December 21, 1879
•In the West some types of
and the problem plays of
Naturalism and Realism.
•Realism began around 1850
as the Romanticism period
was ending around 1870,
and gave way to the 'isms' of
Modernism in the theatre of
the 20th century.
• Around the 1850’s the hoops became
popular to wear. After having put on the
chemise, corset, and petticoat the 19th
century lady would put on the hoop skirt.
They were usually made out of steel wire
and other materials. A woman always
wore gloves and her bonnet.
• The women of that era were kind of like
the women today, always looking for the
newest fashion at an affordable price.
• The first bustle was worn.
• A man was always seen wearing the best attire.
He would wear his wool evening tail coat or
Double breasted suit with a charming top hat.
The suits sported wide lapels during the early
Victorian Period. Their shirts were made of linen
• The females mostly wore bright colors like blues,
orange, pink, green, purple. The men wore dark
colors like gray, blue, and black.
Henrik Ibsen was
born on March
20,1828 and passed
away on May
• Henrik was major 19th-century Norwegian
playwright, theatre director, and poet.
• He is often referred to “the god father”
• He is one of the founders of Modernism in
• Henrik’s work examined the realities that
lay behind many facades, possessing a
revelatory nature that was disquieting to
• A Doll’s House is an 1879 play by Henrik Ibsen. The
play was Ibsen's first one that he created sensation
and it is now considered to be his most famous play. It
is recommended to be read in most schools and
• The play was controversial when first published, as it is
sharply critical of 19th century marriage norms. It
follows the formula of well-made play up until the
final act, when it breaks convention by ending with a
discussion, not an unraveling. It is often called the first
true feminist play.
The play is also an important work
of the naturalist movement, in
which real events and situations
are depicted on stage in a
departure from previous forms
such as romanticism. The
influence of the play was
recognized by UNESCO in 2001
when Henrik Ibsen's autographed
manuscripts of A Doll's House
were inscribed on the Memory of
the World Register in recognition
of their historical value.