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WHAT IS CERN

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					                               WHAT IS CERN ?
• Premier scientific laboratory in
the World: Known for                                 CERN site:
groundbreaking scientific                       Next to Lake Geneva
discoveries and innovations like
the world wide web.

•Houses largest and most
complex scientific machine ever
built (- the Large Hadron
Collider), which will enter into
production in less than six
months from the time of this talk.

•Has over the last fifty years;
fostered global scientific
collaborations and knowledge
transfer on scales that are
unprecedented in all of science.


•This talk describes the
contribution and student training
opportunities for the SA research
community in this – the largest
scientific enterprise since the
Moon project.
              Talk presented at DST: 20 March 2009                    1
                                  The LHC Accelerator
LHC Facts:
 • 27 km
 • Depth varies from 50 to 175 m
 • Energy : 450 GeV to 7 TeV
 • >1200 superconducting
   magnets, max 8,36 Teslas !
 • 24 Km of cryostats at 1,9 °K
     •100T Liquid Helium Recycled
     daily
     •60T Liquid Nitrogen daily
                      First beam 10th September 2008




                                                              ALICE Control Room
LHC Control Room


  V0 hits on 10.9.2008, shortly after 9 am




   12/2008 SA J. Schukraft                   3
                                                 SPD hits on 10.9.2008, shortly after 9 am
                  Participation of SA in CERN
 Cape Town in ALICE: currently 6 senior staff + several students
  UCT joined 2001, became UCT-CERN research center in 2003
  iThemba Labs joined in 2008

 Projects
  Dimuon Arm: algorithms for online High Level Trigger (dHLT, commissioned in 2008)
  Grid Computing: Computing Cluster integrated into ALICE GRID
  Physics: Dimuon studies (acceptance, efficiency); W production in pp; ..
             Tromsø

    Bergen
                      Dubna

Heidelberg

                       HLT data challenge: Nov. 2004
                       • Online test on ‘Grid’ !
                       • Test latency tolerance
                       • Run stable for > 15 hours
                       • Rate limited by bandwidth
                       IEEE Trans.Nucl.Sci.55:703,2008.             UCT group 2004
     4         Cape Town                                                      Jammu 2.2008 J. Schukraft
                         The SA-CERN Program


1.   SA CERN started as a
     consortium of
     researchers who had long
     standing research
     program with CERN
           Modeled along the
           Australian, Indian
           and Brazilian
           programs.
              Allows for
                 central point of
                 coordination
                 and resource
                 allocation.
2.    Agreement was that iTL
     would act as a neutral
     institutional hosts for the
     SA-CERN program:
                                   High-level Engagement
•Regular short/medium visits at CERN
 • Inter. Workshop on dimuon physics SA, 2004

•VIP visits
 • Minister Mangena(S&T), June 005
 • Dr Mjwara (DG DST), July 2007
 • M. Shuttleworth, Feb. 2007



 Minister M. Mangena, June 2005                       SA team in ALICE, 2007




     Jammu 2.2008 J. Schukraft                  6
SA could be a potential Gateway to allow access for the continent to CERN
       Constructing the PhD pipeline


• One important NRF strategic objective - PhD as driver (also
        post-docs and academic expertise)
• Foundation for everything we want to achieve in the National
        System of Innovation
• How does our PhD’s pipeline measure up?
PhD production profiles

                                                                       PhD production rates

                                   250.00
                                                                                                                  221
PhD's/year/million of population




                                                                                                 188
                                   200.00

                                                                                  157
                                                                                                        140                         1999
                                   150.00
                                                                                                                                    2000
                                                                         114                                                        2001

                                   100.00                                                                                           2002
                                                                                                                                    2003
                                                                                           53                                  43
                                    50.00
                                                23
                                                        7    10

                                     0.00
                                            South    China    India   Japan    South    Taiwan   UK    USA    Australia   Brazil
                                            Africa                             Korea

                                                                                                                                           9

				
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posted:9/3/2012
language:English
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