Job hunting guide by egyptcorner


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									Job Hunting

        Le Moyne College
    Office of Career Services
         344 Reilly Hall
       Syracuse, NY 13214
             (rev. 4/09)


Job hunting is something that most of us have to do several times over our
working lives. Only if you are very lucky will it be quick and easy. For example, a
small percentage of college students (well below 10%) find a job before
graduation through companies that visit campuses. The other 90% of college
students have to look farther and longer. Finding a good job usually takes time
and effort. In the best job market conditions, only 50% or so of a graduating
class has job offers before graduation. In a tighter job market, the majority of
graduates will be job hunting for months beyond graduation.

While job hunting is not an exact science, information about job hunting
approaches and strategies can be usefully applied. By reading and following this
guide it is our hope that you will become a more effective job hunter. And if you
are a more effective job hunter, you could very well get a BETTER JOB and

Because most people have multiple jobs over their career, it is wise for
individuals to acquire job hunting knowledge and skills. It is said that it’s not the
best worker that gets the job, but the best job hunter!

In this guide, we are going to cover the following:

1.   Basic Principles of Job Hunting
2.   Approaches to & Resources for Job Hunting
3.   Suggested Steps to Take
4.   General Tips


As we see it, the following are inescapable truths of job hunting that you should
keep in mind.

1. Job hunting can be hard work and it almost always takes longer than
you want it to. Some people spend 20, 30, even 40 hours a week job hunting. It
can be helpful to think of job hunting as a part-time (or full-time) job. Furthermore,
no one can do it for you. Others might help, but the bottom line is it’s your
responsibility and you are in charge. Inexperienced job hunters don’t know all
that they can do and they generally use a limited number of job search
strategies. In this guide we will try to coach you to be more effective in your job
search, but you the job hunter have to do the leg work.

2. Job hunters who have one or more specific ideas about the kind of work
they want to do (i.e. focus) are much better off than those who do not. This
can be hard if you are relatively inexperienced and just graduating from college.
It is still possible to have some focus. A person with 5 different specific job
interests is better off than a person with no particular ideas or a vague job
objective. Not only will one or more specific objectives make you a more effective
job hunter, it will also increase the chances of getting a job you’ll like. What we
are referring to here is FOCUS. It means concentrating your time, attention and
efforts like a magnifying glass concentrates light. Also, those who interview and
hire are much more impressed with candidates who are focused. This does not
mean you have to know exactly what you want to do for THE REST OF YOUR
LIFE – as students sometimes say. It means having one or more SPECIFIC
IDEAS of things that may interest you career-wise as starting places for your
lifetime career journey!

3. Location, location, location. Where are you looking for a job
(geographically) makes a big difference. If you are looking to catch a really big
fish, you may have to go to the ocean. Also, some fishing spots are better than
others. Whether you relocate or not, is up to you. Just appreciate that
opportunities vary greatly from region to region and between small and major

4. Making and following a job hunting plan can make you more effective.
Getting a job is often a process of doing a lot of little things. Researching,
conducting information interviews, joining groups and following up on
applications can all prove very helpful. Just as in baseball, not all runs are
scored by home runs; job hunting success is not just swinging for the fence each
time. A number of small steps often lead to interviews and then job offers. It
really is a project that can be better tackled with a plan.

5. Distinguish between your shorter-term and longer-term objectives.
Sometimes it can take a little while to achieve some degree of career focus. (As
we discussed in item #2 above.) Often it takes a few to several months to obtain
a desirable full-time job. So what should you do if your goal is to get a desirable
full-time job and you need income right away? Perhaps you may want to try and
get a short-term job to hold you over, or maybe a part-time job at which you work
evenings or weekends. You may be able to get some temporary work through a
temporary employment agency. It is important to leave time to job search and
interview during regular business hours. It is also very important not to confuse a
search for a shorter-term, immediate income oriented job from a longer term job
search that will take a more deliberate and strategic job search approach.

Back to Introduction                                          Next Section

A. BASIC APPROACH - Respond to Advertised Openings

This is relatively easy. Everyone knows about large commercial job posting
websites such as Monster and CareerBuilder. Some of these sites such as
CollegeGrad Hunter and NACELink are geared specifically to recent college
graduates. They are easy to use and almost always free to job seekers. Many
allow job seekers to post their resumes. Rarely will a typical recent college
graduate job seeker be sought out by an organization for a GOOD QUALITY
job opportunity. “Hits” on college grad resumes tend to be tied to jobs that
most grads do not find very appealing. It is a mistake to post your resume
and wait for good jobs to come to you!! We recommend that you actively
search these sites for openings rather than post your resume and wait to be
contacted about an opportunity.

* There are tens of thousands of job posting sites. The ones listed below
represent some but certainly not all of the sites that you might use.

LMC Career Services:

Major College Grad Sites:
NACE Link:
True Careers
College Central/Student Central:
College Grad Job Hunter:
The Black Collegian:

Major Commercial Sites
Monstertrak: (Monster’s entry-level jobs)
Career Builder:
Hot Jobs:
Craig’s List:
NY Job Exchange:
Job Central:
CNY Sites:
Essential NY
Davinci Jobs:

There are also websites for the classified ads of most newspapers. Once you
identify one or more cities that interest you, you should check the job
classifieds associated with those cities’ newspapers.

Newsaper Sites:
U.S. Newspapers List

You may be able to obtain some job leads from other College’s Career
Centers. Most colleges will allow students from other schools to attend their
job fairs. Also. Some colleges will allow other students to access their job
posting database. See a Career Services Office advisor if you need help with
this. You can begin by identifying colleges in you target areas through the
site below.

College Search Site:

Jobs leads can also be found through industry or career-focused web sites.
There are way too many of these to list but some of the ones below will give
you an idea of what to look for.

Industry / Career Sites (Examples):
Science Careers (science)
New Scientist   (science)
Broadcast Career Link (broadcasting)
Book Jobs       (publishing)
American Marketing Association Job Source
USA Jobs        (federal government)
NYS Jobs        
Directory of Resources for Teaching Jobs
K-12 Job Banks 
Idealist        (not-for-profit) - NY Resources & Sites:
             - Job Resources in the U.S. by State:

Comprehensive Directories of Job Sites:
Riley Guide


Only a small percentage of available jobs (probably less than 10%) are
advertised on commercial web sites. So if you limit your applications to
advertised positions on Monster and Career Builder, you could be missing a
lot of opportunities. What this means is you should conduct research on
“employers of interest” - places that employ people doing what you want to
do. This will require that you identify one or more types of jobs that interest
you or “job objectives” as they are often referred to on resumes. Some
resources that can help you identify potential employers can be found in the
CSO Career Library.
- Chamber of Commerce Guides
- Book of Lists
- “Job Guide” type Directories (See Career Services)
- NACE Job Choices Magazines

Of course the web contains a vast amount of employer information. Some
sites that can be very helpful in researching and identifying all kinds of
employers are below.

Employer / Company Resources:
Companies by State:
Riley Guide How To Research Employers:
Job Hunters Bible Company Research:
U.S. Department of Education, a searchable directory of schools:
NYS School Districts Directory:

Once you have your own list of “employers of interest”, go to their web sites
and look for job postings. If you do not see a job posted but have interest in
the organization, try to send a resume or find an employee you can meet with
for general employment information.

Consider contacting employment agencies for referrals to employers with
TEMPORARY or in some instances, ongoing employment opportunities.

   Meeting professionals, particularly those in your area of interest (and them
   meeting you) can be very helpful. Word-of-mouth information plays a powerful
   role in both job filling and job finding. Also, experienced professionals in your
   field of interest can give you insights into how people get hired in their field,
   where to meet others, companies or organizations that might be hiring, what
   managers look for in applicants, etc. Lastly, if someone meets you in person,
   it will usually get you further than a piece of paper on their desk would (i.e.
   your resume), if and when a job opening occurs. For these reasons, every job
   hunting counselor in the world will tell you that “ networking” i.e. -meeting
   professionals in your career area of interest - is an extremely helpful step in
   job hunting.

   Where do you find these professionals? Start with professionals both in your
   field of interest as well as in other lines of work. Those in other lines of work
   MAY know people who do what you are interested in. There are several
   places to look. Here are some ideas.
   - Friends of your parents
   - Parents of your friends
   - Neighbors
   - Le Moyne alumni
   - Internship or work connections
   - Professors
   - Service providers and other professionals (the family – dentist, accountant,
   insurance agent, barber/beautician, lawyer, or priest):
   - Group affiliations (school alumni, church members, and professional
   organizations). Don’t forget online networking sites like Facebook.

   Also check out:
   Gotta Mentor
   Professional Associations:

   It can be intimidating contacting people and asking for their time or help. Keep
   in mind that these people were all in your shoes at one time, ie. recently
   graduated or in between jobs. If you approach your call or meeting with them
   in a thoughtful way, most people will be glad to help however they can. Your
   approach should essentially say to them “I respect your knowledge and
   experience in __________. Can you give me advice and information that
   can help me with my job search and getting started in ________?”
   Make an appointment with a Career Services advisor if you want more
   guidance on networking for career support.
Back to Introduction                                                    Next Section

Career Services can help you with these steps. Please make an appointment
and let us know which ones you need help with.
This is far from the only way to find a job. Many people don’t do some of these
steps. And those that don’t sometimes struggle or get a job that is less than what
they would really like. If you want to be as effective as possible in job hunting, we
recommend that you do the following:

_____ Develop one or more specific job targets or objectives (one to five). Be
     as specific as possible. Multiple objectives or targets are ok.

_____ Research and read about career fields that interests you. Meet with
      one or more professionals who are in jobs that interest you and ask
      for job search advice.

_____ Put together a resume. Review it with and get feedback from several

_____ Do the same with a sample cover letter.

_____ Identify your preferred job location(s)

_____ Identify sites for each category of job website:

              Major commercial job posting websites

              Recent grad job posting websites

              Industry or profession specific sites

              Regional / local job posting sites

              Professional Associations’ websites

_____ Identify colleges in cities that interest you. Look into their job fairs and
      job postings.

_____ Identify potential employers in the geographic areas that interest

_____ Check the websites of the potential employers you identified.
_____ Identify temporary or permanent employment agencies you can

_____ Identify 5 to 10 professional / networking contacts.

_____ Identify a professional organization. Attend a meeting. Consider

_____ Read a book on job hunting (Recommendations – “Career Wisdom
      for College Students” by Peter Vogt , “What Color is Your Parachute”
      by Richard Bolles, Job Search Magic: Insider Secrets from America's
      Career And Life Coach Paperback by Susan Britton Whitcomb

______Get a job hunting partner or coach.

_____ Make a job search plan and keep a log of your job hunting activities.
      Keep track of your applications. Spreadsheets are good for this.

_____ Practice interviewing. Do one or more mock interviews.

_____ Follow up letters and resumes with phone calls.

Back to Introduction                                                 Next Section

Here are a few final suggestions:

1. It usually takes longer to find a job than you would like it to. Remember to
think about both short-term and long-term employment after graduation. If you
can, get something quickly to hold you over and bring in some money while you
look for something more permanent and desirable.

2. Use what is available to you. After you graduate, the Career Services Office is
still a resource for you. Call and make an in-person or phone appointment if you
want help.

3. Take some time to pursue information and advice first. Before you start firing
off resumes in every direction, take several weeks to do self-assessment,
research, and information gathering to figure out what sounds good to you and
how to best pursue it.

4. Keep in mind that this is a major life “transition,” which means it can be an
unsettling and anxious time. You will however get through it, find a good job and
begin a satisfying career!


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