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					       The Wild West
I shall not be there. I shall rise and pass.
    Bury my heart at Wounded Knee.
          Stephen Vincent Benet
    The Plains Indian
• By mid-1800s only 150,000
• Many tribes relocated from East
• Adaptation to environment
• Horses, weaponry, guns
• The Buffalo … their destruction
  would spell the DOOM of the
  Indians’ way of life.
     White Man’s Solution
•    1851 Ft. Laramie Treaty
1.   Reservations
2.   Wards of the nation
3.   1865 Civil War ends …
    Indian Wars 1864-90
• 1864 Sand Creek Massacre aka
   Chivington Massacre
• 1874 Gold in the Black Hills
• 1876 Little Big Horn
1. Sioux and Cheyenne
2. George Armstrong Custer
3. Crazy Horse
4. Sitting Bull
Nez Perce and Chief Joseph
• 1877 Northwest
• OO Howard
• Failed escape
• “My heart is sick
and sad. From where
 the sun now stands I will fight no
  more forever.”
Geronimooooooooooo!
         • Southwest
         • Apache
         • 1886
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee
 • 1889 Ghost Dance Cult
 • Visions and invincibility
 • Dec. 1890 Sitting Bull killed
 • Panic leads to escape leads to
   massacre
 • Approx. 300 dead
 • “west is won”
     “white man’s road”
• Assimilation
• Dawes Severalty Act
1. Divvy ups the reservation lands
   between families.
2. Can be a citizen if give up tribal
   ways
• Failure
 Gosh darn they still have too
        much land…
• 1862 Homestead Act
• 1889 Indian Territory
• Oklahoma Land Rush
• 1890 Census declares the frontier
  is closed!

				
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posted:9/3/2012
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