Docstoc

Layout 1 _Page 1_

Document Sample
Layout 1 _Page 1_ Powered By Docstoc
					          Opening markets to
         Finger Lakes farmers
by Jennifer Wagester                          While the addition greatly expanded
  GENEVA, NY — On May 8, the last of       the elevator’s storage capacity, at har-
66 rail cars were loaded with locally      vest time one of the new bins was filled
grown soybeans bound for Fayetteville,     in five days and the other filled a cou-
NC. The loading took place at the          ple weeks later. Selling soybeans local-
Lansing Trade Group grain handling         ly was a popular option for farmers.
facility that is located just north of     They were able to truck soybeans from
Geneva, NY, on Route 14. Exporting         the field to Lansing’s storage bins,
grain to out-of-state markets on a large   eliminating holding costs and reducing
scale is a first for New York farmers.     transportation expenses.
However, Lansing Trade Group staff            In previous years, markets for soy-
predicts it will become the new norm       beans were limited. Farmers had to
as out-of-state and international mar-     truck their grain to elevators in
kets open to farmers in the Finger         Pennsylvania or to the New Jersey
Lakes region.                              shore for export. They now can sell
  The elevator was purchased by            soybeans in their hometown. Lansing
Lansing from Austic Grain in 2011.         Trade Group then arranges the logis-
Bruce Austic, a local, long-time farmer    tics for marketing the grain to buyers
had used the elevator to dry and store     looking for large scale units. The
grain produced on his 8,000-acre           Fayetteville bound soybeans are being
farm. The 130,000 bushel facility was      purchased by Cargill to make soybean
about 25 miles from his fields. By sell-   meal for animal feeds. Soybeans that
ing the elevator, Austic Grain could       travel to China through the North
expand grain handling at a closer loca-    Bergen, New Jersey, port often are
tion in Ovid, NY, while improving          made into tofu.
neighboring      farmers’     marketing       Rick Woodard, the elevator manager,
options. It was a win-win situation that   says the support of the farmers and
has positively impacted Finger Lakes       the community is the main reason for
agriculture and the community.             the Geneva elevator’s success. New
  Upon acquisition, Lansing under-         construction can be challenging.
took facility expansion. A.N. Martin       When things didn’t work right, neigh-
Grain Systems was hired to build two       boring farmers and businesses
250,000 bushel bins to bring total         pitched in to help, even on Sunday if
storage capacity to 630,000 bushels.       needed. Recently, L yon Farm in
                                                                                       From left to right: Steve Van Voorhis, President of the NY Corn and Soybean Growers
Construction started in June and the       Lyons, NY, and Dendis Sand and
                                                                                       Association, Donald “Skip” Jensen, Senior Field Advisor for Farm Bureau NY, and
bins were ready to receive grain in        Gravel of Phelps, NY, loaned trucks to
                                                                                       Dick Demaske, Grain Merchant at Lansing Trade Group's Auburn office, review rail car
October. Allen Martin and his son          the elevator at a critical time. Rick and
                                                                                       loading.
Jason headed up the project.               the elevator staff are especially grate-
                                                                                                                                                 Photos by Jennifer Wagester
                                           ful for their contributions.
                                              Rick has been working at the eleva-        Lansing Trade Group started out as          Lansing Trade Group’s revenues
                                           tor for the past seven years. He grew       Lansing Grain Company in 1931 with          have grown 881 percent in the last
                                           up on a farm and worked for Bruce           Lyle Marshall and Ray Myers at the          eight years. In 2011, the company’s
                                           Austic for 26 years. When the elevator      helm. The company was based in              revenue was $6 billion. Lansing trades
                                           changed ownership, he decided to            Lansing, Michigan, and steadily grew        more than 50 different agricultural
                                           stay. He oversaw loading of the rail        as Lyle Marshall’s children joined the      commodities and commodity by-prod-
                                           cars, putting in long hours and             business and expanded its operations.       ucts, including energy products such
                                           addressing challenges that arose.           In 1995, an office was established in       as ethanol, natural gas, and propane.
                                              When the facility is operating at 100    Overland Park, Kansas, and Bill             Nationwide, Lansing has 29 million
                                           percent efficiency, it will take about 18   Krueger was added to the leadership         bushels of grain storage space and
                                           minutes to load a 3,750 bushel rail car     team. Since that time, Lansing has          operates ten offices along with two
                                           from the elevator’s continuous bulk         expanded its services and facilities to     offices in Canada and an office in
                                           weigher. The cars are loaded in eight-      become a trading force in the global        Geneva, Switzerland. The company is
                                           car units. Once full, they travel to the    market.                                     headquartered in Overland Park, KS.
                                           Finger Lakes Railway freight yard in
                                           Geneva, NY, to await the remaining
                                           cars. The 66 cars of soybeans will
                                           eventually be combined to travel to
                                           Fayetteville as one train that is about
                                           three quarters of a mile long.
                                              Bill Krueger, President and CEO of
                                           Lansing Trade Group, traveled from
                                           Lansing’s main office in Overland
                                           Park, KS, to the Geneva elevator for
                                           the final day of rail car loading.
                                           Farmers, agricultural association rep-
                                           resentatives, local government offi-
                                           cials, Finger Lakes Railway represen-
                                           tatives, and Lansing staff met with him
                                           during his visit. Bill outlined the
                                           progress that has been made in
                                           expanding the elevator and talked
                                           about future opportunities for local
                                           farmers and the community. Lansing
                                           anticipates continuing to grow the
                                           Geneva elevator in both storage capac-
                                           ity and related services. The nearby
                                                                                       Bill Krueger (far right), President and CEO of Lansing Trade Group, talks with farmers,
                                           Auburn, NY, office will maintain
The continuous bulk weigher weighs                                                     agricultural association representatives, local government officials, Finger Lakes
                                           important connections to north and
soybeans as they are loaded into the                                                   Railway representatives, and Lansing staff about future opportunities for the Geneva
rail car.
                                           south eastern markets.                      elevator and Finger Lakes community.
                   Give her a rest
by Sally Colby                               of 28 to 55 percent of cows,” he said,
  “Cows are busy girls…they have lots        “with lying times between 10.5 and 11
of things to do.”                            hours/day in freestall or drylot facili-
  That’s what Dr. Nigel Cook, who            ties. This leads to hock abrasions and
manages the Cow Comfort and Well-            other problems.”
Being program at the University of              A more ideal situation is for cows to
Wisconsin School of Veterinary               have 12 hours of resting (lying) time.
Medicine, says about cows. Cook is           “They need additional resting time to
interested in how cows spend their           compensate for the increased exposure
time because that time budget is             to concrete in alleyways and other
directly related to lameness, which          barn areas,” said Cook. “In a grazing
impacts production.                          situation, 10 hours of rest a day for a
  Cook compares the pastured cow to          grazing cow is acceptable. Do they
the cow that’s in a freestall or tie stall   choose to rest less because they don’t
barn. “The grazing cow’s time budget         need to, or is it because they’re so busy
involves mostly resting — about 10           eating that they don’t have time?”
hours or less per day,” he said. “The        Cook says that he doesn’t know the
rest is eating — a grazing cow will typ-     answer to that question, but says that
ically spend eight hours a day chomp-        it doesn’t look good if cows in freestall
ing away at foliage. That’s a lot of         systems average only 10 hours of rest
time.”                                       per day.
  In a freestall barn, when the cow             Research done in Minnesota showed
isn’t lying down, she’s standing in a        that the amount of time out of the pen
stall. However, the cow is exposed to        for milking was associated with
concrete in alleys and transfer lanes.       increased lameness. “Herds managing
“Standing on concrete is hard on             cows with smaller parlors and larger        Cows in freestall housing have improved hock scores, less lameness and higher
cows,” said Cook. “Their feet weren’t        groups and haven’t invested in parlor       production when stalls are comfortable.
designed for that. As a consequence,         through-put efficiency see more lame-                                                                   Photo by Sally Colby
we see lameness.” The freestall cow’s        ness,” said Cook. “For the non-lame         dominant cows give up the stall.”        they have a longer resting ‘bout’ before
time budget involves a big chunk of          cow, we have to get it done in three          The bottom line is that stall comfort they have to change position.
lying time, but eating is greatly            hours — one hour per milking. When          — from the cow’s perspective — must        “If we want about 12 hours of rest
reduced; from eight hours to about           there’s more than three hours out of        be improved. “If we’re going to improve per day, we’re shooting for about a
four hours. Cook says that the cow           the pen, we lose lying time. The cow        stall comfort to persuade cows to go in dozen of these bouts a day. What we
should be able to ‘use’ that extra time      has to eat, socialize and drink — that’s    and rest for 12 hours a day,” said see in sand herds is fewer bouts
for rest, but that isn’t always the case.    where we lose time.”                        Cook, “the most important thing we because each bout is longer. In mat-
“When the cow isn’t lying down, she’s           Stocking density also plays a role in    need to do is fix stall comfort and sur- tress herds, the bouts are shorter and
often standing on concrete,” he said. “I     resting time. “Cows can’t get 12 hours      face.” Cook referred to a study done at cows have more of them. There’s a dif-
think we need to reduce that.”               of rest in a situation where there aren’t   the university that measured resting ference in the way animals are getting
  Cook referenced a study conducted          enough stalls,” said Cook. “With more       behavior. “Resting behavior is different those hours of rest. Does it matter? If
on dairies in British Columbia,              cows than stalls, cows are battling for     on sand and mattresses,” he said. “On you’re a young, fit heifer, getting up
California, New York and Pennsylvania        stalls — trying to enter a stall that’s     a softer surface, cows lie down for and down is pretty easy. I think it mat-
that examined the relationship               occupied, then leaving for a while, tak-    longer. It’s the wooden chair/La-Z-Boy ters if you’re older and stiffer.” Cook
between housing and lameness.                ing a drink, then returning to try          effect. You’re going to fidget less in a added that when cows must get up
“Lameness problems (cows walking             again. In crowded situations, subordi-      La-Z-Boy than on the kitchen chair.” additional times in a day, the conse-
with a noticeable limp) are in the range     nate cows can only get into stalls when     Cook says that cows are the same — quence is loss of total resting time.


                Poverty Hill Farms
by Katie Navarra                             ing,” he said, “in theory we can bring
  Every calf born at Poverty Hill Farms      them back into the herd 25-30 days
in Albion, NY, has access to a “straw”       earlier (than when they were fed
to the milk tank. “We are providing          grain).”
milk free choice to all the calves,” Jody         A family's passion for dairy
Neal, third generation partner at the          When Jody's grandfather, Franklin
farm, said. The newly built calf barn        Neal, founded the farm, there were
includes a main line pipe that circu-        three or four dairies within two miles.
lates milk to each of the smaller pens       Today, Poverty Hill Farms is the only
within the barn.                             dairy on the road. “Depending on the
  Bottle nipples attached to the main        crowd we are standing in, we can say
milk line are mounted inside the pens        we are the biggest or the smallest dairy
allowing the calves to consume as            in the area,” Jody said.
much milk as they desire. On average           In 1956 Franklin started modestly,
the calves guzzle nearly two gallons of      relying on 16 cows and 90 acres of
milk per day. “Some people can't get         land. “He had polio as a kid and didn't
over feeding that much milk to a calf,”      have much use of his left hand. It
Jody said, “but that is the way Mother       made it tougher to do the things he
Nature originally created the system.”       needed to do, but you never heard him
  While the direct cost of feeding milk      complain,” Jody explained.
compared with grain is more costly,            Eight years later, Franklin's son, Ed
Neal has experienced increased effi-         (Jody's father), was faced with the
ciency in caring for the calves. “Now we     decision to attend college or stay home
are using skilled labor to look at the       and help turn the farm around. “The
calves and care for them rather than         farm was in a tough situation. He
dragging bottles and pellets to each         decided to stay home and went into
hut,” he said, “it is working well and       partnership with his father,” Jody said.
has caught a lot of attention.”              When Ed entered the partnership the
  Milk fed calves can be weaned 25           herd doubled to 32 cows.
days earlier than grain fed calves and         Shortly after joining the partnership,
they tend to be stockier. “It will be        Ed officially named the farm Poverty
interesting to see their production          Hill. “After my parents got married         Managing Poverty Hill Farms takes the effort of an entire team. Shown, left to right,
when they get back into the herd milk-                                                   are Jody Neal, Ed Neal and James Neal.
                                                                   Poverty Hill A4                                                     Photo courtesy of Poverty Hill Farms
                                                                                               meaning “the current                           is established, the owner
                                                                                               fair market value of a                         of the trees cut will be
                                                                                               tree as it stands prior to                     entitled to three times
                                                                                               the time of the sale, cut-                     the amount of that value
                                                                                               ting, or removal.” RPAPL                       unless the defendant
                                                                                               § 861(3) provides that                         proves, by clear and con-
                                                                                               the stumpage value is to                       vincing evidence, that at
                                                                                               be determined by refer-                        the time the trees were
                                                                                               ence to one or more                            cut he or she (1) had
by Jay Girvin, Esq., Girvin                    RPAPL § 861, a person                           specified        methods,                      good cause to believe        the value of the trees       cally allowing a success-
& Ferlazzo. P.C. Albany,                       who “cuts, removes,                             including “the sale price                      that the land was his or     cut, RPAPL § 861 also        ful owner to recover from
New York                                       injures or destroys” trees                      of a tree in an arm’s-                         her own, (2) had an ease-    allows an owner to seek      the defendant “reason-
  Q. In the course of                          on the land of another,                         length sale, a review of                       ment or right of way         “reparations” of “such       able costs associated
clearing his property, my                      without the owner’s con-                        solicited     bids,    the                     across such land that        kind, nature, and extent     with maintaining an
neighbor crossed our                           sent, may be held liable                        stumpage price report                          permitted the actions, or    as    will    reasonably     action pursuant to this
common boundary line                           for up to “treble the                           prepared by NYSDEC,                            (3) otherwise had a legal    restore the lands affect-    section,” which would
and also cut down a                            stumpage value of the                           comparison with like                           right to harvest such        ed by the violation to       include an award of rea-
number of trees on my                          tree or timber or two-                          sales on state or private                      land. It is not enough for   their condition immedi-      sonable attorneys’ fees
land. What damages are                         hundred fifty dollars per                       lands, or other appropri-                      a defendant to simply        ately before the violation   and court costs. Such
available?                                     tree, or both and for any                       ate means to assure that                       establish a mistaken         and may be made by           out-of-pocket expenses
  A. Under New York                            permanent and substan-                          a fair market value is                         belief that he or she        physical restoration of      are generally not recov-
common law, damages                            tial damage caused to                           established within an                          owned the land — there       such lands and/or by         erable in a common law
for injury to property are                     the land or the improve-                        acceptable range based                         must also be “good           assessment of monetary       property damage case,
generally limited to the                       ments thereon as a                              on the appropriate geo-                        cause” for that belief.      payment to make such         even to a winning party.
amount of “actual” dam-                        result of such violation.”                      graphic area.” The bur-                        Even where the defense       restoration.” Such repa-       Trees are a valuable
ages sustained, consist-                       RPAPL § 861 therefore                           den of proving the                             is established, however,     rations would therefore      natural resource, from
ing of either the amount                       modifies the common                             stumpage value is on the                       the defendant is never-      include the cost of new      an economic as well as
by which the market                            law in three significant                        owner, and it may be                           theless liable for proven    saplings to replace the      an environmental per-
value of the property has                      respects.                                       necessary to offer the                         stumpage            value    trees cut, as well as the    spective. RPAPL § 861
decreased or the cost of                         First, in certain cir-                        testimony of an expert to                      (although not trebled)       reasonable value of the      seeks to promote and
restoration, whichever is                      cumstances, the statute                         establish the value. As                        and/or the statutory         labor to plant them. As      protect that economic
less. New York’s Real                          permits an owner to                             an alternative to proving                      value of $250 per tree.      with stumpage value, the     value by providing a
Property Actions and                           recover as damages an                           the stumpage value, an                           Second, the statute        costs of restoration may     strong deterrent to those
Proceedings           Law                      amount greater than his                         owner may instead rely                         permits an owner to          require testimony from       who might cut and
(RPAPL), however, pro-                         or her actual damages —                         on the $250 per tree                           recover separate dam-        an expert.                   remove trees located on
vides a special rule of                        that is, treble or triple                       statutory        amount,                       ages for the cost of           Finally, RPAPL § 861       the lands of another,
damages in cases of                            the stumpage value of                           although that amount is                        restoring the property. In   modifies New York’s          whether intentionally or
trees cut from another                         the     trees   removed.                        not subject to a treble                        addition to up to triple     common law by specifi-       through carelessness.
person’s property with-                        “Stumpage value” is                             award.
out permission. Under                          defined in the statute as                         If the stumpage value                        Poverty Hill from A3
                                                                                                                                              they wanted to build a house,” Jody        James works specifically with the
                                                                                                                                              said, “the real estate agent asked if      equipment and cropping and the
                                                  Country Folks                                                                               they were going to build it on one of
                                                                                                                                              those poverty pinnacles. My dad got
                                                                                                                                                                                         youngest brother, Jeremy, specializes
                                                                                                                                                                                         in construction projects.
                                                               Western Edition                                                                joking about it and decided that the          Responsibility for the herd falls to
                                                                         U.S.P.S. 482-190
                                                                                                                                              name for the farm should be Poverty        Jody. “To be entrusted with handling
                 Country Folks (ISSN0191-8907) is published every week on Monday by                                                           Hill.”                                     this many animals is an honor and a
               Lee Publications, PO Box 121, 6113 St. Hwy. 5, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428.
            Periodical postage paid at Palatine Bridge Post Office, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428.                                                   Throughout the 1970s the farm           blessing,” Jody explained, “a lot of
                            Subscription Price: $47 per year, $78 for 2 years.                                                                expanded steadily. By the late 1980s       people say they can't understand how
                                                                                                                                              Franklin was ready to retire and           we manage it all. But it is a gift of the
POSTMASTER: Send address change to Country Folks West, P.O. Box 121, 6113 St. Hwy. 5, Palatine                                                James, Jody's older brother, graduat-      Lord to work with the animals.”
Bridge, NY 13428. 518-673-2448.
Country Folks is the official publication of the Northeast DHIA, N.Y. State FFA, N.Y. Corn Growers                                            ed from the BOCES Diesel Mechanics            The farm employs 11 workers
Association and the N.Y. Beef Producers.                                                                                                      program and took Franklin's place in       including full-time, part-time and sea-
Publisher, President ....................Frederick W. Lee, 518-673-0134                                                                       the partnership. Ed and James con-         sonal help. The family strives to create
V.P., Production................................Mark W. Lee, 518-673-0132............................ mlee@leepub.com                         tinued adding to the herd in anticipa-     a family atmosphere so that workers
V.P., General Manager....................Bruce Button, 518-673-0104........................ bbutton@leepub.com
Managing Editor............................Joan Kark-Wren, 518-673-0141................. jkarkwren@leepub.com
                                                                                                                                              tion of Jody joining the farm partner-     can enjoy coming to work. “Everybody
Assistant Editor.................................Gary Elliott, 518-673-0143......................... cfeditor@leepub.com                      ship upon graduation from the Animal       that comes to work here enjoys it. If
Page Composition...........................Alison Swartz, 518-673-0139...................... aswartz@leepub.com                               Science program at Cornell University      they are not enjoying it anymore we
Comptroller......................................Robert Moyer, 518-673-0148....................... bmoyer@leepub.com                          in 1996.                                   encourage them to look for work before
Production Coordinator.................Jessica Mackay, 518-673-0137.................... jmackay@leepub.com
                                                                                                                                                 Currently, there are 550 cows in the    it comes to be miserable,” he said.
Classified Ad Manager.....................Peggy Patrei, 518-673-0111.................... classified@leepub.com
Shop Foreman ................................................................................................................. Harry Delong   herd and milking takes place three            Though their children are still
Palatine Bridge, Front desk ....................518-673-0160                                          Web site: www.leepub.com                times a day. The herd average is           young, Jody's four children and
Accounting/Billing Office .......................518-673-0149                                                   amoyer@leepub.com             27,000 pounds per cow and the milk         James' two children can often be
Subscriptions ..........................................888-596-5329                                  subscriptions@leepub.com                produced is sold to the Upstate Farms      found at the farm helping out. “It is a
                            Send all correspondence to:                                                                                       Co-Op.                                     blessing to work on a farm. I can grab
             PO Box 121, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428 • Fax (518) 673-2381                                                                                    A team effort                 my daughter and son and bring them
                      Editorial email: jkarkwren@leepub.com
                                                                                                                                                 Managing any farm requires the          to work with me. It has been really fun
                     Advertising email: jmackay@leepub.com
                                                                 Ad Sales                                                                     skills and efforts of an entire team.      taking the kids up to the calf barn and
Bruce Button, Corporate Sales Mgr ........Palatine Bridge, NY.........................................518-673-0104                            “We all seem to complement one             letting them run around,” Jody con-
                                                         Territory Managers                                                                   another as far as skills go,” Jody said.   cluded.
Patrick Burk ...................................................Batavia, NY ................................................585-343-9721
Tim Cushen ...............................................Schenectady, NY ...........................................518-346-3028
Ian Hitchener ................................................Bradford, VT ..............................................518-210-2066
Mark Whitbread..........................................Skaneateles, NY................................... ..........315-317-0905
                                                                                                                                                      Photo credit correction noted
                                                   Ad Sales Representatives
Jan Andrews ..........................................Palatine Bridge, NY ..........................................518-673-0110                The article on “Got Property” in         the wind power poster which should
Laura Clary ............................................Palatine Bridge, NY ......................................... 518-673-0118            Country Folks the week of May 14, on       have been credited to Sonja Hedlund,
Dave Dornburgh ....................................Palatine Bridge, NY ..........................................518-673-0109                 page A-3, included a photo showing         not article writer Judy Van Put.
Steve Heiser ..........................................Palatine Bridge, NY ..........................................518-673-0107
Tina Krieger ...........................................Palatine Bridge, NY ..........................................518-673-0108
Sue Thomas .........................................suethomas1@cox.net ..........................................949-305-7447
We cannot GUARANTEE the return of photographs. Publisher not responsible for typographical errors. Size, style of
                                                                                                                                               Cover photo by Sally Colby
type and locations of advertisements are left to the discretion of the publisher. The opinions expressed in this publi-
cation are not necessarily those of the publisher. We will not knowingly accept or publish advertising which is fraud-                         The freestall cow’s time budget involves a big chunk of
ulent or misleading in nature. The publisher reserves the sole right to edit, revise or reject any and all advertising with
or without cause being assigned which in his judgement is unwholesome or contrary to the interest of this publica-                             lying time, but eating is greatly reduced; from eight hours
tion. We assume no financial responsibility for typographical errors in advertisement, but if at fault, will reprint that
portion of the ad in which the error appears.                                                                                                  to about four hours.
For complete weekly ag news for the
Mid-Atlantic and New England areas

          Subscribe to

    Country Folks
        Phone: 800-218-5586
 E-mail: subscriptions@leepub.com
           One year ~ $47
           Two years ~ $78

Digital and print versions available.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:10
posted:9/3/2012
language:English
pages:4