   Buildings that Resemble Homes, Not Institutions




    Architectural Design +
     School Psychology




                         Englegaard Preschool,
                         Copenhagen, Denmark
                         Arch. Boje Lundgaard +
                         Lene Tranberg




    Architectural Design +
     School Psychology




    Wiesenweg Preschool, Wolfurt, Austria
         Airch. Detrich / Untertrifaller
Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
 Behavioral Development
 Development Characteristics:
 • Cooperation with Others
 • Team Building
 • Personal Satisfaction from
   Accomplishments
 • Relaxation




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
 Behavioral Development
 Learning Goals:
 •   Student’s Ability to Take Direction
 •   Take Turns as Leaders and Followers
 •   Problem Solve
 •   Accept Responsibility for One’s Own
     Action




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
Behavioral Development
Learning Activities:
• Student Interacting Successfully with
  People, Plants and Animals
• Taking Turns in Class Activities
• Supporting Classmates with Kind Words
Architectural Design +
 School Psychology
Behavioral Development
Architectural Support for this Stage:
• Similar to Those Presented in Affective
  Phase
• Construction of Green Houses and
  Animal Habitats
• Construction of Outdoor Area for
  “Adventure Based Leaning”




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology




                      Hugo-Kuekelhaus-School,
                      Wiehl, Germany




Architectural Design +
 School Psychology




       Preschool in Bregenz, Austria
  Arch. Roland Gnaiger + Gerhard Gruber
 Architectural Design +
  School Psychology




Kindergarten Luginsland, Stuttgart, Germany
        Arch. Behnisch & Partners




 Architectural Design +
  School Psychology
 Cognitive Development
 Development Characteristics:
 • Recognition of Things
 • Information Recall
 • Sequencing of Objects and Numbers




 Architectural Design +
  School Psychology
 Cognitive Development
 Learning Goals:
 • Recognizing Shapes and Sizes
 • Remembering Facts
 • Describing Detailed Events
      Architectural Design +
       School Psychology
  Cognitive Development
  Learning Activities:
  • Encompass Reading and Writing
  • Explaining Concepts and Objects to
    Groups
  • Constructing and Deconstructing Objects




      Architectural Design +
       School Psychology
  Cognitive Development
  Architectural Support for this Stage:
  •   Those Points Already Stated
  •   Computer Stations
  •   Science and Math Labs
  •   Larger Spaces for Indoor Learning




      Architectural Design +
       School Psychology




Mapleton Elementary School, Ashland, Ohio
     Buehrer Group Arch. & Eng., Inc.
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
                           Computer Lab + Library,
                           Verde Elementary School,
                           WCC-County
                           Powell & Partners Arch.




Computer Lab, Santa Fe
    Elementary School,
               Oakland
 Powell & Partners Arch.




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




                                 De Koperwiek
                                 Preschool,
                                 Venlo, Holland
                                 Arch. Herman
                                 Hertzberger




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




                           Betlem Preschool,
                           Barcelona, Spain
                           Arch. Xavier Alemany,
                           Lluis Badenas,
                           Jaume Tubertz
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Woodlea Primary School, Bordon, Hampshire
      Hampshire County Architects




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




   Ranelagh Multi-Denominational School,
               Dublin, Ireland
         Arch. O’Donnel + Tuomey




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




 Pokesdown Primary School, Bournemouth
          Arch. Format Milton
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




  University Child Development School,
       Carlson Architects, Seattle




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
                       Shirokane Preschool,
                       Tokyo, Japan




Arch. Atelier Suda




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology

                     For the future of our
                           children!
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology

           Case Studies
     Roy Grimes, MPA, CGFM
    Peregrine Consultants, LLC +
   Sacramento City School Board,
             President




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• Sacramento    City    School   District
  Examples:

 Statistics Show Improvement of
 Students’ Test Scores and Decline
 of Vandalism after Completion of
 Modernization Projects.




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Before                 After

California Middle School, Sacramento
HMR Architects
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Before                After

John Still K-8 School, Sacramento
HMR Architects




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




Before                After

New Technology High School, Sacramento
HMR Architects




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
   • Study on:

     Association of Daylighting in
     Classrooms with Students’
     Performance.


          By Heschong Mahone Group 1999,
                 Rep. PG&E, San Francisco
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
                          Woodlea Primary School,
                          Bordon, Hampshire




Hampshire County Arch.




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
   • Study on:

      School Design Impacts
      upon Cognitive Learning.


               By Franklin Hill + Sarah Cohen,
                           Educational Advisor




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• Study on:

 How Schools are Designed and
 Constructed Affects How Students
 Learn.


                            By Susan Black,
              Education Research Consultant,
         American School Board Journal Editor




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology

   Before




                         Verde Elementary
                         School, WCC-County,
                         Powell & Partners Arch.
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology

  After




                        Verde Elementary
                        School, WCC-County,
                        Powell & Partners Arch.




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
• German Example:

 How Student Participation Can Turn
 into “Share of Responsibility” and
 “Joy in Learning”.


      By Rotraut Walden + Simone Borrelbach,
         Book Release: Schools for the Future




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




                      Gesamtschule Gelsenkirchen,
                      Arch. P. Huebner, Germany
   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology




                                 Student
                                 Participation




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology
Master Planning for Each School Site

• Teacher, Student + Parent Involvement
• Community Involvement - Site Committee
• District Standards for Materials + Quality,
  Educational Spec-Set




   Architectural Design +
    School Psychology

        Questions + Answers

				
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posted:9/3/2012
language:English
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