A Study on Resource Management using Remote by csehk2k12


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									          A Study on Resource Management using Remote
                        Sensing & GIS
                                                Sumit Kumar Gupta
                             Asstt. Prof. ECE Deptt.,IIMT Engineering College, Meerut

     Abstract:                                           been dedicated      to   monitoring    the   global
       Remote Sensing and Geographic Information         environment.
System (GIS) techniques become potential and                   Through this paper the author has tried to
essential     tools   for    environment    resource     stress the importance of remote sensing and GIS
management. Remote sensing provides data on              applications. Remote Sensing and GIS technology is
earth’s available resources where as GIS co-relates      a useful tool for following and managing natural
different kinds of available resources, so as to use     resources. Using Remote Sensing and GIS
them in various fields for the development of human      technology to quickly detect changing of
being such as Agriculture, Land management, Civil        environment by time, preventing natural disaster to
Engineering, Marine, Fire Hazard, Water Resource         serve agriculture.
Management and so many fields. Remote sensing                 Key words: Geographic Information System
technology in recent years has proved to be of great     (GIS), Earth observation (EO), DTM
importance in acquiring data for effective resources
management. For this Remote sensing and GIS are
used to generate development models by integrating
the information on natural resources, demographic
and socio-economic data in a GIS domain with
satellite data. A number of satellite systems have
Introduction                                                   Active Sensors emits energy in order to scan
      Remote sensing is the technique to get the         objects and areas whereupon a sensor then detects
information about an object, without making              and measures the radiation that is reflected or
physical contact with the object. In this Science age,   backscattered from the target. RADAR is an
the remote sensing refers to the use of aerial sensor    example of active remote sensing where the time
technologies to detect and identify objects on Earth.    delay between emission and return is measured,
It may be on the surface or in atmosphere or in          establishing the location, height, speeds and
oceans. Remote sensing use the propagated signals        direction of an object.
e.g. electromagnetic radiation emitted from aircraft           A Geographic Information System (GIS)
or satellites.                                           integrates hardware, software, and data for
     There are two main types of remote sensing:         capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all
                                                         forms of geographically referenced information. GIS
     1. Passive Remote Sensing                           also allows the integration of these data sets for
     2. Active Remote Sensing.                           deriving meaningful information and outputting the
      Passive sensors detect natural radiation that is   information derivatives in map format or tabular
emitted or reflected by the object or surrounding
area being observed. Reflected sunlight is the most
common source of radiation measured by passive           Views of a GIS
sensors. Examples of passive remote sensors include
film photography, infrared, charge-coupled devices,           A GIS can be viewed in three ways:
and radiometers.
                                                                                                 ISSN 2231-3842

      1) The Database View: A GIS is a unique            then have to compare both the DTM.As we
kind of database –a geographic database. It is an        subtracted the two DTM, you can find the area
"Information      System        for      Geography."     whose value is exceeding from mean value. That
Fundamentally, a GIS is based on a structured            area could be area of land slide. In the analysis of
database that describes in geographic terms.             land sliding, Digital image processing plays an
        2) The Map View: A GIS is a set of               important role of analysis.
intelligent maps that shows the features relationships         Remote sensing & GSI can be used in the field
on the earth's surface. Maps of the underlying           of medical & Public Health Interaction. The use of
geographic information can be constructed and used       remote sensing and GIS as a tool is applied for
as "windows into the database" to support queries,       better understanding of infectious disease and
analysis, and editing of the information.                environmental health interactions. We can study any
       3) The Model View: A GIS is a set of              rural area with the help of spatial data available
information transformation tools that derive new         from remote sensing & GIS. We can calculate the
geographic datasets from existing datasets. These        infected area & non-infected area and can find the
geo-processing functions take information from           reason for infection. After plotting the graph
existing datasets, apply analytic functions, and write   between infected verses non-infected area, we can
results into new derived datasets.                       provide the recommendation for the concern
                                                         department for pro-active precautions for non-
      By combining data and applying some analytic       infected area and necessary action for infected area.
rules, we can create a model that helps answer the
question you have posed.                                       Remote Sensing & GIS is very important in
                                                         the field of Agricultural development. Agricultural
      Remote sensing makes it possible to collect        Development is one of the most important
data on dangerous or inaccessible areas. Remote          objectives for every country in the world, whether
sensing applications also include monitoring dense       developed or developing country. The broad
forest area and depth of coastal and ocean depths.       objective of sustainable agriculture is to balance the
Remote sensing also replaces costly and slow data        inherent land resource with crop requirements,
collection on the ground, ensuring in the process        paying special attention to optimization of resource
that areas or objects are not disturbed.                 use towards achievement of sustained productivity
       By satellite, aircraft, space craft, ship, and    over a long period. Sustainable agricultural
helicopter images, data is created to analyze and        development/ sustainable increase in crop
compare things like vegetation rates, erosion,           production could be achieved by adopting a variety
pollution, forestry, weather, and land use. These        of agricultural technologies. Remote sensing and
things can be kept for further analysis like if you      GIS technology are being effectively utilized in
have the data of any populated area & after a long       India in several areas for sustainable agricultural
time that is affected by any natural climate then you    development and management. The areas of
can analyses the losses of that area. You can            sustainable agricultural development/ management
calculate the approximate losses for that region. The    include cropping system analysis, quantitative
process of remote sensing is also helpful for city       assessment of soil carbon dynamics and land
planning, archaeological investigations, military        productivity, soil erosion inventory, integrated
observation and geomorphologic surveying.                agricultural drought assessment and management
                                                         and Integrated Mission for Sustainable Development
Resource Management by Remote sensing & GIS
                                                         (IMSD). Quantitative assessment of land
       A very good aspect of remote sensing is to        productivity is one of the important components of
identifying the land sliding area. As most of the land   integrated nutrient management for sustainable
sliding are detected by vegetation index. The use of     agricultural development. Land productivity data
vegetation in dexes can help to the detection of         provide information about the inherent fertility
big landslides. For finding the possibility for land     status of soil escapes, which is a useful guideline for
slide, we have found the DTM for previous                supplementing soil nutrients from external sources,
available data which we have received by satellite.      such as fertilizers. Various studies carried out in
Now you have to find the DTM for present situation
International Jounral of Applied Science & Technology
                                                                                              ISSN 2231-3842

several      areas    of     sustainable agricultural            Technologyin  Sustainable   Agricultural
management/ development in India by integrated                   Management and Development.
use of aerospace data and GIS have clearly indicated       [2]   Sandeepan Saha- Application of Remote
that Remote Sensing and GIS technology are very                  sensing and GIS in civil engineering.
effective tool for suggesting action plans
/management         strategies      for  agricultural      [3]   Konstantinos G. Nikolakopoulos, Dimitrios
sustainability of any region.                                    A.Vaiopoulos, Georgios Aim. Skianis,
                                                                 Panagiotis Sarantinos & Antonis Tsitsikas-
       Remote Sensing and GIS techniques can also                Combined use of Remote Sensing, GIS and
be a important tool for solving many problems                    GPS data for landslide mapping.
relating to civil engineering. Remote sensing
observations provides data on earth’s resources in a       [4]   XIAO-LI ZHANG, XIAN-XIANG YOU,
spatial format, GIS co-relates different kinds of                XU-SHENG LIU, HUA-GUO HUANG- A
spatial data and their attribute data, so as to use them         Study on forest Ecological Environment
in various fields of civil engineering. Different                gradient with remote sensing, GIS & Expert
themes namely, terrain, geology, hydrology                       System.
drainage, land use and so on can be extracted from         [5]   Penny Masuoka, Richard Andre,Don
remote sensing data. All the above thematic                      Roberts,Gary        Gackstetter,   Pote
information along with their attributes can be                   Aimpun,Shilpa Hakre,Judi Chamberlin- A
integrated to solve many problems of civil                       Remote Sensing and GIs Course for
engineering. Some current uses of GIS and Remote                 Students in Public Health.
Sensing in civil projects are housing, sanitation,
power, water supply, disposal of effluents, urban
growth, irrigation project design and planning, new
road alignment etc. All these can be derived from
high resolution stereo pair of remote sensing data.
These techniques are also useful in rehabilitation
also. Other uses are Exploration and Management
through Rainwater Harvesting, Identification &
Management of Drinking Water Potential, Ground
water Potential Zoning, and Water shed
Management and irrigational Network Planning and
tourism. These techniques are also vital tools for
urban and rural developing planning.
       There are ample evidences of applying the
recent advances in satellite based remote sensing
and GIS technology in various fields. India’s space
programme ensuring continuous availability of
Remote Sensing data and launching of future
satellites carrying high spatial and spectral
resolution sensors can go a long way in providing
useful information. There is a number of ways
where we can you remote sensing like ocean, coastal
areas, remote location etc.

  [1]    S.K.Bhan, S.K. Saha, L.M. Pande and J.
         Prasad-Use of Remote Sensing and GIS

International Jounral of Applied Science & Technology

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