PPD by ewghwehws

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									The Port Phillip
   District
                 Immigration
   Why come?
   Europeans began arriving on the shores of what
    was to become know as Port Phillip in the
    1820s.
                Immigration
   Push
   Horrendous conditions in Great Britain
   The land grab from Van Diemons land/over
    crowding
   Pull
   The lure of lush pastures and free land
   Free from convict taint.
                      HOW?
   Shipping Agents (see Mirams etal)
   Govt sponsorship
   Paid your own way
   Freed/pardoned convicts
   Overland (inter-colonial migration)
      Ideas about land ownership
   Pre-conceived ideas about social organisation,
    law, culture and the means of production
   Civilised man
   Development of towns
   Agriculture and horticulture
   Molesting/manipulating the land
          Marvellous Melbourne
   Melbourne, originally known as ‘Bearbass’ was
    established in 1835 (officially 1837)
   Fawkner and Batman debate (who settled?)
   Visions for the colony
   Trade port
   Intellectual city
   Advancement and infrastructure
          Visions for the colony
   Governor Bourke
   Robert Hoddle (surveyor)
   Charles LaTrobe (1st Governor)
   John Pascoe Fawkner
   Redmond Barry (judge/ benefactor)
   Francis Ormond (businessman/ philanthropist
               Indigenous Australians
   Traditional mode of living / “to the Aborigines land was life itself”
•   Reciprocity
•   Hunter - gatherer society

   Impact of European settlement
•   Dispossession (physical and cultural)
•   Vices (a serious moral failing, immoral practice or undesirable habit)
•   Violence
•   Disease
•   Advancement
                     Responses
Government response
                     - protectorate
                     - exclusions (forbidden to carry guns, La Trobe
                      ordered Aborigines from central Melbourne)

Settler’s response
                     - benign/ benevolent
                     - aggressive
                     - inclusive


Aboriginal response
                     - submissive
                     - aggressive
                     -assertive/proactive
             The Protectorate
   What was its role?
   What were the aims?
   Who was involved?
   Why did it fail?
           VICTORIA: MELBOURNE 1851

   Separation: Why was this essential to the colony?

   Township & infrastructure: The making of Marvelous
    Melbourne


   Immigration: Impact (benefits and disadvantage)
                            GOLD
   Gold – discovery 1851 near Bathurst
   Transformed the colony from an agricultural outpost to a
    thriving metropolis
   Settlements - Ballarat, Bendigo, Castlemaine, Clunes, Daylesford,
    Geelong, Heathcote, Warrandyte
   What did the discovery of gold represent for the colony and the
    colonists?
               Short-term impact
   Mass migration
   Establishment of new towns
   Family abandonment
   Moral decay
   Illnesses
   New businesses
   Environmental degradation
                 Long-term impact
   Metropolis that was Melbourne
   Economics/Wealth/prosperity
   Population (Chinese, Germans, Irish etc)
   Politics
   Cultural and educational advances
   The Land question- the selection Acts
   Environment
              Life on the diggings
   The diggings
   Men (fossickers, shop owners etc)
   Women (wives, mothers, entertainers etc)
   Migrants (Irish, Italians, Americans, Chinese, Germans etc)
   Natives
   Native police (1837 – 1853)
          Eureka and outcomes 1854
     Background
        Licence fees and hunts
        Police brutality

     Events
        Scobie murder
        Bakery hotel

     People/groups/concepts
        Chartism
        The Ballarat Reform League
        Peter Lalor

     Outcome
        Gold Commission
        Licence fee £1
              Political visions
   Male franchise
   Self-Government - the vote 1854
   8 hour day (888) - 1856
                              1860 - 1888
   Transforming the colony
   National identity
   Riding on the sheep’s back
   Working mans paradise
   Anti-immigrant
   Assimilation
   New labour market (Chinese and Kanakas)
   Unionism
   Urbanisation
   Industrialisation (railways, telecommunications, trade)
   Free and secular education 1866

								
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