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PIA 3090

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 63

  • pg 1
									PIA2000

Introduction to Public Affairs
The More that things change
the more they stay the same

   Video

   The Functions of Government
Summary of Themes: First
Six Weeks
   Week One: Introduction of Comparative
    Methodology: Public Affairs, Public Policy
    and Public Management

   Week Two: Participation and Public Affairs-
    Debates about Democracy and Pluralism

   Week Three: Historical Models vs.
    Contemporary Models of Government: Law
    and Order vs. Socio-Economic Change
Summary of Themes:
Continued
   Week 4: Socio-economic Motives, Structures
    and Processes of Governance- Regime
    Types- Political Economy

   Week 5: Clients and Group Dynamics:
    Dysfunctionalism and the Politics of Reform

   Week 6: Recruitment, Education and
    Training: Merit vs. Representation vs.
    Political Control
    Representation
   Merit vs.

   Representation vs.

   Political Control
Overview: This Week- Recruitment, Education
and Training
I. Human Resource Development
Key: Internal Capacity Building?

II. Recruitment, Education and Training

III. Elite Recruitment- Focus: Entry into Public
Sector

IV. Human Resource Development: Redux

VI. Theories of Recruitment

VII. Representation

VIII. Territorial Administration
I. Human Resource Development
Key: Internal Capacity Building?


   Counter-Dependency Framework for
    analysis: Something can be done

   Social Development, Human Capital
    and Social Capital
The Strategy
Social Capital? How
International
Strategy of Human
Development
 Understand
 Concepts explaining
 transformation

 Combinations of
 welfare and human
 resource
 development?
World Bank Institute
HRD Concepts

1. Socialization- More Next week

2. Status vs. Role

3. Counter-Roles

4. Role Theory
Role Development
“Self awareness – give feedback on how one sees
oneself, and how the rest of the team view each other”
The Issues



II. Recruitment, Education
        and Training
The Hierarchy of Needs
Alternative Choices-1
   1. Human Resource Development (Skills
    development and Labor productivity)

   2. Social Development: Health, Education
    and Community

   3. Societal Development and Environmental
    Analysis (Turner and Hulme)

   4. Basic Needs
Alternative Choices-2
5. Management Development

6. Issues of Poverty and Redistribution
  (Isbister) Is there a Moral Argument?

7. Civil Society- Is this an HRD issue?
The Poverty Debate and
Education- Waiting for Superman?
Alternative Choices-3
 8. NGOs, Education and Development:

       a. Social Development or left wing
       privatization?

       b. Scaling-up and self-spreading

 9. Social liberalism vs. social democracy (John Stuart
    Mills vs. John Maynard Keynes)

 10. Women and Development vs. Gender and
   Development. What is the difference?
Gender and Development
Issues
Societal Development- A
Macro-Approach Idea
III. Elite Recruitment-
Focus: Entry into Public Sector
 Patterns of
 Recruitment- How
 the Bureaucracy is
 Selected?

 Civil Service Advert.
 1950s
Canadian View of Human Rights
Public Sector- Edmonton Alberta
Three Models of Recruitment:
Redux
 1. Model of merit system- Career
 appointments, competitive examinations,
 and an end to patronage

 2. The recruitment of professionals and
 specialists contradicts with the issue of
 political control (“Spoils”) “Schedule C”

 3. Representation- especially majority
 representation relates to political
 accountability
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8,
1845) Picture Taken in 1844. “To the Victor
belongs the Spoils”
4. Crisis Recruitment: War or
Panic (U.K.)
Mini-Discussion


   What is the best way to recruit?

             Political

             Merit

             Representation
Recruitment Problems
 a. Management, eg. the Department, or the
 unit, often does not control recruitment

 b. Legislation sets the rules- merit system
 with civil service commission overseeing the
 process

 c. Commissions or personnel unit act as an
 intermediary Blocking Decisions
Recruitment in Guyana (South
America)
IV. Human Resource
Development: Redux
  1. The Key to Merit

  2. Issue: the difference between Education
     and Training

  3.   Professional vs. Management

  Video
  A Form of Affirmative Action
TEN MINUTE BREAK
The Difference
   Training        Education
Debate about the Ideal of Open
(not closed) system-
   Importance of   "Professional Class”

   Role of Professional Schools in
    producing that class.

   U.S model of open System
Closed vs. Open Systems: Age
Equals Access to Jobs
The U.S. System
   Early, middle or late
    entry

   Deep political
    control and

   The possibility of "in
    and out"
A Reflection of the U.S. Model: In
Theory if and Sometimes in Practice
European Systems- Inherited by
Much of World

1. Historically closed

2. Class based and

3. Limited to early entry
Arthur Boyd(1920 - 1999)’S
Painting: The Half Caste Child
Theories of Recruitment: John
Armstrong's Classification
   Maximum Deferred Achievement-equitable (French
    revolutionary and Soviet ideal, and Jacksonian
    Democracy- Late Decision)

   Maximum Ascriptive- Western European model

   Progressive Equal Attrition- Fail out over time U.S.
    and Russian reality and aspects of Post War German
    system. Partly open. Fairness depends on lateral
    entry (in and out)
Differences in Closed Classes

         administrative
         professional
         Executive
         Technical
         Clerical
         Industrial


   Differing views of technical skills, law and classical
    education (France, Germany, U.K.)
Cézanne, “Still life with skull”
   Monday,
    March 12, 2007
    (French
    General
    Elections)

        The European
        choice and the
                 elites

           - a la' mode
              Française
Top Administrators
   a. U.K.- Oxbridge Generalist

   b. Russia- Engineers

   c. France- Legal/Technical

   d. Germany/Scandinavia- Legalist

   e. U.S.- Products of policy Schools:
    Kennedy, Woodrow Wilson, Syracuse
VII. Representation: The Debate about
Affirmative Action: Primary Debates
   U.S. - Race and Gender

   Europe- Culture and Religion

   Asia: Language

   South Africa: Ethnicity

VIDEO
Recruitment: A Scandinavian
Perspective
Unique U.S. contribution- American
system internationalized from the
1950s by Foreign Aid
a.   Concept of training

b.   Public Administration-
     skills

c.   analogy- business
     administration and
     engineering as models
Unique U.S. Contribution, Cont.
Unique U.S. Contribution, Cont.


   Deep political penetration- note
    surprise in South Africa

   Open system- Concept of
    representative bureaucracy

   Recruitment: The Only Game in Town
The Only Game in Town?
A Cultural Comparison
VIII. Territorial Administration
   Issue: use of Prefects for control:
    Geographic Administrators- appointed from
    the Center. Eg. Governors in Putin’s Russia

   Integrated vs. Un-integrated

   Territorial vs. Function (Health or Education)

   Special Issues of Recruitment to Work in the
    Field
The French Prefet
Meet the Authors
Jamil Jreisat
   Professor of Political Science at the
    University of South Florida

   Born in Jordan of Palestinian origin

   MPA and PhD, University of Pittsburgh

   Comparison of What?
Jamil Jreisat and Dennis
Dresang
Discussion
   Robert N. Kharasch: “The institutional imperative;: How to
    understand the United States Government and other bulky
    objects” (Washington D.C. Lawyer)

           Every action or decision of an institution must be intended to
            keep the institution machinery working.

           The expert judgment of an institution, when the matters involve
            continuation of the institution's operations, is totally
            predictable, and hence the finding is totally worthless.

           The finding of threats to security by a security office is totally
            predictable, and hence the finding is totally worthless.
Question/Discussion



 What form of bureaucratic recruitment
 is used in each of your “favorite”
 countries?
Discussion
 Revisit:

 Naipaul, Penn Warren, Lehman

 (What are you learning?)
Next Week’s Authors

   Joseph Gusfield

   Guy Peters

   V.S. Naipaul

								
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