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Slave Codes

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					   Slave Codes were laws passed following the
    Stono Rebellion to help control the slave
    population.
   After the Denmark Vesey Rebellion, the Slave
    Codes were more strictly enforced and
    additional codes were written.
   Meet in large groups or congregate
   Have weapons
   Have alcohol
   Read or write
   Travel off their farm without a pass
   Own property of any kind
   Many other restrictions
   Maintain control of slaves at all times (since
    this was a law, any slave owner who did not
    keep a close watch on his slaves could get in
    trouble)
   Punish slaves when they broke rules
   Slave owners could even kill slaves with only a
    small fine as a penalty.
   Sectionalism can be defined as loyalty to an
    area or section of the country before the
    whole…. OR
   Placing the benefit of one group of people over
    the good of all.
   By the end of the antebellum period,
    sectionalism by the North and the South was
    tearing the Nation apart.
   Because of the issue of slavery and the
    problems it lead to, the South felt little loyalty
    to the US.
   The South felt that Northern abolitionists were
    trying to destroy their way of life (which was
    based on slavery)
   Furthermore, the South felt that the leaders of
    the US were interested only in helping the
    North, often at the expense of the South.
   An abolitionist from the North helped confirm the
    beliefs of many Southerners that the North was
    trying to destroy them.




                 John Brown
   John Brown planned to raid the Federal
    Arsenal at Harper’s Ferry Virginia.
   Once he had the weapons, he planned to arm
    an army of slaves and march across the South
    freeing all the slaves.
   He called himself “God’s avenging angel”, and
    he felt that he was on a mission from God.
   John Brown’s plan failed. He and his helpers
    were captured and hanged.
   But he was hailed as a hero and a martyr in the
    North.
   People changed the words to the song “The
    Battle Hymn of the Republic” to honor him.
   The North honoring John Brown showed how
    bad sectionalism had become.
   The South felt like “Hey, this crazy guy tried
    to come down here, make an army of slaves
    and destroy us, and they are praising him!!!
    With friends like these, who needs enemies!!!!”
   This was the tone of the Nation when it came
    time to elect a new President in 1860.
Answer the following questions in the left side
  of your notebook: (write the questions)
          Bellwork Questions 2/1/11
1.   What is sectionalism?
2.   List 3 examples of abolitionists.
3.   Why did southerners strengthen the slave
     codes after discovering the Vesey plot?
4.   Why did southerners fear abolitionists?
5.   How did John Brown lead to increased
     sectionalism in the US?
   Republicans nominate Abraham Lincoln as
    their candidate for President….he was a little
    known senator who did not seem to have much
    of a chance to win.
   The Democrats could not agree on a candidate.
   The Democrats in the South nominated John C.
    Breckinridge – A Pro-Slavery candidate.
   The Northern Democrats nominated Stephen
    Douglas – a anti-slavery candidate.
   Others formed a third party called the
    Constitutional Union Party and nominated
    John Bell.
   Lincoln said again and again that he had no
    plans for trying to get rid of slavery….but he
    did say that he did not want slavery do extend
    beyond where it already was in place.
   Lincoln also stated famously….”A house
    divided against itself cannot stand. The nation
    cannot endure permanently half slave and half
    free. I believe the Nation will cease to be
    divided….it will become ALL one thing or ALL
    the other.”
   The South believed if Lincoln was elected, the
    days of slavery (and life as they knew it) were
    over.
   Surprise!!!
   Because the Democrats split their vote, the
    Republicans and Abraham Lincoln ended up
    winning the election.
   Before the election was even held, SC had
    promised that if Abraham Lincoln was elected
    President, they would secede.
   After the election, they quickly acted on their
    promise.
Answer the following questions in the left side
  of your notebook: (write the questions)
           Bellwork Questions 2/2/11
1.   What candidate, in the election of 1860, would SC
     have voted for? Why?
2.   Why did SC fear Abraham Lincoln becoming
     president?
3.   What is popular sovereignty?
4.   What were the 3 major issues resolved in the Dred
     Scott case?
5.   Who made up the majority of the population in the
     South?
6.   How did SC control the slave population?
   Commonly called the “Secessionist
    Convention” was held on Dec., 17, 1860.
   The representatives wrote the Ordinance of
    Secession.
   This ordinance claimed that the North had
    failed to honor both State and Federal laws by
    not obeying the Fugitive slave Act
   AND
   The US govt. had passed unfair laws that were
    biased against the South (The Tariffs)
   Unionist – Wanted to remain in the Union.
   Cooperationists – Wanted to secede, but only if
    other States agreed to go with SC.
   Secessionists – (Fire – Eaters) – Wanted to
    secede right away no matter what.
   Unionist were few in # at the convention. They
    felt that secession would lead to the end
    democracy in both the North and South.
   Wanted to secede, but saw the danger of
    “going it alone”. They were also more willing
    to try to work out a compromise with Lincoln
    and the Republicans….if the compromise did
    not work, they were willing to secede with
    other Southern States.
   Called “Fire-Eaters” because of their fiery talk.
   They dominated the convention.
   The meeting was held in Columbia, but moved
    to Charleston because of a smallpox epidemic.
   The secessionist rushed to have the meeting
    before Lincoln was even inaugurated because
    they did not want any sort of compromise to be
    reached.
   They bullied the other groups at the convention
    and the vote was unanimous to secede.
   SC was no longer a part of the USA.

				
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