Docstoc

The Voice - PDF 14

Document Sample
The Voice - PDF 14 Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                 VOICE
                                                                     The                                                                                                                                                    1
                                  Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The




                                 Vol.8 / No.35                                                                      Weekly                                                                     Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com




                                                                      trnfysufpm&if;rS                                                                                                                  om;pdk;?
                                                                      y,fzsufvdkufol                                           rdkbkdif;vfzkef;                                                         jzLjzLausmfodef;ESifU
                                                                                                                               aiGjznfUuwfrsm;                                                          vli,femrnfausmfrsm;
                                                                      2082 OD;
                                                                                                                               tGefvkdif;wGif                                                           *Dwtpnf;t½Hk;
                                                                      trnfpm&if;                                                                                                                        trIaqmifaumfrwDwGif
                                                                                                                               0,f,lEkdifrnf
                                                                      xkwfjyef                                                  pm 6                                                                    oHk;yHkwpfyHkae&m&
                                                                        pm 5                                                                                                   "mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif    pm 5
                                   "mwfykH- EdkifiHawmfor®w½Hk;                                       "mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif

                                  NEWS MAKER




                                 or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdef tar&duodkh ordkif;0ifc&D;pwifrnf
                                 0g&Sifwef? Mo*kwf 30

                                          iHawmfor®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefonf ESpfaygif;50twGif; jrefrmEdkifiHtpdk;&tBuD;tuJwpfOD;\ yxrOD;qHk;ordkif;0ifc&D;pOftjzpf tar&duefjynfaxmifpkodkY ukvor*¾ taxGaxG
                                  Edkif   nDvmcH wufa&muf&efoGm;a&mufawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; EdkifiHwumrD'D,mrsm;wGif a&;om;azmfjycsufrsm;t&od&onf/
                                         tar&duefjynfaxmifpkor®w                      d
                                                                     ay;NyD; jrefrmtpk;&\ jyKjyifajymif;vJ           or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdeftaejzihf   jynf0ifciAZmuefYowfywyifrI teuf
                                                                                                                                                             G fh D       d f                                                dk f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ukvor*¾XmecsKyf½kH;teD;wpf0uwif
                                     d                 d f H
                                 tkbm;rm;onf jrefrmEkiior®wBuD;      a&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;ukd axmufcHrIjyK       vmrnfh pufwifbmv ukvor*¾              >cif;csuftaejzihf avQmhayghrItcsKdU           om e,fajrtuefY towfjzihf oGm;vm
                                       f                df D
                                 OD;ode;pdef ukvor*¾xyo; aqG;aEG;             l
                                                                     onf[aomtcsufudk xkwazmfjyo  f            taxGaxGnvmcH wufa&mufpOfumv
                                                                                                                         D                               kf         f k     hJ         d
                                                                                                                                                    jyKvyay;&eftrdeYxwjfyefcaMumif;? xkoUd k      &rnfomjzpfaMumif; atyDowif;Xme
                                   J           dk f             G
                                 yGwufa&mufEia&;twGuf jynf0ifcifh    vkdufaMumif; ,if;owif;rsm;wGif           twGi;f vGwvyfpmoGm;vmEkia&;twGuf
                                                                                                                        f G           df                  h          kf
                                                                                                                                                    avQmayghrI rjyKvyay;ygu or®wBuD;              u a&;om;onf/              pm 10
                                          f          I
                                 ADZmydwyifuefYowfrrsm;ukd avQmhcs   a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/                      tar&duefor®w tkdbm;rm;onf             OD;odef;pdeftaejzihf e,l;a,mufNrKdU?


                                    cs,f&Dum;udpö w½kwfukrÜPDxH jrefrmtpdk;& ajz&Sif;csufawmif;                                                                                                   tpdk;&ESifU
                                                                                                                                                                                                  jynfya&muf
                                                                                                                                                                                                  EdkifiHa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                  tiftm;pkrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                  awGYrnf                    pm 4



                                                                                                                                                                                                        uav;ppfom;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         &SdaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                            jrefrm
                                                                                                                                                                                                         wyfrawmf
                                             pm 7                                                                                                              "mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif                        0efcH         pm 5
                                                                                                              SUPPLEMENT
                                                                      V
                                                     The                                                                                                                                                                            A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    49
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




  Vol.8 / No.35

POLITICS
                                                                       OICE                                   Weekly                                                                          Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The




or®w½Hk;0efBuD;Xme ajcmufcktxdwkd;jr§ifUí jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;Xmersm; jyifqifzGJYpnf;
&efukef? Mo*kwf 31
   pdk;
 t 0ef&tzGXmersm;udk 36 ackjymif;vJwa&;vkfyfiJG Upnfrsm; qufwaxmifpkvfaTwfawmfh okidkY fio0Pfor®TmwBuDk;Yxm;aMumif; vTr®wa½Hk;0efBuD;fpm;vS,ajcmufcktxdwdk;csJUzGJUpnf;vdodkukY fNajymMum;onfp/ k
        BuD;
             JUtwGif; jyKjyif
                              txd dk;jr§i hz
                                                 ef;
                                                     ;&ef jynf
                                                               dkufjyKvky eonf Ed Hawmf
                                                                                             v ay;yd
                                                                                                         u EdkifiHawmfo
                                                                                                                        wf wmfudk,
                                                                                                                                      Xmeudk
                                                                                                                                             frsm;u
                                                                                                                                                                                  yD; jynfaxmif
                                                                                                                                                                                         The Voice Weekly
          EdkifiHawmfor®w\ tqdkyg                                                  f
                                                     cGJ (u) yg jy|mef;csut& jynfaxmifpk                   k f       f
                                                                                                        ud,pm;vS,awG trsm;Bu;D ygwm awGU&                a&;rSL;csKyfxH trnfpm&if;ay;ydkY&      Oya'yk'fr 32 ESifh enf;Oya' 24
tpdk;&tzGJUopfwGif vQyfppfpGrf;tm;                   vTwfawmf\ oabmwlnDcsuf &,l                                         l T f
                                                                                                        w,f} [k jynfoYvwawmfu,pm;vS,f
                                                                                                                                  kd f                   rnfjzpfNyD; pufwifbmv 4 &ufaeY               G              k k
                                                                                                                                                                                                wdYk wif jynfaxmifptpd;&0efBuD;Xme
0efBuD;XmeESpfckudk wpfckwnf;tjzpf                   ay;Edkifyg&ef o0PfvTmay;ydkYtyf                    OD;odef;ñGefYu ajymMum;onf/                      wGif usif;yjyKvkyfrnfh jynfaxmifpk     ta&twGufESifh jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
jyifqifzGJUpnf;vdkufNyD; jrefrmhpufrI                aMumif; azmfjyxm;onf/                                      jynfaxmifpktpdk;&0efBuD;Xme              vTwfawmf yHkrSeftpnf;ta0;wGif          OD;a&udk tcgtm;avsmfpGm jyifqif
zGHUNzdK;a&;0efBuD;Xmeudk zsufodrf;um                         ]]tckvkd 0efBuD;XmeawG jyifqif            ta&twGuf jyifqifjcif;? jynfaxmifpk               vTwfawmftqHk;tjzwf&,lrnfjzpf           jznfhpGufjcif;? wdk;^avQmhjcif; jyKvkyf
or®w½Hk; 0efBuD;XmeatmufwGif                                                   h
                                                     zGUJ pnf;wmaumif;wJtvm;tvmyg/                      0efBuD; OD;a& wdk;^avQmhjcif;rsm;ESifh           onf[k jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf½Hk;u             k        k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                vdaMumif; Ediiawmfor®w\ wifjy
                        k
0efBuD;Xmeajcmufctxd wd;jr§ivuf        k hf kd       vkyfief;aqmif&GufwJhtcg uRrf;usif                  pyfvsOf;í aqG;aEG;vdaom vTwawmf
                                                                                                                              k        f                               k T f      k f
                                                                                                                                                         jynfaxmifpvwawmf ud,pm;vS,f            csufESifhpyfvsOf;í vTwfawmfem,u
aMumif; o0PfvTmwGif azmfjyxm;                        wJholawG OD;aqmifwmydkaumif;rSm                        k f        f d
                                                                                                        ud,pm;vS,rsm;&Sygu pufwifbm                      rsm;tm;vHk;udk ay;ydkYxm;aMumif;       u vTwfawmftqHk;tjzwf&,lNyD;
csuft& od&onf/                                       yg/ vQyf p pf q d k & if jzef Y j zL;a&;eJ Y       v 3 &ufaeY eHeuf 10 em&Daemuf                         f
                                                                                                                                                         vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm;uqdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                     kd f    f        k                    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                ,if;tqH;tjzwfukd or®wxH wifjy
          ,if;tjyif EdkifiHawmf\ pD;yGm;             wnfaqmufa&;cGJxm;wm aygif;                         qHk;xm;í vTwfawmf½Hk; ñTefMum;                          jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfqdkif&m      &rnf[k azmfjyxm;onf/
                 k
a&;zGUH NzdK;wd;wufa&;ESihf umuG,a&;            f    vd k u f N yD ; 'k w d , 0ef B uD ; wpf O D ; pD
vk y f i ef ; rsm;ud k yd k r d k x d a &muf p G m
taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&uEi&ef              G f kd f
                                                     xm;vdYk &w,f/ pufr0efBuD;Xme&SaeI
                                                     NyD;om;qdkawmh pufrIzGHUNzdK;wdk;wuf
                                                                                                 d                  topfjyifqifzGJYpnf;rnfU jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHtpdk;&tzGJY
twGuf rlvjynfaxmifpk0efBuD;Xme                       a&;0ef B uD ; Xmeu tyd k j zpf a eNyD /
34 XmewGif jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; 30                     or®w½Hk;ajcmufOD;xm;wmuawmh                        pOf             0efBuD;Xmetrnf                                    0ef B uD ;                         'kwd,0efBuD;
OD;cefYtyfcJh&mrS jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;                 OD;pdk;odef;eJY OD;atmifrif;udk Nidrf;csrf;         1    umuG,fa&;                                   'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD;vSrif;       k f f f G k f
                                                                                                                                                                                        AdvcsKyausmñeY?f AdvrLS ;Bu;D armifaomf
Xme 36 XmewGif jynfaxmifp0efBuD;           k         a&;twGuf tm½HkpdkufapcsifvdkYxif                    2    jynfxJa&;                                   'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD;udkudk        d f S
                                                                                                                                                                                        AkvrL;csKyfausmfZjH rif?h &JcsKyfausmfausmfxe;     G f
36 OD;jzifh jyifqifzGJUpnf;cGifhjyK&ef               w,f}} [k 0g&ifha&SUaewpfOD;jzpfol                   3    e,fpyfa&;&m                                 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD;odef;aX;   AdkvfcsKyfaZmf0if;
vnf; azmfjyxm;onf/                                   OD;odef;xGef;u oHk;oyfonf/                          4    EdkifiHjcm;a&;                              OD;0PÖarmifvGif               OD;armifjrifh? OD;oefYausmf? OD;Zifa,mf
          EdkifiHawmfor®wuay;ydkYonfh                         tpdk;&tzGJU\ ,ckjyifqifzGJU                5    jyefMum;a&;                                 OD;atmifMunf                  OD;ydkufaxG;
tqdkygo0PfvTmwGif tpdk;&opf                          pnf;rItwGif; Mo*kwfv 31 &ufaeY
wm0ef,lptcsdefwGif e,fpyfa&;&m                       txd 'kwd,0efBuD; 18 OD;ukd topf                     6    v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;ESifh qnfajrmif;          OD;jrifhvdIif                 OD;tkef;oef;? OD;cifaZmf
0efBuD;XmeESifh jrefrmhpufrIzGHUNzdK;a&;             cefYtyfcJhNyD; jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;                   7    b@ma&;ESifh tcGef                                                                  d                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                        OD;0if;&Se?f a'gufwmvif;atmif? a'gufwmarmifarmifor;f
0efBuD;XmewdkYudk jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;                 udk;OD;ukd Xmeajymif;a&TUrIrsm;jyKvkyf              8    aqmufvkyfa&;                                                              OD;pdk;wifh? OD;ausmfvGif
wpf O D ; u wm0ef , l í taumif                       xm;um jynfaxmifp0efBuD;ESpO;ESihf k   f D           9    trsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESifh                                                   a'gufwmuHaZmf? OD;qufatmif?
txnfazmf&ef pDpOfaqmif&GufcJh                        jynf a xmif p k p m&if ; ppf c sKyf w d k Y ud k         pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI                                              a'gufwmcifpef;&D
aMumif ; ? od k Y aomf vwf w avm                     EkwfxGufcGifhjyKxm;onf/                            10    pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;         OD;0if;jrifh                  a'gufwmyGifhqef;
taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&uEia&;              G f kd f                        kd
                                                              ]]tckv0efBuD;XmeawG jyifqif
                                                                                                        11    qufoG,fa&;? pmwdkufESifh aMu;eef;           OD;odef;xGef;                 OD;0if;oef;? OD;wifhvGif? OD;aomif;wif
tcsdef,ljyifqif&ef vdktyfvsuf&Sd                     zGJUpnf;wm 'Drdkua&pDul;ajymif;a&;
aomaMumifh atmifjrifpGmaqmif&Guf                     umvrSm rjzpfraevkyf&r,fh vdktyf                    12    vlrI0efxrf;? u,fq,fa&;ESifh                                               OD;bkef;aqG? a':pkpkvdIif
Edkifjcif;r&SdcJhojzifh jrefrmhpufrIzGHUNzdK;        csuf y g/ topf c ef Y tyf v d k u f w J h                jyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&;
a&;0efBuD;Xmeudk zsufodrf;Edkifa&;                   'kwd,0efBuD;awGrSm t&nftcsif;&Sd                   13    ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh               OD;0if;xGef;                  OD;at;jrifharmif? a'gufwmoufoufZif
zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr 202? yk'fr                                            f
                                                     wJh t&yfom;ynm&SiawGeYJ vTwawmf        f                 opfawma&;&m
 MEDIA                                                                                                  14    arG;jrLa&;ESifh a&vkyfief;                  OD;tkef;jrifh                 OD;cifarmifat;
                                                                                                        15    ow¬KwGif;                                   OD;odef;xdkuf
   rD'D,mrsm; Xmeqkdif&mowif;,l&ef                                                                      16    or0g,r                                      OD;ausmfqef;                  OD;oef;xGef;
                                                                                                        17    tvkyform;                                                                 OD;jrifhodef;
   cufygu vTwfawmfaumfrwDodkhwkdifEkdif                                                                 18
                                                                                                        19
                                                                                                              ydkYaqmifa&;
                                                                                                              [dkw,fESifh c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;
                                                                                                                                                          OD;ÓPfxGef;atmif              OD;[efpdef
                                                                                                                                                                                        OD;aX;atmif
rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 31                                                                                       20    pufrI                                       OD;at;jrifh                   OD;odef;atmif? OD;rsKd;atmif
         jynfwGif;jynfyowif;rD'D,m                           k          JT
                                                     &if [dv?JT 'DveYJ ajymw,f/ wcsKdUXme               21    &xm;ydkYaqmifa&;                                                          OD;csefarmif? ol&OD;aomif;vGif
rsm;onf tpdk;&Xmeqkdif&mowif;                            d        f
                                                     qk&if zke;awmifrudib;}}[k rEÅav;
                                                                               k f l                    22    pGrf;tif                                    OD;oef;aX;                    OD;xifatmif
rsm;udk owif;,l&eftcuftcJ&SdvQif                     NrdKUcHowif;axmuftcsKdUuqkdonf/
                                                                                                        23    vQyfppfpGrf;tm;                             OD;cifarmifpdk;               OD;jrifhaZmf? OD;atmifoef;OD;
            T f
jynfoYl vwawmf tm;upm;? ,Ofaus;                                rD'D,mtodkif;t0kdif;wGifjzpf
rIEihf jynfoYlqufqa&;zGUH NzdK;wk;wuf
    S                   H        d                   ay:aeaom qifqmjzwfonfup&yf         h d ö           24    ynma&;                                      a'gufwmjrat;                  a'gufwmrsKd;jrifh? OD;at;MuL? OD;ba&T
rIaumfrwDodkY wkdifMum;EkdifaMumif;                  rsm;udk aumfrwDu &efueoYkdqif;vmkf                 25    usef;rma&;                                  a'gufwmazoufcif                                    kf
                                                                                                                                                                                        a'gufwmjrwfjrwfte;cif? a'gufwm0if;jrif?h
Mo*kwfv 30 &ufaeYwGif rEÅav;                         onfhtcsdefwGif rD'D,morm;rsm;u                                                                                                     a'gufwmodef;odef;aX;
NrdKUawmfodkYa&muf&Sdaeaom tqkdyg                    qifqmtcuftcJrsm;udwifjyawmif; k                    26    ,Ofaus;rI                                                                 a':pE´mcif? OD;oef;aqG
aumfrwD0ifOD;&JxGef;u rD'D,mrsm;                     qkdojzifh aumfrwDu jyefMum;a&;                     27    omoema&;                                    ol&OD;jrifharmif              a'gufwmarmifarmifaX;? OD;pdk;0if;
      hf     k
ESiawGUqHpOf ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/                   0efBuD;Xmeudaxmufjyajymqkcaom
                                                                      k                  d hJ           28    odyÜHESifh enf;ynm                                                        a'gufwmudkudkOD;
                            d f
         aumfrwDoYkd Xmeqki&mowif;                   aMumifh pmayxdef;csKyfrIrsm;udk wpfp
,l & ef u d p ö tcuf t cJ & S d y gu                                h h
                                                     wpfpavQmay;cJ&mrS ,cktcg vH;vH;          k k       29    vl0ifrBI u;D Muyfa&;ESihf jynfoYl tiftm;    OD;cif&D                      OD;ausmfausmf0if;? AdkvfrSL;csKyf0if;jrifh
taMumif;t&mudkrSefrSefuefuefa&;                      vkdufavsm&onftxd tajctae                           30    tm;upm;                                     OD;wifhqef;                   OD;at;jrifhMuL? OD;aomif;xdkuf
om;NyD; aumfrwDOuú|xHodkY vdyfrl                     jzpfay:cJhonf[k OD;&JxGef;uajym                    31    or®w½Hk;
ay;ydkY&efESifh a&muf&Sdvmonfhpmyg                   Mum;onf/                                                 (u) 0efBuD;Xme ( )                          OD;odef;ñGefY                 OD;atmifodef;
taMumif;t&mudk rlwnfí owif;                                                T f
                                                               jynfoYlvwawmfu 2011 ckEpf        S             (c) 0efBuD;Xme ( )                          OD;pdk;armif
axmufESifhoufqkdif&mXmersm;udk                       twGif; zGJUpnf;vdkufonf vTwfawmf                         (*) 0efBuD;Xme ( )                          OD;pdk;odef;
awGYqHkn§dEdIif;aqmif&Gufay;oGm;rnf                  aumfrwD 23ckwGif tm;upm;? ,Of                            (C) 0efBuD;Xme ( )                          OD;atmifrif;                  OD;oefY&Sif;
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uxyfavmif;ajymqdk                    aus;rIESifh jynfolqufqHa&;zGHUNzdK;
onf/                                                 wkd;wufrIaumfrwDonf wpfcktyg                             (i) 0efBuD;Xme ( )                          OD;vSxGef;
         ]]wcsKdU0efBuD;XmeawGu xGuf                 t0ifjzpfNyD; aumfrwDOuú|rSm ol&                          (p) 0efBuD;Xme ( )                          OD;wifEdkifodef;
               h
ay:vmwJowif;udk twnfjyKzkYd om;    G                 OD;at;jrifhjzpfonf/                                rSwfcsuf-0efBuD;trnfrazmfjyxm;aomXmersm;rSm vpfvyfaeqJXmersm; jzpfonf/
    B
    48
    VOICE
  The




 POLITICS
                    SUPPLEMENT                                                                                                                                                        Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




     f                  h     f                                      k
pmcReawmfavQmufxm;rI uefowfcsursm;ESiUf w&m;pD&ifa&;Oya'ukd jyif&rnf[qkd
aejynfawmf? Mo*kwf 31
               pnf;yHktajccHOya'u ay;tyfxm;aom EdkifiHom;tcGifh ta&;rsm;udk azmfaqmifay;Edkif&ef pmcRefawmfavQmufxm;rIudk w&m;Oya't& usifhoHk;Edkifjcif;jzpfNyD; pmcRefawmfqdkif&m
   zGJY        tcGifhta&;rsm;&&Sd½Hkjzifh EdkifiHom;rsm;taejzifh 'Drdkua&pD tppftrSef&&Sdonf[k rqdkEdkifaMumif;ESifh vuf&Sdtajctaet& pmcRefawmftrdefY avQmufxm;rIqdkif&m uefYowfcsuf
tcsKdUudk jyifqif y,fzsufjcif;tjyif jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&;Oya'rsm;udkyg jyifqifonfh enf;vrf;onfom trSefuefqHk;jzpfaMumif; oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f rJqE´e,frS jynfolYvTwfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,fOD;odef;ñGefYu Mo*kwfv 31 &ufaeYü vTwfawmfwGifajymMum;onf/
         uef y uf v uf rJ q E´ e ,f r S ygtwdkif; yg0ifaqG;aEG;cJhjcif;jzpf jynf o l Y vT w f a wmf u d k , f p m;vS , f                    jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmf tajccHOya'ESifhtnD aqmif&GufcJh
                       kd f
vTwfawmfu,pm;vS,f ol&OD;atmifukd onf/ ,if;tqdkESifh ywfoufum a':cifpef;vdi?f ykPm;uRe;rJqE´e,f csKyf w&m;olBuD;wpfOD;u tusOf; jcif;jzpfNyD; cHk½Hk;\tqHk;tjzwfonf
                                                                                                               I       Ö     f
wifoGif;aom ]pmcRefawmftrdefY tif ; awmf r J q E´ e ,f r S vT w f a wmf rS OD;xGef;atmifausmf? vrf;rawmf yvyfcJhaom ,cifw&m;½Hk;csKyf\ zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr 324 ESifh
                                                      k f                     f kd f          f
avQmufxm;rIqdkif&m uefYowfcsuf ud,pm;vS,f OD;ausmEiaX;? oCFe; rJqE´e,frS OD;cifarmif0if; pkpkaygif; trdefY? qHk;jzwfcsuf? pD&ifcsufESifh cH½;Oya'yk'r 23 wdYkt& tNyD;tjywf                k kH            f
tcsKdUudk jyifqify,fzsufay;yg&ef} uRef;rJqE´e,frS vTwfawmfudk,fpm; vT w f a wmfudk,fpm;vS,fig;OD; u 'D * &D t ay: pmcRef a wmf t rd e f Y twnfjzpfonf[k azmfjyxm;onf/
tqdkESifh ywfoufum ¤if;utxuf vS,f OD;odef;ñGefY? ykvJrJqE´e,frS aqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/                                                         f h
                                                                                                                                    xkwqifay;&ef avQmufxm;rIrsm; udk                              xdkYjyif cHk½Hk;Oya'yk'fr 25 t&
 MARKET
                                                                                                                                    jynf a xmif p k w &m;vT w f a wmf c sKyf cH k ½ H k ; \ qH k ; jzwf c suf r sm;onf
                                                                                                                                                        f D                     k
                                                                                                                                    w&m;olBuD;ESpO; odYk r[kwf oH;OD;yg oufqi&m tpd;&Xme? yk*Kd¾ vfrsm;odYk
                                                                                                                                                                                                   kd f        k
wkdufcef;ESifUum;rsm; av;ESpft&pfusjzifU a&mif;rnf                                                                                  aom cHktzGJUjzifh w&m;½Hk;wpfckck vnf;aumif;? oufqi&mae&ma'o
                                                                                                                                    aMumifh EdkifiHom;wpfOD;wGif epfemrI toD;oD;odkYvnf;aumif; tmPm
                                                                                                                                    r&Sdapoifh[laomrlt& jyefvnf oufa&mufap&rnf[k jy|mef;xm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kd f

&efukef? Mo*kwf 31                                                                                                                  pdppfMum;em&eftcsufudk xyfrHjznfh onf/
          &efukefNrdKUawmfrif;"r®vrf;&Sd qkdonf/                                                aMumif;vnf; ,if;pmrsufESmwGif oGif;&efvdktyfaMumif; vTwfawmf                                      vTwfawmfrsm;taejzifh ,if;
jrefrmuGeAif;&Si;pifwm (MCC) wGif
                f             f                             ukefpnfjyyGJwGif t&pfuspepf azmfjyxm;onf/                               udk,fpm;vS,f ol&OD;atmifudku qH k ; jzwf c suf u d k vd k u f e mjcif ; r&S d
                                            kf
pufwifbmv yxrywfü jyKvyrnfh jzifh vma&muf0,f,lolrsm;taejzifh                                        Creation Strength ukrÜPDu       jznfhpGufajymMum;onf/                                onfhtjyif zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk
                            J       S     f      J
um; ta&mif;yGawmfEihf ukepnfjyyGü uarÇmZbPfrSowfrSwfxm;onfh BuD;rSL;usif;yonfh tqdkygukefpnf                                                  k f H                      k
                                                                                                                                            EdiiawmfzUJG pnf;yHtajccHOya' csKd;azmufonfh aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;
0,f , l r nf h y pö n f ; wef z d k ; \ 20 Hire Purchase (HP) acs;aiGpm&if; jyyGJwGifyg0ifjyornfh SSS armfawmf qdkif&mcHk½Hk;u vTwfawmftoD;oD;rS jyKvkyfjcif;? cHk½Hk;Ouú|ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm;
                                  f
&mckdifEIef;udk ay;oGi;íajcmufvrS 48 zGi&rnfjzpfNyD; bPfoYkdowfrwxm; ,mOfta&mif;jycef;ü udk&D;,m;EkdifiH zGUJ pnf;xm;aom aumfrwD? aumfr&Sif udk pGyfpGJjypfwifrIjyKvkyfjcif;? tqdk
                                                       hf                             S f
                                               l dk
vtwGi;f t&pfuspepfjzihf 0,f,Eif onfh twdk;EIef;rsm;udkay;oGif;&rnf xkwfarmfawmf,mOfrsm;udk t"du ESifh tzGJUwdkYukd jynfaxmifpktqifh wifoi;qH;jzwfjcif;wdYkukd aqmif&uf                            Gf k                           G
rnfjzpfaMumif; SSS armfawmf,mOf jzpfaMumif; uarÇmZbPf½Hk;csKyf\ a&mif;csom;rnfjzpfNyD; tjcm;armfawmf tjzpf xnhfoGif;t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkjcif; cJhojzifh EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccH
                                                                                                        G
ta&mif;jycef;rS ta&mif;refae*sm vlrue&uf Facebook pmrsuEmwGif um;ukrÜPDrsm; 0ifa&mufjyornf? onf zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef; Oya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;u jynfaxmifpk
                                                          I G f                        f S                                                           k
a':ckdifrGefaxG;u ajymMum;onf/                      azmfjyxm;onf/                               rjyornfudk rod&Sd&ao;aMumif; csufrsm;ESifh nDñGwfjcif;r&SdaMumif; w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfodkY pmcRefawmf
                     k
          tqdygta&mif;jyyGukd pufwif  J                     twdk;EIef;rsm;taejzifh wpfv SSS rS ta&mif;refae*sm a':cdireaxG; teuft"dym,fziqq;jzwfconf/ avQmuf x m;aMumif ; owif ; &&S d
                                                                                                                               kfGf                 Ü G hf kd kH             hJ
bmv 6 &uf r S 9 &uf a eY t xd twGuf 4 &mckdifEIef;? ESpfvtwGuf u ajymqdkonf/                                                        ,if;qHk;jzwfcsufonf zGJUpnf;yHk onf/
usi;yrnfjzpfNyD; vlae wkucef;rsm;? 5 &mcdiEe;? oH;vtwGuf 6 &mcdiEe;?
      f                                 d f                 kfIf k                       kfIf
                                                                                                 MOTORING
armfawmfum;rsm;? vQyfppfypönf; 12 vtwGuf 9 &mckdifEIef;? 24 v
Slim Card ESifhvufukdif zkef;rsm;?
vuf0wf&wemypön;rsm; tygt0if &mckdifEIef;jzpfaMumif;ESifh ,if;rSm
                                    f
rsKd;pHkESifhvloHk;ukefypönf; rsKd;pHk? GSM twGuf 14 &mckiEe;? 36 vtwGuf
                                                                      d f I f
                                                    19 &mcdkifEIef;? 48 vtwGuf 24                                                  G
                                                                                            ]A}tu©&m ,mOfa[mif;rsm; pufwifbm 5 &ufwif vufcrnf
                                                                                                                                          H
pm;aomufukefESifhy&dabm*ypönf; bPf rSowfrwxm;aom Hire Pur- &efukef? Mo*kwf 30
                                                                   S f
rsm; yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;\ chase (HP) acs;aiG 70 &mckdifEIef;ay:                                tpdk;&opfvufxuf,mOftdk^ csuft&od&onf/                                                ,mOfa[mif; 50ç713 pD;? Sale Cen-
ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/                                                                                              HS
                                                    wG i f wG u f c suf & ef j zpf a Mumif ; ? ,mOfa[mif;tyfEa&;pDrcsut& vmH f              &ef u k e f w k d i f ; a'oBuD ; wG i f ; ter wGif 0,f,lcGifhygrpf 8406 pD;?
          ]]yGJawmf&uftwGif;rSm 0,fwJh xkdYtjyif 0,folrS ypönf;wefzdk;ay: rnfhpufwifbmv 5 &ufrSaeYpNyD; ,if ; pD r H c suf p wif c sd e f r S p í ]p} oabFmom; 2867 pD;? ukrÜPD 721
                                                                                                          S hf dk f
ol a wG t aeeJ Y um;wef z d k ; &J U 20 wG i f wG u f c suf í 0ef a qmif c jynfe,fEiwi;a'oBuD;rsm;wGif ]A} tu©&mrS ]y} tu©&mtxd ,mOf pD;? EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xme 340 pD;?
&mck d i f E I e f ; eJ Y 0,f N yD ; usef w mud k wpf&mckdifEIef;ESifh a&mif;olrS ypönf; tu©&m,mOfrsm;udkpwiftyfESHEkdif a[mif; 28ç634 pD;tyfESHNyD;jzpfNyD; [dkw,f^c&D; 57 pD;? jynfytvkyf
uarÇmZbPfeYJ cswqufNyD; t&pfus wef z d k ; ay:wG i f wpf & mck d i f E I e f ; ud k rnfjzpfaMumif; &xm;ydkYaqmifa&; xyfrtyfE&rnfh ]y}tu©&m,mOfp;a& orm; 2073 pD ; ? ausmuf r suf
                                d f                                                                                                        H HS                                     D
                                                                                                                         k
pepfeJY ay;oGif;&rSmyg}} [k ¤if;u uarÇmZbPfodkY ay;aqmif&rnfjzpf 0efBuD;Xme\ ,aeYxwjf yefaMunm onfo;axmife;yg;&SaMumif; ¤if;u ajcmufp;? taxGaxG 112 pD;? vly*Kd¾vf
                                                                                                                                               kH         D          d                               D                         k
                                                                                                                                    ajymMum;onf/                                                D
                                                                                                                                                                                         wpfO;csif; (aejynfawmf) 8516 pD;?
                                                                                                                                            armfawmf,mOfwifoGif;rIudk vlyk*¾dKvfwpfOD;csif; (&efukef) 945
        POLITICS
                                                                                                                                                                       J
                                                                                                                                    One Stop Services tzGUjzifh oGi;ukef          f      pD;wkdYudk cGifhjyKxkwfay;NyD;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                    ygrpfrsm; yHkrSeftwkdif;cGifhjyKxkwfay; pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
        vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm; vkyfief;aqmif&GufEkdif&ef                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                    vsuf&NdS yD; Mo*kwv 20 &ufaeYtxd 0efBuD;Xmeu w&m;0ifowif;xkwf
                                                                                                                                        f f                 k f
                                                                                                                                    oGi;ukeygrpfxway;rIrm ,mOft^ jyefonf/  S          kd

                            JY
        jynfaxmifpktqifU tzGtpnf;rsm;ulnDa&;tqdkwifoGif;                                                                                                           PHOTO NWES
        aejynfawmf? Mo*kwf 31                                                                                                                 a'gufwmEkdifatmif? OD;nKdtkef;jrifhESifh a'gufwmaomif;xGef;wkdY
               jynfolYvTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;taejzifh rdrdwdkYvkyfief;wm0efrsm;ESifh oufqkdifonfh Oya'rsm;ESifh ,if;                              Mo*kwfv 31 &ufaeY rGef;vGJykdif;u &efukefavqdyfokdY a&muf&SdvmpOf
                                                                     f hf
        Oya'rsm;t& qifhyGm;jy|mef;cJhonfh enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsO;ESipnf;urf;rsm;? trdefYnTefMum;csuf? vkyfxHk;
                                                                                        k D H JG
        vkyfenf;rsm;udk pkpnf;xm;&Sda&;ESifh ,if;okdYpkpnf;&mwGif oufqkdif&mOya'rsm;udprcefYcaom jynfaxmifpk
        tqifhtzGJUtpnf;rsm;uvnf; yl;aygif;ulnDaqmif&Gufa&;wdkYtwGuf vTwfawmfuwkdufwGef;aMumif; tqkd
        udk tr&yl&rJqE´e,frS jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;odef;xGef;OD;u Mo*kwfv 31 &ufaeYü jyKvkyfaom
        jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGif ta&;BuD;tqdktjzpfwifoGif;cJhonf/
               jynfolYvTwfawmfuzGJUpnf;xm;aom aumfrwDrsm;onf vTwfawmf\Oya'jyKvkyfief;rsm;udkaomfvnf;
        aumif;? zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'yk'r 11 yg Check and Balance tjyeftvSexe;ausmif;jcif;vkyief;rsm;udaomf
                           k            f                                      f d f                f       k
        vnf;aumif; t"duvkyfudkifay;&aom vTwfawmfi,frsm;jzpfaMumif;? ,if;aMumifh aumfrwDtvkduftoHk;jyK
        &aom jrefrmEkdifiH\wnfqJOya'rsm;? enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsOf;ESifh pnf;urf;rsm;? trdefYaMumfjimpm? trdefY
                        S     f kH f                                   kd              f f
        nTeMf um;csufEihf vkyx;vkyenf;rsm;ESihf pyfvsOf;íod&MdS u&efvtyfaMumif; OD;ode;xGe;OD;u ajymMum;onf/
               ,ckzGJUpnf;xm;aom jynfolYvTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;tm;vHk;onf rdrdwdkYwm0ef&Sdaom vkyfief;u@                                                                                            "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif
        tvkdufoufqkdifonhf0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifhn§dEdIif;í rl&if;jy|mef;Oya'? ,if;Oya'rsm;rS qifhyGm;jy|mef;xkwfjyefcJh
        onfh enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsOf;ESifh pnf;urf;rsm;? trdefYnTefMum;csuf? vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;ygrusefatmif
        pkpnf;í Oya'ESifh nD rnD vdktyfovdk pdppfMu&rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;aMumifh ,cktqdkudk wifoGif;&                                                                                  I
                                                                                                                                                                           jyifqifzwf½yg&ef
        jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymqkdonf/                                                                                                                      k                                         f S
                                                                                                                                                    ,ckwpfywfxwf The Voice Weekly (Vol.8/No.35) pmrsuEm 23
                                  kS
               ,if;ta&;BuD;tqdEihf ywfoufum vTwfawmfOuú|ESifhvTwfawmf aumfrwDrsm;wGifom wm0ef&Sdonhf                                          wGif azmfjyxm;aom a'gufwmEkdifatmifESifh awGUqHkjcif;wGif ADSDF
        udpöjzpfonfhtwGuf vTwfawmfOuú|ESifhvTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;taejzifh tqdkay:rlwnfNyD; qufvuf                                                tpm; ABSDF [k jyifqifzwf½Iay;yg&ef av;pm;pGm arwåm&yfcHtyfyg
        aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú| ol&OD;a&Tref;u ajymMum;onf/                                                           onf/                                                   t,f'Dwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       47
   Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE


jrefrmUEkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIOya'opf c½dkeDrsm;twGufom tusKd;jzpfxGef;aprnf
&efukef? Mo*kwf 30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a&Smifwm;em;
                        d f H G                             dS            d f                 D            HS I
                 rmEkiiwif jy|mef;&ef&onfh EkiijH cm;&if;ES;jr§KyfErOya'opfwif vpfb&,fp;yGm;a&;ywf0ef;usiftajctaeudk OD;wnfjcif;r&SbJ ,cifwyfrawmftpd;&vufxufu vTr;rd;xm;aom jynfwi;
                                                                                                                              G                 D                                                                               d                                k                                     f k                                      G f
                 pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;(Crony)rsm;udkom tusKd;jzpfaprnfjzpfaMumif; MopaMw;vsEkdifiH Macquarie wuúodkvfrS jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;uRrf;usifolynm&Sif a&Smifwm;em;uoHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
            ]]jrefrmEkdifiHrSm ydkNyD;vpfb&,f onf rwnft&if;tESD;tjzpftar&d tvmaumif;rsm;&Sdaomfvnf; EkdifiH                                                                                                               udkumudkvmukrÜPD? [dkw,f ukrP?D enf;ynmukrPrsm;jzpfaom   Ü                               Ü D
uswJh pD;yGm;a&;ywf0ef;usiftajc uefa':vm ig;oef;rS &Spoef;Mum;&Sd jcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolrsm;rSm jrefrmEkdifiH vkyfief;jzpfaom Marriott Internat- Panasonic ESihf Toshiba aumfya&;&Si;
                                                                                                                           f                                                                                                                                                                                                        kd              f
taeudk jzpfapr,ftpm; jynfwi;rSm &rnfjzpfNyD; jynfwGif;pD;yGm;a&;vkyf wGivma&muf&if;ES;jr§KyfE&ef wkYqi; ional Inc ? armfawmfum;ukrÜPDrsm; wdkYrSm jrefrmEkdifiHwGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef
                                 h                               G f                                                                              f                                D      HS         H dk f
  d                                                               D
&SwhJ wcsKdUaomolawGu jrefrmhp;yGm; ief;wpfckckESifh zufpyfjyKvkyf&rnf vsuf&Sdonf/                                                                                                                          jzpfaom qlZu;ukrPEihf Ford um; pdw0ifpm;aMumif;ajymMum;xm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  l D Ü D S                                    f
          k
a&;udvuf0g;BuD;tkyEizYkd wGe;tm; jzpfonf/f dk f                f
               k
ay;aeyHay:w,f}} [k ¤if;uqkonf/                           d                                                       G f
                                                                                         ,if;odYkjynfwi;pD;yGm;a&; vkyf
            tqdkygOya'opfonf udk,f ief;ESifh zufpyfvkyfief;jyKvkyf&mwGif
usKd;pD;yGm;umuG,fa&;oabmw&m; vkyfief;trsKd;tpm;tvkduf EkdifiHjcm;                                                                         ABSDF     ajrmufydkif;vlowfyGJ Oya't&ppfaq;Ekdif&ef
        k kd                                                          d f
rsm;ydryg0ifaejcif;aMumifh jrefrmEkiiH &if;ES;jr§KyfEorsm;u pkpaygif; t&if;          D          HS l                    k
wGif&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnfh EkdifiHjcm;ukrÜPD tESD;\ 39 &mckdifEIef;rS 49 &mcdkifEIef;
rsm;udk tm;avsmhoGm;apNyD; ,cif xdomydkifqkdifcGifh&Sdrnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                           aqmif&Gufrnf
tpkd;&vufxufuwnf;u vTrf;rdk;                                                             or®wOD;ode;pdeu jrefrmEkiiH &efukef? Mo*kwf 31
                                                                                                                f f                d f
xm;aom jynfwi;pD;yGm;a&;vkyief; odkY EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udkqGJ
                               G f                                  f                                                                                     jrefrmEkdifiHajrmufydkif; ucsif
&Sifrsm; (Crony) twGufom tusKd; aqmif&ef qE´&aeNyD; Oya'jyKtrwf jynfe,f 0di;armfa'owGif tajcpduf        dS                                                        k f                                   k
jzpfxGef;aprnfjzpfaMumif; ½dkufwm rsm; taejzifhwm;qD;ydwfyifrIrsm;udk aom jrefrmEkiiv;Hk qki&m ausmif;om;                                                             dfH            df
owif;wGifvnf;azmfjyxm;onf/                                                    ajzavQmhay;ap&ef or®wOD;odef;pdef rsm; 'Drdku&ufwpfwyfOD; (ABSDF)
            jrefrmEkiioYkvma&mufrnfh EkiiH taejzifh BudK;yrf;vsu&aMumif; tqdk ajrmufyi; yga*smifwyfpcef;ü 1992
                           dfH d                                       df                                          f dS                                     kd f
jcm;&if;ES;jr§KyErrsm;twGuf ta&;BuD; ygOya'ESihf ywfoufaeonfh owif; ckESpftwGif;jzpfyGm;cJhaom vlowfyGJ
                 D f HS I
aom Oya'jzpfonfh EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD; &if;jrpfrsm;uajymMum;onf/                                                                             rsm;twGuf w&m;Oya't&ppfaq;
jr§KyfESHrIOya'udk ,cktcgjrefrmEdkifiH                                                   jrefrmEkdifiHwGifvma&muf&if; ta&;,laqmif&uom;rnfjzpfaMumif;                       G f G
vTwfawmfwGif ig;vMumaqG;aEG; ES;jr§KyfErnfEiijH cm;ukrPrsm; tae ,if;tcseu vGwajrmufcol ABSDF
                                                                               D           HS h dk f                      Ü D                                 df               f             hJ
twnfjyKrIrsm;jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdonf/ jzifh rwnft&if;tES;D tar&duefa':vm ausmif ; om;&J a bmf a [mif ; rsm;u
            vTwfawmfodkYwifjyxm;aom ig;oef;rS &Spfoef;vdktyfjcif;? u@ ajymMum;onf/
EkdifiHjcm;&if;EDS;jr§KyfESHrIOya'Murf;rSm 13 ckwGif EkdifiHjcm;ukrÜPDrsm;&if;ESD;                                                                                        d f
                                                                                                                                                          ,if;tcseu tqdygwyfpcef;       k
tao;pm;ESifh tvwfpm;pD;yGm;a&; jr§KyfESHjcif;rS uefYowfjcif;rsm;onf wGif ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol&Jabmf
vkyfief;rsm;udk taxmuftuljyKEkdif EdkifiHjcm; ukrÜPDrsm; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif 300 &SdonfhtxJwGif ausmif;om;?                                                                                                        "mwfykH - ausmfpGmpkd;
&ef vuf&SdtcsdefxdjyifqifrI 94 ck &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef jyefvnfpOf;pm;rIrsm; ausmif;ol &Jabmf 107 OD;udk wyfrawmf awmf0ifESif;qDcef;rwGifjyKvkyfaom jrefrmjynfajrmufydkif;ausmif;om;
jyKvyxm;aMumif; ,if;Oya'jyK&mwGif jyKvkyf&ef wGef;tm;ay;vkdufouJhodkY axmufvr;a&;ujzpfonf[k pGypí &Jabmfa[mif;rsm;\ 92 yga*smif&Sif;wrf;
      kf                                                                                                                                                         S f                                   f JG
yg0ifywfoufaeaom owif;&if; jzpfom;apaMumif; or®wOD;odef;pdef zrf;qD;ESypufppfaq;rIaMumifh 1992
                                                                                       G                                                                      d f
jrpfrsm;uajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                         S
                                                                              ESifh tquftqH&Sdaom tpdk;&wm0ef ckEpf azazmf0g&Dv 12 &ufaeYu tm olawGtaeeJY 'gudkajymcGifh&zdkY tESpf &SdpOf &Sif;jyonf/
                     f
            vTwawmfwijf yifqifxm;aom &Sdolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
                                   G                                                                                                                  kf
                                                                                                                                           qHue;wGif &Jabmf 15 OD;? ppfaMuma&; ESpfq,fapmifhcJh&w,f/ tckudpö[m                                                                          ,if;udpö&yfESifhywfoufNyD;
Oya't& EkiijH cm;ukrPrsm;taeESihf
                       d f                Ü D                                            jrefrmEkdifiHwGifEkdifiHa&;? pD;yGm; 'PfaMumifh vufvGefaoqHk;ol 14 usefwJholawGtaeeJY yxrqHk;vlod oufqkdif&maoqHk;ol rdom;pkrsm;u
u@ 13 ckwGif&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHcGifhudk a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhNyD; OD;? taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh ao &SifMum;ajymjcif;yg/ 'DjzpfpOfawG w&m;Oya'aMumif;t& &ifqdkifvm
wm;jrpfxm;onf/ tqkdygwm;jrpf aemuf taemufEkdifiHrsm;u jrefrm qHk;ol udk;OD;&SdcJhNyD; usef 55 OD;rSm twGuf usef&pfolrdom;pkESifhtwl rnfqygu w&m;Oya'twdi; rSeref                                                                                                                         kd                                        kf fS
xm;aom u@rsm;rSm ukefxkwfvkyf EkdifiHtay:csrSwfxm;aom pD;yGm;a&; xGufajy;vGwfajrmufcJhaMumif; ,if; uRefawmfwYkd tm;vH;trIwnfaqmuf uefuef &ifqdkifajz&Sif;oGm;rnf[k                                                                         k
a&;u@? v,f,mu@? pkuysKd;a&; ydwfqdkYrIrsm;udk qkdif;iHhay;cJhonf/
                                                   d f                                                                                              d f
                                                                                                                                           tcseu rdbrsm;\ac:,ljcif;aMumifh NyD; Oya't&aqmif&urmjzpfygw,f}} ¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jyonf/            G fS
u@ESifhig;vkyfief;wkdYyg0ifonf/                                                                                                                                    G f
                                                                                         jrefrmEkiionf urÇmvSnc&D; jyefvnfvwajrmufvmol OD;bdbu [k ABSDF ajrmufydkif;wyfrawmf
                                                                                                   d f H                        hf                                                                  k kd                                                                                ,if;tzGUJ tpnf;udk 1988 ckEpf                             S
            xdYkjyifjrefrmEkiiwivma&muf oGm;u@rSonf opfawm? a&eHESifh ajymMum;onf/
                                     d f H G f                                                                                                                                                                                      f d f H                          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                            wGif ,if;tcsdeuEkiia&;ESihf pnf;½H; &Spav;vH; vlxawmfvea&;twGi;  f                 k           k                S f                     f
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnhf EkdifiHjcm;ukrÜPDrsm; obm0"mwfaiGUu@rsm;wGif tvm;                                                                                   ]]uRefawmfwdkYvGwfajrmufvm a&;wm0ef,lcJhol OD;ausmfEkdifOD;u yg0ifvy&m;cJol ausmif;om;vli,f                                       I f S h
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mo*kwfv 31 &ufü &efukefNrdKU rsm;onf ppftmPm&SifpepfcsKyfNidrf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                            awmf0ifESif;qDcef;rwGifjyKvkyfonfh a&;ESifh 'Drdkua&pDESifh vlYtcGifhta&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                            jrefrmjynfajrmufydkif;ausmif;om; ay:aygufapa&;wdYtwGuf ppftmPm&Sif                               k
       &cdkifoHk;NrdKYe,fudk ynmoifaxmufyHUaMu;ay;tyfrnf                                                                                                                                                                                                     S
                                                                                                                                                                                                            &Jabmfa[mif;rsm;\ 92 yga*smif&i;f wrf; tpd;&udk vufeufpuiawmfve&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   hf                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ESiywfoufaom owif;pm&Si;vif; 1988 ckESpf Edk0ifbmvwGif pwif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k                             JG kd f                    S f
      &efukef? Mo*kwf 31                                                                                                                                                                                    yGJwGif today;ajymMum;onf/                                 zGJUpnf;cJhNyD; te,fe,ft&yf&yfwGif
                                                    hH I                         f J S d
                    ynma&;axmufyraw;*DwazsmajzyGr&&Sonfh usyoe; 120 ausmukd y#dyu©rsm;aMumifh ynmoif,cihf         f d f                  f                                                      l G                       ,if;tcsdefu ,if; ABSDF pkpnf;um vufeufuiawmfvea&;                                            kd f              S f
      qHk;½HI;aeaom &cdkifjynfe,f NrdKUe,foHk;ckrS ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;twGuf ynmoifaxmufyHhp&dwftjzpf                                                                                                  ajrmufykdif;wyfrawmfwGif Ouú|rSm pcef;rsm;qDodkY oGm;a&mufyl;aygif;cJh
      ay;tyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; &cdkiftrsKd;om;uGef&ufxHrS od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                                        a&mfe,fatmifEkdifjzpfNyD; jrefrmEkdifiH Muonf/
                             k                  hH
                    tqdygaxmufyaMu;ay;tyfrnfh NrdKUe,frsm;rSm bl;oD;awmifNrdKUe,f? armifawmNrdKUe,fEihf &aohawmif                                                             S                                   k d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            vH;qki&m ausmif;om;rsm; 'Dru&uf               kd                            ,if;odYkaygif;pnf;um vufeuf
      NrdKUe,fwdkYjzpfaMumif; &cdkiftrsKd;om;uGef&ufrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                 wpfwyfOD; (A[dk) Ouú|tjzpfaqmif udiawmfvea&;rsm;ukd pOfqufrjywf  kf                  Sf
                    ]]t"duynmoif,lrIqHk;½HI;wm tJ'DNrdKUe,fawGu ausmif;om;awGyg/ tckcsdefxd pmwpfvHk;rSroif&                                                                                                          f hJ l S           f                         G
                                                                                                                                                                                                            &Gucorm Mo*kwv 31 &ufaeYwif vkyfaqmifaepOf 1991 ckESpf Mo*kwf
      ao;wJholawG&Sdw,f/ olwdkYtwGuf axmufyHhoGm;rSmyg}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                                                                                                        d f H                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ekiiawmfor®wBuD;ESihf tpd;&tzGUJ 0if vta&muf &Spfav;vHk; oHk;ESpfjynfh
                    &cdkifjynfe,fwGif qlyltMurf;zufrIrsm; wnfNidrfaeNyD[kqdkaomfvnf; tqdkygNrdKUe,frsm;&Sd pmoif                                                                                            rsm;ESifh 'Drdkua&pDta&;? trsKd;om; tcrf;tem;usif;y&ef tcsdefwGif
      ausmif; 200 eD;yg;cefYrSm ,cktcsdefxd jyefvnfzGifhvSpfEdkifjcif;r&Sdao;aMumif;? tqdkygNrdKUe,frsm;wGif                                                                                                jyefvnfoifjh rwfa&;udp&yfrsm; aqG; ABSDF (A[d)rS wyfom;pd;rif;atmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ö                                                  k                          k
      txufwef;txd ausmif;om;? ausmif;olpkpkaygif;OD;a& &Spfaomif;eD;yg;cefY ynmoif,lcGifhqHk;½HI;vsuf                                                                                                       aEG;&ef jrefrmEkdifiHodkYjyefvnfa&muf xGuajy;cJ&mrStpjyKum ,if;udzrf;qD; f h                                               k
      &SdaMumif; tqdkyguGef&uf\ ppfwrf;aumuf,lcsuft& od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                                             &Svmol a'gufwmEkiatmifjzpfaMumif; ppfaq;azmfxwcsursm;\ aemufquf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              d                            df                                                       k f f
                    ,if;odkY ynmoif,lcGifhqHk;½HI;aeonfh ausmif;om;rsm;rSm armifawmNrdKUe,fwGif 78ç304 OD;&SdNyD;                                                                                           ,if;owif;pm&Si;vif;yGro&onf/ wGrsm;aMumifh ,if;udprsm;jzpfym;cJonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f            J S d                  J                                     ö                G h
      bl;oD;awmifNrdKUe,fwGif 2810 OD;&SdaMumif;? &aohawmifNrdKUe,f&Sd ausmif;om;OD;a&pm&if;udkrl twdtus                                                                                                                  ]]tJh'Dtcsdefwkef;u uRefawmf                                                  ö S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ,if;udpEiywfoufí tqdyg                                k
      rod&Sd&ao;aMumif; tqdkyguGef&uf\ ajyma&;qdkcGifh&SdolwpfOD;uqdkonf/                                                                                                                                   u awmifydkif;rSm&Sdaewm ajrmufydkif; wyfpcef;tusOf;axmifwGif awmf
                    ,if;enf;wl &cdkifjynfe,f ppfawGNrdKU&Sd rD;ab;oifhu,fq,fa&;pcef;rsm;wGifvnf; ausmif;om;                                                                                                 rSmjzpfaewmawG uRefawmfrodvkduf vSefa&;[k rw&m;pGyfpGJcH&um n§Of;
                                                           l kd f
      ausmif;olrsm; ynmoif,Ei&ef ynmoifaxmufyaMu;rsm; ta&;ay:vdtyfvsu&aMumif; tqdygrD;ab;oifh        hH                                k             f dS                        k                          bl;/ A[dkuawmifydkif;A[dkeJY ajrmuf yef;ESypufc&if; usq;oGm;ol ]OD;pde}f  d f         H                 kH
      'ku©onfpcef;rsm;udk ulnDapmifha&SmufrIrsm;jyKvkyfaeonfh vlrIulnDa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHrSod&Sd&onf/                                                                                                       ydkif;A[dkqkdNyD; ESpfck&Sdw,f/ uRefawmf \orD;a':prf;prf;at;u ¤if;zcif
                    tqdkygaw;*DwazsmfajzyGJudk &efukefNrdKUtrsKd;om;uZmwf½HkwGif Mo*kwfv 19 &ufaeY nae 6 em&D                                                                                               uowfNyD;rSod&wm/ xyfrvkyfzdkYyJ aoqH;rItwGuf ,if;tcseuwm0ef                 k                                     d f
      tcsdefüusif;ycJhNyD; &cdkiftEkynm&Sifrsm;tygt0if Lazy Club wD;0dkif;eJYtwl Reason (atmifvtzGJU)? Wanted                                                                                               uRefawmf owday;Ekdifw,f}} [k &SdolckepfOD;udk 2012 ckESpf Mo*kwfv
      (azmfumwdkYtzGJU)? xl;t,fvif;? aemaemf? L vGef;0g? [Jav;? ÓPfvif;atmif? nDol[ef? 'Daevif;?                                                                                                            a'gufwmEkdifatmifu Mo*kwfv 31 19 &ufaeYu ajrmufOuúvmy&Jpcef;
      csrf;csrf;? L qdkif;ZD ponfh tEkynm&Sifrsm;pGmwdkYu azsmfajzoDqdkcJhMuaMumif; &cdkiftrsKd;om;uGef&ufxHrS                                                                                              &ufaeY rGef;vGJ 2 em&DwGif &efukef wGif y^869^ 12^302 jzifh yxrqHk;
      od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                            tjynfjynfqkdif&mavqdyfodkYa&muf trIzGifhwdkifMum;cJhonf/
   D
   48
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




0dZÆm? odyÜHwuúodkvfrsm;wGif r[mXmeBuD;rsm;jyefvnfzGJYpnf;rnf
rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 29
        nma&;0efBuD;Xmevufatmuf&Sd 0dZÆm? odyÜHbmom&yfoifwuúodkvfrsm;wGif vuf&Sdbmom&yfqkdif&moifMum;a&;Xmersm;udkpkpnf;NyD; r[mXmeBuD;ajcmufckzGJUpnf;oGm;&ef Mo*kwfv 27
        &ufaeYü rEÅav;wuúodkvfbGJUESif;obifcef;rwGifusif;yonfh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrItwGuf ynma&;qkdif&ma'oEÅ&tqifhaqG;aEG;yGJ(tqifhjrifhynmu@) wGif ygarmu©csKyfrsm;uaqG;aEG;
qHk;jzwfcJhonf[k ,if;aqG;aEG;yGJudkwufa&mufcJhaom ygarmu©csKyfrsm;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
        zGUJ pnf;rnfr[mXmeBuD; ajcmuf &Guf&eftwGuf n§dEIdif;aqmif&Guf&ef eJY rEÅav;wuúovrm OD;ae0if;tpd;& a[mif;wpfOD;uqkdonf/
                            h                                                                                       kd f S                    k                                                     ynma&;0efBuD;Xmeatmuf&Sd
ckrSm ½lyaA'? "mwkaA'? ukefxkwf wkdYudk owfrSwfxm;aMumif;? ,if; rtkyfcsKyfciftxd &Sdzl;w,f/ r[m                                                                                        S f
                                                                                                                                                    tvm;wlyif 1964 ckEpaemuf 0dZÆm? odyÜHwuúodkvfrsm;wGif bmom
"mwk? blrdaA'? yx0D? tPÖ0g odyÜH uJhokdY r[mXmersm;zGJUpnf;&jcif;rSm XmerSL;awGukd cefYtyfci&wwuúovf ydkif; &efukefwuúodkvfuzsufodrf; &yfpkpkaygif; 21 ckoifMum;aeNyD;
                                                                                                                           G hf dS hJ     kd
wkYdyg0ifonf½yoyqi&mr[mXme EdkifiHwumwuúodkvfrsm;taejzifh qD;edwtzGUJ rSmvnf; ausmif;om;or*¾ onfh r[mXmersm;udvnf; r[mXme jrefrmEkdifiHwpf0ef; ynma&;0efBuD;
                       h
                       ½kk f d HÜ dk f mr[mXme?                                                          f                                                              k
                                                                     d S        D hH kd
owåaA'? ½ku©aA'wkdYyg0ifaom r[mXmersm;&Srom ulnyy;ay;avh udk,fpm;vS,f rJay;cGifh&Sdw,fav/ BuD;ckepfcktjzpfjyefvnfzGJUpnf;rnf Xmetygt0if tjcm;0efBuD;Xmersm;
ouf&Sdoyynmr[mXme? ocsmbm &SaomaMumifh bmom&yfwpfckcsif;pD 'gawGudkvkyfay;Ekdif&if tpdk;&odu©m jzpfaMumif; ½lyaA'tNidr;pm;ygarmu© vufatmuf&Sd wuúodkvfpkpkaygif;
                d HÜ nmr[mXme                      F d                                                                                                                         f
om&yfESifh uGefysLwmXmewkdYyl;aygif; cGJjcm;NyD; &yfwnfaeaom wuúodkvf ydkjrifhEkdifw,f}}[k touf 70 ausmf&Sd a'gufwmwifvIdifu The Voice 165 ck&Sdonf/
xm;onfh ocsFmESiwucsufrIr[m rsm;rS bmom&yfrsm;pkpnf;xm;onfh rEÅav;wuúovausmif;om;or*¾0if Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
                               hf G f                                                                           kd f
Xme? yx0D0if? c&D;oGm;vkyief;? owif; r[mXmersm;tjzpf taumiftxnf
                                       f
pmynm? EkdifiHwum qufqHa&;? azmfjcif;jzpfaMumif;? 2013 ckESpfwGif
pdwfynm? rEkóaA'? pmMunhfwkduf ,if;r[mXmersm;ukdzGJUpnf; aqmif
ynmwkYdaygif;pyfNyD; vlroyynm&yf? &GufoGm;rnf[k aqG;aEG;yGJudkwuf
                                     I d HÜ
jrefrmpm? t*Fvdyfpm? ordkif;? ta&SU a&mufcJhonfh ygarmu©csKyfwpfOD;u
                                                                                           aejynfawmfwGif &Jt&m&SdfwpfOD; rD;½dIYaoqHk;
wki;f ynm? 'óedu? a&S;a[mif;okaw xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
   d                                                                                            &efukef? Mo*kwf 30
oeynmwkdYESifh aygif;pyfxm;onfh                          ]]tckusif;ycJhwJh aqG;aEG;yGJu                                                                         d                kd
                                                                                                       jrefrmEdkifiHtpdk;&tzGJU½Hk;pdkuf&m aMumif;awGU&S&í trIuaejynfawmf aom ykvif;wpfvHk;ESifh ¤if;vufxJ
tEkynmESifh vlom;qkdif&mr[mXme qHk;jzwfcJhwJhr[mXmeawGzGJUpnf;r,fh aejynfawmfaumifpDe,fajrtwGif;&Sd ysOf;rem; aorIaocif;trSwf 36^ wGif pdyyw;D wpfu;kH udivsuf ikwwwf                                  fk          kf       f k
ESihf Oya'ynmr[mXme Yk ukd zGUJ pnf; udpöudk txuf? atmuftqifhjrifh OyÜgwoEÅapwDawmfteD; &Gmaumuf 2012 t& pHkprf;ppfaq;cJhaMumif; taetxm;jzifh aoqHk;aejcif;jzpf
      Oya'ynmr[mXmewd                                                                                        d
rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;wkYd xro&onf/ ynmOD;pD;XmeawGu n§dEIdif;a&;qGJ aus;&Gm &wemyef;cif;(3)vrf; aAm"d ¤if;\ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/ aMumif; &Jt&m&SdrsKd;jrifhOD;u ajymqdk
                                      H S d
        zG J U pnf;rnfhr[mXmersm;udk NyD;&if ygarmu©csKyfawGudk csjyaqG; ,u©b&m;&ifjyifawmfwif Mo*kwv      k                      G     f                 G f JS
                                                                                                                                                    ]]&yfuuxrmawmh *rÇ&avmu onf/    D
BuD;Muyf&ef r[mXmerSL;rsm;udk bm aEG;NyD;rS oabmwlnDcsuf,lr,f}}[k 28 &ufaeY nae 3 em&DausmfcefYu eJY tquftoG,f&Sdovdkvdk&Sdw,fvdkY                                                                  tqdkygaoqHk;rItwGuf rIcif;
om&yfqi&mXmersm;rS ygarmu©rsm;udk tqifhjrifhynmOD;pD;Xme (txuf owif;wyfzGJUrS &Jtkyftqifh&Sdonfh ajymaeMuw,f/ trSeawmh pdwcsKUd ,Gi;f aq;q&m0ef\ aq;rSwfwrf;rSm
              dk f                                                                                                                                                    f                  f
tvSnuswm0efay;tyf&efESifh r[m jrefrmjynf) nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf t&m&SdwpfOD; rdrdudk,fudk,frD;½dIU&mrS oGm;wmjzpfEiw,f}}[k rIcif;&JwyfzUJG Mo*kwfv 30 &ufaeY nae 5 em&D
         hf                                                                                                                                                  kd f
XmerSL;rsm;\oufwrf;udk ynmoif a'gufwmpdk;0if;uqkdonf/                                           rD;avmifaoqH;oGm;aMumif; ysO;rem; ESifh eD;pyfonfh q&m0efwpfOD;u cefYtxd rxkwjf yefEiao;aMumif;ESifh
                                                                                                                  k                   f                                                                          kd f
ESpf 2 ESpftxdowfrSwfxm;NyD; r[m                         zGJUpnf;wnfaxmifrnfh r[m NrdKUe,f &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;\ wm0efus&J rSwfcsufjyKajymqdkonf/                                                   wm0efcsdefwGif aoqHk;jcif;[kwf?
                                                                   Æ      HÜ            kd f
Xmersm;\vkyfydkifcGifhESifh wm0efrsm; Xmersm;udk 0dZmESihf odywuúovrsm; t&m&SdrsKd;jrifhOD;u twnfjyKajym                                            aoqH;k ol&t&m&Srm aejynfawmf r[kwukd twnfrjyKEdiao;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                  J         dS                       f                k f
rSm oD;jcm;½H;tzGUJ zGUJ pnf;&ef? r[mXme tjyif ynma&;wuúodkvf? pD;yGm;a&; Mum;onf/
                    k                                                                                                                            owif;wyfzUJG (SB)rS &Jty0if;jrifoef; The Voice Weekly \ qufo,ar;
                                                                                                                                                                              kf           h                               G f
rsm;wGifyg0ifaom oifMum;a&;? wuúovEihf EkiijH cm;bmomwuúovfkd f S d f                        kd        aejynfawmfysOf;rem;teD; &Gm qdkoljzpfNyD; touf 41 ESpft&G,f&Sd jref;rIudk ysOf;rem;NrdKUe,f &JwyfzGJUrSL;
                                                       G f
okawoejyKa&;? t&nftaoG;wk;d wuf wdYk wivnf; zJUG pnf;&efyg0ifonf[k aumufaus;&GmtkyptwGi;&Sd a&TAsKi; tdraxmifonf &JwyfzUJG 0ifwpfO;jzpf ½Hk;rS wm0efus&Jt&m&SdrsKd;jrifhOD;u
                                                                                                                       f k          f        d f  f                                          D
                                                              J kd           hJ           f
jrifhrm;a&; tpDtrHrsm;ESifh oifMum; aqG;aEG;yGuwufa&mufcol csi;jynf tif;bkef;awmfBuD;ESifh udkuf 200 cefY aMumif;ESihf ¤if;aoqH;rIjzpfym;cJonfh jyefvnfajzMum;onf/        k           G h
a&;tpD tpOfopfrsm;udk n§Ei;aqmif e,fvra&;0efBuD; a'gufwmbarmif uGma0;aom aAm"d,u©bk&m;&ifjyif ae&mteD;wGif t&ufyvif;[k,q&
                                         d dI f           l I                                                                                                               k                  l
&Gu&ef ESihf Ediiwumwuúovrsm;? u ajymMum;onf/
      f               k f H                     kd f                                            twGif;ü trnfrodtrsKd;om;wpfOD;
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh yl;aygif;aqmif                       ]]r[mXmeawGudkt&if &efukef rD;avmif'Pf&mrsm;ESifh aoqHk;ae
                                                                                                                                         UN 0efxrf;a[mif;wpfO;D udk                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         axmifo;kH ESpcs
                                                                                                                                         &efukef? Mo*kwf 31
            S            Ü           G
    pifumylEiUf jrefrmukrPMD um;jzpfym;onfU yJjyóemajyvnf                                                                                             vGefcJhaomoHk;vcefYu &cdkif
                                                                                                                                         jynfe,f armifawm qlyltMurf;zuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                            kf                          k kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                          EdiijH cm;aiGtrIwpfcuom tNyD;owf
                                                                                                                                                                                                          pD&if jypf'PfcsrSwfjcif;jzpfaMumif;
    &efukef? Mo*kwf 30                                                                                                                   rI E S i f h y wf o uf í ZG e f v twG i f ; u                    ¤if;u xyfrH&Sif;jyonf/
            pifumylEdkifiHrSyJ0,f,laom ukrÜPDwpfckESifh jrefrmukrÜPDwdkYtMum;jzpfyGm;onfh yJzdk;ay;acs&efysufuGuf                        zrf;qD;cHxm;&onfh ukvor*¾0efxrf;                                             k                  G h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   &cdijf ynfe,fwiNf y;D cJonfh ZGev   f
    rIjyóemonf ,cktcgajyvnfrI&&SdoGm;NyDjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHyJrsKd;pHkESifh ESrf;ukefonfrsm;toif;Ouú|                               a[mif; a'gufwmxGef;atmif (c)                                                             G h
                                                                                                                                                                                                          twGi;f pwifjzpfym;cJaom qlytMurf;    l
    OD;xGef;vGifu The Voice Weekly \ qufoG,far;jref;rIudk jyefvnfajzMum;onf/                                                             El&m[wfukd 1947 ckESpf EdkifiHjcm;aiG                            zufrIrsm;yg0ifywfoufcJhNyD; axmif
            jrefrmEdkifiH &efukefNrdKUawmftajcpdkuf a&Tausmif;awmfyJrsKd;pHkukrÜPDonf yJaps;uscsdeftwGif;u pifumyl                                  S f I
                                                                                                                                         vJv,rpnf;rsOf;owfrwa&; tuf               S f                     'PftoD;oD;uscHcJh&aom UN ESifh
    EdkifiH\ yJukrÜPDBuD;wpfckjzpfaom Swiss Singapore ukrÜPDodkY tar&duefa':vm av;odef;ESpfaomif;ausmf                                                    f
                                                                                                                                         Oya'yk'r 24(1) udk usL;vGeaMumif;              f                                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                                          INGO 0efxrf;oH;OD;jzpfonfh UNHCR
    wefzdk;&Sd yJrsm;udk FOB pepfjzifha&mif;csonfh pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkxm;cJh&m vuf&SdyJrsKd;pHkaps;EIef;rsm; jrifhwufcsdefwGif                      H                        f S hf
                                                                                                                                         0efcojzifh tvkyEiaxmif'Pfo;Hk ESpf                               0efxrf; tP0gqm'Pf (c) cifarmif?
    ukefay;oGif;&ef ysufuGufcJhonfhtwGuf jynfyukrÜPDbufrS jrefrmEdkifiHyJrsKd;pHkESifh ESrf;ukefonfrsm;toif;odkY                                  H
                                                                                                                                         uscap&ef Mo*kwf v 30 &ufaeYwif                            G                               d ©
                                                                                                                                                                                                          ukvor*¾pm;eyf&umtpDtpOf (WFP)
              G f kd                                  f       f        G
    qufo,wiMf um;vmjcif;omjzpfaMumif;? xGuajy;wdr;a&Smifom;onfueonfr&SaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
                                                                               h kf      d                                               ppfawGc½dkifw&m;½Hk;u trdefYcsrSwfcJh                                                            G  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0efxrf; OD;cifa&T? &yf&mvlxzUHG NzdK;a&;
            ]]tjyifrSm ajymaeMuovdk aiGvdrfNyD;xGufajy;wmr[kwfygbl;/ jzpfoGm;wJhukrÜPDuvnf; 'Dwpfckwnf;                                                             k
                                                                                                                                         onf[k tqdygw&m;½H;a&SUaewpfO;          k                    D         H f
                                                                                                                                                                                                          pDrcsu(CSSEP)0efxrf; a':csKav;rm       d
    yg/ jyóemjzpfoGm;wJhukrÜPDESpfcku t&ifht&ifuwnf;u rdwfzufukrÜPDawGyg/ yJaps;awGjrifhvmvdkY ukef                                      uajymMum;onf/                                                    wdkYukd axmif'PftoD;oD;csrSwfcJhNyD;
    tyfzdkYtcuftcJjzpfoGm;wmyg/ 28 &ufaeYun§dvdkufwm ESpfzufvHk;ajyvnfrI&oGm;ygNyD/ ukefudkawmh roGif;                                                    kf
                                                                                                                                                      ]]EdiijH cm;aiGtrIwpfcuyJ tNyD; k kd                ¤if;wdkYukd EdkifiHawmf\ arwåmESifh
    EdkifawmhvdkY aiGom;udkvtvdkufcGJNyD; jyefqyfoGm;zdkYoabmwlvdkufMuygw,f}}[k OD;xGef;vGifuqdkonf/                                     owfjypf'Pfcsrwwmyg/ usewtrI    S f                 f hJ          apwemwdkYem;vnfNyD; rdrdtusKd;?
    vuf&Sd jynfwGif;yJaps;uGuftwGif;ü xGufajy;wdrf;a&Smifrnfh yJukefonfrsm;&SdaeaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;                             J              kd
                                                                                                                                         wGawGuawmh qufvufppfaq;aeyg                                      EdkifiHhtusKd;twGuf trsm;jynfolESifh
    a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;0if;jrifhu Mo*kwfv 26 &ufaeYwGifusif;yonfh jrefrmh                                      w,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/                                            twl wm0efxrf;aqmifoGm;Edkif&ef
    v,f,mpD;yGm;trsm;ydkifaumfydka&;&Sif;\ tpk&S,f,ma&mif;csonfh tcrf;tem;ü ajymMum;cJhonf/                                                                   k
                                                                                                                                                      tqdyg UNHCR 0efxrf;a[mif;                             k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ediiawmfor®wu jypf'PfvwNf idr;           G     f
            ]]xGufajy;wmawmhr&Sdygbl;/ aps;uGm[wmaMumifh jzpfoGm;wmyg/ tckn§dEdIif;ay;aewm ajyvnfoGm;                                    El&m[wf (c) a'gufwm xGef;atmif                                   cGifhay;vdkufaMumif; Mo*kwfv 29
    ygNyD}} [k bk&ifhaemifukefpnf'dkifwm0ef&Sdol OD;tkef;qdkifuqdkonf/                                                                   udk qlyltMurf;zufrIESifhywfouf                                                 G              k k
                                                                                                                                                                                                          &ufaeYwif or®w½H;rSxwjf yefaMunm
            vwfwavm yJaps;uGuftwGif;jzpfay:cJhonfh yJjyóemonf BudKa&mif;BudK0,faMumifhjzpfonfh jyóem                                                            f
                                                                                                                                         onfh pm&Gupmwrf;rsm;ESitwl ZGev           hf            f        cJhonf/
    r[kwfaMumif;? yJaps;EIef;twuftusrsm;aMumifh FOB pepfjzifh ta&mif;t0,fvkyfxm;olrsm;tMum; ukef                                                                  Gf
                                                                                                                                         11 &ufaeYwizrf;qD;cJNh yD; jypfrqi&m              I kd f                  &cdkifjynfe,fwGif qlyltMurf;
    rtyfEdkifbJ aESmifhaES;aejcif;aMumifh jzpf&jcif;jzpfaMumif;? yJBudKa&mif;BudK0,frjyKvkyf&eftwGufvnf; w&m;0if                         Oya'yk'fr 153-u^ 505 (*)^148                                     zufrIrsm;aMumifh tdrfajcaygif; 4000
    xkwfjyefxm;NyD;jzpfonfhtwGuf vuf&SdjynfwGif;yJaps;uGufü BudKa&mif;BudK0,fjyóemvHk;0r&SdaMumif; jrefrm                                jzifhvnf;aumif;? BudK;rJhaMu;eef; 6                              ausm?f pmoifausmif; 18 ausmif;ESifh
    EdkifiH yJrsKd;pHkESifh ESrf;ukefonfrsm;toif;twGif;a&;rSL; OD;rif;udkOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                               (1) jzifhvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHjcm;aiG                                    f                    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                          bke;BuD;ausmif;oH;ausmif; rD;avmif
            jrefrmEdkifiHyJaps;uGufudk t"ducsKyfudkifxm;aom yJukefonfBuD;&SpfOD; yg0ifywfoufaeonfh usyf                                  24 (1) jzifhvnf;aumif;? jypfrIyk'fr                                  k I h           D
                                                                                                                                                                                                          qH;½H;cJ&NyD; vlO;a& 87 OD; aoqH;um        k
    bDvD,H 200 ausmfay;&ef? &&efaiGaMu;t½IyfawmfyHkBuD;wpfck 2008 ckESpfwGif jzpfyGm;cJhNyD; 2009 ESpfOD;ydkif;u                                                  h
                                                                                                                                         468^420 jzifvnf;aumif;? ta&;ay:                                  'ku©onf ajcmufaomif;ausmftxd
    bk&ifhaemifukefpnf'dkiftwGif; "m;xdk;rIjzpfyGm;cJhonf/                                                                                    H                       h
                                                                                                                                         pDrrI 5 (n) jzifvnf;aumif; trIig;rI                              &SdaMumif; od&onf/
                                                                                                                                         jzifh pGJcsufwifppfaq;vsuf&Sd&m
 Vol.8 / No.35 - September 3 - 9 , 2012                                                                                                                 THE VOICE WEEKLY 33




                                                              NEWS
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                 The




 FOREIGN INVESTMENT




                      f l             kÜ               S                       DI
oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkexaxmif&ef *syefurPBD u;D oH;k ckEihf jrefrmtpd;k &oabmwlnr&&Sd
&efukef? Mo*kwf 28
            yGm;a&;t& tcsuftcsmus onfh NrdKUawmfa[mif; &efukefESifhuyfvsuf&Sdonfh oDv0gqdyfurf;wGif txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef (Special Economic Zone) wnfaxmif&ef jrefrmEdkifiHtpdk;&ESifh
  pD;       *syefpufrIpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;tkyfpk oHk;ckwdkYoabmwlnDrI&&Sdxm;aMumif; jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHukefonfrsm;ESifh pufrIvufrIvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;csKyf (UMFCCI)
Ouú| OD;0if;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
           tqdkygoabmwlnDcsuft&                              tqdkygtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefwGif rsm;udk today;aqG;aEG;pOf UMFCCI twGuf *syeftpdk;&u b@ma&; r[kwfaMumif; vkyfief;&SiftcsKdUu
                                                               k f H     f kd f G hf d
*syefEdkifiHrS emrnfausmf rpfqlbD&SD jrefrmEdiiu vkyyici&&Sxm;aom Ouú| OD;0if;atmifu ajymMum;onf/ qdkif&m ulnDaxmufyHhrIrsm; jyKvkyf ajymMum;onf/
                               D
Mitsubishi Corp, rm½lbeD Marubeni                         f
                                                     vkyief;yrmPudk wpfO;wpfa,muf   D                                                       hf
                                                                                                  ]]rnfolrqdk &S,f,m0ifvdkY oGm;vdrrnfjzpfaMumif; OD;0if;atmif                    jrefrmEdkifiHwGif *syefEdkifiHu
Corp ESifh qlrDwdkrdk Sumitomo Corp                                                                       f
                                                     aumif ; pm;a&;twG u f r [k w f b J &ygw,f/ &S,,m0ifvYkd &r,fh tcsdef u qdkonf/                                          tar&duefa':vm 216 'or 220
                                                              k f k Ü D l                f kd
wdkYonf ajrtus,ft0ef; [ufwm trsm;ydiurPxaxmifNyD; vkyuif udk yGifhyGifhvif;vif; aMunmay;oGm;                                             oDv0g txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkefudk rDvD,H &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHxm;NyD; EdkifiH
                                                                                                                                          k f k f kd f
2400 us,f0ef;aom ,if;txl; oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? oDv0g txl; r,f/ &S,f,m0ifvdkY&r,fhaiGaMu; trsm;ydivyuirnfqojzifh BudKqdk tvdkuf trsm;qHk;0ifa&muf&if;ESD;  kd
pD ; yG m ;a&;Zk e f w G i f 49 &mcd k i f E I e f ; pD;yGm;a&;ZkefwGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef yrmPudkyg aMunmoGm;r,f}} [k aomfvnf; ,if;txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef jr§KyfESHrIESifhqdkygu tqifh 14 wGif
      f kd f G hf d                       k f H
vkyuici&&SrnfjzpfNyD; jrefrmEdiirS jynfwGif;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;udk zdwfac: ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                pwiftaumiftxnfazmfrnfh umv? &Sdonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH
                  f                     k f I f
pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;rsm;u 56 &mcdiEe; aMumif; Mo*kwfv 11 &ufaeYu                                                                                                                                  kfHS
                                                                                                  puf½Hkrsm;? tvkyf½Hkrsm;ESifh yg0ifrnfh pDrHudef;rsm;? &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI xm;rI trsm;qH;k Ediirm w½kwjf ynfoYl
vkyfudkifcGifh&&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u UMFCCI wGif jyKvkyfaom ,if; obm0"mwfaiGUpGrf;tifoHk;vQyfppf yrmPrsm;udk &Sif;vif;ajymqdk&ef or®wEdkifiHjzpfNyD; tar&duefa':vm
qdkonf/                                              pD;yGm;a&;ZkeEihf ywfoufí vkyief;&Sif "mwftm;xkwfpuf½Hkwpfckyg0ifrnfh vdtyfaMumif;? ¤if;wdYk vyief;rsm;ESihf 13ç947 'or 146 rDv,&um 'kw,
                                                                     fS                f                                              k                     k f                                     D H dS      d
 FOREIGN AFFAIRS
                                                                                              ,if;oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef\ roufqdkifaom pDrHudef;rsm;om trsm;qHk;tjzpf xdkif;EdkifiHu 9568
                                                                                                                                                                                         D H          f HS
                                                                                              tajccH t aqmuf t OD zG H U Nzd K ;a&; yg0ifrnfqdkygu &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnf 'or 093rDv,&if;ES;D jrK§ yExm;onf/
uae'gukefoG,fa&;0efBu;D                                                                           POLITICS



        dfH
jrefrmEkiiohkd yxrqk;H vma&mufrnf                                                                 jrefrmwyfrawmfudk uav;tcGifUta&;csKd;azmufonfU
tkdwm0g? Mo*kwf 27
        taemufEiirsm;u jrefrmEkiiH
                  dk f H
tay:csrSwfxm;aom pD;yGm;a&;ydwf
                                    d f   yl;wGJOuú|tjzpf wm0ef,lrnfjzpf
                                          onf/                                                    tzGJYtpnf;pm&if;rS ukvy,fzsufrnf
qkdYrIrsm;udk &yfqdkif;? ajzavQmhrIrsm;           uae'gukefoG,fa&;0efBuD;                         &efukef? Mo*kwf 29
jyKvkyfcJhNyD;aemuf uae'gukefoG,f         onf ta&SUawmiftm&SEkdifiHrsm;odkY                              ukvor*¾twGif;a&;rSL;csKyfbefuDrGef;\ ESpfywfvnftpD&ifcHpmwGif azmfjyxm;aom uav;tcGifh
a&;0efBuD; Ad Fast onf jrefrmEkdifiH      tvnf t ywf v ma&muf & mwG i f                           ta&;qkd;&Gm;pGm csKd;azmufonfhtzGJUtpnf;pm&if;rS jrefrmhwyfrawmfudk y,fzsufawmhrnfjzpfaMumif;
odkYyxrqHk;tBudrftjzpf pufwif             AD,uferf? xdkif;? uarÇm'D;,m;EkdifiH                    ukvor*¾ uav;rsm; &efykHaiGtzGJU (jrefrm)\ Xmaeudk,fpm;vS,frpöwm&mruf&Sf½S&omu ajymMum;onf/
bmv 2 &ufaeYwGiftvnftywf                  rsm;odkYtvnftywfoGm;a&mufrnf                                                                                            S hf l I            l            f G fG
                                                                                                         jrefrmhwyfrawmftaejzifh uav;ppfom; 42 OD;udk ukvor*¾Eivr0efxrf;XmewdYky;aygif;NyD; Ekwxucihf
c&D;vma&mufrnfjzpfaMumif; uae'g           jzpfNyD; aemufqHk;tjzpfjrefrmEdkifiHodkY                          h         d f H         k f d f                           k
                                                                                                  ay;onftay: Ekiiwumtodi;t0ki;uteD;uyfapmifMh unhNf yD; qH;jzwfcjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkonf/     d
ukefoG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme½Hk;\ ajym                                G
                                          tvnftywfom;a&mufrnfjzpfonf/                                                                                                               f       I
                                                                                                         tvm;wlyif 2004 ckESpfrS 2012 ckESpfZlvkdifvtxd uav;ppfom; 600 ausmukd ppfrxrf;rSEwxuf    k f G
Mum;csufudkudk;um;í CNA owif;                     tmqD,Honf uae'gEkdifiH\                         apcJhNyD; rdbae&yfxHjyefydkYcJhaMumif; umuG,fa&;0efBuD;XmerS AdkvfrSL;BuD;armifarmif&Sif;u Mo*kwfv 22
wGifazmfjyxm;onf/                         uk e f o G , f z uf E k d i f i H r sm;tqif h w G i f   &uf aeYwGif 'nif;ukef;pkaqmif;a&;üusif;yaom tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJwGif ajymMum;onf/
        uae'gukefoG,fa&;0efBuD;           tqifh 7ae&mwGif&SdNyD; ,refESpfu                               jrefrmEkdifiHtpdk;&onf t&G,f ra&mufol uav;i,frsm;ppfrIxrf;jcif;rS umuG,f&efukvor*¾vHkNcHK
onf uarÇm'D;,m;EkdifiHwGifjyKvkyf             f       kf G fI
                                          ESpzufueo,ryrmPrSm tar&duef                             a&;aumifpD\ qHk;jzwfcsuftrSwf 1612 twdkif;vkdufemaomfvnf; atmufajc&Sdwyfom;pkaqmif;olrsm;
rnfh yxrqkH;tBudrfusif;yaom               a':vm 15 'or 5 bDvD,HyrmP                                                                                            f         f        f
                                                                                                  tMum;wGif todynm? twwfynmenf;yg;jcif;aMumifh umuG,a&;vkyief;rsm;wGitcuftcJawG&aeaMumif;      dS
tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;ESifh uae'grSpD;yGm;     &Sdonf/                                                    D
                                                                                                  ,lequfowif;xkwjf yefcsufwGifazmfjyxm;onf/
a&;0efBuD;rsm;awGUqHkaqG;aEG;yGJwGif
The
      4
  VOICE                LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                  POLITICS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012



                                                                                     EDITORIAL




                                                                    Oya'ESifUtnD                                                                                                             tpdk;&ESifU jynfya&muf EdkifiHa&;
            tmPm&SipepfrS 'Drua&pDpepfoYkd toGiu;ajymif;qJumvwGif zGYJ pnf;yktajccHOya't& tmPmok;&yf
                         f
                                 f d f
                                            kd
                                                           h
                                                                            f l
  tMum; tjyeftvSexe;ndM§ uonftcg em;vnfrvrm;rI? tacstwiftjiif;yGm;rI? yGwwurwYkd jzpfay:wwf
                                                                                I JG S
                                                                                                                                 H
                                                                                                                                                 f kd f I
                                                                                                                                                                                  H          tiftm;pkrsm; awGYrnf
  onfudk urÇmay:&Sdtjcm;aom toGifajymif;EdkifiHrsm;\ jzpfpOfrsm;udk avhvmMunfhvQif odEdkifygonf/                                                                                             &efukef? Mo*kwf 30
                   f       G                     k f
  tmPm&Sipepfwif tmPmyditjzpfEihf xdpepfatmuf ESpaygif; ig;q,fcefY aexdivmcJ&onfh jrefrmEdiiom;
                                                             S k                            f                                         k f h                              k f H                        pdk;&tzGJU\ zdwfMum;csuft& jrefrmEdkifiHukdjyefvmrnfh jynfy
  tm;vkH;xHü xdkpepf\ MoZmoufa&mufrI tenf;ESifhtrsm;qdkovdk &Sdygonf/ vuf&SdtmPmokH;&yfpvkH;wGif                                                                                               t      a&muf E d k i f i H a &;tif t m;pk r sm;ES i f h tpd k ; &tzG J U 0if j ynf a xmif p k
    d                  H                                                               k
  &SaeMuoltm;vk;onf The Voice Weekly u tpOfwpduf a&;om;ajymqdconfh pepfajymif; tkycsKyforajymif;                      k hJ                                 f           l                     0efBuD;rsm; &efukefNrdKUawmfwGif vmrnfh&uftenf;i,ftwGif; awGUqHk
                                     k                            f kd f
  oabmt& ,ciftpd;&ta[mif;wGif xdyyi;wm0efrsm; xrf;aqmifcMhJ uolrsm;jzpfaomaMumifh ,cifpepfa[mif;rS                                                                                           oGm;Edkif&efpDpOfaqmif&GufaeaMumif; ,if;awGUqHkaqG;aEG;yGJjzpfajrmuf
  pOf;pm;awG;ac:rI? jyKrIaqmif&GufrIt&dyfrsm; rvGwfEdkifao;onfudkvnf; od&Sdxm;&rnfjzpfygonf/                                                                                                 &ef pDpOfaqmif&Gufaeaom tusKd;aqmifwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly \
                                                                         dk
            tajctaet&yf&yft& pepfajymif;&efvtyfaeaomaMumifh xdyyi;wm0ef&otenf;i,fu tajymif;tvJ                f kd f               dS l                                                      ar;jref;rIudk jyefvnfajzMum;onf/
  wpf&yf taumiftxnfazmfonfhtcg ajymif;aeaompepfudk oabmobm0ESifhwuG em;vnfEdkifolrSmrsm;pGm                                                                                                         ]]&ef u k e f r S m vk y f j zpf r S m yg/
  enf;yg;ygonf/ xdtcg ,ciftpd;&ta[mif;vufxufwif a&;qG?J twnfjyK? jy|mef;xm;onfh zJUG pnf;yktajccH
                               k                       k                                      G                                                                             H                tpdk;&tzGJUu b,folawGwufr,f?
  Oya'yg tmPmok;&yf\wm0efEivyyicirsm;? tjyeftvSexe;ndrrsm;ESiywfoufNyD; rdrwYkdem;vnfxm;aom
                             H                       S hf k f kd f G hf                         f df §I                    hf                      d                                         b,fawmhavmufvkyfjzpfr,fqdkwm
  ½IaxmifhtoD;oD;rS t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkMuonfhtcg tjiif;yGm;rIjyóemrsm; ay:aygufvmygonf/ rsm;pGmxif&Sm;                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                             awGawmh tao;pdwrajymEdiao;yg         k f
  onfh tjiif;yGm;rIESpf&yfrSm jynfe,fESifhwdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;&Sd wdkif;&if;om;a&;&m0efBuD;rsm;udk oufqdkif&m                                                                                   bl;/ pDpOfaeqJyJ&Sdygao;w,f}} [k
                                                                                                                                                                                             ¤if;uqdkonf/
  jynfe,fESifhwdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJY0efBuD;csKyfrsm;u ¤if;0efBuD;rsm;tm; jynfe,fESifhwdkif;a'oBuD;tqifh                                                                                           tpdk;&tzGJU\ zdwfMum;csuf
  0efBuD;rsm;tjzpf todtrSwfrjyKonfh jyóemESifh ,ckjzpfay:aeaom vTwfawmfrsm;u zGJYpnf;xm;onfh                                                                                                 t& jrefrmEdkifiHjyefvmrnfh jynfy
  aumfr&Sif? aumfrwDrsm;onf jynfaxmifpktqifh [kwf? r[kwf qdkaom tjiif;yGm;rIwdkY jzpfygonf/                                                                                                  a&mufEdkifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;olrsm;rSm The
            tqdkygtjiif;yGm;rI? jyóemESpf&yfudk okH;oyfMunfhygu jyóemESpfckpvkH;onf a,bk,stm;jzifh                                                                                           Mission for Peace in Motherland
  jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyf½kH;\ ppfaq;okH;oyfcsuf tpDt&ifcHpmrSwpfqifh ay:aygufvmonfudk awGY&ygonf/                                                                                            tzGJUrS tar&duefjynfaxmifpkwGif
  yxrjyóemwGif zGJYpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&m ckH½kH;onf jynfe,fESifhwdkif;a'oBuD; 0efBuD;tqifhowfrSwfí                                                                                        tajccsaexdkifonfh OD;rdk;oD;ZGeftyg
  r&Edi[k a&SUaecsKyf½;\ oH;oyfcsufukd qefYusifum ordi;0ifq;jzwfcsufwpf&yf rSeuefpmcsrSwEicygonf/
        k f                       Hk           k                                         k f          Hk                                    f        G       f kd f hJ                       t0if OD;udkudkav;? OD;atmifrsKd;wifh?              tpdk;&wm0ef&SdolawGeJYawGUzdkYvnf;
  vuf&jdS zpfay:aeaom jynfaxmifptqifh tzGYJtpnf;[kwr[kwf tjiif;yGm;rIwivnf; jynfaxmifpa&SUaecsKyf½;
                                                         k                                f                                   G f                              k                        Hk   OD ; aZmf r if ; ? OD ; xG e f ; atmif a usmf ?    &Sdw,f/ tjcm;EdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkawG
  \or®wudk,fpm;wifjyrIrSwpfqifh ay:aygufvmjcif;jzpfygonf/                                                                                                                                                                                       udkvnf; awGUzdkY&Sdw,f/ aemuf vlrI
            EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;onf t&yfom;tpdk;&topftjzpf pwifwm0ef,lcJhonfh tcsdef 2011ckESpftwGif;                                                                                                                                            toif;tzGJUawGudkvnf; awGUcsifyg
  EdkifiHawmfESifh jynfolwpf&yfvkH;tusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf BuD;rm;onfh tjyKoabmjyKjyifajymif;vJrIBuD;rsm; taumif                                                                                                                                     w,f/ vlxktoHawG? vlxktajc
  txnfazmfEdkifcJhygonf/ zGJYpnf;ykHtajccHOya't& jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf? or®wa&G;cs,fa&;tzGJYu a&G;cs,f                                                                                                                                                           kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                taeawGuvnf; avhvmcsiygw,f} [k     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k f H        S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ¤if;u jrefrmEdiic&D;pOfEihf ywfouf
  wifajr§mufxm;onfh EdkifiHawmfor®wonf Oya'? trdefY? aMunmcsufrsm;udk jynfolvlxkod&Sd&efxkwfjyef                                                                                                                                                í &Sif;jyonf/
         h            h Hk                                     k T f
  onftcg tjrifq;tqifh jynfaxmifpvwawmfxH twnfjyKcsu&,l&efEihf tedrq; Ediiawmfor®wud,wif                  f              S              hf Hk k f H                            k f kd                                                                                     kfH        S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ,ckjrefrmEdiic&D;pOfrm vuf&dS
  vufrSwfa&;xdk;um Oya'uJhodkY tmPmwnfNrJaomtrdefYtjzpf xkwfjyef&efvdktyfygonf/ Oyrm- tNidrf;pm;                                                                                                                                                jzpfay:ajymif;vJaerIrsm;udk ud,wif      k f kd
  EdkifiH0efxrf;rsm;\ tNidrf;pm;vpmrsm; wdk;jr§ifhcHpm;cGifhjyKjcif;? tcGefOya'rsm; jyifqifjy|mef;jcif; uJhodkYaom                                                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ud,us teD;uyfavhvm&efEihf ,if;        S
  xif&Sm;BuD;rm;onfh tajymif;tvJrsm;udk txufazmfjyygenf;vrf;ESpfckjzifh raqmif&GufcJhaomaMumifh                                                                                                                                                 tajymif;tvJrsm;wGif t"duyg0if
  r&nf&,vifupm; zGUJ pnf;yktajccHOya'udk ausmfvevyaqmifouJoYkd jzpfom;cJygonf/ xdoYkd rjzpfap&efrm
             G f h                                H                                G f k f                      h               G h                    k                              S                                                         vkyfaqmifaeaom tiftm;pktm;vHk;
  EdkifiHawmfor®wudk Oya'tBuHay;wm0efxrf;aqmif&rnfh a&SUaecsKyf½kH;onf zGJYpnf;ykHtajccHOya'tygt0if                                                                                          OD;rl;om? OD;&ifat;? OD;a&TpifxGef;?               ES i f h xJ x J 0 if 0 if aqG ; aEG ; &ef j zpf
  EdkifiHawmfwGif ,aeYjy|mef;twnfjyKxm;aom vTwfawmfOya'rsm;? enf;Oya'rsm;? vkyfxkH;vkyfenf;rsm;?                                                                                             a'gufwmat;rif;ESihf OD;atmifrsK;wifhd              aMumif; The Mission for Peace in
                                                                                                                                                                                             wdkYjzpfaMumif; ,if;tzGJUu xkwfjyef                Motherland tzGJU\ xkwfjyefcsuf
  nTefMum;csufrsm;? vufpGJrsm;udk acsmufcsm;ESHYpyfatmif avhvmxm;olrsm;jzpf&ef txl;vdktyfygonf/                                                                                              xm;onf/                                            wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
  þae&mwGif txl;owdjyK&rnfhtcsufrSmomrntaMumif;t&mrsm;udk t"dutaMumif;t&mtjzpf                                                                                                                      ,if ; tjyif xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H r S
  tvGJykHazmfum t"dutaMumif;t&mrsm;udk omrntjzpfarS;rSdefxm;rdouJhokdYjzpfNyD; tmPmokH;&yftMum;                                                                                              a'gufwmEdkifatmif? OD;armifarmif?
  em;vnfrIvGJrSm;? tjiif;yGm;aejcif;jzifh wefzdk;&Sdaom tcsdefrsm;? tiftm;rsm;jyKef;wD;roGm;apa&; jzpfygonf/                                                                                 OD;ndKtkef;jrifh? OD;atmifrdk;aZmfESifh
            'Drua&pDyef;wdioYkdom;&mvrf;onf tmPmok;&yftMum; 'Drua&pDenf;vrf;uspm? ½k;om;ajzmifrwfpm?
                kd                      k f G                                        H                     kd                                   G d                       h         G        OD;aomif;xGef;wdkY vma&mufrnfjzpf
  oabmxm;BuD;BuD;? &ifhusifrI&Sd&Sd Oya'ESifhtnD tjyeftvSefxdef;nd§EdkifrI pGrf;&nftay:rlwnfum c&D;vrf;                                                                                      aMumif;? ¤if;wdkYudk tpdk;&tzGJUu
  jrefqefacsmarGYrI twdi;twmuGmjcm;Ediygonf/ xdoYkdjzpfap&efrm toGiu;ajymif;umvtwGi; tmPmok;&yf?
                                       k f                    k f                k                  S                f l                                 f                      H            oD;jcm;pDzdwfMum;xm;ojzifh ,ck
  stakeholder rsm;ESifh t"duyav,mrsm;tMum; Oya'aMumif;t& Oya'ESifhtnD Oya'a&;&m tBuHjyKolrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                             vma&mufrnfholrsm;rSm tzGJUtpnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                             toD;oD;udk udk,fpm;jyKvma&muf
  tygt0if t&yf&yfqdkif&m tBuHay;olrsm;\ pdwfxm;? cH,lcsufESifh oufqdkif&mbmom&yfe,fy,ftvdkuf                                                                                                 jcif;r[kwfbJ oD;jcm;vma&mufjcif;
  trSefwu,fwwfuRrf;em;vnfrIwdkYu txl;ta&;BuD;vSygaMumif;/                                                                                                                                    jzpfaMumif; a'gufwmEdkifatmifu
                                                                                                                                            t,f'Dwm(30-8-2012)                               ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                         f            k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ]]uReawmf jrefrmEdiia&muf&if
                                                                   Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe, Editor in-Charge-Zeya Thu, Managing Editor-Kyaw Naing,
                                                                   Senior Executive Editors - Khine Cho Zaw Win Tin, Zin Zin Thaw, Thiri Zaw, Nwet Kay Khine,
                                                                   Executive Editors - Kyaw San Min, Tin Aung Kyaw, Editor-Mya Hnin Aye, Contributing Editor-Thu Rein Hlaing @ Khunn Thu,
The                                                                Graphic Editors -Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine, Soe Han, Hein Tint, Chief Reporter -Naing Min Wai, Photo Editor-Moe Kyaw Lwin,

          VOICE           Weekly
                                                                   Editorial Secretary- Aung Soe, Foreign Affairs - Aung Kyaw Soe (Desk Editor), Tin Aye Kyaw, Thant Zin Soe, Aung Nyein Chan,
                                                                   Editorial Assistant- Swe Nyein Aye, Chan Nyein Phyu, Mandalay Correspondent- Tin Linn,
                                                                   Senior Reporters-Min Myo, Moe Khine, Kyu Kyu Thin (Moe Myay), Min Htet San, Kyi Kyi Lwin, Zin Mar Lar Htay @ Green,
                                                                   Kyaw Swar Soe, Aung Bo Bo Shein, Junior Reporters - Pyae Phyo Lin, Aung Myint Htun, Aung Aung Tun, Zay Nway Tun,
                                                                   Thazin Oo,Min Thu Khaing(Nay Pyi Daw),Ye Win Naing, Aye Thanda Tun(Mandalay),Kan Zaw, Le Yee Myint,
               The Product of                                      Freelance Reporters - Han Htet @ Myo Aung (Dawei), Ei Mon Aung, Thi Ha Phone Mo (Magway),
                 Myanmar                                           (Mandalay)-YuKiKo, Min Min Soe, Htet Htet Kyaw, Win Shwe Yi Oo, Kyaw Thura Myo,
                 Partners                                          Designer - Thein Aung Htut, Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw
                Think Tank                                         DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Kyi Chan Hnin,
                                                                   Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy Manager),
                   Group                                           Saw Thandar Aye (Assistant Manager), HR, Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099),
                 (A Sister                                         Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager), Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun,
               Publication of                                      Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung, Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo,Lai Yee Oo
                                                                   Web Administrator - waiyan, Web Team- thevoicewebteam@gmail.com, Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com,
               Living Color                                        Office -No (458-460), 4th Floor (E), Corner of 31st Street and Mahabandula Road, Pabaedan Township, Yangon.
                 Magazine)                                         Tel: 01 - 242424, 389210, 389211
                                                                   Marketing - 01 242424, 09 51 76835, Hot Line - 09 42 1107770, Distribution - 09 42 1006579
                                                                   E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor : c-editor@thevoiceweekly.net, News Room : newsroom@thevoiceweekly.net,
                                                                   Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012


 NEWS MAKER
                                                                                                                                                   LOCAL                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                         The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5




uav;ppfom;&SdaMumif; jrefrmwyfrawmf0efcH
&efukef? Mo*kwf 29
         av;ppfom;yaysmufa&; yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI ,ckESpfZGefvtwGif; vufrSwfa&;xdk;xm;onfh jrefrmhwyfrawmfonf touf 18 ESpfatmuf ppfrIxrf;uav; 42 OD;udk pufwifbmv
  u      3 &ufaeYwGif wyfrawmfrSw&m;0ifEkwfxGufcGifhjyKvkdufjcif;onf uav;ppfom; jrefrmhwyfrawmfwGif&SdaMumif; 0efcHvkdufjcif;jjzpfonf[k ukvor*¾uav;rsm;&efykHaiGtzGJU(jrefrm)
                                                                                                  wG                           zpfonf                                         (jref
rS Xmaeudk,fpm;vS,f rpöwm&mruf&Sf&S&omu ajymMum;onf/
       tqkygppfrxrf;uav;rsm;udk orm;tzGJUcsKyf &efukef½Hk;\pDrHudef; &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; today;vkdufwm ausmfukd ppfrxrf;jcif;rS Ekwxuap axmufyHhrIrsm;jyKvkyfay;oGm;rnfjzpf
            d    I                                                                                                    I               f G f
&efukefNrdKUawmf bk&ifhaemifvrf;&Sd t&m&Sd OD;cspwifu Mo*kwv 29 &ufaeY yg}}[k ,lequf(jrefrm)\ Xmaeud,f NyD; rdbae&yfoYkd jyefvnfyYkd aqmifay; aMumif; OD;cspfwifu ajymqkdonf/
                                                 f            f                  D                    k
ppfaMuma&;ESifh wnf;cdka&;pcef; 42 wGif The Voie Weekly odYajymMum;onf/ pm;vS,f rpöwm&mruf&Sf&S&omu cJhaMumif; AdkvfrSL;BuD;armifarmif&Sif;
                                                            k                                                                                          ,if ; vk y f a qmif c suf o nf
                            HS
wGif rdbrsm;xH w&m;0iftyfErnf[k            ]]jrefrmtpd;&taeeJY wyfrawmf tBuHjyKaxmufjycJhonf/
                                                      k                                                  uxyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/                          d f H        f
                                                                                                                                              jrefrmEkiiumuG,a&;0efBuD;Xmeu
                                        S
umuG,fa&;0efBuD;XmebufrS od& xJrm touf 18 ESpfatmufuav;                       uav;ppfrIxrf;jcif;ESifhywf       ]]wyfrawmfxJu xGufvmwJh 2012 ckESpf ZGefv 27 &ufaeYwGif
aomfvnf; ae&mtwdtusudkrl rod awG ppfom;tjzpfppfrxrf;zkYd ukd vH;0 oufí 2004 ckESpfrS 2012 ckESpf uav;awGudk rdbawGeJYtwlraecif ppf r I x rf ; uav;rsm;yaysmuf a &;
                                                          I          k
&Sd&ao;aMumif; EkdifiHwumtvkyf vufrcHygbl;qdwtcsuukd urÇmudk Zlvdkifvtxd uav;ppfrIxrf; 600 rSm vlr0efxrf;OD;pD;XmeeJY ILO wkYd u yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&; oabmwlnD
                                                     k hJ       f                                                I
 ORGANIZATION                                                                                            toufarG;rIqkdif&m axmufyHhrIawG csufudk vufrSwfa&;xkd;cJhNyD;aemuf
                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                         vkyay;OD;rSmjzpfygw,f}}[k ppfwyfrS pwifonfh yxrtqifhvIyf&Sm;rIjzpf
om;pdk;? jzLjzLausmfodef;ESifU vli,femrnfausmfrsm;                                                       xGufvmonfhuav;rsm;udk ukv aMumif; uav;ppfom;ESifhywfouf
                                                                                                         or*¾? ILO ESifh vlrI0efxrf;OD;pD;Xme NyD; EkdifiHtwGif;apmifhMunfhowif;ydkY
*Dwtpnf;t½Hk;trIaqmifaumfrwDwGif oHk;yHkwpfyHkae&m&                                                      wkdYu aexkdif&yfwnfa&;twGuf txl;tzGJU0ifrsm;xHrS od&onf/
                                                                                                                                     POLITICS

&efukef? Mo*kwf 27
                                                                                                                                                      H
                                                                                                                                       axmif'Pfcsc&aom UN ESiUf INGO
                                                                                                                                       0efxrf;oHk;OD; jypf'PfrSvGwfNidrf;cGifU&
                                                                                                                                     &efukef? Mo*kwf 29
                                                                                                                                               &cdkifjynfe,fwGif NyD;cJhonfh          G          k                H
                                                                                                                                                                                 &yf&mvlxzUHG NzdK;a&;pDrcsuf (CSSEP)
                                                                                                                                     ZGefvtwGif; pwifjzpfyGm;cJhaom                                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                 0efxrf; a':csKav;rmwdYukd axmif'Pf k
                                                                                                                                             l          I       f
                                                                                                                                     qlytMurf;zufrrsm;wGiyg0ifywfouf             toD;oD;csrSwfcJhNyD; ¤if;wdkYukd EdkifiH
                                                                                                                                     cJNh yD; axmif'PftoD;oD;uscc&aom H hJ       awmf \ arwå m ES i f h apwemwd k Y
                                                                                                                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                     UN ESihf INGO 0efxrf;oH;OD;ukd jypf'Pf      em;vnfNyD; rdrdtusKd;? EdkifiHtusKd;
                                                                                                                                                   f f              k f
                                                                                                                                     rS vGwNf idr;csr;omcGijhf yK vduaMumif;     twGuf trsm;jynfoEitwl wm0ef    l S hf
                                                                                                                                     Mo*kwfv 29 &ufaeY wGif or®w½H;rS        k                        G kf kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                 xrf;aqmifom;Edi&ef Ediiawmfor®wu
                                                                                                                                     xkwjf yefaMunmonf/                                        G         f hf
                                                                                                                                                                                 jypf'PfvwNf idr;cGiay;vdujf cif;jzpf   k
"mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
                                                                                                                                               &cdkifjynfe,f armifawmNrdKU       aMumif; ,if;xkwjf yefcsuwif azmfjy    f G
         *DwtrsKd;tpm;tvdkuf tvTm              aeMuolrsm;jzpfaMumif; tDvufx½dk                       jrefrmEdkifiH *Dwtpnf;t½Hk;     wGif qlylrIjzpfyGm;&mü yg0ifywf             onf/
opfxnfoi;a&; tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;jzifh
            h G f                              *Dworm; ausmvif;xdef u qdkonf/
                                                                 f                          (A[dk) tvkyftrIaqmifopfa&G;cs,f          oufrI? EdkifiHawmftMunftndKysuf                      &cdkifjynfe,fwGif qlyltMurf;
vTwfawmftxda&muf&SdcJhaom *Dw                         ,cifu *Dwtpnf;t½Hk;wGif               yGJudk Mo*kwfv 20 &ufaeYrS 24 &uf        atmif ajymqdkrI? w&m;r0if EdkifiHjcm;              I                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                 zufrrsm;aMumifh tdrajcaygif; 4000
tpnf;t½Hk;\ A[dktvkyftrIaqmif                  vlBuD;ydkif;rsm;om yg0ifcJhaomfvnf;          aeYtxd *DwtvTmtvdkuf a&G;cs,f            aiGvuf0,fawGU&SdrIwdkYaMumifh ukv           ausmf? pmoifausmif; 18 ausmif;ESifh
opfrsm;udk *Dworm;rsm;udk,fwdkif               ,cktcg vuf&*wavmuaps;uGuf
                                                                   dS D                     cJhNyD; 27 &ufaeYwGif A[dktvkyf                    k ©         df
                                                                                                                                     or*¾'uonfrsm;qki&mr[mrif;Bu;D ½H;k          bk e f ; BuD ; ausmif ; oH k ; ausmif ;
rJay;pepfjzifh a&G;cs,fcJh&m azsmfajzrI        udk&&Sdxm;aom rsKd;qufopf*Dw                 trIaqmiftzGJUudk tNyD;owfa&G;cs,f        (UNHCR) 0efxrf; tP0gqm'Pf                   rD;avmifqHk;½HI;cJh&NyD; vlOD;a& 87 OD;
yHkpHopfrsm; zefwD;&mwGif emrnf                vli,frsm;vnf; yg0ifvmaMumif;                 cJhjcif;jzpfonf/                         (c) cifarmif? ukvor*¾ pm;eyf&um       d ©                            ©
                                                                                                                                                                                 aoqHk;cJhum 'kuonf ajcmufaomif;
ausmfonfh aw;oH&Sifrsm;jzpfaom                 *Dwtpnf;t½Hk;a&G;aumufyGJodkY vm                                         &JEdkifOD;   tpDtpOf (WEP) 0efxrf; OD;cifa&T?                              dS
                                                                                                                                                                                 ausmftxd&aMumif; od&onf/
om;pdk;ESifh jzLjzLausmfodef;tygt0if           a&mufol *Dworm;tcsKUd u ajymMum;
emrnfausmf vli,f*Dworm; 11 OD;                 onf/                                             POLITICS

onf a&G;cs,fcH&ol 32 OD;wGif yg0if                    jrefrmEdkifiH *Dwtpnf;t½Hk;
aMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH*Dwtpnf;t½Hk;
a&G;aumufyGJ usif;ya&;aumfr&Sif\
                                               a&G;aumufyGJusif;ya&;aumfr&Sif\
                                               vkyfaqmifrIrsm;udk *Dworm;rsm;u
                                                                                                       f              f kd f
                                                                                                trnfysupm&if;rS y,fzsuvuol 2082 OD;pm&if;xkwjf yef
xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/                         auseyfvsuf&Sdonf[k wGJzuftaxG                    &efukef? Mo*kwf 30
         aw;oH & S i f r sm;jzpf M uaom        axGtwGif;a&;rSL;tjzpf a&G;cs,fcH&                         taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh trnfysufpm&if;oGif;xm;ol 6165 OD;&Sdonfhteuf ajymif;vJvmonfh
om;pd k ; u pnf ; ½H k ; a&;rS L ;? jzLjzL     ol aw;a&;q&m jrifhrdk;atmifu                     rl0g'rsm;ESifhtnD pdppfaqmif&GufNyD; 2082 OD;udk trnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufay;aMumif;aMunmtNyD; ESpf&uf
ausmfode;f u taxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL;?            qdkonf/                                          tMumwGif pm&if;y,fzsufcH&olrsm;\ trnfpm&if;tjynfhtpHkudk jrefrmtpdk;&u xkwfjyefaMunmvdkufonf/
&Jav;ESifh NzdK;BuD;wdkYu ½Hk;tzGJUrSL;?              *Dwtpnf;t½Hk;topf tvkyf                            trnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufvdkufolrsm;wGif jrefrmEdkifiHom; 935 OD;ESifh EdkifiHjcm;om;cH,lxm;ol
usm;ayguf (c) [ef x l ; vG i f u               trIaqmiftzGJUonf vGwfvyfonfh                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                jrefrmrsm;tygt0if EdkifiHjcm;om; 1147 OD;udk trnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufay;vdkuaMumif; or®w½H;k \
EdkifiHjcm;pnf;½Hk;a&;rSL;tjzpf Mo*kwf         tzGJUtpnf;tjzpf aqmif&GufoGm;Edkif               tqdkygxkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;csuft& od&onf/
v 27 &ufwGif &efukefNrdKU wmarG                &ef t wG u f 70 &mcd k i f E I e f ; ausmf                trnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufvdkufonfhEdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;pm&if;wGif a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ om;ESpfOD;?
NrdKUe,f&Sd *Dwtpnf;t½Hk; (A[dk)ü              atmifjrifaeNyD[k acwfopf*wtvTm D                 EdkifiHjcm;owif;pmq&mrsm;ESifh oHwrefrsm;yg0ifvmaMumif; awGU&onf/
jyKvkyfonfh a&G;cs,fyGJwGif a&G;cs,f           udk wpdkufrwfrwf awmif;qdkcJhol                           trnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufay;vdkufolrsm;\ trnfpm&if;tjynfhtpHkudk EdkifiHawmfor®w½Hk; Website
                                                                                                pmrsufESm http://www. president-office.gov.mm wGif tjynfhtpHkazmfjyxm;aMumif; awGU&onf/
cH&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwjf yefcsuf          acwf o pf * D w tvT m rS tqd k a wmf
                                                                                                         trnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufay;vdkufonfholrsm;rSm jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xmepm&if;rS 500OD;? EdkifiHjcm;a&;
ü yg&Sdonf/                                    te*¾u qdkonf/
                                                                                                0efBuD;Xmepm&if;rS 811OD;? vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;ESifh jynfolYtiftm;0efBuD;Xmepm&if;rS 771OD;wdkYjzpfonf/
         'Drdkua&pDenf;us jyefvnf                                          f
                                                      *Dwtpnf;t½H;k tvkytrIaqmif
                                                                                                                  k f H                                     f   h        kd        S      Ü D
                                                                                                         ,cifu Ediiawmf\ trsKd;om;tusKd;pD;yGm;udk umuG,apmifa&SmufEijf cif;tvdYk im ukrPrsm;? e,fy,f
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonfh *Dw                                   JG G
                                               a&G;aumufywif *DwtvTmtoD;oD;                     toD;oD;rS yk*¾dKvfrsm;? owif;rD'D,morm;rsm;tygt0if tcsKdUudk taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh trnfysuf
              k               JG G
tpnf;t½H; a&G;aumufywif a&G;cs,f               rS *D w orm;wpf a xmif a usmf c ef Y             pm&if; (Black List) owfrSwfa&;oGif;NyD; uefYowfrIrsm; aqmif&Gufxm;&SdcJhaomfvnf; ,cktcg ajymif;vJvm
                            S
cH&olrsm;onf vli,fEihf vlvwfyi;         kd f   0ifa&mufrJay;cJhaMumif;? ,if;wdkYu               aom acwfpepfEitnD ajzavQmrrsm;aqmif&uay;jcif;jzpfonf[k tpd;&tzJUG \ Mo*kwv 28&ufaeY xkwjf yefcsuf
                                                                                                                 S hf           hI        G f                     k            f
rsm; BudKufESpfoufonfh *Dwrsm;                 tvkyftrIaqmif 59 OD;udk a&G;cs,f                 wGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
jzpfaom aygh? a&mhcf? tmtefbD?                 cJhMuNyD; xdkrSwpfqifh A[dktvkyftrI                       tqdkygtrnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufay;cH&onfh jynfya&muf jrefrmEdkifiHom;rsm; jrefrmEdkifiHodkY
[pfa[mh tp&Sdonfh *Dw e,fy,f                   aqmif 32 OD;udk xyfrHa&G;cs,fcJhjcif;                       k f          f                                              f G
                                                                                                jyefvmEdia&;twGuvnf; cGijhf yKay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwjf yefcsuwif qufvufazmfjyxm;onf/
wGif vuf&SdatmifjrifpGm vkyfudkif                                       Sf
                                               jzpfaMumif; aw;oH&ite*¾u qdonf/      k
  The
        6
    VOICE            TECHNOLOGY                                                                                                                                                           Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




rdkbkdif;vfzkef;                     SIM              uwfrsm; tvum;ay;oifU[k OD;aomif;wifqkd
&efukef? Mo*kwf 27
              bkdif;vfzkef; SIM uwfrsm;udk usyfig;axmifjzifha&mif;csrnfhtpm; tcrJhay;oihfaMumif; EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk; trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&;ESifh vlrIa&;tBuHay;aumifpD0if (,ck qufoG,fa&;?
   rkd        pmwkdufESifh aMu;eef;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD;)OD;aomif;wifu ¤if;0efBuD;rjzpfcifoHk;&uftvdk Mo*kwfv 24 &ufaeYwGif Myanmar Info- Tech 0if;twGif;ü usif;yjyKvkyfcJhaom
qufoG,fa&;ESifh owif;tcsuftvufenf;ynmzGHUNzdK;rIwdk;wufa&;tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJü tBuHjyKajymMum;onf/
          ]]b,faps;EIe;rSroifawmfb;/ aMumif;? tNydKiftqkdifrsm;vmonfh olwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                         f         h          l                                                                                                          rsKd;jzpfzkdYvkdtyfygw,f}}[k Blogger yxrESpftwGif;ü av;oef;? 'kwd,
            D k f
w,fvze;udk tvum;ay;&ygr,f/ enf;wl pm;oH;olrsm;bufuMdk unfay;            k                              h          quf o G , f a &;? pmwk d u f E S i f h OD;aebkef;vwfu qkdonf/                   f                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                               ESptwGuf ig;oef;? wwd,ESptwGuf
              k                                        h               G f                  kd f
pNyD;toH;jyKwmeJY rdepf 200 tvum; onfqufo,a&;jzpfvmEkiaMumif; aMu;eef;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD;                                                                    xkduJhodkY ajymif;vJvkdufaomf ajcmufoef;? pwkw¬ESpfwGif ckepfoef;
ay;oHk;wmrsKd;&Sd&ygr,f}}[k ¤if;u touf 25 ESpft&G,f GSM zkef;udkif OD;aomif;wifonf KMD ukrÜPD\ vnf; qufoG,fa&;nTefMum;rIOD;pD; ESifh aemufqHk;ESpfü &Spfoef;txd pkpk
ajymMum;onf/                                                              d         D              d
                                                aqmifol trsK;orD;wpfO;uqkonf/ Ouú | jzpf o nf / jrefrmEdkifiHawmf Xmeonf tpdk;&Xmewpfcktaejzifh aygif; zkef;tvHk;a& oef; 30 iSm;&rf;
                       k f H
          ,if;onf EdiiwumwGif usihf                                                                                 k             d
                                                            jrefrmEkdifiHzGHUNzdK;wdk;wuf&ef or®w½H;wGif trsK;om;pD;yGm;a&;ESifh qufvufwnf&SdaernfjzpfaMumif;? tokH;jyKcGifhay;&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif;
oH;aeonfoabmw&m;jzpfaMumif;? twGuf enf;ynmESifh qufoG,fa&; vlrIa&;tBuHay;aumifpD0iftjzpf qufoG,fa&;aumfydka&;&Sif;\vuf jref r mh q uf oG,fa&;vk y f i ef ; u
     k             h
                h                h f
ay;&onfaps;EIe;f rSm roifavsmaMumif; u@udk vlwkdif;toHk;jyKEkdifa&;rSm wm0efxrf;aqmifcJhNyD;aemuf ,ck atmufwGif &Sdaernfh jrefrmw,fvD xkwfjyefxm;onf/
¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/                         vGefpGmta&;BuD;vSonf[k Blogger uJhodkY qufoG,fa&;? pmwkdufESifh uGef? &wemyHkw,fvDuGefESifh tjcm;                                                   jrefrmEkdifiHwGif vlOD;a& oef;
          xkdYtjyif 0efaqmifrIay;onfh OD;aebkef;vwfuqkdonf/                                                                                  d
                                                                                                             aMu;eef;0efBuD;Xme\ 'kw,0efBuD; aom atmfya&wmukrÜPDESpfckudk 60 ausmfaexkdifNyD; jrefrmhqufoG,f
ukrÜPDrsm;onf rlvowfrSwfxm;                                      d kd f k f             kH               G
                                                            rkbi;vfze;wpfv;qufo,f tjzpf vTJajymif;wm0efay;tyfjcif; EkdifiHawmfu tcGeftcrsm; yHkrSefay; a&;vkyfief;u 2012 Mo*kwvwGif                                           f
                      I d f               d f                d dk f            f k f
onfh 0efaqmifrtwki;ray;EkivQif ajymqkEia&;rSm vkyief;ydi;taejzifh cH&olvnf; jzpfonf/                                                                     aqmifEdkif&eftwGuf Oya'ESifhtnD 2 'or 5 oef; a&mif;csxm; ay;NyD;
'PfaMu;ay;&rnfjzpfaMumif;? pmcsKyf ajrae&m&SmazGí a&'D,dkpcef;rsm;                                                                                                 G f df f G
                                                                                                                  OD;aomif;wif ,if;uJhodkYtBuH aqmif&uxe;csKyom;rnfjzpfaMumif; jzpfaomfvnf; 2012ckESpf Zlvkdifv
csKyfqkduwnf;u ESpfzufnDrQrI&Sd&ef wnfaqmuf&jcif;? pufypönf;rsm; jyKajymMum;onfhaeYwGifyif jrefrmh qufoG,fa&;oifwef;ausmif;tkyf txd zkef;toHk;jyKol 1 'or 5 oef;
vktyfaMumif; OD;aomif;wifu quf vkHavmufpGmwyfqif&jcif;? NrdKUwGif; qufoG,fa&;vkyfief;udk qufoG,f OD;ausmfpdk;u ajymMum;onf/
    d                                                                                                                                                                                          ukdom a&mif;cs&ao;aMumif; ,if;
oG,a&;pmcsKyftay: vktyfonfrsm; qufoG,frI? wpfNrdKUESifhwpfNrdKU quf a&;aumfya&;&Si;tjzpf ajymif;vJrnf
        f                      d                                                                                      kd     f                                   GSM udk jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;     vkyfief;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
udk jznfhpGufajymMum;onf/                       oG,rI ponfh yifrqufo,a&;qkif jzpfaMumif;? ,if;aumfydka&;&Sif;\ u 2011 ckESpf {NyDvrS pwifNyD;
                                                     f                                     G f             d
          ]]OyrmtaeeJ Y tmz&d u rS m &m qufaMumif;rsm;wnfaqmuf& vufatmufwGif yk*¾vduukrÜPD
a&r&? rD;r&wJhae&mawGtrsm;BuD; rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ES i f h ,if ; ud p ö r S m av;cku jrefrmEkii\qufo,a&;
&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh tJ'DrSmzkef;awG& aqmif&GufEkdifaomfvnf; ajcmufv 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk vTJajymif;aqmif
aewJ h t wG u f od o d o momBuD ; ESifhrNyD;pD;EkdifaMumif;? ,if;tjyif &GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;ESifh tqkdyg
                                                                                                                               d f H
                                                                                                                                            rdkbkdif;vfzkef;aiGjznfUuwfrsm;
                                                                                                                                               G f

tusKd;&Sdwmvnf; awGU&w,f/ zGHUNzdK; jrefrmEkdifiH\ qufoG,fa&;wnfqJ ukrÜPDav;ckwGif ESpfckrSm Myanmar
qJEkdifiHawGrSm w,fvDzkef;odyfonf; Oya'(9^89) yk'fr 3? yk'frcGJ (p)t& Telecom ESihf Yatanapon Telecom wkYd
q 10 &mcdkifEIef;wkd;vkdufwmeJY wpf qufo,a&;vkyief;onf Ekiiawmf jzpfaMumif;? usefESpfckrSm rod&ao;
                                                               G f           f                 d f H
                                                                                                                                            tGefvkdif;wGif 0,f,lEkdifrnf
NydKifeuf GDP u 1 'or 5 &mcdkif uom vkyfudkifaqmif&GufydkifcGifh&Sd aMumif; qufo,a&;oifwef;ausmif; &efukef? Mo*kwf 28       G f
                                                               k            d h
EIef;avmufwufvmw,f}}[k ¤if;u onf[azmfjyyg&SonftwGuaMumifh ausmif;tkyf OD;ausmp;kd u ajymMum;onf/ f                              f                         "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
GDP ESifhEIdif;,SOfíajymqkdonf/                           dk f
                                                rjzpfEiaMumif; a&Tjynfwcef ig;axmifHG                                    f          hJ k Ü D
                                                                                                                  ]]vGwvyfwurPawGjzpf&if
                                                         k f H d f                    f
          ,ckuJhodkYjyKvkyfonfhtwGuf wefze;pDrue;udk jyKvkyrnf[aom awmhydkaumif;ygw,f/ Oyrm- EkdifiH l
tNydKiftqkirsm;vmEdiNf yD; ydraumif; aMunmcsufxkwfjyefcJhonfhtcsdefu jcm;u ukrÜPDrsKd;yg/ t"duu pm;
                  d f        k       k kd
                                                                                  f
rG e f o nf h q uf o G , f a &;jzpf v mEk d i f jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyief; wm0ef&dS oHk;olawGbufMunfhay;wJh ukrÜPD


        jrefrmUtBuD;qHk; rdkbdkif;vfzkef;Zkef
        jynfyzkef;ukrÜPDoHk;ck &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnf
        &efukef? Mo*kwf 11                                                                                                                               d f H      k
                                                                                                                                                 jrefrmEkii\ yxrOD;qH;aom                  yg}} [k xdk0efaqmifrIudk pDpOfaom
                                                                                            G
                rEÅav;NrdKYawmf Great Wall Centre pwkw¬xyfü Mo*kwfv 12 &ufaeYwif zGifhvSpfrnfh jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvHk;                       Third-Party Online Payment pepfukd               wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                    k k kd f k f                  Ü D kH           D      HS                                 f I k f
        tBuD;qH;rdbi;vfze;f Zkeü jynfyzke;f ukrPo;ck &if;ES;jr§KyfErnf[k Mobile Trading Group \ tkycsKyfr'g½duwm                          toHk;jyKítGefvdkif;ay:wGif rdkbkdif;vf                   tqdkyg Online Prepaid Card
        OD;rif;oefYu Mo*kwfv 11 &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                             zkef;aiGjznfhuwf0,f,lEkdifrnfh tpD               udk 0,f,l&eftwGuf MyanPay wGif
                ]]wu,fwrf;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIawGu 2014? 2015 avmufrS pMurSmaygh/ 'gayrJh uRefawmfwdkYu ckuwnf;u                           tpOfudk MyanPay Online Payment                   Account zGifhxm;&efvdktyfaMumif;
        pwifzdwfac:NyD; vkyfxm;Muwmyg/ ypönf;awGudk aps;oufoufomomeJY wdkuf½dkufvmzGifhxm;wJh ukrÜPD                                          f d f                  G f
                                                                                                                                          jzihcswqufíaqmif&urnfjzpfaMumif;                 Online Prepaid Card Website rS
        awGu Brand trSefawG oHk;EdkifMuzdkYyg}} [k OD;rif;oefYu qdkonf/                                                                          d
                                                                                                                                          tqkyg Online Prepaid Card a&mif;cs               wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uqkdonf/
                             kd f H kH
                jrefrmwpfEiiv; tBuD;qH;rdbi;vfZewif &if;ES;jr§KyfErnfurPo;ckrm w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEdiixwf
                                             k k kd f k f G             D    HS h k Ü D kH S                         k f H k              onfh Website wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;\                           ,if; MyanPay onf uarÇmZ
        U-Pad Company ESihf iPhone, Android zke;trsKd;tpm; oD;oefYa&mif;csrnfurPwYkd jzpfNyD; usefurPwpfcrm
                                                      f                                 h k Ü D                k Ü D        k S           ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/                           bPftygt0ifbPfckepfckESifh csdwf
        jyifopfEdkifiHrS vma&mufzGifhvSpfrnfh jyifopfEdkifiHxkwf ALCATEL One Touch zkef;ukrÜPDwdkYjzpfaMumif;?                                     ]]jrefrmEkdifiHrSm yxrOD;qHk;           qufxm;ojzihf tqifajypGmaiGxnhf
                                                                                 k f H
        tqdkygukrÜPDrsm;0ifa&muf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEdii&dS a&Tv?D Mu,facgifwdkYwGif ESpfywfcefYMum                     tBudrf0,fvkdY&rSmyg/ 0,fcsifw,f                  oGif;EkdifaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
        aps;uGufavhvmrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaMumif;? jyifopfukrÜPDxkwf zkef;ukrÜPD0ifa&mufrItwGuf Myanmar Mo-                                    qdk&if Prepaidcard.com.mm uae                              d hJ        f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   xkuoYkd tGevi;0efaqmifrrsm;   I
        bile Company rSm jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvHk; wpfOD;wnf;udk,fpm;vS,fjzpfaomaMumifh ,if;tquftoG,fjzifh                                     MyanPay taumifheJYaiGacs&ygr,f/                  ay:aygufvmjcif;onf jrefrmEkii\    d f H
        &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHvmjcif;jzpfaMumif;? xyfrH&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnfhukrÜPDrsm;tjzpf w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiH&Sd emrnfBuD;               aiGacsNyD;wmeJY E-mail uaewpfqifh                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                           e-Commerce wd;wufjzpfay:vmjcif;
                                                                                                                                                                   J
                                                                                                                                          Prepaid Card awG&UtcsutvufawG    f               jzpfaMumif;? Online Shopping rsm;uJh
        zkef;ukrÜPDrsm;jzpfaom China Telecom ESifh China Mobile wdkYukd qufoG,faqmif&GufoGm;&ef BudK;pm;
        vsuf&SdaMumif; OD;oefYZifrif;xHrS od&onf/                                                                                         udk ay;ydkYoGm;rSmyg}} [k ,if; Online            odkY tGefvkdif;0efaqmifrIrsm;onf 24
                                                                                                                                          Prepaid Card a&mif;csonfhqkduf\                              kH      dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                           em&Dywfv; &,lEionfh 0efaqmifrI
                               kd f H kH      k k kd f k f                                        f G hf S f
                jrefrmwpfEiiv; tBuD;qH;rdbi;vfZetjzpf Great Wall Centre wGif a&G;cs,zivpcjhJ cif;rSm vli,frsm;
                                                                                                                                          wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uqkdonf/                         rsm;jzpfaMumif;? ,cktcg MyanPay
        oGm;vmvIyf&Sm;aeaomae&mESifh rdrdpdwfBudKufpDpOfxm;aom ae&mtaetxm;t& pdwfBudKufae&mjzpfaom                                                             d f
                                                                                                                                                   ,if;qkuonf tGevi;0ufbf f dk f           tGefvdkif;aiGay;acsrI ay:aygufvm
        aMumifh a&G;cs,fzGifhvSpfcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;? xdkrdkbdkif;vfZkefrzGifhvSpfrD wpfESpfcefY tcsdef,ljyifqifcJh&aMumif;               qdkufrSwpfqifhBudKwif aiGay;uwf                  jcif;aMumifh jrefrmEkdifiHwGif tGefvdkif;
        OD;oefYZifrif;u qdkonf/                                                                                                           rsm;udk oD;oefYa&mif;csrnfjzpfaMumif;?                          f                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                           pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;rsm; tNydKiftqkijf zpf
                jrefrmwpfEkdifiHvHk; tBuD;qHk;rdkbdkif;vfZkefwGif qdkifcef;aygif; 46 cef;&SdNyD; 23 cef;rSm zGifhvSpfNyD;jzpf             yxrOD;qHk;taejzifh zkef;uwfrsm;ukd               vmNyD; wkd;wufaumif;rGefvmrnfh
        aMumif;? zkef;trsKd;tpm;rsKd;pHkudk jyifyzkef;ta&mif;qdkifaps;rsm;xuf csKdompGm0,f,lEdkif&ef zkef;0,f,lol Cus-                    om a&mif;csrnfjzpfNyD; aemufyi;wGif    kd f      tvm;tvmrsm;jzpfaMumif; Online
        tomer twGuf Services tjynfhay;Edkif&efvnf; pDpOfxm;aMumif;? Promotion umvrsm;wGif avQmhaps;rsm;                                   iTune Card ? Google Play Store Card              rSwpfqifh aps;0,f,lrI tawGUtBuHK
        vnf;xm;&Sday;rnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrmEdkifiHwGif emrnfBuD;zkef;ukrÜPDrsm;jzpfaom Myanmar Mobile Com-                                             hJ
                                                                                                                                          ponfuoYkdaomuwfrsm;udk a&mif;cs                  &Sdonfh tkdifwDuRrf;usifol touf
        pany ESifh Asia Mobile Company wdkYrSvnf; yg0ifzGifhvSpfxm;aMumif;? tqdkygrdkbdkif;vfZkefwGif zkef;ta&mif;                        ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uquf                   23 ESpft&G,f trsKd;om;wpfOD;u
        qdkifrsm;tjyif zkef;ESifhqufpyfzGifhvSpfxm;onfh tDvufx&Gefepfypönf;qdkifrsm;? zkef;tydkypönf;qdkifrsm;?                           vufajymMum;onf/                                  oHk;oyfajymqdkonf/
        zkef;jyKjyifa&;qdkifrsm;vnf; yg0ifrnfjzpfNyD; Mobile Phone Training Centre udkjzifh xnfhoGif;xm;jcif; r&Sdao;                                       f
                                                                                                                                                   ]]uReawmfwYdk&UJ 0ufbqurm   f kd f S            xdk0efaqmifrI\ Website rSm
        aMumif; Mobile Training Group xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                              a&mif ; cswJ h Prepaid Card awG & J U            http://www.prepaidcard.com. mm
                ,aeYvli,frsm;tBudKufqHk;ESifh toHk;trsm;qHk;zkef;trsKd;tpm;rSm Apple Brand rS xkwfvkyfaom iPhone                          aps;EIef;udkvnf; tjyifxufydkrdkouf                          k   f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                           jzpfNyD; xd0ufbquudk pufwifbmv
        trsKd;tpm;ESifh Android zkef;rsm;jzpfaMumif;? w½kwfzkef;trsKd;tpm;rsm;rSm aps;EIef;wpfaomif;ausmfcefYrS                                           D
                                                                                                                                          omatmifppOfxm;ygw,f/ usywpf                 f    15 &ufaeYü pwifrnfjzpfaMumif;
        tpm;pm;&Sdí yHkpHrsKd;pHk&SdaMumif; rEÅav;NrdKU zkef;ta&mif;qdkifrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                          a&T & nf                                k f
                                                                                                                                          aomif;wefze;uwfq&ifvnf; wpf  kd                        k               hf h k Ü
                                                                                                                                                                                           tqdyg Website vTiwifonfurPD
                                                                                                                                          uwfudk 9900 eJY a&mif;ay;oGm;rSm                 \ ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/
  Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                              MOTORING                                                                                                          The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           7




cs,f&Dum;udpö w½kwfukrÜPDxH jrefrmtpdk;& ajz&Sif;csufawmif;
&efukef? Mo*kwf 29
            paMw;vsEkdifiHwGif cs,f&D (Chery) um;tygt0if w½kwfEkdifiHxkwfum;rsm;wGif tqkwfuifqmjzpfapaom Asbestos zdkifbm"mwfypönf;rsm;toHk;jyKxm;jcif;udk awGU&SdcJhonfh
 Mo         twGuf jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;&Sd w½kwfEkdifiHvkyfum;rsm;wGif tqkdyg Asbestos zdkifbm"mwfypönf;rsm;yg0ifjcif;&Sd? r&Sdudk w½kwfEkdifiHrSum;xkwfvkyfaomukrÜPxHH ajz&Sif;csufawmif;                                                      Dx
cHxm;aMumif; pufrI0efBuD;XmerS ½Hk;tzGJUrSL; OD;oGifjrihfarmifu ajymMum;onf/
                   f                                    d
         tqkwuifqma&m*gjzpfapEkif apEdkifwJh "mwfypönf;oHk;xm;vm;?                                                                                                                                                         cs,f&Dum;rsm;xJrS touf½SLvrf;
aom Asbestos zdkifbm"mwfrsm;udk roHk;xm;vm;qkdwm od&zkdYtwGuf                                                                                                                                                              aMumif;qkdif&ma&m*gESifh tqkwfuif
                                 D                  f
armf',ftjrifh cs,f&um;rsm;wGiom w½k w f u um;xk w f w J h u k r Ü P D u d k                                                                                                                                                qmjzpfyGm;apaom Asbestos zdkifbm
ygNyD; jrefrmEkdifiHodkYoGif;xm;aom "mwfcGJprf;oyfcdkif;xm;w,f/ tajz                                                                                                                                                       "mwfypönf;yg0ifonfh um;trsKd;
cs,f&Dum;rsm;rSm armf',ftedrfhum; &&if w&m;0ifxkwfjyefoGm;r,f}}[k                                                                                                                                                          tpm;rsm;rSm J3 ESifh T11 um;trsKd;
rsm;omjzpfojzifh tqkwfuifqm OD;oGifjrifharmifu ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                tpm;rsm;jzpfonf/
jzpfapEkdifaom "mwfypönf;rsm;ryg                                   NyD;cJhonfh 2011 ckESpftwGif;rS                                                                                                                                  tEÅ&m,fjzpfapaom "mwfypön;f
0ifEkdifaMumif; ¤if;u The Voice pwifí jrefrmEkdifiHwGif cs,f&Dum;                                                                                                                                                          rsm;yg0ifjcif;aMumifh jyefodrf;,lonfh
Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/                                    rsm;tpD;a& 2000 ausmfoGif;xm;NyD                                                                                                                                         f dk f H k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           w½kwEiixwum;rsm;wGif (Chery)
         ]]jref r mEk d i f i H u d k o G i f ; xm;wJ h jzpfaMumif; pufrI0efBuD;XmexHrS                                                                                                                                    cs,f&DtrSwfwHqdyfum;rsm;omru
       D               S
cs,f&um;awGrm tqkwuifqmjzpf od&Sd&onf/ f                                                                                                                                                                                                         f H df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Great Wall trSwwqyum;rsm;vnf;
                                                                                                                     "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dk f H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           yg0ifonf/ pifumylEiiwif tqkwf
                                                                                                                            cs,f&D (Chery) um;tygt0if Times owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/ uifqmESifh touf½SLvrf;aMumif;
  iPay              uwfoHk;pGJol ESpfaomif;cGJausmf                                                                         f dk f H k f
                                                                                                                     w½kwEiixwum;rsm;wGif tqkwf
                                                                                                                     uifqmjzpfapaom Asbestos zdibm ypönf;rsm;onf tqkwfuifqmjzpf "mwfypön;f udk taqmufttHo;kH ypön;
                                                                                                                                                            k f
                                                                                                                                                                            tqkdyg Asbestos zkdifbm"mwf qki&ma&m*gjzpfapEkiaom Asbestos
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d f                   d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k   f
&efukef? Mo*kwf 21                                                                                                   "mwfypönf;rsm;toHk;jyKxm;onfudk apaomaMumifh EkdifiHaygif; 50 ausmf rsm;ü toHk;rjyK&ef 1989 ckESpfupí
         &efukefNrdKUawmf\ o,f,lydkY cJhNyD; iPay Card ta&twGuf 2600 awGU&Sd&jcif;aMumifh MopaMw;vs u oHk;pGJcGifhydwfyifxm;aomypönf; wm;jrpfxm;cJhNyD; um;rsm;wGif toHk;
                                                                              hJ                    k
aqmifa&;u@wGif a&yef;pm;vm ausmf a&mif;cscaMumif;? tqdyg iPay EkdifiHwGif um;pD;a& 23ç000udkjyef rsm;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                            kd          S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           rjyK&efurl 2004 ckEpupí wm;jrpf
onfh iPay Card udk 2012 {NyDvrS Card wpfuwfvQif 300 usyfjzifh vnfor;f ,lvsu&aMumif; The Straits                               d           f dS                              w½k w f E k d i f i H x k w f (Chery) xm;cJhonf/
                     f                    k J
pí ,ckMo*kwvtxd oH;pGol ta& a&mif;csay;um tenf;qHk;usyf 700
twGuf ESpfaomif;cGJausmftxd&Sd rS trsm;qH;k usywpfoe;f txd jznfoi;f              f          d               h G
aMumif; iPay Card pDrHudef;refae*sm EdiaMumif; upöye'DurPxrS pHprf;
OD;atmifausmfu ajymMum;onf/
                                                            k f
                                                           od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                              k Ü D H k
                                                                                                               aemufqHk;ay: rmpD;'D;ESifU vyfZyftpD; 100 eD;yg;0,f&ef
         c&D ; onf w if , mOf r sm;wG i f                              kd
                                                                   ] vi;f um;ay:uvlawG acsmifacsmif
toHk;jyKrItaeESifh pkpkaygif; iPay cscspD;zdkYeJY ,mOfaMumydwfwmawG
Card ta&twGuf ESpfaomif;ausmf
                                                             d d
                                                           enf;zdkY&,fu iPay uwfxuf ydk
                                                                                                               tpdk;& wif'gac:
                                                                                                                       &efukef? Mo*kwf 30
                                                  k
a&mif;cscNhJ yD; iPay Card pepf toH;jyKrI ta&;BuD;ygw,f}} [k NrdKUwGif; c&D;
                                                                                                                                  jrefrmEkdifiH trsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrI0efBuD;Xmeonf 2011 ESifh 2012 aemufqHk;
udk t"dywd(tjym) 63 pD;? t"dywd onfwif,mOfvi;f pD;eif;ol vSn;f wef;                kd
                                                                                                                        ay: armf',fvfrmpD;'D;ESifh vyfZyftpD; 100 cefYudk EkdifiHjcm;aiGjzifh0,f,lvdkonf[k NyD;cJhonfh Mo*kwfv 28
(teD) 48 pD;? r.x.o ,mOfvkdif;jzpf ae a':rdk;rdk;jrifholu ¤if;\tjrifudk
                                                                                                                        &ufaeYu wif'gac:,lvkdufaMumif; EkdifiHydkifowif;rD'D,mrsm;rSwpfqifh owif;xkwfjyefonf/
                                kd f k f
onfh (124) ajrmufyi;c½di,mOfvi; ajymqdkonf/           kd f
                                                                                                                                                                          D                       d              k
                                                                                                                                  rmpD;'D;ESihf vyfZyftygt0if atmf'ponhf um;trsK;tpm;ig;rsKd; pkpaygif; 172 pD;udk aps;NydKif tqkjd yKvm                         T
rS 36 pD;? a&Ttif;0 (197) ,mOfvdkif;                               tqdyg iPay Card udk oufqi&m
                                                                          k                                   kd f
                                                                                                                                                f      df
                                                                                                                        wpfapmifvQif usywpfoe;txd owfrSwfxm;NyD; aejynfawmf A[dkpufypönf;pm&if;tif;ESifh ppfaq;a&;Xme
rS ajcmufp;D ponfwYwif wyfqiftoH;k c&D;onfwif,mOfvi;rsm;wGif 0,f,l
                             kd G                                                     kd f
                                                                                                                          k                          k
                                                                                                                        ½H;trSwf 32 &Sd wif'gyH;odYk pufwifbmv 10 &ufaeY nae 4 em&Daemufq;xm;í wifoi;&ef ,if;owif;ükH                       G f
jyKaeNyDjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u &Si;jyonf/ EdkifNyD; &efukefNrdKUawmf\ 36 vrf;
                                              f
                                                                                                                        azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
         ]]&efukefNrdKUrSm&SdwJh City Bus xdyf? a&T*Hkwdkif? ordkif;bk&m;vrf;?
                                                                                                                                  ,if;uJhodkY wif'gac:,l0,f,ljcif;rSm jrefrmEkdifiHwGif vmrnfhESpfrsm;twGif; usif;y&ef&Sdonfh tmqD,H
awG tukefvHk;udk iPay uwfoHk;pGJ apmfbGm;BuD;ukef;? yg&rDum;0if;?
                                                                                                                                                                kfH
                                                                                                                        tpnf;ta0;rsm;tygt0if Ediiwumtpnf;ta0;rsm;wGifwufa&mufrnfh{nfhonfrsm;twGuf 0,f,ljcif;
              S f
vmzdYk ypfrwxm;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;u Adkvfwaxmifqdyfurf; ponfhae&m
                                                                                                                        jzpfaMumif; aejynfawmftrsKd;om;pDrHudef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI0efBuD;XmerS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u The
ajymMum;onf/                                                                 l kd f
                                                           rsm;wGif 0,f,Eium vrf;qHrsm;wGif           k
                                                                                                                        Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
         yef;qdk;wef;-'v ajy;qGJae yg iPay Station 11 ckukd xyfrzivpf                                   H G hf S
                                                                                                                                           df                    f G d kd                                   Gf
                                                                                                                                  jrefrmEkiiH um;aps;uGuwif wk,wmvyfZyfum;onf jynfwi;ü aps;jrifonfqonfh vifc½kZmum;xuf   h            dk
onfh oabFmESpfpif;rSm ZGefv 1 &uf oGm;&ef pDpOfvsuf&SdaMumif; tqdyg                                                k
                                                                                                                                                          H        f d          dS dk f                        G      kf
                                                                                                                        aps;wpfqcGjJ rifNh y;D tenf;qk; usyoe;f 3500 cefY&EiaMumif; um;wifoi;f olvyief;&SiwpfO;D u ajymMum;onf/   f
aeYrSpwifí iPay Card pepftoHk;jyK ukrPxrS pHprf;od&&onf/         Ü D H k                 dS
POLITICS
        8
    VOICE
  The


                    LOCAL                                                                                                                                                              Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




'ku©onfta&; w½kwf&yfwnfcsuf                                                                                                                       VOICE OF THE WEEK
                                                                                                                                                    ]]aysmhaysmif;wJhvlvkdYawmh ,lq&ygw,f/ pdwfxJrSm jzpfapcsifwm
                                                                                                                                             awmh OD;pdk;odef;wkdYvdk? OD;atmifrif;wkdYvdk yk*K¾ dvfrsKd;awGvkdayghaemf/ olwYdk

ucsiftzGJY ar;cGef;xkwf                                                                                                                                                 kd
                                                                                                                                             uawmh bmyJjzpfjzpf 'Drua&pDacwfpepfeYJtnD ajymvnf;ajymw,f? vkyf
                                                                                                                                             vnf;vkyfw,f? OD;ÓPfxGef;taeeJYvnf; OD;pdk;odef;wkdYvdkyJ jyKjyif
                                                                                                                                             ajymif;vJa&;udk vkvm;wJh pdwaepdwxm;&S&ifawmh trsm;BuD; tultnD
                                                                                                                                                                  d          f      f        d
&efukef? Mo*kwf 29
                                                                                                                                             &rSmyg}}[k oDaygrJqE´e,frS OD;&JxGef;uajymonf/
           ½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHtwGif; wdrf;a&Smifaeaom axmifcsDonfh'ku©onfrsm;udk jyefvnfxGufcGm&ef                                &ef
  w        zdtm;ay;aeaom w½kwftpkd;&\&yfwnfcsufudk ucsiftzGJUtpnf;tcsKdUu ar;cGef;xkwfvkdufonf/
                                        &\&yf
                                                                                                                                                                Mo*kwfv 23 &ufaeYxkwf 7Days News *sme,f y g
                                                                                                                                                ]'kwd,or®w OD;ÓPfxGef;jzpfvm} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
                                                                                                    f
                                                                                 um ucsiowif;Xmeu azmfjyonf/
                                                                                                       ©
                                                                                           ,if;'kuonfpcef;wGif uav;                                  &efukef½Hk;twGuf tkyfcsKyfrItBuD;tuJ (Bureau Chief) cefYtyf&m
                                                                                 i,frsm; 0rf;a&m*gjzpfyGm;rIrsm;&Sdae                        wGif ,cifutajcpdkufowif;axmufrsm;ESifh vHk;0oduRrf;&if;ESD;rIr&Sdol
                                                                                 aMumif; oGm;a&muftultnDay;ae                                      D            G f
                                                                                                                                             wpfO;udjk ynfwi;owif;axmufrsm;tm; today;qE´awmif;cHjcif;r&SbJ      d
                                                                                 olwkdY\tqkdt& od&onf/                                       atmfpvdk½kH;csKyfrSwdkuf½dkufcefYtyfrItay: jynfwGif;tajcpdkuf owif;
                                                                                           ,if;uJhodkY ucsif'ku©onfrsm;
                                                                                 udk wkdufyGJjzpfyGm;aeonfh ae&modkY                                              kd           k l                  GD D S
                                                                                                                                             axmufrsm;u 'Drua&pDrqef[,qaMumif;? ¤if;tjyif 'DAbrqufo,f             G
                                                                                 zdtm;ay;jyefvTwfjcif;udk vlYtcGifh                          ar;jref;owif;&,l&ef jyefMum;a&;rSpm&if; ay;xm;aom 0efxrf; 32
                                                                                 ta&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u a0zefpGyfpGJ                            OD;udk vufyfawmhyfuGefysLwmwpfvHk;ESifh AD'D,dkuifr&mwpfvHk;pD
                                                                                 ajymqkdrIrsm;udk w½kwfEkdifiHjcm;a&;                                                k             hf            d
                                                                                                                                             ay;tyfjcif;tay: ½H;csKyftaejzifh yGivif;jrifomrIr&S[k xifjrifaMumif;
                                                                                 Xmeu jiif;csufxkwfjyefcJhonf/                               owif;axmuftcsKdUuajymonf/
   "mwfykH-aZaEGxGef;                                                                      w½kwfEkdifiHtpdk;&url ucsif                                                      f d f kd f S               d f l
                                                                                                                                                     ]]olwYdku'gudk tvSL&Siuwku½uvLwm? igwkYd eYJ rqkib;vdYk ajym
        w½kwtpd;&taeESihf ab;'ku© tajctaeqd;k &Gm;onftjyif uav;i,f wkdif;&if;om; ppfajy;'ku©onfrsm;
                f k                                             h                                                                            w,f/ tvSL&Sifu b,folvJMunfhOD;/ [efanmifa0av}}[k rEÅav;
aMumifh a&Smifwr;vmolrsm;udk vuf rsm;\usef;rma&;tajctaeaMumifh jrefrmEkdifiHodkY jyefoGm;Mujcif;rSm ¤if;
                  d f                                                                                                                        wm0efcH'DADGbDowif;axmufwpfOD;uajymonf/
cH&ef 1951 ukvor*¾'ku©onfrsm; jzpfaMumif; ¤if;wkdYu &Sif;jyonf/                  wkdY\qE´tavsmuf jyefoGm;Mujcif;                                              Mo*k w fv 23 &ufaeYxwf ay:jyLvmowif;*sme,fyg
                                                                                                                                                                                      k
qkdif&m oabmwlnDcsufESifh 1967                  w½kwfe,fpyfwGif wkdufyGJrsm; omjzpfaMumif;? taMumif;rSm jrefrm                                          ]jynfyodkY vQHxGufvmaom'DADGbD\twGif;y#dyu©tvHk;pHk
                                                                                       k
oabmwlncsursm;udk vufrwa&; aMumifh ae&yfpGefYcGmonfh 'ku©onf tpd;&wyfzUJG rsm;ESihf ucsivufeufuif
               D f               S f                                                                                     f              kd
                                                                                                                                                                       ajyvnfrIr&ao;} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
xk;xm;aomfvnf; 'ku©onfrsm;ukd pcef;ajcmufc&NdS y; Mo*kwv 22 &ufaeY wyfzUJG jzpfaom autdiatwkYd tMum;
    d                                                     k D        f                                               k f
                                                                                     d f dk f I
xdkodkYzdtm;ay;xGufc G m apjcif ; rS m rS 25 &ufaeYtxd 'kuonfpcef;ig;ck wkucurrsm;avsmusom;jcif;aMumifh
                                                                   ©                                           h           G
pOf;pm;p&m vky&yfjzpfaMumif; ucsif udk w½kwtpd;&\zdtm;ay;rIaMumifh jzpfaMumif; w½kwEiijH cm;a&;0efBuD;
                   f                                   f k                                                    f dk f                                               f     kd f          f      f
                                                                                                                                                    trsK;d om;vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm;\ vTwawmftwGi;f ar;jref;csu?f
Nidrf;csrf;a&; uGef&uf (Kachin Peace KIA xde;f csKye,fajrtwGi;f odYk ajymif;a&TU Xmeu owif;xkwfjyefonf/
                                                        f                                                                                    tqkdrsm;udk oufqkdif&m0efBuD;XmetcsKdUu jyefvnf&Sif;vif;ajzMum;
Network- KPN) u ajymqkdonf/             cJ&NyD; ca'gif;ygpcef;wpfcom use&dS
                                          h                                k f             ]]w½kwfu taMumif;jywmyg/                          csufrsm;rSm wdusa&&mrIr&Sdjcif;? oufqkdif&mar;cGef;ESifhqkdifonfh
        ]]Oya'vufrwx;xm;NyD;om; aMumif; ¤if;wkdYu ajymMum;onf/
                      S f kd                                                     zdtm;ay;NyD; jyefvTwfwm}}[k zmom                                   f                                d
                                                                                                                                             ar;cGe;rsm;tay: ajzMum;&mwGif vk&if;ra&mufjzpfaeNyD; rjzpfoifaom h
ukd bmvdkY rvdkufemEdkif&wmvJ}}[k               ]]uav;eJYrcifawGuawmh 'ku© atmif'Hu rSwfcsufay;onf/
                                                              d                                                                              ajzMum;csufrsm;jzpfaeonf[k trsKd;om;vTwfawmftpdk;&\ tmrcH
KPN rS tm;cgefu ajymqkdonf/             ta&mufqHk;yJ/ ck KIA uvufcHwJh                     'kuonfrsm;udk w½kwu xkoYkd
                                                                                                  ©                            f      d           f                         H      f                    D
                                                                                                                                             csursm;? uwdrsm;ESihf uwdc0efcsursm; aumfrwD0if wpfO;uajymonf/
        wyfrawmftpd;&ESihf ucsivwf 'ku©onfpcef;awGuvnf; wkd;csJU jyefvTwfjcif;rSm jrefrmtpdk;&ESifh
                       k          f G                                                                                                               ]]0efBuD;Xme&JU wpfEkdifiHvHk;twkdkif;twmt& aqmif&GufNyD;onfh
vyfa&;wyfrawmf(KIA) wkdY\wkduf taqmufttHkawGu rNyD;ao;bl;/ qufqHa&;xdckdufrnfudk pdk;&drfjcif;?                                                             f                            f                df k
                                                                                                                                             a'wm(tcsutvuf)rsm;udk zwfMum;&Si;vif;aejcif;aMumifh tcseueNf yD;
yGJrsm;aMumifh w½kwfe,fpyfodkY wdrf; NyD;awmh olwYktwGuf aq;0g;awGawmh jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;
                                                           d                                                                                 vkd&if; ra&mufjzpfaeygw,f}}[k aumfrwD0ifOD;jrtkef;u ajymonf/
                                                                                             kf
a&SmifoGm;&onfh 'ku©onfpcef;rsm; awmfawmfvkdtyfw,f}}[k Aef;armf pGmjyKvyxm;jcif;? w½kwEihf tar&du                          fS
                                                                                                                                                    tcsKdU0efBuD;rsm;taejzifh ar;cGef;rsm;udkjyefvnfajzMum;&mwGif
           f
KIA xde;csKyfe,fajrodYk ajymif;a&TUvm                                                    S
                                        NrdKUrS zmomatmif'Hu The Voice wkYdrm jrefrmhta&;wGif tm;NydKiaeonfh                     f
&NyDjzpfaomfvnf; tcsKdU'ku©onf Weekly okdYajymMum;onf/                                                      f
                                                                                 twGuf vlom;csi;pmemaxmufxm;rI                               avmavmq,ftpDtpOfr&Sdao;aMumif;? cGJa0&&Sdrnfh b@maiGay:
pcef;rsm;rSmajymif;a&TU&ef tcuftcJ              ca'gif;yg'ku©onfpcef;wGif qkdif&mudpö&yfrsm;udk tav;rxm;                                     rlwnfíaqmif&Gufrnf[kom ajzMum;Muojzihf tm;rvkdtm;r&jzpf
                                             f                           k     D  d
&SdqJjzpfaMumif; oufqkdif&mtzGJUrsm; tdraxmifpk 112 pk&NdS yD; pkpaygif;vlO; Ekijf cif;? w½kwEiitwGi; ukvor*¾
                                                                                                      f dk f H               f                                   f                                 kd f
                                                                                                                                             aMumif; ESihf ar;cGe; rsm;onf jynfoYl qE´ukd jynfoYl u,pm;vS,rsm;u
                                                                                                                                                                                                            f
uajymMum;onf/                                                                              f D hJ
                                        a& 593 &Sdum ¤if;wGifausmif;ol at*sipuoYkd tzGUJ tpnf;rsm; 0ifa&muf                                  wifjyjcif;jzpfonfhtwGuf tpdk;&\rl0g'ESifh rqefYusifvQifaqmif&Guf
        ,if;uJhodkY ajymif;a&TU&efrjzpf ausmif;om;pm&if;onf rlBudKuav;rS vmrnfudk pdk;&drfjcif;wkdYaMumifhjzpf                               ay;oifhonf[k trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú| OD;cifatmifjrifhu NyD;cJhonfh
                                                                                   d f
Ekdifjcif;rSm rdk;&GmoGef;rIrsm;tquf pwkwwef;txd 189 OD;&SaMumif; pcef; EkiaMumif; ucsiNf idr;csr;a&;uGe&uf
                                                ¬                      d                                          f f              f         Zlvdkifv 7 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;cJhonf/
rjywfojzifh vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; wm0ef&orsm;\ajymqkcsuukd ud;k um; u qkdonf/
                                                  dS l            d f                                                                                  Mo*kwfv 24 &ufaeYxkwf jrefrmwkdif;rfowif;*sme,fyg
                                                                                                                                               ]udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ar;jref;csufESifhtqkdrsm;ajzMum;rI vdk&if;
        POLITICS
                                                                                                                                                                        ra&mufjzpfae} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
        ucsif'ku©onfrsm;udk zdtm;ay;jyefykdhonfUowif;                                                                                               China Southern Weekend owif;pmazmfjycsufrsm;ü rdrdpdwfxJ
                                                                                                                                             ,HkMunfcH,lxm;onfhtwkdif; ajymMum;rIrsm;yg0ifcJhNyD; tcsKdUtcsufrsm;
        rSefuefrIr&Sd[k w½kwftpkd;&jiif;qdk                                                                                                                                       f     d f      dk
                                                                                                                                             onf jrefrmbmomrS w½kw?f w½kwrS t*FvyoYkd jyefq&mwGif t"dym,f
                                                                                                                                             t,ltqtrsKd; rsKd;uGJvGJrIrsm;vnf; yg0ifaMumif; USDP ygwDrS A[dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ü

        e,l;a,muf? Mo*kwf 26                                                                                                                 tvkyftrIaqmif OD;atmifodef;vif;u ygwDodkY&Sif;vif;wifjycsufwGif
                 w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEkiionf jrefrmEkiirS ucsiwi;&if;om;ppfajy;'kuonfrsm;udk ppfrufjzpfym;vsu&dS
                                      dfH                dfH             f dk f             ©                 G        f                     azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                                     l               hf
        aom Zkefrsm;twGif;odkY zdtm;ay;jyefydkYvsuf&Sdonf[aom vlYtcGita&;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ pGyfpGJajymqdkrIrsm;rSm                                   ]]'DudpöeJYywfoufNyD; ajymqkda0zefMuwm uRefawmfh,lqcsufudk
        rSefuefrIr&SdaMumif; w½kwfEkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xmeu Mo*kwfv 26 &ufaeYwGif jiif;y,fvdkufonf/                                                             dS          l l k      f h          S f
                                                                                                                                             wifjy zkYdwm0ef&w,f/ jynfovxu uReawmf&UJ rJqE´&iyg/ uReawmf    f
                      f kd f                   ©                    dfH         G
                 ucsiwi;&if;om;ppfajy;'kuonfrsm; jrefrmEkiioYkdjyefom;Mujcif;rSm ¤if;wdYk\qE´tavsmuf jyefom;jcif; G                          u tvkyftauR;jyK&rSmyg/ ½l;w,fvkdYrajymygbl;/ pGJvrf;pGmeJY rJay;cJh
                                                                       f          kd f            df    k       d f kd f
        omjzpfaMumif;? taMumif;rSm jrefrmtpd;k &wyfzUJG rsm;ESihf ucsivufeufuiwyfzUJG jzpfaom autkiatwdYtMum; wkucurI                        wmvkdYajymwmyg/ jrpfqHkudpöudkajymwmu udk,hfEkdifiH vQyfppfrD;&ap
                   h     G                                 f dk f                                    f Gf
        rsm;avsmusom;jcif;aMumihjf zpfaMumif; w½kwEiijH cm;a&;0efBuD;Xme\ owif;xkwjf yefcsuwiazmfjyxm;onf/                                   csifwJhqE´yg/ uRefawmfwnfaqmufvkdYr&ygbl;/ uRefawmfh udk,fusKd;
                 vwfwavm &ufowåwpfywftwGif; ESpfEkdifiHe,fpyfa'o w½kwfbufodkYa&muf&Sdvmaom ucsif
        wkdif;&if;om;trsm;pkrSm ppfajy;'ku©onfrsm;r[kwfygaMumif; ,if;aMunmcsufwGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/ ]tcsKdU                                   twGufr[kwfygbl;}}[k OD;atmifodef;vif;u The Messenger *sme,f
        aom ucsifwkdif;&if;om;rsm;onf tvkyftudkifudpöaMumifh aeYbufwGif jrefrmEkdifiHbufodkY jyefoGm;MuNyD;                                  odkYajymonf/
        nbuftcsdefwGif w½kwfEkdifiHbufü ,m,DaexkdifMujcif;jzpfonf}[k aMunmcsufuqkdonf/                                                                   Mo*kwfv 24 &ufaeYxkwf Messenger owif;*sme,fyg
                 ]w½kwfEkdifiHwGif vlom;csif;pmemaxmufxm;wwfonfh pdw"mwf&SdNyD; jrefrme,fpyfa'owGif cdkvIHae
                                                                                        f                                                                   ] China Southern Weekend owif;pmygazmfjycsufudk
        xkdifol tqkdyg'ku©onfrsm;tm; axmufyHhrIjyKEkdifonfh vlom;&if;jrpfrsm;? aiGaMu;ESifh tjcm;aomypönf;                                    OD;atmifodef;vif; jyefvnf&Sif;vif;} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
        rsm;vnf; tajrmuftjrm;&Sdygonf} [k ,if;xkwfjyefcsufu qkdonf/
                 2011 ckESpf ZGefvwGif jrefrmtpdk;&ESifh autdkifattMum; 17 ESpfMum typftcwf&yfpJa&;oabm                                                              k f
                                                                                                                                                   þu@wGif aumufEwazmfjyxm;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;onf
        wlnDcsuftqHk;owfoGm;cJhcsdefrSpí jzpfyGm;cJhaomwkdufyGJrsm;aMumifh ucsifwdkif;&if;om;ppfajy;'ku©onfaxmif                             oufqdkif&mrD'D,m odkYr[kwf pma&;olrsm;\ tmabmfomjzpfNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                 mjzpf
        aygif;rsm;pGmrSm w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH ,leefjynfxJodkY xGufajy;wdrf;a&SmifcJhMuonf/                                                The Voice Weekly t,f'DwmtzGJUtaeESifhoabmwljcif; rwljcif;udk
                 rMumao;cif&ufydkif;twGif; vlYtcGifhta&;apmifhMunhfa&;tzGJU (HRW) tygt0if tjcm;aom vlYtcGihf
        ta&;tkyfpkrsm;u w½kwftpdk;&onf ,if;ucsifwdkif;&if;om;'ku©onfrsm;udk zdtm;ay;jyefydkYvsuf&Sdonf[k                                                                                        mjzpf
                                                                                                                                             udk,fpm;rjyKbJ taygif;vu©Pmjzpfap? tEkwfvu©Pmjzpf a p
        pGyfpGJajymqdkrIrsm;ESifhywfoufí tar&duefowif;pm e,l;a,mufwkdif;rfu w½kwfEkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;XmexH                                                                             y&d
                                                                                                                                             xl;jcm;aom toGifwpfckaqmifaeygu pmzwfy&dowfrsm; owdjyKrd
        qufoG,far;jref;cJh&m ,if;odkY aMunmcsufygxkwfjyefvkdufjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                  apvdkí jyefvnfudk;um;azmfjyjcif;jzpfygonf/
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012


POLITICS
                                                                                                                                                                  LOCAL                                               VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9




&cdkifjynfe,fy#dyu©rsm;ESifUywfoufí owif;tcsuftvufrsm;ay;ydkhEkdif[kqkd
&efukef? Mo*kwf 26
         cdkifjynfe,fwGif arvESifh ZGefvtwGif;u jzpfyGm;cJhonfh y#dyu©rsm;ESifhywfoufí tjzpfrSefay:aygufapa&;        apa&;
 &       twGuf owif;tcsuftvufrsm;udk rcic.information@gmail.com odkY tD;ar;vfjzifhay;ydkYEkdifaMumif;
                                                                    yxrqH
EkdifiHawmfor®wuzGJUpnf;ay;cJhaom pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sifu yxrqHk;tBudrf owif;xkwfjyefvkdufonf/
        Mo*kwv 17 &ufaeYu pwif tjzpf aumf r &S i f t wG i f ; a&;rS L ;
                 f                                                                  vmrnfh &uftenf;i,ftwGi;                f
                                                            dI f        G
zGJUpnf;ay;cJhonfh tqkdygoD;jcm; a'gufwmausmf&ifviu aqmif&uf y#dyu©rsm;jzpfyGm;&m a'orsm;odkY
vGwfvyfaompHkprf;a&;aumfr&Sif\ oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? pmwkdufrSwpf oGm;a&mufí ueOD;avhvmrIrsm;
vkyief;pOfrsm;xda&mufpmaqmif&uf qifhjzpfap? vludk,fwkdifjzpfap ay;ydkY jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; tpD&ifcHpm
      f                    G          G
Ekdif&eftwGuf tzGJU0if 10 OD;yg0if vkdolrsm;twGuf vdyfpmudkxyfrH twGuf vkdtyfaomowif;tcsuf
onfh pDrHcefYcGJa&;aumfrwDudk ,ref aMunmoGm;rnf[k ,if;xkwfjyef tvufrsm;udpepfwusaumuf,&ef  k                             l
aeYuzGJUpnf;cJhNyD; ajyma&;qdkcGifh&Sdol csufwGif azmfjyonf/                    twG u f vk y f x H k ; vk y f e nf ; rsm;ud k
 INSTITUTIONAL



w½kwfESifU xdkif;e,fpyfwGif tpm;taomufrsm;ppfaq;rnf
&efukef? Mo*kwf 29                                                                                                                                    "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
         jrefrmEkdifiHwGif;odkY xkdif;ESifh     onfh pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;\ 'Pfudk                              wifoGif;aom MuufO? Muufayguf
          f          dS k f G f
w½kwe,fpyf&ueo,a&;pcef;rsm;                     BuHhBuHhcHEkdif&efvkdtyfaMumif;? ukef                        t&Sifrsm;tm; jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;odkY          f f               f
                                                                                                                                                     uRr;usiaomynm&Sirsm;yg0ifonfh            rsm;aMumifh aoqHk;ol 87 OD;? xdcdkuf
rS wpfqifhwifoGif;aeaom tpm;                               f
                                                ypön;ppfaq;&mwGif ,ckxufaumif;                               wifoGif;&ef jyefvnfydwfyifjcif;jzifh    okawoetzGJUzGJUpnf;oGm;rnf[k                        d               f
                                                                                                                                                                                              'Pf&m&&Sol 120 OD;? bke;BuD;ausmif;
taomufrsm;udkMuyfrwfppfaq;&ef                   rGefonfh enf;pepfrsm;toHk;jyKrSom                            vufwkHYjyefcJhMuNyD; ,cktcg w½kwf       ,if;xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/                                            H
                                                                                                                                                                                              14 ausmif;? pmoifausmif;ok;ausmif;
                 f
twGuf use;rma&;0efBuD;Xme tpm;                  pm;oHk;&efroifhonfh pm;tkef;qDrsm;                           EkdifiHu usef;rma&;t& pm;oHk;&ef                Mo*k w f v 8 &uf a eYtxd         ESifh tdrfajc 5300 ausmf rD;avmif
taomufESifhaq;0g;uGyfuJa&;Xme                                        ö
                                                uJhodkYudprsm; aemifwGifuif;&Sif;rnf                         roifhaom oGif;ukefrsm;udk ppfaq;        aemufqHk;&&Sdvmaom pm&if;rsm;t&             k H h           k            k
                                                                                                                                                                                              qH;½I;cJaMumif; &cdijf ynfe,ftpd;&u
(FDA) ½Hk;cGJESpfckudk rlq,f 105 rkdif          jzpfaMumif; w½kwf-jr0wDe,fpyf                                &efpDpOfjcif;jzpfonf/                      k             G    G h
                                                                                                                                                     &cdijf ynfe,fwijf zpfym;cJaom y#dyu©     w&m;0ifowif;xkwfjyefonf/
ESifh jr0wDNrdKUwkdYwGif pufwifbmv              wpfavQmufwGif ukefoG,faeaom
'kwd,ywftwGif;ü zGifhvSpf&ef&Sd                                          f       f
                                                pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;&SiwpfO;uajymMum;       D                       AID
aMumif; nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;aZmf0if;             onf/ FDA XmecGJrsm;e,fpyfwGif
u ajymMum;onf/
         arSmifckdjzwfausmf ukefoG,frI
rsm; jzpfay:vsuf&Sdonfh e,fpyf
                                                    hf
                                                zGirnfqygu tvGeaumif;aMumif;?
                                                w½kwe,fpyfrwpfqifh jrefrmEkiioYkd
                                                         f
                                                                f
                                                                  kd
                                                ukeypön;rsKd;pH0ifa&mufvsuf&aom
                                                                       f k
                                                                               S
                                                                                     f
                                                                                                   d f H
                                                                                                    dS
                                                                                                                 csif;jynfe,fzGHY NzdK;a&;                   JICA           aiGxkwfacs;rnf
ukefoG,f&mvrf;aMumif;rsm;ay:wGif                aMumifh pm;oH;&efroifonfh ukeypön;
                                                                          k          h            f f            &efukef? Mo*kwf 29
w&m;r0if 0ifa&mufaom ypönf;                     rsm;udk [efYwm;Ekdif&ef vkyfaqmif                                      vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;cufcJNyD; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIenf;yg;aeao;aom csif;jynfe,fwGif pdkufysKd;arG;jrL
rsm;udk xdef;csKyfEkdif&efESifh ydkYukefoGif;          h
                                                oifaMumif;? jrefrmEkiiom;rsm;onf   d f H                        a&;vkyfief;rsm; wGifus,fpGmvkyfudkifEkdif&eftwGuf *syeftjynfjynfqkdif&m yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;at*sifpD
      f      f
ukeypön;rsm;twGuf usef;rma&;ESihf                            k              hf
                                                pm;oH;oltcGita&;rsm;udq;Hk ½I;vsuf         k H                  (JICA) u acs;aiGrsm;xkwfacs;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; JICA \jyefMum;a&;wm0efcHu The Voice Weekly
udkufnDrI &Sd? r&Sd ppfaq;ay;&ef                &SdaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHykpGefvkyfief;&Sif                      odkY ajymMum;onf/
e,fpyfNrdKUrsm; jzpfonfh rlq,f 105              toif; 'kwd,Ouú| OD;ESif;OD;u                                           ]]EkdifiHjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;rSm t"duvkdtyfwmu vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;yJ/ JICA taeeJYuawmh vrf;
rkdifESifh jr0wDNrdKUwdkYwGif FDA XmecGJ        ajymMum;onf/                                                    wHwm;u@awGrSm toHk;jyKzkdYay;r,f/ usefwmuawmh olwkdYwifwJh Project ay:rlwnfw,f}}[k ¤if;u
rsm;zGifhvSpf&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u                                        dfH G
                                                               jrefrmEkiiwif tpm;taomuf                         qkdonf/
qkdonf/                                         ESifh aq;0g;uGyfuJa&;Xme wnf&Sd                                        vrf;wHwm;wnfaqmufa&;? pdkufysKd;a&;ESifh arG;jrLa&;vkyfief;rsm;zGHUNzdK;ap&eftwGuf acs;aiGrsm;udk
         ]]tpm;taomufab;uif;rI                  aom NrdKUrsm;rSm aejynfawmf? &efuef                      k                       k            h                                         f
                                                                                                                jynfe,ftpd;&uwpfqifay;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; JICA taejzifh vufawGUuGi;qif;okawoejyK aumuf,rrsm;jyK            l I
(Food Security) twGufprf;oyfppf                 ESifh ,ckwdk;csJUzGifhvSpfaomNrdKUrsm;                          vkyfoGm;rnfjzpfí ESpfOD;ESpfzufaqG;aEG;rIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;rsm;jzpfaom
aq;rI (Myanmar Inspection Test-                 yg0ifygu pkpkaygif;NrdKUav;NrdKUwGif                            avSum;xpfpdkufysKd;a&;ESifh a&&&Sda&;vkyfief;rsm;? aus;vufusef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIvkyfief;rsm;vkyf
ing Services) awGjyKvkyNf yD; oGi;ukef  f       zGifhvSpfxm;aMumif; aejynfawmf&Sd                               aqmif&eftwGuf csif;jynfe,ftpdk;&u usyfoef; 9900 udk acs;,lzG,f&SdaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
axmufcHcsuf (Import Recomman-                   tqkdygXmexHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                        ]]'Dbufudkawmh w&m;0ifbmrS rajymao;ygbl;}}[k csif;jynfe,f opfawmOD;pD;XmenTefMum;a&;rSL;u
dation) awGxkwfay;aeygw,f}} [k                                 jrefrmEkdifiHrS w½kwfodkY wifydkY                The Voice Weekly odkY jyefvnfajzMum;onf/
               f
FDA \vkyaqmifcsursm;ESiywfouff      hf          aom Muuf?0uf? trJ?bJESifhom;ig;                                        vuf&Sd 2012-2013 b@mESpftwGuf jynfaxmifpktpdk;&taejzifh qif;&JrGJawrIyaysmufa&; tpDtpOf
í ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/                              ydkYukefrsm;udk w½kwfjynfolYor®w                                jzifh csif;jynfe,ftwGuf usyfaiG oef; 3000 csay;xm;aMumif;? xkdaiGrsm;udk pdkufysKd;a&;? usef;rma&;?
         FDA taejzifh aps;uGufodkY0if           EkdifiHrS vufrcHaMumif; NyD;cJhonfh                             ynma&;ESifh a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;ae&mrsm;twGuf toHk;jyKvsuf&SdaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
                   f     f
a&mufí ukeypön;rsm;ukd a&Smifwcif               Zl v k d i f v twG i f ; jref r moH ½ H k ; od k Y                     csif;jynfe,fwGif pkpkaygif;vlOD;a& ig;odef;av;aomif;cefYaexdkifNyD; awmif,mpdkufysKd;a&;ESifh arG;jrLa&;
ppfaq;oifhaMumif;? e,fpyfwGifXme                taMumif;Mum;cJNh yD; jrefrmEkiibufrS        d f H                    f              f kd
                                                                                                                vkyief;rsm;vkyuiMf uonf/ csi;jynfe,fwif NrdKUe,f ud;NrdKUe,fEihf NrdKUe,fcav;ck&NdS yD; c½dio;ck&onf/
                                                                                                                                                    f       G         k        S           JG              k f Hk dS
cGJzGifhygu vmbfay;vmbf,lvkyfvdk                vnf ; w½k w f E k d i f i H r S w&m;r0if
    10
    VOICE
  The




 POLITICS
                    LOCAL                                                                                                                                                         Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




                                                                                                                                                        News in Brief
xdkif;ESifU e,fpyfa'oaqG;aEG;yGJ                                                                                                        omaygif;a&ab; pufrI0efBuD;Xme axmufyHUvSL'gef;
jyefvnfpwif&ef jrefrmoabmwl                                                                                                             aejynfawmf? Mo*kwf 28
                                                                                                                                                             dk f                                    f
                                                                                                                                                  {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD; omaygif;NrdKUe,ftwGi;&Sd a&ab;oifjh ynforsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                            D
                                                                                                                                        udk pufr0efBuD;Xme 'kw,0efBuD;OD;ode;atmifO;aqmifaomtzGUJ onf Mo*kwv
                                                                                                                                                    I                 d             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f
csif;½dkif? Mo*kwf 27
                                                                                                                                        23 &ufaeYwGifoGm;a&mufawGUqHkNyD; vHkcsnftxnf 600? ausmif;pdrf;txnf
                umvMum&SnfpGm&SdaecJhonfh xdkif;-jrefrmESpfEdkifiHe,fpyfa'o ta&;udpörsm;ajz&Sif;Edkif&ef OD;wnf                                                     k           k             f           d
                                                                                                                                        300? yef;uefjym;? ZvHapmuf? ZvHyuf? pwD;ZGe;? wpfrsK;vQif 1000 pDEihf Avm  S
 ESpf           aom aqG;aEG;n§dEdIif;yGJrsm; jyefvnfpwif&ef jrefrmtpdk;&u oabmwlnDvdkufNyDjzpfaMumif; xdkif;                            pmtkyf'gZif 100 wdkYudk omaygif;NrdKUe,fjynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;XmerS t&m&SdwpfOD;\ajymMum;csufudk befaumufydkYpfowif;pmu udk;um;a&;om;azmfjyonf/                                  OD;0if;odef;? OD;apmav;axmESifh acwåNrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;ausmfolwdkYxH
            jrefrmEdkifiH\ jynfwGif;tajc aemufqHk;tBudrftjzpf usif;ycJhNyD; wD&mcsD,efu ajymMum;onf/                                    vTJajymif;ay;tyfvSL'gef;cJhum eHeHyifukef;aus;&Gm bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;
taet&yf&yfrSm ,cifuxufydkí jrefrmEdkifiH jynfwGif;a&;jyóemrsm;                                        xdYkjyif tqdygjrpfEihf tenf;qH;
                                                                                                                    k        S     k    a&ab;u,fq,fa&;pcef;&Sd a&ab;oifhtdrfaxmifpk 121 pkESifh avSBuD;wuf
wnfNidrfvmaomaMumifh tpdk;&u aMumifh aqG;aEG;yGJqdkif&m vkyfxHk; rDwm 200 cefYa0;uGm onfa'owGif                                h        a&T&wemyHkausmif; a&ab;u,fq,fa&;pcef;&Sd a&ab;oifhtdrfaxmifpk 60
xdkif;EdkifiHESifh e,fpyfa'oqdkif&m vkyfenf;rsm;udk &yfqdkif;cJhonf/                          Mum;cHe,fajrwpfckxm;&Sd&efvnf;            wdkYudkvnf; axmufyHha&;ypönf;rsm;ay;tyfvSL'gef;cJhonf/
ta&;udpörsm;tm; tqHk;owf&ef                                  ,ckEpatmufwbmv yk*wif rdrtaeESihf qE´&aMumif; ¤if;uajym
                                                                     Sf      kd       H G       d                dS                               omaygif;NrdKUe,f a&ab;oifhjynfolrsm;twGuf jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
BudK;yrf;vsuf&SdaMumif; xdkif;-jrefrm jyef v nf u sif ; yrnf h aqG ; aEG ; yG J ü qdkonf/                                               OD;pdk;odef;ay;ydkYvSL'gef;aom qeftdwf 100 ESifh aomufa&oefYbl;BuD; 160
yl;wGe,fpyfa&;&maumfrwD (JBC) \ ESpfEdkifiH vwfwavmjzpfay:aeonfh
        J                                                                                             e,fpyfa'o aqG;aEG;n§dEdIif;rI            kd                 f        kH                   kH S
                                                                                                                                        wdYkuvnf; tqifjh rihpuúLpuf½(omaygif;) puf½rL; OD;cifarmifwifh OD;pD;aom
yl;wGJOuú| rpöwmAmqifwD&mcsD,ef aomif;&if;jrpfwpfavQmuf y#dyu© rsm;twGuf vrf;ñTefcsufozG,f                                                                 f             G                f
                                                                                                                                        tzGUJ u Mo*kwv 26 &ufaeYwif bk&m;uke;aus;&Gm&Sd a&ab;oiftraxmifpk   h d f
                                                                                                                                                          f k f                       h d f
                                                                                                                                        454 pk? wvkyue;aus;&Gm&Sd a&ab;oiftraxmifpk 142 pk? atmifwyfaus;&Gm
u ajymMum;onf/                                             ö
                                                        udpukd t"duaqG;aEG;rnfjzpfaMumif; toHk;jyK&rnfh em;vnfrIpmcRefvTm
                                                                                                                                                         h d f                    S
                                                                                                                                        &Sd a&ab;oiftraxmifpk 194 pkEihf bk&m;eD;aus;&Gm&Sd a&ab;oihtraxmifpkf d f
            ]]vmr,f h atmuf w d k b mv rpöwm AmqifwD&mcsD,efu ajym (MoU) wpf&yfudkvnf; xnfhoGif;
                                                                                                                                        1305 pkwdkYudk cGJa0axmufyHhay;tyfvSL'gef;cJhonf/
a&S;a[mif;yk*HNrdKUrSm JBC aqG;aEG;yGJ Mum;onf/ aomif;&if;jrpfonf xdi; aqG;aEG;oGm;&ef ESpfEdkifiHpDpOfvsuf
                                                                                        k f                                                       xdkYtjyif ,if;tzGJUonf avSwufBuD;aus;&Gm&Sd a&ab;oifhtdrfaxmifpk
jyefvnfusif;yzdkY jrefrmtpdk;&buf EdkifiH wufc½dkifESifh jrefrmEdkifiH u&if &Sdonf[k ¤if;uqdkonf/ vuf&Sd                                40? eHeHyifukef;aus;&Gm&Sd a&ab;oifhtdrfaxmifpk 120 ESifh MuufoGefuGif;
u oabmwlnDvdkufNyDjzpfygw,f/ jynfe,f jr0wDc½dkifwdkYudk e,fpyf taetxm;wGif rda&;jrpfwpfavQmuf                         k                 aus;&Gm&Sd a&ab;oifhtdrfaxmifpk 69 pkwdkYtm; qeftdwfrsm;axmufyHhay;tyf
'gayrJh b,faeYusif;yjzpfrvJqdk a'otjzpf ydkif;jcm;ay;xm;aom jzpfay:onfh jyóemrsm;udk ajz&Sif;                                           vSL'gef;cJhonf/
wmawmh rqHk;jzwf&ao;ygbl;}} [k jrpfjzpfonf/                                                   &ef zGJUpnf;xlaxmifxm;aom enf;                      pufrI0efBuD;Xmeu {&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD; omaygif;NrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd
xd k i f ; Ek d i f i H j cm;a&;0ef B uD ; Xmeu              xdkif;EdkifiHtaejzifh e,fpyf ynmqdkif&m yl;wGJaumfrwDudk ,cif              a&ab;oifhjynfolrsm;udk oGm;a&mufaxmufyHhvSL'gef;cJhrI pkpkaygif;rSm
BuD ; rS L ;usif ; yaom xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H ? ppf a q;a&;*d w f r sm; yd w f y if r I r S uxuf ydkrdkwuf<upGm vkyfudkif                                                   k
                                                                                                                                        4ç438ç000 usyjf zpfaMumif; tqdyg0efBuD;XmexHrS od&&onf/        dS
jrefrmESihf vmtdk e,fpyfa'oqufqH umuG,Eia&;twGuf e,fpyfta&; vnfywfEdkif&ef ESpfEdkifiHpvHk;u qE´
                                                                f kd f
a&;qdi&m aqG;aEG;yGtcrf;tem;wGif udpöESifh EdkifiHa&;ta&;udpöwdkYudk &SdaeMuonf/ xdkif;-jrefrm ESpfEdkifiH
           k f                  J                                                                                                            d HÜ l  Y Hk
                                                                                                                                        tm&Soyvi,fawGqyJG jrefrmausmif;om;ajcmufO;D wufa&muf
¤if;uajymMum;onf/ JBC aqG;aEG; oD;jcm;pDjzpfatmif BudK;yrf;vkyaqmif e,fpyfrm 2401 uDvrwm &Snvsm;
                                                                                    f                  S                kd D     f      &efukef? Mo*kwf 29
yG J u d k vG e f c J h o nf h ck e pf E S p f c ef Y u oGm;rnfjzpfonf[k rpöwmAmqif onf/                                                                      d f                         G             S
                                                                                                                                                    tpöa&;EkiiH a*s½kpvifNrKdUawmfwif 2012ckEpf Mo*kwfv 26&ufaeY u
                                                                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                        pwifusi;yaom tm&SodyÜHynmqkdif&mvli,fawGUqkHyGJ (Asian Science Camp
    rsufESmzHk; - or®wBuD; OD;odef;pdef tar&duodkY ordkif;0ifc&D;pwifrnf rStquf                                                         - ASC) okdY jrefrmEkdifiHrS ukd,fpm;vS,fausmif;om;ausmif;ol ajcmufOD;wuf
                                                                                                                                                     hJ                                      Hk
                                                                                                                                        a&mufcaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&mtpöa&;oH½;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
                                     f f                  d                   I             k f
            ]]jrefrmor®wOD;ode;pdeeYJ ol&UJ tpk;&tzGUJ u jyKjyifajymif;vJrawG qufvufvyaqmifaewJtwGuaMumifh   h           f                          tm&SwkdufEkdifiHrsm;rS ukd,fpm;vS,fausmif;om;ausmif;ol vli,f 300
                                             dk         dk hJ      f       d
    olwkdYeJY ykdrkdeD;uyfpGmcsdwfqufvw,fqwtcsuudk or®wtkbm;rm;u tcsufjyzkdY ,ckvq;jzwfvuwmyg}}[k    dk Hk     dk f                     eD;yg;cefYwufa&mufMuonfh tqkdygodyÜHynmqkdif&m vli,fawGUqkHyGJzGifhyGJ
    tdrjf zLawmfrS trsKd;om;vkNH cKHa&;qkdif&majyma&;qkdcGifh&Sdol awmfrDADwmu ajymMum;onf/                                             tcrf;tem;wGif tpöa&;EkdifiHor®w rpöwm&SdrGefyJ&pfpfukd,fwdkifwufa&muf
                                                                                                 d dk f
            ]]jrefrmtpkd;&tzGJUu ta&;ygwJh jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;orm;awGeYJ uRefawmfwYdk ykrcsdwqufEiwtwGuf         dk f hJ                        G f                             dk f            d HÜ
                                                                                                                                        rdeYf ce;ajymMum;cJNh yD; tm&Swu\ tem*wfoyynm&Sif vli,frsm;tcsif;csif;
    aMumifh jrefrmEkdifiH&JU EkdifiHa&;eJY pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIjzpfpOf[m vG,fulacsmarGUcJhNyD; BuD;rm;wJhwkd;wufrI              enf;ynmawGUqkHESD;aESmzvS,fMu&efESihf odyÜHynm&yfzGHUNzKd;wkd;wufap&ef
    tqifhukda&mufcJhygw,f}}[k ¤if;uqufvufajymqkdonf/                                                                                    &nf&G,fusif;y&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ASC \ xkwfjyefcsuft&od&Sd&onf/
                                  d             H                               f f S
            ,ckvkd or®wtkbm;rm;\qk;jzwfcsufaMumifh or®wOD;ode;pdeEifh ol\jyKjyifajymif;vJvkdpdwf&Sdaom                                              tqkygvli,fawGUqkyudk xki0rfü 2007 ckEpwif yxrOD;qk;usif;ycJh
                                                                                                                                                          d                H JG       df                  S f G          H
                                                    f
    tpkd;&0efBuD;rsm;taejzifh c&D;pOftwGi; tar&dueftpkd;&t&m&SdBuD;rsm;ESifh &if;ESD;cspfMunfpGmawGUqkHEkdifum                                                    S f G
                                                                                                                                        jcif;jzpfNyD; 2008ckEpwif tif'kdeD;&Sm;EkdifiH? 2009 ckESpfwGif *syefEkdifiH? 2010
                                                   d dk              f G
    tar&duefrl0g'rsm;ESifh 'Drkdua&pDukd ykraumif;rGepmem;vnfoabmaygufEkdifrnf}} jzpfonf[kvnf;qdkonf/                                   jynfEpwif tdE,EkiiEifh 2011ckEpwif uk&;,m;EkiiwYdkü vufcusi;ycJonf/
                                                                                                                                                hSf G       d´ d f H S               Sf G dD           dfH            H f h
            tar&duefor®wtkdbm;rm;tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUonf ¤if;uwdjyKxm;onfhtwkdif; jreffrmEkdifiHrSwkd;wufjzpf                                                                                           S
                                                                                                                                                    ,cktpöa&;EkdifiHü usif;yonfh 2012 ckEpf vli,fawGUqkyJGokdY ausmif; H
    xGe;rIrsm;ukd teD;uyfapmifMh unhfavhvmvsuf&SdNyD; wkd;wufjzpfxGef;rIwpfccsi;pDtay: tjyKoabmaqmifonfh
          f                                                                           k f                                               olausmif;om;pkpkaygif; 225OD;ESihf tkyfcsKyfol 35 OD; wufa&mufcJhMuNyD;
    wkYHjyefrIrsm; jyKvyvsu&onfuawGU&onf/
                        kf      f dS      dk                                                                                            jrefrmEkiirS uk,pm;vS,rsm;tjzpf rEÅav;uGeysLwmwuúov?f &efuetaemuf
                                                                                                                                                    d f H d f           f                        f                 dk    kf
            or®wOD;odef;pdef ukvor*¾taxGaxGnDvmcHokdYwufa&muf&ef tar&duefjynfaxmifpoYdk oGm;a&mufrnfh      k                              df
                                                                                                                                        yki;enf;ynmwuúokdvfESihf csif;wGif;aumvdyfwkdYrS ausmif;olausmif;om;
    ,if;pufwifbmvwGifyif jynfoUl vTwawmfu,pm;vS,f a':atmifqef;pkMunfonfvnf; Congressional Gold
                                                      f       dk f                                                                      pkpkaygif; ajcmufOD;? tkyfcsKyfolrsm;tjzpf pufrIESihfoufarG;ynmOD;pD;XmerS
    Medal a&TwHqdyfqk (tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\xdyfwef;*kPfjyKqk) vufcH&,l&ef ,if;EkdifiHokdYyif oGm;a&muf                                  wGJzufygarmu©a':jrpef;a0ESihf Myanmar Credent Technology rS trIaqmif
    rnfjzpfonf/ ¤if;wkdYESpfOD;\tar&duefc&D;pOfrSm wpfcsdewnf;jzpf&ef&onf[k cefYre;&onf/
                                                                         f        Sd         S f                                               d f                        d f
                                                                                                                                        'g½kuwm OD;ol&wkYd u vkuygoGm;cJMh uaMumif; ,if;oH½;u xkwfjyefonf/      Hk
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012


                                                                                         POLITICS
                                                                                                                                                             LOCAL                                                             VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     11



                 News in Brief
Healthy Lifestyle Fair
&efukef? Mo*kwf 30
                                                jyyGJusif;yrnf                          wdkufyGJrsm;aMumifU zm;uefhNrdKY e,fwGif
        usef;rmaysmf&TifzG,frdom;pkb0ukd ykdifqkdifvkdolrsm;twGuf Healthy
Lifestyle Fair     jyyGJwpf&yfukd pufwifbmv 5&ufaeYrS 16&ufaeYtxd
&efukefNrKdU&Sd pdefa*[myg&rDpifwmwGif usif;yjyKvkyom;rnfjzpf&m tqkdyg
                                                      f G
                                                                                        a'ocHajcmufaxmifcefh ae&yfpGefhcGm
jyyGJwGif aq;0g;ESihf tvStyqkdif&mypönf;rsm;ukd 30&mckdifEIef;txd aps;EIef;             &efukef? Mo*kwf 26
avQmhcs a&mif;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; qD;csKd? aoG;csKdtcrJhwkdif;wmay;jcif;? rsufESm                                 ausmf ausmufpdrf;rsm;xGuf&Sd&m zm;uefYNrdKUe,fwGif tpdk;&wyfrawmfESifh ucsifvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf                                awmf
tom;ta& prf;oyfay;jcif;? t½k;yGa&m*gppfaq;ay;jcif;rsm;ponfh use;rma&;
                                  d
                                                                  J
                                                                      f
qkdif&m apmifha&SmufrIrsm;ukd vkyfaqmifay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jyyGwm0ef&ol dS
                                                                                         urÇm                 (KIA) wk d Y aeY p Of w d k u f y G J r sm;jzpf y G m ;vmrI a Mumif h aus;&G m 13 &G m rS pG e f Y c G m vmonf h 'k u © o nf 5935
wpfO;uajymMum;onf/
      D                                                                                  OD;&SdaMumif; NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;tzGJUu Mo*kwfv 26 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                   tqdkygae&yfpGefYcGm 'ku©onf
uifqma&m*gqkdif&m a[majymyGJusif;yrnf                                                   rsm;twGuf zm;uefYNrdKUay: &yfuuEihf            G fS
&efukef? Mo*kwf 30                                                                                       kd
                                                                                        teD;wpf0uf aus;&Gmrsm;&Sd bke;awmf           f
               dfH
       jrefrmEkiiq&m0eftoif; awmifBuD;u icare medical group ESifh yl;aygif;í            BuD;ausmif;? c&pf,mefbk&m;ausmif;
uifqma&m*gqkdif&m a[majymyGJwpf&yfukd pufwifbmv 15 &ufaeYwGif                                   G           ©
                                                                                        wdYkwif 'kuonfpcef; zGivpxm;onf     hf S f
awmifBuD;NrKdU jrefrmEkdifiHq&m0eftoif; (MMA) ½kH;cef;ü usif;yoGm;rnfjzpf                             dS
                                                                                        rSm 19 ck&aMumif; ¤if;wdYkxro&onf/     HS d
aMumif; ,if;pifwm\wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                   ]]wdkufyGJuawmh &ufqufay
       tqkdyga[majymyGJwGif pifumylEkdifiHrSuifqma&m*g txl;ukq&m0ef                     r,fh odyfrjyif;xefao;bl;/ 'gayrJh
BuD;rsm;u uifqma&m*gtaMumif; odaumif;zG,f&mrsm;? aqmif&efa&Smif&ef                      ppftiftm; wdk;csJUaeMuwmawGrsm;
                                                       f     d
rsm;ukd aqG;aEG;a[majymoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; uifqma0'em&Sirsm;ukvnf; Munf½I         h         awmh a'ocHawGaMumufNyD; ajy;vm
                                          f d dS dk l
aqG;aEG;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? tao;pdwo&vorsm;onf jrefrmjynf½;cGJ          Hk           wmyg}} [k zm;uefYNrdKUrS jynfcdkifNzdK;
zkef;-09-402657827 ESihf zkef;-01-532471okdY qufoG,fpkHprf;Ekdifrnfjzpf                 ygwD0ifwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly
aMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                    odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                  photos by John John Sanlin
                                                                                                   zm;uefYNrdKUay: &yfuGufjzpf
wuúokdvfrsm;a&ul;NyKdifyGJ &efukefta&SYykdif;wuúokdvf'kdif;&                            aom iS u f a ysmawm&yf u G u f w G i f wyfrawmfwYkdonf Mo*kwv 15 &uf rS Nidrf;csrf;a&; tusKd;aqmifrsm;ESifh
                                                                                                                                                                                     f
&efukef? Mo*kwf 10                                                                      aexd k i f o l t rsKd ; om;wpf O D ; u aeYü wdkufyGJrsm; jyefvnfpwifcJhNyD; jrefrmtpdk;&\ jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;rI
                                        h
      ynma&;0efBu;D Xme tqifjh rifynmOD;pD;Xme (atmufjrefrmjynf)ESifh ynma&;            ]]wdkufyGJjzpfwJhae&mu NrdKUeJYwpfrdkif Mo*kwfv 18 &ufaeYwGif ae&yfpGefY azmfaqmifa&;aumfrwDwdkY awGUqHk
pDrHudef;ESihf avhusihfa&;OD;pD;Xmeatmuf&Sdwuúokdvf? 'D*&Daumvdyf rsm;ESihf                 f kd f                   h                     kd f
                                                                                        ESpriavmufa0;wJae&mrSm/ aeYwi; cGm'ku©onfrsm; a&muf&Sdvmonfh aqG;aEG;rIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaomfvnf;
                  f                   S      d f JG G       kf
ynma&;aumvdyrsm;\ 2012ckEpf a&ul;NyKiywif &efueta&SUyki; wuúovf    df           dk      jzpfaew,f/ vufeufBuD;oHawG twGuf ,m,Dwnf;cdka&; pcef;rsm; oabmwlnDcsufr&&Sdao;aMumif;
u tzGJUvkdufNyKdifyGJü wHcGefpkduf'kdif;qk qGwfcl;&&SdcJhaMumif;? tzGJUvkdufNyKdifyGJ   Mum;&w,f}} [k qdkonf/                                           zGifhvSpfcJhaMumif; NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&; jrpf B uD ; em;Nrd K UwG i f aexd k i f o nf h
              d         H        dk f
twGuf 'kw,qkudk '*kwuúovuvnf;aumif;? wwd,qkudk ykorwuúovf              df          dk              zm;uef Y N rd K Ue,f w G i f tpd k ; & rSL;½Hk;xHrS od&onf/                                        Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusKd;aqmifwpfOD;u
uvnf;aumif;&&SdcJhaMumif; tqkdygNyKdifyGJ&v'faMunmcsuft&od&onf/                         wyfrawmfESifh ucsifvGwfvyfa&;                                             ucsifvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf ajymMum;onf/
   12
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                               Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




jrefrmEdkifiHqefpyg;toif; ukefpnf'dkifwGif
t&efqef aehpOfxkwfa&mif;ay;rnf                                                                                                      pOf
                                                                                                                                    1/    yJqD
                                                                                                                                                  trnf              23 . 8 . 2012
                                                                                                                                                                        5300
                                                                                                                                                                                          30 . 8 . 2012 +^-
                                                                                                                                                                                              5300
&efukef? Mo*kwf 30
                                                                                                                                    2/    pm;tkef;qD                    1740                  1730       -
          oDOwkqdk;0g;rIaMumifh w&dyf&dyfjrifhwufaeaom qefaps;EIef;wnfNidrf&ef&nf&G,fcsufjzifh t&efqefwef
                                                                                                                                    3/    tmvl;                      380 - 480             380 - 500     +
          ig;axmifudk 0g;wef;qdyfurf; qefpyg;ukefpnf'dkifwGif pufwifbmv 1 &ufaeYrSpNyD; aeYpOfa&mif;csay;
                                                                                                                                    4/    &Srf;MuufoGefjzL          850 - 1000            600 - 1000
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHqefpyg;vkyfief;toif; owif;ESifhjyefMum;a&;wm0efcH a'gufwmpdk;xGef;u Mo*kwfv
                                                                                                                                    5/    MuLukwfMuufoGefjzL            1500                  1400       -
30 &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                    6/    MuufoGefeD                 575 - 785             575 - 785
        ,ckESpf&moDOwkazmufjyefrI                       d ©
                                                 pm;eyf&umvHNk cHKa&;tajctae 32ç000 usyf&aMumif; bk&ifaemify½Hk
                                                                                                  dS            h         GJ
                      f             k
aMumifh qefaps;uGu\ a&mif;vdtm; t& t&efqefyrmPudk xkwfazmf ydawmufvrf;&Sd qefvufum;ukeonf                             f             7/    0g;c,fri½kwf&Snf              2000                  2000
ESifh 0,fvdktm;tcsKd;rnDojzifh qef ajymqdkr&aomfvnf; weoFm&Dwdkif; BuD; wpfOD;uajymMum;onf/                                         8/    oMum;                         1030                  1030
         f h
aps;EIe;jrifwufvmaMumif;? qefpyg; a'oBuD; 0efBuD;csKyf\ arwåm&yfcH                             kf           D
                                                                                         &efueqefvufvaps;uGuwif         f G         9/    anmifOD;aq;xef;                740                   820
toif;taejzifh aps;uGufobm0ESifh csuft& qefwefcsdef 2000 (tdwf qefwpfjynf usyfwpf&mcefYwufNyD;                                       10/   refusnf; (tom;)                850                   950       +
tnD qefaps;EIef;udk uefYowfjcif; wpfodef;) udk jrefrmEdkifiH qefpyg; wpftwqvQif 2000 cefYwufaMumif;?
                                                                                        d f kd
                                                                                                                                    11/   *ZD,mqef                     14000                 14500       +
                   f       f
rjyKbJ qefaps;EIe;wnfNidra&;twGuf vkyief;toif;rS a&mif;csay;oGm;rnf vufvDaps;uGufonf vufum;aps;
                                               f
qefvufum;aps;uGufjzpfonfh qdyf [k toif;wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajym uGufuJhodkY csufcsif;vdkufygjrifhwuf                                  12/   *awmifysHqef                 26500                 26000       -
urf;NrdKUe,f 0g;wef;ukefpnf'dkifwGif qdonf/ t&efqefvufuseueom; ír&aMumif;? vufvorm;tcsKUd vuf
                                           k                              f k f G                       D                           13/   *ay:qef;qef                  28000                 28000
aeYpOf t&efqefudka&mif;csay;&ef NyD[k owif;rsm;xGuay:aeNyD; &efuef xJwif qefvufuse&aeao;aMumif;?
                                                               f                    k G                f dS                         14/   *a&Tbkday:qef;               37000                 37000
vkyfaqmifjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qefvufum;aps;uGuwif qefMurf; vufvDonf wpfjynfudk usyf 50?
                                                                  f G
qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/                       aEG&S,fwpftdwfvQif 10 &ufcefY 100 wjznf;jznf;csif;om wufEdkif                              wpfydóm^wpftdwf* tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/
        jrefrmEdkifiHqefpyg;vkyfief; twGif; usyf 1500? 2000 txd jrifh aMumif;? aps;ckewufvQif qdiajymif;
                                                                                                     f            k f
toif;wGif t&efqeftvHktavmuf wufvmum qefacsmay:qef;rSm 0,faMumif; '*HkNrdKUopf (awmifydkif;)
&SdNyD; MAPCO trsm;ydkifukrÜPDwGif wpftwvQif usyf 3000? 3500 cefY pnfyifvrf;rS qefvufva&mif;csol
                                                 d f                                                          D
vnf; 0,f,lxm;aomqefrsm;&Sd jrifwufvmaMumif;? Mo*kwf 30 &uf wpfOD;uajymMum;onf/
                                             h
aMumif;? ,if;tjyif qefpyg;txl;jyK aeYwGif qefMurf;aEG&S,f 108 aygif                      rEÅav;&Sd qefa&mif;0,fa&;                                         jrefrmha&Taps;                    urÇmYa&Taps;
ukrÜPDrsm;taejzifhvnf; jynfyodkY wpftdwf 16ç500? 17ç000 usycefY vkyfief;&Sifrsm;uvnf; ¤if;wkdYa'o
                                                                                f                                                                             (usyf)                          (a':vm)
                                                                                                                                       &ufpGJ
qefwifydkYa&mif;csjcif;udk qdkif;iHhxm; jzpfNyD; a&Tbay:qef;tedrfhpwpftdwf wGif qefwpftdwfvQif usyf 2000
                                                     kd                                                                                               zGihfaps;       ydwfaps;         zGihfaps;      ydwfaps;
rnfjzpfaMumif; 0g;c,frqefpyg; 36ç000 usy?f tjrifpwpftwf 38ç000 cefYjrifhwufaeojzifh t&efqefudk
                                                            h         d
txl;jyK ukrÜPDOuú|vnf;jzpfol usyf? ajrmif;jray:qef; tedrfhpwpf ¤if;wkYd xwivnf; a&mif;csay;apvdk
                                                                                           H G f                                    26.8.2012        756ç500         757ç700           1670            1670
a'gufwmpdk;xGef;u ajymqdkonf/                                           h         d
                                        tdwf 29ç000 usy?f tjrifpwpftwf aMumif; ajymqkdonf/                                          27.8.2012        758ç800         758ç700           1674            1670
                                                                                                                                    28.8.2012        757ç000         756ç700           1660            1661
,ckvtwGif; a&Taps;w&dyf&dyfwufNyD; 0,ftm;xkd;us                                                                                     29.8.2012
                                                                                                                                    30.8.2012
                                                                                                                                                     757ç600
                                                                                                                                                     756ç000
                                                                                                                                                                     758ç000
                                                                                                                                                                     756ç500
                                                                                                                                                                                       1666
                                                                                                                                                                                       1657
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1662
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1657
&efukef? Mo*kwf 29
                                                                                  ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/                                 Source   / / &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;
                                                                                         ykHrSeftm;jzihf rkd;&moDa&muf&Sd
                                                                                  ygu a&Taps;uGuftwGif; ta&mif;
                                                                                  t0,fyg;aMumif;? ,ckEpwif rk;rsm;S f G d
                                                                                  a&BuD;onfh &moDOwkazmufjyefrrsm;           I
                                                                                                                                   (30-8-2012) ac:aps;
                                                                                  aMumifh &efukefaps;uGufokdY a&Tt0if
                                                                                  enf;ouJoYdk a&Tvufvta&mif;qkif
                                                                                              h                 D              d                                                        aps;EIef;
                                                                                  rsm;wGifvnf; ta&mif;t0,ftvGef                                 ,mOftrsKd;tpm;               armf',f      tu©&m
                                                                                                                                                                                       (usyfodef;)
                                                                                  yg;aMumif; a&TbkHomvrf; (atmuf                    HONDA INSIGHT (Hybrid)      2009 6C? 7C 180-200
                                                                                  vrf;)&Sd a&TvufvDa&mif;csolwpfOD;                                             2000           6C        160
                                                                                                                                    SUZUKI Swift
                                                                                  u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                         Mo*kwfv urÇmha&Taps;onf                    PAJERO (zm;jyKwf)           2000           7C        250
        urÇmha&Taps;wufvmrIaMumifh        vmí jrihfwufvm&jcif;jzpfaMumif;? ,cifvESi,Oygu wpfatmifpvQif
                                                                                                  fh S f                            PRADO TZ                    2000           6C        450
jrefrmha&Taps;vnf; wufvm&m &efuef k       Oa&myaiGaMu; tusyftwnf;ukd tar&duefa':vm 35 a':vmcefY                                     LANDCRUISER                 2000           6C        650
                   f      fdf
tacgufa&Taps;EIe;onf w&dy&ywuf                       f           d
                                          umuG,&ef Oa&myA[kbPfu a&Tudk jrihwufom;aMumif; &efuewi;a'o
                                                                                       f        G                   k f dk f        HILUX SURF                  1999           6C        400
vmcJhaomfvnf; jynfwGif;a&T0,fvkd          wkd;jr§ihf0,f,laejcif;aMumifh urÇmh BuD; a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;xHrS
tm;rSm usqif;vsuf&SdaMumif; a&TbkH        a&Taps;jrihfwufvm&jcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                                TOYOTA BELTA                2007           6C        160
om atmufvrf;tajcpkduf a&Tukef                                                                                                       PROBOX                      2007           6C        135
                                                                 jrefrmha&Taps; (usyf)          urÇmYa&Taps; (a':vm)
onfwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                          &ufpJG               tzGihfaps;                                                    HONDA FIT (Hybrid)          2009 6C? 7C              160
                                                                                                         tzGihfaps;
        Mo*kwfv\ jrefrmha&Taps;rSm                                                                                                  MARK II (a&Tig;)            2000           7C        230
            fh S f    fSf
,cifvESi,OvQif usyEpaomif;cefY                30.6.2012               730ç500                             1597
                                              31.7.2012               737ç600                             1622                      NISSAN AD (Van)             2007           7C        135
jrihfwufoGm;aMumif;? ,ckuJhokdY jrihf
wufoGm;&jcif;rSm urÇmha&Taps;wuf              30.8.2012               756ç000                             1657                     ,mOf\tajctaetay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/


              tar&duefa':vm? ,l½kdESifU pifumyla':vm aehpOfaygufaps;
                                                                                                                                   a&eHpdrf;          -   1 bbl              tar&duefa':vm                  112.96
         &ufpJG           tar&duefa':vm                              ,l½kd                          pifumyla':vm
                                                                                                                                   "mwfaiGU           -   1 MMBtu            tar&duefa':vm                   2.664
                              (usyf)                                (usyf)                              (usyf)                     "mwfaiGU&nf        -   1 MT               tar&duefa':vm                  984.25
    27.8.2012                     866                               1083                                  691                      oMum;              -   1 lb                    qifh                       19.73
                                                                                                                                   yJykyf             -   1 Ton              tar&duefa':vm                   528.8
    28.8.2012                     866                               1079                                  689                      ajymif;            -   1 bu                    qifh                       821.5
    29.8.2012                     866                               1087                                  691                      *sKH (CBT)         -   1 bu                    qifh                      902.75
    30.8.2012                     865                               1085                                  689                      *sKH(KCB)          -   1 bu                    qifh                      917.25
                                                                                                                                   aMu;eD             -   1 lb                    qifh                      347.15
tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/ tar&duefa':vmESifh           FEC    aps;uGmjcm;csufr&Sdyg/
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                 EDUCATION                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                      The
                                                                                                                                                                                                             13



yHkrSefac:,lavU&Sdaom ynmoifqktcsKdY
          yEdkifiHrsm;uae EdkifiHtrsm;tjym;udk taMumif;t&mtrsKd;rsKd;? enf;vrf;trsKd;rsKd;eJY bmom&yftrsKd;rsKd;twGuf ynmoifqkay;tyfMu&mrSm jrefrmEdkifiH[mvnf; owfrSwfcsuf
              Hr              i
 jynf yEdkif;irsKdsm;uae EdkifxHtrsm;tjym;udHpk taMumifS;mt&mtrsKdnfrsKd;r[kwf;wpf;etrsKdygaeavh&Sdygw,ftrsKdHUNzdrsKdK;qJ odu[kwf zGHUNzdKqkaey;tyfMu&mrSfimHrjrefrmEdkifif?H[mvnf; zowf'oEdfckisufH
      trsKd ;eJY avQmuf m;Edkifol Edkifi m&if;xJr yg wpfe
                                                                  ; ;? enf vrf
                                                                                    nf;
                                                                                         ;rsKd;eJY bmom&yf ; ;twG f ynmoif
                                                                                                          / zG               kYr           ;rI nf;aom Edki sm;twGu tm&S ypd dwfa
                                                                                                                                                                                         rSw
                                                                                                                                                                                                  fi
rsm;twGuf? rJacgifa'oEdkifiHrsm;twGuf ponfjzifh ac:,lavh&Sdwmyg/ ynmoifqkawGrSm ausmif;awGuay;wm? tzGJUtpnf;uay;wm? tpdk;&awGu ay;wm pojzifh&SdwJhtxJrSm
wcsKdUynmoifqkawGu udk,favQmufvdkY&w,fqdkwmudk rsufpdzGifhem;pGifh&Sdae&if? avhvm&SmazGae&if odEdkifNyD; wcsKdUynmoifqkawGuawmh yHkrSefac:,lavh&SdNyD; ynmoifqk pdwf0ifpm;
olawGMum; odomxif&Sm;ygw,f/ tJ'DxJu yHkrSefac:,lwwfavh&SdwJh ynmoifqkwcsKdUtaMumif;udk azmfjyay;vdkufygw,f/ jrefrmEdkifiHeJY &if;ESD;wJh emrnfwcsKdUudk azmfjyvdkuf&jcif;
jzpfygw,f/
APSC                                                                                                                               bmom&yfawGyg0ifNyD; EdkifiHaygif;               - Public Health Policy and
       tawmfrsm;rsm;odaeNyDjzpfwJh                                                                                                 110 udkac:,lygw,f/ ESpfv,fydkif;          Management
emrnfyg/ APSC (Asia Pacific Schol-                                                                                                                      k f H kd f d
                                                                                                                                   rSmac:,lNyD; jrefrmEdiiqi&m NAdwoQ              - Public Policy Analysis and
arship Consortium) udk 2007 ckESpf                                                                                                 oH½Hk;uae owif;xkwfjyefwwfyg              Public Administration
rS m wnf a xmif y gw,f / xd k i f ; ?                                                                                              w,f/ www.fco.gov.uk rSm MunhfvkdY               - Teaching of English as a For-
a[mifaumif? rav;&Sm;eJY zdvpfydkif                                                                                                 &ygw,f/                                   eign Language
  kfH
EdiiawGu wuúovawGeYJ cswquf
                    kd f      d f                                                                                                  Fulbright Foreign                               - Technology Policy and
xm;NyD; avQmufxm;EdkifwJh EdkifiHawG                                                                                               Student Scholarship                       Management
u jrefrmNy;D &if uarÇm'D;,m;? xdkif;eJY                                                                                                     tar&d u ef t pd k ; &uay;wJ h          - Trafficking in Persons Policy
vmtdkEdkifiHawGyJ&Sdygw,f/ bGJUvGef                                                                                                ynmoifqjkzpfNy;D olwYEiiuwuúovf
                                                                                                                                                          kd kd f H     kd   and Prevention
'D*&DtwGuf 'Dynm&yfe,fy,fawG                                                                                                       awGrm bGUJ vGetqifwufa&mufEizYkd
                                                                                                                                          S        f    h            kd f          - Urban and Regional Planning
xJu bmom&yfawGudk avQmufxm;                                                                                                        jzpfygw,f/ Fulbright Program udk                www.humphreyfellowship.org
Edkifygw,f/ ESpfukefydkif; ra&mufcif                                                                                               1956 ckESpfrSm pwifwnfaxmifNyD;           rSm avhvmEkdifygw,f/
ac:,lavh&Sdygw,f/                                                                                                                  EdkifiHaygif; 150 ausmf udkay;vsuf&Sd             Fulbright eJY Humphrey ESpfck
      Community Health, Develop-                                                                                                   ygw,f/ ESpfv,fydkif;rSm ac:,lavh&dS       pvHk;udk ESpfv,fydkif;rSm ac:,lavh&Sd
ment, Education, Environment, Hu-                     kd f
                                          wuúovawGrm bGUJ vGewufa&muf
                                                            S        f            tional Development Studies                       ygw,f/ www. fulbright. state.gov                       k f H kd f
                                                                                                                                                                             NyD; jrefrmEdiiqi&m tar&duefo½;   H kH
manities & Social Sciences, Media,        EdkifzdkY jrefrmausmif;om;awG ac:,l     (MAIDS), Chulalongkorn Univer-                   The Hubert H.Humphrey                     uae owif;xkwfjyefay;avh&Sdyg
Policy, Law & Administration, So-         avh&Sdygw,f/ atmufygwuúodkvf            sity in Bangkok, Faculty of Politi-              Fellowship Program
                                                                                                                                                                             w,f/ http://burma.usembassy.gov/
cial Work. wkdYyg/                        oHk;ckeJY bmom&yfawGudkMunfhyg/         cal Science (1 Academic Year).                                                             scholarships.html wdkYrSm 0ifa&muf
                                                                                                                                   (HHH)
      www.apscconsortium.org eJY          NyD;cJhwJhESpfuawmh Edk0ifbmrSm ac:yg          - Master of Arts in Sustain-                                                        Munfh½IEkdifrSmyg/
                                                                                                                                        'guvnf; tar&dueftpdk;&
www.myanmarstudyabroad.org                w,f/                                    able Development, Chiang Mai Uni-
                                                                                                                                   u ay;wmyg/ 'D*&Dy½dk*&rfr[kwfyg           ADS, ALAS
wdkYrSm 0ifa&mufMunfh½IEkdifygw,f/              - Master of Arts in Econom-       versity, at the Regional Center for
                                                                                                                                   bl;/ 'DtpDtpOfudk 1978 ckESpfrSm               MopaMw;vstpdk;&u bGJUvGef
Heinrich Boll                             ics (International Program),            Social Science and Sustainable De-
                                                                                                                                   pwifwmjzpfNyD; 'Dbmom&yfawG               ynmoifrsm;twGufay;aom ynm
      Heinrich Boll Stiftung (HBS)        Thammasat University in Bangkok,        velopment (RCSD), Faculty of So-
                                                                                                                                   avhvmEdkifygw,f/ 'DtpDtpOfu               oifqkrsm;yg/ Australian Develop-
[mvnf; &if;ESD;NyD;om;emrnfyg/            Faculty of Economics (2 academic        cial Sciences (2 Academic Years).                                                          ment Scholarship (ADS) eJY Austra-
                                                                                                                                   vnf; EdkifiHaygif; 150 ausmfudk
xdkif;rSm tajcpdkufwJh ta&SUawmif         Years)                                         www.boell-southeastasia.org
                                                                                                                                   ac:,lygw,f/                               lian Leadership Awards Scholarships
tm&Sa'o½Hk;uae xdkif;EdkifiHxJu                 - Master of Arts in Interna-      eJY www.myanmarstudyaborad.org                         - Agricultural and Rural De-        (ALAS) wdkYrSm ADS rSm Health (Es-
                                                                                  wkdYrSm0ifMunfhEkdifygw,f/                       velopment                                 pecially for Mothers and Children),
                                                                                                                                                                             Basic Education, Food Security and
                 News in Brief                                                    Chevening Scholarship
                                                                                              'gu NAdwdeftpdk;&uay;wJh
                                                                                                                                         - Communications/Journalism
                                                                                                                                         - Substance Abuse Education,        Livelihoods (Agriculture) wd k Y u d k
                                                                                                                                                                                              f S
                                                                                                                                                                             OD;pm;ay;a&G;cs,rmjzpfNyD; Law, Pub-
                                                                                  ynmoif q k y g/ jref r mtygt0if                  Prevention, and Treatment
tif*sifeD,mqdkif&m 'Dyvkdrmoifwef;rsm;zGifUvSpfrnf                                EdkifiHtawmfrsm;rsm;udkay;wmjzpfNyD;
                                                                                  ¤if;wdYk &UJ oufqi&mEdiio½;awGu
                                                                                                       kd f k f H H kH
                                                                                                                                         - Economic Development/Fi-
                                                                                                                                   nance and Banking
                                                                                                                                                                             lic Policy, Economics, Development
                                                                                                                                                                             Studies and International Relations
&efukef? Mo*kwf 23                                                                ae ac:,lavh&wmyg/ 1983 ckEprm
                                                                                                    dS                  S f S            - Educational Administration,       bmom&yfawGudkvnf; pOf;pm;ay;
       wuúodkvf0ifwef;atmifjrifNyD;xm;aom ausmif;om;ausmif;olrsm;                 wnfaxmifygw,f/ NAdwdefEdkifiHu                   Planning and Policy                       r,fvdkY qdkygw,f/ ALAS uvnf;
twGuf oufarG;ynmtif*sifeD,m Diploma oifwef;rsm;udk pufwifbmv                      wuúodkvfawGrSmwufzdkY bGJUvGef                         - Higher Education Adminis-         ADS eJY pOf;pm;a&G;cs,fyHk wlw,fvdkY
25 &ufaeYwGif pwifzGifhvSpfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; Techno Point Engineering            tqifhtwGuf ac:,lygw,f/ udk,fh                    tration                                                                   kd f
                                                                                                                                                                             qkNd yD; oluawmh ydNk yD;NydKifqirI rsm;yg
Training Centre wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                               w,f/ 'DESpfckuvnf; ESpfv,fydkif;
                                                                                  Ed k i f i H u e,f y ,f w pf c k c k x J r S m         - HIV/AIDS Policy and Pre-
       tqdkyg Centre wGif NAdwdefEdkifiHtodtrSwfjyK Diploma vufrSwfrsm;           acgif;aqmifEdkifoljzpfvmzdkY &nf&G,f             vention                                   rSmac:,l avh&Sdwmyg/
                                     l kd f
ay;tyfrnfjzpfNyD; wufa&mufoif,Eiaom bmom&yfrsm;rSm Electrical and                 NyD; Mid-Career tqifh vli,fawGudk                      - Human Resource Management                www.australiaawards. gov.
Electronic/Mechatronic/ Mechanical and Electrical wkdYjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;                                                                                                   au, www.ausai.gov.au/scholar.
                                                                                  ac:,lygw,f/ Fellowship Program                         - Law and Human Rights
umv ajcmufvrS wpfESpfMumjrifhrnfjzpfNyD; oifwef;om;OD;a& uefYowf                  wpfckyg/ Politics, Business, The                       - Natural Resources & Envi-         eligiblecountries.cfm.
xm;aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                           Media, Civil Society, Religion                   ronmental Policy/Climate Change
       oifwef;ESifhywfoufí od&Sdvdkygu Techno Point Engineering Train-
ing Centre zkef;-09-73091341 ESifh 09-421011236 odkY qufoG,far;jref;
Edkifrnfjzpfonf/
ausmufpdrf;tacsmxnfoifwef;zGifUrnf                                                     &efukefwGif yk*¾vduudk,fydkifausmif; 20 ausmf
&efukef? Mo*kwf 17
      jrefrmhausmufpdrf;tacsmxnfvkyfief;zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufap&ef ausmufpdrf;
tacsmxnfvkyfief;udk vkyfudkifvkdolrsm;ESifh blrdaA'ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol
                                                                                       w&m;0ifzGifUvSpfcGifU&
rsm;twGufvufawGU?pmawGU ausmufpdrf;ynmudk od&SdvkyfudkifEkdif&ef &nf&G,f               &efukef? Mo*kwf 28
í Myanmar Gemological Institute (MGI) u ]Certificate in Applied                                 &efukefNrdKUawmf trSwf 3 tajccHynmOD;pD;Xme(atmufjrefrmjynf)u Mo*kwfv 23 &ufaeYwGif yk*vdu ¾
Gemology (Sepcialized in Jade)} ]ausmufpdrf;tacsmxnfynm vkyfief;cGif                     d f kd f                                            S f        G hf S f G hf h
                                                                                      uk,yipmoifausmif; 20 ausmfukd ,ckynmoifEpü w&m;0ifzivpciay;cJaMumif; tqkygyk*vuynma&; d    ¾ d
                  hf S f
oifwef;} udk zGivprnfjzpfaMumif; MGI wm0ef&owpfO;uajymMum;onf/
                                                     dS l D                           todkif;t0dkif;u The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
                      f      d f        d f
      oifwef;wGiausmufpr;ta&mif;qkitwGuf ae&maumif;a&G;cs,enf;?      f                          ZGevqef;ydi;u avQmufvmpwifac:,lc&mwGif ud,yiausmif; 67 ausmif;cefYvma&mufavQmufxm;
                                                                                                    f        k f          T               hJ     k f kd f
            f              kd D
ausmufrsu&wemjyyGJ (tify&,rf) wGif 0,f^a&mif;enf;? vTmcsy?f vufaumuf                  cJhonfhteuf ausmif; 20 udk w&m;0ifcGifhjyKcJhNyD; ajcmufausmif;udkrl oufqdkif&mtajccHynmausmif;rsm;ESifh
       l                           fh f       D G hf               l
0,f,a&mif;csenf;? yef;yk? tyGi(pdr;) ? abmf'yirsm; a&G;cs,f0,f,a&mif;cs               wGJzufzGifhvSpfcGifhjyKcJhaMumif; trSwf 3 tajccHynmOD;pD; 'kwd,nTefMum;a&;rSL;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
enf;? abmf'Dtom;qef;rsm;0,fa&mif;enf;? zm;uefY? rEÅav;? a&TvD                                   ]]txufygXmeu cGifhjyKNyD;ausmif;rsm;ukd tpp t&m&m jr§ifhwifvkyfaqmif&ef wkdufwGef; cJhaMumif;
ausmuf0kdif;wkdYwGif 0,f,la&mif;csenf;ESifh ausmufpdrf;twktppf cGJjcm;enf;                              d hJ h                                                k f kd f             dS
                                                                                      cGijhf yKcsuf&&Sconfausmif;rsm;wGif yg0ifonfh ]aumif;xufausmf} ud,yipmoifausmif; wm0ef&ol wpfO;u       D
ponfh bmom&yfrsm;udk ausmufrsufynm&Sifrsm;ESifh vkyfief;&Sifrsm;u                     jyefvnfajymqkdonf/
                G
vufawGUydYkcsom;rnfjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;umvrSm pufwifbmv 3 &ufaeYrS                              avQmufvTmydwf&ufjzpfonfh ZGefv 12 &ufaeYaemufydkif;wGif trSwf 3 tajccHynmOD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&Sd
9 &ufaeYtxd jzpfNyD; oifwef;csdefrSm nae 4 em&DrS 7 em&DtxdjzpfaMumif;                olrsm;vkdufvHppfaq;cJhMuNyD; udk,fydkifausmif;avQmufxm;onfh ausmif; 16 ausmif;udk ac:,lawGUqHkcJhaMumif;
¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                          aumif;pHkudk,fydkiftxufwef;ausmif;ESifh abmf'gxHrSod&onf/
      tao;pdwfod&Sdvdkolrsm;ESifh wufa&mufvdkolrsm;onf Myanmar                                     k f kd f        f kH                 S                            G                S
                                                                                                ud,yiausmif;rSwywifOya'udk 2011 ckEpf 'DZifbmv 2 &ufaeYwif twnfjyKcNhJ yD; 2012 ckEpf {NyDvwGif
                                 f
Gemological Institute (MGI) zke;-09-73050370? rEÅav; 09-91001818                      udk,fydkifausmif;rSwfyHkwifenf;Oya'udk xkwfjyefcJhonf/
odkY qufoG,fpHkprf;ar;jref;Ekdifrnfjzpfonf/
    14
    VOICE
  The

                        EMPLOYMENT                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




tvkyform;rsm; yxrqHk;tBudrf pka0;pDwef;vSnfUvnfrnf
&efukef? Mo*kwf 22

           vkyform;tcGifhta&;rsm; qHk;½HI;rIaMumifh puf½Hk 90 ausmfü
  t        qE´jy awmif;qdkrIjzpfyGm;cJhaom &efukefNrdKUawmfwGif vdIifom,m
NrdKU e,f pufrIZkefrsm;&Sd tvkyform; 200 ausmf tvkyform;tcGifhta&;
tjynfht0&&Sda&;twGuf pufwifbmv 2 &ufaeYwGif yxrqHk;tBudrf
Nidrf;csrf;pGm pka0;pDwef;vSnfhvnfrnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkygtvkyform;rsm;
ES i f h tvk y f o rm;ta&; aqmif & G u f a y;aeaom a&S U aeOD ; aX;wd k Y u
ajymMum;onf/
         tqdkygtvkyform;rsm;onf                      d               f
                                                   &SaMumif; tvkyorm;rsm;u qdonf/  k
vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f bDtdkpDrSwfwdkif                          ]]tvkyform;awG tcGifhta&;
wGif pwifpka0;í &efukef- ykodrf                    qHk;½HI;aewmudk EdkifiHawmftBuD;tuJ
vrf;wpfavQmuf pDwef;vSnfhvnf                       awG? vTwfawmftrwfawG? jynfol
rnf j zpf N yD ; bk & m;vrf ; rS w f w d k i f ?          k        G
                                                   vlxawG odom;apcsifvYkd vkyrmyg}}  f S
bk&m;vrf;rSwfwdkifrSwpfqifh ½Hk;a&SU               [k OD;aX;u &Sif;jyonf/                     "mwfykH- rdk;ausmfvGif
rSwfwdkif? ,if;rSwpfqifh atmifajr                           tvkyform; vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;wGif
                                                                                            vkyfief;cGiftwGif; ¤if;wdkYBuHKawGUae                rsm;ud k jynf w G i f ; rD ' D , mrsm;ud k                        aeYu awGUqHk&Sif;vif;&mü Nidrf;csrf;
om,mbk&m;teD; NrdKUe,ftm;upm;                      yg0ifolrsm; tvkyfxkwfcH&rI&Sdvm
                                                                                            &onfh tcuftcJrsm;ESifh tvkyf                         zdwfMum;um vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f                                      pGm qE´azmfxkwf&ef tvkyform;
       f              hf
uGi;txd vSnvnfrnfjzpfaMumif;?                      ojzifh tcsKdUtvkyform;rsm;onf
                                                                                            orm;tcGifhta&; csKd;azmufcHae&rI                     e0a';tdrf&mwGif Mo*kwfv 19 &uf                                    trsm;pkoabmwlcMhJ ujcif;jzpfonf/
eH e uf 9 em&D r S 11 em&D t xd                    ,if;uJhodkY Nidrf;csrf;pGm pka0;pDwef;
MumjrifhrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;wdkYxHrS                vSnfhvnfrIwGif yg0if&ef aMumuf&GHU
pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
             f
         vkycvpmenf;yg;jcif;? vkyief;    f
                                                   rIrsm; &SdaeMuaMumif; vIdifom,m
                                                   NrdKUe,f zdeyfpuf½Hkwpf½HkrS tvkyf          owfrSwfcsufxuf tcsdefydktvkyfcdkif;aprIaMumifU
cG i f q uf q H a &; tqif r ajyjcif ; ?                                       D
                                                   orm; acgif;aqmifwpfO;u ajymMum;
tvk y f o rm;rsm;\ oabmqE´
                 f kd
rygbJ tcsdeytvkyvyuiapjcif;?  f k f kd f
                                                   onf/
                                                            rlvu Mo*kwfv 26 &ufaeY             puf½Hk 100 eD;yg; owday;cH&
trsm;jynfol½Hk;ydwf&uf? tvkyfydwf                  wGif Nidrf;csrf;pGm pka0;pDwef;vSnfh     &efukef? Mo*kwf 28
&ufrsm;wGif tvkyfcdkif;apjcif;rsm;                 vnf&ef Mo*kwfv 21 &ufaeYü                             k
                                                                                                    nvH;ayguf tvkyci;aprIrsm;   f kd f                    puf½tvky½rsm;wGif tvky½Hk
                                                                                                                                                                      Hk            f Hk                    f                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   &ygu ukeusp&dwf tqrwef jrifrm;                     h
tygt0if tvkyform;tcGifhta&;                        vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f &JwyfzGJUpcef;rSL;     &S d a om &ef u k e f N rd K Uawmf & S d puf ½ k H   rsm;Oya'ukd rvkdufemygu wnfqJ                                     aMumif; ¤if;wkdYxHrS od&Sd&onf/
csKd;azmufcH&jcif;rsm;aMumifh tvkyf                xH avQmuf x m;cJ h a omf v nf ;                  f Hk
                                                                                            tvky½tcsKdUonf tvky½rsm;Oya'          f kH           Oya't& ta&;,lrnfjzpfaMumif;                                                    ]]tvkyf&Sifuvnf; tcsdefydk
orm;rsm; Nidrf;csrf;pGm pka0;pDwef;                av;&ufom BudKwifavQmufxm;                t& cGifhjyKonfhtcsdefydktvkyfckdif;ap                aMunmcsuxu&onfh Mo*kwv 3f G f dS                     f            ac:csifw,f/ tvkyform;uvnf;
vSnfhvnf&ef vkyfaqmifjcif;jzpf                                k kd         hJ
                                                   onf[qum y,fcscojzifh pufwif              cGifhem&Dxuf ydrtvkyci;aprIaMumifh
                                                                                                           k kd            f dk f                &ufaeYaemufykdif;wGif ,if;owday;                                  vkyfcsifw,f/ tJvdkESpfOD;ESpfzuf
aMumif; tvkyform;rsm;xHrS od&Sd&                   bmv 2 &ufaeYodkY ajymif;vJJoGm;          puf½kH? tvkyf½kHaygif; 100 eD;yg;udk                 rIrsm; pwifcJhjcif;jzpfNyD; owday;cH&                             oabmwlwmawmif Oya't& cdkif;
onf/                                               jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u ajymMum;          owday;xm;aMumif; tvkyf½HkESifh                                         Hk
                                                                                                                                                 onfh puf½rsm;wGif &efuewpfNrKdUvk;        k f                H    apcGifhr&Sdbl;/ tJ'gaMumifh tvkyf&Sif
         tcsKd U puf ½ H k r sm;wG i f tvk y f     onf/                                     tvk y f o rm;ppf a q;a&;OD ; pD ; Xme                &Sd pufrIZkefrsm;rS trsKd;tpm;pkHpuf½kH                           a&m tvkyform;yg epfemw,f}}[k
orm;rsm; oabmqE´rygbJ wpfn                                     I f            Ik f
                                                            vdiom,mpufrZetoD;oD;&Sd         nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;0if;&Sdefu                   tvk y f ½ k H r sm;yg0if a Mumif ; puf ½ k H                      vuf 0 g;txnf c sKyf p uf ½ H k y d k i f & S i f
vHk; (All Night) tvkyfcdkif;aprIrsm;               puf½Hk 15 ½Hku tvkyform;rsm;onf          ajymMum;onf/                                         tvkyf½kHrsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/                                OD;cifarmifat;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                          f kH
                                                                                                                                                          tvky½rsm;Oya'ESihf tusK;0if                   H                       ,cifvrsm;uxuf tcsdefydk
                                                                                                                                                 aompuf½Hk? tvkyf½Hkrsm;wGif &uf                                   tvkyfvkyfcGifhr&ojzifh tvkyform;

        rav;&Sm;okdh trsKd;orD;vkyfom;apvTwfrI                                                                                                   owåwpfywfvQif trsm;qHk;cGifhjyK
                                                                                                                                                 aomtcsdefydkrSm tqufrjywfrvkyf&
                                                                                                                                                 aomvkyfief;wGif 16 em&D? tquf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rsm;\ ,ckv vpmavsmhenf;rnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                f SfS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   jzpfaMumif;? tvky&iEihf tvkyorm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rsm;xdcdkufepfemrIr&Sdapa&;twGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f

        uefhowfxm;jcif;r&Sd[kqdk                                                                                                                                kf
                                                                                                                                                 rjywfvy&aomvkyief;wGif 12 em&D
                                                                                                                                                 jzpf N yD ; we*F a EG a eYES i f h trsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                         f                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tvkyorm;oabmqE´ygvQif tcsef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ydktvkyfckdif;apcGifhjyKoifhaMumif; ¤if;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        d

        &efukef? Mo*kwf 25                                                                                                                       jynfoltvkyfydwf&ufrsm;wGif nTef                                   uxyfrHajymMum;onf/
                  rav;&Sm;EdkifiHodkY trsKd;orD;vkyfom;rsm; apvTwf&mwGif at*sifpDrsm;bufu wifjyonfh taxmuf                                       Mum;csufESifhrnDbJ tvkyfcdkif;apyg                                             jrefrmEkdifiHwGif tvkyform;
        txm;? tcsuftvufrsm; rSefuefygu uefYowfxm;jcif;r&SdbJ cGifhjyKay;vsuf&SdaMumif; aejynfawmf tvkyf                                          u yxrtBudrowday;jcif;? 'kw,   f                          d        trsm;pkonf wpf&ufvQif tenf;
        orm;0efBuD;XmerS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                     tBudrf jyif;xefpGmowday;jcif;?                                         k          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   qH; tcsdeykd av;em&DcefYvyuiae&           k f kd f
                  ]]uefYowfxm;wmr&Sdygbl;/ at*sifpDawGbufuom rSefuefygap cGifhjyKay;xm;ygw,f/ trSm;                                              wwd,tBudrfwGif tvkyf&Sif ES i f h                                 NyD; tcsKdUpuf½Hkrsm;wGif nvHk;ayguf
                  f d S k
        t,Gi;&Srmpd;vdYk trsK;orD;tvkyorm;awGukd rvTwcif aocsmatmif pdppfcijhf yKae&wmyg}} [k ¤if;uqdonf/
                                     d         f              f                        G                        k                                ref a e*smud k wnf q J O ya't&                                    (All night) ckdif;aprIudk rvkyfrae&
                  trsKd;orD;vkyfom;ydkYaqmif&mwGif tvkyf? ae&mrSefNyD; tEÅ&m,fuif;onfh ae&mrsm;wGif vkyfudkifEdkif                               ta&;,lrnfjzpfaMumif; Mo*kwfv 3                                    pepfjzifh tvkyform;rsm;\oabm
        ap&eftwGuf Demand Letter rsm;udk tukefcGifhjyKjcif;r&SdbJ pdppfNyD;rSomvQif cGifhjyK&jcif;jzpfaMumif;? ,cifu                             &uf a eY tvk y f o rm;0ef B uD ; Xme                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   qE´rygbJ vkytm;n§pxwci;apcH         f k f dk f
        puf½Hk? tvkyf½Hkrsm;\"mwfyHkudk wifjycdkif;jcif;r&Sdaomfvnf; ,ckaemufydkif;wGif tvkyform;ac:,lonfh                                               f kH S                  f
                                                                                                                                                 tvky½Eihf tvkyorm;ppfaq;a&;OD;pD;                                 ae&rIrsm;vmaMumif;? odkYaomfvnf;
        ,if;puf½Hk? tvkyf½Hk&Sd? r&Sd aocsmap&ef puf½Hk"mwfyHkygwifjycdkif;&jcif;jzpfaMumif;vnf; ¤if;u &Sif;vif;ajym                             Xmeu w&m;0ifxkwfjyefxm;onf/                                       tvkyform;rsm;rSm xdkufoifhaom
        Mum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                   f kf
                                                                                                                                                          txnfcsKyvyief;rsm;taejzifh                               tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;r&&SdMuaMumif;
                  ]]tqifhqifhpdppfNyD; rSefuefwm aocsmwJh ukrÜPDawGudkyJ cGifhjyKaewmqdkawmh vwfwavmrSm at*sifpD                                 atmf'grsm;rSm,laomtcg oHk;vcefY                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tvkyorm;rsm;ESihf tvkyorm;ta&;          f
                k               G hf                                 D
        ckepfcavmufyJ ydYk ci&ygao;w,f/ tawmfrsm;rsm; at*sifpawGuawmh b,fawmh ydYk ci&rvJ rodao;ygbl;}}
                                                                                                 G hf                                                         S
                                                                                                                                                 BudKwifrm,l&aMumif;? owfrwumv                  S f                aqmif&Gufaeolrsm;uqkdonf/
        [k &efukefNrdKUawmftajcpdkuf ykZGefawmifNrdKUe,f jynfytvkyftudkif &SmazGa&;at*sifpDwpfck\ tkyfcsKyfrI                                             f
                                                                                                                                                 twGi; csKyfxnfrsm;udk oufqdkif&m                                               puf½Hk? tvkyf½Hkrsm;wGif tvkyf
        'g½dkufwmwpfOD;u qdkonf/                                                                                                                 EkdifiHodkYa&mufatmifydkYaqmifay;&NyD;                            ck d i f ; aprI p epf r S m ;,G i f ; aeaMumif ; ?
                  jrefrmEdkifiHwGif jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDwpf&mausmf&SdNyD; trsKd;orD;vkyfom; ydkYaqmifonfh                           owfrSwfumvtwGif; rydkYEkdifygu                                                f                      § hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tvkyorm;rsm;udk wk;d jricefYxm;jcif;
        at*sifpD 35 cefYom&SdaMumif;? trsKd;orD;vkyfom; ykdYaqmifjcif;udk 2012 ckESpf? azazmf 0g&Dv 2 &ufaeYwGif                                 avsmf a Mu;tqrwef a y;aqmif &                                     r&SdbJ puf½kH tvkyf½Hkrsm;&Sd tvkyf
                   f
        tvkyorm;0efBuD;Xmeu w&m;0ifcijhf yKcJaMumif;? 2012 ckEpf ZGev 8 &ufaeYwif (w&m;0ifpmxkwjf yefjcif;
                                                 G    h                S f                   G                                                   aMumif;? txnfrsm;udk&uftuefY                                      orm;rsm;udkom vkyftm;n§pfxkwf
        r&Sdaomfvnf;) 0efBuD;Xmeu cGifhrjyKawmhaMumif;udk jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&; at*sifpDrsm;\                                                towfjzifh csKyfay;&ojzifh ta&;ay:                                 ckdif;apaeMuaMumif;? ,if;odkYcdkif;ap
        wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ukd ac:,lawGUqHkajymcJhaMumif; &efukefNrdKUawmftajcpdkuf at*sifpDtodkif;t0dkif;rsm;xHrS                                        k
                                                                                                                                                 vdtyfaomtajctaewGif tvkyorm;                       f              rIaMumifh umvMumvmonfESifhtrQ
        od&onf/                                                                                                                                  rsm;udk tcsdefydkac:cdkif;ap&ef vkdtyf                            tvkyform;rsm;\ukefxkwfvkyfrI
                  ]]Calling usxm;wmu oHk;vydkif;avmufuwnf;u? ckxdawmh rxGuf&ao;ygbl;/ uRefrvdkrsKd;                                              aMumif;? txnfrsm;udk owfrwumv                 S f                 pGrf;tm;usqif;vmrnfjzpfaMumif;
              h
        apmifae&wJoawG axmifeYJ csD&aeMuygao;w,f}} [k {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD;rS a':jrifjh rifp;u qdonf/
                         h l                dS                            kd f                        h kd k                                     twGi;f rNy;D pD;ygu oabFmESihf ydYkaqmif                          cH k o rm"d a umif p D 0 if w pf O D ; jzpf o l
                                                                                                                                                 &rnfhtpm; av,mOfjzifh ydkYaqmif                                   OD;&JEdkif0if;uoHk;oyfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      15
   Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE


r*¾g0yfESifU vl&Spfaxmifausmfwdkh\tem*wf
owif;aqmif;yg; - rif;xufpH
                 awmfoufwrf; ajcmufESpfausmfvmNyDjzpfaom aejynfawmf\ta&SUbufrdkif 37 rkdifcefY (60 uDvdkrDwm) tuGmwGif ]vQyfppfpGrf;tm;jzifh acwfrDzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufaom EdkifiHawmfopfqDodkY}
                 [laom tjyma&mifpmwrf;BuD;udk xif&Sm;pGmawGUjrif&rnfjzpfonf/ uGefu&pfausmufeH&HBuD;rsm;udkvnf; tcdkiftrmwnfaqmufxm;onf/
               k
          xdae&mrSm &Sr;f jynfe,fawmifyi;f            kd                                                                                 "mwfykH - rif;xufpH            í trsm;jynfoltay: qdk;usKd;ouf twGi; wpfcEifh 2015 ckEpf aemufyi;                            f         kS                S             kd f
                                  f
yifavmif;NrdKUe,ftwGi; aygif;avmif;                                                                                                                                     a&mufrIqkdif&m tuJjzwfcsufrsm; NyD;pD;onfhpDrHudef; oHk;ckwkdY&Sdonf[k
jrpf\ jrpfnmydkif;a'owGif vQyfppf                                                                                                                                       (Public Impact Assessment) udk rnf                                                EkdifiHydkifrD'D,mrsm;wGif azmfjycJhonf/
"mwftm; r*¾g0yf 140 xkwfvkyfEdkif                                                                                                                                       onhftzGJUtpnf;u aqmif&Gufxm;                                                                   a&t&if;tjrpfrsm;udktajccHí
&ef wnfaqmufaeaom txuf                                                                                                                                                  onfukd w&m;0ifxwjf yefjcif;r&Say/ pDrHudef;rsm; taumiftxnfazmfEdkif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k                          d
aygif;avmif;qnfa&tm; vQyfppf                                                                                                                                                      qnfwrHrsm;wnfaqmuf&m onfh ta&twGufrSm 90 ausmf&SdNyD;
"mwftm;ay;puf½Hkjzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                wGif obm0ywf0ef;usiftay:ouf ,if;pDrHudef;rsm;rSm pufwyfqiftm;
                  k
          tqdyg a&tm;vQyfppfprue;               D H d f                                                                                                                 a&mufrI tpD&ifcHpm (EIA) ESifh vlrI r*¾g0yf 46000 ausmfxkwf,l&&SdEdkif
udk 2006 ckESpfwGif pwifwdkif;wm                                                                                                                                        tay:tusK;oufa&mufrI tpD&ifcpm rnfjzpfonf[vnf; azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                              d                                                 H                                     k
wnfaqmufcJhNyD; qGpfZmvefEdkifiH                                                                                                                                        wkYd onf wdusyGivif;rI&&ef vdtyf  hf                 dS           k                                                   dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       odYk aomf vuf&tcsdexd jrefrm  f
tajcpdkuf AF Group ESifh qufET,f                                                                                                                                        aMumif; obm0ywf0ef;usixe;odr; EkdifiHolEdkifiHom;rsm;rSm vQyfppfrD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f df f
aeaom AF-Colenco u aqmufvyf                              k                                                                                                              a&;ynm&SiO;D tke;f u rSwcsuay;onf/ tvHktavmuf&&Sdjcif;r&Sdaomfvnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                        f                                 f f
a&;pDrHudef;enf;ynm'DZdkif;udk a&;qGJ                                                                                                                                             ]]EIA, SIA udk aocsmrwGuf &&Sdvmrnfh vQyfppf"mwftm;pDrHudef;
ay;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                     csufxm;&if aemufyi; qd;usKd;cH&rSm trsm;pkrSmvnf; tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHrS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   kd f k
          w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEdiiH ,leef       kf                                                                                                                         jynfolawGyJ/ tJ'Dtcsdefus&if bmrS 0,f,Ml urnfprue;rsm;jzpfaeonf/                                           hDH df
                     f
puf,EÅ&m;oGi;uke?f xkwueurPD              f kf kÜ                                                                                                                             f                       l
                                                                                                                                                                        vkyvYkdr&awmhb;}}[k ¤if;uqkonf/                               d                                txufaygif;avmif;qnfa&
(YMEC) u axmufyHhjcif;jzpfum                                   23 &Gm) \ toufarG;0rf;ausmif;jyK wdk;wufaumif;rGefap&rnf[lí jzpf                                                   tqkygqnfprue;f wpf0uwif tm; vQyfppfpDrHudef;rS&&Sdvmaom
                                                                                                                                                                                          d                      DH d               kd f G
*smreD E d k i f i H FOSCE Consulting aeaom v,fajr{uajcmufaxmif onf/                                                                                                    2009 ckESpf0ef;usifü puf,EÅ&m; vQyppf"mwftm;udrl NrdKUawmfaejynf                           f                        k
Engineers u tBuHay;vkyuiaqmif              f kd f              0ef;usi&aMumif; u,ef;rsK;qufopf
                                                                          f dS                              d                   odkYaomf a&vTrf;cH&rnfh tdrf rsm;jzihf pwifvkyfudkifvmonfhtjyif awmfwGif toHk;jyK&efjzpfaMumif;
&Gufvsuf&Sdonfhtjyif NAdwdefukrÜPD vli,ftzGJU\ aumuf,lxm;aom axmifpkrsm;rSm tdrfzsuf&rnfh ukef opfckwfjcif;vnf;rsm;vmaMumif; oufqkdif&mt&m&Sdrsm;\ajymqkdcsuf
wpfckuvnf; taumiftxnfazmf pm&if;rsm;t& od&onf/                                                                           usp&dwyifr&Saom aiGusyig;aomif; a'ocHrsm;\tqkdt&od&onf/
                                                                                                                                   f       d                  f                                                                                           udk udk;um;um a'ocHrsm;uajym
vkyfaqmifay;aeonf/                                                    ]]qnfwnfaqmufwJhtwGuf om&&Sdrnf[k wm0ef&Sdolrsm;uajym                                                       vuf&Sdtaetxm;wGif ,if; Mum;onf/ vQyfppf0efBuD;Xmeurl
          vuf&Sdtaetxm;wGif qnf xdcuepfemrIawG Ediiawmfor®w½H; qdkxm;NyD; a&TUajymif;aexdkif&rnfh a'otwGi; aexkiaom a'ocHrsm; owif;xkwfjyefjcif;r&Sday/
                                                                   kd f                       k f H                    k                                                                        f              d f
wnfaqmufrIrSm 90 &mcdkifEIef;cefY udkvnf; pmwifxm;ygw,f/ vTwf owfrSwfae&mrSmvnf; awmifurf; rSm pm;0wfaea&;twGuf ig;zrf;&mwGif                                                                                                                                          ,if;a&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;udk
NyD;pD;aeum uGefu&pftrsKd;tpm; awmfu,pm;vS,awGuvnf; ay;ydYk yg;,Hudk ajrxdk;xm;onfh ae&mjzpf ig;rsm;&Sm;yg;vmaMumif; ¤if;wdkYu 2015 wGif tNyD;owfNyD; vQyppf"mwf
                                                                        kd f               f            kd                                                                                                                                                                                             f
jzpfNyD; a&avSmifwrHrsm;udk tjrifh 25 xm;ygw,f } }[k u,ef ; rsKd ; quf onfhtwGuf pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;vkyf ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                       f kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tm;rsm;xkwvyrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;
ayausmf wnfaqmufxm;NyD; vmrnfh opfvli,frS OD;vlpDNidrf;uqdkonf/ Edkifonfhae&mr&SdaMumif; a&vTrf;cH&                                                                               txufaygif;avmif;qnf vQyf pDrue;f tcsutvufrsm;t&od&onf/                       H d             f
2013 wGif a&rsm;pwifoavSmifawmh       kd                              vuf&aygif;avmif;qnfwnf rnfh oajyukef;aus;&GmrS OD;oufEdkif ppf"mwftm;xkwfvkyfa&;pDrHudef;
                                                                                 dS                                                                                                                                                                                    tqkdygpDrHudef;NyD;pD;oGm;ygu
rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;pDrHudef;tcsuf aqmufrIonf taqmufttHkrsm; u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                              onf EkdifiHawmfzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&; qnfaqmufvyjf cif;\tusK;aus;Zl;                                               k                d
tvufrsm;t& od&onf/                                             wnfaqmufNyD;pD;oGm;NyDjzpfNyD; a&                                ]]rdom;pk pm;0wfaea&;twGuf pDrue;jzpfaomfvnf; &&SrnftusKd; wpf&yfudk wkdif;jynfzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrI
                                                                                                                                                                             H d f                                              d h
          ,if;a&avSmifwrH\ a&odavSmif avSmif&eftwGuf qnfyw&efomusef b,fvdkrS tqifrajyEdkifawmhbl;/ tjrwfwpfckwnf;twGufr[kwfbJ oauFwtjzpf awGUjrifMu&awmhrnf
                                                  k                                                   d f
Edkifaom{&d,mrSm 61 pwk&ef;uDvdk &Sojzifh vmrnfh 2013 wGif a&odavSmif b,fvdka&SUquf&rvJqdkwm pOf;pm; aus;&Gm 23 &Gm\ jynfovxtwGuf jzpfonf/
                                                                 d                                                 k                                                                                                       l l k
rDwm us,f0ef;NyD; ywf0ef;usifteD; awmhrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u ,if; ae&w,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                                                            h G
                                                                                                                                                                        yg xnfoi;f pOf;pm;oifaMumif; u,ef;             h                                               xdktcsdefwGif ]vQyfppfpGrf;tm;
        kd f                                        k f
wpf0u&dS &Gmaygif; 23 &Gm udk a&zH;vTr; qnfwnfaqmufrI tajctaeudk                                                                tqdkyga&vTrf;cH&rnfh aygif; rsKd;qufopfvli,ftzGJUu tBuHjyK jzifh acwfrDaomEkdifiHawmfopfqDodkY}
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;pDrHudef; &Sif;jyonf/                                                                             avmif;jrpf0r;a'owGif t"duaexkif ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                        Sf                            d                                                                                   pmwrf;BuD;onf cHhcHhxnfxnfawGU
            f
tcsutvufrsm;wGiazmfjyxm;onf/    f                                     tqdkyga&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef; aom wdkif;&if;om;rsm;rSm u,ef;?                                                 odYkaomf jrefrmEkiiwif vQyppf jrif&rnfjzpfouJoYkd ,cifupdr;vef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       dfH G                  f                                           h                  f
          ]]ajymif;a&TU&wJtwGuf wpftrf wnfaqmufrINyD;pD;oGm;ygu &&Sdvm ytdk0fh? jrefrmvlrsKd;rsm;aexkdifMuNyD; "mwftm;vdtyfcsuonfvnf; &efue?f pdjk ynfcaom O,smOfajr? v,fajr{u
                              h                            d                                                                                                                                k                  f                                   k                    hJ
axmifukd ig;aomif;(usy) ay;r,fvYkd rnfhvQyfppfrD;udk ajymif;a&TU&rnfh v,fajrpyg;pduysKd;onftjyif udi; rEÅav;? rH&mwdYkwif za,mif;wkixe; axmifaygif;rsm;pGmESifh vl&Spfaxmif
                                    f                                                                                                        k f            h       k f                kG               G                               df Gf
ajymw,f/ 'gayrJh w&m;0iftaMumif; a'ocHrsm;twGuf rnfrQo;Hk pGci&rnf ajrrsm;wGif ajryJ? eEGif;ESifiSufaysmf? qE´jycJhonfu oufaojyaeonf/ ausmfwkdY\aetdrfwkdYtem*wfrSmrl
                                                                                                              J G hf
Mum;wmawmh r&Sdao;ygbl;}} [k a& udkrl ¤if;wdkYtaejzifh rod&SdMuay/                                                       i½kwfESifh vufzufwdkYudk t"dupdkuf                       vuf&SdwGif EkdifiHawmfu wnf qH;½I;&ayawmhrnf[k u,ef;rsK;quf                 k H                                          d
      f
vTr;cH&rnfh &GmBuD;aus;&GmrS OD;armif                                 urÇmqnfrsm;qdi&m aumfr&Sif ysKd;MuaMumif; a'ocHwdkY\ tqkdt& aqmufvsuf&Sdaom a&tm;vQyfppf opfvli,fwdkYu ajymqkdMuonf/
                                                                               h                  kf
aX;uqdkonf/                                                    tzGJU (The World Commission on od&onf/                                                                        H d f
                                                                                                                                                                        pDrue; 16 ck&NdS yD; 2010-2011 ckEpf                                         S
          a&vTrf;cH&rnfh 23 &GmwGif a& Dams)u tBuHjyKxm;onfrm e,fcH                                            S                                                                f
                                                                                                                                Ekiiawmftpd;&taeESihf txuf twGi;av;ck? 2011 ckEptwGi; ig;ck?
                                                                                                                                  dfH              k                                                                     Sf         f
pwifvr;rnfae&mrSm &GmBuD;aus;&Gm aus;&Gmrsm;onf qnfwnfaqmuf aygif;avmif;qnfprue;ESiywfouf 2012 ckESpftwGif; oHk;ck? 2015 ckESpf
              T f h                                                                                                                                  D H d f hf                                                                                                                                    rif;xufpH
jzpfNyD; tdrfaxmifpk 116 ck&Sdum a&; pDrHudef;\ tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;udk
trsm;pkrSm v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;vkyf OD;OD;zsm;zsm; cHpm;&olrsm;jzpf&rnf
ief;udkom vkyfudkifMuonf/                                      jzpfonftjyif ¤if;wdYk\vlaerItqifh
          tqdkyg a&vTrf;cH&rnfh{&d,m twef;udk e*drvtqiftwef;twdi;
                                                                           h
                                                                                    kl              h                kf
                                                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                                                    tif;av;ueftwGi;f eefvwfacsmif; Eke;f ydcsrtrsm;qH;k [kqkd
                                                                                                                                                                          hk I
                                                                                                                             &efukef? Mo*kwf 27
wGif tdrfaxmifpkoHk;axmifausmf (&Gm xdef;odrf;ay;&rnfomru ydkíyif
                                                                                                                                                      H           f                               S f                 f d f
                                                                                                                                      tmqD,tarGtESppm&if;0ifjzpfNyD; 2008 ckEptwGi; pHcsewifa&avsmenf;rIjzpfay:cJaom tif;av;uef                         h                        h
                                                                                                                             twGif;odkY t"dupD;0ifvsuf&Sdaom acsmif;av;acsmif;&Sdonfhteuf Ekef;ydkYcsrIrsm;jym;onfhacsmif;rSm eefYvwf
                                                                                                                             acsmif;jzpfaMumif; ukvor*¾zUHG NzdK;rItpDtpOf (UNDP) tif;av;a'opDrue;refae*sm OD;xGe;ay:OD;uqdonf/                   H d f                             f              k
                                                                                                                                      t"duacsmif;BuD;av;acsmif;jzpfaom eefYvwfacsmif;? a&y,facsmif;? uavmacsmif;ESifh tif;wdefacsmif;
uav;NrdKYwGif opfyifwpfaomif; Green World pdkufysKd;rnf                                                                      wdkYrSa&rsm; tif;av;ueftwGif;pD;qif;vsuf&SdNyD; ueftwGif; Ekef;tenfusrIrsm;jym;&mwGif eefYvwfacsmif;
                                                                                                                                      f          S              k        l                                   d
                                                                                                                             \ Eke;ydYk csrIrmtrsm;qH;jzpfum bDv;acsmif;onf 'kw,trsm;qH;Eke;ydYk csvsuf&aMumif;? uavmacsmif;onf    k f                          dS
uav;? Mo*kwf 25
                                                                                                                             wwd,Ekef;ydkYcsrI trsm;qHk;jzpfNyD; okawoejyKtcsuftvufrsm;t& uavmacsmif;onf Ekef;wefcsdef ig;
          opfawmjyKef;wD;rI? 0g;&Sm;yg;rI? xif;&Sm;yg;rIrsm;jzpfay:vmvsuf&Sd                                                 aomif;cefY ydkYcsvsuf&SdaMumif;? ESpfpOf acsmif;av;acsmif;aygif; Ekef;ydkYcsrIwefcsdefrSm ESpfodef;ckepfaomif;ausmf
                                       f
aom uav;NrdKUwGif tpdr;a&mifurÇm (Green World) opfyifputzGUJ u ,ckEpf                        kd f                    S       &SdaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
          f                              k f d
twGi; tyifwpfaomif;pduysK;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqkygtzGUJ xHro&onf/                      d                   S d                        ]]'DvdkqufoGm;ae&if ESpftenf;i,ftwGif;rSm tif;av;uefBuD;ysufpD;oGm;Edkifw,f}} [k ¤if;uoHk;oyf
          ,if;tzGJUudk tzGJU0ifvli,fav;OD;jzifh ,ckESpfarvtwGif;u pwifzGJU                                                   ajymMum;onf/
pnf;cJhNyD; uav;NrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd awmifzDvmawmifajc? awmifzDvm&yfuGuf?                                                                tif;av;ueftwGif; pGefYypftnpftaMu;rsm;0ifa&mufjcif;? opfawmjyKef;wD;jcif;? pdkufysKd;yHkenf;pepf
usefppfom;vrf;wGif opfyifrsm;pdkufysKd;aeNyD; ,cktcgtyif 300 &SdoGm;NyD                                                      rrSefuefjcif;aMumifh ajrqDvTmxdef;odrf;Edkifjcif;r&SdbJ Ekef;ydkYcsrIrsm; rsm;jym;vmjcif;rsm;udk qnfajrmif;
jzpfaMumif; ,if;tzGJU0ifwpfOD;uajymMum;onf/                                                                                  OD;pD;Xmeu ueftwGif;Ekef;wm;qnfrsm;wnfaqmufjcif;? Ekef;tenfrsm; avsmhenf;atmifq,f,ljcif;
          ]]uRefawmfwkdYtwGuf vkdtyfwJhysKd;yifawGudk uav;NrdKUeJY wD;wdefNrdKU                                              vkyfief;rsm;jzifh aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif;? odkYaomf Ekef;q,f,lrIvkyfief;rsm;udk xdxda&mufa&mufvkyfaqmif
opfawmOD;pD;XmewkYdu tultnDay;ygw,f/ ra[mf*eDtenf;i,feYJ cgawmfrD                                                            Edkif&efvdktyfaeaMumif; opfawmOD;pD;Xme obm00ef;usifESifh om;iSufwd&pämefxdef;odrf;a&;Xme (tif;
                       d f hJ                                f
yifawGrsm;rsm;pkucygw,f}}[k tpdr;a&mifurÇmtzGUJ rS udnnaZmfuqkonf/                       k D D                   d           av;uef) ab;rJhawmrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u Ekef;avQmhcsa&; vkyfief;aqmif&GufrIrsm;ESifhywfoufí ¤if;\
          uav;NrdKUwGif um,uHarwåm opfyifcspfolrsm;tzGJU? 0d0#tzGJU? tpdrf;                                                  tjrifudk ajymMum;onf/
a&mifvGifjyiftzGJU? tpdrf;a&mif urÇmtzGJU? uae'Dawmifpdrf;vef;a&; tzGJU                                                               ]]'Dae&mrSm q,fwJhEkef;udk aemufwpfae&ma&TUxm;vdkufwmu bmrSrxl;bl;? vydkif;avmufyJ cHw,f/
pojzifh tzGJUrsm;&SdMuNyD; ESpfpOfrkd;&moDopfyifpdkufyGJrsm;wGif opfawmOD;pD;                                                ESpf&SnfrcHbl;}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
XmeESifh yl;aygif;pdkufysKd;MuaMumif; ,if;tzGJUxHrSod&onf/ jrwf(uav;)
   16
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




usyf 100 bDvD,Hjr§KyfESHrnfU wHwm;OD;[dkw,fZkefpDrHudef; udk;ESpfMumwnfaqmufrnf
rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 28
            wm;OD;tjynfjynfqdkif&mavqdyfwnf&Sd&m wHwm;OD;NrdKUwGif wHwm;OD;[dkw,fZkefpDrHudef;udk usyfbDvD,H 100 &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHí ajr{u 5500 wGif udk;ESpfESifhtNyD;wnfaqmufrnf[k Mo*kwf
            v 27 &ufaeYwGif jrefrmEdkifiH[dkw,fqdkif&mvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif; (rEÅav;Zkef) Ouú|OD;jrifhatmifu ajymMum;onf/
       wHwm;OD;[dkw,fZkefpDrHudef;                                        f G
                                                ywf0ef;usiwif ajrwdi;jcif;? tcsuf         k f                                   k
                                                                                                                           ]][dw,fZevyr,fh ,majrawG
                                                                                                                                          kf kf                                     k f H kd
                                                                                                                                                                a0;onf[k jrefrmEdii[w,fqi&m        kd f                   T
                                                                                                                                                                                                              axmufneMf um;a&;rSL;OD;ausmfjrifhOD;
aqmufvkyfrnfhae&monf rEÅav;                                       S
                                                tvuf&mazGjcif;vkyief;rsm;udk jyKvyf f                          k   &JUwefzdk;udk wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJU           f         f
                                                                                                                                                                vkyief;&Sirsm;toif; (rEÅav;Zke) rS    f       u ajymMum;onf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;twGuf pD;yGm;jzpfxGef;             oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? 2012 ckESpf                                                   kd f       k f S f
                                                                                                                   u oufqi&m,mydi&iawGeYJ n§Ei;        d Id f   wm0ef&orsm;u wnDwñGwwnf;
                                                                                                                                                                           dS l                  f                            k f            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      jrefrmEdiiH c&D;oGm;vkyief;&Sif
&efrvG,fulbJ pdkufysKd;vkyfudkif&ef                          f
                                                rukerD wnfaqmufjcif;vkyief;pwif                   f                        S f G
                                                                                                                   owfrwom;rSmjzpfygw,f}}[k ¤if;u               ajymMum;onf/                                  rsm;tzGJUcsKyfu wnfaqmufrnfh
cufcJaom ajrae&mrsm;wGif&Sdojzifh               rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymqdkonf/                                    qdkonf/                                                               h dö
                                                                                                                                                                        ]]tJ'D aqmufr,fuptwdtus               wHwm;OD;[dkw,fZkefpDrHudef;onf
[dkw,fZkefpDrHudef;taumiftxnf                                  wnfaqmufrnf[w,fZeonf      h kd         kf                   [dw,fZewnfaqmufrnfh a'o
                                                                                                                              k        kf                       rodao;bl;/ b,fae&mrSm aqmuf                   wHwm;OD;NrdKUe,f uwdk;qdyfaus;&Gm
azmf&ef wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJUu                                          S hf D
                                                {&m0wDjrpfEie;NyD; tjynfjynfqi&m                          kd f     onf ppfudkif;ESifh 5 'or 46 rdkif            r,fqdkwm ajryHkcsray;wJhtwGuf                      fk       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tkypteD;wGi&NdS y;D wHwm;OD;tjynfjynf
{NyDv 26 &ufaeYü ajr{u 3500                     avqdyf? ppfudkif;? tr&yl&? tif;0                                   uGma0;NyD; tr&yl&NrdKUESifh 6 rdkifom           D d ö d d
                                                                                                                                                                tJ'upwwusus rajymEdiao;bl;}} k f              qdkif&mavqdyfESifh 8 'or 62 rdkif
xyfrHcsay;cJhaMumif;? pDrHudef;wGif             wdkYESifh reD;ra0;wGif&SdaMumif;? jrefrm                           a0;í a&S;a[mif;tif;0NrdKUESifhqdkvQif        [k tif;0NrdKUa[mif;&Sd pmMunfhwdkuf?          a0;í rEÅav;NrdKUESihf 14 'or 27
jynfy&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;ESifh EdkifiHom;    EdkifiH c&D;oGm;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;tzGJUrS                                                              H
                                                                                                                   eD;NyD; ,Ofaus;rItaqmufttkrsm;ESihf                k fS
                                                                                                                                                                jywduEihf a&S;a[mif;okawoe vuf                rdkifom uGma0;onf/
  k k
ydif [dw,frsm;tygt0if Ediiwum     k f H                         f
                                                ,if;ZketwGuf &if;ES;jr§KyfE&ef yxr     D       HS
       h k
tqifrD [dw,ft*Fg&yfrsm;ESihf uduf           k              k                h
                                                OD;qH;taejzifpwifxnf0ifNy; [dw,f            h D k
nDrnfh ukewursm;? tqifjh rif½;Hk cef;?
           f kd f
              kd       k
pm;aomufqi?f vH;csif;tdr&m? ½d;&m  f
                                        h
                                          k
                                                Zkeukd pdw0ifpm;onfjh refrmEdiiom;
                                                       f              f
                                                                        f
                                                rsm;udk &S,,mrsm;a&mif;csrnftjyif
                                                                                                    k f H
                                                                                                       h           jrpfom;NrdKY wnf;awmf&mausmif;wkdufBuD;\
ypönf;ta&mif;qdkif? ½kyf&Sif? a*guf                  k              k f D H d f
                                                [dw,fZeprue;twGuf ta&;BuD;
uGif;? aw;*DwazsmfajzrIae&mrsm;yg
xnfhoGif;wnfaqmufrnfjzpfaom
                                                     k
                                                qH;aom taqmufttkrsm;udk yxr
                                                                     k f
                                                tqifh oH;ESptwGi;tNyD;wnfaqmuf    f
                                                                                             H
                                                                                                                   ESpfaygif;ig;&mjynfUtxdrf;trSwf *kPfjyKyGJusif;yrnf
aMumifh ajr{u 2000 xyfcsay;&ef                     D           fk d
                                                Ny; use'w,tqifEihf wwd,tqifh        hS                             rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 28
                 k
wifjyojzifh wdi;f tpd;k &tzGJUu ajrae           taqmufttHkrsm;udk oHk;ESpfpDcGJí                                                  d f
                                                                                                                          rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD; jrpfom;             ausmif;wkdufBuD;\ ESpfig;&mjynhf              txm;rsm;t& wnf;awmf&mausmif;
&mcsxm;ay;&efoabmwlc&m Mo*kwf  hJ               wnfaqmufoGm;rnf jzpfaMumif;                                                              Gf
                                                                                                                   NrdKUawmifbufwyf&yfwiwnf&aomdS               txdrf;trSwf*kPfjyKylaZmfyGJudk 'DZif          wkduf\ oufwrf;rSm ESpfaygif; 500
vukefydkif;ü [dkw,fZkefaqmufrnfh                OD;jrifatmifu xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
                                                         h                                                                            df
                                                                                                                   r[mpnfomoemh&yom wnf;awmf&m                                             G
                                                                                                                                                                bmv 10 &ufaeYwif tqdygausmif;    k            jynhfajrmufNyD;jzpf&m y"meem,u
                                                                                                                                                                wkdufü pnfum;okdufNrdKufpm usi;y   G     f    q&mawmfBuD;\ Mo0g'ukdcH,lí
                                                                                                                                                                oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; usi;f ya&;aumfrwD          ausmif;wkdufBuD;\ ESpfaygif;ig;&m
rEåav; u .n .e w½kwfEdkifiHxkwf                                                                                                                                               dS l
                                                                                                                                                                rS wm0ef&orsm;u The Voice Weekly
                                                                                                                                                                odkYajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              jynfh txdr;trSwusi;ya&;aumfrwD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             l JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                              taejzifh Ak'?¨ "r®? oHCmhyaZmfyrsm;udk
                                                                                                                                                                          jrpfom;NrdKU awmifbufwyf&yf&Sd      'DZifbmv 9 &ufrS 12 &ufaeY txd
vQyfppfqkdifu,frSwfyHkwif&ef aemufqHk;&ufaMunm                                                                                                                  wnf;awmf&momoemhe,fajrwGif
                                                                                                                                                                wnf;awmf&mapwDBuD;udk yk*Hacwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              qG r f ; avmif ; vS L yG J ? w&m;yG J r sm;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       JG T f JG                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                              aysmfy&iyrsm;jzifh pnfum;oduNf rdKuf
rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 28                                                                                                                                               taemf&xmrif;vufxuf jrefrmESpf                 pGm usif;yjyKvkyfoGm;rnfhtjyif ESpf
                       d f         f
            rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD; ukevrf;           71975 usyf? 64 AdkY wpfpD; 77100                                   u,fwefzkd;avmuf&Sdw,fav}}[k                  395 ESpu wnfxm;cJonf[k ud;c½dif
                                                                                                                                                                            f                  h       k k    aygif;ig;&mwnf;awmf&m txdr;f trSwf
ydkYaqmifa&;nTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme(u                    fS             D              f k
                                                usyEihf 72 AdYk wpfp; 82ç225 usywYdukd                             csrf;jrompnfNrdKUe,fwGif aexkdifol           orkdif;taxmuftxm;rsm;wGif azmf                armfuGef;pmapmifudkvnf; xkwfa0
ne) onf w½kwjf ynfoUl or®wEkiiH        d f      ay;oGif;&rnfjzpfaMumif;? une                                       w½kwfjynfolUor®w EkdifiHxkwfvQyf             jyxm;NyD; wnf;awmf&mausmif;wkduf              oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; aumfrwD0if
                f    dk f
xkwf vQyppfqiu,frsm;udk atmuf                   ½Hk;wGif armfawmfqkdifu,frsm;uJhodkY                               ppf qkdifu,f0,f,lxm;ol touf                  BuD;udk tif;0acwfa&Teef;aMumh&Sif             wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
wdkbmv 4 &ufaeYaemufq;xm;í      kH              One Stop Service jzifh vQyppfqiu,f
                                                                            f dk f                                 22 t&G,f wpfOD;uqkdonf/                      e&ywdvufxuf jrefrmESpf 874                               &yfa0;&yfeD;rS apwem&Sifrsm;
,mOfrSwfyHkwif aMu;ay;oGif;&ef                  rsm;udk ,mOfrSwfyHkwifrsm;jyKvkyfay;                                         rEÅav; u.n.e½H; w½kwvyf
                                                                                                                                              k    f k              S f                 k f S
                                                                                                                                                                ckEpu aqmufvyvL'gef;cJaMumif;        h        taejzifh wnf;awmf&mausmif;wkduf
aMunmxm;aMumif; tqkygXmexHrS  d                 aeaMumif;ESifh owfrSwfumvausmf                                     vQyfppfqkdifu,frsm;twGuf rSwfyHk                      k f Gf
                                                                                                                                                                tqdygESpwia&;xk;xm;onfh wnf; d                ESpig;&mjynhtxdr;f trSwf *kPjf yKyaZmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f                   f                l
od&&onf/
       dS                                       vGefvQif rSwfyHkwifjcif;r&Sonfh vQyf
                                                                             d                                     wifjcif;udk Mo*kwfv 15 &ufwGif               awmf&mausmif;tvSL ausmufpmt&                  yGJtvSLaiGrsm; xnhf0ifvSL'gef;vdk
            wkdif;a'oBuD; une½Hk;okdYay;        ppfqdkifu,frsm;udk ta&;,lom;rnf  G                                 pwifjyKvkyfay;cJh&m AdYktm;tenf;qH;  k             dS
                                                                                                                                                                od&&aMumif; wnf;awmf&momoemh                  ygu usi;f ya&;aumfrwD wnf;awmf&m
     f
oGi;aiG? tmrcHaMu;? bPf0efaqmifc?                                d k f
                                                jzpfaMumif; tqkygqdiu,frsm;pD;eif;                                 qkiu,fwpfp;vQif usyaiGav;ode;
                                                                                                                      df            D           f      f        &dyfom\ y"meem,uq&mawmf                       omoemh&yom? jrpfom;NrdKU zke; 09-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d f                f
taumufcGef 5 &mcdkifEIef;? ukefoG,f             ol rEÅav;NrdKUae w½kwE,zm;rsm;u
                                                                          fG fG                                    ESifh AkdYtm;trsm;qHk; qkdifu,fwpfpD;        tbd " Zt*¾ r [mo'¨ r ® aZmwd u                5170160? 09-2150545? 066-
cGef 5 &mcdiEe; ygxnfoi;wGucsuf
               kfIf        h Gf      f          xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/                                              vQif usyfaiGig;odef;cGJ&Sdonf[k aps;         b'´EÅ0go0u The Voice Weekly                   60080 wdYkoYkd qufo,vL'gef;Ekdif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           G f S
xm;ygu 48 AdkYvQyfppfqdkifu,f                           ]]tcktcGefaqmifzkdY pdwf0ifpm;                             uGuftwGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/               odkYrdefYMum;onf/                             aMumif; ,if;aumfrwD0ifxHrS od&Sd&
wpfp;vQif 66850 usy?f 60 AdYkwpfp;
          D                                D    ol enf;w,f/ tcGefEIef;xm;u qkdif                                                                                          wdusckdifrmonfh taxmuf              onf/                                 jroif;



        rEåav;pdrf;a&mifpdk ucsifppfab;ESifU                                                                                                                    obifoufBuD;ylaZmfyGJtwGuf &efyHkaiGyGJusif;yrnf
        &cdkif'ku©onfrsm;udk oGm;a&mufulnDrnf                                                                                                                   rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 15
                                                                                                                                                                                f                                 JG         kH JG
                                                                                                                                                                        (10)Budrajrmuf obifoufBuD;ylaZmfytwGuf &efyaiGyukd rEÅav;NrdKUawmf
        rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 28                                                                                                                                       64 vrf;eJY 27 vrf;axmifh&Sd Oriental House wGif Mo*kwfv 20 &ufrS 21
               opfyifpujf cif;jzifh obm0ywf0ef;usifxe;odr;a&;vkyief;rsm;udk aqmif&uaeaom rEÅav;NrdKUawmf
                        kd                               d f f         f                     G f                                                                &ufaeYtxd ujyazsmfajzoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqkdygyGJpDpOfol OD;rif;xuf
        pdrf;a&mifpdk Activities u ucsifppfab;'ku©onfrsm;ESifh &cdkifjynfe,fwGif; qlyltMurf;zufrIrsm;aMumifh 'ku©                                               rif;u Mo*kwfv 13 &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
        a&mufaeaom'kuonfrsm;udk ulnaxmufyrrsm;jyKvyom;rnfjzpfaMumif; pdr;a&mifpkd Activities xHrS od&&onf/
                             ©            D        hH I       kf G                  f                             dS                                                    rEÅav;NrdKUawmf ckepfNrdKUe,f&Sd obifavmuoufBuD;bkd;bGm; 66 OD;
               ]]&uftwdtus rajymEdkifayr,fh pufwifbmvtwGif;jzpfzdkY rsm;ygw,f/ rEÅav;NrdKUu tvSL&SifawG                                                         ukd ylaZmfuefawmh&ef &efyHkaiGyGJtjzpf ujyazsmfajzjcif;jzpfaMumif;? Zmwf
        vSLxm;wmawG&,f? KENBO ukrÜPDu t"duyHhydk;vSLxm;wmawG&,f udk,fwdkifoGm;a&mufvSLMurSmyg}}                                                                 rif;om;ESifh qkdif;q&mrsm; yGJpOfem;aeonfhumvwGif tqdkygyJGudk usif;yjcif;
        [k ,if;tzGJUtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;armifarmifOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                                                              d      kH JG      G                  f
                                                                                                                                                                jzpfaMumif;? tqkyg&efyaiGyawmfwif obifynm&Sirsm;vufatmuf&dS jrefrmh
               tqdkygvSL'gef;rIwGif qefESifh t0wftxnfrsm;ESifh ]jrefrmjynfppfzuftjrefNidrf;csrf;ygap} pmwrf;yg                                                                        l                                        S d f
                                                                                                                                                                obiftvSqiforsm;tzGUJ rS ZmwfobiftzGUJ 40 ausmfEihf qki;q&m? bdouf           d
        wD&Syftxnf 20000 yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                                                                       q&mrsm;yg0ifaom y&[dwa&Tvufrsm;tzGJUwkdYu ujyazsmfajzMurnfjzpf
               &cdkifjynfe,fwGif;vSL'gef;&mwGif ppfawG? bl;oD;awmif? armifawm? ausmufawmfNrdKUe,frsm;&Sd 'ku©                                                   aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
        onfpcef;rsm;? ucsifjynfe,fwGif; jrpfBuD;em;? Aef;armf? rdk;armuf NrdKUe,frsm;tygt0if w½kwfe,fpyf&Sd                                                               d f                                        JG    f
                                                                                                                                                                        uk;Budrajrmuf obifoufBuD;ylaZmfyudk Mo*kwv 2 &ufaeYwijf yKvkyf   G
        ppfab;'ku©onfpcef;rsm;odkY oGm;a&mufvSL'gef;rnfjzpfaMumif; pdrf;a&mifpdk Activities xHrS od&Sd&onf/                                                     cJhNyD; oufBuD;bdk;bGm; 66 OD;tm;wpfOD;vQif usyfig;aomif;EIef;jzifh pkpkaygif;
               tqdkygtzGJUonf 2012 ckESpf ESpfqef;ydkif;wGif ucsifppfab;'ku©onfpcef;rsm;odkY ema&;ulnDrItoif;                                                   usyf 33 odef;jzifh ylaZmfuefawmhcJhaMumif;? vmrnfh 2013 ckESpf Mo*kwfv
        (&efue)? 88 rsK;qufausmif;om;rsm;? b0tvif;y&[dw? tr&okcvlrtzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESitwlom;a&mufí
               kf          d                                                      I                   hf        G                                               wGifjyKvkyfrnfh (10)Budrfajrmuf obifoufBuD;ylaZmfyGJudk ukd;Budrfajrmuf
        ulnDrIrsm;jyKcJhaMumif; 2010 jynfhESpf em*pfrkefwdkif;'Pfoifh&cdkifjynfe,f? ajryHkNrdKUe,f? rif;jym;NrdKUe,fwdkYodkY                                    ylaZmfyGJxuf ydkrdkylaZmfuefawmhEkdif&ef pDpOfvsuf&SdaMumif;? vufrSwfwefzdk;rSm
        oGm;a&mufulnDaxmufyHhvSL'gef;rIrsm;jyKvkyfNyD; vuf&SdwGif rdk;&moDopfyifpdkufysKd;yGJawmfudk tywfpOf                                                    5000 usyf? 3000 usyf? 2000 usyf ponfjzifh owfrSwfxm;NyD; vufrSwf
        we*FaEGaeYwdkif; rEÅav;NrdKUawmfESifh 0ef;usifa'orsm;wGifjyKvkyfvsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;tzGJUxHrSod&Sd&onf/                                                  ta&mif;Xmetjzpf- avmuewfcef;r? Mu,fwm&muaz;? zkef;- 02-21680?
                                                                                                                                                                                        Gf       G f       l dk f       JD
                                                                                                                                                                09-91028330 wkYdwiqufo,0,f,EiaMumif; yGppOforsm;xHro&onf/       l    S d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        17
   Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                               The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VOICE


wdkufyGJrsm;aMumifU zm;uefhNrdKYay:okdh aus;&Gm 13 &Gm &GmvHk;uRwfa&TYajymif;
zm;uefY? Mo*kwf 26
            uefYNrdKUe,fwGif tpdk;&wyfrawmfESifh ucsifvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf (KIA) wdkYtMum; aeYpOf&ufqufjzpfyGm;aeaom wkdufyGJrsm;aMumifh aus;&Gm 13 &GmwGifaexkdifolrsm; zm;uefYNrdKUay:odkY
            &GmvHk;uRwfajymif;a&TUrIrsm;jzpfay:aeaMumif; a'ocHwdkYu The Voice Weekly odkY qufoG,fajymMum;onf/
        ]]&GmrSmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;&,f? vl             rsm;wGif'ku©onfpcef; 19 ckzGifhvSpf         rsm;u ajymMum;onf/                        pGefYcGmvmonfh 'ku©onf 4ç000 OD;                          wkdufyGJjzpfyGm;aeonfrSm wpfESpfESifh
q,fa,mufavmuf&,fyaecki;w,f/     J df                xm;&SdaMumif; ¤if;wdkYxHrSod&onf/                                       k f
                                                                                                        xdYktjyif zm;uefY-rd;n§i; um;c    0ef;usifudk vHkcif;aus;&GmwGif ulnD                       oHk;vMumjrihfvmaomfvnf; typf
                      f G
usefwmtuke&muxGuom;zdYk KIA        f G                        ]]wdkufyGJuawmh &ufqufay          rSmvnf; (Van) ,cif ESpfaomif;             apmifa&Smufc&onf/ tpd;&wyfrawmf
                                                                                                                                                 h     hJ         k                                             J             k
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tcwf&yfpa&;twGuf awGUqHaqG;aEG;
uajymvdYk NrdKUay:udk ppfab;a&SmifMu                r,fh odyfrjyif;xefao;bl;/ 'gayrJh                        f d hJ
                                                                                                0ef;usiom&Scaomfvnf; ,if;wkuyJG    d f    ESifh ucsifvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmfwdkY                         &ef oabmwlnDrIr&ao;ay/
wm}} [k zm;uefYNrdKU NrdKUOD;apwDodkY               ppftiftm;wdk;csJUaeMuwmawGrsm;                                    D
                                                                                                rsm;aMumifh wpfO;vQif a&SUcef;wpfoe; df
          dS
a&muf&vmonhf ae&yfwr;a&Smifvm       d f             awmh a'ocHawGaMumufNyD; ajy;vm              ig;aomif;usyf? aemufcef;wpfodef;
olwpfOD;uqkdonf/
        Mo*kw fv 26 &ufa eYtxd
                                                    wmyg}} [k zm;uefYNrdKU&Sd jynfckdifNzdK;
                                                    ygwD0ifwpfO;u The Voice Weekly
                                                                     D
                                                                                                ESpfaomif;usyftxd aps;jrihfoGm;
                                                                                                aMumif; rkd;n§if;ta0;ajy;,mOfpcef;
                                                                                                                                          erfUvefaus;&Gmrsm;wGif wpfykdifwpfEkdif
aumuf,lxm;aom pm&if;rsm;t&                          odkYajymMum;onf/                            xHrSod&onf/
wkdufyGJrsm;aMumifh ae&yfpGefYcGmvmol
5935 OD;&SdaMumif; ,if;NrdKUe,ftkyf
                                                                                 G
                                                              zm;uefYNrdKUay:&yfuujf zpfaom
                                                    iSufaysmawm&yfuGufwGifaexkdifol
                                                                                                        zm;uefYNrdKUe,fwGif tpdk;&wyf
                                                                                                rawmfEihf ucsivwvyfa&;wyfrawmf
                                                                                                           S        f G f
                                                                                                                                          a&tm;vQyfppfjzifU 24 em&D rD;vif;
csKyfa&;rSL;tzGJUxHrSod&onf/                        trsKd;om;wpfOD;u ]]wkdufyGJjzpfwJh          wdkYonf Mo*kwfv 15 &ufaeYu                oDayg? Mo*kwf 23
        Mo*kwfv 28 &ufESifh 29 &uf                  ae&muNrdKUeJYwpfrkdif? ESpfrkdifavmuf          d f JG
                                                                                                wkuyrsm;jyefvnfpwifcNhJ yD; Mo*kwf                &S r f ; jynf e ,f a jrmuf y k d i f ; ES i h f   odef;ESpfaomif;cefY ukefusaMumif;
aeYwYkd wiae&yfpeYf cmvmolrsm;quf
             G f          G G                       a0;wJhae&mrSm aeYwkdif;jzpfaew,f/           v 18 &ufaeYwGif ae&yfpGefYcGm 'ku©        awmifykdif;qkH&m NrKdUwpfNrKdUjzpfonfh                    OD;a&TvSu ajymMum;onf/
vufa&muf&SdaeqJjzpfNyD; vlOD;a&                     vufeufBuD;oHawGMum;&w,f}} [k                onfrsm; a&muf&SdvmonfhtwGuf               erfhvefNrKdUteD;&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;wGif 0yf                                 a&acsmif;i,frsm;rS 0yf 300?
pm&if;udk aumuf,laeqJjzpfaMumif;                    qdkonf/                                     ,m,Dwnf;cdka&; pcef;rsm;zGihfvSpfcJh      tm;edrfh rdom;pkwpfykdifwpfEkdif a&                       500? 600 rS 1000 txd 'kdiferkdrsm;
                           dS l
,if;tzGUJ wm0ef&owpfO;uqkonf/    D      d                     ,if;wkuyrsm;aMumifh zm;uefY
                                                                       d f JG                   aMumif; zm;uefYNrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;       tm;vQyfppfjzihf 24em&D vQyfppf"mwf                        jzifh rdom;pktvkdufwyfqifum 24
        tqkdygae&yfpGefYcGm'ku©onf                  NrdKUodkY ukefpnfoGm;vmrI&yfqkdif;cJhNyD;   rSL;½Hk;xHrSod&onf/                                 H J G hf d
                                                                                                                                          tm; ok;pGci&&SaMumif; a'ocHrsm;u                          em&DrD;vif;? TV MunhfEkdifNyD; ukefus
rsm;twGuf zm;uefYNrdKUay:&yfuuEihf          G f S   Mo*kwfv 29 &ufaeYwGif qefwpf                        ,ckESpfqef;ydkif;uvnf; zm;        ajymMum;onf/                                              p&dwfrSm 0yf 300 vQif usyfajcmuf
                 kd f
teD; wpf0uaus;&Gmrsm;&Sd bke;awmf         f         tdwf 16000 usyfrS 32000 usyf0ef;            uefY-rdk;aumif; ta0;ajy;vrf;rBuD;                 wpfpuúefYukd a&wpfaypD;tm;                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                    aomif;cefYom ukeusaMumif; aumif;
Bu;D ausmif;rsm;? c&pf,mefb&m;ausmif; k             usiftxdaps;jrihfcJhaMumif; a'ocH            wGif wkuyjJG zpfym;cJonftwGuf ae&yf
                                                                                                          d f        G h h                &SdvQif a&tm;vQyfppfxkwfvkyfEkdif                         [wf&mom;wpfO;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G            D
                                                                                                                                          aMumif;? vQyfppf 10 uDvkd xGuf&ef                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  refv?D uke0g? em;rSe?f aemifcsK?d
                                                                                                                                          15 ay ywfvnf a&ppfuefESpfuefrS                            ckd[wf? refpdrf;? ref;wyf? vG,fvkH;?
                                                                                                                                                      dk f D
                                                                                                                                          yDygqDwiua[mif; 82 vk;jzihf quf   H                       0rferfh? [kdckd? em;rGef? rkdifac;? em;
   rauG;wGif usyfodef; 1280 wef                                                                                                           í&aom ykdufvkH;t&Snf 245 ayjzihf
                                                                                                                                          yef0g&Gm tdrfajc 106 tdrftwGuf
                                                                                                                                          wyfqif&m usyoe;60ausmcefYom
                                                                                                                                                                f d f         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                    pavmif;? emae;? em;[kdif;? em;ckduf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    &GmwkdYwGif wpfykdifwpfEkdif ukd,fxl
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ukd,fx a&tm;vQyfppfrsm;xkwfvkyf
   pdwf<u½l;oGyfaq;jym;rsm; zrf;qD;&rd                                                                                                         f
                                                                                                                                          ukeusaMumif; a&tm;vQyppfvuvH
                                                                                                                                          wyfqifay;ol OD;a&TvSuajymMum;
                                                                                                                                                                          f         dk f                       JI
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ok;H pGronf ,ckEpyi;f wGiooomom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           S f dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                    zGUH NzK;d vmonf[k a'ocHrsm;uqkonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f d d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d
                                                                                                                                          onf/                                                                       h dk          S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  erfqonfrm &Sr;pum;ESifh a&
rauG;? Mo*kwf 18                                                                                                                                  &GmtcsKdUwGif 3uDvkdrS 15uDvkd                    ukdac:NyD; vefqkdonfrsm a&ikyfukd
          rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD; rif;bl;                wdiwef;cJ&m oufqi&mrif;bl;c½di?f
                                                       kf      h        kd f         k                 tqdkygvrf;aMumif;e,fajr            txd wyfqifrIrsm;&SdNyD; 0yf 300 qkd                       (ajratmufikyfNyD;jyefxGufvmaom
c½dkif izJNrdKUe,fwGif Mo*kwfv 12                   izJNrdKUe,f&Jpcef;u (y) 3^12 rl;^           twGi; ,cktBudrEiqygu pdw<f u
                                                                                                       f          f S hf kd               vQif ESpfayrD;acsmif; 10acsmif;xGef;                      a&xGuf)qkdvkdaMumif;ESihf erfhvefNrKdU
&ufaeYü &efukef-ppfawG rSefvHk,mOf                  pdwf yk'fr 15^19 (u)^ 21 jzifh trI          ½l;oGyfaq;rsm; oHk;BudrfcefY zrf;qD;      Ekdifum TV ? atmufpufMunhf&ef                             wGif a&ikyf&SpfckcefY&SdaMumif; touf
wpfp;ukd rouFmíppfaq;cJ&m usyf
        D                       h                   zGifhxm;aMumif; tqdkyg&JwyfzGJUpcef;        &rdaMumif; oufqdkif&m&Jpcef;xHrS          twGufqkdvQifrl 0yf 600 tm;rSom                            60 t&G,ftrsKd;om;wpfOD;u ajym
odef; 1280 wefzdk;&Sd pdwf<u ½l;oGyf                xHrSod&onf/                                 pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                         &&SdEkdifaMumif;? 0yf 600qkdvQif wpf                      Mum;onf/
aq;jym;rsm; zrf;qD;&rdcJhaMumif;
tqdkygNrdKUe,f &JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrSod&
onf/
          tqdkygaeY n 7 em&Dtcsdefu
rif;bl;c½dkif? izJNrdKUe,f? y'gef; vrf;
qHkwGif rl;,pftxl;tzGJUESifh y'gef;
                                                         pkdufysKd;p&dwfacs;aiG wpf{uwpfodef;EIef;jzifU xkwfacs;Ekdifrnfr[kwf[kqkd
                                                         aejynfawmf? Mo*kwf 15
vrf;qHk ppfaq;a&;*dwfwdkYyl;aygif;í
                                                                  awmifolv,form;rsm;tm; xkwfacs;ay;xm;aom pkdufysKd;p&dwf
oufaorsm;ESifhtwl rif;bl;-trf;
                                                         acs;aiGrsm; &mEIef;jynfhjyefvnfr&&SdonfhtwGuf v,form;rsm;tm; wpf
                      f
vrf;ay:&Sd &if;&Snarmif;wJ*dwfwGif
                                                         {uvQif usyfwpfodef;EIef;jzihf xkwfacs;Ekdifrnfr[kwfaMumif; Mo*kwfv
owif;t& ppfaq;cJhaMumif;? tqdk
                                                         15 &ufaeYwGifusif;yonfh jynfolUvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;ü v,f,mpkduf
ygvrf;aMumif;ay:ü jzwfoef;oGm;
                                                         ysKd;a&;ESihf qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD; OD;cifaZmfuajymMum;onf/
onfh,mOfrsm;tm; &yfwefY&SmazG
                                                                  awmifolv,form;rsm;tm; wpf{uusyfwpfodef;txd pkdufysKd;p&dwf
ppfaq;aepOf &efukef-ppfawG (BuH
                                                         acs;aiGxyfwkd;ay;&ef oufqkdif&m0efBuD;Xmersm;u aqmif&Gufay;Ekdifjcif;
wdkif;atmif,mOf) rSefvHk,mOfay:rS
                                                         &Sd? r&Sdywfoufonfh atmifajrompHrJqE´e,frS jynfolUvTwfawmfukd,fpm;
Mum;cHkü vdkufygvmonfh c&D;onf
                                                         vS,fOD;ukdBuD;\ar;cGef;ukd jyefvnfajzMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
apmat;ausmf\ c&D;aqmifausmydk;
                                                                  ]]2011 ckESpfrSm wpfEkdifiHvkH;u awmifolv,form;awGukd aiGusyf
      f      f
tdwtwGi; yvwfpwpfjzifxyxm;     h k f
                                                         237 'or 3 bDvD,Hacs;cJhygw,f/ tJ'Dacs;aiG[m &mEIef;jynfh jyefvnf
onfh txkyfoHk;xkyftwGif;rS (WY)
                                                         aumufcH&&Sdwmr&SdbJ 3 'or 85 bDvD,Husef&Sdaeygw,f/ xkwfacs;aiG
pmwef;yg pdwf<u½l;oGyfaq;jym;
                                                         EkdifiHawmfb@maiGjzpfwJhtwGuf qkH;½IH;cHvkdYrjzpfygbl;}}[k v,f,mpkdufysKd;a&;ESihf qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme'kwd,0efBuD; OD;cifaZmfuqkdonf/
25ç600? umvwefzdk; wpfjym;vQif
                                                                  aumufyJoD;ESHaps;EIef;rsm;usqif;jcif;? &moDOwkajymif;vJjcif;ESifh obm0ab;tEÅ&m,frsm;usa&mufjcif;aMumifh oD;EHSxGufEIef;usqif;vsuf&SdNyD;
usyf 5000 EIef;jzifh aiGusyfodef;
                                                         awmifolv,form;rsm; ESpfpOfqufwkduft½IH;ay:vsuf&Sdojzifh ,ckxkwfacs;onfh wpf{u aiGusyfig;aomif;tpm; wpfodef;wkd;jr§ifh xkwfacs;ay;
                        kd
128ç000ç000 wefz;&SNd yD; tav;csdef
                                                         oihfaMumif; jynfolUvTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f OD;ukdBuD;uqkdonf/
2560 *&rfcefYtm; oufaorsm;a&SU
                                                                  EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u pkdufysKd;p&dwfacs;aiG ESpfpOfxkwfay;vsuf&Sdaomfvnf; NrKdUBuD;rsm;ESihf tvSrf;a0;aoma'orsm;? 0efxrf;tcsKdUESihf &yfuGuf
wGif &SmazGyHkpHjzifh odrf;qnf;&rdcJh
                                                                                                                                                                                              D
                                                         tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;tcsKdU tusihfysufjcpm;rIaMumifh v,form;xHtjynfht0ra&muf&SdaMumif; rGefjynfe,fwGif v,fajr&Spf{uykdifqkdifolwpfO;u qkdonf/
aMumif;? tqdkyg aq;jym;rsm;tm;
                                                                  ]]'DESpfacs;aiGuRefawmfoGm;xkwfw,f/ rESpfu ta<u;&SdvkdYqkdNyD; rxkwfay;bl;? uRefawmfhqD aus;&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;vmawmif;vkdY aEGxJu
o,faqmifvmol apmat;ausmf
                                                         jyefqyfxm;wm}} [k ¤if;uqkdonf/
touf 21 ESpf? (b) OD;cifarmif
                                                                  ,ckESpfwGif awmifolv,form;rsm;twGuf pkdufysKd;p&dwfacs;aiG usyf 500 bDvD,Hxkwfacs;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; EkdifiHawmftpkd;&rS pkdufysKd;p&dwf
(usyef;)? &GmBuD;ajrmuf &yfuGuf?
                                                         acs;aiGukd 2008 ckESpfrSpwifum wpf{uvQif usyfESpfaomif;EIef;rS av;aomif;? ,ckig;aomif;xd wkd;jr§ifhxkwfacs;ay;xm;aMumif; v,f,mpkdufysKd;
                             f
ppfawGNrdKUaeoludk Mo*kwv 13 &uf
                                                         a&;ESihf qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD;u ajymMum;onf/
aeYwGif &JtkyfñGefY0if;u w&m;vdkjyK
    18
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                      Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




pGefhOD;wDxGifMurnfU oD;av;oD; rsKd;qufopfvli,fig;OD;
rif;xufpH? atmifatmifxGef;
                                        D f
                 i,fig;OD;\ wpfO;csi;pDwifqufaom                                                  D
                                                                    qHNk yD; jynfawmfjyefo;av;oD;\ uefawmfBuD;
                 [mojyufvkH;? trlt&mwdkYukdMunfh½I                  arQmfpifuRef;wGifjyKvkyfaom tNidrfhyGJü oD;av;
                       dI f
aeolrsm; tlvuonf;vIu&,f&iaeMuonf/      d f       T f                oD;rsKd;qufopfvli,foHk;OD;udk pwifyGJxkwfcJh
xkdvli,frsm;onf jyufvHk;[morsm;udk Zmwf                             onf/
                    k        d f
obifa&S;½d;twki; awmif&nyq;? &ifz;tusÐ     S f k dk         kH                ]]rSwfrSwf&& tJ'DyGJrSm pifay:rwufcif
                         D
wdkYudk0wfqifNy; jyufv;Hk jyufjcif;r[kway/ EkiiH          f    df   uRefawmfvufawGwkefwm vHk;0raysmufbl;/
wum&Sd [motEkynmorm;rsm;uJhodkY jrefrm                              'gayrJh yGJuwJhtcg tqifajycJhygw,f/ tJ'DyGJ
EkdifiHwGif pGefYOD;wDxGifjyufvHk;rsm;xkwfum                        rSm tuaumif;vdkYajcaxmufusKd;cJhygw,f}}[k
azsmfajzEkdif&ef BudK;pm;aeMujcif; jzpfonf/                         aus;aus;u ¤if;\tawGUtBuHKud&i;jyonf/         k S f
             ¤if;wdkYrSm oD;av;oD;rsKd;qufopf[k                               ydkYukefoGif;ukef0efaqmifrI vkyfief;udk
emrnfcHxm;onfh vli,fig;OD;jzpfonf/ xdkol                            vkyfudkifNyD;tawGUtBuHKr&SdbJ pifay:wufazsmf
      S
wdYkrm aus;aus;? 0g0g? ql;ql;? om;csKEihf bl;cg;      dS            ajzonfhtcg tqifrajyrIrsm;&Sdaomfvnf; y&d
wdkYjzpfMuonf/                                                      owf\ tm;ay;rI&&SdcJhonfhtwGuf yDwdjzpf&
             xdkodkY jyufvHk;jyuf&jcif;ESifh ywfoufí                            k
                                                                    onf[vnf; touf 27 t&G,f om;csKuajym                      d
touf 28 ESpft&G,faus;aus;u ]]qdkif;awG?                             onf/
AHkawGrygbJ uRefawmfwdkYawG[moawG xkwf                                        0g0guvnf; ]]wu,fpifay:wufawmhrS                                                          df
                                                                                                                                   olrsm;ukd obifonf? qki;orm;? &Gmpm;pojzihf                           k                       k S
                                                                                                                                                                                                     pHaxmuf tifwmydEihf jrefrmaxmufvr;a&;wdYk                           S f
EkdifMuw,f/ y&dowfawGuvnf; [moudk                                   jyufvHk;ynm[m ta&;BuD;rSef;odawmhw,f/                                               D            I
                                                                                                                                   ac:a0:rIrsm;? cs;ajr§mufrrsm;vnf; &ScMhJ uonf/  d                 ,kefukd rnfolrdrnfenf;[k NydKifMuonf/ FBI
BudKufvdkY vmtm;ay;w,fqdkwmudk jycsifwm                                           f JG       S
                                                                    yxrESpyavmufrm uReawmfjyufayr,fh y&dowf
                                                                                                      f                            ,if;tjyif ta&;wBuD;yg0if&onfrm aysmawmf       S         f         onf wyfzGJUtiftm; 50 jzifhawmeif;&Smonf/
yg}} [k &Sif;jyonf/                                                 awGu r&,fMubl;/ awmfawmfpdwfysufoGm;                           qufjzpfonf/ aysmfawmfqufonf wkdif;a&;                             rawGU? tvm;wl tifwmydkonfvnf; wyfzGJU
             touf 25 ESpft&G,f 0g0gu]]uRefawmf                      w,f/ rvkyfawmhbl;udk pOf;pm;vkdufrdw,f/                                         k
                                                                                                                                   jynfa&;vdtyfcsufrsm;udk [moaESmí jyufv;                      kH                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     tiftm; 100 jzifh a&ukea&cef;&Smjyefavonf?
wdkY 'Dvdkvkyfwm[m jrefrmhZmwfobifudk aoG                           aemufjyuf&if;eJY tqifajyvmwmyg}} [k tqif                       rsm;jzihf bk&ifBuD;udk wifjy&onf/                                 rawGU/ jrefrmaxmufvr;a&;tvSnoYkd a&mufS f                        hf
znfcsifvdkYr[kwfbl;/ uRefawmfwdkY&JU Standard                       rajyrIrsm;ESifhjzwfoef;cJh&yHkudk ajymjyonf/                                k         dk
                                                                                                                                             xdacwfxtcgu 0efBuD;rwfBuD;rsm;onf                       vmonf/ wyfzGJUtiftm;wpfa,mufrQryg/
udjk r§icsiwm/ uk,[mo vl&iawmfawG&JU Roll
           hf f            d hf               Tf                                    k d
                                                                              xdrsK;qufopfvi,frsm;udk 'kw,tBudrf
                                                                                                    l                  d           bk&ifrif;w&m;BuD;udk avQmufwif&mwGif                              FBI ESifhtifwmydkwdkY rsufvHk;jyL;um jrefrm
udkjr§ifhcsifwmyg}} [kqkdonf/                                                          Tf
                                                                    tjzpf vl&iawmft½di;ESihf vl&iawmfuif;aumif
                                                                                               kf             Tf                   tavQmufrawmfygu rif;jypfrif;'PfcH&ao;                             axmufvSrf;a&;t&m&Sdudk MunhfMuonf/ wpf
             jrefrmhZmwfobifwif rif;orD;onfom
                                         G                          wdkYu yckuúLa&ab;twGuf &efyHkaiGyGJtjzpf                       onf/ odkYaomf aysmfawmfqufrsm;ukdrl rif;                          em&Dom Mumonf/ jrefrmaxmufvSrf;a&;
                                 T f
t"dujzpfaeNyD; vl&iawmfwYkdonf yHy;oltjzpf           h kd           yGJxkwfcJhonf/                                                 jypfrif;'PfrcH&aom tcGifhxl;cH vlwef;pm;[k                        t&m&Sdonf 0uf0Hwpfaumifukd ukyfqGJeyef;
ESifhom a&S;,cifuwnf;u&Sdaejcif;jzpfonf/                                      ]]tJ'DyGJrSm vl&Tifawmfudk;a,mufygawmh               orkwfcJhMuonf/                                                      k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ½duumac:vmonf/ 0uf0xrvnf; ]]uReawmf           H HS                          f
             xdktaMumif;t&mESifh ywfoufívnf;                        tm;omcsu?f tm;enf;csuawGukd odc&ygw,f/  f       hJ                       ajymif;vJvmonfh acwfpepft& aemufyi;f            kd      ,keygcifAs/ uRefawmf,eygcifAs}}[k atmf[pf
                                                                                                                                                                                                           f                                   k f
touf 25 ESpft&G,fql;ql;u ]]uRefawmfwdkY                             rSwfrSwf&&awmh tJ'DyGJuNyD;awmh yifyef;NyD;                    wGif aysmfawmfqufrsm;udk vl&Tifawmf[lí jzpf                       avonf/
jrefrmhtpOftvmrysuatmifvnf; uMur,f/  f                              tdyfaysmfoGm;w,f}} [k touf 25 ESpft&G,f                        vmonf/ ,if;aemufrif;jypfrif;'PfrcH&aom                                    xdkjyufvHk;udk rsufESm[efrsufESmxm;
Stand up Comedian twGuvnf; vkyMf ur,f}}     f                       ql;ql;u rsufESmajymifjyum ¤if;tawGUtBuHK                             f                       T f
                                                                                                                                   aysmawmfqufac: vl&iawmfwYdk txktaxmif;                            aumif;aumif;jzifh jyufcMhJ uonftwGuf y&dowf        h
[kqkdonf/                                                           udk ajymjyonf/                                                 cHcJhMu&onfrsm;vnf;&Sdonf/                                                                    h
                                                                                                                                                                                                     rsm; txl;tm;ay;cJaomfvnf; axmufvr;a&;                                   S f
             ,if;vli,fwdkY ueOD;tpwnfcJhonfrSm                                xkdvli,frsm;onf emrnfausmf oD;av;                              oD;av;oD;rsKd;qufopf vli,fwdkYurl                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     tzGUJ url rnfonh&nf&,csufjzifh jyufconfG f                               hJ
tGefvdkif;pma&;olrsm;pkpnf;onfh y&[dw&efyHk                         oD;uJhodkY jynfolYtoHjynfolY[ef[k cH,ljcif;                                       k d f f
                                                                                                                                   tpOftvmudxe;odr;onftaejzifh wki;jynf   h            d f           udk ac:,lppfaq;cJonf[vnf; ¤if;ujyefvnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            h                    k
        JG
aiGywpfcrjS zpfonf/ xdYk aemuf ¤if;wdYk \[mo
                  k                                                 rsKd; ¤if;wdYk onfvnf; jynfoYl wYkd \ vdvm;csuf      k                 d                                kH
                                                                                                                                   \ vktyfcsufrsm;udk jyufv;rsm;jzifh axmufjy                        ajymjyonf/
              kH
jyufv;rsm;udk tGevi;wGiwif&m vlBudKufrsm;
                               f dk f f                                 k
                                                                    vdtyfcsursm;udk ajymEkiaom jynfoYl Speaker
                                                                                       f                d f                                       l          l f
                                                                                                                                   Murnf[aomcH,csuuawmh wlnaeMuonf/            D                             ,if;tjyif xkdvli,frsm;onf tvkyf
cJhonf/ vl&Tifawmfa*:ZDvmu ,if;vli,fwdkY                            jzpf&rnf[k cH,lxm;Muonf/                                                 ¤if;wdkYjyufcJhonfh jyufvHk;rsm;teufrS                  udk,fpD&Sdaomfvnf; [movl&Tifawmfvdkif;wGif
\ jyufv;kH jyufuursm;onf tvm;tvmaumif;
                            G f                                               a&S;bk&ifrsm; vufxufuwnf;uyif                        jyufvHk;wpfckudkvnf; aus;aus;u ,ckuJhodkY                         &nfrSef;csufjrifhjrihfxm;Muonf/ EkdifiHwum
rsm;&SdaeonfhtwGuf ulnDyHhydk;ay;cJhonf/                            wdkif;a&;jynf&m tajctaersm;udk bk&ifrif;                       jyefvnfajymjyonf/ ¤if;jyufcJhonfh jyufvHk;                                      J                h dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                     [moyGawmfukd urÇmEiirsm;toD;oD;rS tvSnfh
             vl&TifawmfZm*emESifh vlBudKufrsm;ae                    w&m;BuD;uodcsionftcgrsm;wGif obifyrsm;
                                                                                            f h                               JG   rSm ]awmwpfckxJodkY ,kefwpfaumifudkvTwf                           us usif;yMuNyD; EkdifiHpHk[mo0goem&Sif? ynm
onfh oD;av;oD;wdkYu xdkvli,frsm;udkawGU                                    kf
                                                                    jyKvyum yGawmfcMH uonf/ ujywD;rIwazsmajz
                                                                                          J                                f f        d f                         kH
                                                                                                                                   vkuonf/ tar&duefpaxmuf FBI ? Ekiiwum              dfH             &Sifrsm; yg0ifazsmfajzMuonf/ xdkyGJawmfwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                     jrefrmEkdifiHryg0ifao;onfhtwGuf ¤if;wdkYu
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ,if;yGJü yg0ifEkdifonftxd BudK;yrf;Mu&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                     &nfrSef;xm;Muonf/
        txufcsif;wGif; vli,frsm;uGef&uf ,m,DzGJYpnf;                                                                                                                                                         ,if;yGJawmfwGif [mojyufvHk;xkwfol
                                                                                                                                                                                                     wpfa,mufu ajymvkdufonfESifh tjcm;EkdifiH
        uav;? Mo*kwf 25
                                                                                       ö
               vlrIa&;tzGJUrsm;tcsif;csif;qufoG,fEdkif&efESifh rdrdrajz&Sif;Edkifaomudpudk ulnDEdkifonfhtzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh tcsif;csif;vufwGJajz&Sif;                                                rsm;uvnf; em;vnfMuonf/ xdowYkd ajymMu                        k l
        Edkifrnfh tajctaewpfckudkzefwD;ay;&efwdkYtwGuf txufcsif;wGif;a'oESifh csif;awmifay:&Sd vli,ftzGJUrsm;yl;aygif;um txufcsif;wGif;                                                              onfrSm t*Fvdyfbmompum;jzifhom ajymqdk
        a'o vli,frsm;uGe&ufukd Mo*kwv 21 &ufaeYwif yxrqH;tBudr,m,DzUJG pnf;cJaMumif; tqdyguGe&ufwiyg0ifonfh tzGUJ rsm;xHro&onf/
                                f            f            G          k         f           h          k      f      Gf                   S d                                                         Mujcif;jzpfonf/]]jrefrmvdkjyufvHk;vkyfzdkYwif
               txufcsif;wGif;a'oESifh csif;jynfe,f&Sd vli,frsm;awGUqHkyGJudk Mo*kwfv 21 &ufaeYu uav;c½dkif? uav;NrdKU&Sd &Sif;[kefcef;rwGif                                                                   f l           d f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                     r[kwb;/ t*FvyvygbmomjyefNyD; jyufv;                                              kH
        usif;ycJhum tqdkyguGef&ufwGif ,ckvuf&Sd txufcsif;wGif;a'oESifh csif;awmifay:&Sdvli,ftzGJU 10 zGJUyg0ifNyD; xyfrHyl;aygif;yg0ifrnfh                                                           jyufzdkY&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh rvkyfEkdifao;bl;}} [k
        tzGJUrsm;vnf; &Sdao;aMumif;? ,if;uGef&ufwGif uav;NrdKU? wrl;NrdKU? rif;uif; NrdKU? wD;wdef? wGef;ZHNrdKUwdkYrS vli,ftzGJUtpnf;rsm;? uav;                                                     ql;ql;uqkdonf/
        NrdKUay:&Sd csif;vlrsKd;tzGJUrsm;\ udk,fpm;vS,frsm;vnf;yg0ifaMumif; tqdkygtzGJUrsm;uqdkonf/                                                                                                                  d f H               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ekiiwumxd xk;azmufEi&efjyifqifae             dk f
               ]]txufcsif;wGif;a'ou NrdKU&GmawGrSm vlom;wpfOD;csif;pD&JU vHkNcHKrI? w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;rI&&Sdapa&;twGuf 0dkif;0ef;yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf                                                    aomfvnf; xdkvli,ftzGJU\ tGefvkdif; Fan
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Club zGJUNyD; pwifcJhaom &nf&G,fcsufjzpfonfh
        MuzdkYtwGuf awGUqHkcJhwmyg}} [k yGJjzpfajrmufa&;wm0efcH OD;ausmfouf0if;u ajymMum;onf/
               tqdkyguGef&uftaejzifh txufcsif;wGif;a'o&Sd wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm;ukd EdkifiHawmf\wnfqJOya'abmiftwGif;rS EdkifiHom;tcGifh                                                            y&[dwtvSLrsm;twGuf tEkynm'gejyKae
        ta&;rsm; tjynfht0&&Sdap&efESifh w&m;Oya'abmiftwGif;rS tumtuG,fay;a&;? a'otwGif;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;twGuf oufqdkif&m                                                                                      kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                     onfurl tqufrjywfvyaqmifrnfjzpfaMumif;     kf
        tmPmydkifrsm;jzifh yl;aygif;n§dEdIif;? tBuHay;aqmif&Gufa&;? a'otwGif; vlYtcGifhta&;csKd;azmufrIrsm;? twif;t"r®vkyftm;ay;cdkif;aprI                                                           0g0gu&Sif;jyonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Engineering Service ukrÜPDwGif tvkyf
        rsm;yaysmufa&;? uav;ppfom;yaysmufa&;? a'otwGif;vdktyfaom usef;rma&;qdkif&m Project rsm;ukd UN tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? oufqdkif&m
        tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh csdwfquftultnDawmif;cHay;a&;? ynma&;u@wGif rlvwef;ynmtcrJhoifMum;Edkifa&;pepfESifh a'owGif;                                                                              vk y f u k d i f a eaom touf 28 ES p f t &G , f
        ynmoifMum;a&;qdkif&m vdktyfcsufrsm;wGif n§dEdIif;ulnDaqmif&GufEdkifa&;? awmifolv,form;rsm;ta&;? tvkyform;ta&;udprsm;wGif           ö                                                         aus;aus;u ¤if;wdYktzGUJ \ BudK;pm;tm;xkwrudk                                  fI
        trSefw&m;bufrS &yfwnfaqmif&Gufay;a&;? wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm;\ pmayESifh,Ofaus;rItarGtESpfrsm; xdef;odrf;umuG,fapmifh                                                                       atmufygtwkdif;ajymMum;onf/
        a&Smufa&;ponfwdkYudk aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; yGJjzpfajrmufa&;wm0efcH OD;xm;wGrfu &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                     ]]jrefrmh tNidr?hf jrefrmhjyufv;awG b,fvkd        kH
               txufcsif;wGif;a'o vli,frsm;uGef&uf (,m,D) odkY qufoG,fvdkygu zkef;-09-400476449? Email-trphee.91@gmail.com                                                                            &Sdw,fqdkwmudk urÇmuodatmifuRefawmfwdkY
        wdkYjzpfaMumif; ,if;uGef&ufxHrSod&onf/                                                                                                                                                       BudK;pm;oGm;r,f}}
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           rif;xufpH? atmifatmifxGef;
   BUYING GUIDE
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




 Vol.8 / No.35

BOOK
                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                            The
                                                                                                                                                                                                         September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19




umwGef;&ifuGJ
ausmfol&def
            acwfumvtajctaeudk xdxd                             f d d
                                              oa&mf csurra&;qGEiaom twwf  J kd f               r@dKifwm0efukd xrf;aqmifaeolrsm;                    ,aeYqdkvQif umwGef;avmu                            f kd f            hf
                                                                                                                                                                                              rSwwirsm;ESivnf;wlonf/ ordi;                        k f
rdrdESifh oa&mfEdkifonfhtjyif pdwful;         ynmrS m rsm;pG m xl ; jcm;vS o nf /                         k
                                                                                               jzpf\/ xdowif;pmrsm;wGif owif;               wGif rsK;qufopfvi,f umwGe;q&m
                                                                                                                                                    d             l               f           ud k xif [ yf a y;aom owif ; pm
aumif;aumif;? tawG;tac:aumif;                 txl;ojzifh pepftrsKd;rsKd;atmufwif           G            f kf
                                                                                               pmtvkyvyaeMuol owif;pmq&m                    rsm; tifESifhtm;ESifh xGufay:vsuf                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                              umwGe;rsm;vnf; jzpfonf/ umwGe;f
                      J
aumif;jzifh a&;qGwwfonfh ausmo&ef     f ld    rvl;om rvGefYom aexdkifvmcJh&                    rsm;omru xdkowif;pmrsm;wGif                  &Sdonf/ ESpfaygif; 50 cefY rdrdwdkY\                                           Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                              q&mwdYk\ ESv;om;onf EdkifiHESifh
\umwGef;rsm; pkpnf;xkwfa0xm;                                      l l k
                                              aom jynfovx\cHpm;csufrsm;udk                            f
                                                                                               umwGe;jzifh wm0efxrf;aqmifaeMu               tawG ; tac: t,l t qrsm;ud k                       jynfoltwGuf tNrJxm0&toifh
jcif;jzpfonf/                                 umwGef;q&mrsm;u udk,fpm; zGifh[                  ol umwG e f ; q&mrsm;onf v nf ;                   f G f
                                                                                                                                            vGwvwvyfvyf azmfxwwifjycGihf k f                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                              &SaeMuaMumif; ausmo&e\umwGe;      f ldf                 f
            umwGef;onf pifppftm;jzifh         azmfxkwf ay;ouJhodkY&Sd\/                                                                               r&SdcJhaom umvqdk;BuD;rS                rsm;u ajymjyaeonf/
owif ; pmaumif ; wd k Y \ r&S d r jzpf        pepfq;kd 'Pfukd cg;cg;oD;oD;                                                                            vGefajrmufp ,aeYtcsdef                                odkYaomf ukefcJhonfh ESpf 20
ta&;ygaom t*Fg&yfwpfcjk zpfonf/               cHxm;&olcsnf;jzpfaeaom                                                                                  wG i f ÚmPf & nf j rif h a om           cefYu EkdifiHydkifowif;pmrsm;ay:rS
acwfumvtajctae\ tNr;D tarmuf                  aMumifh rdrdwdkYcHpm;csufudk                                                                            vli,fumwGef;q&mrsm;                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                              vly*Kd¾ v?f tzGYJtpnf;wpfcEihf taemuf   kS
rwnfhrIrsm;? vGJacsmfaeonfrsm;?               wpfenf;wpfzkH xif[yfjy                                                                                  ay:xGe;f vmonf/ ausmo&ef      f ld      EdkifiHrsm;udk tawG;tac:rygaom
a0zef a xmuf j yp&mrsm;? jyKjyif              Edkifonfhtjyif emp&mudk                                                                                 rSm xdktxJrS wpfOD;jzpf                 tqifhedrfhedrfh qJpmqefqef 0g'jzefY
      h                   h
oifonfrsm;? wnfrwfay;oifonf         h         [moESifh ajzazsmufay;                                                                                   onf/ olYvuf&mrsm;onf                    umwG e f ; rsm; a&;qG J c J h o l r sm;url
rsm;udk wpfzufom;cHomap&ef [mo                vdkufouJhodkY jzpfaejcif;                                                                                             S f
                                                                                                                                                      2007 ckEpaemufyi;wGirS  kd f f              k                f
                                                                                                                                                                                              xdpm&if;wGiryg/ tb,fpm&if;wGif
pGufí oa&mfavSmifajymif (Satire)              aMumifh umwGe;udk uav;? f                                                                               tywfpOfxkwf *sme,frsm;                  xnfh&rnfroday/
um o½kyfazmfay;aom tEkynmyg                   vlBuD;? a,musfm;? rdef;r                                                                                rSwpfqifh wjznf;jznf;                                 tcsKyfqdk&aomf pmrsufESm 15
onfh owif;pmynmtpdwftydkif;                                     f
                                              ra&G; wckww& tav;xm;                                                                                    vlodrsm;vmonf/ 2010                     ESihf 23 wGif umwGe;wpfuuxyfae  f            G f
wpfckvnf;jzpfonf/ i,fpOfuav;                  Muonf/ pmapmif? r*¾Zif;                                                                                 aemufydkif;wGif olYumwGe;          f                            f           H dS f
                                                                                                                                                                                              jcif;? umwGe;rsm;udk ykEyazmfjyay;cJh
b0 pmzwf w wf p t&G , f w d k i f ;           rsm;wGif umwGef;u@udk                                                                                   rsm; cyfpdyfpdyfawGUvm&NyD;             onfh pmapmiftrnfESifh ckESpfryg0if
aAGaqmfOD; a&G;cs,fcH&onfh pmay               OD;pGm &Smzwfavh&Sdonf/                                                                                 y&dowfuvnf; ydkodvm                     jcif ; wd k Y r S v G J v Qif ausmf o l & d e f E S i f h
trsKd;tpm;wGifvnf; yg0ifonf/                  acwf tquf q uf w G i f                                                                                  onf/ The Voice Weekly                   umwGef;&ifuGJtaMumif; pmwpfyk'f
ajym&vQif pmrzwfwwfcif t&G,f                            f
                                              umwGe;q&mrsm;onfum;                                                                                     tygt0if tjcm; emrnf                                 h
                                                                                                                                                                                              (q,fwpfaMumif;)ygaom atmfyus,f                    D
uyif uav;oli,frsm; pdw0ifpm;rI    f           EdkifiHESifh EdkifiHom;wdkYtay:                                                                                              k
                                                                                                                                                      ausmf tywfpOfxwf *sme,f                 \ trSmpmrSonf aemufq;kH pmrsuEm                     fS
t&SdqkH;rSm ta&mifawmufawmuf                  wm0efausMu\/ umwGef;                                                                                    rsm;wGif olYumwGef;rsm;udk              &Sd xGuf&SdNyD; pmtkyfaMumfjimrsm;txd
o½kyfazmfykHrsm;? ½kyfjyrsm;ESihf umwGe;f     q&mwdkY\ ÚmPf&nfjrifh                                                                                   apmifhzwfaeaom y&dowf                   ,lwwfvQif ynm,lp&m? awG;awm
t½kyfrsm;[k qdkEdkifonf/                                   h
                                              vQif jrifovdk ¤if;wdYk a&;qGJ                                                                           u xk x nf B uD ; oxuf                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                              rSwom;p&m? tyef;ajz &,farmp&m?
            xkdYtjyif pma&;wwfolwdkif;?       aomumwGef;rsm; ydkí xdrd                                                                                BuD ; vmonf / umwG e f ;                pdwfauseyfp&m umwGef;ESihf pmrsm;
          f JG       l kd f
t½kyqwwfowi; rjrifEi?f rawG;   kd             wwfonf/                                          wpfenf;tm;jzifh owif;pmq&mrsm;               onf wpfuGufqdkwpfuGuf xdxdrdrd                    csnf;jzpfonf/ EdkifiHESifh jynfolvlxk
  k f                        d
Edionfh ½Iaxmif?h tjrifrsK;udk oa&mf                   ,cifowif;pmvGwvyfci&pOf   f G hf dS     [k qduqdEionf/ t*Fvyvqyg
                                                                                                     k k kd f             d f kd kd         oa&mf avSmifajymif? o½kyfazmfonf                  udk owif;pmwm0ef? azsmfajza&;
        f kd f kd
csuyiyijf zifh [moaESmNyD; o½kyazmf     f                            J hJ
                                              umvu a&;qGcaom umwGe;f trsm;pk                   u Cartoon Journalist rsm;jzpfMu                 k                 I l
                                                                                                                                            qdaomf jim; zwf½owYkdu zwfvYkdr0/                                    J
                                                                                                                                                                                              wm0ef yl;wGxrf;aqmifay;ol umwGe;f
jyaom tqifhjrifh tEkynmzefwD;rI                                 k f
                                              rSm aeYpOfxwowif;pmrsm;wGif awGY                                       kf
                                                                                               onf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh wdi;jyKjynfjyK          tm;r&Edkif/ qufNyD; zwfcsifaeMu                   ausmfol&defESifh pmaumif;ayrGefrsm;
wpfcktjzpfvnf; pmayavmuwGif                   Edkifonf/ owif;pmrsm;onfum;                             f
                                                                                               umwGe;rsm;tjyif a0zefqef;ppfaom              onf/ xdkqE´udk ausmfol&def\ ,ck                   udk oyfoyf&yf&yf? vSvSyy tNrJ
todtrSwfjyK ae&may;jcif;cHxm;&                EdkifiHawmf\ tcsKyftjcmtmPmBuD;                  tjrif? tjyKoabmtjrifwYkjd zifh oa&mf         pmtkyfu jznfhqnf;ay;Edkifonf/                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                              xkwa0wwfonfh yif0g;½kpmaywdYk\             H
onf/ acwfumvESifhvnf; tyfpyf                  okH;&yfudk jynfolvlxkESifh EdkifiHawmf                            J
                                                                                               avSmifajymifa&;qGaom umwGe;rsm;  f           ausmf o l & d e f \ umwG e f ; rsm;rS m           apwem udk todtrSwjf yKxkuonf/                 d f
qDavsmf? tqDt ai:rwnfhrIvnf;                      k f
                                              ud,pm; apmifMh unf?h a0zef? tBuHjyK?             udk zefwD;&if; owif;pmwm0efxrf;                                   kfH
                                                                                                                                            onfbufacwf Edii\tajymif;tvJ                       a&mif ; aps; 1500 usyf [ k yk H E S d y f
ay:vGif? [mo &ocHpm;apEdkifNyD;                                         h
                                              axmufjy? wnfrwfay;&onfh pwkw¬                    aeMuolrsm;jzpfonf/                           rsm;pG m ud k rS w f w rf ; wif a y;aom           xm;onf/


     New Books                                                                                   New Books                                                                       New Books
                              tajymif;tvJumv                                                                       ppfESifU rsuf&nf                                                          tNrJwrf;vSae&r,fU
                                 OD;aqmifrI                                                                                cifjrifUatmif
                                                                                                                   xkwfa0wkduf- pHy,fpmtkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                             rdef;rwpfa,mufESifU
                                             cifyyvif;
                               xkwfa0wkduf- HR Publishing
                                                                                                                        wefzdk; - 2000
                                                                                                                               um*spf trsKd;om;pma&;
                                                                                                                                                                                             vufa&G;pif0w¦Kwdkrsm;
                                              House
                                                                                                                  q&m           Chinghiz Aitmatov &J U                                                          ykncif
                                         wefzdk; - 1500
                                                                                                                      Mother Earth udk jrefrmjyefqdk                                             xkwfa0wkduf- ykncifpmay
                                           tajymif;tvJumv pDrH                                                        xm;wJhpmtkyfyg/ 'DpmtkyfrSm                                                     wefzdk; - 1200
                                cef Y cG J r I a wG e J Y ywf o uf N yD ;                                             yg0ifwJh trSmpmawGudk zwf½HkeJY                                            Fashion Image eJY uvsm
                                refae*smawG? yk*Kd¾ vfwpfO;csif; D                                                                  f
                                                                                                                      wif 'Dpmtky&UJ taMumif; tusO;f rQ                                   r*¾Zif;rSm azmfjycJhzl;wJh 0w¬Kwdk
  eJY tzGJUtkyfpkawG vufudkifxm;&r,fhenf;vrf; 24 csufudk                        od&SdEkdifygvdrhfr,f/ 'D0w¬K[m ppfted|m½HkeJY raumif;qdk;0g;rI               awG yg0ifwJhtjyif b,frSmrS yHkESdyfrazmfjy&ao;wJh 0w¬Kwdk
  t"du tkypo;ck cGjJ cm;azmfjyxm;wmrdYk ]aumfy&wf pGr;aqmif
              f k kH                                     kd d  f                awGukd azmfjya&;om;jc,frIef;xm;wJh ppfqefYusifa&;0w¬K                        topfvnf; yg0ifwm awGU&ygw,f/ yg;yg;vsm;vsm; yHkpHrsKd;
  &nf awmufajymifaprnfh 0efxrf;vufpGJ} vdkYvnf; 'Dpmtkyf                                                  k k                D    h
                                                                                jzpfovdk urÇmudk pd;rd;zdYk tBuHeYJ ppfr;arT;cJwhJ zufqpftmPm&Sif            eJY xGuf&SdvmwmrdkY cyfvG,fvG,f tdwfaqmifxm;NyD;vnf;
  udk nTefxm;aMumif; bmomjyefolu qkdygw,f/ Manag-                               [pfwvm&JU qdkAD,uftay:usL;ausmfppf? *smref emZDawG&JU                        zwfvdkY&Ekdifygw,f/
  ing in Times of Change qdkwJh pmtkyfrSm tcef;pOftvdkuf                        &ufpufrIawGeJY ½k&Sm;wpfEkdifiHvHk;&JU ckcHa&;ppfyGJ aemufcH0w¬K                      tNrJwrf;vSae&r,fh rdef;rwpfa,muf? uGufvyfrsm;
  azmfjyxm;wJhtaMumif;t&mawGjzpfNyD; rl&if;pma&;olu                             jzpfw,fvdkY NzdK;xdef&JU trSmpmrSm qdkxm;ygw,f/                                                                       kd       kd
                                                                                                                                                             taMumif;? jcm;em;jcif;? >cif;csuf? rSYJqwhJ 0w¬Kwaygif; ig;yk'f
  Michael D.Maginn jzpfygw,f/ 0efxrf;awG? OD;aqmifolawG                                   'Djrefrmjyefpmtkyukd xkwa0&jcif;&JU&nf&,csuuu ppfukd
                                                                                                              f     f                 G f f kd                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                             yg0ifygw,f/ tNrJwrf;vSae&r,fh rde;rwpfa,mufu topf
  eJY vkyfief;wpfckrSm yg0ifywfoufolawGwdkif; tajymif;tvJ                         k kd
                                                                                ydr&UHG &Smrke;wD;apNyD; pmzwfoawG&UJ &ifxJ urÇmppfwm;qD;vkwqE´?
                                                                                               f                  l                            d hJ                       f hJ
                                                                                                                                                             jzpfNyD; usew0w¬KwdawGuawmh azmfjyzl;NyD;om;awGyg/ 'D0w¬K
                                                                                                                                                                                 k
  eJY BuHKwJhtcg toHk;0ifEkdifwJh taMumif;t&mawG jzpfwm                                   d                             kd hJ d f         f
                                                                                urÇmNh ir;f csr;f a&;udk rjzpfrae&,lvwpw"mwfrsm; &SioefBuD;xGm;              wdkawGyg0ifwJh r*¾Zif;awGudkrzwf&ao;olawG? ykncif0w¬K
  awGUrSmyg/                                                                    vmapzdYkjzpfaMumif; xkwa0olu trSmpmrSm a&;xm;ygw,f/
                                                                                                                f                                                           f l
                                                                                                                                                             awGukd BudKuoawGtwGuf tqifajyygvdrhfr,f/
   20
   VOICE
 The




               PRODUCT
                        BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                                       PRODUCT
                                                                                                                                                                                     Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




  txl;aps;eJh                                                                                                                             U.S         u wkduf½kdufoGif;vmwJU zuf&Sif
  0,fvdkh&r,fU                                                                                                                            df
                                                                                                                                jrefrmEkiiH
                                                                                                                      u zuf&Sifqdkif
                                                                                                                                  S
                                                                                                                      trsm;pkrm 'DuaeY
Vodafone                                                                                                              a&mif;aewJh zuf&if
                                                                                                                      tokH;taqmif
                                                                                                                                             S

858 Smart                                                                                                             awGu w½kweYJ
                                                                                                                      xdi;u vmwm
                                                                                                                         k f
                                                                                                                                           f
         tckacwfxJrSm ESpfodef;wef                                                                                    rsm;w,f/ emrnf
GSM zkef;awGxGufvmNyD; aemufydkif;                                                                                    ausmf trS w f
rSm Handset awGuvnf; ra&rwGuf                                                                                                df
                                                                                                                      wHqyawGawmif
  d f                   G f    kd
Ekiatmif jrefrmjynfwi;xJu0ifa&muf                                                                                     xdkif;eJY w½kwf
vmygw,f/ tJ'DtxJrSm Android OS eJY                                                                                    puf ½ k H a wG u yJ
       k          f
toH;jyKxm;wJh zke;awGu ydNk yD;0ifa&mufvmum                         vdkY zkef;0,f,l&ifawmh 2 GB Memory SD Card        csKyfNyD; wpfqifh0ifvmwm/ tar&durSm 'DaeY           abmif;bD? a&Smhyifef? zdeyf tp&SdwJh zuf&Sif
aomif;*Pef;uae ajcmufodef;avmuftxd                                     k                       hJ
                                                                    udtcrJh ay;oGm;rSmjzpfwtjyif Myanmar Font,        vli,ftrsm;pk 0wfaeMuwJh zuf&Sifypönf;               ypönf;awG oD;oefYa&mif;ay;wJh qdkifav;
aps;&Sdwwfygw,f/ tckajymjyay;csifwmu                                Game Application awG u d k v nf ; tcrJ h          awGawmif w½kwfeJY wjcm;EdkifiHawG&JU vuf&m          wpfqkdif zGifhvmwmawGUvkdY vrf;nTefvkdufyg
awmh aomif;*Pef;eJY 0,f,lvdkY&r,fh zkef;av;                               h Gf                             f
                                                                    xnfoi;ay;oGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/ aps;EIe;uawmh          rsm;w,f/ yGifhvif;pjyKvmwJh jrefrmEkdifiHrSm        w,f/ tar&dujzpfa&m? tar&duefwHqdyf
udk ajymjyay;csifwmyg/ olY&JU Chipset uawmh                         ckepfaomif;usyfeJY a&mif;csay;NyD; Application    tckqkd Ediiwum zuf&iypön;awG awmfawmf
                                                                                                                                    k f H         S f f                   vufwiftar&duvkyfa&m? tjcm;EkdifiHjzpfa&m
Qualcomm MSM 7225 jzpfNyD; CPU u 528                                awGudk pHkatmifxnfhoGif;ay;rSmjzpfwJhtwGuf        rsm;rsm; awGUae&NyDqayr,fh tJ'zuf&iypön;
                                                                                                                                               dk       D  S f    f       okH;pm;&SdNyD; tar&duuae wpfydkifwpfEdkif
MHz ARM 11 &SdwJhtwGuf Touch Screen                                 oifhwifhwJhaps;EIef;vdkYqdk&rSmyg/ My Mobile      awGu wu,fa&m tJvdkEdkifiHawGrSm xkwwm    f          o,fvmNyD; qdkifzGifha&mif;wmvkdY qkdw,f/
   k f
ydi;rSm t&rf;raumif;&ifawmifrS tweftoifh                            No.92 bk e f ; BuD ; vrf ; ? tv,f b avmuf ?       [kwf&JUvm;vdkY ar;p&m&Sdw,f/ txl;ojzifh             rdef;uav;0wf? a,musfm;av;0wf Bud K uf
&Sdygw,f/ OS Version uawmh Android OS                               pHjy½kyf&Sif½HkteD;? vrf;rawmfNrdKUe,f? zkef; -   tar&duefvkyfppfppfqdkwm tifrwefenf;yg               ESpfouf&m pdwfBudKufa&G;0,fvdkY&w,f/
             k
udk V.2.2 toH;jyKxm;NyD; Memory taeeJY 32 GB                        01-225649? 09-5129229 okdY qufoG,f                w,f/ tar&duefvkyfqkd&ifvnf; ukdvHbD,m               vdyfpm
txd xnhfoGif;NyD; toHk;jyKvdkY&rSmyg/ wu,f                          ar;jref;0,f,lvdkY&rSmyg/                          wkdY? ruúqDukdwkdYrSm&SdwJh puf½kHuaexkwf           PAC
                                                                PRODUCT                                               wmrsm;w,f / rMumao;cif u &ef u if ;                 Pacific Accessories and Clothing
                                                                                                                      ausmufue;f rSm tar&du uae wdkuf½dkufoGif;
                                                                                                                                      k                                   trSwf-33? ausmufukef;vrf;rBuD;? &efuif;
                rD;pm;oufomw,fqkdwJU                                            LED TV                                vmwJh OD;xkyf? &Syf? wD&Syf? pydkY&Syf? *sif;       NrdKUe,f? &efukef? zkef;-09-73880088

                                                                                                                                         PRODUCT
     'D LED TV u rD;tm;pm;oufomapwJh
Eco SENSOR enf;ynmeJY xkwfxm;wmrdkY

                                                                                                                         cE¨mudk,frSm
                                                                                                                       tqDcJawGpkaevm;
                                                                                                                              uaeYacwf&JU0wfpm;qif,ifrIyHkpHrSm
                                                                                                                      twkdawG tjywfawGudk pdwfqE´trsKd;rsKd;
                                                                                                                      eJY trsKd;orD;? trsKd;om;ra&G;0wfqifae
                                                                                                                      MuwmawGU&rSmyg/ vGwfvyfayghyg; oufom
                                                                                                                      acsmifcsdcsifvdkYyJjzpfjzpf? acwfrDw,fvkdY,lqvdkY
                                                                                                                      yJjzpfjzpf 0wfqifMuwmjzpfayr,fh ae&ma&G;zdkY?
                                                                                                                      prwf u sus0wf z k d Y ? jrif a e&wJ h a e&m vS y    olawGtwGufvnf; tqifajyEkdifygw,f/
rDwmcudk oufomapr,fvYkqw,f/ SAMSUNG
                               d kd                                 em;qifcHpm;EkdifrSmyg/
                                                                                       USB INPUT yg0ifvkdY            aooyfaezdkYvnf; t"duusygao;w,f/                                                           d dk f
                                                                                                                                                                          aps;EIe;f uawmh oufomw,frqkEiayr,fh prf;oyf
trSwfwHqdyfjzpfNy;D armf',fvfeHygwfu 2012                           MOVIES, VIDEO, PHOTO, MUSIC pwJh                          tcknTefay;rSmu twdkawG? tusyfawG            MunfhEkdifwJhtcGifhta&;awmh ay;xm;ygw,f/
ckESpfxkwf UA 32 EH 4000R (SERIES 4)                                    f
                                                                    azsmajza&;awGuvnf; TV rSm cswqufo;Ekif
                                                                                  kd            d f  kH d             0wfcsiw,f? 'gayrJh ajcovH;? Aku?f vufarmif;
                                                                                                                               f                      k d                            tJ'guawmh NU SKIN trSwfwHqdyf
trsKd;tpm;yg/ 32 vufr jzpfygw,f/ LED                                rSmyg/ aps;EIef;u usyfESpfodef;ckepfaomif;yg/     povkdae&mrsKd;rSm tqDcJawG&SdvkdY pdwftaESmihf      Body Spa pufwpfrsKd;yg/ Ageloc Galvanic
TV jzpfwmrdkY jywfom;wduswJh½kyfxGufudkjrif&                        MULTI GENERATION ELECTRONICS                      t,Sufjzpfae&w,fqdkolawG toHk;wnfhEkdif              pD;&D;eJYxkwfwmjzpfNyD; 'D Body Spa pufudk
rSmyg/                                                              WHOESALES CENTRE trSwf 580-512?                   r,fhypönf;rsKd;yg/ 'grSr[kwf tJ'Dvkd t0wf           Ageloc Body Shaping Gel eJY wGJoHk;&rSmyg/ 'D
       toH y d k i f ; ud k v nf ; SRS THEATRE                      o&zDuGef'dk? ukefonfvrf;eJY qdyfurf;om                                        f    k hf
                                                                                                                      tpm;0wfcsifvYkd r[kwbJ ud,&UJ cE¨mud,ay:   k f      Body Spa pufudk vnfyif;utp ajczsm;
SOUND & DOLBY DIGITAL PLUS eJ Y                                     vrf;axmifh? ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f? &efukef/         rSm vdar®mo;cGvkd tqDcJ (Cellulite) awG yaysmuf
                                                                                                                                  f D H                                   tqHk; cE¨mudk,fwpfckvHk;rSm oHk;Ekdifygw,f/
wnfaqmufxm;vdkY tdrfwGif;½kyf&Sif½HkozG,f                              f
                                                                    zke;- 09-73240123 rSm 0,fvYd&ygw,f/
                                                                                                k                                                       k
                                                                                                                      apvdNk yD; tom;ta&wif;&if;½Houfouf tvkd&Sd                     'Dpufu tqDcJawGacszsufEkdifr,fhtjyif
                                                                                                                                                                          Body Massage tjzpfoHk;EkdifNyD; aoG;vnfywfrI
                                                      SHOP
                                                                                                                                                                                                    k f
                                                                                                                                                                          aumif;apwm? cE¨mud,vef;qef;ayghyg;apwm?
                                                                                                                                                                          &ifom;wif;&if;vSyapwm povkd ae&mrsK;awG                d

       &moDOwkeJh vkdufzufwJUtpm;tpm                                                                                                                                                k df
                                                                                                                                                                          rSm oH;Ekiygw,f/ txl;ojzifh Adu?f vufarmif;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                                                                                          aygif pwJtqDrsm;aewJae&mawG rSmoH;r,fqdk
                                                                                                                                                                                         h
                                                                                                                                                                          uspfvspfoGm;rSm jzpfw,fvkdY qkdygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k

                aeYwi;vkvdk rk;u&Gmaewm awGU&vdYk
                      kd f d d                                      NrdKUe,f? A[dkvrf;ay:?                                                                                           'D Body Spa pufeJY Gel udk wGJoHk;NyD;&if
       rdk;at;at;xJ acR;jyefoGm;atmif ylyl                          tm&Sawmf0ifaq;½HkteD;?                                                                                Ageloc Dermatics Effects Lotion udkoHk;ay;&
       avmavmav;eJY cyfpyfpyf tpm;tpmav;                            rif ; vrf ; eJ Y rsuf E S m csif ;                                                                    rSmyg/ tJ'D Lotion u a&"mwfjznfhay;rSmyg/
       awGpm;csifMuolawGtwGuf emrnfausmf                            qkdifrSm xyfzGifhvkdufwmyg/                                                                           'D Body Spa pufudk0,fr,fqkd Gel &,f Lo-
       &ckdifrkefYwDqkdifudknTefay;wmyg/ pm;oHk;ol                  'DqkdifrSm jrefrmrkefYrsKd;pHk?                                                                       tion &,f wpfpHkyg0ifrSmjzpfNyD; tNyD;tpD; usyf
       awGMum; a&yef;pm;trsm;qH;ESpoufMuwJh        k f              vufnpf&ckireYwD (t&nf?
                                                                               § dfkf                                                                                     ajcmufodef;cGJusoifhygw,f/ ukefoGm;vkdY Gel
       wkdif;&if;om;½dk;&mtpm;tpmvdkYqdkvdkuf&if                    toky)? cH;a,mufr ? a&b0J
                                                                             f k                                                                                          jzpfjzpf? Lotion jzpfjzpfxyf0,fr,fqkd wpfbl;
       &Srf;eJY &ckdiftpm;tpmawGqdkwm odMurSm                       pwJh yifv,fpm tpm;tpm                                                                                             f              JD
                                                                                                                                                                          udk usyajcmufaomif;cGpay;&rSmyg/ puf0,f&if;
       trSeygyJ/ tJ'gaMumifh ylypyfpyftpm;tpm
             f                                   l                  rsKd;pHk? toD;azsmf&nfrsm; povdk tpm;tpm          oli,fcsif;awG pkzGJUNyD; pm;aomufvdk&if             Lotion a&m Gel a&m xyfNyD; rsm;rsm;0,fr,fqkd
       awGudk BudKufESpf oufMuolawGtwGuf                            awGudk pm;oHk;Edkifygw,f/ 'Dqkdif&JU wpfck        vnf ; ae&mxk d i f c if ; u twef t oif h                f              d                d
                                                                                                                                                                          EIe;xm;wpfrsK;eJYa&mif;ay;rSmrsK;vnf;&Sygw,f/      d
       'Dwpfywf prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,frSm zGifhxm;wJh                  xl;jcm;csufu NcH0if;us,fBuD;xJrSm zGifhvSpf       us,f0ef;vSwmrdkY tqifajyapEkdifrSmyg/                          pdwf0ifpm;vkdY 0,fcsifw,f? 'grSr[kwf
       rif;vrf;vufn§pf&ckdifrkefYwDeJY yifv,fpm                     xm;wmrdkY oD;oD;oefYoefY&SdNyD; qlnHoHawG         bwfpum;*dweYJ enf;enf;vSr;wJae&mrSm
                                                                                                                             f         f           f h                    tao;pdwfar;jref;csifw,fqkd&if DR.NAGA
       tpm;tpmqkdifudk nGefay;&jcif;yg/                             enf;NyD; at;at;vlvl xkdif&wJhtjyif um;&yf         wnf&Sdaeayr,fhvnf; tcsuftcsmuswJh                   CO., LTD. wkduf B4? tcef; G-3? a&T*kPfol
                &ef u k e f r S m qk d i f c G J t awmf r sm;rsm;   zdkYvnf; ae&mus,fus,f0ef;0ef;&Sdwm awGU&          ae&mrSm &SdwmrdkY tvG,fwul &SmvdkYawGU                    f          f               dk
                                                                                                                                                                          tdr&m? [kr;vrf;? Munfjh rifwiNf rdKUe,f? &efue/          kf
       zGifhvSpfvmwJh rif;vrf;qkdifu prf;acsmif;                    ygw,f/ rdom;pkvkduf 'grSr[kwf rdwfaqG             Ekdifygvdrhfr,f/                                    zk e f ; -09-5195103? 09-5041366 eJ Y
                                                                                                                                                                          wwh642@gmail.com udk qufo,Eirmyg/          G f dk f S
  Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                             POLITICS                                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 21




or®wMuD;OD;odef;pdef 0efBuD;tajymif;ta&TY ESifU ajzavQmUrIrsm;wpfNyKdifeufjyKvkyf
&efukef? Mo*kwf 30
                                             fonf H                      f        k qif
              iHawmfor®wBuD;OD;odef;pdeonf ok;&uftwGi; jynfaxmifptqifh&mxl; 30 ukd tajymif;tvJjyKvkyjcif;               fjcif                                       ykrcirmNy; tiftm;&Satmif aqmif&uf
                                                                                                                                                                      d dk dk f D        d              G                               b@ma&;ESiYf tcGe0efBuD;Xme  f
   Edkif                                       d f H m;rsm;uk
              ESihf trnfysufpm&if;0if jrefrmEkiiom;rsm;ukd tqkdygpm&if;rSy,fzsufí jynfawmfjyefvmcGifhjyKvkdufjcif;                                                                   k l
                                                                                                                                                                    jcif;jzpfonf[,qaomfvnf; trsK;d                              'kwd,0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyfcH&ol
wkdYukd wpfNyKdifeufjyKvkyfcJhonf/                                                                                                                                             dk          f
                                                                                                                                                                    om;'Drua&pDtzGUJ csKyrS jynfoYl vTwf                        a'gufwmarmifarmifor;url 'kw,    d f     d
           Ekiiawmf or®w½k;H \ Mo*kwv ynm&Siftrsm;pkyg0ifcNhJ yD; trsKd ;orD; olrsm;u oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
             dfH                         f                                                                                                                          awmfukd,fpm;vS,f OD;0if;xdefurl                                               f         H J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0efBuD;tjzpfceYtyfcch&onfhowif;
27? 28? 29 &ufaeYwYwif xkwjf yefcsuf av;OD;ukyg 'kw,0efBuD;tjzpf xyfrH
                           kd G                             d        d                                dfH
                                                                                                    Ekiiawmfor®w\ jynfaxmifpk                                       ]]0efBuD;tajymif;tvJu rsm;vGef;                             ukd n 8 em&D owif;xkwfjyefcsdefrS
                                                        h          k
rsm;t& jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;ukd;OD;udk cefYtyfcJ&m tpd;&tzGJUwGif trsKd ;orD; tqifh0efBuD;? 'kwd,0efBuD;rsm;                                                           tm;BuD;ygw,f/ or®w½kH;rSm 0efBuD;                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                od&jdScif;jzpfaMumif;ESihf Mo*kwv 31&uf
                                                          D
ae&majymif;a&TUcefYxm;cJhNyD; 'kwd, ajcmufO;txd &SvmcJNh yDjzpfonf/    d                ajymif;vJrEihywfoufí jynfaxmifpk
                                                                                                        ISf                                                                                  fS
                                                                                                                                                                    ajcmufa,muf bmvkyrmvJ/ 'kw,       d                         aeYwGif aejynfawmfokdY oGm;a&muf
0efBuD; 18 OD;udk topfcefYxm;cJonf/    h              trnfysufpm&if;rS y,fzsufí BuHcia&;ESihzUHG NzKd;a&;ygwD taxGaxG
                                                                                             h dk f       f                                                                       JS         f
                                                                                                                                                                    0efBu;D awGxrm ynm&SiawGygvmwm                              rnfjzpfaMumif; The Voice Weekly okYd
           xl;jcm;csutaejzifh ae&majymif; jrefrmEkdifiHokdY jyefvmcGifhjyKol 935 twGif;a&;rSL; OD;aX;OD;u tpkd;&tzGJY
                         f                                                                                                                                          aumif;ygw,f}} [k qkdonf/                                    ajymMum;onf/
        hJ                      k
a&TUcHcaomjynfaxmifp0efBuD;rsm;wGif OD;wGif rkd;oD;ZGef? a'gufwmpdef0if;?
av;OD;rSm EdkifiHawmfor®w½kH;wGif a'gufwmEkiatmifpaom Ekiia&;e,f
cefYxm;cJjh cif;jzpfNyD; ,cifjyefMum;a&; y,fry*Kd¾ vrsm;omru a':rmrmat;
                      f
0efBuD; OD;ausmqef;udvnf; or0g,r paom tEk y nm&S i f y k * ¾ d K vf r sm;yg
                              k
                                                     Sk f
                                                              df             dfH
                                                                                                                       rD'D,mMum;emrIrS&&Sdcsufrsm; trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|xHwifjyrnf
0efBu;D XmeodYk ajymif;a&TUcefYtyfcJhonfudk yg0ifcJhonfukd awGU&onf/                    &efukef? Mo*kwf 29
azmfjyyg&Sdonf/                                                                  kfH
                                                      ,if;tajymif;tvJrsm;rSmEdiiawmf                owif;rD'D,morm; 500 OD;                                                            d          f
                                                                                                                                                                    udk trsK;om;vTwawmfOuú|xH wifjy                             udk jyifzdkYvdkygw,f}} [k awmifol
                    f                                            d         kfH
           Mo*kwv 28 &ufaeY xkwjf yef or®w\ 'kw,tqifh Ediia&;vrf;jy ausmf vuf r S w f a &;xd k ; xm;aom                                                             rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfowY\wdiMf um;pm l kd k                   v,form;rsm;ESifh jynfwGif;jynfy
csufwGif jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyf ajryHkjzpfaom jrefrmEdkifiHa&;jzpfpOf xkwfjyefcsufckepfcsufESifhywfoufí                                                          ESifh toem;cHpmqdi&m aumfrwDOuú|kf                          tvkyform;rsm;qdkif&m aumfrwD
ESifhwuG 0efBuD;ESpfOD;udk &mxl;rS wGif EdkifiHa&;tiftm;pktm;vHk; yg0if trsK;om;vTwawmfOuú|\wm0efay;
                                                                                               d            f                                                       OD;atmifNidrf;u ajymMum;onf/                                Ouú| a'gufwmjrifMh unfu qdonf/      k
     f G fG             D d          D     D
Ekwxucijhf yKcNhJ y; 'kw,0efBu;wpfO; Edkifa&;ESifh tm;aumif;onfh tpdk;& csuft& vTwfawmfa&;&maumfrwD                                                                               ]]vTwawmfOuú|qDukd wifrmyg/
                                                                                                                                                                                            f                            S                     hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ,ckuoYkd a&;&maumfrwDOuú|
ukd ae&majymif;a&TUcefYxm;cJhonf/              tzGJYjzpfvmapa&;twGuf tpdk;&\ ig;ckrS Ouú|rsm;u Mo*kwv 29 &uf        f                                               'DuawGU&Sdcsuf? cifAsm;wdkY&JUoabm                          rsm;udk,fwdkif yg0ifaom rD'D,mudpö
                 d
           'kw,0efBuD; 18 ae&m topf rl0g'ESifhrudkufnDolrsm;ESifh vrf;cGJ aeYwGif rD'D,mtcsKdUrSwm0ef&Sdolrsm;                                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                    xm;awGtm;vH; pkpnf;NyD; wifrmyg/                   S        Mum;emrIrSm yxrqHk;jzpfaMumif;
cefYtyf wm0efay;tyf&mwGif t&yfom; jcif;jzpfaMumif; EdkifiHa&;avhvm udac:,lMum;emcJ&m ,if;rS&&Scsursm;
                                                                                           k                  h       d f                                           aumfrwD&UJ wm0eft& wifrmyg/ vTwf          S                 tqdkygaumfrwDOuú|rsm;xHrS od
                                                                                                                                                                    awmfu 'geJYywfoufNyD; bmquf                                 &onf/
                                                                                                                                                                            f            kd
                                                                                                                                                                    vkyrvJqwmuawmh rodygbl;}} [k                                        ,if;Mum;emrIoYkd pmaypdppfEihf    S
    vlhtcGifUta&;aumfr&SifOya'Murf; 0efBuD;Xmersm;\                                                                                                                 ¤if;uqdkonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                  jrefrmEdkifiH\vTwfawmfoHk;&yf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rSwfyHkwifXmerS 'kw,ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                csKyf OD;wifhaqG? owif;vGwfvyfcGifh
                                                                                                                                                                    teuf wpfckjzpfaom trsKd;om;                                 aumf r wD ? jref r mEd k i f i H o wif ; pm
    oabmxm;awmif;rnf                                                                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                    vTwawmf\aumfrwDwpf&yfjzpfonfh
                                                                                                                                                                                   l kd k
                                                                                                                                                                    jynfowY\wdiMf um;pmESihf toem;cHpm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                q&mrsm;or*¾? jrefrmEdkifiH owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                orm;rsm;uGe&uf? xkwa0cGihf ,m,D
&efukef? Mo*kwf 30                                                                                                                                                  aumfrwDu rD'D,mESifhywfoufí                                 &yfqdkif;cHcJh&aom Envoy *sme,f?
         jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf w G i f                 Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/                           aomfvnf; aumfr&SiftaeESifhrl EkdifiH            k
                                                                                                                                                                    wdiMf um;pmtay: yxrqH;Mum;emrI              k               The Voice Weekly ESifh vQyfwpfjyuf
twnfjyKqHk;jzwf&rnfh jrefrmEkdifiH                                    Oya'wpfcjk yKpjk cif;? jyifqifjcif;              awmfor®w½kH;uvufcHí vTwfawmf                 udk Mo*kwfv 29 &ufaeY rGef;wnfh                             *sme,fwdkYudkvnf; zdwfac:cJhonf/
trsKd;om;vlUtcGita&;aumfr&Si\
                       hf               f                                     f
                                                               rsm;jyKvkyygu Oya'jy|mef;csuwif        f G              odkYwifoGif;um tjrefqHk;NyD;&efarQmf         12 em&DwGif trsKd;om;vTwfawmf                                       ]]'guRefawmfwdkYowif;rD'D,m
Oya'Murf;wGiyg0ifywfoufaeonfh
                   f                                           yg0ifonfh 0efBu;D Xmersm;\oabmxm;                       vifhaMumif; vlYtcGifhta&;aumfr&Sif           taqmiftrSwf I.18 ü jyKvkyconf/                f hJ          eJYywfoufvdkY vTwfawmfu yxr
oufqi&m0efBuD;Xmersm;\ oabm
          dk f                                                 awmif;cHjcif;jyKvy&jcif;rSm tpOftvm
                                                                                  kf                                   twGi;a&;rSL;u Oya'Murf;wifoi;
                                                                                                                             f                           G f                      ]]uRefawmfwdkYudk,fwdkifvTwf                  OD;qHk;tBudrf ta&;w,laqmif&Guf
xm;awmif;cHum EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk;                              yifjzpfaMumif; OD;ppfNrdKifuqkdonf/                     a&;ESihfywfoufonfhvkyfief;pOfudk                             kd
                                                                                                                                                                    awmfqawmh toHawG em;axmif&w,f/                              wmygyJ/ owif;vGwfvyfcGifhaumf
odkY ay;ydkYoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;                                   ]]Oyrm - tusO;f axmifawGMunhf                    qufvufajymMum;onf/                           owif;vGwfvyfcGifh&SdzdkYtwGufvnf;                           rwD&JU awmif;qdkcsufckepfcsufxJu
aumfr&SifxHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                ½Ippfaq;cGifhqkd&if jynfxJa&;0efBuD;                                       k T f
                                                                                                                             jynfaxmifpvwawmfu jrefrm                         f               kd f kd
                                                                                                                                                                    uReawmfwYkdu,wif BudK;pm;aew,f}                             yxrES p f c suf u d k v nf ; csuf c sif ;
         ZlvdkifvtwGif;u vlYtcGifh                             XmeeJYqiw,f/ olYoabmygvkw,f}}
                                                                         dk f                     d                    EkiitrsK;om;vlYtcGita&;aumfr&Sif
                                                                                                                         dfH d               hf                     [k EdkifiHom;rsm;\rlvtcGifhta&;?                            aqmif&Gufay;cJhNyD;ygNyD}} [k tqdkyg
ta&;aumfr&Si\Oya'Murf;jyKpka&;
                     f                                         [k ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/                                                    k
                                                                                                                       onf zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;        'Drua&pDta&;ESihf vlYtcGita&;qdi&m
                                                                                                                                                                         kd                                hf              kf   Mum;emrIaqG;aEG;yGJodkY wufa&mufcJh
tzGJU? EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk;? a&SUaecsKyf                               jrefrmEkdifiHtrsKd;om;vlYtcGifh                  xm;aomtzGJUr[kwf[kqdkum tpdk;&               aumfrwDOuú| a'gufwmat;armifu                                ol wm0ef c H t ,f ' D w mwpf O D ; u
½Hk;wkdY yxrtBudrfawGUqHkum n§dEIdif;                          ta&;aumfr&SifOya'rlMurf;a&;qGJí                         \ 2012-13 bwf*suf(tok;p&dw) H       f        ajymMum;onf/                                                oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
NyD;jzpfí Oya'Murf;udk xyfrHoHk;oyf                            vTwfawmfodkYwifoGif;rnfhudp&yfrSm    ö                  awmif;cHrIudk jiif;y,fcJhonf/                              ]]acguf½dk;usKd;aewJh Mind Set
               f G             f
jyifqifjznhpujf cif;jyKvkyaeaMumif;                            jrefrmEkdifiHwGifyHkpHopf? csOf;uyfrI
trsKd;om;vlYtcGifhta&;aumfr&Sif                                                 h
                                                               topfjzpfonftwGuf Oya'ay:xGuf
twGif;a&;rSL; OD;ppfNrdKifu The                                rnfhtcsdefumvukdrSef;q&efrSmcufcJ
                                                                                                                                       k kGf                                f
                                                                                                                           tajccHOya'cH½;kH udpypjJG ypfwif&ef trsK;d om;vTwawmftwnfjyK
  a':atmifqef;pkMunf Ouú|wm0ef,lonfU                                                                                       aejynfawmf? Mo*kwf 28
                                                                                                                                                        kf                    d                 f
                                                                                                                                         ,aeYjyKvyaom trsK;om;vTwawmftpnf;ta0; 34 &ufajrmufaeYwif rEÅav;wdi;a'oBuD; rJqE´e,f G           kf
                                                                                                                           4 rS trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fOD;aZmfjrifhaz ta&;BuD;tqdkwifoGif;xm;aom tajccHOya'cHk½Hk;udkpGyfpGJ
                df            f
  aumfrwDohdk wkipmoH;k &mausma&muf&dS                                                                                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                           jypfwif&eftqdkudk axmufcHrJ 163 rJjzifh twnfjyKaMumif; vTwawmfOuú|OD;cifatmifjrifu aMunmonf/
                                                                                                                                         tajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;onf vTwawmftoD;oD;u zGUJ pnf;aomaumfrwDESifhaumfr&Sifrsm;udk jynfaxmifpk
                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h

aejynfawmf? Mo*kwf 30                                                                                                                  h          f k              S f                                          k
                                                                                                                           tqifr[kw[owfrwcjhJcif;rSm tajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udazmufzsufjcif;? ay;tyfxm;aomwm0efrsm;udk
          trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf                        a&;twGuf BudK;pm;oGm;r,f/ Ouú|&JU                                          f                                kd                               d           k kd     G
                                                                                                                           ausyGeatmifrxrf;aqmifEijf cif;wdYk jzpfaMumif;awGU&S&ojzifh ,if;tqduwifoi;f &jcif;jzpfaMumif; OD;aZmfjrifaz                 h
Ouú| aumhrL;NrKd Ue,fjynfoYlvwawmf
                S                              T f             acgif;aqmifrIatmufrm tm;vH;wuf   S           k                                                               G
                                                                                                                           u Mo*kwfv 24 &ufaeYwif jyKvkyaom trsKd;om;vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;üajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                         f
ud,pm;vS,f a':atmifqef;pkMunf
      k f                                                      nDvufnD vkyaqmifaeMuygw,f}} [k
                                                                                f                                                        2008 ckESpf tajccHOya'wGif vTwfawmftoD;oD;tm; aumfrwDESifhaumfr&Sifrsm; zGJUpnf;ydkifcGifhay;xm;
Ouú|tjzpfaqmif&uaeaom w&m;   G f                               ykodrfNrKdUe,f jynfolYvTwfawmfukd,f                         onfhtjyif vkyfydkifcGifhrsm;yg tyfESif;xm;onfhtwGuf jynfaxmifpktqifh tzGJUtpnf;jzpfNyD; vTwfawmfrsm;\
            k k
Oya'pd;rd;a&;ESifh wnfNidrat;csr;a&;     f           f                      f D       f
                                                               pm;vS,O;0if;jrihu ajymMum;onf/                              tcef;u@&Sioef&ef ta&;Bu;D aMumif; trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f a'gufwmat;armifuaqG;aEG;onf/
                                                                                                                                                    f
aumfrwDoUkd pwifzUJG onfaeYrS oH;ywf   h           k                  ,if;aumfrwD\ wwd,tBurf                       d                     pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;enf;vrf;rSm 'Drdkua&pDusihfpOfESifh rnDñGwfojzifh ,if;tqdkudk jyefvnf½kyfodrf;ay;&ef
twGif; (Mo*kwfv 30 &ufaeYtxd)                                  tpnf;ta0;udk jynfoYlvwawmf0if;       T f                          hf S f D f                d§ Id f                                k
                                                                                                                           ESiEpO;ESpzufnEi;Mu&eftBuHay;vdygaMumif; wyfrawmfom;trsK;om; vTwawmfu,pm;vS,wpfO;jzpfol  d          f     kd f       f    D
wdiMf um;pmaygif; 340ausmf a&muf&dS
     k                                                         twGi;&Sd I- 12 taqmifwif Mo*kwv
                                                                      f                           G              f                  d k f S                          kd
                                                                                                                           'kw,AdvrL;BuD;aZmfr;u vTwawmftpnf;ta0;wGif ajymMum;onf/   f
vmaMumif; ,if;aumfrwD\twGif;                                   30&uf eeuf 10 em&Du usi;f ycJonf/
                                                                          H                                  h                                                  k                                     d ö S
                                                                                                                                         tajccHOya'cH½;kH Ouú| OD;ode;f pd;k url ]],ckuprm Oya'jyKa&;u@u w&m;pD&ifa&;udk vTr;rd;pGuzufjcif; f k f
a&;rSL; OD;0if;jrifu The Voice Weekly
                        h                                                           T f
                                                                      jynfoYl vwawmfqi&m Oya'        kd f                                                S               f
                                                                                                                           jzpfaMumif; xif&m;ay:vGiaeygw,f/ w&m;pD&ifa&;&JUqHk;jzwfcsufudk Oya'jyKtrwfrsm;u trSeftrSm; rJcGJ
odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                  f
                                                               yk'r 24 ESihf yk'r 27 ESihf Mo*kwv 8
                                                                                  f                            f               k                                                              d
                                                                                                                           qH;jzwfjcif;[m urÇmrSmtpOftvmr&Sygbl;/ w&m;½Hk;&JUpD&ifcGifhudk jyifyrSm rJcGJíqH;jzwfjcif;[m tajccHOya'eJY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k
                     dS
          a&muf&vmaom wdipmrsm;xJ          k f                                G
                                                               &ufaeYwif jyKvkyaom jynfoYl vwf
                                                                                        f                        T         wnfqOya'rsm;udk rsufuG,fjyKjcif;jzpfygw,f/ zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk rvdkufembJ twdtvif;csKd;azmuf
                                                                                                                                            J
wGif w&m;pD&ifa&;? tkycsKya&;? Oya' f f                                                     H
                                                               awmftpnf;ta0;qk;jzwfcsufwYkd t&                                                                          k
                                                                                                                           jcif;jzpfaMumif;ajymMum;vdygw,f/ Constitutional Institution udk ysufp;atmif zsufq;jcif;vnf;jzpfygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      D                D
a&;ESihf v,f,majrudp&yfrsm;ESiqif    ö                 hf kd   jynfolYvTwfawmfonf w&m;Oya'                                 zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk ypfy,fNyD;awmh vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;&JUvdktifqE´udk aqmif&Gufaejcif;jzpfyg
aom wkdifMum;pmrsm; yg0ifaMumif;?                                k k                      f
                                                               pd;rd;a&;ESihf wnfNidrat;csr;a&;aumf     f                                             k                                    kd
                                                                                                                           w,f/ zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'udk wefz;rJhatmifvkyfaeMuw,f}} [k ajymMum;onf/
wdiMf um;pmrsm;ESiywfoufNyD; tzGUJ rsm;
     k                    hf                                   rwDudk oCFef;uRef;NrKdUe,f jynfolY                                        ,refaeYujyKvkyfcJhaom jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGifvnf; aysmfbG,frJqE´e,frS OD;jrifhOD;
                  G f
zGUJ umaqmif&uvsu&aMumif; ¤if;xH
                               f dS                            vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f OD;odef;nGefY                          wifoi;aom tajccHOya'cH½;\qH;jzwfcsuf rSm;,Gi;aMumif; xkwjf yefaMunm&ef jynfaxmifpvwawmfu
                                                                                                                                         G f                                    k kH   k                      f                                k T f
rS od&onf/                                                     tygt0if jynfoYl vwawmfu,pm;    T f         kd f             wdkufwGef;aMumif; tqdkudk axmufcHrJ 447 rJjzifh twnfjyKcJhonf/
                   dk f
          ]]wwfEiorQ w&m;Oya'pd;rd;                      k k   vS,f 15 OD;jzifh zGJUpnf;onf/
   22
   VOICE
 The

                     POLITICS                                                                                                                                                       Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




tajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;udk pGyfpGJjypfwif&efudpöESifUywfoufí oabmxm;tjrifrsm;
           oD;                      rwD Si aumfr if sm;uk                          hr
vTwf awmftm;vSoD;f uzGJUpnf;aomaumfHcsufEziffh htwnf&SyKcJrhonf/d jynfaxmifpktqifmcH[kHk;wf[k owfpöukdfcjynfa;aMumifkw&m;vTOya'qkof&pmcHk½Hk;vTmk avQmufxm;cJ&h&efm trsKd;;om;vTwfawmfk
     udk,fp , 163 OD;u axmufc j                     j              tajccHOya'qkdif& k½ u ,if;ud
                                                                                                 rSw Jhjcif
                                                                                                              xmifp
                                                                                                                     h tajccH       di
                                                                                                                              wfawmf dkY mcRef
                                                                                                                                               ud pGyfpGJjypfwif
                                                                                                                                                                    pHkprf ppfaq;tzGJUud
wm0ef,l&rnfh jynfolYvTwfawmfrSudk,fpm;vS,frsm;\oabmxm;tjrifrsm; azmfjytyfygonf/
  ol&OD;atmifudk                                   oef; 60 uae udk,fpm;vS,f 600 ausmfa&G; rBudKufbl;/ 'DvkdBuD; ,wdjywfwpfa,mufeJY &ifvnf; qHk;jzwfrSmyJ/
                                                   xm;w,f/ 600 ausmfeJY zGJUpnf;xm;wJh jynf wpfa,muf vufn§Kd;xdk;pGyfpGJwm roifhawmf
  pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJY0if                         axmifpkvTwfawmfBuD;[m wdkif;jynfrSm tjrifh bl;xifw,f/ vkdwkd;ydkavQmhvkyf&r,f/ tck                           OD;aX;OD;
                                                   qHk;jzpfw,f/ olYudkvTrf;rdk;EkdifwJh tzGJUtpnf; vuf&Sdtajctaeu rSef;&cufw,f/                                 [oFmwrJqE´e,f
                                                   r&Sdygbl;/ tJh'DpmcRefawmfonf tusKd;ouf
                                                   a&mufrm r[kwygbl;/ wm;jrpfreYfr[kwvnf;
                                                               S         f              d        f        OD;ol&defaZmf
                                                                           I d            l kd f
                                                   tusK;d oufa&mufrr&Sygbl;/ jynfoYu,pm;vS,f               aumUu&dwfrJqE´e,f
                                                                               k                   f df
                                                   trsm;pk&UJ qE´uawmh cH½;Hk tzGUJ 0ifawGukd zsuor;
                                                   zdkY? &mxl;uEkwfy,fzkdY olYqE´'gyJ&Sdygw,f/                  pGyfpGJjypfwifwJhenf;udk vkyfoGm;rSmyg/
                                                                                                        Mum;xJrSm olwdkYawmif;yef&if/ awmif;yefzdkY
                                                   tJ'Dtwkdif;jzpfatmif vkyfMurSmygyJ/
                                                                                                        vnf; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu qHk;jzwfxm;
                                                    OD;0if;xdef (NLD)                                   wm&S d w ,f / ol w k d Y a wmif ; yef & if &yf r ,f /
                                                                                                        rawmif;yef&ifawmh vkyfp&m&Sdwm qufvkyf
                                                    cHk½Hk;pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJY0if                     oGm;rSmyJ/ olYbmolw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfruvdkY
                                                            reufjzefpHkprf;ppfaq;r,f/ udk,fwkdYu
                                                   olwdkYudkac:NyD; ppfrSmav/ vmcsifrSvmrSm/
                                                        k f          f J
        ]]trsKd;om;vTwfawmfuae pGyfpGJjypfwif ud,pm;vS,yvm&ifvmr,f/ tbwkYd u 'Dvdk
vkuNf yD/ oH;yHEpyausmfwhJ ud,pm;vS,awG&UJ av/ a':pkvnf;ajymxm;NyD;om;/ ,wdjywf
    d          k k S f kH         k f       f
axmufcHolrJeJY pGyfpGJjypfwifwm twnfjzpf BuD;ta&;,lwmrsKd;rvkyfcsifbl;/ n§dEIdif;tajz
w,f/ jynfolYvTwfawmfuaeNyD;awmh cHk½Hk;wpf &Smwmaygh/ tckuolwdkYtcsif;csif; tpfudkBuD;?                                                                                    d          f          k f
                                                                                                                                                                       trsK;om;vTwawmfu ud,pm;vS,awG      f
zGJUvHk;udk pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfrwDzGJUNyD; olwkdY nDav;jzpf&if; tckusawmh b,fvdkjzpfrvJ                                                                      u oabmwlqHk;jzwfw,f/ 'Dbufu cHk½kH;zGJU
udkac:ppf&r,f/                                     rodbl;/ tbwkdYtaeeJY Munfhr,fqkd&ifawmh                                                                    ay;&r,fav/ 'DtzGJUu trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
        pmcRefvTm ig;rsKd;&Sdygw,f/ wm;jrpfpm                                                                                                                        k       dk f hJ
                                                                                                                                                              rSmqH;jzwfvuw[mawGonf rSeovm;? rSm;    f
cRefvTmqdkwmu w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfu jynf                                                                                                                         ovm;? oifhawmfovm;? roifhawmfvm; ol
axmifpkvTwfawmfcsKyfudk taMumif;Mum;wm                                                                                                                                                            D d f k
                                                                                                                                                              jyefNyD;ar;rSmaygh/ ar;NyD;awmh tJ'twki;qH;jzwf
ayghaemf/ pdwfxifayghaemf/ jynfol oef; 60                                                                                                                     rSmaygh/ qHk;jzwfNyD; vTwfawmfwifjyrSmaygh/ 'g
&JU udk,fpm;vS,f 600 ausmfeJYzGJUpnf;xm;wJh                                                                                                                   awGu Procedure awGyJ/ uRefawmfhtaeeJYajym
jynfaxmifpvwawmfBuD;? olYtxufrm b,f
                k T f                     S                                                             b,fyJwifwif/ vTwfawmfudk wm;jrpfrdefYxkwf r,fqkd&ifawmh jynfaxmifpktqifhjzpfw,fqkd
olrSr&Sdawmhbl;/ olYudk trdefYay;EkdifwJhtzGJU                                                          vkdY&w,fvkdY Oya'xJrSm awGUzl;vdkYvm;/ rawGU wmudkawmh 'DvTwfawmfu udk,fpm;vS,fawG
tpnf;qkwm r&Sb;/ 'gEkiiwi;yJ/ 'ghaMumifh
            d         d l    d f H dk f                                                                                                                           d                        h
                                                                                                        zl;&if r&SdvkdYbJ/ 'DudpeJYywfoufNyD; ESpfzufvHk; vkcsifMurSmaygh/ uRefawmftaeeJYuawmh b,f
                                                                                                                                  ö
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfuay;wJh wm;                                                                 uravQmh&if 'Dtwkdif;yJoGm;rSmyJ/ ckH½Hk;urvm olrSbmjyóemrSrjzpfapcsifygbl;/
jrpfpmcRefawmf[m tusKd;oufa&mufvdrfh
r,fvkdY rxifygbl;/ EkdifiHwdkif;rSm jynfolYudk,f                                                                       f              G          f               k T f
                                                                                                             Mo*kwv 27 &ufaeYwijf yKvkyaom jynfaxmifpvwawmftpnf;ta0;wGif tajccHOya'
pm;vS,fawGeJYzGJUpnf;xm;wJh vTwfawmfBuD;u                                                                    cHk½Hk;\qHk;jzwfcsufrSm;,Gif;aMumif;aMunmay;&ef jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu wdkufwGef;
tjrifhqHk;jzpfw,f/ jrefrmEkdifiHrSmvnf; jynfol
                                                                                                             aMumif;tqdkESifhywfoufí

  typftcwf&yfqkdif;a&;pnf;urf;rsm; tpkd;&ESifU                                                                    a':atmifqef;pkMunf\aqG;aEG;rItjynfUtpHk
                                                                                                                           tck OD;jrifhpdk;wifoGm;wJhtqdkudk w&m;Oya'½Iaxmifhu Munfhr,fqdk&ifvnf;
  KNU aqG;aEG;rnf                                                                                                 &ygw,f/ EdkifiHa&;½Iaxmifhu Munfhr,fqdk&ifvnf; &ygw,f/ w&m;Oya'½Iaxmifhuae
                                                                                                                  trsm;tjym; aqG;aEG;oGm;NyD;jzpfygw,f/
                                                                                                                           tJ'gawGudkawmh uRefrxyfNyD;awmh raqG;aEG;csifygbl;/ uRefr EdkifiHa&;½Iaxmifhu
&efukef? Mo*kwf 29                                                                                                                             k f H         h          h    kd  kd
                                                                                                                  aeyJ aqG;aEG;yg&ap/ Ediia&;½IaxmifuaeMunfr,fq&if 'Drua&pDukd usio;wJEiiawG                hf kH h kd f H
          tpkd;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief;                                       G f dk
                                                     jzpfpOftwGuf ta&;Bu;D aqmif&u&efvtyfaMumif;                            f                                                              d f G f
                                                                                                                  rSm tkycsKyfa&;r@dKif? Oya'jyKr@dKifeYJ w&m;a&;r@dKifwYkdtMum; csecivQmnDrQa&;twGuf
aumfrwDESihf u&iftrsKd;om;tpnf;½kH; (KNU)                                              d
                                                     KNU twGif;a&;rSL; z'kapma';Apfaxmu Zlvif              dk                 G                          D kd d ö
                                                                                                                  aqmif&uMf u&rSmjzpfygw,f/ tJ'vupawGeYJ ywfoufvYkdvnf; tjiif;tcHawGjzpfMuwm?             k
wkdY jynfolvlxk b0vkHNcKHrIukd tmrcHay;Ekdif&ef      vwwd,ywftwGif;wGif The Voice Weekly                          jyóemawGwufwm[m rxl;qef;ygbl;/
ESpfzufwyfrsm; jyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&;ESihf              okdY ajymqkdxm;onf/                                                        k                     k
                                                                                                                           xdenf;wlyJ zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'eJYywfoufvYkd tjiif;yGm;rIawGjzpfwm? oabmrwl
                    J      df      fh
typftcwf&yfpa&;qki&m usi0wfpnf;urf;rsm;                       KNU ESihftpdk;& Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmif                  I
                                                                                                                  nDrawGjzpfwm? jyóemawGwufwmvnf; rxl;qef;ygbl;/ 'DvtajctaeawG a&mufwhJ kd
(Code of Conduct) ukd aqG;aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;     a&;vkyfief;aumfrwDwkdYonf Mo*kwf 27&ufrS                     tcgusvdkY&Sd&if BudKufovdk? rBudKufovdk 'Dbuf[dkbufa0zefwm? wdkufcdkufwm? ajymqdk
ESpfzufacgif;aqmifrsm;uajymMum;onf/                  29&ufaeYwif wwd,tBudrjf ynfaxmifptqifh
                                                                          G                              k        wmawG[m &Sdwwfygw,f/ 'DvdkjyóemawGwufvdkY uRefrwdkYtaeeJY pdwfysufp&mvnf;
          tqkdygaqG;aEG;rIukd pufwifbmv 4            Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJusif;y&ef pDpOfxm;aomf              r&Sdygbl;/ aMumuf&GHUp&mvnf;r&Sdygbl;/ b,favmufyJta&;BuD;wJhjyóemjzpfjzpf?
&ufESihf 3 &ufaeYwkdYwGif u&ifjynfe,f bm;tH          vnf; jynfaxmifptpd;k & tzGUJ 0efBu;D tajymif;tvJ
                                                                               k                                  wu,fta&;BuD;wmu 'Djyóemudk b,fvdkajz&Sif;vJqdkwJh[mygyJ/
NrKdUüusif;yjyKvkyfrnfh wwd,tBudrf jynf              rsm;aMumifh pufwifbmv 3&ufEifh 4&ufaeYoYdk  S                         uRefrwdkYjyóemudk ajz&Sif;wJhae&mrSm wu,fh'Drdkua&pDpHEIef;pHxm;awGeJY rDatmif
axmifpktqifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJwGif aqG;      a&TUqki;cJjh cif;jzpfz,&aMumif; Nidr;csr;a&;tusK;
                                                            df                G f dS           f f            d   wu,fudk jynfoljynfom;awG&JUat;csrf;om,ma&;udk uRefrwdkYOD;wnf&JUvm;qdkwm
aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusKd;awmf      awmfaqmifwpfOD;u okH;oyfonf/                                 pOf;pm;NyD; ajz&Sif;&rSmjzpfygw,f/ jyóemajz&Sif;yHk ajz&Sif;enf;[m rSefvdkY&SdvdkY&Sd&if
aqmifwpfOD;uqkdonf/                                           tpkd;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief;                   f        kd f H     ©                 hf         f
                                                                                                                  uRerwdYkEii&UJ odumvnf;wufygvdrr,f/ uRerwdYk jynfoawGuvnf; ajz&Si;yHajz&Si;
                                                                                                                                                                                    l                             f k      f
          KNU Nidrf;csrf;a&;ukd,fpm;vS,ftzGJUukd     aumfrwDEifh u&iftrsK;om;tpnf;t½k; (KNU)
                                                                     S               d                 H          enf;&JU&v'fudk av;av;pm;pm;eJY vufcHrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY uRefrajymcsifwmu
                                                                                                                  tckudpö[m w&m;Oya'udpöjzpfwJhtydkif;rSm w&m;Oya't& ausausvnfvnf ESpfOD;
        D       f                          D
aemfpz;dk &mpdeu tzGUJ acgif;aqmiftjzpfO;aqmif       wkdYonf wwd,tBudrf jynfaxmifpktqihf                          ESpfzuf[m aqG;aEG;zdkYvdkygw,f/ wpfzufudk wpfzuf av;pm;zdkYvdkygw,f/ udk,fhtjrifeJY
oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; 'kwd,tzGJUacgif;aqmiftjzpf                f f                              f
                                                     Nidr;csr;a&;raqG;aEG;rD tvGwoabmtaeESihf                     rwlwJhol[m tm;vHk;rSm;w,fqdkNyD;awmh pGyfpGJvdkYr&ygbl;/ udk,fhtjrif olYtjrif ESpfzuf
      d                 d f S
'kw,ppfa&;csKyf AkvrL;csKyfp&Smxka0:ESitwl   fh      xkdif;EkdifiH rJaqmufNrKdUESihf jrefrmEkdifiH jr0wDNrKdU     pvHk;udk uRefrwdkY av;pm;zdkYvdkygw,f/ em;vnfatmifvkyfzdkY vdkygw,f/
pkpkaygif;ukd,fpm;vS,ftzGJU0if 10OD; pufwif                            H f dk f dk
                                                     wkdYwGif ok;Budrwiwif awGUqkconf/       H hJ                          jynfolawGvnf; em;vnfatmifvkyfzdkYvdkygw,f/ t"duuawmh jynfolawGygyJ/
bmv 1&ufaeYwGif bm;tHNrKdUokdY a&muf&Sdrnf                         d
                                                              tpk;&ESifh KNU tzGUJ onf 'kw,tBudrf  d              jynfolawGtwGufqdkwJh 'DjynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf[m jynfolawG&JUav;pm;rIudk cHEdkifrS
jzpfaMumif; KNU u xkwfjyefxm;onf/                                       k        df f
                                                     jynfaxmifptqifh Nir;csr;a&;aqG;aEG;yGudk {NyDv  J            jynfaxmifpvwawmfqwhJ *kPeYJuunrmjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifrYkd uRerwdYk[m jyóem
                                                                                                                                       k T f       kd   f kd f D S                          h        f
          wyfae&mcsxm;a&;ESihf Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;                           k        f
                                                     twGi;f &efueNf rKUd üusi;ycJNh yD; KNU acgif;aqmif           wufaewm rSeygw,f/ 'Djyóemudk ajz&Si;wJae&mrSm tm;vH;[m n§nEi;Edi; wdiwif
                                                                                                                                          f                         f h               k            d d§ Id f I f k f kd
aEG;rIrsm;tpOfwpkduf jyKvkyf&efvkdtyfouJhodkY                        dfH
                                                     rsm;onf Ekiiawmfor®wBu;D OD;ode;f pde?f trsK;d om;                                                           dS dS     f kd
                                                                                                                  yifyif oabmxm;BuD;BuD;eJY? tajrmftjrif&&eYJ ajz&Si;zdYk uyJ OD;wnfMuygvdYk uRefrtaeeJY
typf&yfvufeufukdifwyfzGJU0ifrsm;ESihf ¤if;wkdY       'Drkdua&pDtzGJUcsKyfOuú|a':atmifqef;pkMunf                   arwåm&yfcHtyfygw,f/
rdom;pkrsm;ukd axmufyHha&;onf Nidrf;csrf;a&;         wkdYESihf awGUqkHcJhonf/
   Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                           POLITICS                                                                                                        The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     23




 ]uRefawmfu wpfckckvkyfvdkufw,fvdkh wdkuf½dkufpGyfpGJcsufrsKd;r&Sdbl;}
 ADSDF                          (A[kd) Ouú|a[mif; a'gufwmEdkifatmifESifU awGYqHkjcif;
     f
 ausmqef;rif;
              pdk;&\zdwfMum;rIaMumifh jynfya&mufEdkifiHa&;tiftm;pktcsKdUrSacgif;aqmifrsm; jrefrmEdkifiHjyefvmrnfjzpf&m ¤if;wdkY\jrefrmEdkifiHc&D;pOf
    t         jzpfay:vm&onfhtaMumif;t&if;ESifh tpdk;&tzGJUESiawGUqH&eftpDtpOfwYkd tygt0if ABSDF (ajrmufyi;) (jrefrmEkiiv;qki&mausmif;
                                                                                                 fhawG k                                                                                  kd f                  d f H kH d f
om;rsm;'Drkdu&ufwpfwyfOD;)vlowfrItay:tjrifrsm;udkod&SdEdkifap&eftwGuf ,ckc&D;pOfwGif wpfOD;tygt0ifjzpfNyD; ABSDF (ajrmufydkif;)                                         tygt0if
vlowfrIrsm;jzpfyGm;csdewGif ABSDF (A[kd)Ouú|tjzpf wm0ef,lcJhol a'gufwmEdkifatmifESifh The Voice Weekly wdkY zkef;jzifhqufoG,far;jref;
                                              f wG
xm;onfrsm;rS aumufEkwazmfjytyfygonf/                    fazmf
Voice            : xdkif;EdkifiHuae jyefvm                                                                                     k
                                                                      awGUzdkYvnf;&Sdw,f/ tjcm;EdkifiHa&; vdovdk ygoifygxduwoawGygNyD;           h k f hJ l
r,fhig;OD;&Sdw,fvdkY odxm;ygw,f/ tiftm;pkawGuvnf; awGUzdYk &w,f/ vk y f a wmh tjrif a umif ; aumif ; ?
                                                                                         kd                    dS                                                                                                                                                      ukd,fa&;tusOf;
a'gufwmEdiatmifwYig;OD;pvH;k wpf&uf aemuf vlrItoif;tzGJUawGudkvnf; vltiftm;aumif;aumif;eJYvkyfawmh
              kf                 kd                                                                                                                                                                               1982 - 87 ckESpf -rEåav;aq;wuúokdvf/ M.B.,B.S bGJU&
wnf;twlwvmzdYkppOfxm;ygovm;/ awGUcsiygw,f/ vlxtoHawG? vlxk ydkaumif;wmaygh/ wpfcgwavrSm
                   l           D                                                 f                 k                                                                                                              1979 - 81 ckESpf -a'oaumvdyf (2) vdIife,fajr? &efukef/
                             f
Dr.NA : uReawmfeudnKd te;jrifh              JY k k f                  tajctaeawGudkvnf; avhvmcsif t,ltq uGJvGJwmawGvnf; &SdEdkif                                                                                  2011 rS ,cktxd -vkHNcKHa&;u@jyKjyifajymif;vJrIqkdif&mavhvm
&,f? a'gufwmaomif;xGe;&,f t&if ygw,f/               f                                                                     wmaygh/ 'gayrJh rwlwJh tjrifawGudk                                                                                                    a&;ESifhrl0g'a&;qGJa&;tzGJY0if
jyefvmr,f/ 31 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ 2 Voice : tpd k ; &opf w uf v m vufcHNyD; taumif;qHk; b,fvdk                                                                                                                        2008 ckESpf                                -2008 zGJYpnff;ykHtajccHOya'udk qefYusifrJay;
em&D a&mufr,f/ udkatmifrdk;aZmfu                                      cgpu tpdk;&&JU jyKjyifajymif;vJrI yl;aygif;vkyfrvJqdkwJh ,Ofaus;rIudk                                                                                                                     a&;wyfaygif;pk (7)zGJY\uifydef;nd§EdIif;a&;rSL;
3 &ufaeYra&mufr,f/ udarmifarmif awGudk oHo,jzpfw,fvdkY ajymwm a&mufMuNyDvm;qdkwmawmh pum;
               S                                  k                                                                                                                                                               2004 rS ,cktxd -jrefrmEkdifiH'Drkdu&ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for
u 3 &ufaeYrS ADZmavQmufr,f/                                           rsKd ; awG a wG U &ygw,f / tck a um ajymMunfhrS odEdkifrSmaygh/                                                                                                                           Democracy in Burma)\twGif;a&;rSL;csKyf
Voice            : tck jrefrmEdiic&D;pOfu       kfH                   tpdk;&&JU jyKjyifajymif;vJrIawGudk Voice : wpfavmu armifarmif                                                                                                                                 dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2001 rS ,cktxd -'Drua&pDEizYHNG zKd ;wd;wufa&;tiftm;pk (NDD)\        S hf        k
tvnfoufoufvm;/ bmtwGuf trS e f wu,f a jymif ; vJ a eNyD v d k Y (a&Tu&0du)a&;wJh uReawmfoaom                                            f                                  f                d                                                                   A[kdtvkyftrIaqmifaumfrwD0if
vmwmygvJ/                                                             jrifygovm;/                                         acwfopf[oFmud;aomif; yHjk yifqwhJ  k                                     kd             1996 rS 2002txd -jynfaxmifpjk refrmEkiitrsKd;om;aumifpD (Na-                       d f H
Dr.NA : uRefawmfwdkYudk tusKd;                                        Dr.NA : jrefrmEdkifiHjyifyrSmu                      pmtkyrmABSDFrSm a'gufwmEdiatmif
                                                                                                                                   fS                                            mEdk f                                                                         tional Council of Union of Burma)twGi;a&;rSL;          f
aqmifawG ajymMum;csufuawmh EdkifiHa&;yJvkyfaewmqdkawmh udk,fh Ouú|wm0ef,csef ABSDF(ajrmufyi;f )                                                l d                                              kd                1991 rS 2000 txd -jrefrmEkdifiHvkH;qkdif&mausmif;om;rsm;'Drkdu&uf
or® w BuD ; &J U zd w f M um;csuf a ygh / wdkif;jynfta&;udk pOfqufrjywf rSm vlowfrawG tzGUJ twGi;j zpfay:                                 I                                       f                                                                             wpfwyfOD; (All Burma Students’ Democratic
or®weJYawGUzdkY/ aemuf tpdk;&ydkif;u avhvmjzpfaeygw,f/ oHk;oyfrIawG cJhw,f/ 'DtwGuOuú|wpfa,muf                                                                 fOuú                                                                                             Front) Ouú|(oufwrf;av;ck wm0efxrf;aqmif)
wm0ef&SdolawGeJYawGUzdkYyg/ uRefawmf tNrJwrf;vkyfygw,fcifAs/ tck[m taeeJU wm0ef&w,fqwmrsK; a0zef                                                    dS                  kd            d                           1989 rS 2000 txd -ABSDF 'k-Ouú| (pDrH)
wdkYu 'Drdkua&pDta&;eJY trsKd;om; u or®wu awGUcsifw,fvdkYqdk wmawG&Sdygw,f/ 'geJYywfoufNyD;                                                                                                                       1988rS1989 txd -ABSDF bk&m;ok;qlpcef; 'k-Ouú|                                  H
jyefvnfoifjh rwfa&; tjrifawG aqG; xm;awmh uRefawmfwdkYu tajymif; ajz&Sif;csifwmrsKd; &Sdygovm;/
aEG;rSmyg/ olwdkYu wpfOD;csif;zdwf tvJudkoGm;r,fh tvif;a&mifawG Dr.NA : ar;&ifawmh ajymcsifyg
awmh wpfoD;yk*¾vvdkjzpfaew,f/ jrif a eNyD / tajymif ; tvJ t wG u f w,f/ trSeawmh vlemrnfenf;enf; awGudk w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;csdefrSm vGwf awGUqHwmrsKd; vkyzYkd &ygovm;/
                                                                                                                                             f                                                                                                                                                         k        f dS
tzGUJ tpnf;udk ud,pm;jyKNyD; vmwm ajcvS r f ; paeNyD v d k Y xif y gw,f / vGJaewm&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dtcsdefwkef;u vyfwpprf;a&;aumfr&SiawGzUJG pnf;NyD; Dr.NA : [kwfuJh? uRefawmfwdkY
                            k f                                                                                                                                                                                        hJ kH                            f
r[kwfygbl;/                                                           tajymif;tvJu b,foyJ wm0ef,l uRefawmfu A[dOuú|aygh/ uReawmf jyefvnfazmfxkwfoifhw,fvdkY ,lq a&mufa&mufcsif; avqdyfrSmyJ &Sif;
                                                                                                         l                                               k                                    f
Voice            : tck v mr,f h t zG J U u                            vkyvyaygh/ 'DvtcsdersKd;rSm pdeac: wdkY ABSDF u tuGJtNyJawG jzpfae ygw,f/ uRefawmfvnf; twwfEif vif;yGJ vkyfcsifygw,f/ 'Dc&D;pOf
                                                                             f k f            kd     f              f                                                                                                                                                              kd
tar&duuvmr,fh udkrdk;oD;ZGefwdkY&JU rIawGvnf; BuHKaeOD;rSmyJ/ tcuftcJ cseaygh/ tJ'upawGtm;vH;uRefawmf qHk;? taumif;qHk; jynfhjynfh00 yl; taMumif;a&m? aemuf vmjzpfoGm;
                                                                                                                           df               D dö                               k
PDM eJY n§dEdIif;NyD;vmwmvm;? oD;                                     awGvnf; BuHKaeOD;rSmyJ/ uReawmfwYkd u jzpfNyD;rSod&wmyg/ tm;vHk;u aygif;yg0ifom;rSmyg/ aemuf 'DvvYl wJtaMumif;t&m &Si;vif;yGvycsiyg
                                                                                                             f                                                                                                                         G                                    kd                 h                  f      J kf f
jcm;pDvmwmvm;/                                                        buf u vnf ; tajymif ; tvJ u d k uRefawmfwdkYtrdefY uRefawmfwdkYñTef tcGifhta&;csKd;azmufrIawG&Sdw,fqdk w,f/ 'gayrJh pDpOfay;wJholawGeJY
Dr.NA : tusKd;aqmifawG pDpOf                                          'Dxufydkaumif;atmif bmawGvkyf Mum;csufeJYaqmif&GufwmrsKd; vHk;0 wm odvdkuf&awmh uReawmfvnf; awmh wdiyif&OD;rSmyg/ jrefrmEdiirm                                                          f                                          k f                k f H S
ay;csuft& vmwmuawmh oD;jcm; oifhw,fqdkwJh tjrifudkwifjyr,f/ r[kwygbl;/ uReawmfwYkdtzGUJ tpnf; vH;0pdwraumif;ygbl;/ 0rf;enf;yg aepOfumvrSmvnf; tpdk;&eJY aqG;
                                                                                                                                    f                      f                                                 k                f
pDygyJ/ 'gayrJhvdkY tpdk;&eJYawGUzdkYu aemuf tpdk;&bufuvnf; bmawG u wwfEdkiforQ vdkufNyD;wm0ef,l& w,fvdkY ajymcsifygw,f/                                                                                                                                                                    aEG;xm;wmawGudk jyef&Sif;jyzdkY vkyf
awmh twlwlyJ/                                                         vkyfaevJqdkwmvnf; em;axmif wJtydi;yg/ uReawmfOuú|jzpfaecsef Voice
                                                                                                                              h k f                    f                                              d                              : tJ'DpmtkyfeJY ywfouf                                 csifygw,f/ rD'D,mawG&JU vGwfvyf
Voice            : tckc&D;pOfu tpdk;&eJY                              r,f/ tJ'DtxJurS bmawG yl;aygif; rSm uRefawmfudk,fwdkifodwm? aemuf NyD;ajymcsifwm? pGyfpGJw,fvdkY jrifwm rItajctaeudk odcsifwm&Sdovdk?
awG U zd k Y ouf o uf y J v m;? oD ; jcm; aqmif&GufoGm;EdkifrvJ qdkwmawG uRefawmfudk,fwdkifqHk;jzwfwm bm &Sdygovm;/                                                                                                                                                                         rD'D,mawGar;orQ ajzMum;csifyg
tpDtpOfawG &Sdygao;ovm;/                                              &SmazGoGm;&rSmaygh/                                 wpfckrSr&Sdygbl;/ aemufwpfcku Dr.NA : ud k a rmif a rmif a &;wJ h w,f/
Dr.NA : uRefawmf jrefrmEdkifiH                                                   tajymif ; tvJ q d k w m buf ajrmufydkif;udpvdk[mrsKd;u vlYtcGifh tJ'DpmtkyfrSm oloGm;wJhtcsdefrSm Voice : aemufqHk;taeeJY ar;
                                                                                                                                                  ö
a&muf&if tpdk;&wm0ef&SdolawGeJY aygif;pHk? ½Iaxmifhaygif;pHku MunfhzdkY ta&;csKd;azmufrIawG&Sdw,fqdkwm awGUcJjh rifcvYkd a&;xm;wJh ajrmufyi; csif w mu tpd k ; &&J U trnf y suf                                                   hJ                                           kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        u vlawGeJYywfoufwmawGawmh pm&if;y,fzsufaMumif; xkwfjyefrI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        a&;wmawGUw,f/ uReawmfh emrnfeYJ udk b,fvdkjrifygovJ/
                                                                                                                                                                                                        uRefawmfwdkY tzGJUtpnf;u Ouú| Dr.NA : uRef a wmf w d k Y jrif w m
       trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJYcsKyfygwD tzGJYuGJjyóemay:ayguf                                                                                                                                          vnf;jzpfwJh rOr®memrnfeJY &Sif;vif; awmh yGifhvif;jrifom&SdzdkY vdkw,fvdkY
                                                                                                                                                                                                        xm;wmawGUw,f/ 'gayrJh uRefawmf xifygw,f/ tckudpörSm trnfysuf
      &efukef? Mo*kwf 24                                                                                                                                                                                                        k k k f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        u wpfccvyvuw,fvYkd wdu½uf pm&if;oGif;xm;wJh ajcmufaxmif        k f kd
               {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD; trsKd;om;'Drua&pDtzGUJ csKyf(NLD) ygwDtwGi; tkypzUJG ? *dP;*PtpGrsm;aMumifh
                                    dk f                                      kd                                         f f k k f                                    J                                        f JG                                                        d l
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pGypcsufrsKd; (a&;xm;wmrsKd;) r&Sb;? ausmfpm&if;? aemufy,fzsufvdkufwJh
      jyóemrsm;jzpfay:vsuf&SdaMumif; ¤if;ygwD0ifrsm;u The Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                 rawGUbl;/ aemufpmtkyfxJrSm a&; ESpfaxmifausmfpm&if; b,folawG
               ,if;uJhodkYjyóemjzpf&jcif;ESifhywfoufí Mo*kwfv 25 &ufaeYwGif ykodrfNrdKUe,ftrsKd;om;'Drdkua&pD                                                                                           xm;wmuvnf; uReawmfwYkd jyefvm ygrSef;vnf;rodbl;/ b,folawGudk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f
      tzGJUcsKyf(NLD) ygwD½Hk;ü owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJwpf&yfudk jyKvkyfrnfjzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                          f            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        cgeD;rdYk 'Dpmtkyukd xkww,fayghav/ y,fzsufvdkufrSef;vnf; rodbl;/
               ,if;owif;pm&Si;vif;yGwif {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD;twGi; wki;c½diaumfr&Sirsm;udk jyefvnfpppfay;&efEihf
                                                      f       J G                  dk f                    f df kf               f                                  d                   S               wu,fwrf;ajymr,fqdk&ifawmh yGifh ygao;vm; rygao;vm;vnf; rod
      vuf&Sdwkdif;a'oBuD;tqifhwm0ef,lxm;olrsm;u tkyfpkzGJUcsKyfudkif&efBudK;pm;aerIrsm;udk oufaotaxmuf                                                                                                                    h                               hf G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        vif;wJtajctaersKd ; yGiyivif;vif; bl ; / aemuf uRef a wmf r S w f r d w m
      txm;jzif&i;vif;&efjzpfaMumif; ykorf NLD tzGUJ 0if a'gufwmoef;xkuu The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
                     hSf                                            d                                             d f                                                                                   eJY aqmif&GufrSmjzpfovdk rSm;wmawG &Sdw,f/ taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh
               ]]ae&mvkwmr[kwfygbl;/ 'Drdkua&pD&JUtajccHawGygwDxJrSm vGJoGm;rSmpdk;vdkYvkyf&wmyg}}[k ,if;                                                                                                             f JG                 kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                        udk pGypw,fq&ifvnf; wm0ef,r?I jynf y a&muf a eol a wG jyef v mzd k Y     l
      owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJjyKvkyf&jcif;udk ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                                                                                   H I dS             J                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        wm0efcr&&r,fvYkdyajymcsiygw,f/ or®wBuD;udk,fwdkif ESpfBudrfwdwd
               tqkygudp&yfEiywfoufí A[daumfrwD0ifrsm;tpnf;ta0; rjyKvy&ao;aomaMumifh rnfuoYkdajz&Si;&ef
                      d               ö S hf                            k                                             kf                                         hJ                 f                   Voice                        : tck c&D ; pOf u jref r m                             ajymwm&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh EdkifiHa&;
                         dk                     d                         d           kd
      udk xkwjf yefEijf cif;r&Sao;aMumif; trsK;om;'Drua&pDtzJUG csKy(NLD) ygwDtwGi;a&;rSL; OD;ÓPf0if;uqkonf/
                                                                                                       f                    f                                                d                          Ed k i f i H r S m b,f a vmuf M umMumae orm;awGyg ryg r&Si;bl;/ uReawmf                                     f        f
               ,if;uJhodkYjyóemjzpfaejcif;udk trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyfA[kd tvkyftrIaqmiftaejzifh rnfuJhodkY                                                                                        r,fvdkY pDpOfxm;ygovJ/                                                              ajymcsif w mu 'D r d k u a&pD t a&;
      vkyfaqmifrnfudk The Voice Weekly u qufoG,faomfvnf; ygwD\vywftpnf;ta0;ESifhwkdufqkdif                                                                                                              Dr.NA : uRef a wmf w d k Y vuf & S d                                                twGuf? wdkif;jynftusKd;twGuf
      aeaomaMumifh ajzMum;EkdifolESifhajymMum;cGihfr&cJhay/                                                                                                                                             tpd;k & cGifhjyKoavmuf aeoGm;rSmyg/ aqmif&GufaeolawG jyefvmvdkY&
                                    dk f                          f                         h
               {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD;twGi;wGif txufyguJoYkd jyóemrsm;onf ajrmif;jr? ykor?f [oFmw? "EkjzLESihf                               d                                                                 Voice                        : ADZmu b,favmufcihf                            G      atmif b,fvenf;vrf;rsKd;eJY vmEdif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kd                   k
      rtlyifwkdYwGifvnf; jzpfyGm;vsuf&Sdonfhtjyif wkdif;a'oBuD;ESifhjynfe,ftoD;oD;üvnf; tkyfpkzGJU? *dkPf;*PpGJ                                                                                         jyKxm;ygovJ/                                                                        w,f? b,fvkdvlrsKd;awGvmEdkifw,f
      jyóemrsm;jzpfay:vsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;ygwDtokdif;t0dkif;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                       Dr.NA : uRefawmfu aemufv                                                            qdkwm &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;odatmif
                                       dk f
               {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD; ajrmif;jrNrdKUe,fESifh weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD; aumhaomif;NrdKUe,fwkdYwGif ygwD0if                                                                                          26 &ufaeY jyefr,fvdkY vkyfxm; vkyfay;zdkY? xkwfjyefay;zdkY vdkr,fvdkY
      rsm;u qE´xkwfazmfonfhtqifhodkY a&muf&SdcJhonf/                                                                                                                                                    ygw,f/                                                                              xifygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Voice                                 S D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     : 'Drm rD',mawGeYJo;jcm;            D                                          ausmfqef;rif;
   24
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                          Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




"mwfaiGY ydkufvdkif;jr§Kyfxm;onfUvrf;uRHí ,mOfrawmfwqrIjzpf
rEÅav;? Mo*kwf 28
                   wdkif;a'oBuD; wHwm;OD;NrdKUe,f pum;tif;-jyifpnf-jrif;NcH c½dkifcsif;quf trSwf (2)vrf; rdkifwdkiftrSwf 381^5 teD;ü jzwfoef;onfh ausmufjzL-a&TvD obm0"mwfaiGU
                   ydkufvdkif;jr§Kyfí ajrzdkYNyD;jyefvnfwnfaqmufxm;aom um;vrf;uRHusrIaMumifh um;ESifh qdkifu,f 11 pD;cefY ,mOfrawmfwqrIrsm; jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; a'ocHrsm;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sdonf/
               f                           k f                                                S
        Mo*kwv 23 &ufaeY naeydi; rsm;vnf; jzpfyGm;cJhNyD; ,if;teuf tusrm owdarhom;w,f}}[k aq;½Hk           G                ]],mOf t oG m ;tvmenf ; wJ h oef;&m um;vrf;rBuD;rsm;udk EdkifiH
                                                                                                                                            h kd f I                 d f H T f hf
rdk;&GmoGef;rIrsm;NyD; 24 &ufaeY eHeuf EGm;xdk;BuD;NrdKUe,f uEém;aus;&Gmü ay:wGif OD;zd;k ao;u The Voice Weekly 'Dvrf;ay:rSmawmif BuHcirtm;enf; wum pHcsepñe;ESitnD aqmif&uf               G
ydkif;rSpwifí um;vrf;rSm teuf 9 aexdkifaom OD;zdk;ao;rSm 'Pf&mjyif; odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                                          h               hJ k f kd f
                                                                                                                        wm/ ,mOftoGm;tvmrsm;wJh tjref oifaMumif;? ,ckuoYkd yduvi;jzwf
                                     H      G            G
vufr? tvsm; 8 aycefY ajruRusom; xefpm&í uEém;wdue,faq;½Hwif            k f         k G        tqdkygqdkifu,frawmfwqrI vrf;rBuD;atmufrSm w½kwfydkufoGm; vrf; ajruRHjcif;rsKd;rSm rjzpfoifh
                 d
aMumif;? tqkygvrf;uRHusoGm;aom ukorIcH,laeaMumif; uEém;aus;&Gm aMumifh ezl;? b,fbufem;xif? b,f xm;wm pOf;pm;p&myg}} [k a'gif;OD; aMumif; yduvi;wpfavQmuf okaw       k f kd f
                                         k
ae&mrSm nmbufjcrf;&Sd "mwfaiGUyduf a'ocHrsm;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                      G f
                                                                                       bufem;&Guf? b,frsufvHk;wdkYwGif aus;&Gm? uEém;aus;&Gma'ocHrsm;u oe aqmif&uaeonfh obm0ywf0ef;
    k f
vdi;jzpfNyD; b,fbufyuvi;ae&m  kd f kd f                    ]]uRefawmfjzpfwm 26 &ufaeY 'Pf&mjyif;xefpm&&ScaMumif; ¤if;u oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                       G d hJ                                               usifa&;&mtzGJUwpfcku axmufjy
rSmvnf; uRHus&ef tvm;tvm&Sd aeYv,f 11 em&Davmufuyg/ uEém; ajymqkdonf/                                                                                d f H
                                                                                                                            w½kwjf ynfoYl or®wEkiioYdk ykYd onf/
aMumif; wHwm;OD;NrdKUe,f a'gif;OD;aus; uae a*G;aqmifaus;&Gmudk qdiu,f          k f            ausmufjzL-a&Tvobm0"mwf onfh ,if;"mwfaiGUydkufvdkif;jzwf
                                                                                                              D
&Gma'ocHrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                             f
                                                   ypön;0,fzYkd toGm;jzpfwm/ armif;ae aiGUyduvi;jr§KyfExm;NyD; uRHusaom
                                                                                            k f dk f    HS
        um;vrf ; uRH x G u f r I a Mumif h us oGm;aeus vrf;aumif;rdkY vrf; um;vrf;ukd Mo*kwfv 27 &ufaeY
jrif;NcHrS armif;ESifvmaom or®pdwå uRHwmudk owdrxm;rdbl;/ jzpfjzpf eHeufydkif;wGif jyifqifNyD;pD;aMumif;
                                                           kf
c&D;onfwif,mOfrSm av;usKd;oGm; csi;f qdiu,fu ig;awmifavmuftxd wHwm;OD;NrdKUe,f pnfyifom,ma&;
aMumif;? qdkifu,frawmfwqjzpfrI ajrmufwufoGm;NyD;rS jyefusw,f/ tzJGUxHrS od&Sd&onf/                                               aetdrfrD;avmif? uav;ESpfOD;aoqHk;
                                                                                                                                 &efukef? Mo*kwf 27

   'DvdIif;pmapmifwdkufa&SY AHk;vefh                                                                                                     csif;jynfe,f wD;wdefNrdKUESifh 15 rdkifuGma0;aom wDG;xefaus;&GmwGif
                                                                                                                                 Mo*kwfv 25 &ufaeY eHeuf 9 em&Dü aetdrfrD;avmifrIjzpfyGm;&m tdyfaysmf
                                                                                                                                 aeaom 10 ESpfatmuf uav;i,fESpfOD; rD;avmifaoqHk;cJhaMumif; jrefrm
&efukef? Mo*kwf 28
                                                                                                                                 EdkifiH rD;owfOD;pD;XmexHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
           trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf             tqdkygypönf;rsm;udk FOR-          &Sif;jyonf/                                       tqdkygrD;avmifrIrSm rdcifutdrfvnfoGm;aepOf aetdrf&SdrD;zdk rD;<uif;
(NLD)       ygwDu pDpOfxkwfa0aom             WARDS. E.CCO.LT         ydkif armfawmf                           ö
                                                                                                 ,if;udponf txifrm; tjrif  S     rD;usefrS pwifavmifuRrf;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;? ,if;rD;aMumifh tvsm; 12 ay?
      Id f                    k f
'Dvi;pmapmif jzefYcsda&;wdua&SUwGif          ,mOf 5c^..... vdkufathpfay:wGif                        kd f
                                                                                       rSm; jzpfEiaMumif; NLD aumfrwD0if         teH ay 50 &Sd 0g;uyfrdk;? x&HumajrpdkufwJtygt0if toufckepfESpft&G,f
&yfem;xm;onfh armfawmf,mOfwpfp;          D   eHeuf 7 em&DausmfcefYu pawGUjcif;         uAsmq&m armifrdk;olu rSwfcsufjyK          armifxef&Sif;aygifESifh av;ESpft&G,f armifeef;cif;aygifwdkYESpfOD; tdyfaysmf
ay:ü Mo*kwfv 28 &uf eHeuf 7                  jzpfaMumif; tqdkygukrÜPD\ ,mOf            ajymqdkonf/                               aepOf rD;avmifaoqHk;cJhaMumif; csif;jynfe,frD;owfOD;pD;Xme\ twnfjyK
em&D0ef;usifu csdefudkufAHk;[k,lq&           armif;u ajymMum;onf/                                            d kd        S
                                                                                                 ]]bk&m;&Sc;&if; tjyifrm vlawG   csuft& od&onf/
              f      k kd   d
aomypön;wpfcuawGU&Sojzifh xdwf                       ]]7 em&Drdepf 30 avmufu           ½IyfaevdkY oGm;Munfhjzpfw,f/ aemuf                ,if;rD;avmifrIudk wD;wdefNrdKUe,f&Jpcef;u rdcif a':'g;vfcefYusifudk
vefYrIrsm;jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; &efukef         um;aemufzHk;em;rSm a&oefYbl;eJY           &JawGajymyHkt& wu,fomaygufuGJ             (y)32^2012 yk'fr 285^304 (u)jzifh trIzGifhaqmif&Gufxm;aMumif; ,if;
wdkif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUESifhrsufjrif         <uyf<uyftdwfwpfvHk;udk pawGUwm?           r,fqdk&if x&efpazmfrma&m? 'Dtdrf          &Jpcef;xHrS od&onf/
awGU&Sdolrsm;xHrSod&onf/                     rouFmwmeJY ydkif&SifeJY &yfuGuf½Hk;udk                k f
                                                                                       &mu wducef;awGyg xdEiw,fajym kd f
           &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; A[ef;
NrdKUe,f ta&SUa&T*Hkwdkifvrf; atmif
                                             taMumif;Mum;vdkufw,f/ aemuf
                                             &JawGyg a&mufvmNyD; AH;vdYk ,q&wJh
                                                                     k         l
                                                                                       w,f}} [k tqdkyg,mOf&yfxm;onfh
                                                                                       ae&mESifh rsufESmcsif;qdkifwdkufcef;
                                                                                                                                 &efukefNrdKYv,fqdkifu,fwkdufrI oHk;OD;'Pf&m&
                                                                                                                                 &efukef? Mo*kwf 25
csrf;omtdrf&mwGif&Sdaom 'DvdIif;             rouFmzG,fypönf;vdkYajymw,f}} [k                             G f      k
                                                                                       ajrnDxyfwiaexdiNf yD; tvSjyifqdkif                  &efukefNrdKUv,faumifql;avbk&m;vrf;ESifh taemf&xmvrf;qHk ql;av
pmapmif jzefYcsda&;wdkufa&SU AHk;vefYrI      ¤if;uqdkonf/                                 hf S f
                                                                                       zGivpxm;ola':eDvmausmuqdonf/   f k        rD;ydGKifhteD;wGif Mo*kwfv 25 &ufaeY n 9 em&D 20 rdepfü vloHk;OD;pD;eif;
udk ppfaq;&Sif;vif;&mwGif 0g,mESifh                  ]]uRefawmfwdkY 8 em&Davmuf                  ,if;jzpfpOfESifhywfoufonfh      vmonfh rD;eDjzwfarmif;ESifvmaomqkdifu,frSm rD;pdrf;jzwfarmif;ESifvmaom
        f
csdwqufxm;aom *Pef;aygif;puf                 &SdNyD/ od&wmuawmh xrif;bl;yHkpH          owif;udk jynfolYvTwfawmf wuf              tiSm;,mOfudkwdkufrdNyD; ,if;qkdifu,fay:yg vlokH;OD;'Pf&m&&SdcJhaMumif;
wpfvHk;ESifh oHwdkoHptenf;i,fom                          d f    f
                                             <uyf<uyftweYJ xkyxm;wmawGUw,f/            a&mufaeonfh a':atmifqef;pkMunf                                           f
                                                                                                                                 u,fq,fa&;aqmif&GucJhonfh &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;rD;owf OD;pD;XmexHrS
awGU&Sd&NyD; aygufuGJapwwfaom                wmarGbufoGm;wJhvrf;udk ydwfxm;            u eHeuf 10 em&D 0ef;usifwif NLD       G   pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
'DwdkaewmESifh ,rf;rsm; ,if;txkyf            w,f/ tdrf&mu vlawGudkvnf;                 ygwD0if jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;                    OD;pkd;odef;armif;ESifvmonfh uu^3036 wdk,dkwmrufwl;tjzLa&mif
      f            d
wGiyg0ifjcif;r&SaMumif; &efuewi;  k f kd f   tjyifrxGufcdkif;bl;}}[k rdkif;&Sif;vif;   vS,f OD;tkef;BudKifrSwpfqifh ar;jref;     ,mOfu taemf&xmvrf;twkdif; rD;ydGKifhpdrf;íarmif;ESifvmpOf ql;avbk&m;
a'oBuD ; &J w yf z G J U 0if w pf O D ; u              f          k       Id f
                                             a&;vkyaepOfjrif&yHukd 'Dvi;pmapmif        aMumif; 'DvdIif;pmapmifwdkufwm0ef&Sd      vrf;axmifhta&mufwGif odef;oef;rif; (c) ti,fav; armif;ESifvmonhf
twnfjyKajymMum;onf/                          owif;axmuf OD;ausmfat;Edkifu              olwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                    18C^81223 a0h-125 tjyma&mifqdkifu,fu rD;eDjzwfíarmif;ESifvmNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                       k      dk f d
                                                                                                                                 tiSm;,mOf\ nmbufjcrf;ud0ifwur&m tqkyg,mOfa&SU nmbufabmeuf d
                                                                                                                                 tzHk;ydefcsKdifhí qdkifu,fa&SUydkif;aMurGoGm;aMumif; rsufjrifawGU&Sdol touf
        oHk;&uftwGif; aoaMumif;BuHpnfrI av;BudrfjzpfyGm;                                                                         35 ESpft&G,f rD;owf0efxrf;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                    d      dk f I
                                                                                                                                           tqkyg,mOfwuraMumifh qkdifu,farmif;ESifol touf 24 ESpft&G,f
                                                                                                                                 odef;oef;rif;(c)ti,fav;u b,fbufaygifzl;a&mifNyD; qdkifu,fay:ygol
        &efukef? Mo*kwf 28
                &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; NrdKUe,fav;ckwGif Mo*kwfv 23 &ufrS 25 &ufaeYtxd oHk;&uftwGif;                                              f       k       f l              l
                                                                                                                                 touf 18 ESpt&G,f rd;ausmou 0Jbuf';acgif;aygufNyJ? b,fbufycH;k emusif
        rdru,u,f aoaMumif;BuHpnfrI av;Budrjf zpfym;cJaMumif; &efuewi;a'oBuD;&JwyfzUJG rSL;½H;xHrS od&&onf/
            d kd f kd                                       G h             k f dk f                   k      dS                                                  f
                                                                                                                                 'Pf&mESihf touf 17 ESpt&G,f pnfoxe;ub,fbufajccsif;0wfemusif?
                                                                                                                                                                                     l G f
                ,if;aoaMumif;BuHpnfrIrsm;rSm aumhrSL;? 'v? r&rf;ukef;? MunfhjrifwkdifNrdKUe,fwdkYwGif jzpfyGm;jcif;              OD;acgif;tenf;i,f'Pf&m&um &efukefaq;½HkBuD;wGifukorIcH,lae&aMumif;
        jzpfNyD; touf 15 ESpft&G,frS 74 ESpft&G,fMum;&Sd trsKd;om;? trsKd;orD;rsm;BuHpnfjcif;jzpfaMumif; wdkif;                              f
                                                                                                                                 &efukewkdif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;xHrS od&onf/
        &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;\ xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t&od&onf/                                                                                           d f      S                 dk f I             H
                                                                                                                                           qkiu,fEihf tiSm;,mOfwurukd ausmufwwm;NrdKUe,f rD;owfwyfzUJG rS
                aoaMumif;BuHpnf&mwGif rdcifqlaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;? aiGaMu;tqifrajyrIESifh rdom;pkjyóem                                     D                        D            D
                                                                                                                                 oaE¨r;owfwyfzUJG 0if ckepfO;? t&efr;owfwyfzUJG 0if 15 OD;jzifh u,fq,fa&;
        rsm;aMumifhvnf;aumif; aoaMumif;BuHpnfrIjzpfyGm;&jcif;jzpfaMumif; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;&JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;\                  aqmif&GufcJhaMumif; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; rD;owfOD;pD;XmexHrSod&onf/
        twnfjyKcsufrsm;t& od&onf/                                                                                                          tqkdyg ,mOfwkdufrIaMumifh qkdifu,farmif;ESifol odef;oef;rif;udk
                Mo*kwfv 23 &ufaeYu r&rf;ukef;NrdKUe,f (6)&yfuGuf? rif;"r®vrf;NcHwpfNcHwGif touf 39 ESpft&G,f                                      H                                f
                                                                                                                                 ausmufwwm;&Jpcef;u (y)293^12 yk'r 279^338 jziftrIziaqmif&uvsufh G hf   G f
        OD;0if;xGef;qdkolrSm qkdifu,farSmufí'kud©wjzpfaeNyD; aiGaMu;tqifrajyjcif;aMumifh tvkyform;wef;vsm;&Sd                    &SdaMumif; ,if;&JwyfzJGUrSL;½kH; xkwfjyefcsuft&od&onf/
        xkyfwef;ü ig;rl;vHk;cefY&SdEkdifvGefBudK;toHk;jyKí BudK;qGJcsaoqHk;aMumif; r&rf;ukef;NrdKUe,f&Jpcef;utwnfjyK
        ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                             avSmfum;-tif;pdef avmfu,f&xm;wkdufrdí wpfOD;aoqHk;
                aumhrSL;NrdKUe,f tazsmufaus;&Gm&Sd touf 15 ESpft&G,f roef;oDvGifrSmvnf; Mo*kwfv 24 &uf                           &efukef? Mo*kwf 24
        rGef;vGJ 2 em&DcefYwGif rdcif\qlylrIaMumifh tqdyfaomufaoqHk;cJhaMumif; aumhrSL;&Jpcef;\ xkwfjyefcsuft&                          &xm;wkdufrdí rawmfwq vlaoqHk;rIrsm;jzpfyGm;aeqJ jrefrmEkdifiH
        od&onf/                                                                                                                  wGif &efukefwkdif; tif;pdefNrdKUe,f tif;pdefblwmü q'´ef(5)trnf&Sd avSmfum;
                ,if;aeYwGifyif eHeuf 7em&D 45 rdepfcefYu MunfhjrifwkdifNrdKUe,f aps;av;&yfuGuf xD;wef;tdrf&m                     -tif;pdef avmfu,f&xm;wpfpD;0ifa&mufvmpOf &xm;vrf;jzwful;cJhol
        trSwf 58^64 ? tcef;trSwf 004 ü wpfOD;wnf;aexkdifol touf 74 ESpft&G,f OD;cifarmifMunfqdkolrSm                             wpfOD; yGJcsif;NyD;aoqHk;rI Mo*kwfv 20 &ufaeY eHeuf 11 em&D rdepf 40 cefYu
        rdom;pkvlrIa&;jyóem&Sdojzifh tjrihfckepfaycefY opfom;xkyfwef;wGif vHk;ywf wpfvufrEkdifvGefBudK;udk                       jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; tif;pdefblwm½Hkydkifu ajymMum;onf/
        toHk;jyKí BudK;qGJcsaoqHk;cJhaMumif; Munhfjrifwkdif&Jpcef;\ twnfjyKcsuft&od&onf/                                                aoqHk;oGm;olrSm touf 30 ausmfcefY&Sd trsKd;om;wpfOD;jzpfNyD; &xm;
                Mo*kwfv 25 &ufaeYu 'vNrdKUe,f 10^14 &yfuGuf yGJpm;wef;vrf;rBuD;&SdaetdrfwpftdrfwGif touf                                          f            l d f         d f
                                                                                                                                 0ifvmpOf ½kww&ufjzwfu;vkuojzifh wkurjd cif;jzpfaMumif; rsujf rifc&D;onf
        25 ESpft&G,f rNidrf;Nidrf;qdkolonf vnfyif;ü okH;aycefY&Sd zkef;tm;oGif;BudK;udk&pfywfí BudK;qGJcsaoqHk;                  wpfOD;uqkdonf/
        cJhaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;xHrSod&onf/                                                                    ,if;tjyif MunhfjrifwdkifblwmwGifvnf; Mo*kwfv 1 &ufaeY nae
                &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; aoaMumif;BuHpnfrIrsm;rSm ,cifESpfxufydkí jrifhwufvmaMumif ,if;                        4 em&DtcsdefcefYu toufig;ESpft&G,f&Sd rsufrjrifuav;i,fwpfOD; &xm;
        wyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                         wkdufrdojzifh aoqHk;oGm;aMumif; avSmfum;-&efukef &xm;xdef;wpfOD;u
                                                                                                                                 ajymMum;onf/                                                      ZmenfOD;
                                                                                                       '
                       NET N TECH
                                                                                                                                                                                               25
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                         The




Vol.8 / No.35                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                The
                                                                                                                                                                          September 3 - 9 , 2012

           SOFTWARE                                                                                                WEBSITE




       Virus                                                                                                   Movie
   awGukd                                                                                                 twdkav;awG
  owfypfr,f                                                                                              Download
      pufxJrSm Virus awG
jynfhusyfaevkdY pdwfnpfaeol
rsm;twGuf OK Virus Cleaner
                                                                                                             vkyfcsif&if
uxk w f a y;wJ h Software eJ Y
owfay;vkdY&rSmyg/ tJ'D Soft-                                                                                     d f df
                                                                                                               uk,or;xm;csif
ware awGukd wpfacGwnf;rSm pkpnf;
                                                                                                       wJh Movie twd k a v;
ay;xm;NyD; t&ifu 1 uae 4 txd                                                                           awGudk Youtube ay:
xkwfcJhovdkrsKd;yJ tck ig;ckajrmuf                                                                                            f
                                                                                                       rSmawGU&if wcsKUd u odr;
Version rSmyg0ifwJhtjyif Virus topfawG                                                                 xm;csifMuygw,f/ 'D Youtube u Movie twdkav;awGudk Download Manager eJY qGJvdkY&ayr,fh
udkowfzkdY Software awGudk Update vkyfay;xm;                                                           qGJvkdufwmeJY Share Connection qdk&if wjcm;pufawGudkyg Connecion aES;apNyD; tvkyfawGudk
ygw,f/ tJ'gtjyif toHk;jyKwJh User awG tvG,fwulodapzkdYtwGuf aqmhzf0Jvf xnfhoGif;                       xdckdufEkdifygw,f/ tJ'DtwGuf Youtube u Short Movie av;awGudk odrf;csifw,fqdkolawG
toHk;jyKyHkeJY wjcm; System ydkif;qkdif&m enf;ynmawGudk jrefrmbmomeJY&Sif;jyNyD; Tutorial AD',zif
                                                                                             D kd kd                                                                                   f
                                                                                                       twGuf Download Manager eJYrqGJbJ wkduf½dkufqGJvkdY&r,fhenf;av;udk nTejf yay;csiygw,f/
av;awGudkvnf; xnfhoGif;ay;xm;ygao;w,f/ 'Davmuftrsm;BuD;yg&if aps;EIef;BuD;rSmayghvkdY                  t&ifqHk; Firefox xJudk0ifyg/ NyD;&if Tools xJudk0ifay;yg/ NyD;&if Tools xJu Add-ons udk
xifaewJholawGtwGufvnf; 1500 usyfeJY tHhMoavmufzG,faumif;wJh aps;EIef;eJY a&mif;cs                      oGm;ay;yg/ Add-ons xJua&muf&if Add-ons Search Box rSm Easy Youtube Downloader qdNk yD;awmh
                                                                                                                                 dk
ay;xm;wmukd awGU&ygw,f/ aemufwpfckuawmh acG0,f&if pmtkyfygwGJNyD; xnfhay;xm;                           ½dkufay;yg/ trsm;BuD;usvm&if Easy Youtube Downloader qdkwJh Add-ons udk Download vkyfay;
ygao;w,f/ wu,fvkdY 0,f,lcsifw,fqkd&ifawmh pmtkyfqkdifawmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSm ar;jref;                          d f                      k
                                                                                                       vkuyg/ olYbmomol tvdtavsmuf Download vkyfay;oGm;rSmjzpfNyD; NyD;oGm;&if Install vkyfay;
0,f,lvdkY&rSmyg/                                                                                       yg/ xl;jcm;csufuawmh tjcm; Add-ons awG oGif;ovdkrsKd; Firefox udk Restart csay;p&m
                                                                                                       rvdktyfygbl;/ NyD;&if Youtube uae Short movie av;awGudk Download csvdkY&ygNyD/ Youtube
                                             WEBSITE                                                   uae Download csenf;uawmh udk,fBudKufwJh Short Movie Link av;udkzGifhNyD;awmh tJ'D Short
                                                                                                       Movie atmufav;rSm Download qdkwmav;udkawGUrSmjzpfNyD; M4A (best Qualiyty), MP3, MP4,

           oDcsif;awGudk 24 em&DvTifUay;aewJU                                                          FLV pwmawGudka&G;cs,fNyD; Download vkyfvdkY&rSmyg/ wu,fvdkY Easy Youtube Downloader
                                                                                                          k                                      h                    f
                                                                                                       udrawGU&if http://goo.gl/5D5Dt uaewpfqifvnf; Download vkyvYdk&ygw,f/

                                     Website                                                                      TECH



                                                                            tGevi;ay:uae tyef;
                                                                               f dk f
                                                                   ajzzkYd twGuf oDcsif;awGukd 24
                                                                   em&D xk w f v T i f h a y;aewJ h
                                                                                                       iPad 3G      rSm
                                                                   Website av;udk nTefjyay;csif
                                                                   ygw,f/ tJ'Dqkdufemrnfu                 GSM zkef;
                                                                   awmh pnf;vHk;jcif;oHpOfqkdwJh
                                                                   Website av;yg/ tJ'D Website
                                                                   xJrSm Main, Forum, Radio,
                                                                   Chat Room qdkwm&SdNyD; Main
                                                                                                          ajymcsifvm;
                                                                   rSmawmh olwkdY&JU aMunmcsuf                                S
                                                                                                                tckacwfBuD;xJrm Tablet
                                                                   udk wifay;xm;ygw,f/ Fourm           oHk;olawGrsm;vmNyD; awmfawmf
                                                                   rSmawmh olwkdY&JUa&'D,dkeJY ywf     rsm;rsm;uvnf; GSM zkef;uwf
                                                                   ouf w J h aMunmcsuf a wG ?          awGxnfhNyD; toHk;jyKvkdY&aeygNyD/
                                                                   a&'D,dkeJY ywfoufwmawGukd                 dk d                 h
                                                                                                       tJvrsK;yJ iPad 3G pepf &wJtxJrm  S
                                                                   0ifa&mufaqG;aEG;EdkifrSmjzpfNyD;    GSM uwfxnhfNyD; oHk;vkdY&atmif
                                                                   Chat Room rSmawmh MUM               vkdY vkyfay;aewJhqkdifav;udk nTefjyay;csifyg     aemufxGufwJh iPad 2 eJY New iPad rSm &&SdOD;rSm
                                                                   Crew uvlawGeYJ tjyifuvlawG          w,f/ tJ'D 3G &wJh iPad rSm wjcm;bmrS                    f                   f
                                                                                                                                                        r[kwao;ygbl;/ aps;EIe;uawmh av;aomif;
aysmfaysmf&Tif&Tifpum;ajymvkdY&zdkYtwGuf jyKvkyfay;xm;ygw,f/ olwkdY MUM Crew (pnf;vHk;                 xyfNyD;awmh Device awG cHp&mrvkdbJeJY zkef;eJY   usyfjzpfNyD; wu,fvYdk iPad 1 3G eJY GSM uwf
jcif;oHpOf) taeeJYawmh Song Request awGudk tav;xm;NyD; Request vkyforQudk xkwfvTifh                    ajymvkdY&r,fvkdY olwkdYu qkdygw,f/ 'gayrJh       xnfhNyD; toHk;jyKcsifw,fqkd&ifawmh udkbDEkd;
ay;oGm;rSmjzpfNyD; oDcsif;rsKd;pkHudkxkwfvTifhay;oGm;r,fvkdYqkdygw,f/ wu,fvkdY tvkyfxJrSmpdwf          olYtm;enf;csufuawmh GSM uwfukd iPhone            *drf;pufjyKjyifa&;ESifh *drf;ypönf;ta&mif;qkdif?
yifyef;aevkdY oDcsif;av;awGudk em;axmifcsifw,fqkd&ifawmh 24 em&DvHk;vTifhay;aewJh www.                               k d
                                                                                                       rSm jzwfovdrsK; Micro SIM jzpfatmif jzwf&rSm                                  G f
                                                                                                                                                        zkef;-380536 ukd qufo,pHkprf;ar;jref;vdkY
mumcrew. net rSm 0ifa&mufNyD; oDcsif;em;axmifwmawG? oDcsif;awmif;wmawGvkyfvkdY&rSmyg/                  jzpfygw,f/ 'ghtjyif iPad1 rSmyJ&rSmjzpfNyD;      &rSmyg/

                                                                                                                                WEBSITE




                                                                                                oHpOfawGudk pdwf0ifpm;wJUolawGtwGuf
                                                                                                       tajccHu avUvmr,f
                                                                                                    f       h l
                                                                                    oHpOfawGukd pdw0ifpm;wJoawGtwGuf tGefvkdif;ay:uae tajccHupNyD;awmh avhvmEkdifr,fhqkdufav;udk
                                                                              nTefay;csifygw,f/ tJ'DqkdufrSm oHpOfxGufwJhypönf;rSeforQ&JU taMumif;t&mawGudk wpfqifhcsif; wwfajrmufatmif
                                                                              avhvmvdkY&Ekdifygw,f/ Oyrm- Piano udkoGm;vkduf&if Piano eJYoufqkdifwJh Piano Duet, Piano 4 Hand , Organ, Accor-
                                                                              dion pwmawGudkvnf; xnfhoGif;ay;xm;NyD;awmh Free Piano Lesson qdkNyD;awmh atmufrSm avhvmvdkY&rSmyg/ tJ'D
                                                                                                                                                        l
                                                                              Free Piano Lesson &JUatmufqHk;rSmvnf; 'Doifcef;pmawG&JU Ebook awGukd 0,f,vdkY&atmif jyKvkyfay;xm;ygao;w,f/
                                                                              wu,fvdkY pdwf0ifpm;w,fqdk&if http://www.8notes. com rSm 0ifa&mufMunhf½IvdkY&rSmyg/
    26
    VOICE
  The




LETTER TO THE EDITOR
                        OPINION                                                                       wufvrf;rsm; ydwfaeygonf/ uRefawmfwdkYtm;bGJUay;? qr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012


                                                                                                                                                                                                      tm;vHk;&Edkifatmif zefwD;ay;yg/ xkdodkY rzefwD;ay;Edkifvnf;
awmifyHrJhaeaom BudK;Mumrsm;                                                                                 S f k S        k
                                                                                                      vufrway;½HEihf tm;vH;wm0efausNyDvm;/ uRefawmfwYkd ua&m                                          b0wufvrf;udk qufvufavQmufvSrf;Edkifatmif vrf;zGifhay;
od k Y                                                                                                bGJU,l? qrvufrSwf,lNyD; oifh&moifh&m tvkyf0ifvkyfae&wm                                          yg/ pOfqufrjywf ynmqnf;yl;Edkifatmif zefwD;ay;yg/
t,f'Dwm                                                                                               a&m wdkif;jynftwGuf wm0efausNyDvm;? jynfoltwGuf                                                                                                    G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                               uRefawmfwYkd qufvufysHoef;í&atmif aqmif&uay;Mu
           uRefawmfonf 2008 ckESpf 'DZifbmvwGif tvkyfoif                                              wm0efausNyDvm;/ uRefawmfwYkd u b0&yfwefYaeovdk cHpm;ae&                                         yg/ uRefawmfwdkY wpfOD;csif;pD\ tcuftcJrsm; rwlnDMuaomf
q&m0efoifwef;NyD;qHk;NyD; 2009 ckESpf rwfvwGif bGJU&&SdcJhyg                                                       H H                         d
                                                                                                      ygonf/ xyfrysoef;ír&ovd?k wufvrf;r&Sawmhovdk cHpm;ae                                            vnf; cHpm;csufuawmh wlMuygonf/ &nf&G,fcsufvnf;
                     h S
onf/ 2010 jynfEpf Zefe0g&DvwGif q&m0efrwywif oifwef;          S f kH                                                    kH          f l
                                                                                                      &ygonf/ aemufq; t&rf; *kP,&aom? t&rf;arQmfvif&aom h                                             wlMuygonf/ tm;vHk;qufvufavQmufvSrf;vdkMuygonf/
                                           S f d hJ
wpfvwufa&mufNyD; qrvufrw&&Scygonf/ ,aeYxqdkvQif                            d                          q&m0efwpfa,muf\b0udk aMumuf&UHG vmygonf/ pdwysuvmf f                                            &yfwefYraecsifMuyg/ udk,fhynmtwGuf? udk,fh&nf&G,fcsuf
uRefawmfbGJU&&SdonfrSm oHk;ESpfausmfcJhygNyD/ uRefawmfonf                                             ygonf/ uRefawmfwdkYb0 OD;wnfcsufr&Sdovdk cHpm;&ygonf/                                           twGuf rNyD;qHk;ao;csifMuyg/ uRefawmfwdkY\ q&mBuD;rsm;?
vufaxmufq&m0efwpfOD;tjzpf EdkifiHhwm0efxrf;aqmif&ef                                                   tm;vHk;awmfawmfrsm;rsm;vnf; uRefawmfhvdk cHpm;&rnf[k                                            EdkifiHawmftBuD;tuJrsm;tm;vHk; uRefawmfwdkY\ cHpm;csufudk
apmifhqdkif;ae&onfrSm ,aeYtxdyifjzpfygonf/ 2011 ckESpf                                                xifygonf/ b0\'kwd,t&G,fxJa&mufvmygNyD/ bmrS                                                                    k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      em;vnfray;Edivnf; uRefawmfwYkd qufvufavQmufvr;cGi&    S f hf
pufwifbmvu EdkifiHawmfrS vufaxmufq&m0ef&mxl; 500                                                      a&a&&m&mr&Sdao;yg/ wdusaomqHk;jzwfcsufvnf; rcsEdkifao;                                          atmif aqmif&Gufay;Muyg/
OD; a&G;cs,fac:,lygonf/ uRefawmfvnf; 0ifa&mufta&G;cHcyg                        hJ                     yg/ ra&&maom toufarG;0rf;ausmif;rIudkom oifhovdktajc                                                    OD;wnfcsuf? &nf&G,fcsuf &yfwefYaESmifhaES;ae&aom
onf/ a&G;cs,fjcif;rcHcJh&yg/ ,ckwpfBudrf 2012 ckESpf                                                  taet& vkyfae&onf[k cHpm;&ygonf/                                                                                           bGJU&q&m0efrsm;xJrS 2009 ckESpf?
pufwifbmvwGif xyfrHac:,lygrnf/ uRefawmf0ifa&muf                                                              aemufqHk;taejzifh uRefawmfwdkYtwGuf tvkyftudkifrsm;                                                                        rwfvbGJU&q&m0efwpfOD;
ta&G;cHygrnf/ a&G;cs,jf cif;cH&rnf? rcH&rnfukd uReawmfrodyg/         f
           uRefawmfwifjyvdkwmu uRefawmfwdkY q&m0efawmfawmf                                             LETTER TO THE EDITOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                      onfh ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;onf ,ckvdkrdk;wGif;umv
rsm;rsm;\ &ifxJwGif jynfolrsm;tm; udk,fvkyfay;Edkifonfh                                               od k Y                                                                                          rdk;zGJzGJwpfcg? onf;onf;wpfvSnfh &GmoGef;aeonfhMum;rS NrdKUESifh
twdkif;twmtxd taumif;qHk;vkyfay;csifonfhpdwf? udk,fh&yf?                                              t,f'DwmcifAsm;                                                                                  ig;rdkiftuGmta0;&Sd ausmif;awmfBuD;&Sd&modkY pmayoifMum;
udk,fh&Gm? udk,fha'otwGuf wm0efudk wwfEdkifonfhbufrS                                                                 f                     k f                 k G k f
                                                                                                               &Sr;jynfe,f (ta&SUydi;) rS jynfaxmifpzm; wdi;&if;om;                                                                                   d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ynm,lMu&ef eHeuf 8 em&D ausmif;wufcseukd tm;cJBudK;pm;um
              f kd        f kd f D dS
xrf;&Guvaompdwu,p&ygonf/ xdYk jyif rdrwwfajrmufxm;               d                                    vli,fuav;rsm; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wuftqifhjrifhrm;ap&ef EdkifiHawmf                                              f D         dS G
                                                                                                                                                                                                      tcsdera&muf&om;cJMh uygaomfvnf; q&m? q&mrrsm;taejzifh
onfhynmudk pOfqufrjywf qnf;yl;vdkaompdwf? ,ckxuf                                                      tBuD;tuJrsm;\ apwemrsm;jzifh enf;ynmwuúovf (usKi;wH)           kd     df k                      twef;tcsdefrSef pmoifMum;ay;rIrjyKvkyfay;Mujcif;? q&m?
jrifhrm;aom ynm&yfqdkif&mbGJUrsm;? tajctaersm; &&Sdvdkaom                                             udk usKdif;wHkNrdKUESifh ig;rdkifwdwd tuGmta0;&Sd rdkif;vyfaus;&Gm                              q&mrrsm; oifwef;oGm;a&mufwufae&jcif;? vlra&;udp&yfrsm;         I        ö
pdwfrsm;&SdMuygonf/ uRefawmftygt0if? bGJU&NyD;om;q&m0ef                                                      f                                      h
                                                                                                      tkypk aemifuefaus;&GmteD;wGif vSycHnm;pGm wnfaqmufxm;&SchJ               d                      jzifh c&D;xGufcGmaeMujcif;ESifh tcsKdUaom q&m? q&mrrsm;rSm
                                                                                                      onfhtwGuf &Srf;jynfe,f (ta&SUydkif;) twGif;&Sd NrdKUe,frsm;rS                                   0ifcsifonfhtcsdef 0ifoifí r0ifcsifonfhtcsdef pmoifcef;
           k               d                   I
tm;vH;eD;yg;onf rdrb0&yfwnfrtwGuf oifavsm&mtvkyukd              h f          f                        jynfaxmifpkzGm; wdkif;&if;om;vli,fuav;rsm; enf;ynm
,cktcsetxd vkyuiMf uygonf/ ud,yiaq;cef;zGixm;jcif;?
             d f         f kd                    k f kd f               hf                                                                                                                                       f                                          f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                      twGi;odYk r0ifbJ aeMujcif;rsm; jzpfay:vsu&ae&m wpf&ufwm
                                                                                                                kd f d f k
                                                                                                      wuúov(usKi;wH)odYkwufa&mufynmoif,ci&&SaeMuygonf/      l G hf d                                                d k d f dS h                 df
                                                                                                                                                                                                      pmoifcsef ud;cse&onfteuf av;cseom trsm;qH; pmoifMum;             k
     ¾
yk*vduaq;½Hk^aq;cef;rsm;wGif 0ifa&mufvkyfudkifjcif;? NGO/                                                      ,ckvuf&Sd odyÜHESifhenf;ynmjynfaxmifpk0efBuD;uvnf;
INGO rsm;wGif 0ifa&muf vkyuijf cif;rsm;rSm uReawmfwYkdtwGuf
                                      f kd                         f                                                                                                                                                                              d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      aeMu&ygonf/ ausmif;vufawGUtcsersm;rSmvnf; tcseZ,m;                    d f
                                                                                                      odyÜHESifhenf;ynm0efBuD;Xmevufatmuf&Sd wuúodkvfrsm;\                                            ay:wGifom&SdaeNyD; ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm; vufawGUcef;
       h               f                     k f kd f
oifavsmf&mtvkyukd 0ifa&mufvyuiae&jcif;omjzpfygonf/                                                    ynma&;tqiftwef;udk jriwifay;vsu&ae&m ,cif Ny;D cJonfEpf
                                                                                                                        h             § hf            f dS               h hS                         twGif;odkY 0ifcGifhr&Mujcif;? MumMumrS wpfcg0ifcGifh&&SdjyefvQif
         f
uReawmfwYkd awmfawmfrsm;rsm;\ qE´trSermawmh vufaxmuf   f S                                            ynmoifESpf\ atmifpm&if;rsm;wGif enf;ynmwuúodkvf                                                 vnf; oufqdkif&mypönf;ud&d,mrsm;u pHkvifrIr&Sdjcif;rsm;udk
q&m0efwpfa,muftjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmifEia&;? xdrwpfqifh        kd f        k S                            (usKdif;wHk) rS atmifjrifolr&Sdonfh bmom&yfrsm;tygt0if                                          &ifqdkifBuHKawGUaeMu&ygonf/
uRefawmfwdkYb0\wufvrf;udk &SmazGvdka&;yifjzpfygonf/                                                                                               h
                                                                                                      ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm; tusrsm;cJojzifh tcsKUd aomausmif;om;?                                                                                     kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;u oufqi&marmfue;xde;xH         G f f
           uRef a wmf t"d u wif j yvd k o nf r S m uRef a wmf w d k Y r S m                                                                    kd       f k
                                                                                                      ausmif;olwYkd enf;ynmwuúovf (usKdi;wH) udk ausmcdi;pGeYf cm       k f      G                                                              G f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      odkY wifjyvdMk uygaomfvnf; armfue;xde;rSm b,fNrdKUodkY c&D;
                   k
jynfaxmifp&mxl;0eftzGUJ u a&G;cs,faom vufaxmufq&m0ef                                                              d f k        kd f
                                                                                                      um usKi;wHwuúovoYkd ul;ajymif;oGm;cJMh uygonf/ enf;ynm                                          xGufcGmaeonf rod&yg/ ,cktcg ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;rSm
&mxl;om apmifharQmfae&ygonf/ xdk&mxl;rSrygvQif usefwJh                                                wuúodkvf (usKdif;wHk) rS ynm&yfrsm;udkom oifMum;&,lvdkMu                                        pmoifMum;cGifhr& &SdMuonfh bmom&yfrsm;rS oifcef;pmrsm;udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      fS f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      &rf;oef;xif&m usurwaeMu&ygonf/ odyEienf;ynm0efBuD;     HÜ S hf
        LETTER TO THE EDITOR                                                                                                                                                                          u ,cktcg Unseen ar;cGef;rsm; ar;avh&Sd&m ausmif;om;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ausmif;olrsm;rSm oifcef;pmrsm;udkyif oifMum;cGifh jynfhjynfh00
    toem;cHtyfygonf                                                                                                                                                                                   r&&SdMuojzifh &rf;oef; xif&mBudK;pm;usufrSwfaeMu&csdefwGif
                - ,ckjzpfaewJh vTwfawmfeJY zGJUpnf;yHkcHk½Hk;jyóem[m pum;vHk;wpfckudk udk,fh½Iaxmifhuudk,f t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkNyD;                                                                       Unseen ar;cGef;rsm;udk rnfodkYajzqdkEdkifMuygrnfenf;[k tb
    jiif;cHkaeMuwmjzpfygw,f/                                                                                                                                                                          odyÜHESifh enf;ynm jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;udk ½dkaoav;pm;pGmjzifh
                             k                                              k         h                   k             k
                - zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'rSm ]jynfaxmifptqiftzGUJ tpnf;} qdwhJ pum;vH;udk atmufygae&m? yk'rrsm;rSm azmfjyxm;ygw,f/                                f                                     ar;jref;cGifhrsm;&&SdvQif ar;jref;wifjycsifygonf/
                pmrsufESm 28 pmaMumif;a& 19 yk'fr 77 (*)? pmrsufESm 31 pmaMumif;a& 24 yk'fr 90? pmrsufESm 32 pmaMumif;a&                                                                                         odYjkzpfygí enf;ynmbmom&yfrsm;udk 0goemygvGe;f í ud,wif        k f kd
    1 yk'fr 91? pmrsufESm 32 pmaMumif;a& 14 yk'fr 92 (c)? pmrsufESm 33 pmaMumif;a& 22 yk'fr 97 (u) (1)? pmrsufESm 35                                                                                  a&G;cs,fqHk;jzwfwufa&mufcJhMuonfh ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;
    pmaMumif;a& 5 yk'fr 100 (u)? pmrsufESm 35 pmaMumif;a& 15 yk'fr 101? pmrsufESm 36 pmaMumif;a& 2 yk'fr 103 (c) (1)?                                                                                      f                  f T f G                  h
                                                                                                                                                                                                      pdwat;csrf;aysm&ipm ynm&nfEYkd jynfjh ynf00 aomufoHk;EdkifMu
                    f S                                           f                         f S
    pmrsuEm 40 pmaMumif;a& 17 yk'r 112 (*)? pmrsuEm 48 pmaMumif;a& 20 yk'r 133 (c)? pmrsuEm 50 pmaMumif;a& 21                       f                             f S                                 apa&;twGuf oufqdkif&mrS vdktyfovdk pDpOf aqmif&Gufay;
    yk'fr 138 (u)? pmrsufESm 51 pmaMumif;a& 21 yk'fr 140? pmrsufESm 56 pmaMumif;a& 21 yk'fr 158 (u)? pmrsufESm 57                                                                                     Ediyg&ef The Voice Weekly rSwpfqifh a&;om; wifjytyfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                        kf
    pmaMumif;a& 18 yk'fr 160? pmrsufESm 83 pmaMumif;a& 18 yk'fr 230 (u)? pmrsufESm 83 pmaMumif;a& 20 yk'fr 230 (u)                                                                                                                         enf;ynmwuúodkvf (usKdif;wHk)
                - tJ'D 16 ckaom ]jynfaxmifpktqifhtzGJUtpnf;} qdkwJh pum;vHk;awGudk azmfjyxm;wJh yk'frrsm;udk xkwf,lqifjcif                                                                                                                   ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;
    qufpyfoHk;oyfMunfh&if tJ'D 16 ck &nfñTef;wmrSm vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm; ryg0ifygbl;/ vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;eJY rouf
    qdkifygbl;/ cHk½Hk;&JUwm0ef[m zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdk&wmjzpfvdkY olu olodwJh? oleJYqdkifwJh ]jynfaxmifpk                                                                        LETTER TO THE EDITOR
                h                                           k                                    k S f             k kH
    tqiftzGUJ tpnf;} taMumif;udyJ ajymwmyg/ 'Dae&mrSm yd&i;atmif cH½;&JU ]jynfaxmifptqiftzGUJ tpnf;} qdwhJ pum;vH;udk                      k            h                         k             k     ok d Y
                                    k              f            S f
    ]16 ck} vdYk pum;vH;zvS,owfrwajymMunfMh u&atmifyg/ 'Dawmh cH½;&JUqdv&if; qH;jzwfcsufu ]zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya't&k kH    k kd        k                                      k                        t,f'Dwm
    vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;onf 16 ck r[kwfyg}? ]16 ckwGif tusKH;r0ifyg}/ ]16 ckeJYrwlyg}? ]zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGifyg0ifaom                                                                                       rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; r[matmifajrNrdKUe,f oHvQufarSmf
    16 ckonf vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;udk r&nfñTef;yg}/ ]vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;udk 16 ckwGif owfrSwfjcif;onf zGJUpnf;yHk                                                                                                         G f      f d
                                                                                                                                                                                                      taemuf&yfuutwGi;ü&Saom opfpufrsm;teD; ywf0ef;usifrS
    tajccHOya'ESifh rnDyg}/ ]zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya't& vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;udk 16 ckwGif rowfrSwfyg/ 'gygyJ? 'D[mudk                                                                                     vltrsm;onf opfpufrsm;\ opfvHk;BuD;rsm;cGJpdwfjzwfawmuf
    ajymvd&if;yg/ 'gayrJh 16 ckae&mrSm e*dpum;vH;udjk yefxnfNh yD; Ediiawmf&UJ tqiftjrifq; w&m;½H;wpf½;jzpfvYkd qH;jzwfcsuf
                   k                                                  k          k                       k f H                    h     h kH                  k         kH            k               qlnHoHrsm;aMumifh pdwftaESmifht,Sufrsm;jzpfí at;csrf;pGm
    udk cefYnm;pGm ½Hk;oHk;taeeJY a&;vdkufawmh ]vTwfawmftoD;oD;u zGJUpnf;xm;onfh aumfrwD? aumfr&SifESifh tzGJUwdkYtm;                                                                                 aexkdifír&bJ yifyef;EGrf;e,frIrsm;udk cHpm;aeMu&ygonf/
    jynfaxmifptqifh tzGUJ tpnf;tjzpf xnhoi;t"dym,fziqjkd cif;onf zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihf nDñwrI
                         k                                                 f G f           Ü G hf                              k                                                               G f             odkYjzpfygí rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; r[matmifajrNrdKUe,f
    r&SdaMumif;} qdkNyD; jzpfvmwmyg/                                                                                                                                                                  oHvQufarSmftaemuf&yfuGuftwGif;ü&Sdaom opfpufrsm;tm;
                wpfzufu vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm;&JU ]jynfaxmifptqiftzGUJ tpnf;} qdwpum;vH;u omreft&yfo;Hk ? trsm;jynfol
                                             f           kd f           f                            k       h                   k hJ             k                                                   vdktyfovdk ppfaq;ta&;,laqmif&Gufay;Ekdifyg&ef t,f'Dwm
    oH;taeeJYyg/ Ediiawmfwpfcv;Hk &JU Oya'jyKa&;tmPmudk t"du udiw,usio;Hk aewJh vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm;ud?k wpfenf;
       k                   kfH                         k                                                    k f G f hf                          f           kd f               f                      rSwpfqifh oufqkdif&mXmeqdkif&mrsm;odkY xdxda&mufa&muf
             kd f H                      S           l
    wpfEiiv;kH &JU rJqE´&ijf ynforsm;u a&G;cs,vuwhJ jynfoYlu,pm;vS,rsm;udk jynfaxmifptqifvYkd rowfrwjf cif;udk vufrcHwm
                                                                          f kd f                   kd f         f                        k            h               S                                      f                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      vsivsijf refjref ajz&Si;ay;Ekiyg&ef av;pm;pGm wifjytyfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     df
    [m obm0usygw,f? rSeuefygw,f/ 'gayrJh 'Dup[m cH½;kH &JUtjypfvnf; r[kwygbl;/ olYtaeeJYuawmh 'D 16 ckuyJ t"dym,fziqkd
                                                 f                                 dö          k                             f                                                   kd     Ü G hf                                              em;'ku©cHaeMu&olrsm;
         f                            dS                                                  S f          Ü G hf kd
    &Si;vif;zdYk wm0ef&wmyg/ tjcm;ae&mrsm;u owfrwt"dym,fziqcsufrsm;udk &nfñe;ud;um;vdYk r&ygbl;/ olYvyyicihf                                 T f k                                       k f kd f G
    r[kwfygbl;/ NyD;awmh 'D 16 ckudk azmfjyxm;wJh zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkwmuvnf; EdkifiH&JUtjrifhqHk;Oya'jzpfaeygw,f/                                                                                           The Voice Weekly onf Ed k i f i H t usKd ; twG u f
                'Dae&mrSm rd;ukwq&mawmfb&m;BuD; a[mcJwhJ w&m;taMumif;ajymvdygw,f/ vlwpfa,mufukd vlrsK;jcm; wpfa,muf
                                  k            f                    k                   h                                  k                                               d                            wpfaxmifhwpfae&mrS yg0ifvdkol EdkifiHom;pmzwfolrsm;u
    u olwdkYbmompum;eJY qJaewmudk tJ'DtqJcH&wJholu pum;em;rvnfawmh pdwfrqdk;? a'gorxGufbJ &,f&,farmarm                                                                                                  ay;ydkYaom tBuHjyKpmrsm;ESifh jynfolrsm;\toHrsm; ponf
    ygyJ/ pum;em;vnfoGm;awmh pdwfqdk;w,fwJh/ ]ynwf? onm? pdwf? apwoduf} wdkY obm0udk &Sif;vif;a[mMum;wmyg/                                                                                              wkdYukd t,f'DwmhxHay;pmu@taejzifh ykHrSefazmfjyay;vsuf
    tJ'oabmtwdi; pOf;pm;Munf&if vlwpfa,mufu olwYkd bmompum;eJY aumif;aumif;rGereajymwm[m tajymcH&wJo&UJ
           D                   k f                            h                                                                                     f G f                                    h l          d
                                                                                                                                                                                                        &Sygonf/ ,cifxuf ykryivif;vmaomtajymif;tvJrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    d dk G hf
    bmompum;rSm qJwJhpum;jzpfae&ifawmh tajymcH&wJholu pdwfqdk;rSmyg/ 'DvdkjzpfwwfwJh w&m;udk tajccHESvHk;oGif;NyD;                                                                                          hf                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ESitnD ,cifu ay;pmu@wGirazmfjyEkiconfpmrsm;ukd   d f hJ h
                                                                                                                                                                                                        yg azmfjyay;vsuf&Sdygonf/ okdYaomf ay;ykdYaomowif;
    tckjyóemrSm yg0ifywfoufwJh wm0ef&Sdolrsm;tm;vHk; (tm;vHk;) udk twå? rme? a'gorsm; avQmhcsNyD; oef; 60 aom                                                                                           tcsuftvufrSefuef? wdus? ckdifvkHrI &Sd? r&SdESifh ay;ykdYolu
    jynfolrsm;twGufvnf;aumif;? urÇmhtv,frSm rsufESm&ump EdkifiHawmftwGufvnf;aumif; yl;aygif;n§dEdIif; tajz&Sm                                                                                                  d                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ay;ykYaomowif;tcsutvuf\ckirmwdusrudk trSewu,f df    I     f
    aqmif&Gufay;MuygvdkY jynfolwpfa,muftaeeJY toem;cHtyfygw,fcifAsm;/                                                                                                                                              l dk                        D
                                                                                                                                                                                                        wm0ef,Eijf cif; &S?d r&Sd t,f'wmtzGUJ u twnfjyKcsu&,l       f
                zGJUpnf;yHkcHk½Hk;taeeJY pmrsufESm 23 rsufESm&SdwJh qHk;jzwfcsufrSmrl oabmw&m;? zGifhqdk&Sif;vif;csufrsm;udk jyifqif&ef                                                                 Ekdif&ef ,if;u@okdY ay;pmay;ykdYolrsm;taeESifh ay;ykdYol\
    r[kwfbJ aemufqHk;pD&ifqHk;jzwfcsufudkyJ pum;vHk;toHk;tEIef;udk qdkvdk&if; t"dyÜm,fvnf;raysmuf? ESpfOD;ESpfzufvnf;                                                                                                    df        f Hk H
                                                                                                                                                                                                        trnf? ae&yfvypm? rSwywifeygwf? qufo,&ef w,fvze;    G f        Dkf
                  H kd f                   k                                                 f
    vufcEir,fh pum;vH;rsm;eJY jyifqifay;&efjzpfNyD; vTwawmftaeeJYvnf; tckavmavmq,f jzpfEiwtxd vufcay;apvdkNyD;                                            kd f hJ                   H                                                         h G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        eHygwfwYdkudk (rjzpfrae) xnfoi; ay;ykYd Muyg&ef av;pm;pGm
    xyfrHvdktyfcsufudkawmh Oya'jyifqifjcif;enf;vrf;eJY aqmif&GufMuzdkYtBuHjyKwifjytyfygw,fcifAsm;/ jynfolwpfOD;                                                                                         today;tyfygonf/
  Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                    HEALTH                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       27



udkvufpxa&m rSwfpk (3)
qufydkifvif;cefh (aq; - 2)
(11) jynfU0qDESifU rjynfU0qD                           pDrSm yg0ifwJh rjynfh0wJh"mwfpnf;                tjrihfqHk;t&G,f toufav;q,f
          tqD a wG u d k jynf h 0 qD r sm;             ta&twGuftay:rlwnfNyD; {ur                              f kd f
                                                                                                        ausmyi;vnf; a&mufa&m? ESv;aoG; kH
(Saturated Fats)     eJYrjynfh0qDrsm;                  jynf h 0 qD r sm; (Monounsaturated               aMumydwf? aoG;wdk;? qD;csKd? avjzwf
                                                       Fats) eJY A[krjynfh0qDrsm; (Poly-                avjzef;pwJha&m*g&SdwJhvlemwpfydkif;
                                       f
(Unsaturated Fats) qdNk yD; ESprsKd;cGjJ cm;
                                                       unsaturated Fats) vdkYcGJjcm;ygw,f/              jzpfa&mqdk&if wkdif;jynft&rf;epfem
xm;ygw,f/ jynfh0qDawGrsm;rsm;
pm;oH;jcif;[m aoG;wGi;raumif; wJh
        k                        f                     twdtustac:ta0: Polyunsatu-                       ygw,f/
                                                       rated Fatly Acids &JU xdyfppmvHk;awG                     pdppforQvnf;wif;wif;usyf
   k
udvufpxa&mrsm;udk jrihwufapNyD;    f
aoG;aMumrsm;udkvHk;0aemufaMumif;                       udk ,lNyD; PUFA (ylzSm) vdkYvnf;ac:              usyf rSefrSefuefuef&Sdapvdkygw,f/
jyefvdkYr&avmufatmif usOf;ajrmif;                      Muygw,f/ ¤if;ESpfrsKd;pvHk;[m aoG;               tcsKdUaom jrefrmvlrsKd;rsm; r[kwf
ydwfqdkYapvdkY usef;rma&;eJYrnDnGwf                          f k
                                                       wGi;udvufpxa&m yrmPudk use;                  f   wmvkyfwJhae&m avQmhwGufvdkYr&yg/
aomqDtrsKd;tpm;rsm;vdkY qdkEkdifyg                     rmwJh taetxm;rSm xdef;xm;jcif;                   zGJEkqDavmuf teYHraumif;wJhqDudk
w,f/ 'Dvdkraumif;wJh tmedoif&Sd&                       jzifh ESvHk;aoG;aMumydwf? avjzwf                 awmif refusnf;oD;vufwpfqkyfeJY
jcif;[m tqdkygtqDrsm;&JU armfvD                        avjzef;a&m*grsm;udk umuG,fay;yg                  teHYaysmufatmifvkyfNyD; yJqDeJYa&m
usL;wnfaqmufyHkrSm "mwfpnf;                            w,f/ 'gaMumifh rjynfh0qD<u,f0                    odkYr[kwf yJqDteHYxGufapwJh "mwk
(Chemical Bond) tvGwfawGvHk;0r
                                                       aom tpm;tpmrsm;udk aeYpOfwpfrsKd;                ypönf;eJYa&mNyD; ajryJqDqdkNyD; vkyf
&SdbJ tjynfht0wnfaqmufxm;vdkY                          r[kwfwpfrsKd; rygrjzpf pm;aomuf                            d f hJ      d f H
                                                                                                        a&mif;Ekiwae&mrSm Ekiiwum "mwk
jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifvnf; jynf0qD
                            h                h         ay;oifhygw,f/                                                     f      fd
                                                                                                        aA'ynm&Sirsm;yif rsupvnfavmuf
vdkYac:wmyg/ wcsKdUtqDawGu &nf                                     yifv,fig;rsm;ESifh ¤if;wdkYrS        ygw,f / 'D v d k "mwk y pö n f ; awG
&G,fcsufwpfckcktwGuf (Oyrm ydkí                                 f kf
                                                       xkwvyxm;aom ig;BuD;qD(q,fvf                      jynfwGif;0ifrvmatmifvnf; wif;
taMumfcatmif? pm;aomufz,wpfck
            H                            G f           rGef? wlem? qm'if; ponfwdkYrS xkwf               usyfoifhygw,f/
ckxJ xnfh&vG,fatmif pojzihf)                           xm;aom tdkrD*go&D; tqDtufqpf                     (12) udkvufpxa&m jrifUwufap
"mwkenf;eJY yHkajymif;xm;wJh Trans                                    h G f
                                                       rsm;? jznfpupmtjzpf aomufo;Ekif       kH d                                                   jyKjyifajymif;vJ,lEkdifygw,f/                    jznfhoifhygw,f/
                                                       onf/ a&csKdig;trsm;pku 'kwd,OD;                  aom tcsufrsm;
Fats ac:yHajymif;qDawGjzpfaewwfyg
                k
                                                       pm;ay;jzpfNyD; tqDrsm;vGef;aom                           udkvufpxa&mudk jrihfwuf
                                                                                                                                                    (13) usm;^ruGJjym;rIESifU                                             k
                                                                                                                                                                                                     (14) uav;rsm;ESiUf udvufpxa&m
w,f/ rl&if;qDu rjynfh0qDjzpfae                                                                                                                                                                                 tqDydwf? aoG;aMumydwfjzpf
      h dk f       k
onfwiatmif yHajymif;vkuNf yDq&if     d         kd             d                     h
                                                       a&csKig;tcsKUd onf jynf0qDrsm;yg0if              vmapNyD; a&m*gaygif;pHk 0ifvmap zkdY        udkvufpxa&m
                                                       aeonf/) tcGHrmoD;tqefrsm; tm;                                                                           aoG;rqHk;rDtcsdeftxd trsKd;           wm[m uav;awGeJYrqkdifygbl;/
jynfh0qDjzpfoGm;wmygyJ/                                                                                 tm;ay;wJh tcsuf (Risk Factors)
                                                       vHk; (Walnuts, Almonds, Pistachios,                                                          orD ; awG & J U aoG ; wG i f ; pk p k a ygif ;                      f dk    S
                                                                                                                                                                                                     oufBuD;&G,tawGrmyJ jzpfwmygvkYd
          jynfyu 0ifwtpm;taomuf
                         hJ                                                                             awGudk udk,fujyKjyifEkdifwJh tcsuf
                                                       Hazel, Macadamia, oD[Vaph pojzif)
                                                                                      kd f        h                                                      k
                                                                                                                                                    udvufpxa&myrmP[m trsK;om;               d        ,lq&if rSm;ygvdrfhr,f/ uav;
awmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSm Trans Fat yrm                                                                       rsm; (Modifiable Factors) eJYudk,fu
                                                       ajryJqDppfppf? aeMumqD? yJydpyfqD?                                                           awG a tmuf twef i ,f e nf ; wm                   t&G,frSm cE¨mudk,f&JU ZD0½kyfjzpfysuf
Pudk ½dkufESdyfazmfjyxm;ayr,fh jynf                                                                     jyKjyifvdkYr&EkdifwJh tcsufrsm; (Non-
                                                       ESrf;qD? avQmfaphqD (Flax Seed Oil) ?                                                        obm0ygyJ / aumif ; wJ h HDL                      rI[m taumif;qHk;jyóemtenf;
wGif;u tpm;taomufawGrSmawmh                                                                             Modifiable Factors) vdkYESpfrsKd;cGJjcm;
                                                       oH v G i f q D ? aeMumaph ? z½H k a ph ?                                                     udkvufpxa&mrSmvnf; ydkrsm;avh&Sd                 qHk;taetxm;rSm &SdaewJhtwGuf
'Dtavhtxenf;aeao;wmawGU&yg                                                                              Ekdifygw,f/ ,cifwpfywfu a&;cJh
                                                       axmywfoD;? tqDenf;NyD; Trans                                                                 ygw,f/ 'g[m trsKd;om;awGxuf                      uav;awGu tvktavsmufuvuf  d          kd
w,f/ wcsKUd tpm;taomufawGq&if                     kd                                                    ovdk rdom;pkrsKd;½dk;rSm udkvufpx
                                                       Fats Free jzpfatmif txl;vkyfxm;                                                              pm&if tpm;taomuftaetxdkifudk                     pxa&mwufvmwmrsKd;awmhr&Sdyg
tqDtrsK;tpm;awGucjJG cm;NyD;awmif
              d               kd                                                                                h         k
                                                                                                        a&mjrifwhJ rsKd;½d;ygvmjcif; odYk r[kwf
                                                       aom rm*s&if;rsm;? ra&medrsm;pwm                                                              usef;rma&;eJYavsmfnDatmif aexdkif                bl;/ 'gayrJh tqDtqdrfh? tcsKdt&rf;
½duEyxm;wmawGU&ygw,f/ 0,f,l
  k f dS f                                                                                              rdbbdk;bGm;rsm;\ aq;rSwfwrf;rsm;
                                                       awG[m rjynhf0qDawG <u,f0wJh                                                                                      k
                                                                                                                                                    wwfwm&,f? udvufpxa&mtwGuf                        cHkrifvGef;NyD; upm;ckefpm;enf;yg;wJh
olrsm;taeeJY 'gudkowdjyKMunhf½I                                                                         t& jrihfaom rsKd;½dk;tpOftvm&Sdjcif;
                                                       tpm;taomufrsm;jzpfygw,f/                                                                     tEÅ&m,frsm;wJh aexkdifrIawG(Oyrm                 uav;awG[m t0vGefvmMuNyD;
0,fapvdkygw,f/                                                                                          eJ Y touf t &G , f B uD ; &if h v mjcif ;
                                                                   tMurf;zsi;tm;jzifh tqDwpfck
                                                                            f                                                                                               D
                                                                                                                                                    aq;vdy?f t&ufb,m oH;pGjJ cif;awG)k               uav;b0uwnf;u aoG;aMum
                                                                                                        (trsKd;orD;rsm;üaoqkH;jcif;udkyg
    U
jynf0qD <u,f0aom tpm;taomuf                            [m awmf½Hktylcsdefenf;½HkeJY cJcsifvm            xnfhwGuf&onf)qkdwJhESpfcsufuyJ                 k                  h
                                                                                                                                                    ydenf;wmaMumif&,fvdkY tMurf;zsif;                tenfus usOf;ajrmif;ydwqYdk whJ Ath-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
        0ufom;? Muufqifom;ESifh                                                                                                                                                                      erosclerosis a&m*gjzpfvmMuwm avh
                                                       &if jynf0qDrsm;wmudazmfjyygw,f/
                                                                    h             k                     udk,fujyKjyifvkdYr&EkdifwJhtcsufrsm;        ,lqEkdifygw,f/
wd&pämeftom;rsm;(txl;ojzifh tqD                        a&cJaowåmatmufqifhrSm xm;vdkY                                                                           aemufxyfBu;D pGmaomtumt&H                            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                     vmawGU&Sxm;&ygw,f/ 'Dvdk uav;
                                                                                                        xJrSm ygwmyg/
ESihf t&Gursm;aomae&mrsm;udk qdvkd
             f                      k                  vHk;0rcJbl;qdk½Hkavmufawmifrqdk;                                                             wpfcku trsKd;orD;a[mfrkef; tDpx                  awGBuD;vm&if ESvHk;eJYaoG;aMumydwf
                                                                                                                udkvufpxa&mESifh jynfh0qD
onf/ yHkrSefpm;aomufaeus ig;                           bl;vdkY qdkEdkifygw,f/ 'gayrJhpm;oHk;                                                        ½dk*sif (Estrogen) ygyJ/ tDpx½dk*sif&JU          a&m*grsKd;pHkcHpm;&zdkY yHkrSefvlawGxuf
                                                                                                        rsm;rsm;ygaom tpm;taomufrsm;?
trsm;pkryg0ifyg)? tkef;qD? pm;tkef;                    wJh qDawGxJudk rcJatmif Mineral                                                                                             h
                                                                                                                                                    tmedoifrSm HDL udjk rifwufapjcif;                tqrsm;pGmeD;pyfygw,f/ 'g[m rdb
                                                                                                        wd&dpämeftom;rsm;udk tvGeftuRH
qD? axmywfqD? c&ifrfcsdpfuJhodkY EkdYrS                                         f
                                                       Oil tcsKdU? "mwkypön;tcsKdUxnhxm;   f                                                        obm0twkdif;yg&SdNyD; trsKd;om;                   tk y f x d e f ; ol r sm;owd x m;oif h w J h
                                                                                                        pm;avh&Sdjcif;? udk,ftav;csdefrsm;
&&Sdaom tqDrsm;? c&ifrfrsm;? uGwf                      wmrsKd;awG&SdvmwJh tckacwfrSm rcJ                                                            a[mfrkef; wufpwkdpwD½kef; (Test-                 tcsufyg/
                                                                                                        aejcif;? xdkxufydkqkd;aom t0vGef
uD;? udw?f bde;rkeYf ? a&TMunf? 'd;ewf
                   f             k                     &ifvnf; 100 &mcdkifEIef;jynfhpdwfr                                                           osterone) rSmawmh 'Dvkdtmedoif r&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                                               aoG;azmufppfMunhfvkdY
                                                                                                        aejcif;? aq;vdyfpGJaejcif;? t&uf
uJhodkYrkefYtcsKdrsm;? tmvl;aMumfuJhodkY               cs&awmh y g/ a&maES m a&mif ; csvd k Y                                                       wm[m trsKd;orD;awGysrf;rQouf                     udkvufpxa&myrmPm[m vlBuD;
                                                                                                        bD,m tvGeftuRHyHkrSefaomufwwf
qDaMumfrkefYrsm;vdkY tMurf;zsif;qdkEkdif               taumif;qHk; ypönf;xJrSm qDygyg                                                               wrf;ydk&SnfwJhtaMumif;&if;awGxJu                 rSm 200 yHkrSefqkdayrJh touf 2ESpfu
                                                                                                                                    S
                                                                                                        aom tavh&jdS cif;? tcsKdEihf upD"mwf
ygw,f/ oH;wJq[m rjynf0qDyjJ zpf
               k h D          h                        w,f/ pufqDa&mwmxuf usef;rm                                                                            k
                                                                                                                                                    wpfcygyJ/ 'gayrJh b0awmufavQmuf                  ae 19 ESpfMum; uav;awGuawmh
                                                                                                                  k kd kH
                                                                                                        rsm;udk ydrcrifjcif;? toD;t&Guf opf
aeapumrl ESpfNyD; aMumfr,f? xyfcg                      a&;twGuf ta&;BuD;wJh pm;oHk;qD                                                                 d hJ
                                                                                                                                                    &Scayr,fh aoG;qHk;NyD;csdefrSm usqif;            170 0ef;usifxufrrsm;oifhaMumif;?
                                                                                                        oD;0vHtpm;enf;jcif;? txdkifrsm;í
xyfcgaMumfr,fq&if jynf0qD ajymif;
                      kd    h                          rSma&mwm tqdk;qHk;ygyJ/                                                                                        k f
                                                                                                                                                    oGm;wJh tDpx½d*sieYJtwl tDpx½d*sif        k      tu,fí rsm;aewmudk ppfaq;awGU
                                                                                                        udk,fvufvIyf&Sm;rIenf;jcif;? vkdtyf
oGm;w,fqdkwJh tcsufu owdcsyf                                       tpm;taomufeJYywfoufwJh                                                           &JUtumtuG,f[mvnf; avsmhyg;                       &SdcJh&if tpm;taomuf? taetxkdif?
                                                                                                        csuft& q&m0efay;aom raumif;
p&mygyJ/                                               Oya'awG? vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;awG?                                                                oGm;ygw,f/ 'DtcsdefrSm udkvufpx                      k f           I f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ud,vufvy&m;rIpwmawGjyKjyifNyD;
                                                                                                        aom ud k v uf p xa&musaponf h
    U
rjynf0qD<u,f0aom tpm;taomuf                            ppf a q;rI a wG azmf a qmif w J h t cg                                                       a&mjrifhwufrIaMumifh jzpfvmr,fh                         f S f G f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     pdw&npmxde;odr;oGm;oifaMumif;?    h
                                                                                                                                  k
                                                                                                        aq;rsm;? aumif;aom udvufpxa&m
       rjynfh0qDawG&JU armfvDusL;                                k
                                                       pm;oH;qDrsm;udk xdyq;Hk uxm;NyD; pdppf
                                                                              f                                                                     a&m*grsm;&JUjzpfwefpGrf;[m trsKd;                tcgtm;avsmfpGm ppfaq;rIjyefvnf
                                                                                                        wufaprnfh jznfhpGuftm[m&rsm;
awGusawmh "mwfpnf;tvGwfawG                             apvdkygw,f/ taMumif;&if;uawmh                                                                om;eJY trsKd;orD;wef;wlygyJ/ 'D                  cH,loifhaMumif; tar&duefESvHk;
                                                                                                        yHkrSefraomufjcif;? touft&G,f
&SdaeNyD; tJvdk&Sdaejcif;u aumif;wJh                   qef? qD? qm;qdkwJhaeYpOftajccH pm;                                                           taetxm;ud k trsKd ; orD ; wk d i f ;             a&m*gukynmtoif;u tBuHjyKxm;
                                                                                                        &vmcsdef (txl;ojzifh touf 40
udvufpxa&mudk wufapNy;raumif;
    k                       D                          aomufukefawGxJrSm rjzpfraeygae                                                               touf 55 ESpfaemufydkif;rSmrvGJ                   ygw,f/
                                                                                                        ausmfcsdef)wGif udkvufpxa&myHkrSef
wJhudkvufpxa&mudk usapvdkY usef;                       wJh qDroefY&if vlwef;pm;ra&G; 'D                 ppfaq;rIr&Sjd cif;qkwhJ tcsufawG[m
                                                                                                                              d                     raoGqkdufa&mufwmrkdY aoG;qHk;udkif
rma&;eJY nDnGwfaom tqDrsm;vdkY                         'PfudkcH&EkdifvdkYygyJ/ t&nftcsif;?                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                    csdeuwnf;u ra[mfre;udk obm0  k f                           qufydkifvif;cefY(aq;-2)
                                                                                                        udk,fujyKjyifvkdY&wJhtcsufawGrdkY
ac:ygw,f/ tqDarmfvusL;wpfv;
                          D       kH                   tawGUtBuHKeJY tvkyfvkyfEkdifpGrf;                                                            jznfhpGuftm[m&wpfckckrSD0JNyD; tm;                         (qufvufazmfjyygrnf)
                                                                                                        qefYusifbuftaetxm;jzpfatmif
    28
  The
     VOICE             PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




jrefrmUpD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrI\ EkdifiHa&;abm*aA' (1)
Myanmar : The Politics of Economic Reform (27 July 2012)
    f
ausm0if;
               H\ Ed Ha
 jref rmEdkiafiqmufkirfiw&;tajymif;f ;ususEquf;yGpmyf;a&;,vvnfdS
      wnf               I Ykd rm twGi
                               S
                                      tvJ Sifh pD
                                                       DS
                                                          jyef
                                                      E;ET f suf&
                                                                                             vufvwq;½H;cJ&aom jrefrmEdiirm urÇmBuD;ESihf tqufjywf
                                                                                                            G f kH I h
                                                                                                                    D
                                                                                             oavmufe;yg;jzpfc&onf/ t&G,yrmPwloavmuf eD;yg;yif
                                                                                                                            hJ
                                                                                                                                             k f H S
                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                           ta,mifrsm;vnf; jyovmcJhonf/ tpdk;&taeESifh qkd&S,fvpf
                                                                                                                                                                                           pD;yGm;a&;ay:vpDawmfawmfrsm;rsm;udk pwifajymif;vJrIrsm;vkyf
                       k     f       S f
ayonf/ tqdyg vkyief;pOfEp&yfteuf wpfcc\ atmifjrifrI          k k                             &Sdaom tdrfeD;csif; xdkif;EdkifiHu 25 a':vmwefypönf;wpfck EdkifiH                                                                    f         S
                                                                                                                                                                                           vmonf/ odYkwap a&&SntjrifEihf wu©Eu&ufwpfuRr;usirI              dk                f f
rSm ESpfckvHk;\ atmifjrifrItay: wnfrDSvsuf&Sdaeayonf/                                        jcm;odkY a&mif;csonfhtcgwdkif; jrefrmEdkifiHrSm wpfa':vmwef                                   rsm; vpf[mvsuf&Sd&m jrefEIef;jrifhpD;yGm;a&;wkd;wufrIrsm;udk
xdkYxuf vlrsKd;pkNidrf;csrf;a&;jzpfpOfrSmvnf; tqdkyg vlrsKd;pkrsm;                           ypönf;avmufom wifydkYEdkifcJhonf/                                                             atmifjrif&&Sdxm;Muaom a'owGif;tmPmydkifEkdifiHrsm;\
trsm;qHk;aexdkif&m e,fpyfa'orsm;\ EdkifiHa&;abm*aA'ESifh                                                  þodkYaom tcsKd;rnDrI\ rlvtpudk jyefaumuf&vQif                                    pD;yGm;a&; vpfb&,frl0g'rsm;udk atmifatmifjrifjrif twk,l
eD;eD;uyfuyf qufpyfvsuf&Sdaeayonf/ vlrsKd;pkvufeufudkif                                      wd k i f ; jynf v G w f v yf a &;&cJ h a om 1948 ck E S p f a vmuf t xd                       yHkazmfEdkifpGrf;r&SdcJhygacs/
                                            J
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESihf typftcwf&yfpa&;oabmwlnrrsm; &&Svm             D I              d        aemufaMumif;jyefMunfhzdkYvdkygvdrfhrnf/ 'kwd,urÇmppf'Pf                                                   yk*¾vduu@us,fjyefYvmonfESifhtrQ EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;
onfESifhtrQ a0;vHacgifzsm;onfhwdkif o,HZmw<u,f0aom                                                                 f G f                    h k
                                                                                             aMumifh zGwzwnufnufaMucJ&½HrQru ppfBuD;tNyD; qufwuf                                    kd     jr§KyfESHrItcsKdUvnf; 0ifoavmuf 0ifvmcJhygonf/ odkYESifhwkdif
qdkcJhyg vlrsKd;pka'orsm;wGif Nidrf;csrf;a&;\tusKd;tjrwfudk                                  qdkovdk BuHKcJh&aom uGefjrLepfESifh vlrsKd;pkykefuefjcm;em;rIrsm;                             tpdk;&tzGJU0ifawmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSm EkdifiHwumtquftpyfxuf
vufawGUususazmfxkwfjyoEdkifa&;rSm aemufxyfzdtm;topf                                          aMumifh vGwfvyfa&;&cgp jrefrmEdkifiH\tajctaerSm uarmuf                                        udk,fh'l;ukd,fcRefrludkom qufvuftm;ay;jr§ifhwifcJhMuonf/
wpfckjzpfvmonf/                                                                              ur? z½dkz&J[k qdk&rnfomjzpfygonf/ pD;yGm;a&;\t"du                                                                   S d S f
                                                                                                                                                                                           olwYkdwpfawGrm qk&,vpfacwf\pdwtcHrS azmufrxGuEiMf u         f                      f dk
       tpdk;&taeESifh wpfckvHk;pD;yGm;a&;wnfNidrfrIESifh a&&Snf                              tpdwftydkif;ESpf&yf[k qdkEdkifaom o,HZmwxkwf,lrIESifh qef                                     ao;ovdk acwfopftkyfcsKyfa&;tawGUtBuHKvnf; r&SdMuyg/
oabmaqmifonfh omrefvlxk\ b0wdk;wufrIrsm;udk tmrcH                                            xkwfvkyfrIwdkYrSm qdk;qdk;0g;0g; usqif;oGm;cJhonf/                                            odkYESifhtrQ trdefYay;pD;yGm;a&;wkHYjyefrIrsm;udk BuHhBuHhrcHEkdifjzpfae
csufray;EdkifvQif atmifjrifaom EdkifiHa&;tajymif;tvJwpf&yf                                                       d       d´                f k f
                                                                                                          NAdwoQ tdE,\ tpdwtydi;wpf&yftjzpf umvwm&Snf                                      Muonf/ jynfwGif;qefaps;jrifhrm;vmonfESifh qefwifydkYa&mif;
udk pdwful;yifxnfhEdkifvdrfhrnfr[kwfyg/ tvm;wl EdkifiHa&;                                    tkyfcsKyfcHcJh&aomaMumifh udkvdkeDpepfatmuf jrefrmEdkifiHrSm                                  csrIudk ,m,Dydwfypfvkdufonf/ arSmifcdkaps;uGuf&Sd EkdifiHjcm;aiG
             fI d                 kf          fS
wnfNidrrr&SvQi?f tmPmyditwdwEihf qufvufvrf;rcGEivQif                         J kd f          tm;aumif;aom tkyfcsKyfa&;tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm; zGHUNzdK;atmif                                              S f I f
                                                                                                                                                                                           vJv,Ee;rwnfrNidrjf zpfvmaomtcgwGivnf; aiGaMu;yGpm;                   f                   J
vnf; atmifjrifaompD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrSm pdwful;ESifh                                rzefwD;EdkifjzpfcJh&onf/ xdkYxuf vGwfvyfa&;&NyD;aemufydkif;                                   rsm;udk xdef;odrf;onfhenf;jzifhom wkHYjyefcJhMuonf/ odkYr[kwf
           kd f G f        d             Sf
yif jzpfEiz,&mr&Syg/ BudKwifre;qjyifqifrxm;aom pD;yGm;a&;                                    1950 jynfhvGefESpfrsm;twGif; wdkif;jynfudk OD;aqmifcJhMuaom                                   vdr®myg;eyfrIr&Sdaom Mum;0ifpGufzufrIrsm;jzifh ajz&Sif;zdkYBudK;pm;
a&Smhcfrsm;? vlrIa&;rwnfNidrfrIrsm;? 2015 wGif usif;yrnfh                                    vli,fEdkifiHa&;orm;rsm;rSmvnf; EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&;tawGU                                        cJhMuonfh/ tusKd;qufum; w&m;r0if aiGvJvS,fEIef;rSm rBuHK
                                                 JG S
aemufvmrnfh taxGaxGa&G;aumufyEihf ywfoufonfh Ediia&;                          k f H          tBuHK r&Sdoavmufyif yg;vsm;cJhonf/ þodkYaom t&yf&yf                                           zl;avmufatmif jrefjrefqefqefBuD; ajymif;oGm;jcif;yifjzpfawmh
t& raocsmra&&mrIrsm;? þt&mtm;vH;rSm jzpfpOfBuD;wpfcv; k                               k kH   tajctaeatmufwGif jrefrmEdkifiHrSm pD;yGm;a&;? EdkifiHa&;tusyf                                 onf/ xdkpOfu EkdifiHawmftBuD;tuJ\ tmPmydkifqefNyD;
twGuf jzpfwef&maom tEÅ&m,fa&cHajrcHrsm;[k qd&ygvdrrnf/           k               hf                                               k h
                                                                                             twnf;rsm;jzifh b0udpcJ&onf[k qd&rvdyif&ygonf/ ajym&       k k dS                              tajymif;tvJjrefaomacgif;aqmifrIpwkdifaMumifhvnf; n§dEIdif;
       odkYESifhwdkif q,fpktcsKdUMum tqufjywftxD;usefrIrsm;                                                    k
                                                                                             vQif tqdygtusyftwnf;rsm;rSvnf; rnfonftcgurS trSef                  h                          aqG;aEG;rIrsm; xdef;csKyfcHxm;&ovdk ckdifrmonfhay:vpDzefwD;rI
tvGef ay:xGufvmaom jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;rS &&Sdvmwef&m                                      wu,f jyefvnfemvefxEdkifcJhonf r[kwfygacs/                                                     rsm;twGufvnf; t[efYtwm;jzpfcJh&onf/
onfh tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;um; trSefyifBuD;rm;vSygonf/ jrefrm                                                  qdkcJhyg EdkifiHa&;tusyftwnf;rS 1962 ckESpf? ppfbuf                                          1988 aemufydkif; EkdifiHa&;ESifh vlYtcGifhta&;qkdif&m tajc
                D kH                   h                   h
taeESihf cswcswjkH zpfaezdYk roifyg/ tm;jynftifjynf?h pdpvivif         k kd G f G            tmPmod r f ; rI o d k Y OD ; wnf o G m ;cJ h N yD ; Ad k v f c sKyf B uD ; ae0if ;            taersm;tay: pdk;&drfruif;jzpfMu&mrS EkdifiHawmfawmfrsm;rsm;
         D               f     dS
a'oBu;twGi; wnf&aeonf/ yx0Dtaetxm;ESihf tqdyga'o                           k                 OD;aqmifaom awmfvea&;aumifpacwfa&mufvmonf/ vGwvyf
                                                                                                                               Sf              D                                f                              h        dk f H                  f dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                           (txl;ojziftaemufEiirsm;)u ESpEiizUHG NzdK;a&;tpDtpOf rsm;udk
wGif; pD;yGm;a&;ESifh aygif;pnf;Edkifonfh tm;aumif;csufrsm;rSm                               a&;t&,lcJhonfh zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'udk zsufodrf;vkdufNyD;                                          d f h dk
                                                                                                                                                                                           qki;iHvuMf uonf/ pD;yGm;a&;ta&;,lywqYdk rrsm;vnf; csrSwf      d f I
jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHrsm;\ atmifjrifrIESifh qHk;½HI;rI                      w&m;Oya'jyKa&;tmPm? tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;                                                 hf kH                           d f H S d f kd f d
                                                                                                                                                                                           usio;vmMuonf/ jrefrmEkiiEihf wku½uxawGUqufqrrsm;                                     H I
rsm;rS avhvmoif,lzdkYtwGufaomfvnf;aumif;? tqdkygEdkifiH                                      tmPmwkdYrSm AdkvfcsKyfBuD;ae0if;\vufxJodkY usa&mufoGm;cJh                                         k                      d f
                                                                                                                                                                                           udvnf; uefYowfxe;csKyfvmMuonf/ 1990 a&G;aumufytNy;                                    JG D
                     kd f
rsm;udk trDvuzYkd aomfvnf;aumif; tcGitcgaumif;BuD;jzpfyghf                                   awmhonf/ jyifyMoZmrsm;rSuif;vGwaom qk&,vpfEiiawmf       f      d S f       dk f H                                     kd                         S
                                                                                                                                                                                           wGif trsKd;om;'Drua&pDtzGUJ csKyfrm trsm;pk tEki&cJaomfvnf;              d f h
ownf;/                                                                                       wnfaqmufa&;&nf&G,fcsufjzifh &,f'Du,foabmaqmifaom                                              a&G;aumufyGJ&v'fukdtaumiftxnfrazmfEkdifcJh&mrS ta&;,l
                                                                                             pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;ay:vpDrsm;ukd csrSwfusifhoHk;cJh&m pdkufysKd;a&;                           ydwfqkdYrIrsm;rSm ydkrdkwif;usyfjyif;xefvmawmh onf/ onfvkdESifh
ed'gef;                                                                                      rSty pufrIvkyfief;tm;vHk;udk EkdifiHydkifodrf;cJhonf/                                                        dfHS             dk f H        hf
                                                                                                                                                                                           jrefrmEkiirm taemufEiirsm;ESia&m urÇmvH;pD;yGm;a&;ESiygydíydí      k           hf k k
INTRODUCTION                                                                                              tqkdygay:vpDrsm;\ pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;qufum; qkd;0g;                                 tqufjywftxD;usejf zpfvm& awmhonf/ odYkEitrQ jrefrmEkiiH                S hf                d f
       or®wOD;odef;pdefOD;aqmifaom t&yfom;wpfydkif;tpdk;&                                                        S                      S f G
                                                                                             jyif;xefvygonf/ 1987 ckEpwif ukvor*¾tzGUJ BuD;u jrefrm                                        \ jyifypD;yGm;a&;? EdkifiHa&; qufqHrIrsm;rSm w½kwfjynfESifh
opf tmPm&cJhonfh 2011 ckESpf rwfvuwnf;u jrefrmEdkifiH                                        EkdifiHudk ]zGHUNzdK;rIaemuftusqHk;EkdifiH} (LDC) tjzpf odrSwfvufcH                           tjcm;a'owGif;EkdifiHrsm;bufodkY OD;vSnfhvm&avawmhonf/
rSm &nfrSef;csufBuD;rm;onfESifhtrQ wpfcGifwpfjyifvHk; oabm                                   cJhonf/ þodkYaompD;yGm;a&;usqif;rIu us,fjyefYaomEdkifiHa&;                                                2011 ckESpf tpdk;&opfwufvmcsdef jrefrmEkdifiH\tajc
aqmifaom jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;tpDtpOfwpf&yfukd pwiftaumif                                                       f I                        h
                                                                                             rwnfNidrrrsm;udk jzpfay:apcJonf/ aemufq;cvkwjf zKwfvuf          kH                   dk       taerSm euf½Idif;aompD;yGm;a&;twd'ku©ESifh &ifqkdifae&onfh
                                k                     kf
txnfazmfcNhJ yD;jzpfygonf/ tqdygtpDtpOftaeESihf wdi;jynf\                                    onfh½dkufcsufrSmum; 1987 ckESpfu xkwfjyefaMunmvkdufaom                                        taetxm;yifjzpfygonf/ tqkdygtwd'ku©\oGifjyifvu©Pm
tqufjywftxD;useftaetxm;udk qHk;cef;wdkifapNyD; jrefrmh                                                 kd
                                                                                             wefz;BuD;aiGpuúLrsm;udk BudKwifowday;jcif;vnf;r&S?d jyefvnf                                   rsm;um; w&m;0ifpD;yGm;a&;wGif edrfhyg;aompufrIxlaxmifa&;
pD;yGm;a&;udkvnf; urÇmvHk;csDpepfBuD;ESifh aygif;pnf;Edkif&ef                                tpm;ay;jcif;vnf;r&SdbJ w&m;r0ifaMunmvkdufjcif;yifjzpf                                         tqifhESifh tvkyftudkif&&SdrItqifh b,fvdkrSrvnfywfEkdifawmh
&nf&G,fayonf/                                                                                                                   f
                                                                                             onf/ þaMunmcsuaMumifh vnfywfaeaomaiG\ av;yHo;yHk                                  k kH        aom b@ma&;u@ESifh taxGaxGykHysufyef;ysufjzpfrIrsm;?
       odkYwap tpdk;&opfrSm q,fpkESpfrsm;ESifhcsDaom pDrHcefYcGJrI                           rSm wefzdk;r&SdjzpfoGm;cJh&onf/ oef;ESifhcsDaom pkaiGrsm;rSmvnf;                              pGrf;aqmif&nfrjynfhrDrIrsm;yifjzpfygonf/
                       kd f H                       d f I
trSm;rsm;ESihf taemufEiirsm;\ pD;yGm;a&;ta&;,lywqYkd rrsm;                                   ta[moduHjzpfukefawmhonf/
aMumifh taMumif;cHay:xGuvm&aom tvkyrjzpfonfh pD;yGm;a&;
                              f            f                                                              1988 ta&;tcif;aemufydkif; wufvmaom wyffrawmf                                                                                                   ausmf0if;
tajctaewpf&yfudk tarGcHcJh&onf/ 'ku©yifv,fa0apcJhaom                                               k                                  d S f
                                                                                             tpd;&u ratmifjrifaomqk&,vpfprf;oyfrrsm;udk qH;cef;wkif       I           k                d                                          a&SUtywftnTef; ]pD;yGm;a&;tarG}
pD;yGm;a&;ay:vpDrsm;aMumifh tcGifhtvrf;aygif;ajrmufjrm;pGm                                   apcJhygonf/ aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;odkY ajymif;vJusifhoHk;rnfht&dyf                                                                                       (The Economic Legacy)


                                                                                                 CARTOON OF THE WEEK
  Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                       PERSPECTIVE                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     29



vlxk&JY EdkifiHa&;
vwfNidrf;
vuff &SdawGUjrifae&aomårS tajymif;tvJJhNyD[k nTjrefqdkamjynf
     onf umv0dywd vGefajrmufc
                                        rsm;u      r
                                               ef; eMu                                    f      G f
                                                                                                     f
                                                                                    tifpwDusL;&Si;rsm; cdirmatmif rvkyEicjhJ cif;aMumifjh zpfonf/
                                                                                                          k f
                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                          f kd f
                                                                                                                        k f
                                                                                    vTwawmfwi; tifpwDusL;&Si;rsm; cdirmvmapjcif;? vTwawmf    f
               S f     f                          hJ
onf/ wpfEptwGi; tajymif;tvJawG rsm;pGmjzpfconf/ tpd;&         k                     jyify tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm; cdkifrmvmapjcif;wdkYonfom EdkifiHudk
                          I kd dS       k f H
tay: vlawG,MHk unfry&vmonf/ Ediiwumtodi;t0di;rSm     k f k f                                           kd
                                                                                    OD;wnfaeaom 'Drua&pDvrf;aMumif;ay:rS aemufjyefrvSnap       hf
EdkifiHhrsufESmyGifhvmcJhonf/ rD'D,mawG tm;aumif;vmcJhonf/                          Edkifrnfjzpfonf/
wpfzufuvnf; jyóemawGawmh&SdaeqJ/ ucsifa'oESifh                                      tm;udk;p&m or®w
    df                                f
&ckia'ojyóemrsm;u aoG;rwdwao;aomtemrsm;? acwfa[mif;                                          uRefawmfwdkY EdkifiHa&;,Ofaus;rI (Political Culture) u
\tarGqdk;rsm;tjzpfusefaeqJjzpfonf/ odkYwdkifuRefawmfhvdk                            vlyk*¾Kdvfudk;uG,frI tpGJoefonf/ tifpwDusL;&Sif;wpfckvkH;
omrefjynfolwpfa,muftzdkYawmh ,ckajymif;vJrI tajctae                                 tay: t,kHtMunfenf;onf/ or®wudk,kHMunfonf/ w&m;
                     d            d f
tay:rSm auseyfronf/ wpfcsewnf;rSmyJ 'Dajymif;vJrt&SeawG I d f                       pD&ifa&;tmPmudkrlr,kHMunfMuao;/ 'Dawmh wdkifpmawG yvlysH
wefYoGm;rSm? vrf;acsmfoGm;rSmudk pdk;&drfaerdonf/                                   um or®wqDa&mufvmonf/ w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmonf
]vl}uvmwJU tajymif;tvJ                                                              vGwfvyfaomr@dKifwpf&yftjzpf wdwdyy ay:xGufvmjcif;r&Sd
        xdkodkYpdk;&drf&onfh taMumif;rsm;pGm&Sdygonf/ vuf&SdawGU                    ovdk jzpfaeonf/ vTwfawmfua&m/ vTwfawmfrSmvnf;
jrifc&Ny;D aom tajymif;tvJtrsm;pkonf acgif;aqmifrsm; (wpfenf;)
     hJ                                                                             tm;aumif;vSonfawmhr[kwf/ txl;ojzifh wdkif;a'oMuD;
]vl}rSvmaom tajymif;tvJrsm; jzpfaeonfudk awGU&onf/                                       f
                                                                                    vTwawmfrsm;rSm touf0ifrvmovdjk zpfaeonf/ wdi;a'oMuD;  kf
tay:xyftaqmuftODajymif;onf/ txufuvlrsm;\ oabm                                              k      f               Hk
                                                                                    wpfctwGi; jyóemwpfpwpf&mBuKHygu jynforsm;u xdwi;   l        k kd f
xm;ajymif;vmonf/ okYd aomfvnf; atmufu vltawmfrsm;rsm;                               a'oMuD;\ w&m;pD&ifa&;udkvnf; tm;rudk;? xdkwdkif;a'oMuD;
(r@dKifokH;&yfvkH;&Sd acgif;aqmifr[kwfolrsm;ESifh AsL½dkua&pD                       vTwfawmfukdvnf; tm;rudk;? or®wudkom tm;udk;Muonf/
,EÅ&m;&Svrsm;) rSm oabmxm;rajymif;bJ qufvuf&aeqJjzpf
            d l                                        dS                           tm;udk;p&m twdkuftcH                                                            kfH                                    G hf
                                                                                                                                                           rnf/ Ediiawmfwnfaqmufa&;wGif ,cifu yg0ifcienf;cJonf          h
onf/ xdkYaMumifh ,ckMuHKawGUae&aom tajymif;tvJrsm;rSm                                                               k f
                                                                                           NLD udk tpOftvmoabmt& twdutcHygwD[k ac:&                        rSefaomfvnf; ,ckvkd tcGifhta&;&vmaomtcgwGif EdkifiHom;
             kd f                 k f H
txufyi; acgif;aqmifrsm;\ Ediia&;apwem (Political Will)                                      dk
                                                                                    rnfqvQif a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf twdutcHacgif;aqmifk f                   wpfa,muf\wm0efudk ausausyGefyGef,loifhonf/ tar&duef
rSvmaom tajymif;tvJrsm;omjzpfNyD; tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm;rS                                                            H               h
                                                                                    jzpfonf/ olronf wpfurÇmvk;rS apmifMh unf&onfh acgif;aqmif?             or®w *Retufzuae'DajymcJovdk wdi;f jynfu oiftwGuf bmvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                        f      f         h        k      h
vmaom tajymif;tvJr[kwfao;ay/                                                          k        f kS             l l k
                                                                                    Edb,fvq&ijf zpfonf/ jynfovxonf tpd;k &tzGUJ tay: ,kMH unf              ay;EdiovJqwmxuf wdi;jynftwGuf oifbmvkyay;EdiovJ
                                                                                                                                                                k f         kd       k f                       f k f
,lwwfvQif oifcef;pm                                                                                              h
                                                                                    rIwjznf;jznf;tm;aumif;vmcJaomfvnf; a':atmifqef;pkMunf                  qdkwmudk ar;&rnfhtcsdef? ajym&rnhftcsdefjzpfygonf/
                                                                                          d
                                                                                    udk ykí,kMH uonf/ Emotion uJaom uRefawmfwYkd Ediia&;tpOfk f H                  ,ckawmh onfvdkr[kwfyg/ Xmeqdkif&m0efxrf;awGa&m?
         k f H k f                   h
        Ediiordi;udjk yefMunfvQif oifcef;pm&p&mawG trsm;BuD;
                                                                                                    k d f     d
                                                                                    tvmt& rsdK;½d;t&Set0g&Saom a':atmifqef;pkMunfukd taz                                  l                kd
                                                                                                                                                           omrefjynfoawGyg t&ifvyJ jzpfaeMuonf/ t&ifvyqonfh       kd J kd
&Sdygonf/ yxr? 'kwd,ESifh wwd,jrefrmEdkifiHawmfudk pkpnf;
                                                                                                                      k
                                                                                    wlorD;tjzpfoabmxm;um tm;ud;Muonf/ odYkwif olr\ygwD   kd                      Ü                            h G            hJ G
                                                                                                                                                           t"dym,fu t&ifvkd pnf;urf;rJpm? t&ifvkd wm0efrpm? t&ifvdk
                  hJ                        h
wnfaxmifcaom rif;rsm;udMk unfyg/ olwYkd onf vufqifurf;               h
                                                                                    rSm rD'D,mrsm;ESihf tqifrajyrIwcsKdUjzpfcJhovdk xdkif;EdkifiHc&D;pOf   Inactive jzpfpGm[kqdkvdkygonf/ Civil Society tm;aumif;vm
jcif;? tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm; cdkifrmatmifjyKvkyfjcif;rsm; trSefyif
                                                                                    wGif tpDtpOfydkif;tm;enf;onf[k rD'D,mwpfcku a0zefxm;                   ovdk&Sdaomfvnf; &efukef? rEÅav;jrdKUMuD;awGrSmom uGufuGuf
tm;enf;cJholrsm; jzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh ordkif;wpfavQmufwGif
                                                                                                  k                  k Hk
                                                                                    onf/ vlxonfvnf; ygwDwpfcv;udk av;pm;,kMH unfrxuf              I        uav;tm;aumif;aewmjzpfonf/ xdkNrdKUMuD;awGrSm aqmif&Guf
jrefrmEdkifiHtajctaeonf bk&if oabmaumif;onfhacwfwGif
                                                                                                          kd             I kd kd J
                                                                                    a':atmifqef;pkMunfuom ,kMH unfryruaeonf[k xif&onf/                     aeonfhvlawGuvnf; tjrif&Sdaom vli,fvufwpfqkyfpmom
aumif;pm;NyD; aemufbk&ifwpfyg;wufonfESifh a&SUbk&if wnf
aqmufxm;orQ ysufpD;udef;qdkufaom xkH;a[mif;? om"ursm;                               ]vl} rS ]rl}odkh                                                       jzpfonf/
trsm;tjym;yif&ygonf/ zcifvufxufaumif;vQif om;vufxuf
                       dS                                                                  EdkifiHa&;tajymif;tvJrsm;wGif acgif;aqmifaumif;rsm;             acgif;aqmifu xm0&r[kwf
uarmufurjzpf&onf/ bk&ifr&SvQif wduaeaomwduywpfyJG
                                          d   k f         k f JG                                                               kd f
                                                                                    ta&;MuD;ygonf/ odYk aomfvnf; aemufvuaumif;rsm; rygvdYk                         uRefawmfwkdYEdkifiHa&mufcsifaom pifumylvdk? udk&D;,m;vdk
udkyif qufrwdkufEdkif/ a&SUbk&if aemufbk&if tjrifrMunfvQif                          rjzpf/ EdkifiHawmfwnfaqmuf&mwGif xdyfydkif;vlwpfa,muf ESpf             EdkifiH rsKd;jzpfzdkY ESpfawGrnfrQvdkrnfvJ jyefpOf;pm;zdkYvdkygonf/
a&SUbk&ifvyorQ aemufb&ifu aZmufx;vkyypfonf/ ykeuef?
              k f               k               dk f                   f            a,mufEihf wnfaqmufír&/ or®wudaxmufcoonf or®w
                                                                                               S                           k          H l                  uRefawmfwdkY tm;udk;aomacgif;aqmifrsm;udk wpfoufvkH;
eef;vkonftjzpftysursK;rSmvnf; 'keYJa';/ wpfywfompHcaom
               h            f d                                   hJ                                       k f kd f kd
                                                                                    azmufaomvrf;udk ud,u,wif 0ifa&mufavQmufvrf;&rnf/                       tm;udk;vdkYr&? olwdkYudk,fwdkifu tbdk;MuD; ? tbGm;MuD;awG
azmif;um;pm;armifarmifvrif;rsKd ;onf tqd;qk; Oyrmwpfcyif/
                                  kd              k H                    k          vdktyfvQif 0ifazmuf&rnf/ a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk cspfaom                 jzpfaejyD/ or®wMuD;a&m? a':atmifqef;pkMunfyg touf 68
        aemufwpfacwfrSmvnf; xdkYtwl/ vGwfvyfa&;r&cif                                       l                           f           kd
                                                                                    jynfoonf a':atmifqef;pkMunfcspaom 'Drua&pDukd ud,u,f  k f kd                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                           xJ0ifaejyDjzpfjyD; vmrnfh 2015 a&G;aumufyJG usi;yrnftcsewifh d f G
AdvcsKywYkd tmZmenfacgif;aqmifrsm;udk qk;½H;vdu&jyD; aemufyi;
  k f f                                        H I k f                       kd f   wdkif usifhokH;&rnf/ xdkacgif;aqmifrsm;aemufvkdufum? xdk ]vl}                                  f
                                                                                                                                                           touf 70t&G,awG jzpfaeMua&mhrnf/ olwYkdukd touf t&G,f
EdkifiHa&;t& uaomif;ueif;jzpf? jynfwGif;ppfrD;awGavmifcJh                                          kd f   k f                S f kd f
                                                                                    rsm;aemufvuum? cdirmaom]rl}rsm;csrwEia&;udk OD;wnfum                                                 f k f dk f
                                                                                                                                                           b,favmuftxd tvkyvyci;MurSmvJ/ olwYkdukd b,fcsetxd              d f
onf/ aemufvawGu ajymyavmufatmif qufrxde;Edicwm
                          l                                f k f hJ                 oGm;&ygrnf/ vTwfawmfwGif;omru? vTwfawmfjyifywGifyg                     rSDcdkaeOD;rSmvJ/
ygonf/ 'Drdkua&pDvIyf&Sm;rIacwf 90 aemufydkif;udk Munfh                             tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm; tm;aumif;vm&efvdktyfygonf/                                 uRefawmfwdkYacgif;aqmifawGr&Sdawmhaomtcg a&SUquf
vQivnf; xkenf;vnf;aumif;yif/ acgif;aqmifawGukd xde;odr;
      f              d                                           f f                b,folhrSmwm0ef&Sd                                                      b,fvdkpcef;oGm;MurnfvJ/ b,fvdk Backup plan awG BudKwif
cHvdkuf&onfESifh bmrSudka&SUqufrvkyfEdkifawmh/ EdkifiHa&;                                vTwfawmfjyify tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm; tm;aumif;vma&;                                              J
                                                                                                                                                           jyifqifxm;MujyD;jyDv/ wu,fawmh acgif;aqmifrsm;tay:om
cg;qufjyKwf&awmhonf/                                                                twGuf vlxwiwm0ef&ygonf/ ab;xGuxiae&rnftcsde?f
                                                                                                    k G f        dS            f kd f     h                tm;udk;aevQif uRefawmfwkdYarQmfvifhaomyef;wdkifudk a&mufEdkif
           k                           D
        xdoYkdjzpf&jcif;rSm vlwpfO;wpfa,muftay:rSm tm;uk;NyD;              d                   Hk S            h d f f        k f kd f kd
                                                                                    tjypfwif½Eihf jyD;&rnftcser[kwawmh? ud,u,wif 0ifwe;          G f                    f k fGf            Gf d
                                                                                                                                                           rSmr[kw/ ud,pr;ÓPfpr;&SorQ vlxu tm;vk;nDnm BudK;pm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      k          H
    d                        f           k f           dk
xkacgif;aqmifvrf;nTe&momvducMhJ uonfh pepfq;aMumifjh zpf                            &rnfhtcsdefjzpfonf/ EdkifiHawmfwnfaqmufa&;wGif wpfwyf                  rSomvQif vdkcsifaomyef;wdkifudk a&Sma&Sm&SL&SLa&mufrnfjzpf
onf/ vGwfvyfa&;&jyD;csdefrSpjyD; tqdk;oHo&m jyefjyefvnf                             wpftm; rdr&onfae&mrSyg0if&rnf/ 'Drua&pDukd ykazmfvvQif
                                                                                                  d dS h                   kd          H      kd           ygonf/ tcsKyfqdk&vQif tajymif;tvJtwGuf vlxkvdkygonf/
oGm;jcif;rSmvnf; acgif;aqmifaumif;rsm;&SdaeonfhtcsdefwGif                           vufa0cH'rua&pDEirauseyfbJ rdru,wi0ifa&muf ykazmf&
                                                                                              D kd        S hf         d kd f kd f          H                                                                        vwfjidrf;


                                                     The Voice Weekly                           wGif tcef;qufazmfjyyg&SdcJUaom aqmif;yg;rsm;pkpnf;rI

                                                                              rSefeef;aqmifuefhvefhumrsm;
     aeoefarmif                                                                                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       xGuawmhrnf
    30
    VOICE
  The

                     PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                               Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




avmESifU jr§LqG,f
odkufxGef; (Lawyer)
          wdkYjynfudk ESpfaygif;&mpk0uf wHcg;ydwfcJh&m ,if;umvwGif jyifyurÇmü tjynfjynfqkdif&m ukefoG,fa&;ESifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI ,Ofaus;rIonf rnfrQc&D;aygufí rnfonfhwefzkd;
  'g      xm;pepfrsm; (Value Systems) jzifhrnfodkY tom;usaeygoenf;/ 'DuaeYBuHKae&aom pD;yGm;a&;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItwGuf pmaumufaMumif; qGJMunhfrdygonf/
ordkif;\ oa&mfcsuf                                                                   cGefor*¾rsm; (Customs - Unions) ESifh vGwfvyfaom ukefoG,f
         vlom;onf orkdif;udka&;onfqdkaomfvnf; urÇmhorkdif;                           a'orsm; (Free-trade Areas) udkxlaxmifcJhMu&m Oa&myor*¾
uvnf; vlom;udk jyefvSefa&;ay\/                                                       EU? ajrmuftar&durS FTA? ta&SUawmiftm&S (ASEAN)
         urÇmppfBuD;ESpBf udronf vlom;udjk ymcscavNyD/ aemufyi;
                                 f                 hJ             dk f               tzG J U rS AFTA?awmif t m&S a 'oqk d i f & m yl ; aygif ; a&;tzG J U
ppfat;umv (1947-1989) onfvnf; wu,fawmh rat;cJh                                       (SAARC)? awmifydkif;bHktm&SpD;yGm;a&;aps;uGuf (Mercosur) ?
acs/ ppfat;umvtwGi; vuf0Eiirsm;ESihf tmPm&SiEiirsm;
                               f      J dk f H           f dk f H                    MopaMw;vs? e,l;ZDvefpD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif;qufqHa&; oabm
onf wHcg;vHkatmifydwfaecJh&mrS ppfat;umvvGefaomf wHcg;                               wlnDcsuf? awmiftm&SrS bif;rfpwuf (BIMST -EC) ponfwdkY
aqG;rsm;udk olYxufig tvkt,ufzGifhí csrf;om<u,f0aom                                   jzifh tkyfpktwGif; ukefpnfpD;qif;apNyD; pD;yGm;zufMujyef\/
jynfy&if;ES;jr§KyfErrsm;vmygrnftaMumif; tNydKiftqkif tavm
              D    HS I             h                  d                             tmqD,HtzGJY0ifjrefrm
wBuD;jr§LqG,frufvHk;ay;jcif; (Incentive) jyKMu&jyefyga&m/                                      tmqD,H oufwrf;ESpf (40) ajrmufwGif pifumylEkdifiH\
Zmwfq&m urÇmorki;\ Zmwfne;onf avmbom;vlom;ud k
                  h d f                T f                     m;ud                  20.11.2007 &ufaeYü tmqD,Hy#dnmOfpmwrf;BuD; (ASEAN
      kd kd f d              kd f d
tckici;vku?f tck&,fci;vku?f ajrvkaom? aoG;acsmif;pD;aom
                                               om?                                   CHARTER) udktzGJU0ifjzpfaom jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf0efBuD;csKyf
ppfyGJrsm;rSonf aiGvkaom usdusdwufcsrf;oma&;odkY urÇmonf      onf                      k f                 f         dk f H                 f f
                                                                                     AdvcsKyBf uD;ode;pdef (,ckEiiawmfor®wOD;ode;pde) u vufrwf               S
jyefvSnhf&jyefavownf;/                                                               a&;xkd;cJhygonf/
jyifyurÇm\ pD;yGm;a&;orÇm                                                                      txl;rSwfom;rdonfum; - tmqD,HtzGJU0ifEkdifiHrsm;
       tcsdefum; Oa&mywGif emZD*smrefwdkY ½IH;edrfhcJhNyDjzpfaomf                    vkdufem&efrlrsm;rSm w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;? aumif;aom tpkd;&
vnf; tm&Swif zufqpf*syefum;vufeufrcsao;rD tar&duef
                G                                                                    (Good Governance) ? 'Drdkua&pDrlrsm;jzifh zGJUpnf;yHktpdk;&jzpf
jynfaxmifpk qefz&efppöudkNrdKUwGif 'kwd,urÇmppfBuD; NyD;qHk;                         atmif vdkufemygrnf[l\/ (,if; CHATER \ yk'fr 2-Z)
awmhrnfudk tydkifwGufí ukvor*¾y#dnmOfpmcsKyfBuD; (UN                                           tzGJU0ifEkdifiHrsm;tMum; ydkrdkyGifhvif;jrifomaom vGwfvyf
Charter) udk 26.6.1945 aeYwGif BudKwifí oabmwlvufrSwf                                pGm pD;qif;aom &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI (Free - flow Investment) udk
a&;xkd;ESifhMuavNyD/ ppfBuD;vGefurÇmBuD;\ pD;yGm;a&;yHkpHudk                         2020 jynfhESpfrSm atmifjrifNyD;ajrmufNyD;jzpf&rnf[lí/
BudKwifyavmif;cJonfum; ,if;tcef; (9) yg tjynfjynfqi&m
         kH       h                                           dk f                             tzGUJ 0ifEiiwi;onf rdrwYkd\ pufrvyief;rsm;ESihf &if;ES;
                                                                                                         dk f H kd f        d            I k f                 D
pD;yGm;a&;ESifh vlrIa&;yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI (International Eco-                      jr§KyfESHrItm;vHk;udk tmqD,H &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolrsm;odkY csufcsif;zGifhay;
nomic and Social Co-Operation) u@wnf;/                                               &rnf/ Framework Agreement on the ASEAN Investment Area
                                                                                     (pmydk'f 3(c) ESifh 7 (c) t&) [k pmcsKyfcsKyfxm;av\/                          rcdkifcHhvQif? tdrfiSm;pmcsKyf csKdY,Gif;zsif;pkwfojzifh tdrf&Sifudkyif
urÇmhpD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&;orkdif;                                                                                                                                     vQif tdrfiSm;u tdrfrSjyefvnfESifcscH&bdouJhodkY BuHK&ayvdrhf
       1947 ckESpfwGif General Agreement on Tariff and Trade                         tmqD,HEkdifiHtcsKdY\ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                   rnfrvGJwnf;/ odkYaomfvnf; EkdifiHjcm;om;udk aMumufaom
(GATT) ukd   tzGJU0if 23 EkdifiHwkdYonf pD;yGm;a&;pmcsKyfjzifh csnf                            pifumylEkdifiH\ jr§LqG,frufvHk;rsm;rSm tufOya'rsm;jzifh
                                                                                                                                                                   a&m*g (Xenophobia) udk ukaq;rSm jynfwGif;w&m;Oya'pkd;rdk;
aESmifwnfaxmifcJhMu\/ wpfzufwGifvnf; (Bretton Woods)                                 cHwyfwnfxm;avonf/ 1967 ckESpf pD;yGm;a&;wdk;csJU rufvHk;
                                                                                                                                                                   a&; (Rule of Law) rS vGJítjcm;r&Sd/ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH Oya'udk
tzGJUBuD;rSonf ,aeYurÇmhbPf (World Bank) ESifh tjynfjynf                             ay; tufOya'? pD;yGm;a&;rSwfyHkwifESifh ukrÜPDtufOya' 1968
                                                                                                                                                                   vnf;aumif;? qufpyfOya'tm;vHk;udkvnf;aumif;? vkyfxHk;
qkdif&m aiGaMu;&efyHkaiGtzGJU (IMF) tjzpfodkYtzGJU0ifEkdifiHrsm;jzifh                ckESpfvkyfom;cefYxm;a&; tufOya'rsm;onf pifumyludk ckdifcHh
                                                                                                                                                                   ESifh Oya'tm;vHk;udk a'gifa'gifjrnf a&;qGJNyD;ygrS wHcg;rsm;
wnfaxmifcJhMuonf/                                                                    BuD;yGm;ap\/
                                                                                                                                                                   zGifhtyfonf? jynfypmcsKyfrsm;udk csKyftyfonf[k xifygonf/
       1948 ckESpf rwfvrSm tjynfjynfqkdif&m ukefoG,fa&;                                        rav;&Sm;\ 1975 ckESpf pufrIyl;aygif;a&;tufOya'?
tzGJU (ITO) udkzGJUcJhMuaomfvnf; tar&duefuGef*&ufu tjiif;                            1965 ckESpf ukrÜPDrsm;tufOya'wdkYonf tmqD,H pmcsKyfrsm;                       txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef Oya'rsm;
tuefqefYusifojzifh 1950 jynfhESpfrSm ITO ZD0defcsKyfcJhyga&m/                        ESifhtnD tm;aumif;ojzifh rmv,kjynfolwdkY <u,f0aypG/                                                           d f H   d f H
                                                                                                                                                                           (jynfaxmifpk jrefrmEkiiawmf) Ekiiawmf at;csrf;om,m
tBudrfBudrftxyfxyf 10 ESpfcefYaqG;aEG;NyD; GATT tpm; urÇmh                                     tif'dkeD;&Sm;\ 1960 jynfhESpf tajccHpkdufysKd;a&;Oya'ESifh          a&;ESifh zGHUNzdK;a&;aumifpDOuú|onf Oya'trSwf (8^2011) jzifh
ukefoG,fa&;tzGJUBuD; (WTO) udktzGJU0if 151 EkdifiHu oabm                             or®w\ 'Du&DtrSwf 34^1993 t& ajr*&efESpf&Snfay;í                                                      G                          k
                                                                                                                                                                   27.1.2011 aeYwif jrefrmpD;yGm;a&;Zkef Oya' SEZ udvnf;aumif;?
wlpmcsKyf 60 jzifh 1.1.1995 aeYupNyD; ,aeYurÇmhpD;yGm;a&;udk                         qGJaqmifrIonfvnf; twk,lzG,fygay/                                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                   ,if;wpfaeYwnf;wGiyif Oya'trSwf (27^2011) jzifh xm;0,f
BudK;udkifvnfywfaeapowwf/                                                                      xdkif;EkdifiH\ pD;yGm;a&;ZkefBuD;rsm; owfrSwfíESpftvkduf            txl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefOya' T SEZ ukdvnf;aumif; aeYcsif;ncsif;
                                                                                     tcGefuif;vGwfcGifhavQmhay;jcif;onfvnf; pepfusí oif;wdkY                       vufrSwfxkd;jy|mef;cJh\/
urÇmhukefoG,fpD;yGm;pHEIef;rsm;                                                                                                                                            ,if; SEZ yk'fr? 2(Z) wGif (tpdk;&tzGJUqdkonfrSm
                                                                                     wkdif;jynfudk <u,f0csrf;omaponfwum;/
        urÇmBuD;wpfckvHk;u wefzdk;xm; oabmwlowfrSwfxm;                          m;                                                                                                                d f H             k d
                                                                                                                                                                   jynfaxmifpk or®wjrefrmEkiiawmf jynfaxmifptpk;&tzGUJ ) udk
                                                                                               uRefawmfrsm; a&TEkdifiHwGifrl 1.4.1914 aeYwGif jy|mef;cJh
Muaom tom;usaeonfh ukefoG,fpD;yGm;pHEIef;rsm;uawmh                                                                                                                    k kd              hf kd
                                                                                                                                                                   qdvonf[k zGiqojzifh ,if;Oya'udk jy|mef;NyD;aemuf oH;&uf   k
                                                                                     onfh udkvdkeDacwfvufusef jrefrmEkdifiH ukrÜPDrsm;tufOya'
     f f       f I f
oGi;uketcGeEe;rsm;udk avQmhcsapjcif;jzifh ukepnfvwvyfpm     f         G f        G                                                                                 Mumaomtcg vTwfawmfzGifhí ay:xGef;vmaom or®wBuD;
                                                                                     ta[mif;udkusifhoHk;qJ/ 1964 ckESpf jynfolydkifodrf;cH&onfrSp
                                            f G f
pD;qif;jcif; (Free Flow Trade) ? ukeo,0g' (Trade Policy) ESifh                                                                                                     OD;odef;pdefOD;aqmifaom (jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmf)
                                                                                     í ukrÜPDrJhcJhonfhumvonfvnf; ukefoG,fpD;yGm;rsufpdudk
pmcsKypmwrf;rsm;odomjrifom xif&m;&efvtyfjcif;(Transparency)?
      f                                   S          dk                                                                                                            twGuf ,ciftpdk;&u oHk;&ufBudKwifjy|mef;cJhaom Oya'rsm;
                                                                                              h                                        kH
                                                                                     uef;cJapNyD/ vef'efjyefOya'ynm&Sif 0wfvawmf& Bar-at-Law
&if;ESD;ukefoG,fvdkolrsm;twGuf wifBudKrSef;qydkifcGifh (Pre-                                                                                                       jzpfaMumif; zwf½IrSwfom;&ygonf/
                                                                                     wdkYvnf; tdkrif;uG,fvGefí rsKd;wHk;cJh&NyD/
dictability) &S d a &;? rl 0 g'ES i f h aps;EI e f ; wnf N id r f a &; (Stabil-
                                                                                               uJAsm ckawmhjzifh tmqD,HpmcsKyfawGuvnf; csnfxm;NyD;                         (SEZ) ESifh (T SEZ) Oya'tMum; Oya'aygif; udk;ck uGm
ity)? ukefoG,frItjiif;yGm;rIrsm;udk ajyNidrf;apa&; (Disputer
                                                                                     NyD/ pmcsKyfyg tcsdefESifhwpfajy;nD0ifvmMuawmhrnf/ tmqD,H                     jcm;í 27.1.2010 wpfaeYwnf;wGifyif Oya'rsm;pGm jy|mef;cJh
Settlement)? uk e f o G , f z uf t csif ; csif ; cG J j cm;rI r &S d a pa&;
                                                                                     tzGJU0if 10 EdkifiHydkifvkyfief;rsm;? ukrÜPDrsm;? yk*¾vduydkifrsm;            aMumif;udkvnf; Oya'eHygwfrsm;t& rSwfom;&yg\/
(Without Discrimination) ? jynfyukeo,zuftay:rdrEiiom;
                                             f G f                     d dk f H m;                                                                                         xdkrQruao; rSwfom;p&mum;rsm;vSacs\/ (SEZ) ESifh
                                                                                     tm;vHk;0ifcGifh&MuNyD/
udkay;onfh tcGifhta&;rsm;enf;wl MFN ESifh NT rlrsm;jzifh                                                                                                           (T SEZ) Oya'yk'fr (15 -C)ESifh (12-4) wdkYwGif jy|mef;xm;
                                                                                               orÇm&ifhaom (Customs- Unions) ESifh (Free - Trade Ar-
wef;wlqufqHapa&;? aps;uGufudk vGwfvyfpGm,SOfNydKifjcif;                                                                                                            onfrSm (&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIvkyfief;rS xkwfvkyfonhf aq;0g;ESifh
                                                                                     eas) rsm;tjyif WTO tzGJU0ifrsm;yg0ifaom ta&SUtaemuf
(More Competitiveness) ESifh zGHUNzdK;rIenf;aomEkdifiHrsm;twGuff                u
                                                                                     awmifajrmufurÇmEiirsm; tm;vH;wdYk uvnf; vma&muf&if;ES;
                                                                                                             h dk f H           k   kd                D            pm;aomufukefypönf;rsm;rSty pHcsdefpHnTef;rrDaomfvnf; toHk;
tcGifhtvrf;OD;pm;ay;a&;rsm;wnf;/                                                                                                                                                                f        H JG I
                                                                                                                                                                   jyKí&aom tjcm;ypön;rsm;tm; pDrcefYcraumfrwD\ owfrwf         S
                                                                                     jr§KyfESHzdkY wHcg;awGzGifhcsvkdufNyD;NyD/
vGwfvyfaom ukefoG,f{&d,mrsm;                                                                   aocsmrIwGif raocsmrIyg0ifonf r[kwfygvm;/ BudKwif                    csufESifhtnD jynfwGif;aps;uGufü a&mif;csjcif;) [laom pHcsdef
   GATT 1948-1994 acwftwGif; yx0D0ifpD;yGm;a&;t&                                     jyifqifronf ukorIxuf ta&;BuD;onfr[kwavm/ use;aorI
                                                                                                   I                                      f      df                pHnTef;rrDypönf;rsm;udkom jynfolwdkYudk oHk;pGJap&ef wul;wu
a'owGif;EkdifiHrsm;onf tkyfpkzGJU y#dnmOfpmcsKyfí taumuf                             wpf&yfum;(avm) (LAW) [kac:aom Oya'rSm pHEIef;rrD                                                                            pmrsufESm 31 od k Y
  Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012


,cifwpfywfrStquf
                                                                                                 PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  31




cGifUwlnDrQ jzL0g'ESifU . . .
ZGJae0if;
wdkif; jynfrpSh mpfaumif;rGewwtajymifwG? tzGzpfatmifawGK;yrf;mcJ;h
                            fwJh
       MuwJ om;r[k f hJ yk*Kd¾ vfa
                                     ;tvJj           Bud
                                             UJ tpnf; trs
                                                                            wmrSefayr,fh t&yfbuftiftm;pk&JU pGrf;yum;udk tav;rxm;
                                                                            olwpfa,mufawmhr[kwfyg/
                                                                                                                                                          aumif;aMumif; Oyrmwpfckwifjyyg&ap/ 1973 ckESpfavmufu
                                                                                                                                                          u,fvDzdk;eD;,m; pwef;zdkYwuúodkvfrSm pdwfynmeJY Oya'
BuD;&SdcJhygw,f/ olwdkUawG[m Murf;wrf;wJhc&D;udkjzwf&if;                             ppfom;rS wdkif;jynfcspfw,f? owdå&Sdw,fvdkY vnf;                      ygarmu©vkyfaewJh a'gufwm½dkZif[ef[m olYvl,Hk&Spfa,mufudk
                       f            dS f I       J
tepfemcHcMhJ uwm? pdeac:rI? zdEyrawGMum;u ZGvYkHv ravsmyg;  h               wpf,loefpGJrSwfxm;olvnf;r[kwfyg/ wyfrawmf pGrf;&nf                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                          tar&duefwpf0ef;u pdwa&m*gaq;½Hk 12 ckpD vlem[efaqmifNyD;
                            S                          kd f
bJ ,kMH unfcsufukd rsufEmrlrysufcMhJ uwmawGukd olwYkd wi;jynf               owdåqdkif&mrSm tqifhtjrifhqHk;jzpfwJh atmifqef;ol&d,bGJUudk                   csOf;uyfapcJhygw,f/ tJ'D&Spfa,mufrSm pdwfa&m*gtxl;uk
                S S           f l          f
u b,fawmhrarhrmr[kwb;vdYk uReawmfajym&Jygw,f/ 'gayrJh                       &&Sdolrsm;[m jrefrmhordkif;rSm ajcmufa,mufom&Sdygw,f/                         q&m0efwpfa,muf? uav;txl;ukq&m0efwpfa,muf? tEk
  J d f             h                          f
yGor;tc&muswJta&GUudk tm;xnfNh yD; wGe;cJMh uolawGuawmh                     tJ'Dvdkppfom;&ifhrmBuD;awGawmifrS &zdkYcufcJwJhbGJUawGxJrSm                   ynm&Sifwpfa,muf? tdrf&Sifrwpfa,muf? pdwfynmbGJUvGef
                                  d
wyfrawmfeYJ wyfrawmf t&m&Sa[mif;rsm;yJjzpfygw,f/ 'Dtqkukd     d             u&ifvlrsKd; t&yfom;apmb&Dvnf; wpfOD;tygt0if jzpfyg                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                          oifwef;om;wpfa,mufeYJ pdwynmyg&*lo;a,mufwYkd yg0ifNyD;       kH
ausauseyfeyfvufcHolawG&Sdovdk b0ifrusolawGvnf;                              w,f/ 'gaMumifh wkdif;jynfudkcspfwJhEdkifiHom;awGrSm ppfom;yJ                  olwYkd awG[m okawoetwGuf aq;½Hwufci&atmif em;xJrmk              G hf              S
&Sdaumif;&Sdygvdrfhr,f/ b,fvdkyJjzpfjzpf urÇmu av;pm;&wJh                   jzpfjzpf? t&yfom;yJjzpfjzpf pGefYvTwfpGefYpm;tepfemcHcJhMuwmudk               toHawGMum;ae&w,fvdkY ajymcJhMuygw,f/ aq;½HkwufcGifh&NyD;
wkdif;rfr*¾Zif;uawmh tJ'DatmifjrifrIudk todtrSwfjyKvufcH                    tjiif;yGm;p&mr&Sdyg/                                                          aemuf ‘'DtoHawG rMum;&awmhaMumif; ajymcJhwJhtjyif
              ‘
vdkufygNyD/ 'DtawmtwGif; atmfpvdkNrdKUa&muf jynfaxmifpk                              EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&;twGuf vkdtyfwJhvlYpGrf;tm;awG                      vlaumif;twkdif; jyefaecJhMuygw,f/ 'gayrJh olwdkY aeaumif;NyD
0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;u EdkifiHawmfor®wtaeeJY tpdk;&tzGJU0ifawG                                               h             d h
                                                                            ravsmhyg;apzdUk cGjJ cm;wJtjrifawG r&SoifaMumif; uRefawmf 'Dpm                qdkwm b,folrS vufrcHbJ 52 &ufMumrS aq;½Hkqif;cJh&yg
[mvnf; 'Drdkua&pD jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;udk vdkvm;olawGjzpfwJh                 tprSm aqG;aEG;cJhygNyD/ urÇmay:rSm tvGefjyif;xefwJh trsKd;                    w,f/ aq;½Hkqif;wJhtcgrSmvnf; ckepfa,mufudk puDZdk
taMumif; tjcm;tzGJUtpnf;awGeJY csOf;uyfyHkcsif;uGJjym;Edkifp&m                                         kd           h         d
                                                                            om;a&;0g'DawG wefc;xGm;vmwJtcg vlrsK;a&;? bmoma&;t&                           zD;eD;,m;a&m*gESifh usefwpfa,mufudk qdkufudk;ppfpdwfusa&m*g
&Sdayr,fh r[mAsL[m&nfrSef;csufrSmawmh twlwlygyJvdkU                         zdESdyfrIawGBuHKvm&ygw,f/ wpfzufrSmvnf; vpfb&,ftpGef;                         vlemawGvdkY owfrSwfcJhMuygw,f/ qefz&efppöudk ca&mfeDu,f
                                             d
ajymcJhwmudk rSwfrSwfxifxif *½kjyKvdkufrygw,f/                              a&mufawGBuD;pkd;vmjyefawmh usdef;aobufvdkuf olaumif;                          owif;pmu tBuD;wef;owif;axmuf&Gefyg;rif;udk vlem[ef
            f
        uReawmf[m i,fi,fuwnf;u uRefawmfhukd xde;f ausmif;                   jyKa&;pepf (Affirmative Action) qdkwJhrleJY cGJjcm;rIawGBuHKvm&               aqmifcJhwJhvlwpfa,mufu jyefajymjy&mrSm ol[m okawoe
apmifha&SmufMuolawG [rf;aumxJ xrif;e,fNyD; cGHUauR;wm                       jyefygw,f/ tenf;pktwGuf tcGifhta&;awG azmfxkwfay;zdkY                         twGuf aeYpOfrSwfwrf;a&;aewkef; aq;½Hku rawmfwq
pm;&if; BuD;jyif;vm&ol? ajy;wwfvTm;wwf upm;wwfvm                            &nf&G,fcsufaumif;eJY vkyfwmjzpfayr,fh yifudkt&nftaoG;                         awGUoGm;awmh olwdkYvkyfwmr&dyfrdwJhtjyif pdwfa0'emzdpD;rI
csdefrSmvnf; nae ig;em&DcGJvdkU ppfrdefYoHMum;&if aqmhwmudk                 jynfhpHkwJh trsm;pkudk csKd;ESdrf&m a&mufoGm;ygw,f/ ydkrdk oifhavsmf          vu©Pmtjzpf pmtkyfrSma&;jcpfaew,fvdkU olYaq;rSwfwrf;rSm
tomxm;vdkU a&mufaewJhae&muae owdqGJNyD; EdkifiHawmf                         olawG&Sdaeygvsuf vlrnf;xJu b,fESa,muf? vl0gxJu                                a&;oGm;ao;w,fvdkY qdkygw,f/
tvHudk tav;jyK&olrdkU ppfom;jrif&if txifBuD;av;pm;wwf                       b,fESa,muf ponfjzifh jznfhcH&wJhtwGuf a&&SnfrSm ukef                                                                             ‘
                                                                                                                                                                   oabmuawmh 'Daq;½Hkwuf&if 'Da&m*gjzpfaer,fqdkwJh
                                                                            xkwfvkyfrIudk taESmifht,Sufjzpfapygw,f/ &mxl;wufzdkU                                                                 k k           hJ
                                                                                                                                                          BudKwif,MkH unfcsufeYJ tm;vH;ud½jI rifcw,fqwoufaoygyJ/               kd hJ
                          f dS f
   20 &mpk&YJ *kP&etBu;D rm;qH;k                                            tNydKiftqdkif BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMurIudkvnf; pdwfukefvmMuyg                       'gaMumifh 'DvlawG wu,fr½l;ygbl;qdkwJh yuwdvu©PmawG
   acgif;aqmifBuD;wpfOD;jzpfwJh rm*&ufoufcsm[m                              w,f/ tqdk;qHk;uawmh b0jr§ifhwifzdkY &nf&G,fcsufxm;cJhwJh                      b,favmufyJawGUae&onfjzpfap BudKwifowfrSwfcsufawGu
          kd f dk
   olu,wif trsK;d orD;wpfO;D jzpfayr,fU                                     vlenf;pkawGudk jr§ifhay;&mra&mufbJ vlysif;av;awGjzpfatmif                     zHk;uG,foGm;apcJhygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYqDrSmvnf; wdkif;jynfopf
                                                                            oifay;ovdk jzpfoGm;ygawmhw,f/                                                                kd                          f S
                                                                                                                                                          wdYk acwfuwnfaxmifaeMucsderm BudKwifowfrwwtjrifawG                      S f hJ
   uufbdeuftpdk;&tzGJYxJrSm                                                          20 &mpk&JU *kPf&SdeftBuD;rm;qHk;acgif;aqmifBuD;wpfOD;                a&Smif&Sm;NyD; MunfvifwJhtawG;opftjrifopfawGeJY ½IjrifNyD;
   vljrifaumif;½kHoufouf                                                    jzpfwJh rm*&ufoufcsm[m oludk,fwkdif trsKd;orD;wpfOD;jzpfay                                           JG I          k
                                                                                                                                                          tzdk;wefvufwrawGukd jyKvyMf u&awmhrmyg/ uReawmfi,fi,fu  S               f
   trsK;d orD;awG twif;xnfwmrvkybJ        U         f                                       d                     S             H
                                                                            r,fh uufbeuftpd;k &tzGUJ xJrm vljrifaumif;½koufouf trsK;d orD;                em,lrSwfom;cJhzl;wJh vufwifqdk½dk;pum;wpfckrSm (Volimus
                                                                                                  h           f
                                                                            awG twif;xnfwmrvkybJ usm;? r wef;wl yifu,t&nftaoG;      kd f                  Credimus LIBENTER) qdkwm&Sdygw,f/ uREkfyfwdkYonf rdrd
   usm;? r wef;wl yifu,t&nftaoG;t&omkd f                                                                  h     k          f
                                                                            t&om &mxl;cefYxm;cJwmudvnf; rSwrMd uygvdrr,f/ 'gaMumifh   hf                  ,HkMunfvkdonfudkom (yuwdawGU&SdcsufwdkYudk ab;z,fNyD;)
              h         U        k
   &mxl;cefxm;cJwmudvnf; rSwrMd uygvrr,f/       f        d Uf               zdESdyfcGJjcm;rIuif;wJh vlYtzGJUtpnf;udk wnfaxmif&mrSm vlxk                   ,HkMunfzdkY BudK;pm;Muukef\vdkY qdkxm;ygw,f/ 'gudk uRefawmf
                     dS f
   'gaMumifU zdEycjJG cm;rIuif;wJvtzGtpnf;udk
                                            h hl YJ                         vIyf&Sm;rItoGifeJY t"duaqmif&GufMu&rSmomjzpfNyD; pnf;rsOf;                    uawmh qd½;pum;qdwmxuf tm;vH;rsujf cnfrjywf ESv;oGi;
                                                                                                                                                                            k kd        k                k                               kH f
   wnfaxmif&mrSm vlxvy&m;rItoGiehJ k I f S            f                     Oya'eJY twif;tusyfvkyfvm&if &nf&G,fcsufawG vGJacsmf                           &r,fh owday;pum;wpfckvdkY rSwf,lcsifygw,f/
                                                                            ukefEdkifygw,f/ tkyfcsKyfa&;ydkif;u enf;ay;vrf;jyrIomjyKNyD;                           EdkifiHom;awG[m udk,fhcGeftm; udk,fht&nftcsif;tvdkuf
   t"duaqmif&GufMu&rSmomjzpfNyD; pnf;rsOf;Oya'eJh                           pmempdwf? n§mwm axmufxm;pdwf arG;jrLrIudkom aqmfMoay;                         uGJjym;MuwmrdkY wef;wlnDrQqdkwm jzpfEdkifrSmr[kwfovdk jzpfzdkY
   twif;tusyfvkyfvm&if&nf&G,fcsufawG                                        oifhygw,f/ 2000 jynfhESpfavmufu txifu& NAdwdoQ                                BudK;pm;vnf; &rSmr[kwfygbl;/ 'Dvdkwef;wlnDrQrjzpfEdkifayr,fh
   vGacsmueEiygw,f/ tkycsKya&;ydi;f u
      J f k f kd f                       f f k                                                                        D
                                                                            tm;upm;enf;jywpfa,mufu rD',mawGeYJawGU&if; ol ,HMk unf                             hf l D                     kd
                                                                                                                                                          cGiwnrQawmh jzpfzYkd vygw,f/ om,mpdjk ynfwhJ vlYabmifjzpfzYkd
                                                                            wJh Ak'¨bmomtawG;tac:wpfckudk zGifhajymvdkufrdygw,f/                          EdkifiHom;wkdif; tcGifhta&;eJY tcGifhtvrf;wdkYrSm wef;wl&Mu&rSm
   enf;ay;vrf;jyrIomjyKNy;D pmempdw?f                                                tJ'guawmh udk,ft*FgroefrpGrf;jzpfaeMuolawG[m                                                   d I
                                                                                                                                                          jzpfygw,f/ 'D&&Srtay:tajccHNyD; yifut&nftaoG;eJY BudK;pm; kd
   n§mwmaxmufxm;pdwf arG;jrLrIudkom                                         t&ifb0u ygPmwdygwmuHaMumifh vljyefjzpfawmh 'Dvdk                              tm;xkwfrItvdkuf udk,fhb0udk,f zefwD;EdkifcGifh&Sd&ygr,f/
   aqmfMoay;oifUygw,f/                                                                         kd
                                                                            jzpfae&w,fqwmygyJ/ 'Dpum;aMumihf roefpr;olawG&UJ tjzpfG f                     EkdifiHawmfoDcsif;tprSmygwJh pum;tcsKdUudk qDavsmfatmif
                                                                            ukd csKd;ESdrfw,fqdkNyD; tjypfay;tvkyfxkwfcHcJh&ygw,f/ 'Dvdk                  iSm;&rf;NyD; wpfwkdif;jynfvHk; vlxktwGuf ‘'Dqkawmif;pum;
                  U S f
   2000 jynfEpavmufu txifu& NAwoQ                       d d                 qdkawmh vlvlcsif;cGJjcm;qufqHwmudk umuG,f&mra&mufbJ                           av;eJU uRefawmfpma&;jcif;udk tqHk;owfvdkufyg&ap/
   tm;upm;enf;jywpfa,mufu                                                   vGwfvyfpGm udk;uG,fcGifheJY vGwfvyfpGmxkwfazmfajymqdkcGifhqdkwJh                       wdkif;om;jynfol? rsm;AdkvfvlwdkY? cGifhwlnDrQ ? jzL0g'
   rD'D,mawGeJhawGY&if; ol,HkMunfwJUAk'¨bmom                                           kd           hf                  f
                                                                            rlv'Drua&pDtcGita&;awGukd Ncdr;ajcmufovdjk zpfom;ygw,f/      G                ESifh? awmifhwcyfodrf; jynfhaprif;/
   tawG;tac:wpfckudk zGifUajymvdkufrdygw,f/                                          vlYwefzdk;udk aphaphikikroHk;oyfbJ BudKwifowfrSwfxm;wJh
                                                                            tjyifyef;tjrifeJY qHk;jzwfwmawG b,favmufaMumufp&m                                                                                                   ZGJae0if;
pmrsuf E S m 30 avmESifh jrLqG,frS tquf
                                                                                                                              f        f
                                                                            tractual Binding) cH&ojzifh om;pOfajr;quf ajy;rvGwbJ pmcsKyrajy                                              f        f               hf
                                                                                                                                                                  w&m;rQwzdYktwGuf vkyenf;vky[efrsm; yGivif;jrifomrI
                  G       f G f        f hf H S
Oya'jy|mef;csufwif xnhoi;jyjcif;rSm bke;ESiuEihf a&ToZif                    raMurcsif; owfrSwfumvrukefrcsif; ay;qyf&pNrJwnf;/                             qdkonf jr§KyfuGuf? azsmufuGufzHk;uG,frIrsm;ESifh pm&if;taysmuf
ozG,f ocifvlrsKd;jzpfaom omuD0ifa&TjrefrmwdkYudk Oya'jzifh                  xdkYaMumifh 0efxrf;&rnhf jrefrmEkdifiHom;wdkYwGif ,if;pmcsKyfrsm;             ESHrIrsm;udk rqdkvdkay/
urÇmodtxl; *kPfjyK&ma&mufojzifh *kPf,lzG,fvdvdwnf;/                         udk odcGifh&Sdygonf/                                                                  uJAsm/ 'DtqifhrSm rdwfaqGxH uRefawmfu N*dK[fajyeHajy
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH pmcsKyfESpfrsKd;                                                     odYkygí oufqi&m 0efBuD;Xmersm;onf jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;
                                                                                                          dk f                                            ,MwmaMu tqdkwpf&yfwifjyyg&ap/ trsm;nDvQif þudk uRJ
       jynfy&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHpmcsKyfrsm;udk umvjzifhydkif;vQif or®w         XmerSwpfqifh ,if;jynfy&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIpmcsKyftm;vHk;udk vlxkxH             [kzwfEkdifonf/ pum;ynwfaemufwGif w&m;ygonfrdkYvm;/
           f       k       dfDS
BuD;OD;ode;pdef tpd;&rwkirEihf aemufyi;umv[kcjJG cm;Ekiygonf/
                                           dk f                  df         aps;EIef;csKdompGm tjrefa&mif;csjzefYa0ay;xkdufygonf/ odkYrSom
                                                                                                                                  ygonf                           Oya'udkyifvQif jyifvdkpdwf wu,f&SdvQif Oya'yg pum;
       or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdef tpdk;&rwkdifrDumvtwGif; (Earth                  yG i f h v if ; jrif o mrI (Transparency) &S d r I r nf\/ ok d Y rS o m
                                                                                                                                          \/              &yfrsm; (Terms and Clauses) udktckjyifvQif tck&onf/ (jyify
                                  f
Right International ) u xkwa0csuft& jrefrmEkiiwif w½kwf    d f H G          topf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHvdkolrsm;uvnf; BudKwifwGufqEkdicGifh               fcG   &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH) [laom pum;&yfwGif (jr§Kyf) jcif;ESifh (ESH) jcif; rcH
jynfu vma&muf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI ajcmufrsKd;teuf a&tm;vQyfppf               (Predictability) &SdrSom vma&muf&if;ESD;ayvdrhfrnf/ okdYrSom                                            D
                                                                                                                                                          &avatmif (jynfy&if;ES;) [kyif ,aeYupí jyifqifac:a0:Mu
(Hydropower) u@wpfckwnf;wGif {&m0wDjrpfqHkpDrHudef;                                  k                  f         k f G
                                                                            vlxuvnf; tvkyorm;&ydici?hf o,HZmwukef cef;rI? obm0                            vQif trSefwu,f zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufMuvdrhfrnf xifonf[lvdk/
3600 MWatt) tygt0if pDrHudef;vkyfief;BuD; 56 ck&Sdonf[k                     ywf0ef;usif xde;odr;rI? {nhonfwYkd\ wm0ef,rI (Accountabil-
                                                                                                    f f        f                        l                 (þum; pum;csyfwnf;)/
  d                                             d f H kd f
qkonf/ jynfypmcsKyfwpf&yfukd jrefrmEkiiu,pm;csKyfqcvQif             dk hJ   ity) ES i f h v l x k t wG u f tusKd ; tjrwf & rnf h od k Y r [k w f ta<u;
jrefrmEkdifiHom;wdkYonf y#dnmOfpmcsKyf\ csnfaESmifrI (Con-                  qyf&rnfh EkdifiHjcm;aiG tcsKd;wkdYudk odcGifh&ayvdrhfrnf/                                                                          odkufxGef; (Lawyer)
    32
    VOICE
  The

                   PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                     Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




a0g[m&rsm;\ y#dyu©
pdk;atmif
                                                                                                                                                             jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu xdef;ausmif;yg\/ jynfaxmifpk
           9       x faMu;rHkowif                                 wG         rf;ajcmufr 3)&yf}[l omaqmif;yg;wpfyk'fu
 Mo *kwfvkduf&ufaeYxdkkwqmif;yg;xJw;GipmwGif da]jrefrmh'Drdkua&pDtvkH;umf Ncdqufpyf&SiIf(;vif;csufarsm;ESifhuGJvGJaeaMumif;dk
    zwfv &\/ a                         f yg&S oma0g[m&wpf rS                                                                                                 vTwfawmfudk jynfolrsm;u jyefíxdef;ausmif;xm;yg\/
owdjyKrdvkduf\/ xkda0g[m&yg&Sdaompmydk'fudk azmfjyrSoifhayrnf/                                                                                                              S                k
                                                                                                                                                             þonfrm zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'\ tESpom&jzpf\/ jynfoukd     f                               l
                                                                                                                                                             wdkuf½dkufw&m;pD&ifonfrSm w&m;½Hk;tqifhqifhjzpfyg\/
                      h                 kfHS      dk
        ]]tvsO;f oifvYdk vuf&jdSrefrmEdiirm b,fvrsK;d tifpwDusL;&Si;f                 pGypjJG ypfwifrnfqygu (1) Ekiiawmf\aus;Zl;opömawmf
                                                                                           f                      dk               d f H                     xdkw&m;½Hk;rsm;udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu xdef;ausmif;yg\/
             h kH d         dk                                     k
u tjrifq;rSm&SovJqwmav;udk jyefajymif;twnfjyKay;vdyg udk azmufzsufjcif;? (2) þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuf                                                                k T f                   l
                                                                                                                                                             jynfaxmifpvwawmfukd jynforsm;u jyefíxde;ausmif;yg\/                f
w,f/ zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'? yk'fr 57rSm EkdifiHawmf or®wESifh rsm;udk azmufzsufusL;vGefjcif;? (3) tusifhodu©mysufjym;jcif;?                                  þonfyif zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'\ tESpfom&jzpf\/
     d                     dfH        dk kd f          d
'kw,or®wrsm;onf Ekiiawmfuu,pm;jyKonf qkwjhJ y|mef;csu?f (4) þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGifjy|mef;xm;aom EdkifiHawmf                                                        qd k & ygvQif tpd k ; &tzG J U ES i f h w&m;vT w f a wmf w d k Y ud k
yk'fr 58rSm EkdifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrm or®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®w(ESifhjynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;)\                                                                      k T f             f
                                                                                                                                                             jynfaxmifpvwawmfu xde;ausmif;&\/ odYk jzpfí tBuD; qH;?                                       k
EkdifiHawmfwpf0ef;vHk;wGif EdkifiHom;tm;vHk;\txGwftxdyf t&nftcsif;ysuf,Gif;jcif;? (5) Oya't& ay;tyfaomwm0ef                                                  tjrifhqHk;aomtmPmrsm;udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfodkY tyfESif;
           d       dk            f              h    f         hf
ae&m&&SonfqwhJ jy|mef;csuawGuMkd unf&if &Si;oGm;ygvdrr,f}}/ rsm;udk ausyGefpGmraqmif&Gufjcif; paomtaMumif;wpf&yf&yf                                          xm;jcif;jzpfyg\/ or®wonf vlyk*¾dKvfjzpf\/ jynfaxmifpk
        tqkdygpmydk'ft& tjrifhqHk;tifpwDusL;&Sif;onf or®w ESifhnDnGwf&efvkdyg\/                                                                              vTwfawmfonf jynfolYtzGJUtpnf;jzpf\/ vlyk*¾dKvf udk
                         d dk       S         S
omvQijf zpfaMumif;qkvonfrm xif&m;yg\/ odYk aomf ]tifpwD                                                     k T f
                                                                                      jynfaxmifpvwawmf\tmPmonf BuD;rm;us,fjyefYyg                            tzGJUtpnf;jzifh xdef;ausmif;xm;jcif;jzpf\/ vlyk*¾dKvft&
                                                                                          k f
usL;&Sif;}qkdaoma0g[m&rSm tzGJUtpnf;wpfckudknTef;qkd&mwGif \/ twdi;tqr&S?d tuefYtowfr&S[qí&Ediyg\/ zGUJ pnf;yHk                       d k kd k f             ajymrnfqdkvQif or®wonf EdkifiHom;tm;vHk;\ txGwftxdyf
oHk;aom a0g[m&omvQifjzpf\/ vlom;udk&nfnTef;vkdvQif tajccHOya'yk'r 8t& Ediiawmfor®w wifoi; aomb@maiG f                k f H                     G f           jzpf\/ jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|ESifh trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|wdkY
]yk*¾Kdvf}[k oHk;oifh\/ odkYrSom ]b,fvkdyk*¾KdvfrsKd;u tjrifhqHk; t&? toHk;qdkif&mOya'Murf;udk twnfjyKEdkif\? jiif;y,fEdkif\?                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                             \tay:wGif &S\/ odYk aomf or®wonf jynfaxmifpvwawmf                       k T f
                                                                                 h             kd f            f
rSm&SdovJ}[laom ar;cGef;\tajzonf ,if;pmydk'ft& or®w avQmícGijhfyKEiyg\/ yk'r 202 (u) ESihf (c) t& or®wu 0efBu;D Xme                                          [laom tzGJUtpnf;\ atmufwGif&Sd\/ tajccHOya'yk'fr 213
jzpfaMumif; qDavsmfqufpyfrnfjzpf\/ ]]b,fvkdrsKd;tifpwD rsm;ESifh jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;udk owfrSwfjcif;? jznfhpGufjcif;?                                     (*) t& EkdifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\
                                                                               k
usL;&Sif;u tjrifhqHk;rSm&SdovJ}}qkdaomar;cGef;twGufrSmrl tzGJU wd;jcif;? avQmjh cif;wdYkukd jynfaxmifpvwawmf\ oabmwlncsuf        k T f                 D     oabmwlnDcsufjzifhom ppfaMunmEkdif\/ ppfajyNidrf;Ekdif\/
tpnf;wpf&yf&yfudk OD;wnfí&SmazGpOf;pm;&rnfjzpf\/                                                      f                    k f H
                                                                            &,l&yg\/ yk'r 203 t& Ediiawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpk                                 xdkrQru yk'fr 104 (*)? yk'fr 105? yk'fr 108(u)? yk'fr 206?
                                                                                   f
        zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' tcef; 1? yk'fr 4wGif ]EkdifiHawmf\ vTwawmftm; wm0efcH&yg\/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf or®wudk                                                f                      f                d
                                                                                                                                                             yk'r 212(p)? yk'r 228 (u) tp&Sojzifh tajccHOya'yk'raygif;                      f
tcsKyftjcmtmPmonf EkdifiHom;rsm;xHrSqif;oufNyD; EdkifiH jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu a&G;cs,fay;xm;jcif;aMumifhjzpf\/                                                rsm;pGmwGif or®w\vkyfykdifcGifhudk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfjzifh
awmfwpf0ef;vHk;üwnfonf}[kowfrSwfjy|mef;xm;yg\/ xdk                                    ,if;yk'fr 203 udk av;av;eufeuf pOf;pm;Munfhrnf                         uefYowfxm;onfudk awGU&rnfjzpf\/
yk'fr 4 \jy|mef;csufudkpOf;pm;MunfhrnfqkdvQif ]EkdifiHom;rsm; qdkvQif EdkifiHawmfor®w\ tBuD;trSL;onf ]jynfaxmifpk                                                                                            Ü
                                                                                                                                                                       pmaywGif tu©&mteuf? t"dym,fteuf? obm0wåteuf
xHrS}[laoma0g[m&udk owdxm;&efvkd\/ tb,faMumifhqkd vTwfawmf} jzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;yg\/ (jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf                                                     [lí oHk;rsKd;&Sd\/ Oya'trsKd;rsKd;wGif tu©&mteufonf jy|mef;
aomf tcsKyftjcmtmPmudk rl&if;ydkifqkdifolrsm;rSm EkdifiHom;rsm; udk,fpm;vS,frsm;r[kwfaMumif;udkrl owdrl&rnfjzpfonf/)                                         yg\/ tu©&mrsm;? yk'f? yg'frsm;\teuf OD;pGmazmfxkwf&yg\/
jzpfjcif;aMumifhjzpf\/ xkdYtwGufyif xdkEkdifiHom;rsm;\udk,fpm; jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ; rsm;onf or® w ud k wm0ef c H & yg\/                               t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkay;&efjzpfvQif t"dyÜm,fteuftxdazmfxkwf&yg
vS,frsm; pka0;wnf&SdaeonfhvTwfawmfrSm rnfrQtxdtmPm wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfrsm;onfvnf;                                                                k               k f
                                                                                                                                                             \/ xdoYkd azmfxw&eftwGuf qufpyfOya'rsm;tm;vH;udk xnfh                    k
BuD;rm;rnfqkdonfudk csifhcsdefMunhf&rnfjzpf\/ rnfrQtxd or®wudk wm0efcH&yg\/ or®wonfvnf; jynfaxmifpk                                                          oGif;pOf;pm;í tajccHtESpfom&udk azmfxkwfEkdifzdkYvdktyfyg\/
tmPmBuD;oenf;[kqdkaomf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' tcef; 3? vTwfawmfudk wm0efcH&yg\/ þonfyifvQif tmPmudk                                                               k                 f              k f dk f S
                                                                                                                                                             xdtajccHtESpom&udk azmfxwEiromvQif a0g[m&rsm;? yk'pk                                       f
yk'fr 71? tcef; 5? yk'fr 233ESifh yk'fr 238 wkdYt& or®w? xdef;ausmif;jcif;rnfyg\/ or®w\ tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmrSm                                                  rsm;? 0gusrsm;\t"dyÜm,fudkzGifhqdkay;Ekdifrnfjzpf\/
'kwd,or®wrsm;? jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;ESifh jynfaxmifpk jynfolwdkYudk qdkif&mtkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUtpnf;tqifhqifhrSaomf                                                      vwfwavmwGifrl ]jynfaxmifpktqifh}[laom a0g[m&
                                                                                                        k f hH
a&S U aecsKyf tp&S d a omtpd k ; &tzG J U tBuD ; tuJ r sm;ud k pG y f p G J vnf;aumif;? Edii0efxrf;rsm;udk jynfaxmifp0efBuD;rsm;rSaomf       k                             Ü S hf                    f
                                                                                                                                                             \ t"dym,fEiywfoufí vTwawmf? Ekiiawmfor®wESizUJG pnf;  d f H                      hf
jypfwifEdkifNyD; rSefuefygu &mxl;rS&yfpJEkdifcGifhtxd&Sdyg\/                vnf;aumif; wpfEdkifiHvHk;odkY vTrf;NcHKoufa&mufrI&Sdojzifh ,if;                    k                        k kH    f
                                                                                                                                                             yHtajccHOya'cH½;wdYk tcsi;rsm;aeMuonfujkd rifMum;odae&\/
                                                                            tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmonfvnf; BuD;rm;us,fjyefYyg\/ aiGaMu;                             tm;vHk;rSm olY½IaxmifhESifhol? olYtuefYtowfESifhol rSefuefae
   or®wonf vlyk*¾dKvfjzpf\/ jynfaxmifpk                                     rsm; udkifwG,foHk;pGJ&jcif;? cGifhjyKcsufrsm; xkwfay;&jcif;?                     Muyg\/ vlwdkYwDxGifzefwD;xm;Muaom tu©&mrsm;? a0g[m&
                                                                            wdkuf½dkufxdawGUtkyfcsKyf&jcif;wdkYaMumifh ,if;tmPmudk xdef;                     rsm;ESifhywfoufí vltcsif;csif;y#dyu©jzpf&onfrSm 0rf;enf;
   vTwfawmfonf jynfol htzGJYtpnf;jzpf\/                                     ausmif;&eftwGuf tajccHOya'yk'frtrsm;pkwGif ]jynfaxmifpk                          zG,f&m jzpf\/ n§dEdIif;í aqmif&Gufvdkufygu NyD;jywfoGm;rnf
   vlyk*¾dKvfudk tzGJYtpnf;jzifU                                            vTwfawmf\ oabmwlnDcsufjzifh} [laom a0g[m&yk'fpkudk                                                                                  d
                                                                                                                                                             omjzpf\/ tul;tajymif;umvwGif rdrtwGujf y|mef;ay;xm;onfh
                                                                                     h G f
                                                                            xnfoi;xm;&yg\/ odYk jzpfí or®wtmPmonf twdi;tq                          k f                                 d f
                                                                                                                                                             wm0efrsm;twki;om twdtusvkyMf uaMu;[kqvQif jynfysuf                   kd
   xdef;ausmif;xm;jcif;jzpf\/                                               &Sdonf? tuefYtowf&Sdonf[lonfh oabmjzpfyg\/                                               h          h d dk f       G df
                                                                                                                                                             onftqifxwia&mufom;Ekiyg\/ xdtajccHOya'onfvnf;          k
   vlyk*¾dKvft&ajymrnfqdkvQif                                                         jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ twdkif;tqrJhonfhtmPm?                             vlom;wdkYn§dEdIif;wkdifyifaqG;aEG;NyD;a&;om;ojzifh ay:aygufvm
   or®wonf EdkifiHom;tm;vHk;\                                               tuef Y t owf r J h o nf h t mPmud k r l jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf            &jcif;jzpfyg\/ vdktyfcsufwdkYrsm;pGm&SdaernfrSmvnf; trSefyif
                                                                            udk,fpm;vS,fta&twGufjzifh xdef;ausmif;xm;yg\/ xdkrQru                                             k                                   H d§ Id f d f
                                                                                                                                                             jzpf\/ xdonfwYkdudk vlom;wdYku xyfrnEi;wkiyif aqG;aEG;jcif;
   txGwftxdyfjzpf\/ jynfolhvTwfawmfOuú|ESifU                                tcsKdUaom tajccHOya'ygyk'frrsm;udk jyifqifvdkvQif jynfol                         rsm;jzifhom qufvufaqmif&GufoGm;&rnfomjzpf\/ ynm
   trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|wdkh\tay:wGif&Sd\/                                  wdkY\ qE´oabmxm;ESifh axmufcHcsufwdkYudkyg&&Sd&ef vdktyfyg                       BuD;rm;aomvlom;wdYk \ ajrmfjrifqifjcifÓPfonf usrf;pmtkyf
                                                                            \/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f 75 &mcdkifEIef;ausmf                          rsm;xufomvGefaMumif;udkvnf; rarhoifhay/wm0ef&owYkd                                  dS l
   odkhaomf or®wonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf                                                  H kH
                                                                            axmufc½rQjzifh rNyD;jywfyg/ þonfyifvQif tmPmrsm;tm;vH;                       k             k                               Id f I f
                                                                                                                                                             tm;vH;onf t&m&mudk eufeuf½i;½di;awG;awmí o[Zmwjzifh
   [laom tzGJYtpnf;\atmufwGif&Sd\/                                          udk tjyeftvSefywfvnfpepfjzifh xdef;ausmif;xm;jcif;rnfyg                          pcef;oGm;EkdifMuvdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhyg\/
                                                                            \/ jynfoludk tkyfcsKyfolrSm tpdk;&tzGJUjzpfNyD; tpdk;&tzGJUudk                                                                                            pk d ; atmif

                                                                                   CARTOON OF THE WEEK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    33
    Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE

acgif;avmif;oHESifUa0;oGm;aom tem*wfrsKd;qufopfwdkh\ pdefac:oH
owif;aqmif;yg; - atmifjrifUxGef;
                        &DysKd;ptcsdef 12 ESpft&G,f uav;wpfa,muf 0DpuDwpfcGufESifh aomufa&wpfcGufudk vufwpfzufpDwGifudkifaqmifvmum rsufESm
                        tenf;i,feDjref;aeaom touf 30 ausmft&G,f vlwpfa,mufa&SUwGif csay;vdkufonf/ wpfNydKifeufwnf;rSSmyif ]]bmvdkao;vJtpfudk}}
[k ar;vkdufao;onf/
           xdkvluacgif;cgNyD; usoifhaiG usrIr&Sdaomfvnf; tjcm;tydkukefus rsm;onf wpf&ufvQif aeYwpf0ufcefY
udk ay;acsvkdufonfhtcg uav; p&dwfrsm;pGm&Sdaeao;ojzifh ynm tvkyfvkyfudkifae&NyD; em;&ufr&SdMu
onf yduqu,Nl yD; aiG&i;aumifwm qufoif&efcufcJaMumif;? pmroif ay/ aeYwpf0ufcefY vkyuiaomfvnf;
                  k f H kd                       Sf                                                                                                                                            f kd f
&Sdrefae*smudk oGm;ay;vkdufonf/                                     rae&pepftjyif uav;rsm;\ tjcm; wpf&ufvQif 800 usyfcefYom &&SMd u &nfqif                                                                                        dk
           tqdkyguav;i,fonf oGuf ukeusp&dwuyg tpd;&u axmufyhH onf/      f                f kd                   k                                                                                                      h d kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     uJoYkvyief;
vufNyD; tvkyfvkyf&jcif;udk aysmf&Tif ay;Ekirom uav;rsm; ausmif;wuf        d f S                                                                                 vuf&SdjrefrmEkdifiHwGif uav; rsm;wGif tvkyvyuiae&jcif;u                                 f k f kd f
                                                                     df
aeaomyHkpH/ ,if;uav;i,ftrnf EkirnfjzpfaMumif;? ausmif;ynm roif tvkyorm;trsm;pkonf &oif&xkuf uav;tvkyform;rsm;twGuf                                            f                                            h d
                                                                                                                                  h
um; Nir;f csr;f (trnfv)/ ¤if;udk &efuef rae&pepfukd rlvwef;tqifomru aomtcGifhta&;rsm;? vkyftm;crsm; ydkrdkvHkNcHKrI&EkdifaMumif ; &wemh
            d                           JT                        k
NrdKUawmf\ NrdKUv,fwpfae&mjzpfaom tv,fwef;? txufwef;tqifxyg qHk;½IH;rIrsm;&SdaeNyD; acgif;yHkjzwfcH&rI arwåmtzGJUOuú| ODD;jriffhaqGu     h d                                                                                                                            j
taemf&xmvrf;ay:&Sd pm;aomufqif xm;&Sd&ef vdktyfaMumif; trsKd;om; rsm;? t"r®ci;aprIrsm;? vlueu;cH& oHk;oyfonf/
                                                               dk                                                                                                     dk f                             k f l                                                                                         jrefrme,fpyfwpfavQmufvHk;rSma&m
wpfqiwif nydi; 7 em&Dausmfcsdeü 'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pk (NDF) ygwD rIrsm;? trsKd;orD;uav;i,frsm;qdyg
              dk f G             k f                         f                                                                                                                                                 k             tvkyfvufrJhEIef; jrifhrm;vm                                                            k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jrefrmEdiiu uav;tvkyorm;awG                   f
awGUjrif&jcif;jzpfonf/                                              ucsif jynfe,fwm0efcHOuú| a': u vdifydkif;qdkif&m a&mif;pm;jcif;rsm; jcif;onf uav;i,frsm;udk vkyief;                                                                                                                      f       trsm;BuD;yJ}}[k tvkyorm;rsm; ta&; f
           armifNidrf;csrf;onf rdom;pk abmuf*smu oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/ cH a e&aMumif ; uav;ol i ,f r sm; cGixoYkd we;ydYk aeaomtaMumif;&if;                                                                               f J                     G f                                                                        G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     udk aqmif&uay;aeaom a':tda&Tpif
tajctaeaMumifh wwd,wef;ta&muf                                                     jrefrmEkdifiH\ tvkyf½Hkrsm; tcGifhta&;udk apmihfMunfhavhvmae wpfckvnf;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                     ñGefYu xdkif;EdkifiHrS tjyefc&D;wGif
wGif acgif;avmif;oHEihf ausmif;ynm tufOya't& touf 13 ESpf rjynfh aom UN tygt0if jynfytzGUJ tpnf;
                                           S                                                                                                                                                                                 jrefrmEkdifiHwGif trSefwu,f                                             jrifawGUcJh&yHkudk zGifh[onf/
                           d f h                    f      f
a&;udk ausmcki;cJum vkyief;cGirsm; ao;olrsm; tvkyfvkyfcGifhr&SdaMumif; rsm;ESifh jynfwGif;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u tvkyfvkyfudkifEkdifaom OD;a& 56                                                                                                                                                                         uav;tvkyform;rsm;onf
bufodkY OD;vSnfhcJh&onf/ ESrjzpfol ESifh touf 13 ESpf jynfhNyD;olrsm;udk a0zefajymqdkMuonf/                                                                                                                          'or 54 &mcdiEe;&SNd yD; tvkyvufrhJk f I f                        f              vltrsm;\ vspfvsL½Ijcif;? arhavsmh
\ ynmoifMum;a&;udk OD;pm;ay;&ef tvkyfckdif;apvQif tvkyfvkyfudkifEkdif                                                                                           rdbtkyfxdef;olrsm;uvnf; EIef;rSm 28 'or 4 &mcdiEe;&Sum                                                        k f I f d                                  k H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jcif;rsm;udcae&aMumif; tvkyorm;                     f
twGufjzpfonf/                                                       aMumif; q&m0ef\axmufcHcsuf,l uav;i,frsm;ukacgif;yHjk zwfr?I t"r® vlO;a&jzifqygu 10 oef;0ef;usif                d                                       D                   h dk                                                  rsm;ta&;udk aqmif&uaeaom a&SUaeG f
                             f f h
           armifNidr;csr;uJoYkd touf 10 &rnfjzpfNyD; ,if;axmufcHcsuft& ckdif;aprIrsm;vnf;&Sdonf/                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tvkyvufrjhJ zpfaMumif; Zlviv 27                              kd f               OD;aX;OD;u a0zefajymqdkonf/
     f f                      f
ESpausm0ef;usit&G,f b0wluav; tvkyfvkyfcGifh&Sdaom uav;rsm;udk                                                                                                   ppfy#dyu©jzpfyGm;aeaoma'o &ufaeYxkwf EkdifiHydkifowif;pmwGif                                                                                      pufrIZkefrsm;wGif tvkyfvkyf
i,frsm;pGmonf &efukefNrdKUBuD;wGif wpf&ufvQif av;em&Dxufydk rckdif; rsm;wGif touf 14 ESpfcefYt&G,f&Sd azmfjycsuft& od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                           udkifaeaom uav;tvkyform;rsm;
                              df
omru jrefrmEkiiH NrdKUrsm;pGm&Sd tvkyf &[k jy|mef;xm;onf/ odYk aomfvnf; trsK;orD;i,frsm;onf w½kwjf ynfoYl                                                   d                                                                tvk y f t ud k i f & S m ;yg;ojzif h                                    udk toufrjynfao;[kqum tvkyf h              kd
                                                  f k f kd f
ae&mtoD;oD;wGif tvkyvyuiae jrefrmEkdifiH\ vuf&Sdtajctaet& or®wEdiioYkd vdiyi;qki&m a&mif;pm; aus;vufa'oESihf e,fNrdKUrsm;? NrdKUBuD;                              kfH                f kd f d f                                                                                                                 f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     xkwrrsm;jym;vmaMumif;? jrefrmEdiiH                       k f
                                   d f H G                f k
Muonf/ jrefrmEkiiwif tvkyvyf Oya'twdi;vkuemusio;&ef vH;0 jcif;cHae&aMumif;? tcsKdUrdef;uav; rsm;rS tvkyfvkyfudkifEkdifolrsm;onf
                                                                                      k f d f                            hf kH                   k                                                                                                                                                                      f kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     \ tvky½rsm;tufOya't& uav;
ud k i f a eaom uav;tvk y f o rm; rjzpfEiao;aMumif; tvkyorm;ta&; i,frsm;qkygu rdom;pktajctaeaMumifh jynfyEkiirsm;wGif a&TUajymif;vkyuif
                                                                              dk f                                         f                                       d                                                                     d f H                                              f kd     i,frsm;udk tvkyfcdkif;apygu tvkyf
                       S f                      S k kd
OD;a& wpfEpxufwpfEpf ydrrsm;jym; aqmif&Gufolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/ rdrdudk,fudk,f vdifydkif;qdkif&m a&mif; aeMuaomfvnf; rdom;pkpm;0wfae                                                                                                                                                                  cdkif;apaom tvkyf&Sifudk ta&;,l&
vmNyD; touft&G,ftm;jzifhvnf;                                                      ]]tvkyfvkyfaewJh uav;awG pm;rIvnf;&SdaeaMumif;? ppfjzpfae a&;twGuf raxmufyEiojzifh uav;                                                                                          hH dk f                           rnf[k jy|mef;xm;aomfvnf; tvkyf
ydki,fvmMuaMumif; uav;tvkyf tvkyvufrjhJ zpfom;&if ydq;dk oGm;r,f/ aoma'otrsm;pkwif uav;oli,f i,frsm;rSm ausmif;qufwufcGifhr&
                                                                                f                    G                 k                                                                   G                                                                                                         &Sifrsm;udk ta&;,ljcif;r&SdbJ uav;
orm;rsm;ta&; avhvmapmifhMunhf vlukeful;awG&JU om;aumifjzpfoGm; trsm;pkonf ynma&;udkpGefYcGmNyD; bJ vkyief;cGixoYdk a&muf&vm&onf/                                                                                                     f                f J                  dS                        i,frsm;udkom tvkyfxkwfaeMu
aeolrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                                             r,f/ 'grSr[kwf&if vrf;ab;a&muf tvkyfvkyfudkifae&aMumif; tvkyf &efukefNrdKUtygt0if NrdKUBuD;rsm;wGif                                                                                                                              aMumif;? uav;tvkyform;rsm;\
           odkYaomfvnf; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif oGm;r,f}} [k &wemharwåmtzGUJ Ouú| orm;ta&;rsm;udk aqmif&uowpfO; e,fNrdKUrsm;ESifh aus;vufa'orsm;rS                                                        G f l          D                                                                                 tcGifhta&;twGuf vkyfaqmifay;rI
uav;tvk y f o rm;ta&twG u f OD;jrifhaqGu oHk;oyfonf/                                                                                                   vnf;jzpfol a':abmuf*smu ppfjzpf uav;i,foef;csD 0ifa&mufvyuif                                                                      k f kd      rsm;vnf; r&Sdoavmufenf;yg;ae
rnfrQ&Sdonfudk EkdifiHawmftygt0if                                                 uav;tvk y f o rm;rsm;ud k aeaoma'orsm;\ vufawGUjyóem vsuf&SdMuonf/                                                                                                                                                 aMumif; ¤if;u uav;tvkyform;
rnfonfhtzGJUtpnf;urQ pm&if; toufrjynfí tvkyvyciywyif rsm;udk &Sif;jyonf/                     h                    f k f G hf d f                                                                                             uav;i,frsm;onf jrefrm                                                   rsm; BuHKawGUae&aom tcuftcJudk
aumufcHxm;jcif;r&Sdao;ay/                                           rnfhta&;xuf n§Of;yef;ESdyfpufjcif;                                                          jrefrmEkdifiHwGif uav;tvkyf EkdifiHtwGif;wGifomru tdrfeD;csif;                                                                       &Sif;jyonf/
           rdom;pk pD;yGm;a&;rajyvnfrI? rjyK&ef? t"r®rcki;ap&ef? tEÅ&m,f&dS orm;rsm;teuf taMumif;uHw&m; EkdifiHrsm;udk w&m;r0if oGm;a&muf
                                                                                                  d f                                                                                                                                                                                                             uav;oli,fwi;onf Oya'   kd f
tvkyftudkiftcGifhtvrf;enf;yg;rI? aomvkyfief;rsm;wGif rcdkif;ap&ef aumif ; aomuav;rsm;omvQif tvkyvyuiEe; wjznf;jznf; jrifh                                                                                                        f k f kd f I f                                                           hf                 d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ESitnD rdrqE´tavsmuf tvkyvyf                          f k
tvkyfvkyfudkifaeaom vlBuD;rsm;\ tvkyf&Sifrsm;udk ynmay;&rnfjzpf vufzuf&nfqkdifuJhodkY t&dyftrdk; wufvmNyDjzpfaMumif; jynfywGif oGm;                                                                                                                                                                          hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     cGi&NdS yD; ,if;uav;i,frsm; vkyief;                    f
                S
0ifaiGEihf rdom;pkpm;0wfaea&; rzlvkH aMumif;? vlukeful;rcH&ap&ef? tcGifh atmufwGif vkyfudkifcGifh&NyD; tcsKdU a&mufvkyfudkifolrsm;ESifh a&TUajymif;                                                                                                                                                  cG i f a b;tEÅ & m,f u if ; &S i f ; a&;ES i f h
ojzifh uav;oli,frsm;onf ausmif; ta&;jynhjf ynf00&&Sap&ef Ekiiawmf uav;i,frsm;qkygu touftEÅ&m,f tvkyorm;rsm;ta&; avhvmolrsm;
                                                                                                h           d                      dfH                                           d                                             f                                                                     &ydkifcGifhrsm; xdcdkufepfemqHk;½HI;rIr&Sd
ae&rnfht&G,fwGif pmoifausmif; taeESifh t&Sdeft[kefjr§ifhvkyfaqmif &Saom tvkytudirsm;wGif vkyuif udk ar;jref;csufrsm;t& od&Sd&onf/                       d                   f k f                            f kd                                                                                    a&;twGuf tvkyform;0efBuD;Xme
                      k G G
ynma&;udpeYf cmum rdom;pkpm;0wf ay;&rnfjzpfaMumif; uav;rsm;ta&; ae&onf/ tcsKdUuav;i,frsm;rSmrl                                                                                                                               Save the Children u jyKpkxm;                                            u Oya'ESifhtnD apmifha&Smufay;&
aea&;twGuf vkyfief;cGifxJudk ajcpHk udk aqmif&uaeolrsm;u wkuwGef; vlukeful;rI\om;aumifrsm;b0odkY aom uav;rsm;OD;aqmifyg0ifonfh
                                                                                        G f                                         d f                                                                                                                                                              rnfjzpfaMumif; uav;oli,fOya'
ypf0ifa&mufvmcJh&onf/                                               Muonf/                                                                             a&mufoGm;Mu&onf/                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     uGi;qif;avhvmrIrwwrf;wGif u&if              S f                                 wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
           ausmif;xGufEIef;rsm;vmonf                                              toufrjynfao;[k acgif;pOfh                                                     uav;tvkyform;rsm;onf jynfe,frS vli,fv&,rsm; xdi;EdiiH                                             lG f                  kf kf                     tpdk;&taeESifh uav;tvkyf
ESifhtrQ uav;tvkyform;rsm;vm wyfum vdiom,mNrdKUe,f pufrZef vufzuf&nfqkdif? pm;aomufqkdif? odkY a&TUajymif;tvkyfvkyfudkifaejcif;
                                                                                       I f                                                     I k                                                                                                                                                   orm;jyóemonf EdkifiH\tem*wf
rnfjzpfaMumif;? tcsKdUuav;i,frsm; tydi;(2)&Sd awmf0ifjrefrm Zmxk;yef;xk; puf½Hkvkyfief;? aqmufvkyfa&;? tdrf onf (a'otac: ]awmifay:oGm;
                                                                        kf                                                           d               d                                                                                                                                                                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     twGuf ajzqd&rnfypmwpfy'vnf;   h k ä             k f
rSm EkdifiH\pD;yGm;a&; edrfhusrItajc puf½rS uav;tvkyorm; 50 eD;yg; tul ponfvyief;rsm;wGif trsm;qH; w,f}) a'ocHvi,fv&,rsm;twGuf
                                                                           kH                                 f                                                         h kf                                      k                                       l            lG f                          jzpfonf/
taeaMumifh ynmoifcGifhr&&Sdolrsm; udk u½kPmaMu;ay;Ny;D ZlvivtwGi; 0ifa&mufvkyfudkifvsuf&SdNyD; aps; Asm'dwwpfcozG,jf zpfvmNyD; uav;
                                                                                                                             dk f                  f                                                                                   f            k                                                             jrefrmEdkifiHwGif uav;tvkyf
&SdouJhodkY tcsKdUuav;i,frsm;rSm u tvkyfrSxkwfy,fcJhonf/                                                                                               a&mif;? aumfaumuf (yvwfpwpf i,frsm;\ tajccHtusq; &ydkifcGifh                                                            kH                    orm; jrifhwufvmrIudk rajz&Sif;Edkif
ynmoifMum;&ef tcGifhtvrf;r&Sdí                                                                 f k f               h
                                                                                  ]]tvkyvyaewJuav;awGukd aumuf)aom uav;rsm;pGmvnf; jzpfaom ynmoifcGifhqdkonfrSmyif                                                                                                                                   ygu ],aeYvli,f aemif0,fvlBuD;}
ynmroifMum;Ekdifjcif;jzpfaMumif; tvkyfxkwfvkdufwmeJY jyóemrNyD; &SdNyD; vrf;ab;wGif awmif;&rf;pm; tBuD;rm;qHk; qkvmbfwpfckozG,f                                                                                                                                                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     wdi;jynf\tem*wfukd OD;aqmifrnfh
         kfD                                 dk
&efuep;yGm;a&;wuúovf abm*aA' oGm;bl;/ uav;awG tvkyfvkyf& aomufae&aom uav;OD;a&onf jzpfvmaMumif;? Save the Children                                                                                                                                                                                   olrsm;\ vlYpGrf;tm;t&if;tjrpfrsm;
Xme tNidrf;pm;ygarmu© a'gufwm atmifwGef;ydkYaewJhtaMumif;t&if; wjznf;jznf; ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmonf/ \ pDrcsufe,fajrrsm;jzpfaom u&if                                                                                                H                                                                     pGm qHk;½HI;awmhrnfjzpfonf/ tcsdefrD
armifarmifpdk;u ajymMum;onf/                                        awGudk&SmNyD; ajz&Sif;ay;&r,f}} [k vrf;ab;uav;i,ftcsKUd onf aumf jynfe,f? rGefjynfe,f? &Srf;jynfe,f                                                                                                                              ukpm;&rnfh a&m*gqd;k Bu;D wpfcjk zpfonf/
           ]]'gu MuufOeJY Muufr jyóem OD;jrihfaqGu oHk;oyfonf/                                                                                         tp&Sdaom rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm;udkoHk;pGJ wdkYESifh e,fpyfa'orsm;wGifvnf;                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ]]uav;tvkyorm;rsm;vmwm
vdkyJ/ b,f[mu t&ifjzpfwmvJqdk                                                                                        f
                                                                                  uav;rsm; tvkyvufrjhJ zpfyg wwfaeMuNyDjzpfonf/                                                                                      uav;i,frsm; rawmfrw&m;jyKusifh                                                                  k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     eJYtrQ EdiitwGuf xdcuepfemrIawG       kd f
                                f l
wm ajymzdYkrvG,b;/ qif;&JvYkd ynm u &mZ0wfrIrsm;vnf; ay:ayguf                                                                                                                d f H G
                                                                                                                                                                jrefrmEkiiwif rdbrsm; rapmifh cH&rI? tMurf;zufrrsm;ESihf vHavmuf                               I                    k                rsm;vmrSmyJ}} [k a':abmuf*smu
roifEkdifwmvm;? ynmroifEkdifvdkY vmrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u xyfrajym a&S m uf E k d i f a omuav;i,f r sm;ud k aomapmifha&SmufrIrsm;r&&SdbJ tcGifhH                                                                                                                                                       oHk;oyfonf/
qif;&Jwmvm; ajymzdkYcufw,f}} [k Mum;onf/                                                                                                                  k                                  h           h
                                                                                                                                                       tpd;&taejzifh tjynft0apmifa&Smuf ta&;rsm;csKd;azmufcHae&NyD; uav;                                                                                          ynmroifMum;EdkifbJ uav;
¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                      uav;tvk y f o rm;rsm;ud k Ekdifjcif;r&Sdao;ay/ NGO rsm;tae i,frsm;pGm tvkyvyuiae&aMumif;                                                                                  f k f kd f                               tvkyform;OD;a&rsm;vmvQif EdkifiH
           rlvwef;tqifh roifrae& av;em&Dom tvkyci;f ap&rnfqaomf ESifhvnf; apmifha&Smufaejcif;r&Sdao; azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                                                                       f dk                               kd
pepfjzpfí ausmif;0ifaMu;rsm; ukef vnf; vuf&wif uav;tvkyorm; ojzifh vuf&tajctaewGif vufzuf  dS G                                        f                                 dS                                                  ]]xdi;EdiitwGi;rSma&m xdi;-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             k f k f H                  f                      k f                                pmrsufESm-35 okdY
   34
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                             Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




        l l                           kd f H                             f
ygarmu©zu,m;rm; Lecture ESiUf jrefrmUEiia&;zGYH NzKd ;rItay: pma&;q&mausm0if;\tjrifrsm;
wifat;ausmfar;jref;onf
         wifbmv 23 &ufaeYu urÇmausmfEkdifiHa&;odyÜHynm&Sif? EkdifiHa&;abm*aA'ynm&Sifzlul,m;rm;u yxrqHk;tBudrftjzpf jrefrmEkdifiHodkYvma&mufí ]zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI} ESifhywfoufí
         a[majymaqG;aEG;oGm;cJhonf/ ygarmu©zlul,m;rm;u ¤if;\aemufqHk;xkwfpmtkyfjzpfaom 'The Origins of Political Order' pmtkyfyg zGHUNzdK;a&;rsufESmpmrsm;taMumif;udk t"duaqG;aEG;
oGm;onf/ q&mausmf0if;u tqkdygpmtkyfrStaMumif;t&mrsm;udkxkwfEkwfí Zefe0g&Dvxkwf The Waves r*¾Zif;wGif bmomjyefqkday;cJhNyD;jzpfonf/ q&mausmf0if;onf ygarmu©zlul,m;rm;\
]orkdif;\ed*Hk;}pmwrf;rStp 'The Origins of Political Order' pmtkyftqHk; zlul,m;rm;\ tawG;tac:t,ltqrsm;udk jrefrmpmzwfy&dowf (txl;ojzifh vli,fpmzwfy&dowf)udk odap
Mum;apcJholvnf;jzpfonf/ odkYjzpfí ygarmu©zlul,m;rm;\a[majymcsuftay:tajccHí jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;zGHUNzdK;rIrsufESmpmtaMumif; q&mausmf0if;\oabmxm;tjrifrsm;udk azmfjyvdkufygonf/
Voice :                           S
                zGUH NzdK;a&;rsufEmpm ajcmuf                              f
                                                  ygarmu©u (uReawmfrwroavmuf)    S fd                 awmifudk&D;,m;&JU tm;om
        dS
&yf&wmeJYywfoufNyD;awmh ygarmu©                   oHk;cgxufrenf; owday;ygw,f/                 csufu uGefzsL;&Syf,Ofaus;rI? 'g&JU
zlul,m;rm;u awmifudk&D;,m; yHkpH                  ]]udk,fhrSm&SdwJh tajctaeudkrlwnfNyD;       tusKd ; quf a Mumif h Meritocracy
              f
pojzifh &Si;vif;ajymMum;oGm;ygw,f/                r[mAsL[mcs&r,f}}qdkwm 'gudkajym                 d                      h l
                                                                                              (rdreYJ taMumif;taygif;oifoxuf?
     D S
tJ'rm y&dowfwpfa,muf&UJ ar;cGe;            f                      f         d kd
                                                  wmyg/ uReawmfwYkwi;f jynf&UJ Reality        t&nftcsif;&Sdoludk ajr§mufpm;jcif;)
u jrefrmEdkifiH&JUzGHUNzdK;a&;yHkpHu b,f          u p&rSmaygh/                                &Sdw,f/ 'Dawmh State Building tm;
[mjzpfrvJqdkNyD; ar;oGm;ygw,f/                                          l
                                                  Voice : zlu,m;rm;ajymwJtxJrm        h   S   aumif;w,f/ 'gaMumifh State Build-
      l
zlu,m;rm;jyefajzwmuawmh ]]jrefrm                                    f S
                                                  zGUH NzdK;a&;rsuEmpmajcmuf&yfrm wpfck S     ing u p&wm/
           D                    S
[m tJ'zUHG NzdK;a&;rsufEmpmajcmuf&yf              &JUtm;aumif;csufu wjcm;wpfckudk                     State Building tm;aumif;rIeJY
rSm b,ftajctaerSm&SdaeovJqdk                      taxmuftyHhjzpfapovdk tm;enf;                aps;uGufaygif;rdawmh Economic
wm qef;ppf&rSmjzpfw,f/ zGHUNzdK;qJ                atmif vkyfaewmrsKd;vnf;&Sdw,fvdkY           Growth &vmw,f/ (jrm; 1) ajrmuf
EdkifiHawGtaeeJYu tJ'DrsufESmpm                   qdkygw,fq&m/ olOyrmay;wmu                   udk&D;,m;rSmawmh aps;uGufr&SdvdkY 'g
ajcmuf&yfeJYywfoufNyD; udk,fhrSm&SdwJh            awmh tckvpfAsm;wdkY? tD*spfwdkYrSmjzpf      jzpfrvmbl;/ olY&JUtusKd;quf ynm
tajctaeudkrlwnfNyD;awmh r[m
AsL[mcsrSwf&r,f}} qdkNyD; ajzoGm;yg
w,f q&m/ q&mhtaeeJY jrefrmEdkifiH
eJYywfouf&if b,fzGHUNzdK;a&;rsufESm
pmudktajccHNyD; r[mAsL[mcsrSwf
oifhw,fvdkY xifygovJ/
UKW : zG H U Nzd K ;a&;rsuf E S m pmud k
                           S f
ajcmuf&yfowfrwvYkd&ovdk av;&yf
vdkYvnf; ajymEdkifygw,f/ Political
Development udk Institution oHk;&yf
xyfcGJ&if rsufESmpmajcmuf&yfjzpfrSm
aygh/ 'DyHkeJYqufpyfMunfhapcsifw,f/
ygarmu©zlul,m;rm;&JU Lecture rSm
ygwJh Slide wpfckyg/
(yHk 1 udkMunfh&ef)


                                                                                                        h
                                                                                              a&;jrifvm&mu Social Mobilization              xifw,f/                                        tJ'Dvdkynma&;rsKd;jzpfvmatmifudk
                                                                                              tm;aumif;vmw,f (jrm; 2) (wdefY                           uRefawmfwdkYtm;enf;csufudk                    kd k f     kd
                                                                                                                                                                                           b,fvvyrvJqwmu jyóemvdYk
                                                                                              acwfaemufydkif; w½kwfjynfvnf;                 vnf; ygarmu©u axmufjyygw,f/                    xif y gw,f q &m/ tJ ' gud k v nf ;
                                                                                              'Dtwdkif;yJ)                                  Social Capital tm;enf ; wmyg/                  q&mhtjrifodyg&ap/
                                                                                                        Social Mobilization &,f Civil       'gaMumifh tpdk;&eJY vlxkMum;rSma&m?            UKW : uRefawmfwdkYtaeeJY vrf;
                                                                                              Society &,faygif;rdawmh Democracy             'Drdku&ufwpftiftm;pkawGMum;rSm                 aMumif;ESpfckvHk;eJYwpfNydKifeufoGm;rS
                                                                                              OD;wnfvmw,f/ (jrm; 3)? Civil                  a&m Trust aysmufaewm/ tusKd;                   &r,fxifw,f/
                                                                                              Society udk csKyfxm;wJhw½kwfrSm 'g                         k f
                                                                                                                                            qufu ]*dP;*P0g'} (Factionalism)                         yxrvrf ; aMumif ; rS m tck
                                                                                              jzpfrvmbl;/ 'Dawmh w½kwftpdk;&&JU             EdkifiHa&;zGHUNzdK;rIudk 'ku©ay;Edkifw,f/      avmavmq,fvdkaewmu omref
                                                                                              Legitimacy [m Economic Growth                 Voice : aemufwpfcku xda&muf                    vlxktwGuf xifomjrifomtusKd;
  yHktnTef;                                                                                   uyJ&w,f/ (jrm; 5)/ Democracy                  aom? pGrf;aqmif&nf jynfh0aom                   aus;Zl ; awG jref j ref q ef q ef & zd k Y
        Economic Growth                 -      pD;yGm;a&;wkd;wufrI                                                      d
                                                                                              ur&bl;/ (jrm; 4 r&S) awmifu&;,m;     kd D     tpdk;&wpfckjzpfzdkYqdk&if enf;vrf;             (Quick Win) /
        Social Mobilization             -      vlrIa&;Ekd;Mum;vIyf&Sm;vmrI                    rSmawmh 4 a&m 5 a&m &Sdw,f/ De-               ESpfckeJY vkyfvdkY&w,fvdkY oluqdkyg                     'kwd,vrf;aMumif;twGufu
        Ideas/Legitimacy                -      tawG;tjrifrsm;^w&m;enf;vrf;usrI                mocracy r&Sdawmh w½kwfrSm Rule of             w,f/ wpfenf;u pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif                awmh ynma&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrI/ 'g
        Political Development           -      EkdifiHa&;zGHUNzdK;rI                          the Law vnf; tm;raumif;bl;/                   awG&UJ vrf;aMumif;aygh/ vlwpfO;csi;     D f    uawmh tcsdef,l&r,f/ avmavm
        State Building                  -      EkdifiHwnfaqmufa&;                             (jrm; 7 r&Sd)/ tJ'D jrm;&SdwJh awmif          &JU pD;yGm;a&;rufvHk;awG zefwD;ay;             q,f uRefawmfwdkYvkyfEdkifwmu 'Drdk
        Rule of Law                     -      w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;rI                             udk&D;,m;rSm Economic Growth eJY              wJh (Individual Economic Incen-                u&ufwpfEdkifiHa&;pmay ysHUESHYatmif
        Democracy                       -      'Drdkua&pD                                     Rule of the Law tjyeftvSeftm;jyK              tive) enf;eJYaygh/ aemufvrf;aMumif;            vkyfzdkY/ 'Dudpö pma&;q&mawGrSma&m?
                                                                                              EdkifvdkY pD;yGm;a&;ydkif;cdkifw,f (jrm; 6)   wpfckuawmh Sociologist vlrIaA'                                    S
                                                                                                                                                                                           *sme,fvpfawGrmyg wm0ef&r,fxif dS
                                                                                              w½kwfrSmawmh Economic Growth                  ynm&SifawGajymwJh vrf;aMumif;yg                w,f/ 'Dae&mrSm rD'D,mu wm0ef
      jrefrmEdkifiH&JU tm;aumif;csuf              cJhwJh tm&yfaEGOD; awmfvSefa&;[m            uvmwJh Rule of Law yJ&Sdw,f/                  q&m/ olwdkYuawmh pD;yGm;a&;ynm                 ESpfck&Sdw,fvdkYxifygw,f/ wpfcku
u Social Mobilization vdkY ygarmu©                'Drdkua&pDtpdk;&udk rjzpfapbJ rGwf          Democracy uvmwJh Rule of Law                      f
                                                                                                                                            &SiawGeYJrwlbJ vluavhusioifMum;
                                                                                                                                                                      kd     hf                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                           c&mwkwwhJ (Whistle-blower) wm0ef
u ajymygw,f/ uRefawmfhrsufpdxJ                    qvifnDtpfudkrsm;tzGJUvdk tpövmrf            r&Sdbl;/ odyftm;raumif;bl;aygh/                        h
                                                                                                                                            ay;wJenf;aygh/ t"duuawmh aumif;                yg/ tpdk;&pwJh tzGJUtpnf;awG&JU
awmh tpOftvmBuD;wJh ausmif;om;                    rpfawGyJ tmPm&vmwm awGUw,f                  (yHk 3 udkMunfh&ef)                           rG e f a om tpd k ; &wpf & yf j zpf a tmif     tm;enf;csufawGudk axmufjywJh
vIyf&Sm;rIawG ajy;jrifvdkufw,f/                   qdkNyD; ajymoGm;ygw,fq&m/ 'Dudpö                      uRefawmfwdkY tm;aumif;csuf          ynma&;pepfeJY avhusihfay;r,faygh/              wm0ef/ jrefrmjynfrSmawmh 'Dudpudk  ö
jrefrmEdkifiH&JU ta&;BuD;wJhtajymif;              udkvnf; q&mhtaeeJY aqG;aEG;ay;              [m Social Mobilization vdYk ygarmu©                       D f
                                                                                                                                            vlwpfO;csi;&JU pD;yGm;a&;rufv;xuf    kH        vkyoavmuf vkyaeMuw,fvYkdxif
                                                                                                                                                                                                f                  f
tvJwi;rSm ausmif;om;vIy&m;rIu
        kd f                  f S                 ygOD;/                                      u rSwfcsufjyKayr,fh 'Drdku&ufwpf              jynfolYwm0efawGudk odem;vnfrI                  w,f/ aemufwm0efwpfckjzpfwJh 'Drdk
pwmrdkYvm; .../                                   UKW : 'Dar;cGef;udk ajzzdkYtwGuf            tdkif'D,mawG vTrf;rdk;zdkYawmh vdkr,f         wdkY? (tusifhpm&dwå? wm0ef ponf                u&ufwpf tawG;tjrifawG ysHUESHYap
                      f S
      zGUH NzdK;a&;rsuEmpmawG&UJ tjyef            ygarmu©&JU Lecture rSmygwJh 'DyHkav;        xifw,f/ r[kwf&if &,f'Du,f                     tay:) *kPf,lwwfrIpwJh pdwfrsKd;                a&;wm0ef Educator wm0efaygh/
tvSef aus;Zl;jyKrIyHkpH[m wpfEdkifiHeJY           udk ñTef;csifw,f/ awmifudk&D;,m;                k f D
                                                                                              tdi',mawG tay:pD;&vmNyD; tm&yf                jzpfvmatmif EdI;qGwJhenf;vrf;awG               'Dtydkif;rSmawmh 'DrSmtm;enf;ae
wpfEdkifiH xyfwlrusEdkifbl;vdkYvnf;               rdk',fyg/ (yHk 2 udkMunfh&ef)               EdkifiHwcsKdUvdk jzpfoGm;Edkifp&m&Sdr,f       ayghq&m/ uRefawmfwdkYqDrSmusawmh               ao;w,fvdkY xifygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         35
  Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                The




]vli,fxk[m txnfcsKyfvkyfief;vdkrsdK; vltm;rsm;rsm;okH;&r,fU p&dwfenf;ukefxkwfvkyfief;
e,fy,fawGrSm jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf tvG,fwulqGwf,lpm;okH;Ekdifr,fUtoD;awG jzpfvmvdrfUr,f}
tm&SzGHY NzdK;a&;bPf vufaxmufpD;yGm;a&;ynm&SifcsKyfESifUawGYqkHjcif;
aZ,sol
           &SzGHYNzdK;a&;bPf\ jrefrmEkdifiHqdkif&mtpD&ifcHpm (Myanmar in Transition: Opportunities and Challenges) udk xkwfa0jzefYcsdonfhtxdrf;trSwftwGuf jrefrmEkdifiHokdYa&muf&Sdaeonfh
           tpD&ifcHpmjyKpkol tm&SzGHYjzdK;a&;bPfvufaxmuf pD;yGm;a&;ynm&SifcsKyf Cyn Young Park ? jrefrmEkdifiHqkdif&m tm&SzGHUNzdK;a&;bPf½kH;\ tBuD;tuJ Putu Kamayana wdkYESifh The Voice
Weekly     wdkY oD;oefYawGYqkHjyD; jrefrmEkdifiH\tem*wftvm;tvmudk ar;jref;cGifh&&SdcJhonf/ ar;cGef;trsm;pkudk Cyn Young Park u ajzMum;NyD; Putu Kamayana u jznfhpGufajzMum;cJhonf/
,cifwpfywfrStquf                                                                                                                        t&nftaoG;odyfrvdkwJh vltiftm;                 ulnDygvdrfhr,f/ tpdk;&[m jyKjyif
                                                                                                                                        rsm;rsm;okH;&wJhvkyfief;awG (labor-           ajymif;vJa&; vrf;aMumif;ay:rSm
Voice : 2030a&muf&if wdkif;jynf                                                                                                         intensive industries) [m jrefrm               qufavQmufzYkd vygw,f/ tultnD dk
0ifaiG GDP a':vm 3000 a&muf                                                                                                             EkdifiHrSm olrsm;awGxufomwJh tm;              vnf; olwkdYvkdw,f/ tm;vkH;quf
Ekdifw,fvdkY tckxGufwJh tm&SzGHYNzdK;                                                                                                   omcsuf (comparative advantage)                jzpfaer,fvdkY uRefawmfvufawGU
a&;bPf tpD&ifcHpmu azmfjyw,f/                                                                                                           &Sdw,f/ labor-intensive industries            usus taumif;jrifygw,f/
jrefrmEkdifiHuawmh okH;ESpftwGif;                                                                                                       awG[m jrefrmEkdifiHwGif;rSm rsm;jym;                        (vufaxmuf pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif
wdkif;jynf0ifaiG okH;qwufNyD; 2015                                                                                                                                  kd
                                                                                                                                        aewJh vli,ftiftm;pkuvnf; tvkyf                csKyftajz) 'g[mvnf; tvm;tvm
rSm a':vm 3000 avmufa&mufr,f                                                                                                            tud k i f trsm;BuD ; ay;Ek d i f w ,f /       &JU wpfpdwfwpfydkif;yJ (&,fvsuf)/
vdkY &nfrSef;xm;w,f/ bmvdkY'DvdkrsdK;                                                                                                   'Dawmh EkdifiHhpD;yGm;a&;rSm vli,f                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                      vli,fx[m ynmawGaumif;aumif;
uGm[ae&wmvJ/                                                                                                                            tiftm;pk&UJ ta&;ygrI&,f? tar&du               oifr,f/ oifwef;awGwufMur,f
ADB : (jrefrmEkdifiHqdkif&m tm&S
                                                                                        Putu Kamayana
                                                                                                                                                         k f
                                                                                                                                        u jrefrmhyYkd ueawGukd qufvufywf         d    qdk&if 'Dvli,fxk[m txnfcsKyf
                                                             Cyn Young Park
zGHYNzdK;a&;bPf tBuD;tuJuajzqdk                                                                                                         yifxm;wm&,ftay:rSm b,fvrSwf         rS
                                                                                                                                                                            dk        vkyfief;vdkrsdK; vltm;rsm;rsm;okH;&
onf) &nfrSef;csufyef;wkdifqdkwm                                                                                                         csuay;csiygvJ/ a':atmifqef;pkMunf
                                                                                                                                                f    f                           nf   r,fh p&dwfenf; ukefxkwfvkyfief;
ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ 'gayrJt'yef;wdifh J D     k   t&ifu xdkif;? tif'dkeD;&Sm;/ aemuf         xm;wJh jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;awG aemuf             uvnf; a&G;aumufyrwdirD rJq,f
                                                                                                                                                                JG k f         G      e,fy,fawGrSm jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf
     k
uda&mufatmif b,fvom;EkiovJ   kd G d f        awmh w½kw?f AD,uferf? uarÇm'D;,m;/         ususefaecJh&if pGrf;aqmifoifhwm                 vIyf&Sm;&mrSm tvkyftudkiftcGifh               tvG,fwul qGwf,lpm;okH;Ekdifr,fh
                        kd
avhvmqef;ppfzYkd vygw,f/ vlwi;        kd f   olwkdYawGu 6 &mcdkifEIef;uae 10            xuf avsmhaewmrsdK;vnf; jzpfEkdif                tvrf;awG wdk;jr§ifhay:aygufa&;udk             toD;awG jzpfvmvdrfhr,f/ vuf&Sd
vlwi;f udk wuf<uyg0ifatmifac:aqmif
         kd                                        k f I f           k
                                             &mcdiEe;tMum; wd;wufcMhJ uw,f/             ajctrsm;BuD; &Sdw,f/ 'Dawmh udef;               t"duxm;ajymMum;cJhao;w,f/                     vlYpr;tm;tajctaeeJYq&if 'Dvtm;
                                                                                                                                                                                            Gf                        dk        l
EkdifzdkYvdkygw,f/ pD;yGm;a&;qdkif&m         wcsKdUEkdifiHawGu wdk;wufEIef;ydkjrifh     *Pef;ESpfck uGmaewmu tem*wf                     ADB : (jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m tm&S              rsm;rsm;okH;&wJh vkyfief;e,fy,fawG
tao;pdwfudkawmh uRrf;usifoluyJ               w,f/ w½kwfqdk *Pef;ESpfvkH; (10            jzpfEkdifajcawG wGuf&mrSm tpdk;&u               zGHYNzdK;a&;bPftBuD;tuJajz) ta&;              [m obm0o,HZmwxkwf,la&;
qufajzygvdrfhr,f/ (&,fvsuf)                  &mcdkifEIef;ESifh txuf)EIef;eJY tcsdef     tjrifhqkH;jzpfEkdifajcudkwGufxm;wm              ,lydwfqdkYrIawG qufavQmhcsr,fvdkY             vkyfief;awGudk ausmfvGefNyD; 0ifudk
            (vufaxmuf pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif      awmfawmfMumwdk;wufw,f/ uarÇm               jzpfEkdifwmaygh/                                arQmfvifhaeolawG wjcm;EkdifiHawGrSm           0ifa&muf&r,fh e,fy,fawGjzpfw,f/
csKyfu ajzqkdonf)uRefroabmwl                                        d dk
                                             'D;,m;? AD,uferfwYkqvnf; tifrwef           Voice : vli,fawGtaMumif; ajz                    trsm;MuD;&Sdygw,f/ 'DrSmazmfaqmif                        kd
                                                                                                                                                                                      BudKq&r,fh vkyief;e,fy,fyg/ tpk;&
                                                                                                                                                                                                            f                     d
ygw,f/ EkdifiawGrSm jrifhrm;wJh &nf
                   H                         av;pm;avmufwJh 7-8 &mcdkifEIef;eJY                                 f
                                                                                        xm;wmav;u pdw0ifpm;p&maumif;                    aewJh jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;awGtay:              [m jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;awG quf
rSe;csufawGxm;&SzYkd vw,f/ 'grSom
       f               d kd                      k           hJ
                                             wd;wufcw,f/ tvm;tvmaumif;                  vdkY tJ'Dbufudk jyefvSnfhyg&ap/                 EkdifiHwumyhHydk;rIawG ydkNyD;wkd;vmr,f            f
                                                                                                                                                                                      vkyaer,f? Ediiwumtodi;t0ef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         k f H              k f
EkdifiHom;awG pdwf"mwfwuf<uvm                awG&SdwJh jrefrmEkdifiH[mvnf; tpdk;&       tpD&ifcHpmrSmvnf; xifxif&Sm;&Sm;                vdkY uRefawmfwkdY arQmfvnf; arQmfvifh         &JU ,kHMunfrIudk ydk&vmr,fqdk&if
NyD; tJ'Dyef;wdkifudk vufwGJcsDwufEdkif      uom oGm;r,fvYkdajymxm;wJtwdi;   h k f      nTefjyxm;w,f/ tar&duu olY&JU                    w,f? xifvnf;xifw,f/ aemuf                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                      tcsdewefwmeYJ ta&;,lywqYkd rawG    d f I
Muvdrfhr,f/ uRefrckeuajymcJhovdk             qufoGm;r,fqdk&if tajccHcefYrSef;           pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;awGudk jrefrmEkdifiH          xyf aemufxyf jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;                  f d f               hf
                                                                                                                                                                                      ½kyor;oGm;vdrr,fvYdk xifygw,f/
                 H         f
yJ 'DtpD&ifcpmu ude;*Pef;awG[m               csuftwdkif; tomav;wdk;wufEkdif             wG i f ; pD ; yG m ;a&;vk y f i ef ; e,f y ,f   awG xyfvmOD;r,fvdkY arQmfvifhcsuf             ta&;,lydwfqdkYrIawG ½kyfodrf;oGm;
a[mudef;r[kwfygbl;/ EdkifiHawG[m             w,f/ tJ'DvdkrsdK;omqdk&if 7-8              tm;vkH;rSm vkyfaqmif&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHzdkY       awGvnf; trsm;BuD;ydkwdk;vmw,f/                wmeJY jrefrmEkdifiH[m ukefxkwfvkyfrI
cef Y rS e f ; xm;wmxuf trsm;BuD ;           &mcdkifEIef;tMum; wdk;wufr,fqdkwJh         cGifhjyKvdkufygNyD/ 'gayrJhwpfzufrSm            jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;awGudk tpkd;&u             awG wdk;wufvmNyD; a'owGif;ukef
trsm;BuD; ydkwdk;wufEkdifygw,f/                     f
                                             uRerwdYk &UJ cefYrSef;csufu avQmhavQmh     usawmh jrefrmEkdifiHu vmr,fhoGif;               qufvufazmfaqmifEdkifzdkYtwGuf                        f kf
                                                                                                                                                                                      xkwvya&; uGe&ufawGwi;tvG,f f         Gf
uRefrwdkYtpD&ifcHpmrSm wifjyxm;wJh           ayghaygh wGufxm;ovdkrsdK;awmif             ukefawGudk ydwfyifxm;wkef;yJ/ tar               EkdifiHwumu yHhydk;ulnDzdkY ta&;BuD;          wul 0ifa&mufyl;aygif;Ekdifvdrfhr,f/
udef;*Pef;awGu teD;pyfqkH;jzpfEkdif          jzpfoGm;vdrfhr,f/ 'gawG[m uRefr            &duefjynfaxmifpkwGif;udk jrefrmu                ygw,f/ tpdk;&udkulnDzdkY vdkygw,f?            w½kwfEkdifiH[m urÇmhukefxkwfvkyf
ajcudk azmfjyxm;wmyg/ 'Dudef;                wdkY&JU udef;*Pef;awGtaMumif;yg/           ydkYEkdifwJhoGif;ukefawGrSm tvm;tvm             'grSom tpdk;&u jyKjyifajymif;vJ               a&;avSum;rSm wpfqifhjyD;wpfqifh
*Pef;awG[m a'owGif;u zGHUNzdK;               [kwfygw,f/ jrefrmu uRefrwdkY               taumif;qkH;u txnfcsKyfvkyfief;                  a&;awGudk qufvkyfEkdifrSm jzpfw,f/            wufoGm;vdkY vpf[moGm;wJhuGuf
wdk;wufaewJh EkdifiHawG jrifhrm;wJh          teD;pyfqkH; cefYrSef;csufxufydkNyD;        yg/ ydkYukefrydwfqkdYrDu txnfcsKyf                             k
                                                                                                                                        'gaMumifh tpd;&udk qufunwm[m   l D                     S
                                                                                                                                                                                      vyfrm aemufwufawGjzpfwhJ jrefrm?
EIef;eJY zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufcJhcsdefu tajc                    dk f
                                             wd;k wufEiw,f/ 'DxufyNkd y;D pGr;f aqmif           f                 d f H S
                                                                                        vkyief;awG jrefrmEkiirmtm;aumif;                jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;vkyf&mrSm a&SU             uarÇm'D;,m;? AD,uferfwdkYu 0if,l
taeawGudk tajccHwGufcsufxm;                  Ekdifr,fvdkYvnf; arQmfvifhygw,f/           cJ h N yD ; tar&d u ef j ynf a xmif p k u d k   a&mufvmatmif axmufyHhwmyJ/ 'g                 Muvdrfhr,f/ 'gaMumifh uRefr a&SUu
wmyg/ a'owGif;rSma&SUwef;a&muf               'gayrJh tJh'DvdkrsdK;wkd;wufatmif          tawmfav;wifydkYEkdifcJhw,f/ ydwf                awG[m urÇmt&yf&yfu yk*¾dKvfawG                ajymcJhovdkyJ jrefrmEkdifiH&JU tvm;
aewJh EkdifiHawG&JU tapmydkif;ESpfawG        rpGrf;aqmifEkdifwmrsdK;vnf; jzpfEkdif      qkdYrIvnf;ay:a&m 'Dvkyfief;awGxd                taeeJY tpdk;&udkulnDzdkY 'DtcsdefrSm          tvm[m odyfaumif;ygw,f/
udk ppfwrf;aumufxm;ovdkygyJ/                 ao;wmyJ/ jrefrmtpd;&u uwday;k              a&m/ txnfcsKyfvkyfief;tygt0if                   vkdw,fqdkwJh tajctaerSefudk jrifzdkY                                                aZ,sol

pmrsufESm-33 acgif;avmif;oHESifha0;oGm;aom tem*wfrsKd;qufopfwdkY\ pdefac:oH rStquf
                kd
tem*wfuacgif;aqmifEirnforsm;  kd f h l              f
                                             tvkyorm;rsm;twGuf toufarG;0rf;             vkyaqmif&efvtyfaMumif;? qif;&JrI
                                                                                             f            kd                            aqmif EdkifrSomvQif uav;tvkyf                 qufwufcGifh&cJhygu ,cktcsdefwGif
enf;yg;vmrnfjzpfNyD; aemufvursm;     kd f    ausmif;ynma&;pepf wpfckxm;&SdNyD;          avQmhcsa&;udkomru todynmay;                     orm;jyóemtygt0if qif;&JrI                     ck e pf w ef ; a&muf a eNyD j zpf a Mumif ;
om rsm;vmrnfjzpfaMumif; MHR vlY              ,if;pepfudk tqifhrsm;owfrSwfay;                                             f
                                                                                        rIrsm;ESifh bufaygif;pHkrS ajz&Si;ay;&ef                           h         kf
                                                                                                                                        jyóemrsm; avsmenf;vmEdirnfjzpf                armifNidrf;csrf;uqdkonf/ {&m0wD
pGrf;tm;t&if;tjrpfoifwef;ausmif;             um toufarG;0rf;ausmif;ynma&;                  k
                                                                                        vdtyfaMumif; uav;oli,frsm;ta&;                  aMumif; a'gufwmarmifarmifpdk;u                   k f
                                                                                                                                                                                      wdi;a'oBuD; yef;waemfNrdKUe,fZmwd
ausmif;tkyf OD;at;ausmfuqdkonf/              rS twef;pmynma&;udk ul;ajymif;             udk aqmif&Gufaeolrsm;u tBuHjyK                  axmufjya0zefonf/                              jzpfol ¤if;onf vlysKdt&G,fa&muf
                     f
        uav;tvkyorm;rsm;\b0udk               oif,lEdkifaomenf;vrf; (vuf&Sd              onf/                                                     kfH
                                                                                                                                               Ediiawmftaejzifh uav;tvkyf             vmvQif e,fjyefítvkyfvkyfrnf
a&S;½IaomtaeESifh tvkyfvkyf&if;              ,lauwGif usifhoHk;aeNyD; &mEIef;jynfh             EdkifiHawmftpdk;&\ pD;yGm;a&;            orm;jyóemonf qif;&JrIyaysmuf                  jzpfNyD; rdbudkauR;arG;apmifha&Smuf
         l kd f
oif,Eionfh pufr?I vufrtouf         I                                hf
                                             atmifjrifaeonf)ESivnf; taumif              rl0g'rsm;onf Macro Economic udk                 a&;qdkonfh jyóemudkajz&Sif;&ef                           k f          k
                                                                                                                                                                                      rnf[k cdirmaomqH;jzwfcsufcsxm;
arG;0rf;ausmif; &ufwdkoifwef;rsm;                                 f h
                                             txnfazmf ajz&Si;oifaMumif; MHR                             h
                                                                                        taxmuftyHrjzpfapbJ Micro Eco-                        f
                                                                                                                                        uGi;quf (Chain) wpfckjzpfaMumif;?             oljzpfonf/
udk EdkifiHawmf odkYr[kwf NGO rsm;u          ausmif;tkyf OD;at;ausmfu tBuHjyK           nomic udkom taxmuftyHhjzpfae                    ,if;uGif;qufudk rajz&Sif;Edkifygu                     ]]taz yifyef;aewmudk rMunfh
tcrJhzGifhvSpfoifMum;ay;Edkifrnfqdk          onf/                                       aomaMumifh ,if;odkYjyóemrsm;                      kf H         I H
                                                                                                                                        Edii\ qif;&Jroo&mxJrS ½ke;xGuf  f             &ufvdkY tvkyfvkyfNyD; rdom;pkudk
                       f
vQif atmufajctvkyorm;rsm;tjzpf                        uav;tvkyform;rsm;ta&;             ay:aygufae&jcif;jzpfaMumif;? vl                 Edirnfr[kwaMumif; ¤if;u xyfro;
                                                                                                                                          kf         f                    H kH        ulnDaewmyg}} [k armifNidrf;csrf;u
wpfoufvHk; t½dk;xkwf&rnfhb0rS                           f kf kfH
                                             udk ajz&Si;Edi&ef Ediiawmfu taumif         enf;pkudk udk,fpm;rjyKbJ wpfEdkifiH             oyfonf/                                       tvkyfvkyf&jcif;udk auseyfaeaom
   f         f k f
½ke;xGuvmEdirnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;             txnfazmfaeaom qif;&JrIavQmhcs              vHk;udk udk,fpm;jyKaom pD;yGm;a&;                      twef;pmynma&;ESifh a0;uGm              avoHjzifh ajymqkdonf/
                         kd f
tjyif twef;pmroifEiaom uav;                           f                d f
                                             a&;vkyief;pOfrsm;udk t&Set[kejf r§ihf      rl0g'rsm;udk taumiftxnfazmf                                S         f
                                                                                                                                        vmonfrm av;ESp&NdS yDjzpfNyD; ausmif;                                   atmifjrifhxGef;
      36
    The
          VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




awmukd,lum awmifudkNzdK ajrudkodrf;rnfUZmwfodrf;cef;
ukdouf (rkH&Gm)
                    wGif;jrpfqdyfurf;NrdKUawmfrHk&GmNrdKU\ aeomaom Mo*kwfv&ufwpf&uf/ aeyl'PfcHEkdif&ef carmufaqmif;xm;onfh ndKarmif;aomtom;ta&&Sdol touf 26 ESpf0ef;usif trsKd;orD;ESpfOD;
                                                                                                                                                  d
                    tjzLa&mifwD&Syfqifwl0wfqifNyD; rHk&GmNrdKU\t"duvrf;rBuD;wpfckjzpfaom ausmuúmvrf;rBuD;ay:&Sdaetdrfrsm;odkY wpftdrfwufqif;rarmEkifryef;Ekdif vufurf;pm&Gufrsm;vkdufvHa0iSvsuf
&Sdonf/
                   S f
             wD&ytusÐ\ aemufausmwGif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aqmufxm;onfh &Gmopfrsm;udk awGU&
]awmifuwHk;udkMunhf awmjyKef;wm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         onf/ tcsKdU&GmopfwGif ajymif;a&TU
odvdrfhr,f/ opfawmaysmufwmjyef                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          aexkdifaeMuNyD; vuf&Sdtcsdefxd &Gm
aygufayr,fh awmifaysmuf&ifawmh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a[mif;ü aexkdifolrsm;vnf;&Sdao;
jyefra&mufEkdifbl;/ rkefwkdif;'Pfudk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    onf/
                           h
ausmay;cHr,fawmif? ajrvdi;'Pfudk                                I f                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ,cifuwpf&mxJtwlaexkichJ G               d f
           k             h
xrf;yd;xm;wJawmif? 'DawmifuwH;udk                                           k                                                                                                                                                                                                           olrsm;rSm vuf&SdtcsdefwGif oma&;?
                               kd
xyfjzKef;r,fq&ifawmh rawG;&Jp&m?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ö d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ema&;udprsm;&SvQifyif zdwMf um;jcif;
'gaMumifh awmifaysmufr,fhta&;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           r&SdawmhbJ vrf;awGUvQifyifrac:
tukef (&yf)} qdkonfhuAsmav;tm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rajymbJaeMuum &GmopfodkYajymif;
  d f dS f
½kuEyxm;onf/ trsK;orD;wpfO;u                      d                       D                                                                                                                                                                                                             a&TUolESifh &Gma[mif;wGifaexdkifolwdkY
pm&Gufrsm;vdkufa0aecsdefwGif usef                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Mum;wGif wif;rmrIrsm;vnf;&SdaeNyD
trsKd;orD;wpfOD;rSm a&oefYbl;ESifh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      jzpfonf/ awmifolrsm;\ epfemrI
             f
pm&GutxyfvuBf uD;tm;udiaqmif      dk                              k f                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rsm;udk pm;yGJ0kdif;ay:wGif epfemolrsm;
xm;onf/ tdrf&Sifrsm;uvnf; a0iS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tygt0if yg0ifoifotm;vH;rsuEm  h l            k f S
onhfpm&Gufrsm;ukd vdkvdkvm;vm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k D          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pHnajz&Si;rSomvQif nDnwauseyf           G f
vufcH&,laeMuonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                      "mwfykH - ukdouf (rkH&Gm)                         aom tajzwpf&yf&Ekdifygonfqdk
                       f
             pm&Gursm;udvua0aeolrsm;    k dk f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          onfh qHk;jzwfcsufudk Mo*kwfv 10
rSm csif;wGif;jrpftaemufbufurf;&Sd                                              tcuftcJjzpfaeaMumif;ESihf ajrtoH;                    k                  k
                                                                                                                                         BuD;tpd;&tzGUJ onfvnf; ¤if;wdYkbuf                                                                            kd G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ,rm;acsmif;xJupeYf ypfwhJ a&ajrmif;                           &ufaeYwGif 88 ausmif;om;rsm;\
vufyef;awmif;awmifaMu;eDprue;                                         D H d f   csrI rl0g'ESihf ajrtoH;csrIprcefYca&;
                                                                                                               k          D H JG                          d
                                                                                                                                         wGif r&SaMumif;? wki;a'oBuD;0efBuD;     d f                                      &Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYtJ'DtxJrSm ig;                            a&SUü &Gmaygif; 26 &GmrS wlnDaom
aMumifh v,f,majrrsm;odrf;,lcHcJh&                                               wkdYudk pepfwuspDrHaqmif&GufEkdifa&;                     csKyfuvnf; oH;ESppmoD;ESavsmaMu;   k f                  H f                      awGarG;xm;w,f/ ynm&SiawGvawmh                f     kd         oabmxm;wpf&yfxkwfjyefcJhonf/
onfh awmiforsm;jzpfNyD; ,ckyefMum;
                             l                                                  twGuf jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;aqmif&uf                  G         k
                                                                                                                                         qdonfrm rSm;ajymrdjcif;jzpfNy; apwem
                                                                                                                                                               S                                  D                                         dk f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rprf;oyfEib;/ ig;aoawG awGU&if                                                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               xef;awmudausmcdi;í xGucm      kf           fG
vTmtm; 2008 zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'                    k                          &rnhf tcsdeftcgaumif;jzpfaMumif;                         trSm;yg[k ajymMum;cJhaMumif; ,if;                                                awmh ukrÜPDu wm0ef&SdolawGudk                                 olrsm;uvnf; xGucmoGm;Ny; use&pffG          D    f
                 f
Oya'yk'r(354) tyd'c(u) t& jzefY               k f JG                            ajymMum;cJhonf/                                          pmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                             oGm;ajymw,f/ bmvdkYvJqdkawmh                                  olrsm;uvnf; tjiif;yGm;zG,f&mrsm;
a0aMumif; ¤if;wdkYjzefYa0onfhpmwGif                                                     vuf&Sd,majrrsm;udk rnfolrS                                           d
                                                                                                                                                    wki;f a'oBu;D vTwawmfrS wm0ef            f                            ,rm;acsmif;xJua&u uRefawmfwdkY                                jzifh usefaeayao;onf/ tusKd;
yg&Sdonf/                                                                       odrf;qnf;rnf[krod&Sd&aMumif;ESifh                        &Sdolrsm;ESifh v,fodrf;cHawmifolrsm;                                                 k J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          oH;pGae&wmav}}[k *kPawmaus;&Gm             f                  tjrwftwGufqufvufvkyfudkifol
             trsK;orD;ESpO;tygt0if v,f
                    d                   fD                                      ¤if;wdkYajymqdkcJhonhf oHk;ESpfpmoD;ESH                                            f
                                                                                                                                         tBudrBf udrawGUqHcaomfvnf; wdus       k hJ                                       rS &GmcHwpfOD;u pGefYypfa&ajrmif;                             rsm;uvnf; vkyfudkifrnf/ tcsKdU
odrf;cHawmifolOD;a& 40 cefYrSm rHk&Gm                                           avsmfaMu;aiGjzihfyif v,f,majrrsm;                        onf h tajzwpf c k x G u f r vmcJ h b J                                           prf;oyfyHkudk ajymjyonf/                                      v,fr&Sdaomfvnf; avsmfaMu;&ol
NrdKUay:&Sd vlpnfum;&mblwm½H?k um;                                              tm;vufvTwf&awmhrnfavm? ¤if;                              wm0ef&Sdolrsm;rS puf½Hkrsm;ay:xGef;                                                          ,if;pHy,fawmifaMu;eD pDrue;               H df    u &onf/ v,f&Sdaomfvnf; avsmf
uGif;? aps;ESifhvlpnfum;&m t"du                                                 wdYk\b0a&SUa&;udk rnfotmrcHrnf        l                  vmrnf? tvkytuditcGitvrf;rsm;    f k f hf                                         rS ,ciftkdifAif[dk;ukrÜPDESifh vuf&Sd                         aMu;r&olur&? vuf&Sdtcsdefxd½Iyf
vrf;rBuD;rsm;ay:wGif Mo*kwfv 18                                                 vJ? ¤if;wdkYudk rnfolrQrulnDEkdifMu                      ay:aygufvmrnf[k ajymqdkNyD; a&TU                                                 jrefrm,efpDukrÜPDwdkYrS aMu;eDxkwf                            axG;aeqJjzpfonf/
&ufaeYeHeufydkif; 10 em&DtcsdefwGif                                             awmhbl;vm;[k ,if;pmwGif v,f                              ajymif;&ef n§dEdIif;ay;cJhaomfvnf;                                               ,lNyD; pGefYypfcJhonfh ajrZmyHkBuD;rSm                                           dS d ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               vuf&uprsm;rSm vkyief;pwif         f
vdkufvHa0iSaejcif;jzpfonf/                                                      odrf;cHawmifolrsm;rS ar;cGef;xkwf                        v,fodrf;cHawmifolrsm;rSm rdrdwdkY\                                               rMumao;cif&ufydkif;twGif; Mo*kwf                              pOfrSpí vuf&SdtcsdefxdyGifhvif;jrif
             ,if;pmwGifEkdifiHawmfor®w                                          xm;onf/                                                  v,f,majrrsm;wGiom jyefvnfvyf               f                                 k   v 14 &ufaeYü wtdtdjzifh NydKus                                omrIr&SdcJhjcif;\ aemufqufwGJrsm;
BuD; ESihf v,f,majrpHprf;ppfaq;a&;              k                                       ¤if;wdYk \qE´rm vG,v,jf zifh
                                                                                                             S              f G                k f kd
                                                                                                                                         udivaMumif; awGUqHrwi;wGiajym                k I dk f f                          cJhonfhjzpf&yfrSmvnf; ywf0ef;usif                             cHpm;ae&jcif;jzpfaMumif; rHk&GmNrdKUrS
aumfr&Sif? w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;ESifh                                             vufvTwfay;rnfr[kwfbJ taocH                               Mum;cJhonf/ v,fodrf;cHawmifol                                                          f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          xde;odr;rItay:ar;cGe;xkwp&mjzpf         f        f            avhvmoHk;oyfolrsm;u ajymMum;
wnfNidrfat;csrf;a&;aumfrwD? vTwf                                                íumuG,foGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;                           rsm;ESihf v,f,majrtjiif;yGm;rIrsm;rSm                                            vmonf/ vuf&Sdvkyfudkifrnfh vuf                                onf/
awmftrwfrsm;? oufqi&mwm0ef&dS                          dk f                     pmwGifyg&Sdonf/                                                       dS d f d
                                                                                                                                         vuf&tcsextajz&Sm&efrvG,ao;                                        f              yef;awmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;wGif                                   ,cif 1990 jynfhvGefESpfrsm;rS
yk*¾dKvfrsm;ESifh jynfolwpf&yfvHk;tm;                                                   jrefrmhp;yGm;a&;OD;ydiEihf w½kwf
                                                                                                  D                 k f S                aom udpöwpfckjzpfaeqJjzpfaMumif;                                                 vnf; aMu;eDxkwf,lNyD; pGefYypfrnfh                            pwifum uae'gtajcpkduf tkdifAif
v,fodrf;cHawmifolrsm;\ tcuf                                                     ukrÜPDjrefrm0rfbdkwdkY tusKd;wl yl;                      rHk&GmNrdKUcHtrsm;pku oHk;oyfMuonf/                                              ajrpmyHkrsm;yg0ifrnfjzpfonf/                                     d Ü DS f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        [k;ukrPEifh ESptwefMumonftxd
tcJ qif;&J'ku©udkodjrifapvkdonfh                                                aygif;aqmif&urnfh pDrue;jzpfonfh
                                                                                                 G f             H df                               ]]uRefawmfhrSm 'DawmifBuD;udk                                                     vuf&tcsewif vufyef;awmif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                dS d f G                                           k f dk f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        zufpyfvyuicpOf rnfonfjh yóem
qE´jzifwifjyjcif;jzpfaMumif; a&;om;
               h                                                                vufyef;awmif;awmif aMu;eDprue;                 DH df     0,fEkdifwJh aiGyrmP&Sd&if 0,fNyD; 'D                                             awmifpDrHudef;rSm ,m,D&yfem;xm;                               rQ rMum;cJh&onfhþa'oonfum;
xm;onf/                                                                         BuD;twGuf &Gmaygif; 26 &GmrS awmif                       twki;yJxm;apcsiygw,f/ csi;wGi;
                                                                                                                                                  d f                           f                         f f             NyD; ,if;uJoYkd&yfem;xm;jcif;rSm ZGev
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          h                                       f     w½kwfukrÜPDtpm;xkd;0ifa&mufvm
             ,ckvuf&tcsewif tjiif;yGm;
                                     dS d f G                                   olOD;BuD;rsm;ydkifqkdifonhf ,majr{u                      jrpfBuD;&,f? awmifBuD;&,fukd aemuf                                               2 &ufaeY awmifolrsm;\ awmif;qdk                               onfrSm rMumvSao;vifhupm; jy
zG,ftaetxm;rSm 2010 jynfhESpf                                                   aygif; 7800 ausmfESifh&Gmav;&GmrS                        vlawGjrifapcsiao;w,f/ jzpfEi&if     f                               dk f         csufav;csufteuf v,f,majrrsm;                                                            d H d H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        óemrsm;u rD;ck;rqk;rk;rqk;/ owåK
'DZifbmv 17 &ufaeYü rH&mwpfzuf                              k G                 pmoifausmif;? bkef;BuD;ausmif;rsm;                       'DawmifBuD;udkaygufjym;eJY wpfcsuf                                               ay:wGif ajrom;rsm;pkypeYf ypfjcif;rsm;kH G                    wGif;0efBuD;Xme? pD;yGm;a&;OD;ykdifvDrd
urf;qm;vif;BuD;&Sd rdkif;NrdKU NrdKUOD;                                         udk rw&m;odrf; &Gmrsm;udkajymif;a&TU                                        S k
                                                                                                                                         aygufrmudawmif rvdvm;awmhb;}}                  k                           l     udk acwå&yfqi;xm;&ef? puf½kH tvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kd f                                  wuf? a'ovHjynfolrsm; rnfonfh
ausmif;wGif awmifolrsm; udk,fpm;                                                cdkif;rnfqdkvQif EkdifiHawmfor®wBuD;                     [k rHk&GmNrdKUay:rS touf 30 ausmf                                                ½HktaqmufttHkrsm;aqmufvkyfjcif;                                                G        S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        bufu vJacsmfrm;,Gi;aeonfrod/       f
aus;&GmtdrfrSL;rsm;ESifh &yfrd&yfzrsm;                                          qdkrdefYcJhonfh qif;&JrGJawrIyaysmuf                     cefY vl&G,fwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                  rsm;uk d acwå & yf q d k i f ; ay;xm;&ef                      olwdkYwawG\cHpm;csuf? epfemrIrsm;
ukd ajr,mrsm;ESifh &Gmrsm;udk pGefYvTwf                                         a&;? jynfolYb0jr§ifhwifa&;qdkonfh                                   obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;                                             qdkonfhtcsufESpfcsufom aMu;eD                                 zGihftHxm;onfh vufurf;pm&Guf
&rnfjzpfaMumif; ajymMum;cJhcsdefrS                                              EkdifiHawmfrl0g'udkufnDrIr&SdbJESifh                                             f
                                                                                                                                         a&;ynm&Sirsm;rSvnf; vufyef;awmif;                                                owåKwGif;pDrHudef; wm0efcHrIoabm                              uav;rsm; b,ftcsdef b,fumv
pwifcJhum aemufydkif;wGifavsmfaMu;                                              or®wwpfOD;\pum;udk rav;pm;                               awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;tm; ,cif&SdESifh                                             wlvufrSwfa&;xkd;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; usef                         txd qufa0ae&OD;rnfrodEkdif/
aiG&&SdaMumif;ESifh ajr,mpGefYvTwf                                              &ma&mufaMumif; ,if;pmwGif axmuf                          NyD;aom pHy,fawmifaMu;eDprue;ESihf                         DH df                 awmif;qdkonfh 0ufarS;&GmrS csdyfydwf                                      k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pepfwpfcum; toGiajymif;pjyKayNyD/f
aMumif; 0efcHcsufpm&Gufrsm;ay:wGif                                              jya0zefxm;onf/                                           EdIif;,SOfí oHk;oyf&ef ,if;pDrHudef;                                             xm;onfh bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;udk                               &mpkESpf0ufcefY taMumufw&m;ESihf
vufrSwfa&;xkd;ckdif;apNyD; oHk;ESpfpm                                                         f
                                                                                        vTwawmfwif twnfjyKNyD;jzpf
                                                                                                           G                             ESpfckteD;tem;rS ajrerlemrsm;ESifh                                                       G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          jyefziay;&ef? 0ufarS;&Gm? qnfwnf;                             aecJh&aom tajccHawmifolv,f
       H
oD;ESavsmfaMu;[kqum bmrSe;rod              kd                           f       onfh qE´jycGienf;Oya'twdi;f v,f
                                                                                                    fh                       k           a&erlemrsm;tm; "mwfcprf;oyfEi&ef                 JG                   dk f       &GmESifh ZD;awm&Gmrsm;ukdra&TUajymif;                         orm;wdkY\b0rsm; b,faomtcg
bJ aiGay;í,lcJh&aMumif;udkvnf;                                                        f
                                                                                odr;cHawmiforsm;\ rH&mNrdKUay:wGif
                                                                                                       l         k G                                                 G
                                                                                                                                         ,laqmifom;onfrsm;vnf;&SaMumif;                               d                             k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a&;qdonfh tcsufEpcsufrm vuf&dS    S f          S              wGif ajymif;rnfenf;? Zmwfvrf;um;
,if;pmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/ jrefrm                                                 Nidrf;csrf;pGm pDwef;vSnhfvnf qE´                        rHk&GmNrdKUcH vufyef;awmif;awmif                                                       df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tcsexd oabmwlnrr&Sao;aMumif;       DI d                       t&SdefwufaeayNyD/ Zmwfodrf;cef;
or®w OD;odef;pdef\ ZGefv 19 &uf                                                 azmfxw&ef pmtBudrBf udrwifcaomf
                                                                                        k f                             f       hJ       aMu;eDowåKwl;azmfa&; apmihfMunhf                                                 v,fodrf;cHawmifolwpfOD;u ajym                                 rnfokdYjzpfvmrnfrod/
aeYuajymMum;aom rdefYcGef;wGif ajr                                              vnf; taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;jzihfom                          avhvma&;uGe&ufrS wm0ef&owpf      f                             dS l              Mum;onf/
,m jyóemrsm;onf NrdKU&GmzGHUNzdK;                                               jiif;y,fjcif;cHc&aMumif; 0ufarS;&GmrS
                                                                                                        hJ                               OD;uajymMum;onf/                                                                             anmifyifBuD;rS qm;vif;BuD;NrdKU
wdk;wufrIESifhpDrHudef;rsm;ESifh &if;ESD;                                       OD;aqmifolwpfOD;uajymMum;onf/                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                    ]]uReawmfwYdk *kPawmaus;&Gm                f                          odkYoGm;&m vrf;ab;0J,mwGif tdrf
         HS H d f
jr§KyfErI pDrue;rsm;aqmif&u&mwGif                             G f                       ,if;pmwGif ppfui;wki;a'o  kd f d f               em;rSm pHy,fawmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;u                                                rnf;rnf;av;rsm; wef;pDNyD;wnf                                                               ukdouf (rkH&Gm)
 Vol.8 / No.35 - September 3 - 9 , 2012                                                                                                                                           THE VOICE WEEKLY 37
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  37




FOREIGN AFFAIRS
 Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The




tar&duefydwfqdkhrI a&Smif&Sm;Edkifa&; xdkif;ESifUtD&ef bmwmpepfusifUoHk;&efpDpOf
wD[D&ef? Mo*kwf 29

 EsL      uvD;,m;OD;wnfcsufaMumifh tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\ydwfqdkYta&;,lrIcHxm;&aom tD&eftaejzifh
          ukefypönf;csif; zvS,fa&mif;0,fonfh bmwmpepfudktoHk;jyKum tqdkygydwfqdkYrIrsm;udk a&Smif&Sm;oifhonf
[k xdkif;EdkifiHutBuHay;ajymqdkonf/
       ]]ydwfqdkYta&;,lrIawGaMumifh 0efBuD; ql&myGef;wdk0DcsmuDuGef;u oabmwlnDvdkufonf/
   k f D          f kd f H             f G
xdi;eJYt&ef ESpEiitMum;ukeo,f wD[D&efNrdKUawmfü tD&efEdkifiHjcm;a&;           tqd k y gpepf u sif h o H k ; &mwG i f
            f                    f G    hf                                k f k f H
a&;[m ESpumvMum&Snpm jr§iwif 0efBuD; tvDtubmpvif;ESifh awGU xdi;Ediibufu qefwifyYkd NyD; tD&ef
Edkifjcif; r&SdcJhygbl;/ tJ'gaMumifh qHk&mwGif tBuHjyKajymqdkonf/        bufu a&eHESifhobm0"mwfaiGUrsm;
                            f kd f H D
uRefawmfwYkd taeeJY ESpEiip;yGm;a&;                            k    f
                                            tar&duefjynfaxmifp\ydwqYkd ay;ydkYvJvS,frIjyKEdkifaMumif;? ydwfqdkY
                                              I          S kf
qufqHrI jr§ifhwifzdkYtwGuf tjcm; ta&;,lrrsm;udk a&Smif&m;Edia&;twGuf ta&;,lrIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhonfhtcsdefrS
                                                  kf G f      kf      kf        f kd f H
enf;vrf;awG usifhoHk;Edkifatmif BudK; bmwmpepfueo,rjI yKvy&ef xdi; pí ESpEiitMum; aiGaMu;vJv,rI               S f
              hf           k f k f                                                  k f kd   d hJ
pm;&ygvdrr,f}} [k xdi;EdiijH cm;a&; EdkifiH\tBuHjyKcsufudk tD&efbufu rsm; jyKvyEijf cif;r&Sc&m ,if;bmwm
                                                                                                                                                                 hf          kd
                                                                                                                                                      pepfusio;Hk rnfqygu jyóemwpfpkH                   i,fay;oifhygw,f/ tD&efbufu
                                                                                                                                                               d                f
                                                                                                                                                      wpf&m&Srnfr[kwaMumif; xdi;EdiiH  k f k f                   d ©                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pm;eyf&umtwGuf qef0,fzYkd vdtyf
  tar&duefppfom;tcsKdY or®wtdkbm;rm;udkvkyfBuH&efMuHpnf                                                                                               jcm;a&;0efBuD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                             tD&efonf ESpfpOfqefwefcsdef
                                                                                                                                                      oef;ESifhcsDí0,f,l&ef vdktyfvsuf&dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                        aecserm xdi;Ediibufuvnf; a&eH
                                                                                                                                                                                                            d f S k f k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        eJYobm0"mwfaiGUpwJh pGr;tif&if;jrpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        awGvdktyfaewmyg}} [k ¤if;uajym
0g&Sifwef? Mo*kwf 30                                                                                                                                       h          kf kfH
                                                                                                                                                      ouJoYkd xdi;Ediionfvnf;jynfwi;         Gf         Mum;onf/
        tar&duefwyfrawmfrS ppfom;                  jcif;wdkYjzpfonf/                                    wl;rsm;udkxkd;xm;NyD; tzGJU0ifwpfOD;             f
                                                                                                                                                      pGr;tifo;pGrtwGuf a&eHEiobm0
                                                                                                                                                                    kH J I        S hf                                      Gf       k S
                                                                                                                                                                                                               tD&ef\jynfwi;qefpm;oH;rIrm
                  f f l hJ
tcsKUd onf tkycsKyor0g'udk ,HMk unf                         w&m;pGJqdkrnfh Oya't&m&Sd                   &xm;onfh tmrcHaiGaMu;rsm;jzifh                "mwfaiGUrsm; vdktyfvsuf&Sdonf/                    wefaygif; 3 'or 5 oef;cefY&Sdaomf
Muvsuf ppfaoG;<utkyfpkwpftkyfpk                                       k
                                                   rsm;\tqdt& ¤if;wdYk \umv&Snf                         tzGJUudk vnfywftoHk;csaejcif;jzpf                    ]]tar&duefawGtaeeJY ,ckupö        d        vnf; xkwfvkyfrIrSm wefaygif; 2
xlaxmifcJhMu&m tkyfcsKyfa&;pepfudk                 &nfrSef;csufrSm awmfvSefa&;wpf&yf                    onf/                                          tay: em;vnfaxmufxm;rItenf;                        'or 5 oef;cefYom&Sdonf/
NzdKzsufjcif;ESifh or®wtdkbm;rm;udk                qifETJ&ef? tpdk;&udk jzKwfcs&efESifh
vkyBf uHjcif;wdYktxdjyifqifxm;Mu&mrS
           I       k kd
vlowfrwpfcuppfaq;&if; tqkyg
*dkPf;udkaxmufvSrf;rdum *dkPf;0if
                                       d
                                                   tar&duefor®wtdkbm;rm;udk vkyf
                                                   BuH&efyifjzpfonf/
                                                            ¤if;wdkYppfom;oHk;OD;yg0ifaom
                                                                                                         ygvufpwkdif;v,form;rsm; v,fajrrsm;rSpGefhcGm&ef tpöa&;today;
ppfom;rsm;udk zrf;qD;&rd½Hk;wifEkdif               tzGUJ onf touf 19ESpt&G,f ppfom;
                                                                             f                           a*s½kqvif? Mo*kwf 30
vkdufaMumif; NBC owif;Xmeu                         a[mif;rkdufu,fa&mhpfESifh 17 ESpf                               taemufbufurf;a'owGif                          tpö a &;tpd k ; &\txuf y g                       Sf      S
                                                                                                                                                                                                        aeolEpaxmifro;Hk axmifMum;&Sdonf
azmfjyxm;onf/                                      t&G,fcspfol wpfzeDwdkYudkowfrIjzifh                  O,smOfNcHpdkufysKd;jcif;jzifh toufarG;        twki;vkyaqmifronf *sm&DcsKa'o
                                                                                                                                                              d f f        I                   d        [k v,form;rsm;ucefYre;Muonf/S f
        ppfom;rsm;onf rif;rJh0g'                   ppfaq;cH&&mrS FEAR tMurf;zuf                                                   d
                                                                                                        Muaom ygvufpwki;f v,form;rsm;udk                                               k f d
                                                                                                                                                      rS axmifaygif;rsm;pGmaom pduysK;a&;                        1993 atmfpvdkoabmwlnD
tMurf;zuftzGUJ tpnf;twGuf tar                      tzGJUtaMumif; ay:aygufvmjcif;                                        k
                                                                                                        tpöa&;tpd;&u 45 &uftwGi; v,f        f         vkyfom;rsm;\oufarG;0rf;ausmif;                    csuft& a*smf'efjrpftaemufbuf
&duefa':vm &Spfaomif;ckepfaxmif                    jzpfonf/                                                       k G G         f G
                                                                                                        rsm;udpeYf cmxGuom;Mu&ef owday;               xdcuapvdrrnf[k armif;xkwcH v,f
                                                                                                                                                            kd f        hf                   f            k                             d
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ydi;f \a'otcsKUd udk ygvufpwki;f bufu
oHk;pGJxm;um vufeufrsm;wyfqif                                            H
                                                            towfc&olrsm;rSmvnf; EIwf                    vk d u f a Mumif ; Ajazeera owif ;            orm;wpfO;jzpfol a&Smuwfa[mh&&m
                                                                                                                                                                      D                            fS          d f kd            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        wpfpwwpfyi;f xde;f csKyxm;cGifh&Sdonf/
                              f kd f
jcif;udk aoaocsmcsmvkyuiaecJjh cif;                      fH
                                                   ydwc&jcif;jzpfonf/ ppfom;tkupuf    d f               wpf&yfu a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/                   u ajymMum;onf/                                                         df k f d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ygvufpwki;pduysK;a&;0efBuD;
                           kd
jzpfonf/ tzGUJ emrnfuvnf; FEAR                     t*GdKif*GdKifqkdolu acgif;aqmifjzpfNyD;                         a*smf'efjrpftaemufbufurf;                     741 {uaom ygvufpwki;f rsm;      d      udk,fwkdiftqkdyga'oodkYqif;vmNyD;
[k ay;xm;ao;onf/                                   wyfMuyftefwdkeDyD'ifESifh wyfom;                     *sm&DcsKda'o&Sd ygvufpwkdif;v,f                k f d
                                                                                                                                                      pduysK;&mv,f{ursm;udk Ncdr;ajcmuf  f              v,fodrf;cHv,form;rsm;udk vm
                    k f h
        ¤if;wdYk vyrnftpDtpOfrsm;rSm               c&pöwdkzmaqmfvfrGefwdkYudk zrf;qD;                   orm;rsm;xHodkY azmfjyygowday;pm                        h
                                                                                                                                                      onftwGuf tpöa&;udwuay;yg&ef k dk f                a&mufawGUqHkoGm;cJhonf/
qnfwpfckudkazmufcGJjcif;? 0g&Sifwef                ppfaq;aejcif;jzpfonf/ ¤if;wdkYESifh                  ydkYcJhjcif;jzpfNyD; pdkufysKd;xm;onfhtyif                    df
                                                                                                                                                      ygvufpwki;tmPmydiukd wkuwe; kf        d f Gf               ]]uRefawmfwkdYatmifjrifrIqDudk
jynfe,frS yef;oD;cif;wpfcif;udk                                         d f
                                                   twl ppfom;rkuu,fbef;eufqol             kd            rsm;udk wl;,loGm;EkdifaMumif;ESifh 45         aMumif; tqkdygv,form; Reuters                                             D S
                                                                                                                                                                                                        oGm;rSmjzpfNyD; zsufq;cHrmr[kwb;}} f l
tqdyfcwfjcif;? a*smf*sD,mjynfe,frS                 vnf ; yg0if N yD ; ¤if ; uao'Pf u d k                &uftwGif; xGufcGm&efvnf; trdefY               ESifh tifwmAsL;pOfajymMum;onf/                                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                                        [k ygvufpwki;f 0efBu;D 0gvpftmqufpf
yef;NcHwpfNcHudk AHk;cGJjcif;? vHkNcHKa&;                     JT dk f
                                                   a&SmifvEi&eftwGuf tpk;&oufao  d                      xkwfxm;onf/ atmufwkdbmv 7                                    k k f
                                                                                                                                                                 tqdygpducif;rsm;wGivyuif  f k f kd     uqkdonf/
0efxrf;um;rsm;udk wkdufcdkufjcif;ESifh             tjzpfvufcHcJholjzpfonf/                              &ufaeYwGif owfrSwfxm;onfhaeY
             H
pwD;0yfcwyfvufeufwuukd 0ifp;   dk f      D                                     h    k
                                                            ¤if;wdYk onf rif;rJ0g'yHpH wuf              jynfhoGm;rnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                              kd        Uf          f
                                                                                                                                                       ajrmufu&;D ,m;ESi*syef av;ESptwGi;f
    &ufpGJrSwfwrf;                                                                                                                                                Y
                                                                                                                                                       yxrqHk;awGqHkaqG;aEG;rnf
    Mo*kwf 27 wevFm - tmz&duwkuf tef*vmEkiiwif tkypzUJG í"m;jywkujf cif;? jyefay;qGjJ cif;ponfh jypfrI
                                                  d          kd d f H G                f k                   d                                        wkdusKd? Mo*kwf 29
             f l k l                        f l                                            k
    usL;vGeo[,q&aom w½kwvrsKd;? trsKd;om;? trsKd;orD; pkpaygif; 37OD;ukd tef*vmtpk;&u zrf;qD;cJNh yD;             dk            d                              ajrmufudk&D;,m;ESifh *syefwdkYrS         rsm;udktvdk&Sdaeonf/
    w½kwfEkdifiHokdY jyefvnfvTJajymif;ay;vkdufNyDjzpfonf/                                                                                             tpkd;&wm0ef&Sdolrsm;onf av;ESpf                                           kf h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,ckjyKvyrnfaqG;aEG;yGwiw½kwf J Gf
    Mo*kwf 28 t*Fg - usL;bm;'kwd,or®w rm&DEkdrl&Dvkd\orD;onf tar&duefjynfaxmifpkwGif ckdvIHaexkdif                                                    twGif;yxrqHk;tBudrftjzpf w½kwf                    ESifhajrmufudk&D;,m;wdkYonf 'kwd,
    vsuf&Sdonf/ ¤if;onf ruúqDukdEkdifiHrSwpfqifh tar&duefjynfaxmifpk wuúqyfjynfe,fokdY 0ifa&mufcJhNyD;                                                jynfolYor®wEkdifiH ab*sif;NrdKUwGif               urÇmppftwGif;u ajrmufudk&D;,m;
    ,cktcgzavmf&D'gjynfe,f wef0gNrKdUwGif aexkdifvsuf&Sdonf/                                                                                                   k
                                                                                                                                                      awGUqHaqG;aEG;rnfjzpfaMumif; bDbpD       D                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        e,fajrwGiusq;Hk oGm;aom *syefvrsK;                 l d
                                d                d f              d f JG                G
    Mo*kwf 29 Ak'¨[l; - tpk;&ESifh twkutcHMum; wkuyrsm;jzpfym;vsu&aom qD;&D;,m;Ekiiwif 'kuonfpcef;    f dS                 dfH G          ©           owif;ü azmfjyxm;onf/                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        rsm;\<uif;use&pfaom ½kytavmif;       f
                                                               df
    rsm;wnfaqmufay;&ef ukvor*¾udk qD;&D;,m;EkiijH cm;a&;0efBuD; tmruf'grlw*vlu wkuwe;ajymMum;onf/              dk        d f Gf                                wpf&ufMumjyKvkyrnfh tqkyg
                                                                                                                                                                                      f      d                                  ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ypönf;rsm;udpudkvnf; aqG;aEG;oGm;
    - EsLuvD;,m;vufeufjyKvkyf&ef BuKd;yrf;vsuf&Sdjcif;aMumifh tar&duef\pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqkdYrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhNyD;                                         aqG;aEG;yGJwGif 1970 ESifh 1980 jynfh             rnfjzpfonf/
                                  f                  dk f dk f        k
    tpöa&;uvnf; ppfa&;jzih0ifa&mufwucurnf[ajymMum;vsuf&aeaomfvnf; qufvufvyaqmifvsuf                dS                              k f                     f                   kd D
                                                                                                                                                      ESprsm;u ajrmufu&;,m;u zrf;qD;                            avmavmq,ftcsewif *syef    d f G
    &Sdaom tD&ef\EsLuvD;,m;tpDtpOfrsm;ESihfywfoufí tjynfjynfqkdif&mtPkjrLpGrf;tifat*sifpD(IAEA)                                                       xm;aom *syefEkdifiHom;rsm;udpöudk                 vlrsKd;tzGJUwpfzGJUonf 'kwd,urÇm
    u vmrnfh&ufykdif;twGif; tpD&ifcHpmxkwfjyefoGm;rnfjzpfonf/                                                                                         aqG;aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/                                       f                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ppftwGi;u aoqH;oGm;aom ¤if;wdYk
    Mo*kwf 30 Mumoyaw; - *syefESihfawmifukd&D;,m;wkdY\ykdifeuftjiif;yGm;vsuf&Sdaom uRef;ESihfywfoufí                                                           ,if;udpöonf *syefESifhawmif              aqGrsKd;rsm;\ <uif;usef&pfonf
                     dk f     H              H
    tjynfjynfqi&mw&m;½k;\tqk;tjzwf&,l&ef *syef\tqkjd yKcsutm; y,fcsaompmukd awmifu&;,m;EkiiH     f                                     dk D   d f         k D
                                                                                                                                                      ud&;,m;wdYk tMum; t"durauseyfrI                                               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                        rsm;udk awmif;qk&ef ajrmufu&;,m;              kd D
    NrKdUawmf qkd;vf&Sd *syefoHtrwfokdYay;ykdYcJhonf/                                                                                                                      ö
                                                                                                                                                      jzpfapaomudpwpfcvnf;jzpfonf/k                     EkdifiHodkY 10 &ufMumc&D; a&muf&Sd
                 h dk f H                                                          dk f I
    - *&dponfEiirsm;\a<u;NrDjyóemaMumifh pD;yGm;a&;xdcurrsm;BuKHawGUae&onfh Oa&myor*¾\pD;yGm;a&;                                                                        kd
                                                                                                                                                               ajrmufu&;D ,m;uzrf;qD;cJaom h            vsuf&Sdonf/
                       d                                                         S             f
    jyóemrsm;ukaqG;aEG;&ef *smreDt"dywd tif*svmrmu,fEifh w½kw0efBuD;csKyf0rfusm;aygifwYdk NrKdUawmfab*si;                                         f   *syefvrsKd;rsm;xJrig;OD;udk ajrmufukd
                                                                                                                                                                 l           S                                   *syefonf ajrmufu&;,m;\        kd D
                                                                              h k d
    wGif aqG;aEG;cJMh uonf/ Oa&mya<u;NrDjyóemonf urÇm'w,pD;yGm;a&;tiftm;BuD;EkiijH zpfaom w½kwuyg                    d f                    f dk                       T f
                                                                                                                                                      &D;,m;ujyefvway;cJNh yD;jzpfum usef               EsLuvD;,m;&&Sd&efBudK;yrf;aerIudk
    xdckdufaprnfh t&dyfvu©Pmrsm;awGUae&onf/                                                                                                           vlrsm;rSmaoqHk;oGm;NyD[k ajrmufudk                pkd;&drfvsuf&SdNyD; *syefydkifeufudkausmf
                                       JG I                              f dS                f G
    - ausmufr;D aoG;wGi;f aygufurrsm; rMumcPjzpfay:vsu&aomw½kwwif pDcRrjf ynfe,f yefZ[mNrKUd awmf&dS a&Smif*sm0ef      D G                            &D;,m;uajymMum;cJhonf/                                               kd D
                                                                                                                                                                                                        í ajrmufu&;,m;u 'H;usnprf;oyf   k           f
              D           f         JG hJ      f                    H
    ausmufr;aoG;wGi;aygufuc&m vkyom; 19OD; aoqk;NyD; 28OD;rSm ausmufr;aoG;wGif;xJwiywrvsu&onf/             D              G f d f d f dS                                            ö S hf
                                                                                                                                                               *syefurl ,if;udpEiywfoufí                              kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        rIrsm;jyKvycjhJ cif;rsm;onf *syeftwGuf
                                                                                                                                                        d         h kH
                                                                                                                                                      ykrjkd ynfpaom owif;tcsuftvuf                     trsufxGufp&mrsm;jzpfcJhonf/
    38
  The
     VOICE             FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




bufrvdkufvIyf&Sm;rIjzifU taemufwdkif;pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqdkhrIudk wefjyefEkdif[k tD&efqdk
wD[D&ef? Mo*kwf 29

   EsL                                                                         ta&;,l
          uvD;,m;oefYpifrIrsm;aMumifh taemuftiftm;pk\pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqdkYta&;,lrIcHxm;&aom tD&efEkdifiH
          u bufrvkdufEkdifiHrsm;vIyf&Sm;rIjzifh pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqdkYrIudkwefjyefEkdifaMumif; ajymMum;vkdufonf[k
tpöa&;EkdifiHxkwfowif;pm a*s½kqvifydkYpfwGifa&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/
                                              D D       G      f
     tD&efEkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; tvD NrdKUawmfw[&efwijf yKvkyaepOf ajym zufowfvkyf&yfjzpfNyD; 'Drdkua&pDESifh
                                                                                                df
tuúbmqmvD[Du txufygrSwf Mum;cJ h j cif ; jzpf o nf / tar&d u ef aoGznfaMumif; EkiijH cm;a&;0efBu;u        D
csufukd bufrvkuEiirsm;vIy&m;rI OD;aqmifaom taemuftyp\pD;yGm; ajymMum;onf/ tD*spor®w\ tD&ef
                  d f dk f H    f S                           k f k                                  f
                                                f                                      kd
nDvmcH (Non-Aligned Movement) a&;t&ydwqYkdta&;,ljcif;onf wpf c&D;pOfuvnf; orki;0ifx;jcm;aom      d f   l


   tar&duefor®wa&G;aumufyGJ wif;rmonfUrl0g'rsm;
   &DywfbvDuefxkwfazmf
wefyg? Mo*kwf 29                                                                                                                                                                                dk f
                                                                                                                                                                             c&D;pOf[k tD&efEiijH cm;a&;0efBuD;u                tD&efEkdifiHwGifvnf; EsLuvD;,m;
             vmrnfh Ekd0ifbmvqef;ydkif;ü                  110 OD;yg0ifaomrl0g'a&;&maumfr                                   csKyfa&;tzGJU\ NydKifbufEkdifiHrsm;ESifh          ajymMum;onf/                                       pGrf;tifudk Nidrf;csrf;pGmtoHk;csí
usif;y&ef&Sdonfhtar&duefor®w                                                              S
                                                          wD tBuD;tuJEihf Am*s;eD;,m;jynfe,f       D                       ywfoufí tm;enf;rI&Sdaom &yf                                      kd              hf
                                                                                                                                                                                     ]]'Drua&pDta&;? vlYtcGita&;                avmifpmxkwfvkyfEkdifonftxd ,l
a&G;aumufyGJwGif NydKifbufor®w                            tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;abmhbfrufaumfeJvf                                wnfcsufrsm;ESifh ppfa&;toHk;p&dwf                 pwmawGudk wpfzuf o wf y d w f q d k Y              a&eD,rfoefYpifjcif;udkvkyfcGifh&Sdyg
tdbm;rm;\ 'Dru&ufwpfygwDtay:
   k                      kd                              u vuf&tbm;rm;tpd;&u OD;wnf
                                                                             dS kd                   k                     avQmhcsrIrsm; tp&SdonfwdkYudkvnf;                              I          f G k
                                                                                                                                                                             ta&;,lrenf;eJY oGwoi;f vdYr&ygbl;/                 aMumif;vnf; ¤if;uxyfavmif;ajym
         df d
tEki&&Sa&;twGuf oabmxm;wif;rm                             vkyfudkifvsuf&Sdaom rl0g'rsm;onf                                 &DywfbvDuefygwDu ,if;nDvmcH                       vlawGqDudk twd'ku©eJYyifyef;qif;&J                 Mum;onf/
     dS h l
rI&onfr0g'rsm;udk &DywfbvDuefygwD                                     f kf d
                                                          ]tvkytudir&Saomtvkyorm;rsm;?                      f              wGif a0zefajymqkonf/ odYaomf or®w
                                                                                                                                            d      k                         rIawGyJ a&mufapygw,f/ 'g[m                                tESpfoHk;q,ftwGif; yxrOD;
                    f
u Mo*kwv 28 &ufaeYwif usif;y              G               pkaqmif;aiGr&Sdaom rdom;pkrsm;ESifh                              tdkbm;rm;u &DywfbvDuefwdkY\                             h                    f G
                                                                                                                                                                             ajzmifajzmifBh uD;qefYusiom;wmygyJ}}               qHk;tBudrftjzpf tD*spfor®w tD&ef
           h
onfygwD\trsK;om;nDvmcHü xkwf d                                           h
                                                          arQmfvifcsufr&Saom vlaerI0ef;usif d                                                 f        d
                                                                                                                           nDvmcHonf ]]azsmajza&; ½I;yG}J } wpfck            [k tvDqmvD[Du Time r*¾Zif;odkY                     odkYvma&mufjcif;onf ESpfEkdifiHquf
azmfvuaMumif; qif[mowif;Xme
             dk f                   G                     rsm;} jzpfvmatmifzefw;vsu&onf                D       f dS        omjzpfNyD; a&SUqufavQmufvSrf;Ekdif                ajymMum;cJhonf/                                    qHa&;twGuf rSwfwkdifwpfckjzpfNyD;
ua&;om;azmfjyonf/                                         [k a0zefajymqdkonf/ xkdYjyifor®w                                      fh        f
                                                                                                                           vdrrnfr[kwaMumif; wkYH jyefajymqdk                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                     taemuftiftm;pkrsm;\ pd;&drf                BudKqdk0rf;ajrmufaMumif; tD&efEkdifiH
             vuf&Sd'Drdku&ufwpfor®wtdk                       k
                                                          tdbm;rm;\ emrnfausmuse;rma&;                     f f             onf/                                              aerIudk em;vnfygaMumif;? odkYaomf                  jcm;a&;0efBuD;uqkdonf/
bm;rm;\ usef;rma&;apmihfa&SmufrI                                  h                   I
                                                          apmifa&Smufrpepf jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;
pepfjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;udk ½kyor;ypf        f d f         vkyfief;pOfudkzsufodrf;NyD; wkd;wuf
rnfjzpfNyD; y#doaE¨zsucsrywyifa&;?
aoewfxe;csKyfry,fzsufa&;? trsKd;
                   d f         I
                                   f Id f                 aumif;rGer&onfh usef;rma&; apmihf
                                                                               f I dS
                                                          a&SmufrIpepf? csKdomaom p&dwfpu
                                                                                                                              qD;&D;,m;twdkuftcH ,m,Dtpdk;&zGJYrnfqdkygu
                       fh
om;vHNk cHKrIjr§iwifa&; tp&SonfwYkukd   d           d     ESifh vGwfvyfaomaps;uGufjzpfay:
vkyfukdifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; &Dywf
bvDuefygwDu tar&duefjynforsm;                     l
                                                          apNyD; pm;oHk;olwdkY ydkrdka&G;cs,fcGifh&Sd
                                                          rnfh pepftp&SonfwYkd tay: tajccH
                                                                                        d
                                                                                                                              jyifopf todtrSwfjyKrnf
udk uwdu0wfjyKajymMum;onf/                                onfh tpDtpOfwpf&yfudk azmfxkwf                                   yg&D? Mo*kwf 29
             ]]tar&d u ef t d y f r uf o nf               rnfjzpfaMumif; &DywfbvDuefygwD                                           qD;&D;,m;twdkuftcHwdkYtae                 wGif; tpdwfpdwftjrTmjrTmuGJxGufae                       hf            hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                jr§iwif&ygvdrr,f}} [k jyifopfor®w
tEÅ&m,f&SdaeNyD}} [k &DywfbvDuef                          u oEéd|mefjyKvkdufonf/                                                             k
                                                                                                                           jzifh ,m,Dtpd;&zGUJ &ef jyifopfor®w                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                             onfh twdutcHtiftm;pkrsm;nDñwrI        G f          u ajymMum;onf/
ygwDuxkwfazmfajymqdkNyD; vuf&Sd                                      xdkYjyifygwD\ a&&Snf&yfwnf                            a[mfvef'Ju wdkufwGef;ajymqdkNyD;                     d
                                                                                                                                                                             &&Sap&ef jyifopfor®wa[mfvef'u            J                                      k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         qD;&D;,m;twdutcHtiftm;pk
tpdk;&\vnfywfvkyfudkifaerIrsm;?                           csufoabmxm;rsm;jzpfaom vdifwl                                      k k                              kd f H
                                                                                                                           xdtpd;&zGUJ vQifzUJG csif; jyifopfEiiu            ,if;odYk ,m,Dtpd;&zGUJ &ef wduwe;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      k        k f G f                                   kd f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rsm;taejzifh oufqiotm;vH;k yg0ifrI
                  f kH J I
bwf*suo;pGrrsm;? tcGeaumufcrI         f               H   xd r f ; jrm;vuf x yf r I q ef Y u sif a &;?                     todtrSwfjyKoGm;rnfjzpfonf[k                                     kd f
                                                                                                                                                                             jcif;jzpfEiaMumif; owif;uqdonf/     k              &SdNyD; jynfolvlxkwpf&yfvHk;udkudk,f
       hf d f f I                d
ESixe;csKyrrsm; tp&Sonhf vkyief;pOf           f           y#doaE¨zsufcsrIwm;jrpfa&;wdkYudk                                 today;xkwazmfvuaMumif; qif[m
                                                                                                                                           f         kd f                G   jyifopftpd;k &onf ,cktcgEdiiwum kfH                          kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pm;jyKEiaom ,m,Dtpd;k &wpf&yfzUJG um
rsm;wGif av;eufaomtajymif;tvJ                                       H k f
                                                          xyfrxwazmfajymqdouJoYdk use;rm          k h               f      owif;Xmeu a&;om;azmfjyonf/                                 k f k f
                                                                                                                                                                             todi;t0di;wGif ty,fcjH zpfaeonfh                     k f H               k f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ediiwumtodi;t0di;wGif w&m;0if
                kf
rsm;jyKvyum topfu pwifrnfjzpf                                              f
                                                          a&;apmiha&SmufrpepftwGuf &efyaiG      I                     kH           vufeufuiy#dyu©Eihf jynfwi;f
                                                                                                                                                kd f      S          G       qD;&D;,m;or®wbmqmt,ftmqwf                          jzpfrnfh qD;&D;,m;EdkifiHawmfopf jyef
aMumif; ajymqdkonf/                                       odkYr[kwf p&dwfpdkufxkwfay;rIwdkYudk                                   D
                                                                                                                           ppfr;awmufavmifaeonfrm wpfEpf    S          S          k
                                                                                                                                                                             tpd;&tay: oHwrefa&;&m zdtm;ay;                     vnfxlaxmif&ef jyifopfEdkifiHu
             &DywfbvDuefygwD\tzGJU0if                                  G f
                                                          uefYuuajymqdonf/ tkbm;rm;tkyf       k          d                 ausmfcefY&SdNyDjzpfaom qD;&D;,m;EdkifiH           rIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhNyD;vnf;jzpfonf/                  wdkufwGef;ygaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                               kfH Gf
                                                                                                                                                                                        ]]yxrOD;pGm qD;&D;,m;Ediiwi;                     ]]qD;&D;,m;EdkifiHawmfopf&JU
                                                                                                                                                                               kfH                f l
                                                                                                                                                                             Ediia&;toGiu;ajymif;rIukd jzpfEiyg    kd f         ,m,Dtpdk;&zGJUvQifzGJUcsif; tJ'Dtpdk;&
        tif'dkeD;&Sm;ü &JESifUvmbfpm;rIwkdufzsufa&;tzGJY y#dyu©jzpf                                                                                                          u tjrefqHk;jzpfay:vma&;twGuf
                                                                                                                                                                             uReawmfwYk&UJ BuKd ;yrf;csuawGukd t&Sef
                                                                                                                                                                                    f           d          f            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                udk jyifopfEdkifiHu todtrSwfjyK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                axmufcom;rSmyg}}[k ¤if;uqdonf/   k
        *sumwm? Mo*kwf 29

        tpd;&tzGUJ tpnf;wpfcjk zpfonfh KPK tzGUJ wkYdMum; y#dyu©jzpfym;vsu&aMumif; CNA owif;wGiazmfjyxm;onf/
             k
                vmbfpm;rIwpfckESifhywfoufí tif'dkeD;&Sm;&JwyfzGJUESifhvmbfpm;rIwkdufzsufa&;twGufzGJUpnf;xm;aom

                        kd D                  dk f f
                                                                            G
                                                                              kd D
                tif'e;&Sm;vmbfpm;rIwuzsua&;tzGUJ KPK onf tif'e;&Sm;jynforsm;\axmufctm;ay;rIukd &&Saeaom
                                                                                     f dS
                                                                                                l            H
                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                 f G
                                                                                                                                                                             w½kwwif Billboard axmifízl;pm&Si&m
                                                                                                                                                                                                             fS
                                                                                                                                                                             ab*sif;? Mo*kwf 30
                                kd D                                 k                     fk JS                         hf
        tzGUJ jzpfNyD; tif'e;&Sm;&JwyfzUJG rSmrl vmbfpm;rItrsm;qH;aomtzGUJ tpnf;ESpcxrwpfcjk zpfaMumif; yGivif;jrifomrIukd
        avhvmapmifMh unfaeaom Transparency International tzGUJ u xkwjf yefaomESppOfppfwrf;wGiazmfjyxm;onf/
                                       h                                                            f                f                                                                w½k w f j ynf o l Y or® w Ek d i f i H            kd f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pwifpuxcjhJ cif;jzpfayonf/
                                                                                                                                                                             Nrd K Uawmf a b*sif ; ü BuD ; rm;aom                      Billboard ay:wGif udk,fhudk,f
                        kd D
                tif'e;&Sm;,mOfpnf;urf;a&;&mXme\tBuD;tuJa[mif;jzpfaom Djoko Susilo onf ,mOfarmif;uRr;usirI                       f f
                                                                                                                                                                             Bilboard wpfckaxmifxm;vsuf&SdNyD;                  udk,f aMumfjimxkd;olrsm;xJrS wpfOD;
                               f k                       k H l
        prf;oyf&mwGitoH;jyKaom ,mOfarmif;yHpwpufrsm;twGuf avvHac:,l&mü avvHatmifom;olxrStar&duef                 G          H                                                tqkdygqkdif;bkwfay:wGif trsKd;om;                  jzpf a om ab*sif ; tajcpd k u f IT
                     f d             f       h h       G
        a':vm ESpoe;f ausmvmbfpm;cJonftrIwif KPK tzGUJ ESitif'e;&Sm;&JwyfzUJG tMum; y#dyu©jzpfym;aejcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                       hf kd D                                 G                                                                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                                             i,fo;Hk OD;u ¤if;wkYd\ud,a&;tcsuf                  vkyfief;wpfck\touf 30 t&G,f
                KPK tif'dkeD;&Sm;vmbfpm;rIwkdufzsufa&;tzGJUu ,mOfpnf;urf;a&;&mXme\tBuD;tuJa[mif; Djoko                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                             rsm;wifxm;um tdraxmifzufvcsif           dk         pDtD;tdk a*gifa0vifu ¤if;taejzifh
                                         d f                      kH                       S hf
        Susilo tygt0if ,mOfxe;&JXmerS tBuD;tuJo;OD;udk txufygtrIEiywfoufí oHo,&Saejcif;jzpfonf/                    d                                                         ygaMumif; aMumfjimxm;&m w½kwf                      csLpm;rnfhrdef;uav;ESifh rawGUvkd
                          dk D                     k                                      h df G      kd D
                tif'e;&Sm;Oya't& trIwpfcukd KPK tzGUJ upwifppfaq;onftcsewif tif'e;&Sm;&JwyfzUJG u ab;z,f                                                                     jynfwGif;rD'D,mrsm;u tom;ay;                       aMumif; qkdonf/
        ay;&rnfjzpfaomfvnf; ,ck,mOfxdef;&JtBuD;tuJ\trIwGifrl tif'dkeD;&Sm;&JwyfzGJUuyg 0ifa&mufppfaq;rI                                                                      azmfjyaeMuonf/                                            ]]uRef a wmf h r S m cspf o l & S m zd k Y
        rsm;jyKvkyfaejcif;aMumifh KPK ESifh&JwyfzGJUtMum; y#dyu©jzpfyGm;aejcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                               orD ; &nf ; pm;&&S d & ef t wG u f        tcsdefr&Sdbl;Asm/ bmjzpfvkdYvJqkd
                       kd                                                kd        f              d
                tif'e;D &Sm;,mOfpnf;urf;xde;f odr;f a&;Xmeonf tif'e;D &Sm;xdywef;&Jt&m&Srsm;twGuf aiGvypufjzpfaMumif;    kf                                                         f l
                                                                                                                                                                             pdwu;opfrsm;jzifh w½kwvi,frsm; f l                 awmh uRefawmfu odyfudktvkyfrsm;
                            f                                  kd                     h
        tpd;k &r[kwaomtzGUJ tpnf;wpfcjk zpfonfh tif'e;D &Sm;&JwyfzUJG apmifMh unfa&;tzGUJ tBu;D tuJewyde;f uajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                           D                                                                                 f            f kf kf
                                                                                                                                                                             BudK;pm;vsu&NdS yD; w½kwtodi;t0di;                 vGef;NyD; a&G;p&mvnf; wtm;enf;
                vmbfay;vmbf,lrIEIef;jrifhrm;aom tif'dkeD;&Sm;onf Transparency International tzGJU\ 2011 ckEpf                       S                                        utm;vHk;udk vufoifhcHonfawmh                       vSw,f}}[k a*gifuajymMum;onf/
        vmbfpm;rIavhvmcsufnTef;udef;t& trSwf 3 owfrSwfcHxm;&onf/                                                                                                             r[kwfay/ t&G,ftpm;BuD;rm;aom                              tcsKdUuvnf; rdrd\ydkifqkdifrI
                tqkdygnTef;udef;t& trSwf 10 owfrSwfcH&ygu vmbfay;vmbf,lrIvHk;0uif;&Sif;onf[kqkdEkdifNyD;                                                                     azmfjyyg Billboard BuD;udk Mo*kwv          f       udkaMunmNyD; cspfol&SmazGjcif;onf
        trSwfoknowfrSwfcH&ygu vmbfay;vmbf,lrItvGefqdk;&Gm;onf[kowfrSwfonf/                                                                                                   23 &uf a eYu usa&muf c J h a om                    tcspftay:xm;onfh oabmxm;
                                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                             w½kw½;dk &mcspjf cif;w&m;aeYuwnf;u                      f                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                rrSeaMumif; qefYusia0zefMuonf/
  Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                       FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                          VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     39



awmtkyftwGif;aqmufrnfUqnfaMumifU xkdif;wGifusm;rsKd;wkH;Ekdif[k                                                                                                              WWF                owday;
befaumuf? Mo*kwf 30
          wGifvuf&Sdwnfaqmufrnf[ktqdkjyKxm;aomqnfaMumifh xkdif;EkdifiHtaemufydkif;&Sd obm0O,smOf
    k
  xdi;f   rsm; a&vTrf;rdk;oGm;Ekdif&mawmtkyftwGif;aeusm;rsm;twGuf Ncdrf;ajcmufrItopfjzpfaMumif; AFP
owif;wpf&yfu azmfjyxm;onf/
                                          k                  d f
     jrefrmEkdifiHESifh e,fedrdwfxdpyf tqdygusm;rsm;twGuf pk;&dr&aMumif; aygufav;awGudk apmifha&SmufaewJh
vsuf&Sdaom tqdkyga'o&Sd qnf ukvor*¾vufatmufcH wd&pämef tcsdeftpmyrmPrsm;rsm;vdktyfwm
            k        S f
aqmufrnf[owfrw&mae&mem;wGif xdef;odrf;a&;tzGJU WWF uxkwjf yef rdkY r,fa0gifcavmif;awmtkyfa'o
usm;rsm;udk uifr&maxmifacsmufrS owday;jcif;jzpfonf/                                          dk f
                                                                         awG[m olwYdkukd trJvuom;aumif
wpfqifh "mwfyHk½dkuf,lEkdifxm;&m            ]]txl;ojzifh usm;[m taumif &SmzdkYtqifajyapygw,f}} [k WWF


       U
   urÇmpGrf;aqmif&nftjrifUqHk; tBuD;pm;uGefysLwmudk
   IBM rdwfquf                                                                                                                              rS om;½dkif;xdef;odrf;onfh ynm&Sif                  xdkif;EkdifiHwGifusm;aumifa&
                                                                                                                                            &rfemygzGef*sefygu ajymMum;onf/             oHk;&matmufomusefawmhNyD; a'o
e,l;a,muf? Mo*kwf 28
                                                                                                                                                           k       d
                                                                                                                                                    usm;wdYonf tqkyga'otwGi;f                f d f H          f       kd d f
                                                                                                                                                                                        wGi;Ekiirsm;wGivnf; tif'csKi;em;
         IBM uk r Ü P D o nf vuf & S d                    oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; IBM \wm0ef&dS          vkyfief;oHk; uGefysLwmuGef&ufrsm;       &Sd awm0ufESifhorifrsm;udk t"du             usm;rsKd;rsm;rsKd;wkH;rnfhjyóem BuHK
urÇ m h p G r f ; aqmif & nf t jrif h q H k ; ES i f h    olrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                      twGuf acwfa&SUajy;aom tBuD;pm;          xm;zrf;,lpm;oHk;jcif;jzpfMuonf/             aeMu&onf/ usm;w&m;r0ifa&mif;
enf;ynmydkif;tjrifhrm;qHk;jzpfaom                                          dS
                                                                  vuf&urÇmwpfvm;übPfrsm;?
                                                                                        T           uGefysLwmwpfcktjzpfomru r[m                              kd        kd f
                                                                                                                                                    ]]qnfuomaqmufvur,fqkd               0,folwdkYonf wkdif;&if;aq;tjzpf
¤if;wdYk \tBuD;pm;uGeysLwm (Main-
                               f                                         k
                                                          ta&mif;qdiBf uD;rsm;uJoYkd ajrmufjrm;
                                                                                      h             tcsuftvufacwf (Age of Big               &if wd&pämefawGudk ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm        a&mif;csMuonf/
frames) rsm;udk Mo*kwv 28 &ufaeY f                        pGmaom pD;yGm;a&;tkyfpkrsm;onf            Data) \acwfopfa&mif;a&;0,fwm            atmifatmifjrifjrif xdef;odrf;apmifh                 usm;aumifa&usqif;vm&jcif;
u pwifyGJxkwfrdwfqufcJh&m ,if;                            aps;0,folrsm;udk 0efaqmifrIay;&ef         yHkpHopfrsm;twGuf zGHUNzdK;rIwpf&yf[k   a&Smufxm;cJhwm tvum;jzpfoGm;                                  d f
                                                                                                                                                                                        rSm ¤if;wdYk aexki&m awmrsm;jyKef;vm
tBuD;pm;rsm; uGefysLwm\ rdkuf                             tBuD;pm;uGefysLwmrsm;udk toHk;jyK         qdEiaMumif; tar&duef½yaA'toif;
                                                                                                        k kd f                l             awmhr,f}}[k &rfemyguajymMum;onf/            jcif;? w&m;r0ifcdk;zrf;cHae&jcif;ESifh
   k
c½dya&mfqufqm tjrefEe;onf 5.5      I f                    vsuf&SdMuonf/ xduoYkd tifwmeufrS
                                                                               k hJ                 u ¤if;wdkY\tifwmeufpmrsufESm            ]]'Dawmh qnfudk&yfrvm;? usm;awG             usm;rsm;zrf;pm;onfh owå0grsm;
GHz &SdNyD; urÇmhtjrefqHk; pGrf;aqmif                     aiGvTJjcif;? aps;0,fjcif;wdkYtygt0if      wGif a0zefoHk;oyfxm;onf/                qHk;½IH;cHrvm;qdkwmudka&G;Mu&r,f}}          &Sm;vmjcif;wdkYjzpfaMumif; WWF u
EIef;jzpfonf/                                             0efaqmifrIrsm;udk ydkrdktqifajyacsm                  qufydkifvif;cefY(aq;-2)      [k ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/                  axmufjyxm;onf/
         ,cif & S d N yD ; om; tBuD ; pm;                            H JG kd f k
                                                          arGUpGm pDrcefYcEiap½HrQru aps;0,f
     f
uGeysLwmrsm;xuf 25 &mcdiEe; ydrkd      k f I f k          olrsm;\0,f,laomtavhtusifh
jrefqefNyD; IBM \rsK;qufopftcsuf
tvufpifwmjzpfaom zEnterprise
                            d                             (Buying Habits) rsm;udkyg tcsuf
                                                          tvufrsm;pGmpkpnf;í cGJjcrf;pdwfjzm
                                                                                                                               f                  f kd
                                                                                                     qD;&D;,m;tpd;k &tay: tD*spor®w\a0zefcsuurauseyfí
EC 12 tBuD;pm;qmAmESifh csdwfquf                          NyD; aps;0,folwpfOD;csif;pD\ vdktyf
íuGeysLwmuGe&ufwpfcpü oH;pGol
       f                f
rsm;udk ajrmufjrm;pGmaom tcsuf
                                    k D k J               csufrsm;ESifh ydkrdkudkufnDaom 0ef
                                                          aqmifrIrsm;tjzpf ajymif;vJzefwD;
                                                                                                     qD;&D;,m;udk,fpm;vS,frsm;aqG;aEG;yGJrS xGufoGm;
tvufrsm;xJrS vsifjrefpGm&SmazGEdkif                       Edkifap&efyg ¤if;wdkY\ armf',fvf          wD[D&ef? Mo*kwf 30
jcif;? tao;pdwf tcsuftvufrsm;                             topfuGefysLwmBuD;u ulnDay;Edkif                  tD&efEkdifiHwGifusif;yvsuf&Sd                               k f    f
                                                                                                                                            aMumifh qD;&D;,m;ud,pm;vS,rsm; aqG;         aMumif;? ,if;uJhodkYaom qD;&D;,m;
txd vsifjrefpGm qufvuf&SmazGEdkif                         onf[k IBM uqdkonf/                        aom bufrvkdufvIyf&Sm;rIEkdifiHrsm;             JS G fG
                                                                                                                                            aEG;yGrxucmoGm;aMumif; t,fv*sm        f     jynfolrsm;tay:xm;aom udk,f
jcif;? zdkift&G,ftpm; tvGefBuD;rm;                                              f
                                                                  owif;tcsutvufenf;ynm              xdyfoD;aqG;aEG;yGJwGif qD;&D;,m;ü       ZD;,m;owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/                csif;pmw&m;udk qD;&D;,m;jynfolwdkY
                      I       d kd
aom 0efaqmifrrsm;&&SEijf cif;? tcsuf                                   I            G
                                                          0efaqmifre,fy,fwif tBuD;rm;qH;      k     jzpfym;aeaom y#dyu©rsm;ESiywfouf
                                                                                                         G                      hf                          dS f l D
                                                                                                                                                     zdEyoq;&D;,m;tpk;&ukqefYd d        vdkvm;csufrsm; xif[yfaom'Drdk
tvuf vHkNcHKa&;tvGefjrifhrm;jcif;                         uG e f y sLwmuk r Ü P D B uD ; IBM \      í qD;&D;,m;tpkd;&udk tD*spfor®w         usif í qD ; &D ; ,m;jynf o l r sm;ud k                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                        ua&pDpepfoYkd Nidr;csrf;pGm ul;ajymif;
         h
ponft&nftaoG;rsm;jzifh ulnay;                 D           tqdkygxkwfukefopfonf pD;yGm;a&;           rk[mrufarmfqu jypfwifa0zefjcif;
                                                                                                      d              D                      axmufcHjcif;onf usifh0wfykdif;qkdif         Ekdifa&;[laom EkdifiHa&;&nfrSef;csuf
                                                                                                                                            &mwm0ef y if j zpf o nf [ k tqd k y g       tjzpf ajymif;vJyHkazmfoGm;&rnfjzpf

tmqD,Hrl;,pfaq;0g;uif;rJUZkef taumiftxnfazmfrnf                                                                                             aqG;aEG;yGJrdefYcGef;wGif tD*spfor®w
                                                                                                                                              k
                                                                                                                                            rd[mrufarmfqu ajymMum;vkujf cif;
                                                                                                                                            jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                     D          d
                                                                                                                                                                                        aMumif; tD*spor®wopfu ajymMum;
                                                                                                                                                                                        onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      f

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k fG
                                                                                                                                                                                               tD*spor®wopf\tqdygrdeYce;f
befaumuf? Mo*kwf 29                                                                                                                                  vGwfvyfrIESifhw&m;rQwrIudk                             k hf
                                                                                                                                                                                        onf qD;&D;,m;tpd;&ESi¤if;\r[m
                 H              h
          a&TBwd*a'ouJoYkd urÇmr;,pf            h l       olrsm;uvnf; csdwfqufvkyfaqmif             aq;0g;qufpyfw&m;cH ajcmufaomif;         vd k v m;íwk d u f y G J 0 if a eMuaom      rdwf tD&efudkvnf; pdwfroufrom
aq;0g;&if;jrpfwpfck&Sd&m tmqD,H                           vmrIrsm;t&Sdefjrihfvmonf/                 ig;axmifzrf;qD;cJh&NyD; vlav;odef;      qD;&D;,m;jynfolrsm;ESifh tjynfh             jzpfapaMumif; t,fvf*sm;ZD;,m;
a'owGif;wGif rl;,pfaq;uif;rJhZkef                                 xkdif;EkdifiHwpfEkdifiHwnf;wGif   cefY aq;jzwfpcef;a&mufaeonf[k           t0wpf o m;wnf ; &S d a Mumif ; ud k         owif;axmuf tDr&efcefu owif;
tjzpf oHk;ESpftwGif; owfrSwfrnf                           NyD;cJhonfh 10 vtwGif;u rl;,pf            xkdif;&JcsKyfutwnfjyKonf/               rd r d w d k Y t m;vH k ; aMunm&rnf j zpf   ay;ydkYxm;onf/
                   d f
jzpfaMumif; xki;owif;Xme MCOT
u azmfjyxm;onf/
                       f
          2015 wGitNyD;owfrwEi&ef            S f dk f
jyKvyrnfjzpf&m tqdygESponf ASEAN
       kf                     k f
pD;yGm;a&;todkuftNrHKtjzpfw&m;0if
                                                              ylwifqefhusifa&;oDcsif;qdkonfU yefhcfa&mUcf*Dw0dkif;olrsm;axmifus
owfrSwfrnfhumvvnf;jzpfonf/                                    armfpudk? Mo*kwf 29
                    df
rl;,pfaq;0g;qki&mudprsm;aqmif&uae ö                 G f                                                                                ½k&Sm;wGif wwd,tBudrf or®woufwrf;tjzpf jyefvnfa&G;aumufcH&onfh
Muaom ASEAN 0efBuD;XmetoD;                                                                                                      or®wAvmwDrmylwifudk rESpfoufqefYusifMuolrsm;&Sd&m yefYcfa&mhcfrdef;uav;
                           hf
oD;rS0efBuD;rsm;ESitmqD,taxGaxG            H                                                                                    aw;*Dw0dkif; Pussy Riot onfvnf; tygt0ifjzpfNyD; ¤if;wdkYu ylwifudk½Iwfcsaom
          f
twGi;a&;rSL;wdYk NrdKUawmfbefaumuf                                                                                                                 hf                                    f hJ
                                                                                                                                aw;oDcsif;rsm;ESio½kyjf ytEkynmazmfusL;rIrsm;jyKvkyc&m aw;*Dw0di;olo;OD;udkk f kH
wGif Mo*kwfv 31 &ufaeYü awGUMu                                                                                                  w&m;½H;u axmif'Pf 2ESpcsrwvuaMumif; AP owif;wpf&yfuazmfjyxm;onf/
                                                                                                                                        k                      f S f kd f
                         f
NyD; owif;tcsutvufEihf tjrifrsm;         S                                                                                                S
                                                                                                                                       ½k&m;vlYtcGita&;aumifpu tqdygtEkynm&Sire;uav;oH;OD;udk zrf;qD;
                                                                                                                                                      hf             D     k                 f d f       k
zvS,fMuonf[k xkdif;rl;,pfxdef;                                                                                                  axmifcsonfhtrItwGuf w&m;½Hk;udk ar;cGef;xkwfxm;onf/ &mZ0wfaMumif;t&
     f
csKya&;tzGUJ rS twGi;f a&;rSL;&JcsKyt'lqef    f                                                                                         J kd S               d                             f         h
                                                                                                                                w&m;pGq&efrm Oya'csK;azmufaomtjyKtrlrsm;twGuomjzpfoifaMumif; vlYtcGihf
qifau;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                            ta&;aumifpDuxkwfjyefcJhonf/ vlYtcGifhta&;aumifpD\tzGJU0ifrsm;uvnf;
          ASEAN EkdifiHrsm;tcsif;csif;                                                                                                          H        d f       k           f D                  d h d
                                                                                                                                axmif'Pfusc&olre;uav;oH;OD;teuf ESpO;rSm uav;i,frsm;&Sonfrcifrsm;jzpf
aygif;pnf;vkyfaqmifrIwdk;jr§ihfa&;ESifh                                                                                         onfhtwGuf ¤if;wdkYjypf'Pfudk a&TUqdkif;rIvkyfoifhaMumif; wdkufwGef;ao;onf/
2015 trDrl;,pfaq;uif;&Sif;aom                                                       k       k f
                                                                    NrdKUawmfarmfpud\atmoda'ghpc&pf,mefbk&m;ausmif;BuD;wGif yefYcfqkawmif;yGJacgif;pOfjzifh AvmwDrmylwifqefYusifa&; tEkynmo½kyfjyyGJrsm;
                           df
ASEAN aMunmEkia&;wdYkukd ASEAN                                jyKvkyfcJh&m bmoma&;udkxdcdkufNyD; qdk;oGrf;vli,frsm;aoG;xdk;rIjzifh Oya'csKd;azmufonf[laomjypfcsufjzifh tzrf;cH&jcif;jzpfonf/
  dfH
EkiitoD;oD;rSwm0ef&orsm;aqG;aEG;    dS l                            Pussy Riot rsm; w&m;½Hk;wGif trI&ifqdkiftcsKyfcHxm;&pOf ¤if;wdkYudktm;ay;olrsm;u qE´jyyGJrsm;jyKvkyfcJhNyD; EdkifiHwumvlYtcGifhta&;wuf<uvIyf
cJhMuonf/ jrefrm? vmtdkESifhxkdif;                                             f      G
                                                              &Sm;olrsm;u ½IwcsuefYuujf cif;rsm; jyKvkyMf uonf/ ½k&m;atmfoa'ghpc&pf,mefausmif;awmfuvnf; tqdygrde;uav;rsm;udk vGwNf idr;csrf;omcGiay;
                                                                                                                     S       kd f                                         k f                          f          hf
                dH
e,fpyf a&TBw*a'owGif rl;,pfaq;0g;                             &ef pmxkwfawmif;qdkxm;onf/ EdkifiHa&;ESifhtrsKd;orD;tcGifhta&;uJaom yefYcfoDcsif;Murf;rsm;ESifhemrnfBuD;aom Pussy Riot onf 2011 wGif
        f k f I d
xkwvyrrsm;&Saejcif;ESihf pyfvsOf;í                            pwifwnfaxmifcJhaom *Dw0dkif;jzpfonf/
  d f H
Ekiiwum rl;,pfaq;0g;azmufum;
    40
    VOICE
  The

                    FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                        Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012




qGpfZmvefjyefuif*sHKtef uGefjrLepfwkdif;jynfukd ajymif;vJay;rSmvm;
   f
cRex;l [ef
,cifwpfywfrStquf -                          rsKd ;jzifh jyefvnf0ifa&mufaqG;aEG;vm             cspfpzG,fZeD;acsmav;ESifhtwlaeum
                     dk D
        ajrmufu&;,m;taMumif;ajym            Ekdifatmif aoG;aqmifacsmhjr§L&onfh                ukd,fhukd,fukd,f azsmfajzaeonf}
vQif tdrfeD;csif; w½kwfjynfukd csef         tvkyfyifjzpfonf/                                  [l\/ uif*sKH tefwpfa,muf vkyoifh     f
xm;cJhírjzpfay/ txl;ojzifh ,ck                          rMumao;cif Mo*kwfvv,f                 vkyfxkdufonfrsm;ukdrvkyfbJ ukd,f
]uif} rsdK;quf acgif;aqmifopf               ydkif;u uif*sHKtef\ OD;&D;jzpfol *sef             a&;ukd,fwmudpörsm;jzifh tcsdefjzKef;
uif*Reftefvufxuf jyKjyifajymif;             aqmifwdwfESifh w½kwftpdk;&t&m&Sd                  aeonfhoabmrsdK; a&;om;jcif;jzpf
               f
vJa&;vkyrnf[l aomtoHrsm; xGuf               BuD;rsm;tMum;awGUqkHaqG;aEG;cJhMu                 onf/ tef*sDtkdrsm;\ tpD&ifcHcsuf
                   ö
aeonfhudpwGif avhvmtuJcwfol                 onf/ olwkdY\ aqG;aEG;rIonf ESpf                   rsm;t& ajrmufukd&D;,m;wGif pm;eyf
trsm;pku w½kwfjynfykHpHrsdK;jzpfvm          EkdifiHtMum; pD;yGm;a&;oabmwlnDrI                       ©              IS
                                                                                              &dum jywfvyfrrmtifrwefq;dk &Gm;onfh
rnf[kyifqkdMuygonf/                         rsm;ESifh tay;t,lrsm;ykdrkdvkyfukdifEkdif                     h                dS
                                                                                              tqifoYkdyifa&muf&aeNyDjzpfygonf/
        orkdif;aMumif;ukd Munfhrnfqkd       a&;twGuf yPmrawGUqkr[k avhvm    HI                            jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;vkyfrnf[k
ygu w½kwfEkdifiHonf EkdifiHwum              apmifhMunfholtrsm;pkutuJjzwfMu                    xif r S w f x m;aom uif * sH K tef \
tjrifwGif ajrmufukd&D;,m;tay:               onf/ tcsdKUuqkdvQif uif*sHKtef                    vykdif;rQom&Sdao;onfh &mxl;ouf
tawmftwef vTrf;rkd;Ekdifaom EkdifiH         ab*sif;okdY cspfMunfa&;c&D;oGm;                   wrf;wGif xl;jcm;wkd;wufaumif;rGef
jzpfcJhonf/ tar&duefOD;aqmifaom             a&mufEkdifa&;twGuf OD;&D;jzpfolu                  rIrsm;&Sd? r&Sdqef;ppfMunfhrnfqkdygu
                 S     f dk f
taemufEihf xdywuy#dyu©jzpfonfh                                         h G
                                            a&SUajy;oabmjzifom;a&mufawGUqkH                   r&SdoavmufyifjzpfonfukdawGU&yg
udpörsm;? tm&StdrfeD;csif; *syef?           rIrsm;jyKvkyfjcif;jzpfonf[kqkdonf/                rnf/ EsLuvD;,m;ESifh 'kH;usnfvuf
           dk D              d
awmifu&;,m;tp&SonfwYdkEihf &efp    S        uif*sHKteftaejzifh w½kwfjynfokdY                  euftpDtpOfrsm;ukdawmh qufvuf
tjiif;yGm;onfh ta&;udptawmfrsm;ö            oGm;NyD; pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrI             wkd;csJUvkyfukdifaeqJyif jzpfonf/
rsm;wGif w½kwjf ynf\ tcef;u@rSm             qdkif&m enf;emrsm;ESifh tBuHaumif;?               tqkdygvufeuftpDtpOfrsm; vkH;0
omrefanmifnoabmrsKd ;awmhr[kwf              ÚmPf a umif ; rsm;&,l v d r h f r nf [ k          &yfqkdif; okdYr[kwf qkdif;iHhrnfh t&dyf
ay/ EsLuvD;,m;vufeufjzKwfor;          d f                  dk D
                                            ajrmufu&;,m;taMumif; pdw0ifpm;            f       ta,mif r sd K ;vk H ; 0rawG U &ao;ay/
a&;qkdif&m ajcmufEkdifiHaqG;aEG;yGJrsm;     olrsm;uxifrSwfMuonf/ okdYaomf                     ol\vufxufwGif xl;jcm;onf[k
rSmvnf; w½kwfjynfu wufMuGpGm                      d              S f
                                            xkoYdkxifrwxm;onftwki;jzpfvm   h df                   d dk f
                                                                                              qkEiaomta&;udpBö uD;wpf&yfawmh
OD;aqmifvkyfukdifay;rIaMumifh xGuf          zkdYuenf;ygonf/ zcifBuD;uif*sHKtD                 xGufay:cJhygonf/ jynfolvlxkESifh
ay:vm&jcif;jzpfonf/ qkd&vQif                vufxufuvnf; w½kwfjynfokdY                         wkdif;jynfpD;yGm;a&;wkd;wufaumif;              ESifhywfoufí pdwfauseyfrIr&Sdaom                               aemufjyefqGJonfhykHpHrsdK;vkyf,l&efrSm
ajrmufukd &D;,m;ESihfoufqkdifaom            rD;&xm;jzifh rMumcPqkdovkdoGm;                         f D
                                                                                              rGe&efO;wnfonfupawmhr[kwyg/h dö        f       AkdvfcsKyfBuD;rsm;&Sdaeonf[lonhf                               vG,fulrnfr[kwfay/ avhvmqef;
y#d y u© r sm;wG i f w½k w f j ynf u k d    a&mufNyD; w½kwfacgif;aqmifrsm;ESifh               ajrmufukd&D;,m;ppfwyf\ xdyfwef;                oabmrsdK;ukdawGUjrifEkdifygonf/                                ppfcsufwpf&yft& ajrmufukd&D;,m;
ckorm"dy*Kd¾ vfwpfO;tjzpfyif trsm;pk
  H          k             D                pD ; yG m ;a&;ES i f h t jcm;ta&;ud p ö r sm;     acgif;aqmif AkdvfcsKyfBuD;&D,Gef[kd;ukd           d
                                                                                                                                             qkygu uif*sHKtef\ vky&yfrm cuf              f S                rS xGufajy;vmol 60 &mckdifEIef;rSm
u taumif;jrifavh&SdaeNyDjzpfonf/                    d f hJ
                                            wkiyifc&m w½kwjf ynftwki; jyKjyif    d f                                  dk
                                                                                              &mxl;rSjzKwfypfvujf cif;yifjzpfonf/            xefMurf;wrf;NyD; ajrmufukd&D;,m;                               NyHK,rf;tpdk;&\ &m&Sifpepfr[kwfbJ
w½kwfjynf rpGrf;aqmifEkdifonfrsm;           ajymif;vJrIrsm;vkyfvmawmhrnf[l                    AkdvfcsKyfBuD;&D,Gef[kd; &mxl;rStjzKwf         ppfwyfxJrS wefjyefpdefac:rIrsdK;xGuf                           tjcm;aomenf;vrf;rsm;jzifh pm;eyf
&Sdaeonf[laomtcsufukd oabm                  onfhrSwfcsufrsdK; rMumcPqkdovkd                   cHvkduf&onfhjzpf&yfukdMunfhvQif                                               D d f
                                                                                                                                             vmatmifzefw;vkuonfh vky&yfrsKd ;                   f           &du©m&SmazGMuolrsm;jzpfMuonf/
aygufem;vnfMuolenf;aeygao;                  xGufay:cJhonf/ okdYaomf xifrSwf                   jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;orm;[k txifcH               yifjzpfygonf/                                                  w&m;0ifESifh w&m;r0ifarSmifckdaps;
onf/ w½kwfonf ajrmufudk&D;,m;               xm;ovkd jyKjyifajymif;vJrrsdK; pk;pOf;
                                                                               I d            xm;&ol uif*sHKtefonf uGefjrLepf                               okdYtwGufaMumifh olYtaejzifh                    uGufwkdYukdvnf; aumif;pGmod&Sdem;
twG u f jAL½k d u &uf t &m&S d O D ; a&     rQyif xGuay:rvmcJay/ pm;eyf&um
                                                               f         h              d ©   wk d i f ; jynf \ tmPmt&S d q k H ; ES i f h   zcifjzpfoluJhokdY tqkH;pGefaomtm                               vnfMuonf/
axmifaomif;ru avhusifhoifMum;               rzlvkHrI? a&m*gb,jzpfyGm;rIponfh                  oabmxm;twif;rmqk;aom ppfwyf     H                                     dk f hJ
                                                                                                                                             PmrsKd ;&,lEiconfqvQiaomfvnf;            dk f                          xkdYtwltjcm;aom 21&mpk\
ay;aeonfjzpfaomfvnf; ]uif} rsdK;                             d       d
                                            owif;qk;rsm;ukom qufwuMf um;           dk         \xdyfydwfae&mukd r&&onfhenf;                                      d f
                                                                                                                                             oufBuD;yki;acgif;aqmifrsm;? ppfAvf                     dk      acwfrDtokH;taqmif ypönf;rsm;
quf rdom;pk\ tmPm&Siqefaom       f          cJ h & onf / ,ck om;awmf a rmif                   jzifh t&,l&ef BudK;yrf;aeonfrSm                                                 H Hk
                                                                                                                                             csKyfBuD;rsm;xHrS pkv;uef;oabmjzifh                            vnf; ajrmufukd&D;,m;okdY wpfpESifh
tkyfcsKyfa&;pepfukd ajymif;vJay;Ekdif       uif*sKH tef\ vwfwavmtajctae                       ay:vGifygonf/ avhvmqef;ppfol                   trdefYemcHrIrsdK;jyKwwfonfh olrsm;                             wpfp0ifa&mufvsuf&Sdonf/ udef;
onfawmhr[kway/ xkYd twl ppfruf
                        f                   ES i f h y wf o uf í Foreign Policy               tcsdKUuawmh uif*sHKtefonf ppfwyf               xGuay:vm&efvtyfygonf/ xkoYdk
                                                                                                                                                      f                        dk                 d         *Pef;rsm;t& ajrmufukd&D;,m;wGif
vkdvm;NyD; &efjyKwwfaom tavht               r*¾ Z if ; u a0zef a &;om;onf r S m               u&SmazGvsuf&Sdonfh aiGaMu;rsm;ukd              ay:xGufvma&;twGuf tkdif'Da,mf                                  rkdbkdif;zkef;okH;ol wpfoef;cefY&SdNyD;
xrsdK;yaysmufoGm;atmifvnf; vkyf                         h dk
                                            tawmfuyifjyif;xefonf[q&rnf/         k dk          ol\ ukd,fykdifpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;uGef           avmf*sDopfxkwfazmf&efvkdonf/ okdY                              tifwmeufokH;olrSm wpfodef;cefY
aqmifEkdifpGrf;r&Sday/ w½kwftaejzifh        ]uif*sHKtefonf aus;vufa'owGif                     &uftwGif;okdY 0ifa&mufatmifBudK;               &mwGifvnf; uif*sHKtefonf tbkd;                                 &S d o nf / aps;uG u f ? rk d b k d i f ; zk e f ; ?
vkyfay;Ekdifwmwpfckawmh&Sdonf/              a&vTrf;rkd;rIrsm;aMumifh jzpfay:ae                yrf;vkdufjcif;jzpfonf[k qkdMuyg                              l S
                                                                                                                                             jzpfoEihf tazjzpfowYdk vufxufu         l                       tifwmeuf tp&SdonfwkdYrSm vlYtzGJU
ajcmufEkdifiH EsLuvD;,m;aqG;aEG;yGJ         onfh jyóemrsm;ESihf 'kua&mufrrsm;©          I     onf/ þtwkdif;omqkdvQif ajrmuf                  vkdrsdK; ]ppfwyftom;ay;? ppfa&;                                tpnf;wGi;okYdwpfBudrwpfacguf 0if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f          f
okdY ajrmufukd&D;,m; ,m,Doabm               uk d o G m ;a&muf a jz&S i f ; &rnf h t pm;       ukd&D;,m; ppfwyftwGif; uif*sHKtef              yxr} [lonfh oabmrsdK;r&Sday/                                                      S
                                                                                                                                                                                                            a&mufvmonfEihf jyefvnftjrpfvef                   S
                                                                                                                                                    dk f dk f
                                                                                                                                             olu,wionfvnf; ppfa&;tawGU                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            armif;xkw&efrnfoYdkrQrvG,uaom       f l
                                                                                                                                             tBuHKr&Sday&m zcifjzpfol\ ppfwyf                               t&mrsm;yifjzpfonfr[kwfygavm/
             f   S Uf         l k l
        t,fvau'gEiywfoufo[,q&aomuifnmtpGe;f a&muf                                                                                            OD;pm;ay; tkdif'D,mrsdK; ykHwlul;NyD;
                                                                                                                                             tkyfcsKyf&ef vG,fulrnfr[kwfay/
                                                                                                                                                                                                            qkdygu ajrmufukd&D;,m;onf vrf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                            qkHvrf;cGr[kwfbJ vrf;qkH;ae&modkY
                                                                                                                                             ajym&vQif uif*sHKtefonf zcifjzpf                               a&mufaeNyDjzpfygonf/ rmausmcuf
           f                                H
        rGwqvifbmoma&;acgi;f aqmif aoewfypfc&íaoqH;k                                                                                         ol\ ½kyfykdif;qkdif&mykHpHrsm;jzpfonfh
                                                                                                                                             t&yfyy?k AkuyyEihf armfpwe;0wfpHk
                                                                                                                                                             k d f l l S                  D k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                            xefonfh tkdif'Da,mfavmf*sDusifhokH;
                                                                                                                                                                                                            &efenf;vrf;&Smaeaom acgif;aqmif
        em½dkbD? Mo*kwf 28                                                                                                                   0wfum tm;yg;w& &,farmwwf                                       opf? wjznf;jznf;csif;vGwfvyfvm
                             S
                ukvor*¾Eihf tar&duefwYku qdrmvD,mEdii&dS t,fvau'gtzGUJ t,fv&mbwfEitquftpyf&onf[k
                                             d   k       kfH           f                 fS      S hf        dS                              olrsdK;jzpfatmifomvkyf,lxm;jcif;                               aomvlYtzGJUtpnf;ESifh BudwfrEkdifcJ
        pGyfpGJcHxm;&aom uifnmtpGef;a&mufrGwfqvifbmoma&;acgif;aqmif Aboud Rogo Mohammed rSm                                                  jzpfonf/ okdYaomf ,cktcsdefonf                                 r&jzpfaeonfh ppfwyf tp&Sdonfh
        aoewfypfcH&íaoqHk;oGm;aMumif; t,fvf*smZD;,m;owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                  ajrmufukd&D;,m;jynfolrsm; trSef                                uGefjrLepfEkdifiHawmfü yg0ifywfouf
                uifnmEdkifiHurf;½dk;wef;NrdKUwpfckjzpfaom rGrfbmqmNrdKUü uifnmtpGef;a&mufrGwfqvifbmoma&;                                     wu,f,kHMunfukd;pm;avmufonfh                                    aeonfh trsdK;tpm;okH;rsdK;wkdY [ef
        acgif;aqmif armif;ESifvmaomum;udk aemufum;wpfpif;u ab;csif;,SOfvsuf aoewfESifh ypfcwfoGm;jcif;                                       tkdif'D,mopfwpfck rjzpfraecsrSwf                               csufnDnDa&SUquf&efrSmvG,fulrnf
        aMumifh aoqHk;oGm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;\ZeD;jzpfol [efeD&mqmtpfu ajymMum;onf/                                                                   dk
                                                                                                                                             &efvtyfcsdejf zpfNyD; jynfyrS zdtm;ESihf                       r[kwfay/ tu,fí ajrmufukd&D;
                uifnmbmoma&;acgif;aqmif aoewfESifhypfowfcH&pOfwGif um;ay:ü ¤if;\ZeD;ESifhuav;rsm;vnf;                                        vTrfrkd;rIrsm;ukd wefjyefwkdufxkwf&                            ,m;om tppftrSefjyKjyifajymif;vJ
        twl&aeaMumif; uifnmNrdKUawmf em½db&t,fv*smZD;,m;owif;axmuf yDwm*&ufwu owif;ay;ydYkonf/
                dS                             k D dS     f                                       D                                          rnfhtcsdeftcgjzpfay&m uif*sHKtef                               rIvkyfrnfqkdygu EkdifiHjcm;vTrf;rkd;rI
                uifnmbmoma&;acgif;aqmif Aboud Rogo Mohammed vkyfBuHcH&NyD;aemuf ¤if;udk axmufcHolrsm;                                        twGuf zcifBuD;acgif;aqmifjzpfvm                                rsm;0ifa&mufvmatmif rjzpfrae
        u vrf;rsm;ay:wGif tMurf;zufqE´jyrIrsm; jzpfyGm;cJhonf/                                                                               pOfuvkdrsdK; tppt&m&mvG,ful                                    wHcg;zGifhay;&rnfjzpfovkd vlYtzGJU
                tqdkygqE´jyolrsm;u tpdk;&armfawmf,mOfrsm;tygt0if tjcm;aomarmfawmf,mOfrsm;udkvnf; rD;½dIU                                     acsmarGUrnfr[kwfay/ uGefjrLepf                                 tpnf;ukdvnf; arQmfvifhcsufrsm;zef
        zsufqD;rIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhNyD; tenf;i,fxdef;r&aom tajctaewGif&Sdonf[k tqdkygowif;axmufu ajym                                               d f              S J
                                                                                                                                             wki;jynfr&abmf&bufrsm; pnf;vk;       J                    H    wD ; ay;&rnf o myif / ok d Y twG u f
        Mum;onf/                                                                                                                             nDnGwfa&;[lonfrSmvnf; uif*sHK                                  aMumifh qGpfZmvefjyef uif*sHKtef
                xdYk jyif aoewfEiypfcwfc&aom tpGe;a&mufrwqvif bmoma&;acgif;aqmif rMumcP w&m;a[m
                                S hf       H           f      G f                                                                            teftwGuf rjzpfraexnfhoGif;pOf;                                 vufxuf ajrmufukd&D;,m;jyKjyif
        Mum;aom AvDteD;&Sdvrf;rsm;udk qE´jyolrsm;u ydwfyifxm;cJhonf/                                                                         pm;&rnfhudpjö zpfonf/ wpfzufwGif                               ajymif;vJa&;[lonfrSm tajymouf
                qE´jyolrsm;udkvlpkcGJ&ef &JwyfzGJUu rsuf&nf,dkAHk;rsm;jzifh ypfcwfcJhaMumif;udkvnf; ½dkufwmowif;wGif                         aES ; auG ; pG m yif yG i f h v if ; vmonf h                   oufrQomjzpfaeygOD;rnf/
        azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                                        ajrmufukd&D;,m;vlYtzGJUtpnf;tm;                                                           cRefxl;[ef
                                                                                                                                             tppt&m&mwif;Muyfxm;NyD; acwf                                                       Ref: Foreign Policy
   Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012
                                                                                                     FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                            The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          41




tm;vkH;twGuf tusKd;,kwfaprnfU awmifw½kwfyifv,f y#dyu©
wifat;ausmf
                      v,f Gi wif;
   awmif w½kw;yGfymif;p&mrsw;ukf om arGrmrIrwsm;rSy;vsu&onf/vsufi&af Sdonf/ enf;wfESi[xifUawmifvm&S;Eþwif;rmrIrsm;onf½ky#dyfyu©v,fwxadif;ü&mufoamG jrykidd iouftajctaersdiK;dfaukvnfqkawGerIae&onf/
         tjiif             m d          ;xk a  f
                                                   mwkd;íomjzpf
                                                         f dS   jzpfEdk jct&
                                                                             w½k     fhta&S
                                                                                 onf k &aomf nf
                                                                                               t kdifiHtcsKdU\awmifw w if
                                                                                                                               tqifh
                                                                                                                                     G      e,f             fe NyKdiftqk wmif; da rsm;onf
                                                                                                                                                    ;Ek f nft  h                 d ; U
                                    dS
            vuf&wif;rmrIaMumifh jzpfvm                                                  wif;rmrIrsm;rSm w½kwfESihf zdvpfykdif     pD&ifydkifcGifh&SdaMumif; yg&SdcJhonf/                   uGef&uf&&Sdatmif taxmuftul                       &ufrsm;ü t"du&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;
   d f
Ekionfh tajctaerSm w½kwfta&SU                                                                                 G h
                                                                                        wkYdtMum;jzpfym;cJonfh Scarborough        AD , uf e rf \ vk y f & yf u d k w½k w f u               ay;Ed k i f c J h o nf / w½k w f t pd k ; &\     twGuf w½kwfESifhqufqHa&;wkd;
awmiftm&SEiirsm;tygt0if ykieuf  dk f H                                          d f     ausmufwef;{&d,mESihf ywfouf               tjyif;txefuefYuGufcJhNyD; tqdkyg                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                           awmifw½kwyifv,f ta&;udptay:            ö         wufaumif;rGefaejcif;uom ydkrdk
                                  S
tjiif;yGm;rIEifh ywfoufjcif;r&Sdaom                                                     aom wif;rmrIjzpfonf/ tqkdyg                 k f
                                                                                                                                  ydieuftjiif;yGm;uRef;rsm; tygt0if                        wHkYjyefrIrsm;u tmqD,HEdkifiHrsm;ESifh           tusKd;&SdEdkifrnfjzpfonf/ w½kwfESifh
ypdzdwfork'´&mtem;owfEkdifiHrsm;                                                        ausmufwef;{&d,mukd w½kwfESihf             Macclesfield urf;ajcESifh pwk&ef;rdkif                   qufqHa&;aumif;rsm; &&Sdxm;rIrsm;                                 H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            qufqa&;tqifrajycJygu txuf                     h
tm;vkH;twGuf qkH;½IH;rIukdom jzpfap                                                     zdvpfykdifomru? w½kwfESihf AD,uf          772ç000 {&d,mtm;vHk;udk w½kwf                            udk xdcdkufoGm;apcJhonf/                         ygaumif;usKd;rsm;udk tEÅ&m,fus
            hf
ygvdrrnf/ ypdzwork'&mtem;owf                  d f ´                                     erfwkdYuvnf; EkdifiHwumrS a&eH            tpd;&u tkycsKyfom;rnfjzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                        k         f      G                                          w½kwfonf a'owGif; EdkifiH               a&mufvmEkdifonf/ ydkíta&;BuD;
  d f H                 k G
Ekiiwpfcwif yg0ifaom tar&du                                                             ukrÜPDrsm;ukd a&eHvkyfcGihfay;&ef         udkvnf; aMunmvdkufonf/ ,if;                              rsm;xJwGif rdwfaqGEdkifiHqdkí tenf;              onfrSm w½kwfESifhydkifeuftjiif;yGm;
twGufvnf; at;csrf;wnfNidrfaom                                                           tNyKdiftqkdifqGJaqmifvsuf&Sdonf/          aMunmcsuf t & awmif w ½k w f                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                           i,favmufom&Sonf/ w½kw0efBuD;         f           aeonfh ta&SUawmiftm&SEkdifiHrsm;
awmifw½kwfyifv,fuom tusKd;                                                              tqkdygtjiif;yGm;rIrsm;ESihf ywfouf        yifv,fwGif;&Sd tjiif;yGm;ydkifeufwGif                    csKyjf zpfvmrnf[k ,lq&aom vuf&dS                 Mum; ppfa&;y#dyu©jzpfyGm;cJhygu
aus;Zl;rsm; aqmifMuOf;ay;Ekdifyg                                                                       dk f S
                                                                                        í zdvpfyiEifh AD,uferfwYdk u vGechJ  f    wpfcktygt0ifjzpfaom 1 'or 5                                                 d
                                                                                                                                                                                           w½kwf 'kw,0efBuD;csKyf vDuusif;          D       tar&d u ud k y g ppf a &;y#d y u© x J
vdrfhrnf/                                                                                            df           f h
                                                                                        aom vyki;u usi;ycJonfh tmqD,H             uDvrwm&Sonfh Sansha qef&muRe;
                                                                                                                                          kd D d                     S       f             u ]]urÇmhyg0gtqifh&Sdaom w½kwf                   qGJoGif;cJhvQif tvGefBuD;rm;aom
            ,ckuoYdk wif;rmrIjyif;xefaehJ                                               EkdifiH0efBuD;rsm;tqihf aqG;aEG;yGJwGif                            S f
                                                                                                                                  pkukd NrdKUtjzpfowfrwí a'otpd;&          k               EdkifiHtqifajyacsmarGUpGmjzpfvm&ef                                    d G         d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tEÅ&m,fujkzpfym;apEkijf cif;yifjzpfonf/
aom tcsdefumvwGif ykdifeuftjiif;                                                        tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;\ oabmxm;                          k
                                                                                                                                  wpfczUJG um awmifw½kwyifv,fjyif f                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                           twGuf w½kwonf urÇmEiirsm;ESihfh kd f H                        ukefukefajym&vQif ,if;a'o
                 dk
yGm;rIuajz&Si;&ef tm½kpujf cif;xuf         f               H dk                         xkwfjyefaMunm&ef BuKd;yrf;cJhaomf         udk apmifhMunfhoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;                        yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf&ef oabmxm;&Sd                 ü y#dyu©rsm;jrifhrm;aejcif;onf
oHwrefa&;enf;vrf;rsm;ukom t"du                                    d                     vnf; ratmifjrifcJhay/ ,ckuJhokdY          aMunmcJhonf/ qef&SmuRef;pkwGif                           onf[lí urÇmhEdkifiHrsm;udk xif&Sm;               urÇmhEkdifiHrsm;udkvnf; tusKd;,kwf
                     f
xm;oihonf/ awmifw½kwfyifv,f                                                                        H dk f H
                                                                                        tmqD,Eiirsm;tm;vk;H \ oabmxm;             ½Hk;pdkufrnfh NrdKUawmf0efwpfOD;ESifh                                             h
                                                                                                                                                                                           atmif jyooifonf}} [k ajymMum;                    aprnfjzpfonf/ txl;ojzifh awmif
                              f
ta&;ajz&Si;&mwGif oHwreftaeESihf                                                        aMunmcsuf rxkwfjyefEkdifcJhonfrSm         vTwfawmftrwfrsm;udkyif w½kwf                             cJhonf/ ¤if;ajymMum;onf h Nid r f ;              w½kwfyifv,fa&vrf;aMumif;udk
wif;rmrIjzihf awmufavmifaeaom                                                           tmqD,HtzGJU\ 45ESpf oufwrf;               tpdk;&u a&G;cs,fcefYtyfxm;NyD;jzpf                       csrf;aomw½kwfEdkifiHtjzpf urÇmh                  toHk;jyKae&aomEkdifiHrsm;? ypdzdwf
tylukdavQmhcs&ef t"dutm;xkwf                                                            twGif; yxrqkH;tBudrfyifjzpfonf/           onf/ xdkYjyif w½kwfjynfolYvGwf                           tv,fwGif ay:xGufvmjcif;onf                                  ´
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ork'&mtem;owfEiirsm;ESihf pD;yGm;  dk f H
        f
oihonf/ ,if;aemuf þa'owGif;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            a&;qufqae&onfEiirsm;twGuf            h dk f H
Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESihf wnfNidrfa&;ckdifrm                                                                                                                                                                                                      tusKd;jzpfxGef;apEkdifrnfr[kwfay/
ap&ef tjiif;yGm;aeonfh EkdifiHrsm;                                                                                                                                                                                                          tcuftcJpdefac:rIrsm;pGmESifh &ifqkdif
tMum; ,kHMunfrIwnfaqmufjcif;                                                                                                                                                                                                                ae&aom urÇmhpD;yGm;a&;rSm aemuf
     df                    ö
qki&m udprsm;ukd taumiftxnfazmf                                                                                                                                                                                                             xyfjzpfvmEkdifonfh raocsmra&&m
&rnfjzpfonf/ tjiif;yGm;zufEkdifiH                                                                                                                                                                                                           rIudk cHEkdifzG,f&Sdrnfr[kwfay/
rsm; aoG;at;oGm;onfhtcgrSom                                                                                                                                                                                                                              obm0o,HZmwrsm;rnfrQ
a&&Snfudpjö zpfaom ykdifeufjyóem?                                                                                                                                                                                                             d               dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            &Sonfqonfukd rodEiaom awmif                dk f
w&m;Oya'ESihf ajz&Sif;&rnfhudpö                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            w½kwyifv,fjyifwif yifv,fjyifrS        G
ponfh jyóemrsm;ajz&Sif;jcif;ukd                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            &&SEiaompD;yGm;a&;tusK;tjrwfxuf                 d
ykdufeuftjiif;yGm;EkdifiHrsm; vkyf                                                                                                                                                                                                          y#dyu©aMumifhqHk;½IH;oGm;rnfh ta&SU
aqmifvmEkdifrnfjzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                     awmiftm&SESihf urÇmhEdkifiHrsm;\
            awmifw½kwyifv,fwi;ü ESpf                f                       Gf                                                                                                                                                              tusKd;pD;yGm;rSmvGefpGmuGmjcm;vsuf&Sd
aygif; 40cefY &SnfMumvSNyDjzpfaom                                                                                                                                                                                                           onf/ awmifw½kwfyifv,fydkifeuf
tjiif;yGm;rIrsm; t&Sdefjrifhvmwkdif;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tjiif;yGm;rIrm ,cktcgwGioufqif                    f       dk
rMumcPjzpfyGm;avh&Sdaom y#dyu©                                                                                                                                                                                                              &mjynfolrsm;\ rsKd;cspfpdwfaMumifh
rsm;u &yfwefYay;jcif;jzihf tajctae                                                                                                                                                                                                          vnf;aumif;? oufqi&mppfwyf\               dk f
                    f f
ukd xde;odr;xm;Ekiconf/ ypdzdwf                     d f hJ                                                                                                                                                                                  ajr§mufyifhay;rIaMumifhvnf;aumif;
          ´
ork'&mwGif w½kwu trSwu;ckyg                           f                    f dk                                                                                                                                                             rD;t&Sdefjrifhvsuf&Sdonf/
aom (Nine-dash line) t*Fvytu©&m                                        df                                                                                                                                                                                awmifw½kwfyifv,fudpwGif                    ö
"U" ykHoP²mef&Sdonfh {&d,mtus,f                                                                                                                                                                                                             oufqkdif&mEkdifiHtm;vHk;taeESifh y#d
t0ef;ukd ¤if;\ykieuftjzpf aMunm                 d f                                             2012 ckESpftwGuf tmqD,H           ajrmuf a &;wyf r awmf u d k v nf ;                       w½kwf\EdkifiHjcm;a&;r[mAsL[m                     yu©acsmufurf;yg;rS aemufodkYqkwf
                         d
awmif;qkvsuf&onf/ ,if;{&d,m                      dS                                     Ouú|&mxl;&,lxm;aom uarÇm'D;,m;            tqdkyguRef;pkwGif wyfpGJxm;rnfjzpf                       rSwwiyifjzpfonf/ odYk aomf w½kwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                  f kd f                                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ekijf cif;onfom tm;vH;udtusK;rsm;            k k      d
t& tjcm;Ekiirsm;ESifh tjiif;yGm;ae        d f H                                           k f H
                                                                                        Ediiu awmifw½kwyifv,f tjiif;
                                                                                                             f                    NyD ; awmif w ½k w f y if v ,f j yif u d k               \vwfwavm vky&yfrsm;rSm ]tajymf                   apEkdifrnfjzpfonf/ ,if;odkYjyKvkyf
aom Paracel ESifh Spratly uRe;rsm;rSm                                       f                   S hf
                                                                                        yGm;rIEiywfoufí tmqD,Eiirsm; H kd f H     apmifhMunfhoGm;rnfjzpfum vdktyfyg                        wpfrsKd; tvkyfwpfrsKd;} om jzpfonf               &efrSm oufqkdif&mEdkifiHrsm;tMum;
               f
w½kw\tcsKyftjcm tmPmykieuf                                                     d f      \ tajccHrlrsm; xkwfjyef&ef jiif;qdk       u umuG,frIrsm; jyKvkyfoGm;rnf[k                          [k tmqD,HEdkifiHrsm;u ½Ijrifvm                   tjyeftvSef,HkMunfrIwnfaqmufrS
twGif;&dSonf[k w½kwfuawmif;qkd                                                          cJhonf/ uarÇm'D;,m;\ vkyf&yfrSm           w½kwftpdk;&u aMunmcJhonf/                                Muonf/                                           omjzpf v mEd k i f o nf / ,ck u J h o d k Y
xm;onf/ xkYjd yif ukvor*¾\ yifv,f                                                       w½kwf\ MoZmvTrf;rdk;rIruif;onf                       wu,fwrf;ajym&vQif                                        awmifw½kwfyifv,fydkifeuf                           f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            w½kwEihf tmqD,Eiirsm;wGiyg0if  H kd f H             f
jyifOya't&vnf; tqkdyguRef;rsm;                                                          rSm xif&Sm;onf/ þwGif aus;Zl;             txufygwif;rmrIrsm;rSm w½kwf                              tjiif;yGm;rIESifhywfoufygu w½kwf                 onfh AD,uferfESifh zdvpfydkifwkdYuJhodkY
ywf0ef;usif&Sd yifv,fjyifrSmvnf;                                                                 kd f    S
                                                                                        wifxuonfrm tif'e;&Sm;EdiijH cm;
                                                                                                               kd D     k f       tpdk;&twGufa&m? ta&SUawmiftm&S                           \&efvkdaomtjyKtrlrsm;udkomru                     ]]yg;½dkuf-em;udkuf}}wHkYjyefaejcif;rsKd;
w½kwf\ykdifeufjzpfonf[k w½kwf                                                           a&;0efBuD; rmwDemwmvD*g0gyif                    k f
                                                                                                                                  &Sd ydieuftjiif;yGm;Ediirsm;twGuyg      k f H      f     AD,uferfEihf zdvpfyiwYdk\aemufq;
                                                                                                                                                                                                          S              kd f        kH     udk &yfwef;u&yfoifayonf/ cufcJ        h
u qkdxm;onf/ xkdYtwl tqkdyg                                                             jzpfonf/ ¤if;\ oHwrefa&;BudK;yrf;         tusKd;r&Sdaomudpyifjzpfonf/           ö                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                           vky&yfrsm;rSmvnf; tjypfwifp&m[k                  aumif;cufcJrnfjzpfaomfvnf; jzpf
yifv,fjyif{&d,mukdyif tmqD,H                                                                  f
                                                                                        csursm;aMumifh awmifw½kwyifv,ff                      w½kwf\vkyf&yfrsm;aMumifh                      qdEionf/ w½kwEihf xdywuawGU
                                                                                                                                                                                               k dk f                  f S    f dk f        Ekdifygu y#dyu©rwkdifrD tajctae
tzGJU0ifEkdifiHrsm;jzpfonfh b½lEkdif;?                                                  ESifh ywfoufí tmqD,HEdkifiHrsm;\          ta&S U awmif t m&S a 'oES i f h urÇ m h                  qHkrIonf AD,uferfESifh zdvpfydkifwkdY            rsKd;jzpfatmif jyefvnfBudK;yrf;oifh
rav;&Sm;? zdvpfykdifESihf AD,uferfwkdY                                                  tajccH & rnf h r l a bmif r sm;ES i f h   tv,fwGif ,ckxufydkí ta&;yg                               twGuf tusKd;r&SdEkdifouJhodkY usef                                         dk f d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            onf/ oufqi&mEkiirsm;auseyfap
uvnf; oufqkdif&mEkdifiHtvkduf                                                           vdkufavsmnDaxG&Sdonfh rlajcmuf&yf         aoma&;&mud p ö r sm;ü w½k w f \                                                   dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                           ta&SUawmiftm&SEiirsm;udyg tusK;     k        d   rnfhenf;vrf;jzifh vuf&Sdy#dyu©
ykdifeuf{&d,mukd owfrSwfawmif;qkd                                                       wdkY tcdkiftrmajymMum;Edkifjcif;jzifh     vT r f ; rd k ; Ed k i f p G r f ; ud k tBuD ; tus,f     rJhjzpfaprnfqkdonfrSm ajymp&mrvkd                tajctaeudk ajyavsmhaprnfh pepf
vsuf&Sdonf/ tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;\                                                          tmqD,H\ *kPfodu©mudk q,fEdkifcJh          xd c d k u f a ponf / Oyrmjy&vQif                        atmifyifjzpfonf/                                 wus'DZdkif;qifxm;aom vkyf&yfrsm;
                       d I S
awmif;qkrrm w½kwavmufjyif;xef                           f                               onf/                                      w½k w f \ pD ; yG m ;a&;cG e f t m;onf                              vGecaomESpaygif; 20twGi;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         f hJ             f           f     udk owdBuD;BuD;xm;í vkyfaqmif&
jcif;r&Sdaomfvnf; ¤if;wkYd\ ykieuf                                              df                    S f
                                                                                                ,ckEpf ZGevu AD,uferfwif      G   wpfpwwpfyi;tm;jzifh ta&SUawmif
                                                                                                                                            d f               kd f                         ta&SUawmiftm&SEkdifiHrsm;\ pD;yGm;               rnfjzpfayawmhonf/
{&d,mawmif;qkrrm w½kwEiomru                   dIS                   f S fh              yif v ,f a &aMumif ; Oya'wpf c k          tm&SEdkifiHrsm;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;t& yl;                    a&;wkd;wufrIrsm;onf w½kwfpD;yGm;                                                       wifat;ausmf
                             f f
¤if;wkYdtcsi;csi;Mum;wGivnf; wk;rd                              f                   d   twnfjyKcJh&m awmifw½kwfyifv,f             aygif ; Ed k i f j cif ; ud k r S D v suf & S d o nf /   a&;zGHUNzdK;rIrS&&Sdaom tusKd;tjrwf                      Collision Course in the
wkdufrdonfrsm;vnf; &Sdaeonf/                                                            &Sd Spratly ESifh Paracel uRef;ESifh      ta&SUawmiftm&SEiirsm;u urÇmvH;      kd f H           k   rsm; rsm;pGmyg0ifaeonf/ tmqD,H                   South China Sea ud k tusOf ; csKyf
            ,ckaemufqkH;jzpfyGm;cJhonfh                                                 ywfoufí tcsKytjcmydirEihf w&m;
                                                                                                           f      kfIS            ,SOfNydKifEdkifpGrf;&Sdaom xkwfvkyfa&;                   EkdifiHrsm;&Sd zGHUNzdK;qJxkwfvkyfa&;uGef                    bmomjyefqkdxm;ygonf/
  42
  VOICE
The

                  SPORT                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Monday, September 3 - 9 , 2012



                  Soccer Weekly Fixtures
            1-9-2012 (paeaeY) jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*f yGJpOf- 25                                                                                                                                                       zdtm;awGatmufu ½kef;xGuf&r,fU
 uarÇmZ - &wemyHk
 aZ,sma&Tajr - raemajr
                                                awmifBuD;uGif;
                                                rH&muGi;f
                                                    kG
                                                                     nae 3;30 em&D
                                                                     nae 4;00 em&D                                                                                                                                              h D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          pyg;eJvAmyl;vfwtaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            hkd
 &efukef - ZGJuyif                              ok0PÖuGif;           nae 4;00 em&D
 [Hom0wD - aqmuforf;jrefrm                      atmifqef;uGif; nae 4;00 em&D                                                                                                                                                      ajymp&mawGygvmwJU
                          y&D ; rD ; ,m;vd * f yG J p Of - 3
 0ufpf[rf; - zlvf[rf                                                 n 6;15 em&D                                                                                                                                     y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyGJpOf (3) cefhrSef;rI
 qGrfqD; - qef;'g;vef;                                               n 8;30 em&D
 pyg; - aemf0pfcsf                                                   n 8;30 em&D          0ufpf[rf; (10) Vs zlvf[rf (6)                                        vef'ef'gbDyjJG zpfwmeJYtnD NydKiqiru jyif;xefygvdrr,f/ 0ufp[rf;    f kd f I                                        hf                              f
 0ufpfb&Grf; - tJAmwef                                               n 8;30 em&D             aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                          wdkufppfrSm umwefudkvfwpfOD;wnf;udkom tm;xm;upm;aewmawGU&
 0D*ef - pwkwfpD;wD;                                                 n 8;30 em&D          zlvf[rf 1 - 3 0ufpf[rf; (2011)                         wmrdYk ol*;roGi;Edi&if Ediy&zdYk½e;uef&avh&ygw,f/ 2002 ckEpaemufyi;
                                                                                                                                                                       kd          f k f k f JG k f                                              dS                                          Sf                        kd f
 refpD;wD; - usLyDtm                                                 n 11;00 em&D         0ufpf[rf; 1 - 1 zlvf[rf (2011)                         zlvf[rf[m 0ufpf[rf;uGif;rSm ckepfyGJupm;cJh&m oHk;yGJ½HI;NyD; av;Budrfoa&
                          tD w vD p D ; &D ; at yG J p Of - 2                             zlvf[rf 3 - 2 0ufpf[rf; (2010)                         uscJhygw,f/ zlvf[rftoif;taejzifh ,l½dkygvd*fupm;xm;wJhtwGuf
 wdk&DEdk - yufpfum&m                                                n 10;30 em&D                                                                yGJyef;'PfcH&zG,f&SdNyD; tm;xm;&wJh uGif;v,fupm;orm; 'rfbDvDpyg;udk
 bkdavmh*fem - atpDrDvef                (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf 1;15 em&D    ajymif;a&TUawmhrSmrdkY zlvf[rftoif;[m 'DyGJudk oa&&v'fjzifhom xdef;upm;oGm;ygvdrfhr,f/
                           pyd e f v mvD * g yG J p Of - 3                                                                                                     qGrfqD;[mESpfyGJquf*dk;jywfEdkifyGJawGeJY enf;jyopfavmhvf'&yfvuf
                                                                                            qGrfqD;(2) Vs qef;'g;vef;(13)                                      S                 k                        f
                                                                                                                                                 xufrm upm;yHaumif;rGevmygw,f/ eoefEi,meJYrcsL;wdYkajcpGr;aumif;                                       kd f                D                          f
 qJvfwmAD*dk - tdkqmqlem                                             n 8;30 em&D                aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ
 Zm&m*dkZm - rmvm*g                                                  n 10;30 em&D                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                 rGeovdk Teamwork vnf; aumif;rGewmaMumifh qef;'g;vef;½kef;uef&zdkY                  f
                                                                                          qef;'g;vef; 2 - 0 qGrfqD; (2012) &Sygw,f/ qef;'g;vef;taeeJU yGpOf (2) yGysufcwmaMumifh tm;tiftjynfh
                                                                                                                                                   d                                                                       J               J                hJ
 'DydkYwDAdk - *Dwmaz;                  (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf00;30 em&D     qGrfqD; 0 - 0 qef;'g;vef; (2011) eJY&ifqdkifEdkifrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'gayrJh qm[m? tdka&S;? ba&mif;? &pfcswfqef
 rma,mhum - &D;&JvfqdkpD'uf             (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf 2;30 em&D     qef;'g;vef; 1 - 1 qGrfqD; (2011) wdkY&Sdaomfjim;vnf; tdrfuGif;tm;omcsufeJY zdupm;r,fh qGrfqD;&JUwdkufppf
                       *smref b G e f ' uf p f v D * g yG J p Of - 2
 a&Smfau; - 0kpfbwf                                                  n 8;00 em&D        aMumifh uyfNyD;t½HI;ay;oGm;&ygvdrfhr,f/ qGrfqD;eJY*dk;trsm;udka&G;vdkufcsifw,f/
 avAmulqif - z½dkif;bwf                                              n 8;00 em&D             pyg; (14) Vs aemfh0Spfcsf (17)                                    enf;jyopf bdkvftmhvufxuf EdkifyGJr&Sdao;wJhpyg;wdkY tdrfuGif;
 0g'gb&Drif - [rf;bwf                                                n 8;00 em&D                aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                       0dIuf[wfvdef;rSm zdtm;awGeJY&ifqdkif&mrSm 'rfbDvD? t'Dbma,m? ygum;?
 Ek&ifbwf - a'ghref                                                  n 8;00 em&D               pyg; 1 - 2 aemfh0Spfcsf (2012)                    *g&wfab;eJYAef'gAufwYkd &UJ tv,fwef;pkzUJG rI[m y&D;rD;,m;vd*toif;BuD;                                                                          f
 a[mfzef[drf; - z&efYzwf                                             n 8;00 em&D               aemhf0Spfcsf 0 - 2 pyg; (2011)                                                                kf
                                                                                                                                                 awGeYJ&ifaygifwef;Ediygw,f/ pyg;toif; upm;cJwhJ 2 yGpvH;[m &rSwawG                                               h           J k                                   f
 tufqJvfa'ghzf - *gvmbwf                                             n 11;00 em&D              pyg; 2 - 0 aemfh0Spfcsf (2011)                    rqHk;½HI;oifhbJ qHk;½HI;vdkuf&wmjzpfNyD; upm;tm;awmhaumif;ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                 aemh0Spfcsftoif;&JUaemufwef;rSm trSm;t,Gif;awGrsm;aeNyD; &moDtp
                           jyif o pf v D * l ; yG J p Of - 4                                        I                          h
                                                                                        jyifqifrvnf; tm;enf;cJwmaMumifh tdrui;tm;omcsufeYJ pyg;toif;*d;jywfupm;oGm;ygvdrr,f/ *d;rsm;Ediw,f/
                                                                                                                                               f G f                                                                 k                                               hf                   k             k f
 vkdif,Gef- AvefpD;eufpf                                             n 9;30 em&D                                                                                             f            f
                                                                                                                                                               0ufpb&Ge;toif;[m &moDtpajcpGr;jyupm;rIaMumifh toif;wdi;                           f                                                                    k f
 t*smpD,dk - tDAD,ef                    (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf 00;30em&D     0ufpfb&Gef; (4) Vs tJAmwef (3) tav;xm;upm;&awmhrSmjzpfovdk toif;&JUwdkufppfydkif;rSm &Sdef;avmif;?
 bwfpfwD,m - pdefYtufwD,ef (we*FaEGeeuf)                H            eHeuf 00;30em&D            aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                           k
                                                                                                                                                 td'rf0if*?D vlumulwYkd &UJ xdk;azmuftm;[mvnf; wpfzufaemufwef;udk
 b&ufpf - x½dk,ufpf                     (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf 00;30em&D     0ufpfb&Gef; 0 - 1 tJAmwef (2012) 'kuay;Edipr;&Saeygw,f/ tJAmweftoif;[mvnf; upm;orm;aumif;
                                                                                                                                                            © k f G f d
 vdk&D,efY - eefpD                      (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf 00;30em&D     tJAmwef 2 - 0 0ufpfb&Gef; (2011) awG xGufoGm;aomfjim; toif;&JU[efcsuf[m ysufroGm;bJ z,fvdkifeD?
 qdk;acsmhpf - armifhy,fvD,m            (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf 00;30em&D     tJAmwef 2 - 1 0ufpfb&Gef; (2011) *sDvmApfwYkdukd yDem;? atmhprefeYJ*pfbqifwYkd&UJ yHy;dk rIawGaMumifh xifwmxuf                         f                         h
 wl;avmhpf - &drf;pf                    (we*FaEGeeuf)   H            eHeuf 00;30em&D      k
                                                                                        ydaumif;vmNyD; wdkufppftm;oefESpfoif;awGUqHkrIrSm tjyeftvSefoGif;*dk;awGeJY oa&jzpfoGm;ygvdrfhr,f/
          2-9-2012 (we*F a EG a eY) jref r mae&S i f e ,f v d * f yG J p Of - 25                                                                                                     f                   S f
                                                                                                                                                               0D*efajcpGr;[mcefYre;cufNyD; vuf&upm;cJwhJ ajcpGr;uawmhaumif;                dS                     h               f
 aejynfawmf - rauG;                     aejynfawmfui;f          G    nae 4;00 em&D          0D * ef (8) Vs pwkwfpD;wD; (11)                      rGefygw,f/ pwkwftoif;[m 0D*eftoif;&JUtdrfuGif;(7)yGJrSm wpfBudrfyJ
 {&m0wD - &u©yl&                        ok0PÖuGif;                   nae 4;00 em&D              aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                       tEdkif&zl;wJhrSwfwrf;&Sdygw,f/ enf;jyrmwDewfZf&JU 4-3-3upm;uGufrSm
 arm&0wD - csif;,lEkdufwuf              atmifqef;uGif;               nae 4;00 em&D               0D*ef 2 - 0 pwkwf (2012)                        armhqufpeYJ½',fv*gwkYdxuom;vkYd tcuftcJawmh&rmyg/ pwkwtoif;
                                                                                                                                                                          f kd               D                G f G                                                      dS S                            f
                          y&D ; rD ; ,m;vd * f yG J p Of - 3                                     pwkwf 2 - 2 0D*ef (2011)                        [m aemufwef;rmausmwJhtoif;yDyD cHppfupm;wmaumif;rGefwmrdkY
 vDAmyl; - tmqife,f                                                  n 7;00 em&D                pwkwf 0 - 1 0D*ef (2011)                         0D*efwkdYtEkdif&zdkYrvG,fwmaMumifh pwkwfpD;wD;udktm;ay;&if &ifarm&
 e,l;umq,f - tufpfwefADvm                                            n 9;30 em&D        oufomygvdrfhr,f/ *dk;enf;Edkifygw,f/
 aqmuforfwef - ref,l                                                 n 9;30 em&D                                                                               t*l½dkrupm;Edkifayr,fh wD;AufajcpGrf;jyupm;aewmaMumifh refpDeD
                          tD w vD p D ; &D ; at yG J p Of - 2                                refpD;wD;(5) Vs usLyDtm(18)                                     f
                                                                                                                                                 pdwoufom&aeygw,f/ 'gayrJh &moDtpvdcsiwupm;orm;awGr&ao;                                               k f hJ
 tl'D;edpf - *sLAifwyf                                               n 10;30 em&D                aemuf q H k ; yG J ( 3)yG J a wG U qH k r I                                        D H                 k d f f
                                                                                                                                                 wmaMumifh csefy,bUJG udxe;odr;zkYd cufcygvdrr,f/ usLyDtmtoif;[m                           J                   hf
 uuf*vD,m&D - twåvEÅm                   (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;15 em&D              refpD;wD; 3 - 2 usLyDtm                                                                                   I
                                                                                                                                                 &moDtpjyifqifajymif;vJrrsm;pGmjyKvkyxm;vkYd tajcuszdYk tcsde,&ygvdrhf                 f                                                           f l
                                                                                                  usLyDtm 2 - 3 refpD;wD;                                                  h
                                                                                                                                                 r,f/ 0g&ifemrnfBuD; ajcusupm;orm;awGeYJ pkzUJG xm;vkYd owYdk cupm;&if                                                                      l H
 umwmeD;,m; - *sDEkdtm                  (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;15 em&D              refpD;wD; 1 - 3 usLyDtm
 tifwmrDvef - ½dk;rm;                   (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;15 em&D                                                             NydKifbuftoif;½kef;uef&Ekdifygw,f/ 'gayrJhNydKifbuf[m refpD;wD;jzpfae
 vmZD,dk - ygvmrdk                      (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;15 em&D    wmrdkY usLyDtmtaeeJY r½IH;a&;udkOD;pm;ay;upm;oGm;zkdYjzpfaeygw,f/ refpD;wD; oGif;*dk;rsm;rsm;oGif;Ekdifygvdrfhr,f/
 emydkvD - zDtdk&ifwD;em;               (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;15 em&D        aqmuforfwef(19)Vs ref,l(7)                                         aqmuforfwef[mNydKiyt&yf&yf ref,eYJawGUqHr(14)Budrrm ESpBf udrf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f JG                              l                   kI                         fS
 yg;rm; - csDa,Adk                      (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;15 em&D            aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                                        d f h
                                                                                                                                                 omtEki&cJwmaMumifh tpOftvmt& ref,toif;omvGeaewmawGU&yg                                        l                                       f
 qrf'dk;&D;,m; - qDem                   (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;15 em&D                                                                             enf;jyopf xuf td f G ;*dk f
                                                                                         aqmuforfwef 1 - 2 ref,l (2011) w,f/ ;[mref,vufewmrdkY rui,;oGi;tm;aumif;ref vnf; NydKibrS                                            f                                            aomf                                 f uf
               2-9-2012 (we*F a EG a eY) pyd e f v mvD * g yG J p Of - 3                 aqmuforfwef 0 - 3 ref,l (2009) toifYJ twl zm'DeljefyxuvmzkYdrvGmrdYkfaaemufwef;twGu,wemufwSdaeNyDm zpfa                                      vmufygbl;/                                         la                       ef;
 A,fvufumEdk - qDADvm                                                n 4;30 em&D         aqmuforfwef 1 - 2 ref,l (2005) AD'pfe AefygpD? tuf&Sfav,ef;? AvifpD,m? uvDAmavwkdYkY&team-
                                                                                                                                                 um*g0g?
                                                                                                                                                                                               JG G f                  &w
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        dS                                                       f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pd cs&zd                                 ;
 bDvfbmtkd - A,fvm'dkvpf                                             n 8;30 em&D
 vDAefaw; - tufpfyefndK                                              n 10;30 em&D       work rdoGm;cJh&if tawmfMunfhaumif;r,fhyGJtjzpfjrifawGY&rSmjzpfNyD; oGif;*dk;trsm;eJY ref,lEdkifyGJqufygvdrfhr,f/
 &D;&Jruf'&pf - *&efem'g                (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 00;20 em&D                                                                          ,l½dkygvd*fupm;xm;wJh e,l;umq,fyGJyef;aeEkdifygw,f/ 'gayrJh
                                                                                                                                     D
                                                                                         e,l;umq,f(9)Vs tufpwefAvm(20) e,l;umq,f[m a&SU? v,f? aemuf wnfNidrfwJhtoif;jzpfwmeJYtnD
 bmpDvdkem - AvifpD,m                   (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 2;00 em&D            aemufqHk;awGUqkHrI (3) yGJ
                       *smref b G e f ' uf p f v D * g yG J p Of - 2                                                                             t&efupm;orm;tiftm;aumif;wmrdYk 'Dyuaocsmupm;ygvdrr,f/ ADvm                              JG kd                                                hf
                                                                                         tufpwefADvm 1 - 1 e,l;umq,f uawmh 'Pf&m&upm;orm;awGrsm;ae&wJhtxJ aemufcHvl&pfcsuf'ef;
 0kzfbwf - [efEkdAm                                                  n 8;00 em&D         e,l;umq,f 2 - 1 tufpwefADvm vnf; toif;uxGufcGmoGm;vdkY toif;&JUtajctae[m pdk;&drfa&rSwfudk
 bkdif,efjrL;epf - pwk*wf                                            n 10;00 em&D        tufpwefADvm 1 - 0 e,l;umq,f a&mufaeygw,f/ tppt&m&m tom&aewJh e,l;umq,fwdkY tdrf&Sif
                          jyif o pf v D * l ; yG J p Of - 4
 abmf'dk; - Ekdufpf                                                  n 6;30 em&D        y&dowfudktjynfht0 aysmfatmif pGrf;aqmifay;Edkifygvdrhfr,f/ e,l;umq,ftEdkifyg/
 rmaq; - &ef;eufpf                                                   n 9;30 em&D                                                                               vDAmyl;vftdrfuGif;upm;tm;aumif;ygw,f/ EkdifyGJvHk;0r&ao;wJh
                                                                                          vDAmyl; (16) Vs tmqife,f (12) toif;BuD;ESpoif;&JUawGUqHru 'Dwpfywf&UJ taumif;qH;yGyg/ vuf&ajcpGr;
                                                                                                                                                                               f                            kI                                                               k J                           dS             f
 vkdifvD - yDtufpf*sD                   (wevFmeHeuf)                 eHeuf 1;30em&D             aemufqHk;awGUqkHrI (3) yGJ                       t& tdr&itm;omcsu&aeayrJh vDAmyl;vf[myGMJ uyfqufwuupm;cJovdk
                                                                                                                                                                    fSf                            f dS                                                                              dk f                       h
                        t*F v ef c sef y D , H & S p f yG J p Of - 4                      vDAmyl;vf 1 - 2 tmqife,f(2012) ,l½ygvd*ajcppfyupm;xm;wmrdkY yGyef;Ekiygw,f/ qm[if? *sm&wfeYJ qm&uf
                                                                                                                                                         kd          f                 JG                                    J df                                                                             G
 um'pfzf - 0kAf                                                      n 7;30 em&D         tmqife,f 0 - 2 vDAmyl;vf(2011) wkYd&UJ wkuppfu tmqife,fwuppfxufawmhomygw,f/ tmqife,ftaeeJY
                                                                                                                                                                 d f                                            dk f
               3-9-2012 (wevF m aeY ) pyd e f v mvD * g yG J p Of - 3                    tmqife,f 1 - 1 vDAmyl;vf(2011) *dk;roGif;EkdifwmuvGJ&if aemufwef;eJYtv,fwef;pkzGJUrI[m vDAmyl;vfudk
 bufwpf - tufovufwDudk (t*FgeHeuf)                                   eHeuf 2;00 em&D         f         d f G f d                             f
                                                                                        ,SOupm;Ekipr;&Sygw,f/ tjyeftvSeupm;&if; tmqife,fEkdifoGm;EkdifwmaMumifh {nfhonfudktm;ay;vkduf&atmif/

                                                                                               Breaking News
  -    tDwvDenf;jya[mif; tm&DvdkqufcsDu pydefplygzvm;NydKifyGJwGif &D;&Jruf'&pftoif;u bmpDvdkemtoif;udk tdrfuGif;ü [D*ltifESifh a&mfe,f'dkwdkY\oGif;*dk;rsm;jzifh tEkdif&&SdcJhNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                           I d
       ESpfausmhaygif;&v'ft& av;*dk;pDwlnDaomfvnf; ta0;uGif;*dk;tm;omcsufjzifh AdkvfpGJcJhtNyD;wGif bmumenf;jyopf wDwdkADvmEdkAmtaejzifh enf;jya[mif;*Gg'D,dkvm\ atmifjrifrrsK;&&ef
       tawmfyif ½kef;uef&zG,f&SdaMumif; e-Sport tifwmAsL;wGif oHk;oyfajymMum;oGm;cJhonf/
  -    pyg;toif;\t"duaemufcHvlumbl;onf 0ufpfb&Gef;toif;ESifhupm;cJhonfhyGJwGif&&SdcJhonfh'l;'Pf&maMumifh av;vMumem;&rnfjzpfojzifh pwkwfESifhusLyDtmwdkYu ac:,l&ef
       pdwf0ifpm;aeonfhaemufcHvl rdkufu,fa':qiftm;a&mif;csawmhrnfr[kwfaMumif; enf;jybdkvftmhuajymMum;cJhonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    43
   Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The




   Vol.8 / No.35                                                                                                                                                                                                      Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




jynfya&muftvkyform;rsm; jyefvmEdkifa&;vkyfaqmif
xm;0,f? Mo*kwf 29?                                                                                                           weoFm&D0efBuD;csKyf
             eD;csif; xdkif;EdkifiHwGif tvkyfvkyfudkifae&onfh tvkyform; rsm; jyefvmEdkifonfh tcif;tusif; jzpf&ef jyKvkyfaeaMumif; weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD; 0efBuD;csKyf OD;jrwfudku NyD;cJhonfh&ufydkif;u
             xm;0,fNrdKUawmfcef;rwGifjyKvkyfonfh xm;0,fa'ozGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;trsm;ydkif ukrÜPDvDrdwuf (DDPC) \ &S,f,m&Sifrsm;awGUqHkyGJwGif ajymMum;onf/
         a'ocHrsm; jyefvmEdkif&ef vkyf                vlawG roGm;atmifvkyf&rSm}} [k                     twGuf pdefac:rI&SdqJyifjzpfaMumif;                      wpfOD;u rSwfcsufjyKonf/                                        ]]BudK;pm;aewmudkawmh tod
                          d
aqmif&mwGif rdrwpfO;wnf;taeESihf     D                ¤if;urSwfcsufjyKonf/                              xd k i f ; a&muf t vk y f o rm;tcsKd U u                       trSefwu,ftaumiftxnf                             trSwfjyKygw,f/ 'gayrJh vkyfaewJh
rjzpfEibJ DDPC tygt0if tm;vH;
         kd f                                     k            rMumrDwGif xm;0,fü xD;cD;?               qdkonf/                                                 azmfaqmif&Gufoifhaom vkyfief;rsm;                      pDrHudef;awGu tvkyftudkiftcGifh
       f                    kd
rS vkyaqmif&efvtyfaMumif; ¤if;u                       Nrdwwif armawmifponfh e,fpyf*wf
                                                            f G                                     d              ]]aemufvmr,fh oHk;ESpfqdk&if                 rSm a'ocHrsm; &if;ESD;uRrf;usifNyD;                    tvrf;twGuf tm;&p&mr&Sdbl;}} [k
qdkonf/                                               rsm;udk zGifhvSpfawmhrnfjzpfNyD; ,if;             ArmjynfrSm tvkyfawG 'DueJYwloGm;                        jzpfaom vkyfom;tiftm;rsm;pGm                           ¤if;uqdkonf/
                                 D
         npfnrf;tBu;pm; puf½trsm;pk            kH     ae&mrsm;wGif pufrIZkefrsm;jzpfvm                  NyD? EdiijH cm;puf½awG 0ifNyDajymw,f/
                                                                                                               k f                 kH                           toHk;jyK&onfh tat;cef;tygt0if                                     k f k f H G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               xdi;Ediiwif jrefrma&TUajymif;
yg0ifonfh xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;                        vQif a'ozGHUNzdK;rIudk azmfaqmifEdkif             'gayrJh aemufxyfvmr,fh oHk;ESpfqdk                      a&vkyfief;ESifh qufpyfonfh puf½Hk                      tvkyform;oHk;oef;cefY&Sdonf[k
              kH
Zke?f puf½vnfywf&efvyom;tiftm;         kf             rnf[k 0efBuD;csKyfuqdkonf/                        &if xdkif;EdkifiHuvnf; vkyfcGifhygrpf                   rsm;? txnfcsKyfvyief; ponfwYkdukd
                                                                                                                                                                                 k f                                         f                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tvkyorm;ta&;vkyaqmifaeolrsm;
                     f dS
1800 ausm&rnf[qonfh avmif;vH;k  k kd                           vuf&wif DDPC onf [dw,f
                                                                      dS G                    k         ckepfrsKd; xyfwkd;ay;xm;NyD}} [k xdkif;                 taumif t xnf a zmf o if h o nf [ k                     u cefYrSef;onf/
                 G
NrdKUe,fwif wnfaqmufrnfa&eHcsuf           h           Zke?f oifwef;ausmif;? aps;0,fpifwm                EdkifiH &aemif;NrdKUwGif rdom;pkvdkuf                   a'ocHpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u                                          Dawei Watch
puf½Hkrsm;onf a'ocHrsm;udk tvkyf                      wdkYudk pwiftaumiftxnfazmfae                                               k f
                                                                                                        ajymif;a&TUaexditvkyvyuiaom          f k f kd f         rSwfcsufjyKonf/
tudkiftcGifhtvrf;rsm;pGm zefwD;Edkif                                         k f
                                                      NyD; avaMumif;vdi;tygt0if tjcm;                   udkom;ausmfu ajymMum;onf/
rnfr[kwf[k a'ocHtrsm;pku rSwf                         tBuD;pm;vkyfief;rsm;udk &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH                    0ifaiGESifh ukefaps;EIef;tcsKd;
csufjyKonf/
         tvk y f v k y f a eonf h tvk y f
                                                      &ef pDpOfvsuf&Sdonf/
                                                               ,ckvuf&wif ajcmufvtwGi;f
                                                                           dS G
                                                                                                        tpm; rQwa&;? a&? rD;uJhodkYaom
                                                                                                        tajccH t aqmuf t OD r sm; jynf h p H k
                                                                                                                                                                ½kyf&SifZmwfum;rsm; jyeffvnfjyo&efpDpOf
orm;rsm;tm; jyefac:csifvQif yxr                       a'ocHtvkyftudkiftcGifh tvrf;                      avmufia&;wdkYonfvnf; t"du                               xm;0,f? Mo*kwf 27
tcsuftaeESifh xdkif;wGifay;onfh                       300 cefYudk zefwD;Edkifrnf[k DDPC                 pdefac:rIrsm;jzpfaMumif; oluqdonf/           k                                    dk
                                                                                                                                                                           weoFm&Dwi;f a'oBu;D xm;0,f                  vmjyzdkY qE´enf;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;u
vpmESifh wef;wlay;Edkifray;Edkifudk                   uqdkonf/                                                            f                S
                                                                                                                   ]]uReawmfwYkd 'Drm rD;wpf,epf          l     NrdKUwGif&Sdaom ½kyf&Sif½HkESpf½Hkjzpfonfh             qkdonf/
pOf ; pm;&rnf j zpf N yD ; a'owG i f ;                                                  k f k f H
                                                               xm;0,fa'owGif xdi;EdiioYkd               udk ig;bwf? ArmjynfrSm bwf 20                           atmifr*FvmESifh r*FvmoD&d½kyf&Sif½Hk                          ,ckuJhodkY tprf;jyo&mwGif
taumiftxnfazmfonfh vkyfief;                           oGm;a&muftvkyfvkyfudkifolrsm;NyD;                 ausmfw,f/ uGmjcm;csuf&Sdw,f/                            rsm;wGif ½kyf&Sifum;BuD;rsm;jyefvnf                    y&dowftiftm;rSm ,cifESpfrsm;\
rsm;onfvnf; xdkif;wGif tvkyfvkyf                      trsm;pkonf aqmufvya&;vkyief;? k f         f                       S
                                                                                                        Arm jynfrm awmf½wef½kH vlwef;pm;
                                                                                                                                      kH                                  d f        f S f k f k f
                                                                                                                                                                jyoEki&ef ½ky&ixwvya&;ukrPD                   Ü        y&dowftiftm; av;csKd;wpfcsKd;cefY
aeolrsm; jyefvmEdionfh vltiftm;k f                    a&vkyfief;ESifh a&vkyfief; qufpyf                 wpfa,muftaeeJY rD;pHk? a&pHk rae                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                rsm;odYk urf;vSr;xm;aMumi;f ½ky&i½kH       f S f       om vma&mufMunhf½IMuaMumif;
rsm;pGmoHk;&onfh pufrIvkyfief;rsm;                    vkyfief;rsm;wGif vkyfudkifMuonf/                    k f l
                                                                                                        Edib;}}[k udom;ausmuzGi[onf/
                                                                                                                            k            f        hf            wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                         ½kyf&Sif½Hkwm0ef&Sdoluqkdonf/
jzpfoifhonf[k touf 30 t&G,f                                    pDrHudef;aMumifh xm;0,fa'o                                     dS d f
                                                                                                                   vuf&tcsetxd a'otwGi;                     f              xm;0,fNrdKU&Sd ½kyf&Sif½Hkrsm;wGif                 ½kyf&Sif½Hkrsm;onf vltrsm;
xm;0,fa'ocHtvwfpm; pD;yGm;a&;                         wGif vmrnfhESpfydkif;twGif; tvkyf                 taumiftxnfazmfaeonfh pDrue;                     H d f   2012 ckESpfZlvkdifvtxd ½ky&iZmwf     f S f             trSefwu,ftem;,lEkdifonfh ae&m
vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;uqdkonf/                                   k f hf
                                                      tuditcGitvrf;&&Svmrnfqaomf  d          kd         rsm;wGif tvkyftudkiftcGifhtvrf;                         um;rsm;jyorI &yfem;xm;&mrS NyD;cJh                                       J      I dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       jzpf&efvNkd yD; qGaqmifr&atmifjyKjyif
         ]]xdkif;u vlawGjyefac:zdkY vkyf                            f         f h
                                                      vnf; ukeaps;EIe;uJoYkd aom udp&yf           ö     zefwD;EdkifrIonf tm;&p&mr&Sdao;                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                onhvrSpwifí tprf;jyefvnfjyo                            Ekdifygu y&dowftiftm;ydkrdkrsm;vm
                   k
aep&mrvdygbl;/ wu,fq&if 'Du                 kd        rsm;u tvkyform;rsm; jyefvma&;                     aMumif; a'ocHpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif                     cJhonf/                                                  df                df     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       EkiaMumif; t*Fvypm'kw,ESpausmif;
                                                                                                                                                                           ½kyf&Sif½Hktaejzifh ½kyf&SifZmwf            ol rodrfhtdpHu rSwfcsufjyKonf/
                                                                                                                                                                um;BuD;rsm;udk jyo&ef qE´&Sdaomf                                           kf D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ]]acwfutdiwacwfav/ ½ky&if  fS
awmckwfxGifrI a'ocHrsm;toufarG;0rf;ausmif; xdcdkuf[kqdk                                                                                                                        fSf k f k
                                                                                                                                                                vnf; ½ky&ixwvyjf zefYcsa&;ukrPD
                                                                                                                                                                rsm;taejzifh vkyfief;tusKd;tjrwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                   d            Ü      ½Hkxufpm&if tifwmeufuzD;u ydk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           J        I dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       qGaqmifr&w,f}}[k ¤if;uqkonf/   d
xm;0,f? Mo*kwf 23                                                                                                                                               ydkrdkrsm;jym;aom NrdKUBuD;rsm;wGifom                  ,if;½kyf&Sif½Hkrsm;wGif jrefrmAD'D,dk
        xm;0,f t xl ; pD ; yG m ;a&;Zk e f            pDrHudef;aMumifh a&avSmifwrHwnf                        f         D      hJ d
                                                                                                        vdyaMu;ESihf *savSmifuoYkaom &Sm;yg;                    t"duvkdufvHjyoonf[k ½kyf&Sif½HkrS                      Zmwfum;rsm;jyoNyD; &yfwnfaeaomf
pDrHudef;twGuf a&t&if;tjrpfudk                                               k
                                                      aqmuf&rnfh uvH;xm&Gm0ef;usiukd    f               rsKd;pdwfowå0grsm;&Sdonf/                               wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uajymonf/                              vnf; vma&mufMunhf½Iolrsm;pGm
taxmuftyHjh zpfaprnfh a&avSmifwrH                                     f        f
                                                      pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;&Sirsm;u 2010 jynfh                                             Dawei Watch                         ]]tusK;tjrwfenf;wJNh rdKUawGrm
                                                                                                                                                                                   d                              S    enf;yg;onf/
    H d f
pDrue;aMumifh ajymif;a&TU&efvsmxm;                    ESpfrSpwifpdwf0ifpm;cJhonf/
cH&aom uvHk;xmaus;&GmteD;wpf                                    ]]tckqkd uvHk;xmacsmif;wpf
0dkufwGif xm;0,fa'ocH pD;yGm;a&;                      avQmuf urf;yg;awGrSmvnf; awm
vkyfief;&SiftcsKdUu O,smOfNcHajrrsm;                        f
                                                      ckwvYkdawmfawmfajymifaeNyD}}[k q&m
                                 f dS
0,f,Nl yD; teD;0ef;usi&awm½di;rsm;        k f                             dS dk f
                                                      awmfu vuf&&ifqiae&onfh tajc
udk ckwfxGifrIaMumifh a'ocHrsm;\                      taeudk rdefYMum;onf/                                     xm;0,fwuúokdvf
toufarG;0rf;ausmif;rIxcuvmaMumif;  d dk f                       uvHk;xm&GmwGif ,cifu csOf                      um,tvSr,fNydKifyJGjrifuGif;
      k          f
uvH;xmbke;awmfBuD;ausmif; q&m                         aygifzmvmcl;vQif wpf&uf &SpfyHk;rS
awmf OD;ynm0Hou rdefYMum;onf/                                 k
                                                      10 yH;txd&um wpfv0ifaiGav;ode;       f
        awm½dkif;rsm;tm;ckwfxGifaom                   cefY? wnif;oD;cl;vQif wpf&ufav;yH;  k
olrsm;udk a'ocHrsm;u oGm;a&muf                        ausmf&um wpf&uf0ifaiGESpfaomif;
ar;jref;onfhtcg yHkpH(105)&SdNyD; jzpf                cefY? 0Owl;vQif wpf&uf ydóm 20
                   d
onf[k ajymqkaMumif; a'ocHrsm;u                        ESifh 30Mum;&&Sdonf[k a'ocHrsm;u
jyefvnfajymMum;onf/                                   ajymqkdonf/
        yHkpH(105)&jcif;onf ajr,m                               a&umwmwnf a qmuf r nf h
vkyfydkifcGifh&jcif;r[kwf? ydkifqkdifcGifh                              d f Ü D
                                                      tDwmvsH-xki;ukrPudk apmifMh unfh
                          f
&jcif;vnf;r[kwaMumif;? uvH;xm               k         aecsdef a'ocHpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;tcsKdU
&Gm0ef;usif&Sd awm½dkif;ae&mrsm;wGif                               k f f G f I
                                                      \ awm½di;ckwxiraMumifh obm0
          l kd       f kd f G hf
rnfourQ vkyyicicsxm;ay;onf                            awmawmifrsm; ukefqHk;aeonfudk
udkrawGU&aMumif; xm;0,f 88 rsKd;                      awGU&aMumif; OD;ausmfausmfoufu
        D       f f
qufO;ausmausmoufu a'ocHrsm;                           rSwfcsufjyKonf/
ESifhawGUqHkpOf &Sif;jyonf/                                     aus;&Gm0ef;usifü owåKo,H
        xm;0,f t xl ; pD ; yG m ;a&;Zk e f            Zmw? opfawmxGufo,HZmwrsm;?


                                                                                                               "mwfykH - zkd;aZmf
      ii
      42
   The
         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




]ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;XmetaeeJh yifv,fjyiftxd0ifa&mufppfaq;MuyfrwfEkdifjcif;awmU
r&Sdygbl;/ 'gudk wyfrawmfuom aqmif&Gufygw,f}
weoFm&Dwkdif;a'oBuD;ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;Xme wkdif;a'oBuD;OD;pD;XmerSL; a'gufwmnGefha0ESifU awGYqHkjcif;
Dawei Watch

Voice              : yxrOD;qH;taeeJY ig;vkyf k                                 d                k
                                                                          qkawmhig;udvnf; 'DvytvGetuRH       kd J              f         w&m;r0if ig;zrf;avStrsm;pk jrefrmh                       Voice         : w&m;r0if ig;zrf;avSawG                                     l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ief;qufpyfoawGomru tdre;csi;                              f D f
ief;OD;pD;Xme&JU vkyfief;wm0efrsm;udk                                     zrf;aeNyD; a&aeo,HZmwawGuvnf;                     kd           a&ydkifeufxJrSm t&ifig;zrf;cGifh&wJh                     udk b,fvkdOya'eJY ta&;,lvdkY&yg                   d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  EkiiawG&UJ a&vkyief;vkyuioawG           f     f kd f l
odyg&ap/                                                                  rxdef;bl;qkd&ifawmh ig;rsKd;jyKef;                             umvxufydkNyD; wGifwGifus,fus,f                                          D
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ovJ/ tJ'Oya'awGukd trSewu,f      f              uvnf; EkdifiHwumw&m;Oya'awG
Dr.NW : ig;vkyief;OD;pD;Xme&JU vkyff                                      wD;rIu jzpfay:vmrSmygyJ/                                       zrf;Muw,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ 'gu                              a&m toHk;jyKjzpfygovm;/                         udk av;pm;vkdufemzdkYvdktyfygw,f/
ief;wm0efuawmh urf;eD;urf;a0;                                             Voice : rdk;&moDig;zrf;ydwf&moD                                b,fvdkjzpfvdkYygvJ/                                      Dr.NW : w&m;r0if ig;zrf;avS                     'Dudpöudk jrefrmhyifv,fjyifrSmawmh
ig;zrf;vkyfief;zGHUNzdK;vmatmif? a&csKd                                                   f
                                                                          rSm ig;vkyief;OD;pD;Xme&JU tcef;u@                             Dr.NW : ig;zrf;ydwfxm;wJh &moD                           awGukd jrefrmhyifv,fjyif ig;vkyief;     f       jrefrmhyifv,fig;vkyfief;Oya'eJY
a&ief ig;ykpGefarG;jrLa&;vkyfief;awG                                      ubmygvJcifAsm/ bmawGvkyf&yg                                    rSm w&m;r0if ig;zrf;avStrsm;pku                          Oya't& ta&;,lvdkY&ygw,f/ 'gh                    ta&;,laqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdygw,f/
    d
wk;wufvmatmif? a&vkyief;qki&m                          f           df     ovJ/                                                           t&ifig;zrf;cGifh&wJh umvxufydkNyD;                       tjyif EkdifiHjcm; ig;zrf;a&,mOfrsm;               dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ekiiawmfu wyfrawmf(a&)eJY yifv,f
          f                d
tcGetcawG wk;wuf&&Satmif? ig;                     d                       Dr.NW : rdk;&moDig;rzrf;& umv                                  ig;zrf;w,fqdkwm aumvm[v                                  vkyfudkifcGifhOya'udkvnf; jy|mef;               jyifpkd;rdk;a&;wyfawGudk EkdifiHawmf&JU
vkyfief;rsm;udk Oya'? pnf;rsOf;pnf;                                       rSm a&csKjd rpfacsmif;tif;tkiawGrm ig;d f              S       owif;awGyJ jzpfEkdifygw,f/                               xm;NyD;jzpfvkdY wjcm;EkdifiHom;awG              yd k i f e uf v H k N cH K a&;eJ Y umuG , f a &;?
                  f kH f
urf;vkyx;vkyenf;? trdeYfneMf um;                               T          rzrf;qD;& trdeYf aMumfjimpmawGxwf                        k             ig;rzrf;& &moDrSm wm;jrpf                        taeeJY w&m;r0ifig;zrf;vkyief;rsm;  f            pnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;udpöawGudk
csufrsm;eJYtnD pepfwusBuD;Muyf                                            jyefwm? a'ocHa&vkyfom;awGudk                                   {&d , mtwG i f ; jynf w G i f ; urf ; eD ; ?                    f kd f    d     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  vkyuiwmrsK;rvkybJ jy|mef;xm;wJh                 aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdygw,f/
wmtygt0if ig;o,HZmwwk;wuf                                        d        aqG ; aEG ; a[majymwm? a&'D , d k ?                            urf;a0;ig;zrf;,mOfawG pepfwus                                                 k f dk f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Oya'awGeYJ tnDvyuizYkdvygw,f/                   Voice : bmrsm;xyfjznfhajymcsif
vmzdkY? ig;rsKd;rokOf;zdkY tygt0if ig;                                    owif;pm? ½kyfjrifoHMum;awGuae                                                d f
                                                                                                                                         pnf;urf;vkuemapa&;? wjcm;wki;                      d f   'grSvnf; EkdifiHwum vkyfxHk;vkyf                ygao;vJ/
vkyfief; bufpHkzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;                                        xkwfjyefaMunmwm? jrpf? acsmif;                                 wpfyg;ig;zrf;avSawG ydkifeufyif                          enf;awGeJY nDnGwfrSmjzpfygw,f/                  Dr.NW : ig;rzrf;& &moD? ig;rzrf;
twGuf aqmif&Guf&ygw,f/                                                             S
                                                                          awGrm a&Smifwcifppfaq;wm? a'o                                                     D
                                                                                                                                         v,feYJ oD;oefYp;yGm;a&;Zkexukd usL;    f J               Voice : rdk;&moD ig;zrf;cGifhydwf               & {&d,mowfrSwfaqmif&Gufjcif;
Voice : jrefrmha&o,HZmwxdef;                                              qkdif&m ig;vkyfief;tzGJUcsKyfawG? ig;                          ausmfzrf;qD;wmrsKd;rjzpfzkdY jynfwGif;                   &moDrSm trSefwu,f a&o,HZmw                                          l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  [m jynfoawG&UJ a&&SntusK;pD;yGm;            f           d
      f                      k
odr;a&;twGuf rd;&moDrmig;zrf;cGihf                   S                    zrf;toif;awGu 0dkif;0ef;BuD;Muyf                               jynfyig;zrf;vkyfief;vkyfudkifolawG                               f f d f          dk f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                  xde;odr;EkizYkd &ifqi&wJtcuftcJ                 twGuf ig;rsKd;rjyKef;atmif umuG,f
    k               f
oH;vydww,fvYdk o&ygw,f/ b,f              d                                aqmfMowmawGvnf; vky&ygw,f/                f                    taeeJY jrefrmEkdifiH&JU pnf;rsOf;Oya'?                   u bmawGygvJ/                                    wm;qD;zdkYjzpfygw,f/ ig;rzrf;&
ae&mawGudkydwfxm;wmygvJcifAsm/                                            Voice : ig;zrf ; cG i f h y d w f x m;wJ h                       d f H                 f
                                                                                                                                         Ekiiwum pnf;rsO;Oya'udav;pm;              k              Dr.NW : ig;rzrf;& &moDywor;          d f d f                 d f d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &moDywor;jcif;[m a&vkyief;ESihf                       f
tm;vHk;em;vnfatmif &Sif;jyay;yg/                                          &moDrSm vkyfief;aqmif&GufrIawG                                 vkdufemzdkYvkdygw,f/                                     wmeJY ywfoufNyD; a&o,HZmwudk                                      l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  qufpyfoawG&UJ a&&SntusKd;pD;yGm;          f
Dr.NW : a&o,HZmwxde;odr;a&;                              f f              atmifjrifzkdY ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;Xme                                            f
                                                                                                                                                 ig;vkyief;OD;pD;taeeJYu trdeYf                   xdxda&mufa&mufxdef;odrf;EkdifzdkY a&            oufoufudkyJ &nf&G,fNyD; EkdifiHawmf
twGuf ZGef? Zlvdkif? Mo*kwfvawGrSm                                        taeeJY b,fXmeawGeJY yl;aygif;                                  nTeMf um;csufu xkwjf yefwm? ouf                          vkyfom;wkdif; pnf;urf;vkdufemzdkY               u owfrSwfjcif;jzpfygw,f/ a&vkyf
ig;rzrf;&&moDtjzpf owfrSwfyg                                              aqmif&Guf&ygovJ/ bmaMumifhyg                                   qkdif&m XmeawGeJY n§dEdIif;aqmif&Guf                          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                  vdovdk ig;rzrf;&e,fajrxJrmvnf;        S         om;awG tcuftcJawGUatmifvkyf
w,f/ weoFm&Dwi;a'oBuD;twGi;      dk f                                 f   vJcifAsm/                                                      ay;wm? a'oxJrSm pDrHcefYcGJay;wm                         w&m;r0if ig;zrf;qD;wmrsKd;udkrvkyf              jcif;r[kwfygbl;/ a&vkyfom;awG
u ig;zrf;uGuf 51 uGurm 32 uGuf                   f S                      Dr.NW : ig;rzrf;&&moDwpfavQmuf                                 eJY owif;&&SdwmawGudkwifjyaqmif                          zdkY vdktyfygw,f/ ig;rzrf;& {&d,m               a&&Snfpm;aomufEkdifa&;? xkwf,l
udk ig;rzrf;&tuGutjzpf owfrwf              f                        S                    S f        h
                                                                          rSm owfrwxm;wJpnf;rsO;pnf;urf;              f                  &GufEkdifwmjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumihf                          wGif;rSm w&m;r0if ig;zrf;avSawG                       k J dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  oH;pGEia&;ESihf obm00ef;usitwGi;                    f          f
ygw,f/ a&eufydkif;u useftuGuf                                                      df
                                                                          twki; atmifatmifjrifjrifaqmif&uf                           G   wcsKUd udpawGrm ig;vkyief;OD;pD;tae
                                                                                                                                                     ö S                 f                        udk pnf;urf;xdef;odrf;MuyfrwfzdkY               rSm aygufzGm;aewJhig;? ykpGefawGudk
20 udkawmh ig;rzrf;&{&d,mtjzpf                                            EkdifzkdYqkd&if jrpfacsmif;? tif;tkdifa&csKd                   eJY owif;&,lwm? oufqkdif&mXme                            t"du vdktyfygw,f/ t"dutaeeJY                         d f                       G f d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  rsK;okO;aysmufu,rI r&Sapa&;twGuf
              S f
owfrwxm;jcif;r&Sygbl;/ tck&moD         d                                         f
                                                                          vkyief;awGrm ig;vkyief;OD;pD;Xmeu
                                                                                              S           f                              udk qufoG,ftaMumif;Mum;wmyJ                              w&m;r0ifig;zrf;avSawGukd pnf;urf;               aqmif&GufpDrHjcif;omjzpfygw,f/
u ig;? ykpGefawGOcsom; aygufavh                                           0efxrf;awG? oufqkdif&m&yfuGuf?                                 vkyfEkdifygw,f/                                          xdef;odrf;rI tcuftcJ[m trsm;qHk;                cPwmBuHK&wJtcuftcJukd onf;cH h
&Sdygw,f/ weoFm&Dwkdif;twGif;u                                            aus;&Gm? NrdKUe,f taxGaxGtkyfcsKyf                             Voice : 'Dvkd ig;zrf;cGiywxm;wJh     hf d f              jzpfygw,f/                                      em;vnfay;zdYk vygw,f/ ig;udt½kyf  kd                        k
        f
uRe;aygif;wpfaxmifavmufrm tJvkd                              S            a&;rSL;OD;pD;Xme? vkdtyfvm&if &Jwyf                            &moDrSm xkdif;u w&m;r0if ig;zrf;                         Voice : tJ'tcuftcJawGukd b,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     D                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a&; Munh&r,fqwhJ twdwwabmif          kd         f
Ocsom;aygufcGifh&zdkY? BuD;xGm;cGifh&zdkY                                 zGUJ uyg yl;aygif;aqmif&u&ygw,f/     G f                       avSawGudk udkifwG,fzdkYtwGuf ig;                         vdkausmfvTm;zdkY &SdygovJ/ vufawGU                        hl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ay:cJz;awmh tJ'tajctaeudra&muf  D                 k
twGuf ig;rzrf;&&moD? ig;rzrf;&                                            urf;eD;? urf;a0; ig;zrf;avSawGudk                              vkyfief;OD;pD;Xme&JU tcef;u@u                                   f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  vkyuiae&wJh OD;pD;XmetaeeJY 'Dupö          d    atmif? ig;rsKd;jyKef;wD;aysmufuG,frI
{&d,mtjzpfowfrSwfaqmif&Gufwm                                              wyfrawmf(a&)eJY yifv,fjyifp;rd;a&;              kd k           bmygvJ/                                                  udk EkdifiHawmfu b,fvdkudkifwG,f                r&SdapzdkY? ig;o,HZmwxdef;odrf;zdkYu
jzpfygw,f/                                                                wyfawGu BuD;MuyfuGyfuJ ppfaq;                                  Dr.NW : xdkif;EkdifiHu w&m;r0if                          ajz&Sif;apcsifygvJ/                             vlom;wkdif;rSm wm0ef&Sdovdk EkdifiH
Voice : vuf&dS jrefrmha&o,HZmw                                            aqmif&Gufygw,f/ EkdifiHjcm;ig;zrf;                                                         k f G f
                                                                                                                                         ig;zrf;avSawGukd udiw,zYkd twGuf                         Dr.NW : trSefajym&&if 'Dudpöudk                 om;wkdif;rSmvnf; wm0ef&Sdygw,f/
taetxm;u vGefcJhwJhq,fESpfueJY                                            avSawG jrefrmha&ydkifeuf yifv,feJY                             uawmh xkdif;EkdifiHtpdk;&eJY xdkif;EkdifiH               ausmfvTm;zdkYqdkwm jynfwGif;a&vkyf
                      G
bmawGumjcm;aeygNyDv/ bmaMumifh                 J                                       D              f
                                                                          oD;oefYp;yGm;a&;ZketwGi; usL;ausmf      f                      ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;XmerSmyJ wm0ef&Sdyg
ygvJ/                                                                                       I d
                                                                          0ifa&mufrr&SzYdk ? yifv,fjyifp;rd;a&;         kd k             w,f/ yifv,fjyifpdk;rdk;a&;udkawmh
Dr.NW : jrefrmha&o,HZmw tae                                               wkdYudk wyfrawmfuaqmif&Guf Muyf                                ig;vkyfief;OD;pD;Xmeu aqmif&Guf
txm;u vGefcJhwJhESpfawGueJY tajc                                                                        f
                                                                          rwfygw,f/ ig;vkyief;OD;pD;Xmetae                               wmr[kwfygbl;/ wyfrawmfuom
taeuawmfawmfav;udk uGmjcm;oGm;                                            eJY yifv,fjyiftxd0ifa&mufppfaq;                                BuD;Muyfaqmif&Gufwmjzpfygw,f/                                                   k    D                     dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ausmif;aygif;pHabmfvabmNydKif - weoFm&Dwi;a'oBuD; tm;upm;ESium,           hf
ygNyD/ 1981? 83 avmufu urÇmh                                              MuyfrwfEkdifjcif;awmhr&Sdygbl;/ 'gudk                          ig;zrf;avSrS r[kwfygbl;/ tjcm;                           ynmaumfrwD Ouú|zvm; xm;0,fc½dkif tajccHynmausmif;aygif;pHk
                 d ©
pm;eyf&umtzGUJ eJY jrefrmEkiiu ynm                  d f H                 wyfrawmfuomaqmif&Gufygw,f/                                     w&m;r0ifavSawG0ifa&muf&ifvnf;                            abmfvDabmNydKifyGJudk Mo*kwfv 18 &ufaeYrS 26 &ufaeYtxd wkdif;tm;upm;
&SifawGyl;aygif;okawoejyKcsuft&                                           Voice : jrefrmha&wyfeJY yifv,f                                                           f
                                                                                                                                         wyfrawmfuom &Si;vif;aqmif&uf                     G       cef;rwGifjyKvkyf&m trsKd;om;av;oif;? trsKd;orD;av;oif; 0ifa&muf,SOf
qdk&if ig;zrf;csdef 1em&DrSm trdEIef;                                     jyifpdk;rdk;a&;wyfawG&JU yl;aygif;yg0if                        ygw,f/                                                   NydKifcJhMuonf/
ydóm 190 0ef;usiavmuf&ygw,f/         f                    dS              rIu b,favmuftwdkif;twmtxd                                      Voice : xdxda&mufa&muf udkif                                       ,if;NydKifyGJü trsKd;om;toif;wGif a&jzLNrdKUe,frS yxrESifh xm;0,fNrdKU
2007 a&mufawmh ta&SUawmiftm&S                                             ta&;BuD;ygovJ/ bmaMumifhygvJ/                                  wG,fajz&Sif;EkdifzdkY b,fvdkenf;vrf;                     e,frS 'kwd,&&SdcJhNyD; trsKd;orD;toif;wGif xm;0,fNrdKUe,frS yxrESifh a&jzL
               f               d
ig;vkyief;zGUH NzdK;wk;wufa&;aumfrwD                                      Dr.NW : jrefrmha&wyfeJY yifv,f                                 awG csrSwfxm;ygovJ/ atmifjrifrI                          NrdKUe,frS 'kwd,&&SdcJhonf/
eJY jrefrmha&vkyfief; okawoeynm                                           jyifpdk;rdk;a&; wyfawG&JUyifv,fjyif                            aum &Sdygovm;/
&SifawGeJYyl;aygif;vkyfwJh okawoe                                         pnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;[m                                Dr.NW : wu,fxxa&mufa&muf      d d                                        k f                           G                 S
                                                                                                                                                                                                  NrdKUe,ftycsKyfa&;rSL;zvm; abmvHk;NydKifyJpwif - 2012 ckEpf xm;0,fNrdKUe,f
jyKcsuft&qkd&if wpfem&DrSm ig;trd                                         t&rf;udkta&;BuD;ygw,f/ yifv,f                                  udiw,ajz&Si;EkizYkdu wpfzufEiiH
                                                                                                                                             k f G f       f d f                        dk f      tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;zvm; &yfuGufESifh aus;&Gmaygif;pHkabmvHk;NydKifyGJudk Mo*kwfv
EIef;u 57 ydómavmufyJ&Sdygawmh                                            ig;zrf;oabFmawGukd ppfaq;jcif;[m                               u ig;zrf;avSawGtaeeJY ukvor*¾                            26 &ufaeYwGif wkdif;tm;upm;uGif;ü pwifjyKvkyfcJhonf/
w,f/ 'gujrefrmhyifv,fjyifrSm ig;                                          omrefrQomjzpfNyD;awmh jrefrmhyifv,f                            &JU yifv,fjyifqkdif&m Oya'udkvkduf                                                 k    JG               G
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ,if;abmvH;NydKifytm; NrdKUay:&yfuuf ig;oif;ESihf aus;&Gmrsm;rSig;oif;
xkxnfyrmPu 1980 ESpfawGeJY                                                a&jyif Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;? ydkifeufa&jyif                         emzdYk vygw,f/ wjcm;Ekiiu w&m;
                                                                                                                                                  kd                       d f H                  yg0if,SOfNydKifrnfjzpfonf/
pm&if oHk;yHkESpfyHkavmuf avsmhenf;                                       umuG,fxdef;odrf;apmifha&Smufa&;                                r0ifig;zrf;avSawG0ifa&mufvyuif              k f kd                 ]]Ek0ifbmvrSmjyKvkyr,fh touf 25 ESpatmuf NrdKUe,faygif;pkabmvH;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                d                   f                 f                   H      k
oGm;w,fqwmudk jyaeygw,f/ ig;
                        dk                                                txd wm0ef,aqmif&uae&wmjzpf
                                                                                                  l         G f                          cGifhvHk;0r&Sdygbl;/ w&m;r0ifvkyf                        NydKifyGJtwGuf vkyfwJhyGJyg}}[k wkdif;a'oBuD;tm;upm;ESihf um,ynmOD;pD;Xme
t&G,tpm;uvnf; ao;ao;vmwm
            f                                                             ygw,f/                                                         udkifwmawGudk zrf;qD;&rdw,fqdk&if                        rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uajymonf/
awGU&w,f/ ig;tvGeftuRHzrf;qD;                                             Voice : tckvdk rdk;&moDig;zrf;cGifh                            vnf; ta&;,ltjypfay;vsuf&Sdyg                                                 G f S            k      k               kH k f k JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                            &yfuuEihf aus;&Gmaygif;pHabmvH;NydKifyJG aemufq;Advvyukd pufwif
wm 'DvkdrsKd;awGudkjzpfapygw,f/                                           yd w f x m;wJ h u mvrS m xk d i f ; Ek d i f i H               w,f/                                                     bmv 24 &ufaeYwGif jyKvkyfrnfjzpfonf/
   b
   38
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012




tajccHOya'cHk½Hk;udk vmrnfUwpfywftwGif; pwifppfaq;rnf
aejynfawmf? Mo*kwf 30
                awmfa&;&maumfrwDrsm;ukd jynfaxmifpktqifhr[kwf[k owfrSwfcJhjcif;aMumifh tajccHOya'cHk½Hk;ukd pGyfpGJjypfwif&ef trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f 163 OD;\ axmufcHcsufjzifh
                twnfjyKcJhonfh EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;udk pGyfpGJonfhtqdktm; jynfolYvTwfawmfu ta&;,laqmif&Guf&eftwGuf Mo*kwfv 29 &ufaeYwGifzGJUpnf;cJhaom pHkprf;
ppfaq;a&;tzGJUonf vmrnfh&ufowåwpfywftwGif; EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;rS Ouú|ESifhtzGJU0ifrsm;ukd ac:,lppfaq;Mum;emoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJU0if ol&
OD;atmifudku The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
              k
        ]]pHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfrwDzUJG NyD; tajccHOya'yk'fr 334 yk'frcGJ (u) vT w f a wmf u quf v uf t a&;,l v vT w f a wmf t pnf ; ta0;wG i f zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;u
olwdkYudk ac:ppf&r,f/ a&SUtywfxJ yk'rcGJ 2 t& zGUJ pnf;yktajccHOya'yg aqmif&GufEdkifyg&ef taMumif;Mum; jynfoYl vwawmfOuú| ol&OD;a&Tref; jynfaxmifpk w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfodkY
                                                f                 H                                                                        T f
rSm ppfr,f/ ½Hk;vkyfief;awG jyifqif jy|mef;csufwpf&yf&yfukd azmufzsuf ygonf} [k yg&Sdonf/                                u ajymMum;onf/                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                           pmcReawmf avQmufxm;cJjh cif;jzpfonf/
aeqJjzpfw,f/ tajctae bmrS usL;vGefjcif;ESifh yk'frcGJi,f 5 t&                                  tqdkygo0PfvTmt& jynfolY                                      kf k
                                                                                                                                  tajccHOya'qdi&mcH½;Hk uvnf;                           d          f       S
                                                                                                                                                                                  trsK;om;vTwawmfEihf jynfoYl
tao;pdwfrodao;ygbl;/ cHk½Hk;udpö Oya't&ay;tyfaom wm0efrsm;udk vTwfawmfwGif qufvufta&;,l vTwfawmfESpf&yf\ pGyfpGJjypfwif&ef vTwfawmf ESpf&yfaygif;jzifh zGJUpnf;
NyD;rS vTwfawmfNyD;rSmyg/ wef;vef; ausyGefpGmraqmif&GufEdkifjcif;aMumifh aqmif&GufEdkif&eftwGuf pHkprf;a&; aqmif&GufrIudk wHkYjyefaomtm;jzifh xm;aom jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
xm;cJhvdkYr&awmhbl;/ aemufqHk; ,if;wdkYtm; pGyfpGJjypfwifonfh ta&; tzGUJ udk tzGUJ 0if 19 OD;jzifh zGUJ pnf;cJum jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfodkY pm udk,fpm;vS,frsm;rSm jynfolvlxku
                                                                                                                       h
tqifha&mufaeNyD/ pGyfpGJjypfwifwJh BuD;tqdukd trsK;om;vTwawmf ud,f jynfolYvTwfawmf'kwd,Ouú| OD;eE´ cRefvTm avQmufxm;aMumif; cHk½Hk;\ wdkuf½dkufa&G;cs,fwifajr§mufxm;ol
                                                      k       d        f          k
[mudk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu pm;vS,f 162 OD;u vufrwa&;xd;NyD; ausmfpGmu Ouú|? tzGJU0ifrsm;tjzpf 0ufbqupmrsuEmwGiazmfjyonf/ rsm;NyD; tpd;&tzGUJ 0if0efBuD;rsm;? jynf
                                                                     S f        k                                                 f kd f               fS f                               k
twnfjyKNyD;rSyJ vTwfawmfem;rSmjzpf 2012 ckEpf Mo*kwv 24 &ufaeY yxr OD;wDcejf rwf? ol&OD;atmifu?kd a'gufwm
                                                        S       f                            G                                      k f H                     k
                                                                                                                                  EdiiawmfzUJG pnf;yHtajccHOya' axmifpka&SUaecsKyf? pm&if;ppfcsKyfESifh
ygw,f/ pHkprf;a&;aumfrwDu vm tBudrf trsKd;om;vTwfawmf pwkw¬ pd;&if? OD;aomif;? OD;0if;xde?f OD;0if;jrif?h qdkif&m cHk½Hk;u vTwfawmftoD;oD;rS jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;
                                                                                         k
r,fhtywfxJ ½HHk;xdkifygvdrfhr,f}} [k yHkrSeftpnf;ta0; 33 &ufaeYajrmuf a':'GJbl? OD;armifOD;? a':eef;0gEk? zGUJ pnf;xm;aom aumfrwD? aumfr&Sif rsm;rSm Ediiawmfor®wu trnfpm&if;       kfH
¤if;uajymqdkonf/                              wGif udk,fpm;vS,f 162 OD;udk,fpm; OD;b&Sdef? a':jrifhjrifhoef;? a':eef; ESifh tzGJUwdkYukd jynfaxmifpktqifh wifoGif;NyD; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
        pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJU0if trsKd; trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f aptGm? a':wifE,O;? OD;pd;0if;wdYkyg0if r[kwf[k teuft"dyÜm,fzGifhqdk qH; \ twnfjyKcsufjzifh cefYtyfcHxm;&
                                                                                                        G fD k                                                           k
om; tiftm;pkygwDrS jynfolYvTwf OD;aZmfjrifhazu ta&;BuD;tqdktjzpf MuaMumif; vTwawmfxrS od&onf/ jzwfconfrm zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' olrsm;jzpfygonf/
                                                                                                         f       H             hJ            S
awmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;pdk;0if;uvnf; wifoGif;cJhygonf/ ta&;BuD;tqdk                               ]trsK;om;vTwawmf\ qH;jzwf ESifhtnD aqmif&GufcJhjcif;jzpfNyD; cHk½Hk;
                                                                                                    d        f       k                                                            2008 tajccHOya'wGif jynf
vmrnfh&ufowåwpfywftwGif; ppf ESifhpyfvsOf;í vTwfawmf\ twnf csufudk zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' yk'fr \ tqHk;tjzwfonf zGJUpnf;yHktajc axmifpvwawmftm; Ediiawmfor®w                        k T f             kfH
                                                                                                                                         f                  k          f
aq;a&;vkyfief;rsm; pwifrnfjzpfNyD; jyKcsuf&,l&mü &Sd&if;pGJvTwfawmf 71? yk'fr 334 wdkYt& qufvuf cHOya'yk'r 324 ESihf cH½;Hk Oya'yk'r 23 tygt0if tpdk;&tzGJU0if0efBuD;rsm;?
tao;pdwfudkrl ajymMum;ír&ao; udk,fpm;vS,f 223 OD;teuf oHk;yHk ta&;,laqmif&Guf&ef trsKd;om; wdkYt& tNyD;tjywftwnfjzpfonf/ jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyf? jynf
aMumif; The Voice Weekly odkYajym ESpfyHkausmfjzpfaom 163 OD;u EdkifiH vTwfawmfu jynfolYvTwfawmfodkY                              vTwfawmfrsm;taejzifh ,if; axmifpka&SUaecsKyf? pm&if;ppfcsKyf?
Mum;onf/                                      awmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&m ay;ydkYvmygw,f/ zGJUpnf;yHktajccH qHk;jzwfcsufudk vdkufemjcif;r&Sdonfh tajccHOya'cH½;Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;   k kH
        Mo*kwv 29 &ufaeYwiusi;y cHk½Hk;ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm;tm; pGyfpGJjypfwif Oya'yk'r 71 ESihf 334 wdYt& Ediiawmf tjyif zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'udk csK;d azmuf udyg pGypjJG ypfwifjcif;jyKvkyEionfh
                  f             Gf f                                                             f             k   kfH                         k                             k       f                       f kd f
                                                                                                                                                 G f
aom jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0; onfhtqdkudk axmufcHqE´jyKcJhMu zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&m cHk½Hk; onfh aqmif&ucsufrsm; jyKvkyjf cif;? tcsufrsm;udk jy|mef;ay;xm;aMumif;
                                                                                                                          k                                      f
odkY vTwfawmfOuú|xH trsKd;om; onf/ odkYjzpfygí zGJUpnf;yHktajccH Ouú|ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm;tay: ta&;,l cH½;Hk Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;udk pGypjJG ypfwif jynfaxmifpvwawmf ud,pm;vS,f             k T f        k f
vTwawmfOuú|u o0Pfvmwpfapmif Oya'yk'fr 70 yk'frcGJ (C) t& tqdk aqmif&GufEdkifa&;twGuf zGJUpnf;yHk rIjyKvkyfjcif;? tqdkwifoGif;qHk;jzwf rsm;u ajymMum;onf/
      f                       T
ay;ydYkcNhJ yD; ,if;o0PfvmxJwif ]cH½; onf twnfjzpfygojzifh trsKd;om; tajccHOya'ESifhtnD pHkprf;ppfaq; jcif;wdYkuaqmif&ucojzifh Ediiawmf
                           T       G k kH                                                                                             kd             G f hJ        kfH
                                                                                                           k f
Ouú|ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm;onf zGJUpnf;yHk vTwfawmf\ pGyfpGJcsufudk jynfolY a&;tzGUJ udk zGUJ pnf;vduonf[k Mo*kwf



        rauG;wdkif;ynma&;rSL;½Hk;udk "mwfyHk½dkufonfU DVB                                                                        jrefrmEkdifiHNrdKY BuD;ajcmufNrdKY tJuarÇmZ
                                                                                                                                 wkd;csJYysHoef;rnf
        owif;axmufESifU rdwfaqGESpfOD;w&m;pGJcH&                                                                                 &efukef? Mo*kwf 30
        &efukef? Mo*kwf 29
                 rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD; ynma&;rSL;½Hk;udk cGifhjyKcsufr&bJ "mwfyHk½dkuful;onfh aemfa0EdkifiHtajcpdkuf 'Drdk
        u&ufwpf jrefrmhtoH (DVB) \ rauG;wdi;a'oBuD;tajcpduf owif;axmufESifh taygif;tygESpfOD;udk
                                                          kf               k
        vufaxmufwdkif;a'oBuD; ynma&;rSL;½Hk;u w&m;vdkjyKvkyfí wm0ef0wå&m;aESmifh,SufrIjzifh Mo*kwfv
        25 &ufaeYwGif w&m;pGJqdkvdkufaMumif; tqdkygwdkif;a'oBuD; rauG;NrdKU NrdKUr&Jpcef;xHrS od&onf/
                 DVB owif;axmuf\trnfrSm OD;aZmfaz (c) ol&oufwifjzpfNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHrS e0rwef;ausmif;om;
        rsm;udk *syefEdkifiHodkYavhvma&; apvTwfrnfhtpDtpOfwGif rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD;rS ausmif;ol ausmif;om;
                                                                d                     kd f
        rsm;vnf; avQmufxm;rnfjzpfaomaMumifh owif;&&S&eftwGuf oufqi&mynma&;rSL;½Hk;odkY oGm;a&mufar;
        jref;cJhNyD;aemufydkif; txufygtwdkif; w&m;pGJqdkcH&jcif;jzpfaMumif; OD;aZmfazuajymMum;onf/
                 ]]uRefawmfh SONY AD'D,dkuifr&meJY Memory Stick awGudk &Jpcef;u odr;f xm;ygw,f/ ckuReawmfwdkY f
        tmrcH,lNyD;aeaeygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
                 DVB owif;axmuf OD;aZmfazonf Mo*kwfv 24 &ufaeY nae 4 em&DwGif tqdkygowif;twGuf
        vufaxmufynma&;rSL;xH oGm;a&mufar;jref;aomfvnf; tjcm;wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;xH vTJajymif;vdkufNyD;
        xdkolxH oGm;a&mufar;jref;aomfvnf; ajzMum;jcif;r&SdaomaMumifh jyefvmcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;owif;                                           d f H     d f
                                                                                                                                           jrefrmEkiiom;wki;&if;om;ydif k                                dS
                                                                                                                                                                                      tJuarÇmZvuf&ajy;qGaeaom J
        oGm;,l&mwGif vdkufygcJhonfh ausmif;om;rdbwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                            jynfwGif;avaMumif;vkdif;wpfckjzpf            av,mOfrsm;onfjyifopfEdkifiHvkyf
                 tqdkyg Mo*kwfv 24 &ufaeY nae 4 em&D 35 rdepfwGif wdkif;a'oBuD; ynma&;rSL;½Hk;tay:xyf                            aom tJuarÇmZavaMumif;vdi;onf     kf          av,mOfrsm;jzpfNyD; xyfrHa&muf&Sd
        tcef;wGif pma&;a':jrifhjrifhaX;onf vufESdyfpuf½dkufaepOf 'Drdku&ufwpfjrefrmhtoH (DVB) rSqol trnf   kd                    jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd NrdKUBuD;ajcmufNrdKUodkY               h
                                                                                                                                                                              vmrnfav,mOfrsm;onfvnf; ,if;
        rod trsKd;om;ESpfOD;u *syefavhvma&;c&D;pOfESifhywfoufí ar;jref;rnf[kajymqdkum 0ifa&mufvmojzifh                           av,mOfopfoHk;pif;jzifh ,ckESpf                 d f H k f
                                                                                                                                                                              Ekiivyav,mOfrsm;jzpfum tqkyg         d
        a':jrifhjrifhaX;tygt0if 0efxrf;ajcmufOD;u wm0ef&Sdolrsm; aqG;aEG;yGJoGm;aeaMumif;? txuftrdefYr&&Sd                                    dk          d H
                                                                                                                                 atmufwbmrSpí wk;csUJ ysoef;ajy;qGJ           av,mOfoHk;pif;onf ATR-72-600
                                                                                    kd f
        bJ Xmevkyfief;rsm;udk ajymqdkír&aMumif;ajymqdkcJhNyD; vufaxmufwi;ynma&;rSL; OD;armifaiG\ ½H;cef;odkY    k                       D
                                                                                                                                 &efppOfxm;aMumif; ,if;avaMumif;              SERIES jzpfaMumif;? c&D;onf 68
        ydkYaqmifcJhaMumif;? OD;armifaiGu Xmepnf;urf;twdkif;aqmif&Gufaeí ajymqdkcGifhr&SdaMumif; ajymqdkaepOf                    vkdif;rS wm0ef&SdoluajymMum;onf/             OD; vkdufygpD;eif;EdkifaMumif; ¤if;xHrS
        xdktrsKd;om;wpfOD;u ZGwftwif;0ifa&muf"mwfyHk½dkuful;aeojzifh OD;armifaiGu ¤if;\½Hk;cef;tjyifbufodkY                                ,if;odkYajy;qGJ&mwGif ausmuf       pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                           kd f l h
        xGufoGm;cJh&m ¤if;trsKd;om;ESpfOD;rSm rSwfwrf;wif"mwfyHkrsm; qufvuf½uu;cJaMumif; rauG;wdi;a'oBuD; kf                     jzL? Aef;armf? ylwmtkdc&D;pOfopfrsm;                 tqkdygavaMumif;vkdif;onf
        NrdKUr&Jpcef;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                                      tygt0if ,cifajy;qGJrI&yfem;xm;               2010 jynfhESpfwGif pwifajy;qGJum
                 txufygtaMumif;t&mESifhywfoufí vufaxmufwkdif;ynma&;rSL; OD;armifaiGxHokdY rauG;NrKdU&Sd                          aom rHk&Gm? [kr®vif;? aejynfawmf             vuf&SdjynfwGif;c&D;pOf 14 ckudk av
        The Voice Weekly owif;axmufu oGm;a&mufar;jref;&m ¤if;taejzifh jyefvnfajymqkdEkdifjcif;r&SdaMumif;
        jiif;qkdonf/                                                                                                             c&D;pOfrsm;udkygjyefvnfajy;qGJrnf                     S f             J    f dS
                                                                                                                                                                              ,mOfEppif;jzifh ajy;qGvsu&aMumif;
                 tqdkyg wdkif;ynma&;rSL;½Hk;udk cGifhjyKcsufr&bJ "mwfyHk½dkuful;ol DVB owif;axmufol&oufwif                       jzpfaMumif; ¤if;utoday;ajymMum;                                  kf
                                                                                                                                                                              ,if;avaMumif;vdi;xHrS od&&onf/    dS
        (c) OD;aZmfazESifhtwl vdkufygvmol OD;pdk;jrifh? 0if;jrifh (c) vdIifvdIifwdkYoHk;OD;udk Oya't& ta&;,lay;yg&ef             onf/                                                         dfH G
                                                                                                                                                                                      jrefrmEkiiwif ,if;avaMumif;
        rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD; vufaxmufwdkif;ynma&;rSL; OD;armifaiGu w&m;vdkjyKwdkifwef;cJh&m oufqdkif&m                                       ]]av,mOfawGu atmufwbm     dk       vkdif;tygt0if tJyk*H? at;&Sm;0if;?
        rauG;NrdKU? NrdKUr&Jpcef;u (y) 204^ 12 yk'fr 448^353^114 jzifh Mo*kwf v 25 &ufaeYwGif trIzGifhppfaq;                              fD                   D
                                                                                                                                 rSmESpp;? 'DZifbmrSmwpfp;a&mufr,f/           tJrEÅav;? jrefrmavaMumif;? &efuef      k
        vsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;&Jpcef;xHrSpHkprf; od&Sd&onf/                                                                                              k    J
                                                                                                                                 NrdKUajcmufNrdKUudajy;qGr,f}}[k ¤if;u                                G f
                                                                                                                                                                              tJa0;wkYd onf jynfwi;c&D;pOfrsm;udk
                                                                                                                                 twnfjyKajymqkdonf/                           ajy;qGJvsuf&Sdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  39
  Monday, September 3 - 9, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                         The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE


weoFm&DwGif ausmufrD;aoG;qefhusifrI t&Sdefwuf
owif;aqmif;yg; -                 Dawei Watch                     (30-8-2012)
           tif ta&;wBuD;vkdtyfojzihf              jrefrmEkdifiHawmifykdif; weoFm&Da'owGif ausmufrD;aoG;puf½kHrsm; qufwkdufaqmufvkyf&efpDpOfrIaMumifh aemufqkH;uefYuGufoHxGufvmonfhae&mrSm
           Nrdwfa'ojzpfvmonf/
        xm;0,fausmufr;D aoG;ok;H "mwf             rsm;pGm ysHUvGihfEkdifNyD; xGuf&Sdvmaom                   rsKd;qufausmif;om; OD;ausmfausmf                obm0usaMumif; xm;0,fa'o                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                          &yfay;yg/ tpm;xk;avmifpmpuf½udk                 Hk
tm;ay;puf½kHukd &yfqkdif;tNyD; &Spfv              "mwfowåKrsm;aMumifh touf½Lvrf;                 S          oufu qdkonf/                                    zGHUNzdK;a&;tzGJU (DDA) \ xm;0,f              aqmufay;yg/ a0;vHwJhae&mukd
cefYtMum aumhaomif; Nrdwc½kif avmh f d            aMumif;qkdif&m a&m*grsm;? uifqm                                   ]]Nrdwf 88 uawmif;qdkwmjzpf             n§dEdIif;a&;rSL; OD;oefYZifuqdkonf/           ajymif;a&TUay;ygqkdNyD;awmh uRefawmf
avmhaus;&GmwGif wnfaqmufrnfh                      a&m*g? ta&jym;,m;,Hjcif;? tm½kH                                h hJ d ö
                                                                                                            oifwupyg/ obm0"mwfaiGUeJY vQyf                                       f       k f
                                                                                                                                                                      a'owGi; tajcpduaom urÇm             wkdY qE´jywm}}[k 'Drkdu&ufwpfygwD
50 r*¾g0yf&Sd ausmufrD;aoG;okH;"mwf                            dk                   Hk
                                                  aMumxdcujf cif;ESifh ESv;a&m*gponfh                       ppf"mwftm; &&ifawmh ydk0rf;om&                  ausmfpGrf;tifukrÜPDrsm;u ywf0ef;              (jrefrm)\ weoFm&Dwkdif;a'oBuD;
tm; ay;puf½kHukd w&m;0ifuefYuGuf                        f               dk f I
                                                  use;rma&;xdcurrsm;&djS cif;? orkwf                        wmaygh}} [k ¤if;urSwfcsufjyKonf/                usifxcurr&SbJ toefYpifq; pGr;
                                                                                                                                                                       d kd f I d                 kH f           H                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                          pnf;½k;a&;rSL;OD;oef;xGe;u ajymMum;
aeMujcif;jzpfonf/                                 jrpfaMumif;wpfavQmuf&dS aus;&Gmrsm;?                              Nrdwf 88 rsKd;quf\ tqdkt&               tif[kqdkEdkifonfh obm0"mwfaiGU                onf/
        xm;0,f? aumhaomif;ESifh Nrdwf             a'ocHrsm; ig;yd? ig;ajcmufvkyfief;                                     l k            kH S
                                                                                                            a'ocHvxudk puf½Eihf ywfoufNyD;                  rsm; xdkif;EdkifiHodkY ukAayoef;csDí                   NrdwfNrKdUwGif wnfaqmufrnfh
wkdYrSm xkdif;EkdifiHokdY obm0"mwftm;                                        f
                                                  tygt0ifa&vkyief;rsm;vnf; xdcuf                       dk   aoaocsmcsm &Sif;jyjcif;r&SdbJ eD;pyf            aeYpOfwifydkYaecsdefwGif a'ocHrsm;u           ausmufrD;aoG;okH; vQyfppf"mwftm;
ukAayoef;csDaeYpOf a&mif;csaeonhf                                   d f
                                                  jcif;jzpfvmEkiaMumif; Nrdwtajcpkuf        f        d      &m vltenf;i,fuom&Si;jyNyD; vuf
                                                                                                                                     kd         f           tnpfnrf;qHk;puf½kHjzihf pGrf;tifay;           ay;puf½kHukd 18 vjzihf tNyD;owf
              d f
"mwfaiGUokursm;wnf&&m weoFm&D   dS                88 rsKd;qufausmif;om;rsm;tzGJUu                           rSwfxdk;cdkif;cJhaMumif; od&onf/                                   D          kH
                                                                                                                                                            rnfh ausmufr;aoG;puf½rsm; 0ef;usif            wnfaqmufrnfjzpfNyD; weoFm&D
wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd c½kdifNrKdUokH;ck          aMunmcsufxkwfjyefvkdufonf/                                        ausmufzsm&Gm? avmhavmh&Gm?              wGifr&Sd&ef ½kef;uefae&qJ jzpfonf/               d f               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                          wki;a'oBuD;tpk;& vQyppfEifh pufrI   f S
jzpfonf/                                                    ,if;ausmufr;D aoG;puf½udk uefY    Hk            ork w f & G m ES i f h uRJ u l ; &G m rsm;onf             ]]todynmay;wmawGvnf;                vufrI 0efBuD;XmeESihf oef;NzKd;ol
                            D
        ,if;ausmufr;aoG;puf½onf         Hk        uGuf&ef Nrdwftajcpkduf 88 ausmif;                         ausmufrD;aoG;puf½HkESifh teD;qHk;                      f                            d
                                                                                                                                                            vkyaew,f}}[k NrdwNf rdKUrS 88 rsK;quf         ukrÜPDwkdY Zlvkdifv 27 &ufaeYwGif
avmhavmhaus;&Gm t.r.uausmif;ESifh                 om;rsm;tzGUJ u vufrwrsm;vkuvH    S f             d f      aus;&Gmrsm;jzpfNyD; ,ckvuf&SdwGif               ausmif;om;wpfOD;uqdkonf/                      em;vnfrI pmcRefvTma&;xkd;cJhonf/
NcHpnf;½kd;wpfckomjcm;NyD; orkwf                  pkaqmif;vsuf&Sdonf/                                       Nrdwf 88 rS ausmufrD;aoG; "mwftm;                         8 r*¾g0yf"mwftm;xkwvyEif f k f dk                 d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wki;f a'oBu;D twGi;f xm;0,f
txufwef;ausmif;ESihf jrpfwpfjrpf                              k f
                                                            wdi;a'oBuD;twGi; pD;yGm;a&;   f                 ay;puf½Hkqdkif&m todynmay;rIrsm;                onfh aumhaomif;ausmufraoG;"mwf   D            a'oüwnfaqmuf&ef&nf&G,fcJhaom
omjcm;aMumif;? puf½kHukd *syefenf;                zGHUNzdK;rItwGuf vQyfppf"mwftm;                           udk vkyfaqmifaeNyD; Mo*kwfv 28                  tm;ay;puf½kHonf prf;oyfarmif;ESif             ausmufr;aoG;puf½rm vlxuefYuuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          D        Hk S            k         G
ynmESifh wnfaqmufrnfjzpfNyD; ,ck                      k           f            h
                                                  vdtyfcsuukd jznfqnf;Edi&ef aqmif      kf                  &ufaeYwGifvnf; a'ocH 150 cefY                   pOfwGifyif toHqlnHvGef;jcif;? an§mf                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                                                          rIaMumifh yxrqk;H &yfem;cJ&Ny;D jzpfonf/
vuf&dS w½kwjf ynfoUl or®wEkiiH xkwf  df           &Gufaeonf[k weoFm&Dwdkif;a'o                              vufrSwfa&;xdk;NyD; EdkifiHawmfor®w              eHY rcHEkdifjcif;wkdYaMumifh puf½kHESihfuyf            ,if ; aemuf ,if ; a'owG i f
pufrsm;a&mufaeNyDjzpfaMumif; Nrdwf                BuD;0efBuD;csKyfOD;jrwfudku xm;0,f                        xH toem;cHpmay;ydkYcJhMuonf/                    vsuf&Sda'ocHjynfolrsm; txdwf                  obm0"mwftm;ay;okH;puf½kHwnf
tajcpdkuf 88 rsKd;qufausmif;om;                   NrdKUwGif jyKvkyfaom tpnf;ta0;                                    ]]vuf&Sduawmh uRefawmfwdkY              wvefYjzpfcJh&NyD; uefYuGufrIrsm;ukd           aqmufum vmrnfhESpfykdif;twGif;
rsm;tzGJUxHrS od&onf/                             wpf&yfwGif NyD;cJhonfh&ufydkif;twGif;                                               f
                                                                                                            a'ocHawGu us,us,jf yefYjyefYawmh                t&Sejf r§ium vkyaqmifvmMuonf/
                                                                                                                                                                  d fh             f                      xuf0ufcefY oufomrnfaps;EIe;jzihf       h      f
               f
        ]]uReawmfwYdkvnf; w½kwqif          f dk   u ajymMum;cJhonf/                                         rodao;bl;/ trsm;twGufaumif;                               aumhaomif;ausmufr;D aoG;puf½Hk      "mwftm;jzefYa0&ef pDpOfaeNyDjzpfonf/
         D
u,fp;zl;wmyJ/ w½kwpufu w½kwf  f                             a'otwGif;wGif vQyfppf"mwf                       r,fqdk&iffawmh vufcHMurSmyg/ qdk;               ukd &yfuGufaevlxku EkdifiHawmf                         ]]yifv,feJY a&vkyfief;ukd tm;
                          d
pufy}J }[k Nrdwf 88rsK;qufausmif;om;              tm;vdktyfaeonfrSm rSefaomfvnf;                            usKd;&Sdr,fqdk&ifawmh uefYuGufrSmyJ}}           or®wxH ok;BudrpmwifuefYuuNf yD;
                                                                                                                                                                              H f                   G                 h
                                                                                                                                                                                                          xm;&wJtwGuf tat;cef;puf½awG?               Hk
u rSwfcsufjyKonf/                                 vQyfppf"mwftm;vdktyfcsufwpfck                             [k touf 42 ESpf t&G,f ausmufzsm                 jzpfaomfvnf; Xmeqkdif&mrsm;u                                    Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                                          a&cJpuf½awGvnfywfEizYdku ta&;     dk f
        puf½kHrSm vlae&yfuGuftwGif;               wnf;aMumifh usefonfh obm0ywf                              &GmcHwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                       ta&;w,laqmif&GufrIr&Sday/                     BuD;wJhtcsufjzpfygw,f/ vuf&Sd
&Sdaejcif;? puf½kHrS pGefYypfjymrsm;? a&                     fS             k d kd f kd f
                                                  0ef;usiEihf vlxxcuEionfrsm;udk                                    vlxkusef;rma&;ESifh a&&Snf                                       D
                                                                                                                                                                      vlaomif;csqE´jy&ef w&m;0if          wpf,lepf usyf 400 aps;EIef;&SdwJh
rsm;ESihf rD;ckd;aiGUrsm;onf rkdifaygif;                  f               h
                                                  rvkyaqmifoifaMumif; xm;0,f 88                             obm0ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufrItwGuf                   pmwifxm;aomfvnf; ESpfBudrfy,f                 vQyfppf"mwftm;ukd 200 ausmfausmf
                                                                                                            vHkavmufonfh tmrcHcsufray;Edkif                 cscHxm;&onf/                                  avmufeJY &awmhrSmyg}}[k OD;jrwfukd
                                                                                                            aom ausmufrD;aoG;puf½Hkrsm;tay:                           ]]puf½kHukd qE´jywm? yk*¾dKvfeJY    u ajymMum;onf/
tar&duef tm;upm;oHwreftzGJY                                                                                 wGif vlxktaejzifh pdk;&drfonfrSm                rqkdifbl;/ ausmufrD;aoG;puf½kHukd                                           Dawei Watch



jrefrmEkdifiHodkhvma&muf                                                                                        &cdkif'ku©onfrsm; tm;ay;ESpfodrfUrIvdk[k OD;ausmfolqdk
&efukef? Mo*kwf 26
                                                                                                                &efukef? Mo*kwf 24
          jrefrmEkdifiHESifh tar&duefjynf         26 &ufaeY(we*FaEGaeY)wGif av
axmifpktMum; ,Ofaus;rIqkdif&m yl;                 aMumif;c&D;pOfjzifh vma&mufrnf                                        a'owGif; y#dyu©jzpfyGm;cJhrIrsm;aMumifh tdk;rJhtdrfrJhjzpfcJhMuonfh &cdkifrD;ab;oifh'ku©onfpcef;rsm;rS
aygif;aqmif&GufrIwkd;jr§ihf&eftvkdYiSm            jzpfaMumif; owif;xkwjf yefcsufwif    G                        'ku©onfrsm;udk pdwf"mwfydkif;qdkif&mtm;ay;ESpfodrfhrIrsm;? todynmay;rIrsm;udkyg jyKvkyfay;&ef vdktyf
tar&duefaMu;pm;bwfpuufabm                         yg&Sdonf/                                                     vsuf&SdaMumif; ema&;ulnDrItoif; (&efukef) Ouú|OD;ausmfolu ppfawGNrdKUema&; ulnDrItoif;om;rsm;ESifh
tm;upm;orm;rsm;ESihf enf;jyrsm;onf                        tm;upm;oHwrefrsm;tzGJUü                               NyD;cJhonfh &ufowåwpfywfu ppfawGNrdKUpD;wD;ydGKifhüawGUqHkpOf ajymMum;onf/
]tm;upm;oHwref}rsm;tjzpf ,ck                      ,cif jrefrmEkdifiHom;a[mif;jzpfNyD;                                   ]]u,fq,fa&;tzGJUawGuay;&if ydkNyD;taumif;&r,fqdkNyD; udk,fhypönf;udk,fzsufqD;ypfwmawG t&if
&ufowåwpfywftwGif; jrefrmEkdifiH                  ,cktcg tar&duefjynfaxmifpk                                    *D&drkefwdkif;wdkufwkef;u&SdcJhw,f/ tckvnf; y#dyu©jzpfwkef;u tJ'DvdkrsKd; udk,fhtdrfudk,frD;½dIUNyD; xGufajy;oGm;
odkYa&muf&SdvmaMumif; &efukeftajc                 Charlotte Bobcats bwf p uf a bm
                                                                                                                MuwmawG&Sdw,f/ tJ'gawGu t&rf;qdk;0g;wJhvkyf&yfawGyg}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
pdkuf tar&duefoH½Hk;rS w&m;0if                    toif;refae*sm Richard Cho vnf;                                        &cdkifjynfe,fü ZGefv 8 &ufaeYu pwifjzpfyGm;cJhaom y#dyu©jzpfyGm;rIrsm;wGif b*FgvDrsm;rSm ¤if;wdkY\
owif;xkwfjyefvkdufonf/                            yg0ifaMumif;? avhmpftif*svd'fpf                               aetdrfrsm;udk ¤if;wdkYudk,fwdkif rD;½dIUxGufajy;cJhaMumif; a'ocHrsm;\ajymMum;csufrsm;udk udk;um;um
          tar&dueftm;upm;oHwref                   avumpf t oif ; rS vuf a xmuf                                  OD;ausmfolu ,if;odkYajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/
av;OD;yg0ifonfhtzGJUonf ,ck&uf                    enf;jy David Ham? ,ciftrsKd;om;                                       ]]'DtdrfrSmvnf; vmNyD;wnf;w,f/ 'Dtdrfudkvnf; tydkifpD;csifw,fqdkwm uRefawmfhtaeeJY vHk;0vuf
owåwpfywftwGif; jrefrmEdkifiHodkY                 bwfpuufabmtoif; tm;upm;                                       rcHEdkifygbl;/ vlqdkwm vlYusifh0wfpnf;urf;awGudk vdkufem&w,f}} [k ¤if;u jznfhpGufajymMum;onf/
a&muf&vmaMumif;? xdoYkd vma&muf
            dS                  k                 orm; Allison Feaster ESihf ,cif NBA                                   ppfawGNrdKUtygt0if y#dyu©jzpfyGm;cJhonfha'orsm;&Sd 'ku©onfpcef;rsm;rS 'ku©onfvlBuD;? vli,f?
                                                                                                                uav;utp pdwf'Pf&mtenf; trsm;cHpm;aeMu&aMumif;? ¤if;wdkYudk pdwfydkif;qdkif&m tm;ay;ESpfodrfhrIrsm;?
                           dk f
rIonf tar&duefEiijH cm;a&;0efBuD;                 toif;upm;orm; Marty Conion                                    todynmay;rIrsm; ponfwdkYudk oufqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;u pdwf"mwfa&;&m uRrf;usifolynm&Sifrsm;jzifh
Xmeu yHhykd;ulnDaom ]ynm&yfydkif;                 wdkYvnf;yg0ifaMumif; owif;xkwf                                pDrHudef;csjyKvkyfay;oifhaMumif; tqdkyga'orS'ku©onfrsm;udk ulnDapmifha&SmufrIrsm; jyKvkyfaeonfh trnf
qkdif&m? yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIqkdif&m              jyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                    razmfvdkol q&m0efwpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/ ¤if;q&m0efrSm ppfawGNrdKUay:&Sd 'ku©onfpcef;rsm;udk ulnDapmifh
ESifh rwluGJjym;jcm;em;rItay:tod                          tar&duefjynfaxmifpkonf                                a&Smufay;aeaom 0Hvufazmifa';&Sif;wGif ulnDvkyfudkifay;aeoljzpfonf/
trSwfjyK av;pm;vkd