Sinusitis _Rhinosinusitis_.pdf

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Helpful information provided by the Department of Emergency Medicine

                              Sinusitis (Rhinosinusitis)
 You have an acute (sudden) sinus infection. This is called sinusitis. It is frequently caused by a virus;
 antibiotics usually will not speed recovery.

 These infections commonly result from obstruction of the openings that drain your sinuses. Sinuses are air
 pockets within the bones of your face. This blockage results in your sinuses' inability to drain. This leads to
 infection. If the sinusitis is prolonged it can turn into a bacterial infection and your doctor may have written
 for an antibiotic in this case.

 There will be different areas of pain depending on which sinuses have become infected. The infected sinus
 may have overlying areas of pain. The maxillary sinuses often produce pain beneath the eyes. Frontal
 sinusitis causes pain in the middle of the forehead and above the eyes. Other symptoms (problems) are
 back upper toothaches and purulent (colored, pus-like) discharge from the nose. Any inflammation
 (soreness), warmth, or tenderness over these same areas are signs of infection.

 You may also have been given a decongestant. Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) or diphenhydramine
 (Benadryl) are effective to relieve nasal congestion, and can help reduce sinus pressure and pain. X-rays
 sometimes are taken of sinuses, but are not usually necessary.

 Take ibuprofen (Advil® or Motrin®), acetaminophen (Tylenol®), or both if you develop chills or fever. Ask
 your caregiver about over-the-counter medications you may be taking and if you should continue them.
 Should you develop other problems not relieved by your medications, see your caregiver or visit
 the Emergency Department.

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