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DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL _ HUL PROJECT REPORT MBA MARKETING

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DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL _ HUL PROJECT REPORT MBA MARKETING Powered By Docstoc
					   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL




Questionnaire (for retailer)
     Name of the outlet   : __________________________________________________
     Proprietor           : __________________________________________________
     Address              : __________________________________________________
     Telephone            : __________________________________________________




1. How long are you dealing with HUL products?
       a) 1 to 2 year              b) 2 to 4 year
       c) 4 to 6 year              d) More than 6 year


2. Which Category of HUL’s products you sell in your outlet?
       a) Personal care         b) Household care            c) Beverages
       d) All above 3            e) Other (please specify)
       ……………………………….
3. Which brands of FMC products you kept in your outlet other than HUL?
       a) P&G                      b) ITC
       c) WIPRO                    d) Specify if any
       other………………………………
4. Rate the following FMCG brands w. r. t their push activities. (1-V-High,2-High,3-
Moderate, 4-Low, 5-V-Low)
       a) P&G                               b) ITC
       c) HUL                               d) WIPRO


5. What are the facilities, which the competitors provide which HUL does not?
……………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………….
6. Indicate your view of HUL’s Push activities with respect to competitors.

BABASAB PATIL                                                                 Page 1
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    FACTOR                             Very good   Good   Neutral      Bad   Worst
    a) Sales margin
    b) Lucky Draws
    c) Stock supply
    d) Gift offers
    e) Slab wise targets
    f) Offers
    g)Schemes
    h)Trade Discounts




7. Rate the following factors which influence you in selling the products?
   (1- Most important and 9- least)
                      a) Sales margin
                      b) Special Incentives
                      c) Stock supply
                      d) Gift offers
                      e) Lucky Draws
                      f) Slab wise targets
                      g) Trade discounts
                      h)Schemes
                      i)Offers




8. Does HUL provide you any special incentives for the shelf space that you provide
for their products?
             Yes                                          No


Specify if
any__________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
______


BABASAB PATIL                                                                Page 2
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
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9Are you satisfied with the push activities offered by the HUL?

  Highly Satisfied             Satisfied                    Neutral

   Dissatisfied                Highly dissatisfied



10. What kind of Push activities do you expect from the company to increase your
sales?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
____________




SIGNATURE WITH SEAL

                                Thank you




BABASAB PATIL                                                              Page 3
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                      BELGAUM RURAL




                        TABLE OF CONTENTS

  Sl No                                Contents        Page No

   1      Executive Summary                                 2

   2      Retailing And Rural Market                        4

   3      Push And Pull                                     10

   4      Introduction Of The Company                       14

   5      Hul Distribution Network                          30

   6      Article                                           39

   7      Research Design                                   41

   8      Data Analyses And Interpretations                 46

   9      Hypotheses                                        71

   10     Finding                                           74

   11     Suggestions                                       78

   12     Conclusion                                        80

   13     Bibliography                                      81

   14     Annexure                                          83




BABASAB PATIL                                         Page 4
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                        BELGAUM RURAL

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


Hindustan Unilever Limited is India's largest Fast Moving Consumer Goods Company,
touching the lives of two out of three Indians. HUL’s mission is to “add vitality to life”
through its presence in over 20 distinct categories in Home & Personal Care Products and
Foods & Beverages. The company meets everyday needs for nutrition, hygiene, and
personal care, with brands that help people feel good, look good and get more out of life.



 The Major Concurrent Project assigned me was A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR
   PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL in Belgaum Rural. This project taken
   up by me as a part of academic assignment to find out the attributes that affect the
   Satisfaction and expectation of the Wholesalers, retailers and Consumers with respect
   to the distributors functioning and also it will help distributor to know the attributes
   that affect the sales.



PROBLEM STATEMENT: “A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND
CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL in Belgaum rural.”

MAIN OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH:

To assess the Push and Pull activities for HUL
SUB OBJECTIVES:
    To evaluate the present Push and Pull activities of major players in the market

    To know the perception of the consumers.

    To understand the special Push activities and Pull activities undertaken at HUL
       company.

    To assess the product awareness of consumers and retailers satisfaction and
       expectations towards HUL.


BABASAB PATIL                                                                     Page 5
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL




METHODOLOGY:


    Personal Interaction with TSI, RSP and interviews with retailer.

    A research survey (using questionnaire) would be conducted.

*TSI- Territory Sales Inspector

RSP- Rural Sales Promoter



OUTCOME & BENEFITS OF THE STUDY:


    This study would bring into light on the expectation of the Wholesalers, retailers
       and Consumers with respect to the distributors functioning.

    It will help distributor to take the necessary steps to improve the promotional
       activities.

    It will help distributor to know the attributes that affect the sales.

    It will help company to reduce the distribution cost.

    IT will help to know about the factors affecting the awareness of the products.



SCOPE OF THE STUDY:

My study is restricted to only Belgaum rural wholesalers (Vijeta), retailers and consumers.
The whole study and analysis is done to improve the push and pull activities as well as the
expectation of the Wholesalers, retailers and Consumers with respect to the distributors
functioning..




BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 6
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            RETAILING
                      AND
     RURAL MARKET




BABASAB PATIL                                         Page 7
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RETAILING AND RURAL MARKET

Retailing is very diverse and sometimes the edges start to blur with other type of
business. The word retail comes from the Old French retaille “to cut off”. So a
wholesaler or manufacturer sells bulk lots while the retailer is willing to sell off smaller
or individual pieces. Of course this definition only takes us so far because many
wholesalers also sell retail and many retailers also sell wholesale in larger lots.


Further, the common usage of retail is based more on whether the business deals directly
with the public. .


A local physical location is not even necessary for the definition of retail anymore now
that retailing and eBay selling can be retail businesses into themselves. The best
definition of retail might be any business whose product or service is made for, and
targeted to, the consuming public.



Visual merchandising in Retailing: -


Selling goods using visual stimuli is an old age practice, but with increasing growth of
retail industry, the art or arguably the science of visual merchandising has come to
occupy a newfound fancy. Marketers especially retailers, consider it as an inspirable part
of their overall branding effort. But even as it continues to grow, like all other branding
efforts, the understanding of its impact and effectiveness is still in its infancy.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                         Page 8
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BABASAB PATIL                                         Page 9
      A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                          BELGAUM RURAL

What makes Rural Markets Attractive?

Rural Consumer Insights:

       Rural India buys….

       Products more often (mostly weekly).

       Buys small packs, low unit price more important than economy.

       In rural India, brands rarely fight with each other; they just have to be present at
         the right place.

       Many brands are building strong rural base without much advertising support.

       Fewer brand choices in rural: number of FMCG brand in rural is half that of
         urban.

       Buy value for money, not cheap products



Some Myths:

Rural Market Is a Homogeneous Mass

Reality: It’s a heterogeneous population. Various Tiers are present depending on the
incomes like Big Landlords, Traders, small farmers; Marginal farmers: Labors, artisans.
State wise variations in rural demographics are present viz. Literacy (Kerala 90%, Bihar
44%) and Population below poverty line (Orissa 48%, Punjab 6%)



Disposable Income Is Low
Reality: Number of middle class HH’s (annual income Rs 45,000- 2, 15,000) for rural
sector is 27.4 million as compared to the figure of 29.5 million for urban sector. Rural
incomes CAGR was 10.95% compared to 10.74% in urban between 1970-71 and 1993-
94.



BABASAB PATIL                                                                     Page 10
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Individuals Decide About Purchases

Reality: Decision making process is collective. Purchase process- influencer, decider,
and buyer, one who pays can all be different. So marketers must address brand message
at several levels. Rural youth brings brand knowledge to Households (HH).



Why Different Strategies?

Rural markets, as part of any economy, have untapped potential. There are several
difficulties confronting the effort to fully explore rural markets. The concept of rural
markets in India is still in evolving shape, and the sector poses a variety of challenges.
Distribution costs and non-availability of retail outlets are major problems faced by the
marketers. The success of a brand in the Indian rural market is as unpredictable as rain.
Many brands, which should have been successful, have failed miserably. This is because,
most firms try to extend marketing plans that they use in urban areas to the rural markets.
The unique consumption patterns, tastes, and needs of the rural. Consumers should be
analyzed at the product planning stage so that they match the needs of the rural people.



Therefore, marketers need to understand the social dynamics and attitude variations
within each village though nationally it follows a consistent pattern. The main problems
in rural marketing are:

    Understanding the rural consumer

    Poor infrastructure

    Physical Distribution

    Channel Management

    Promotion and Marketing Communication




BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 11
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Dynamics of rural markets differ from other market types, and similarly rural marketing
strategies are also significantly different from the marketing strategies aimed at an urban
or industrial consumer.

Strategies to be followed:
Marketing Strategy:
Marketers need to understand the psyche of the rural consumers and then act accordingly.
Rural marketing involves more intensive personal selling efforts compared to urban
marketing. Firms should refrain from designing goods for the urban markets and
subsequently pushing them in the rural Areas. To effectively tap the rural market a brand
must associate it with the same things the rural folks.

It can be done by utilizing the various rural folk media to reach them in their own
language and in large numbers so that the brand can be associated with the myriad rituals,
celebrations, festivals, “melas” and other activities where they assemble.

Distribution Strategy:
One of the ways could be using company delivery vans which can serve two purposes- it
can take the products to the customers in every nook and corner of the market and it also
enables the firm to establish direct contact with them and thereby facilitate sales
promotion. However, only the bigwigs can adopt this channel. The companies with
relatively fewer resources can go in for syndicated distribution where a tie-up between
non-competitive marketers can be established to facilitate distribution. Annual “melas”
organized are quite popular and provide a very good platform for distribution because
people visit them to make several purchases. According to the India n Market Research
Bureau, around 8000 such melas are held in rural India every year. Rural markets have
the practice of fixing specific days in a week as Market Days (often called “Haats’) when
exchange of goods and services are carried out. This is another potential low cost
distribution channel available to the marketers. Also, every region consisting of several
villages is generally served by one satellite town (termed as “Mandis” or Agri-markets)
where people prefer to go to buy their durable commodities. If marketing managers use
these feeder towns they will easily be able to cover a large section of the rural population.


BABASAB PATIL                                                                      Page 12
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Promotional Strategy:

Firms must be very careful in choosing the vehicle to be used for communication. Only
16% of the rural population has access to a vernacular newspaper. So, the audiovisuals
must be planned to convey a right message to the rural folk. The rich, traditional media
forms like folk dances, puppet shows, etc with which the rural consumers are familiar and
comfortable, can be used for high impact product campaigns.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                  Page 13
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                     PUSH
                          &
                     PULL




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 14
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PUSH STRATEGY

A marketing strategy that uses aggressive personal selling and trade advertising to
convince a wholesaler or retailer to carry and sell particular merchandise.




PULL STRATEGY

A marketing strategy that stimulates consumer demand to obtain product distribution.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                 Page 15
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PUSH AND PULL SYSTEMS
A push supply chain makes production and distribution decisions based on forecasts
(Build-to-stock




A pull supply chain drives production and distribution by customer orders
(Build/Assembly-to-Order)




PUSH VERSUS PULL PROMOTIONAL STRATEGIES

 Pull strategy

       o Large market segment

       o Long distribution channels

       o Mass communication has cost advantages




BABASAB PATIL                                                            Page 16
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 Push strategy

     o Industrial products or complex new products

     o Direct selling allows firms to educate users

     o Short distribution channels

     o Used in poorer nations for consumer goods where direct selling only way to
        reach consumers

CHARACTERISTICS OF PUSH AND PULL SYSTEM




BABASAB PATIL                                                           Page 17
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              COMPANY
                PROFILE




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 18
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                        BELGAUM RURAL




INTRODUCTION OF THE COMPANY


Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) is India's largest Fast Moving Consumer
Goods Company, touching the lives of two out of three Indians. HUL’s mission is to “add
vitality to life” through its presence in over 20 distinct categories in Home & Personal
Care Products and Foods & Beverages.           The company meets everyday needs for
nutrition, hygiene, and personal care, with brands that help people feel good, look good
and get more out of life.

Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) and its constituent companies have been in India since 1931.

Over these decades, while HUL has benefited from the developments in the country, it
has contributed equally to these developments.

Unilever's mission is to add Vitality to life. We meet everyday needs for nutrition,
hysgiene, and personal care with brands that help people feel good, look good and get
more out of life.

Their deep roots in local cultures and markets around the world give us their strong
relationship with consumers and are the foundation for their future growth. We will bring
their wealth of knowledge and international expertise to the service of local consumers - a
truly multi-local multinational.

Their long-term success requires a total commitment to exceptional standards of
performance and productivity, to working together effectively, and to a willingness to
embrace new ideas and learn continuously.

To succeed also requires, we believe, the highest standards of corporate behavior towards
everyone we work with, the communities we touch, and the environment on which we
have an impact.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                      Page 19
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This is their road to sustainable, profitable growth, creating long-term value for their
shareholders, their people, and their business partners



In the summer of 1888, visitors to the Kolkata harbor noticed crates full of Sunlight soap
bars, embossed with the words "Made in England by Lever Brothers". With it began an
era of marketing branded Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG).Soon after followed
Lifebuoy in 1895 and other famous brands like Pears, Lux and Vim. Vanaspati was
launched in 1918 and the famous Dalda brand came to the market in 1937.

In 1931, Unilever set up its first Indian subsidiary, Hindustan Vanaspati Manufacturing
Company, followed by Lever Brothers India Limited (1933) and United Traders Limited
(1935). These three companies merged to form HUL in November 1956; HUL offered
10% of its equity to the Indian public, being the first among the foreign subsidiaries to do
so. Unilever now holds 51.55% equity in the company. The rest of the shareholding is
distributed among about 380,000 individual shareholders and financial institutions.

The erstwhile Brooke Bond's presence in India dates back to 1900. By 1903, the
company had launched Red Label tea in the country. In 1912, Brooke Bond & Co. India
Limited was formed. Brooke Bond joined the Unilever fold in 1984 through an
international acquisition. The erstwhile Lipton's links with India were forged in 1898.
Unilever acquired Lipton in 1972 and in 1977 Lipton Tea (India) Limited was
incorporated.

Pond's (India) Limited had been present in India since 1947. It joined the Unilever fold
through an international acquisition of Chesebrough Pond's USA in1986.

Since the very early years, HUL has vigorously responded to the stimulus of economic
growth. The growth process has been accompanied by judicious diversification, always in
line with Indian opinions and aspirations.

The liberalization of the Indian economy, started in 1991, clearly marked an inflexion in
HUL's and the Group's growth curve. Removal of the regulatory framework allowed the
company to explore every single product and opportunity segment, without any
constraints on production capacity.
BABASAB PATIL                                                                     Page 20
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Simultaneously, deregulation permitted alliances, acquisitions and mergers. In one of the
most visible and talked about events of India's corporate history, the erstwhile Tata Oil
Mills Company (TOMCO) merged with HUL, effective from April 1, 1993. In 1995,
HUL and yet another Tata company, Lakme Limited, formed a 50:50 joint venture,
Lakme Lever Limited, to market Lakme's market-leading cosmetics and other appropriate
products of both the companies. Subsequently in 1998, Lakme Limited sold its brands to
HUL and divested its 50% stake in the joint venture to the company.

HUL formed a 50:50 joint venture with the US-based Kimberly Clark Corporation in
1994, Kimberly-Clark Lever Ltd, which markets Huggies Diapers and Kotex Sanitary
Pads. HUL has also set up a subsidiary in Nepal, Nepal Lever Limited (NLL), and its
factory represents the largest manufacturing investment in the

Himalayan kingdom. The NLL factory manufactures HUL's products like Soaps,
Detergents and Personal Products both for the domestic market and exports to India.

The 1990s also witnessed a string of crucial mergers, acquisitions and alliances on the
Foods and Beverages front. In 1992, the erstwhile Brooke Bond acquired Kothari General
Foods, with significant interests in Instant Coffee. In 1993, it acquired the Kissan
business from the UB Group and the Dollops Ice cream business from Cadbury India.

As a measure of backward integration, Tea Estates and Doom Dooma, two plantation
companies of Unilever, were merged with Brooke Bond. Then in July 1993, Brooke
Bond India and Lipton India merged to form Brooke Bond Lipton India Limited
(BBLIL), enabling greater focus and ensuring synergy in the traditional Beverages
business. 1994 witnessed BBLIL launching the Wall's range of Frozen Desserts. By the
end of the year, the company entered into a strategic alliance with the Kwality Ice-cream
Group families and in 1995 the Milk food 100% Ice-cream marketing and distribution
rights too were acquired.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                  Page 21
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Finally, BBLIL merged with HUL, with effect from January 1, 1996. The internal
restructuring culminated in the merger of Pond's (India) Limited (PIL) with HUL in
1998. The two companies had significant overlaps in Personal Products, Specialty
Chemicals and Exports businesses, besides a common distribution system since 1993 for
Personal Products. The two also had a common management pool and a technology base.
The amalgamation was done to ensure for the group, benefits from scale of economies
both domestic and export market.

In January 2000, in a historic step, the government decided to award 74 per cent equity in
Modern Foods to HUL, thereby beginning the divestment of government equity in public
sector undertakings (PSU) to private sector partners. HUL's entry into Bread is a strategic
extension of the company's wheat business. In 2002, HUL acquired the government's
remaining stake in Modern Foods.

In 2003, HUL acquired the Cooked Shrimp and Pasteurized Crabmeat business of the
Amalgam Group of Companies, a leader in value added Marine Products exports.

Hindustan Lever Limited, 51.6% subsidiary of Unilever Plc, is the largest FMCG
Company in the country, with a turnover of Rs118bn. The company’s business sprawls
from personal and household care products to foods, beverages and specialty chemicals.
The company has a dominating market share in most categories that it operates in such as
toilet soaps, detergents, skincare, hair care, color cosmetics, etc. It is also the leading
player in food products such as packaged tea, coffee, ice cream and other culinary
products.

Brand equities are built over a period of time by technological innovations, consistent
high quality, aggressive advertisement and marketing. Availability near the consumer
through a wide distribution network is another crucial success factor, as products are of
small value, frequently purchased, daily use items. HUL is strong on both these fronts
with leading brands, which are market leaders in their respective categories, and a 1mn
strong direct retail reach.

BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 22
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HUL is the market leader in the detergent and toilet soap industry with market share of
60% and 40% respectively. Nirma is a close competitor in detergents and has been slowly
gaining ground in toilet soaps too. The other significant competitor in detergents is P&G.
In oral care segment, HUL has emerged as a strong No 2 player with 36% market share.
In the hair care segment, HUL dominates the shampoo market with a 64.5% share and is
the No 2 player in hair oils. HUL has a 54% market share in skin creams. In the foods
business, Tata Tea in packet tea, Nestle in coffee and culinary products, GCMMF (Amul)
in ice creams, and Godrej Pillsbury in staple food are the main competitors.

HUL grew at a fast pace in the mid 90’s driven by its aggressive acquisition spree. From
Rs38bn turnover (contributed 70% by soaps, detergents and personal products), HUL’s
turnover has now grown to Rs118bn, with soaps and personal products contributing 57%
to turnover and beverages and food products contributing to 29% of turnover. Growth
during the last few years has largely been driven by the personal products business.

However the pace of growth has slackened significantly in the last two years with several
key segments registering a growth in 2001 soaps business (Rs21bn) de-grew by 1% and
detergent sales (Rs20bn) grew by 7%. Other personal products (household care, oral acre,
skin care, hair care, color cosmetics) registered a 14% yo-yo growth to Rs24.6bn.
Expansion of the foods business, which has been identified as a major growth area, has
not been as fast as anticipated. Beverage sales move largely with commodity price trends,
which have remained on a downtrend. Branded tea business degree by 10% in F12/01 to
rs16bn, while the Rs3bn coffee business registered a 7% yo-yo growth. Ice-cream
business has failed to takeoff registering a 3% growth. The staple food business, once
considered a high potential growth area witnessed a decline of 10% yoy to Rs2.4bn.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 23
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Profitable growth has been the new mantra of the FMCG major’s Chairman, M S Banga,
who took over the reins from Keki Dadiseth 2 years ago. In contrast to Dadiseth’s
strategy of expansion through acquisition, Mr. Banga’s strategy revolves around
rationalization. A focus on 30 power brands, which are major contributors to profitability,
seeking new avenues of

expanding distribution reach, improving profitability of foods businesses have been the
thrust areas. Non-FMCG businesses are either being are hived off or are being
strengthened by partnerships with players who have the technological expertise in those
businesses. The strategy has paid results with profits registering a 24% yo-yo growth in
2001, despite a flat top line growth.

PRESENT STRUCTURE

Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) is India's largest Fast Moving Consumer Goods
Company, touching the lives of two out of three Indians with over 20 distinct
categories in Home & Personal Care Products and Foods & Beverages. They have the
company with a scale of combined volumes of about 4 million tones and sales of
Rs.10, 000 cores.

HUL is also one of the country's largest exporters; it has been recognized as a
Golden Superstar Trading House by the government of India.

The mission that inspires HUL's 36,000 employees, including over 1,350 managers,
is to "add vitality to life." HUL meets everyday needs for nutrition, hygiene, and
personal care with brands that help people feel good, look good and get more out of
life. It is a mission HUL shares with its parent company, Unilever, which holds
51.55% of the equity. The rest of the shareholding is distributed among 380,000
individual shareholders and financial institutions.

HUL's brands - like Lifebuoy, Lux, Surf Excel, Rin, Wheel, Fair & Lovely, Pond's,
Sunsilk, Clinic, Pepsodent, Close-up, Lakme, Brooke Bond, Kissan, Knorr-Annapurna,
Kwality Wall's – are household names across the country and span many categories -
soaps, detergents, personal products, tea, coffee, branded staples, ice cream and
culinary products. They are manufactured in close to 80 factories. The operations
involve over 2,000 suppliers and associates. HUL's distribution network, comprising
about 7,000 redistribution stockiest, directly covers the entire urban population, and


BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 24
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HUL has traditionally been a company, which incorporates latest technology in all its
operations. The Hindustan Lever Research Center (HLRC) was set up in 1958, and
now has facilities in Mumbai and Bangalore.

HLRC and the Global Technology Centers in India have over 200 highly qualified
scientists and technologists, many with post-doctoral experience acquired in the US
and Europe.

HUL believes that an organization’s worth is also in the service it renders to the
community. HUL is focusing on health & hygiene education, women empowerment,
and water management. It is also involved in education and rehabilitation of special
or underprivileged children, care for the destitute and HIV-positive, and rural
development. HUL has also responded in case of national calamities / adversities and
contributes through various welfare measures, most recent being the village built by
HUL in earthquake affected Gujarat, and relief & rehabilitation after the Tsunami
caused devastation in south India.

Over the last three years the company has embarked on an ambitious program,
Shakti. Through Shakti, HUL is creating micro-enterprise opportunities for rural
women, thereby improving their livelihood and the standard of living in rural
communities. Shakti also includes health and hygiene education through the Shakti
Vani Program, and creating access to relevant information through the Shakti
community portal. The program now covers about 50,000 villages in 12 states. HUL's
vision is to take this program to 100,000 villages impacting the lives of over 100
million rural Indians.

HUL is also running a rural health program – Lifebuoy Swasthya Chetana. The
program endeavors to induce adoption of hygienic practices among rural Indians and
aims to bring down the incidence of diarrhea. It has already touched 70 million
people in approximately 15000 villages of 8 states. The vision is to make a billion
Indians feel safe and secure.

If Hindustan Lever straddles the Indian corporate world, it is because of being single-
minded in identifying itself with Indian aspirations and needs in every walk of   life.

MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE




BABASAB PATIL                                                                 Page 25
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Hindustan Unilever Limited is India's largest Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG)
Company. It is present in Home & Personal Care and Foods & Beverages categories.
HUL and Group companies have about 36,000 employees, including 1350 managers.

The fundamental principle determining the organization structure is to infuse speed and
flexibility in decision-making and implementation, with empowered managers across the
company's nationwide operations. For this, HUL is organized into two self-sufficient
divisions - Home & Personal Care & Foods - supported by certain central functions and
resources to leverage economies of scale wherever relevant.

    Board

    Divisions

    Central functions

    Businesses



Board
At the apex is the Board, headed by the Chairman, and comprising 5 whole time
Directors and 5 independent non-executive Directors. The day to day operations are
supervised by the National Management comprising the Vice Chairman, Managing

Director (HPC), Managing Director (Foods) And The Finance Director

Divisions
Each division is self-sufficient with dedicated resources and assets in sales, marketing,
commercial, and manufacturing. The two divisions are further reorganized into
categories.

Typically, each category and each function - Sales, Commercial, Manufacturing - is
headed by a Vice President. They with their respective Managing Director comprise that
Division's Management Committee.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                  Page 26
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For managing sales operations, HUL divides the country into four regions, with regional
branches in Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai. Headed by a Regional Manager, they
comprise Regional Sales Managers and Area Sales Managers, assisted by dedicated field
forces, comprising Sales Officers and Territory Sales In charges. In Marketing, each
category has a Marketing Manager who heads a team of Brand Managers dedicated to
each or a group of brands.

The commercial team of a Division is responsible for its supply chain management.
There are teams dedicated to sourcing, planning and logistics. Each Division has a
nationwide manufacturing base, with each factory peopled by teams of Production,
Engineering, Quality Assurance, Commercial and Personnel Managers.

Central functions

HUL's Central Functions are Finance, Human Resources, Technology, Research,
Information Technology, Legal & Secretarial, and Corporate Affairs. Their services are
shared across the company. But, wherever necessary, managerial resources are dedicated
exclusively to a business. For example, each Division now has dedicated HR managers.

HUL believes that while it leverages the scale of a large corporate, it must also retain the
soul of a small company. Its organization structure, which has and will continue to evolve
with time, is aimed at achieving this knitting.

Businesses Home & Personal Care
    Personal Wash
    Fabric Wash
    Home Care
    Oral Care
    Skin Care
    Hair Care
    Deodorants & Talc’s
    Color Cosmetics




BABASAB PATIL                                                                     Page 27
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Foods
   Tea
   Coffee
   Branded Staples
   Culinary Products
   Ice Creams
   Modern Foods ranges

New Ventures

   Hindustan Lever Network
   Ayush ayurvedic products & services
   Saga
   Purest water purifiers

Exports HPC

   Beverages
   Marine Products
   Rice
   Castor
PRODUCTS OF HUL:

BRANDS OF HUL:

HOME AND PERSONAL CARE:

   Lux
   Breeze
   Liril
   Dove
   Lifebuoy
   Pears
   Hamam
   Rexona

BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 28
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LAUNDRY:

   Surf Excel
   Rin
   Wheel
SKIN CARE:

   Fair and Lovely
   Ponds

HAIR AND CARE

   Sun silk Natural
   Clinic
ORAL CARE:

   Pepsodent
   Close-Up
DEODRANTS:

   Axe
   Rexona
COLOUR COSMETIC:

   Lakme

AYURVEDIC PERSONAL AND HEALTH CARE:

   Ayush

TEA:

   Brooke bond
   LiptonCOFFEE
   Bru
FOODS

   Kissan


BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 29
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   Knorr Annapurna




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 30
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                          LATEST DEVELOPMENT

             HINDUSTAN LEVER IS NOW HINDUSTAN UNILEVER

FMCG major Hindustan Lever has informed that it has received government’s approval
change its name to “Hindustan Unilever Limited” following which, its new corporate
identity represented by a new logo will come into effect. “The identity symbolizes the
benefits we bring to our consumers and the communities we work in. Our new identity
will help us confidently position ourselves in every aspect of our business,” Hindustan
Unilever CEO Doung Baillie said.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                Page 31
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                                  M/S NAGA TRADERS

                                (RURAL DISTRIBUTOR)

                                        BELGAUM

Naga traders are the rural distributors for Hindustan Unilever Limited and also they are
supplying the products to the Shakti dealer; they are supplying retailer in rural area like.

    Bagewadi

    M.K Hubli

    Hukkeri

    Itagi/pariswad

    Kanapur

    Nesargi

    Piranwadi

    Ganeshpur

    Sambra

    Yamakanamardi etc......



Shakti dealer

     S C.Hubli (munushikatti)

     S A.Kaktikar (Belagundi)

     S A.Tigodoli (Shindoli)




BABASAB PATIL                                                                       Page 32
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They deal in products of HUL

     Lux, Pears, Hamam, Rexona, Liril, Life bouy

     Surf excel, Rin, Wheel

     Sunsilk, Clinic plus

     Pepsodent, Close-up

     Fair and lovely, Pond’s

     Brooke bond, Lipton Bru etc…..



HUL's INITIATIVE IN RURAL DEVELOPEMENT:
Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) and its constituent companies have been in India since 1931.

Over these decades, while HUL has benefited from the developments in the country, it
has contributed equally to these developments.

HUL has consciously woven India's imperatives with the company's strategies and
operations. The company’s main contributions include developing and using relevant
technologies, stimulating industrialization, boosting exports, adding value to agriculture
and generating productive employment and income opportunities.

HUL has been proactively   engaged in rural development since 1976         with the initiation of the

Integrated Rural Development Program in the Etah district of Uttar Pradesh,                        in

tandem with the company’s dairy operations. This Program now covers    500 villages in the district.
Subsequently, the factories that HUL continued establishing in less-developed regions of the country
have been engaged in similar program in adjacent villages.


These factory-centered activities mainly focus on training farmers, animal husbandry, generating
alternative income, health & hygiene and infrastructure development.The company has acquired a
wealth of experience and learning from these activities.




KEY LEARNINGS ON RURAL DEVELOPEMENT:

BABASAB PATIL                                                                            Page 33
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The principal issue in rural development is to create   income-generating opportunities   for the

rural population. Such initiatives are successful and sustainable when linked with the company’s
core business and is mutually beneficial to both the population for whom the program is intended

and for the company. Based on these insights,     HUL launched Project Shakti       in the    year
2001, in keeping with the purpose of integrating business interests with national interests




BABASAB PATIL                                                                         Page 34
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                    HUL’s
       DISTRIBUTION
              NETWORK




HUL DISTRIBUTION NETWORK

BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 35
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The company salesman grouped all these orders and placed an indent with the Head
Office. Goods were sent to these markets, with the company salesman as the consignee.
The salesman then collected and distributed the products to the respective wholesalers,
against cash payment, and the money was remitted to the company.

The focus of the second phase, which spanned the decades of the 40s, was to provide
desired products and quality service to the company's customers. In order to achieve this,
one wholesaler in each market was appointed as a "Registered Wholesaler," a stock point
for the company's products in that market. The company salesman still covered the
market, canvassing for orders from the rest of the trade. He would then distribute stocks
from the Registered Wholesaler through distribution units maintained by the company.
The Registered Wholesaler system, therefore, increased the distribution reach of the
company to a larger number of customers.

The highlight of the third phase was the concept of "Redistribution Stockiest" (RS) who
replaced the RWs. The RS was required to provide the distribution units to the company
salesman. The RS financed his stocks and provided warehousing facilities to store them.
The RS also undertook demand stimulation activities on behalf of the company.

The second characteristic of this period we realized that the RS would be able to provide
customer service only if he was serviced well. This knowledge led to the establishment of
the "Company Depots" system. This system helped in transshipment, bulk breaking, and
as a stock point to minimize stock-outs at the RS level.

In the recent, a significant change has been the replacement of the Company Depot by a
system of third party Carrying and Forwarding Agents (C&FAs). The C&FAs act as
buffer stock-points to ensure that stock-outs did not take place. The C&FA system has
also resulted in cost savings in terms of direct transportation and reduced time lag in
delivery. The most important benefit has been improved customer service to the RS.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                   Page 36
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The role performed by the Redistribution Stockiest has also undergone changes over the
years. Financing stocks, providing manpower, providing service to retailers,
implementing promotional activities, extending indirect coverage, reporting sales and
stock data, screening for transit damages are some of the functions performed by the RS
today.

HUL has grown manifold over the years. In the process, the number of factories and the
number of SKUs too have increased. In order to rationalize the logistics and planning
task, an innovative step has been the formation of the Mother Depot and Just in Time
System (MD-JIT). Certain C&FAs were selected across the country to act as mother
depots. Each of them has a minimum number of JIT depots attached for stock
requirements. All brands and packs required for the set of markets which the MD and
JITs service in a given area are sent to the mother depot by all manufacturing units. The
JITs draw their requirements from the MD on a weekly or bi-weekly basis.

At present, HUL's products, manufactured across the country, are distributed through a
network of about 7,000 redistribution stockiest covering about one million retail outlets.
The distribution network directly covers the entire urban population.

In addition to the ongoing commitment to the traditional grocery trade, HUL is building a
special relationship with the small but fast emerging modern trade. Our scale enables us
to provide superior customer service including daily servicing, improving their range
availability whilst reducing inventories. We are using the opportunity of interfacing more
directly with our consumers in this retail environment through specially designed
communication and promotions. This is building traffic into the stores while yielding
high growth for our business.

An IT-powered system has been implemented to supply stocks to redistribution stockiest
on a continuous replenishment basis. The objective is to catalyze HUL’s growth by
ensuring that the right product is available at the right place in right quantities, in the
most cost-effective manner. For this, stockiest have been connected with the company
through an Internet-based network, called RS Net, for online interaction on orders,
dispatches, information sharing and monitoring.


BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 37
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RS Net covers about 80% of the company's turnover. Today, the sales system gets to
know every day what HUL stockiest have sold to almost a million outlets across the
country. RS Net is part of Project Leap,

HUL's end-to-end supply chain, which also includes a back-end system connecting
suppliers, all company sites and stretching right up to stockiest.

RS Net has come as a force multiplier for HUL Way, the company's action-plan to
maximize the number of outlets reached and to achieve leadership in every outlet, by
unshackling the field force to solely focus on secondary sales from the stockiest to
retailers and market activation. HUL Way has also led to implementing best practices in
customer management and common norms and processes across the company. Powered
by the IT tools it has further improved customer service, while ensuring superior
availability and impact visibility at retail points.

THE CHALLENGE OF THE RURAL MARKETS

70% of India's population resides in villages. Penetrating the rural markets is, therefore,
one of the key challenges for any marketer. While rural markets present a great
opportunity to companies, they also impose major challenges. At HUL, they have been at
the forefront of experimenting with innovative methods to reach the rural consumer.

Indirect coverage
Under the Indirect Coverage (IDC) method, company vans were replaced by vans
belonging to Redistribution Stockiest, which serviced a select group of neighboring
markets.

Operation Harvest

The reach of conventional media and, therefore, awareness of different products in rural
markets is weak. It was also not always feasible for the Redistribution Stockiest to cover
all these markets due to high costs involved. Yet, these markets are important since
growth opportunities are high.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 38
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Operation Harvest endeavored to supplement the role of conventional media in rural
India and, in the process, forge relationships and loyalty with rural consumers. Operation
Harvest also involved conducting of Product Awareness Programs on Vans. Cinema van
operations these are typically funded by the Redistribution Stockiest. Cinema Van
Operations have films and audio cassettes with song and dance sequences from popular
films, also comprising advertisements of HUL products Single Distribution Channel.

For rural India, HUL has established a single distribution channel by consolidating
categories. In a significant move, with long-term benefits, HUL has mounted an
initiative, Project Streamline, to further increase its rural reach with the help of rural sub-
stockiest. It has already appointed 6000 such sub-stockiest. As a result, the distribution
network directly covers about 50,000 villages, reaching about 250 Million consumers.

Distribution will acquire a further edge with Project Shakti, HUL's partnership with Self
Help Groups of rural women. The project, started in 2001, already covers over 5000
villages in 52 districts of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat, and is
being progressively extended. The vision is to reach over 100,000 villages,

They’re by touching about 100 million consumers. The SHGs have chosen to adopt
distribution of HUL's products as a business venture, armed with training from HUL and
support from government agencies concerned and NGOs. A typical Shakti entrepreneur
conducts business of around Rs.15000 per month, which gives her an income in excess of
Rs.1000 per month on a sustainable basis. As most of these women are from below the
poverty line, and live in extremely small villages (less than 2000 population), this earning
is very significant, and is almost double of their past household income

For HUL, the project is bringing new villages under direct distribution coverage. Plans
are being drawn up to cover more states, and provide products/services in agriculture,
health, insurance and education. This will both catalyze holistic rural development and
also help the




BABASAB PATIL                                                                       Page 39
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SHGs generate even more income. This model creates a symbiotic partnership between
HUL and its consumers, some of whom will also draw on the company for their
livelihood, and helps build a self-sustaining virtuous cycle of growth.




CHANNEL STRUCTURE




(Source: www.hll.com/channel structure)




BABASAB PATIL                                                             Page 40
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              CARRY AND RE-DISTRIBUTOR STOCKIEST

                        RE-DISTRIBUTOR STOCKIEST


Supermarkets- Self- service stores where there is a room for shoppers to browse and
interact with the products.

Family grocer- Over the counter store mainly for monthly household shopping

Kiosk- A tiny over the counter store, easily accessible for emergency purchases. It
stocks solely low unit packs.

Wholesale- Sells stock to small retailer and end user




BABASAB PATIL                                                                 Page 41
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DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL

OLD DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL OF HUL:



                               Manufacturer (Chennai)




                                      C & F (Hubli)



                                          RD




                                      Wholesalers




                                        Retailers




                                      End customer

Notation:

             C & F: Carriage Forward

             RD: Rural Distributor




BABASAB PATIL                                           Page 42
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NEW DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL OF HUL:




Notation:

3) C & F: Carriage Forward          4) RD: Rural Distributor

5) Lab RS: Lab Regional Stockiest   6) SS: Star Seller   7) SE: Shakti Entrepreneur




BABASAB PATIL                                                                Page 43
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               ARTICLE



HLL ANNOUNCES NEW CORPORATE IDENTITY

Company name is now Hindustan Unilever Limited

Mumbai, June 25, 2007: Hindustan Lever Limited today announced that it has obtained
approval from the Government for the change of the company name to Hindustan
Unilever Limited.


BABASAB PATIL                                                             Page 44
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With this the company’s new corporate identity represented by a new logo and the new
name Hindustan Unilever Limited comes into effect. The shareholders of the company
had earlier approved the proposal for change of name at the Company’s 74th Annual
General Meeting on May 18, 2007.

The Company believes that the new name provides the optimum balance between
maintaining the heritage of the Company and the synergies of global alignment with the
corporate name of Unilever. Most importantly the name retains “Hindustan” as the first
word in its name to reflect the Company’s continued commitment to local economy,
consumers, partners and employees. The new logo is symbolic of the company’s mission
of ‘Adding Vitality to life’. It comprises of 25 different icons representing the
organization, its brands and the idea of Vitality.

Mr Doug Baillie, CEO, Hindustan Lever Limited, said, “The identity symbolizes the
benefits we bring to our consumers and the communities we work in. Our mission is full
of promise for the future, opening up exciting opportunities where we have competitive
advantage for developing our business and our new identity will help us confidently
position ourselves in every aspect of our business.”

“The new name and the new logo will leverage the positioning, scale and synergy that
comes with being part of Unilever globally. It positions our organization on a global scale
and through the combination of retaining ‘Hindustan’ in the name brings the very best of
local and global to the forefront. For us this is really an opportunity, collectively as an
organization, to renew and strengthen our commitment to continue our endeavour to earn
the love and respect of India, by making a real difference to every Indian,” Mr Baillie
added.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 45
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             RESEARCH
      METHODOLOGY




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 46
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TITLE OF THE PROJECT

“A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL in
Belgaum rural.”



MAIN OBJECTIVES:

To assess the Push and Pull activities for HUL.


SUB OBJECTIVES:
    To evaluate the present Push and Pull activities of major players in the market

    To know the perception of the consumers.

    To understand the special Push activities and Pull activities undertaken at HUL
       company.

    To assess the product awareness of consumers and retailers satisfaction and
       expectations towards HUL.



SAMPLE DESIGN:



POPULATION:

Population for this research is 980 retailers of Belgaum Rural.

Sample size is 200.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                Page 47
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SAMPLE AREA:

Belgaum Rural (CIDC)

        Khanapur

        Nandgad

        Londa

        Hukkeri

        Yamakanamaradi

        Ganeshpur

        Peeranwadi

        Bagewadi

        Sambra

        Majagaon

        Macchhe

        M.K.Hubli



SAMPLING METHOD:

The process of drawing sample units from the population is called sampling method.

In order to have the unbiased results in the survey, the appropriate method of sampling
i.e. “stratified sampling” adopted. It also includes convenience sampling.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                Page 48
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DURATION OF THE PROJECT

10 weeks

FIELD WORK

This market research involved a field work of 3 weeks where in I have administered pre-
tested questionnaire to retailers. I have carried out the survey to 351 respondents by
having the personal interaction with them.

Vijeta outlets = “Whole sellers”

Star outlets   = “Retailers”

Consumers



TOOLS USED FOR ANALYSIS:
   1. Sample testing in SPSS software

   2. Graphical Representation of Analysis:

               a) Pie charts

               b) Bar Diagrams


DATA COLLECTION APPROACH:

Primary data:

Primary data is collected in ONE phase,

        Out of Belgaum city (Belgaum rural) Primary data has been used to carry out
           the research successfully. The secondary data has been collected from various
           journals and publications. For the purpose of gathering primary data a
           structure and non-disguised questionnaire was designed to collect data from
           the retailer. The questionnaire contains both open-ended and close-ended
           questions.


BABASAB PATIL                                                                 Page 49
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Method of Communication:

In order to minimize the bias in data collection, the method of personal interview was
adopted.

THE SOURCES OF THE DATA ARE AS FOLLOWS:

The study relies to a great extent on primary data and to some extent on secondary data:

PRIMARY DATA:

        Questionnaire

        Observation and interview technique
SECONDARY DATA:

        Information is collected through internet

        From various text books

        Journals and magazines

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY:

The study is restricted in the scope owing to the following limitations:

    The study is limited to a particular geographical area that is Belgaum rural only.

    The information and data collected and analyzed is restricted to the researchers’
       knowledge and ability.

    The answers that I have got from the retailers cannot be considered as totally
       perfect because of various personal and other limitations.

    Cost and time was also another limiting factor that affected the study.

    As retailer expectations and experiences include more of psychological aspects
       the survey made during a particular time period will give the information about
       the retailers during that particular time period. In order to be up-to-date in
       understanding the level of satisfaction periodic surveys are necessary.


BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 50
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                       DATA

            ANALYSIS AND
         INTERPRETATION




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 51
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PUSH

Q1. How long are you dealing with HUL products?

                     How long are you de aling w ith HUL products ?

                                                                           Cumulativ e
                              Frequenc y       Percent    Valid Percent     Percent
  Valid     1-2 YEARS                11             5.5             5.5            5.5
            2-4 YEARS                35            17.5            17.5          23.0
            4-6 YEARS                46            23.0            23.0          46.0
            MORE THAN 6 YEARS       108            54.0            54.0         100.0
            Total                   200           100.0          100.0




      How long are you dealing with HUL products?

                                                                      1-2 YEARS
                                                                   11.00 / 5.5%
                                                                      2-4 YEARS
                                                                  35.00 / 17.5%




    MORE THAN 6 YEARS
    108.00 / 54.0%                                                    4-6 YEARS

                                                                  46.00 / 23.0%




         Above graph indicates that 54% of the retailers are dealing with HUL from more
          than 6 years.



BABASAB PATIL                                                                        Page 52
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           23% of the retailers are dealing with HUL from 4-6 years, 17.5% and 5.5% are
            from 2-4 and 1-2 respectively.



 Q2. Which Category of HUL’s products you sell in your outlet?

              Which cate gory of HUL's products you s ell in your outlet?

                                                                           Cumulativ e
                                Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent       Percent
    Valid     personal c are           28        14.0            14.0            14.0
              Hous ehold care          31        15.5            15.5            29.5
              Beverages                 5         2.5             2.5            32.0
              All 3                   125        62.5            62.5            94.5
              Other                    11         5.5             5.5           100.0
              Total                   200       100.0          100.0




Which category of HUL's products you sell in your outlet?

      Other
                                                                  personal care
      5.50 / 5.5%
                                                                  14.00 / 14.0%




                                                                 Household care
                                                                  15.50 / 15.5%


                                                                        Beverages

                                                                    2.50 / 2.5%
      All 3
      62.50 / 62.5%




    It clearly seen from the above graph that 62.5% of retailers among the total of 200
     retailers are sell all categories(Personal Care, Household Care and Beverages) of


 BABASAB PATIL                                                                           Page 53
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  HUL products, 15%, 14%,5.5% of retailers sell Only Household Care, Personal Care
  products and others respectively and 2.5% of retailers are sell only Beverages.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                  Page 54
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Q3. Which brands of FMC products you kept in your outlet other than HUL?

                     P&G              160

                     Wipro            178

                     ITC              7

                     Others           110




     Above graph indicates that 160 of the retailers out of 200 kept P&G, 178 for
      wipro, 7for ITC and 110 for Others.




BABASAB PATIL                                                            Page 55
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Q4. Rate the following FMCG brands w. r. t their push activities. (1-V.High, 2-
High,3-Moderate, 4-Low and 5-V.Low)

                     Very     High     Moderate Low        Very Total
                     High                                  Low

             HUL     8        18       19         6        2      53

             P&G     6        10       21         11       2      50

             Wipro   18       12       10         3        2      45

             ITC     1        3        2          1               7

             Others 9         15       16         4        1      45

             Total   42       58       68         25       7      200




     Wipro has a very high Push activities compare to HUL and Others, HUL has high
      Push activities compare to Others, P&G have Moderate Push activities. P&G is
      comparatively Low.




BABASAB PATIL                                                             Page 56
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL

Q6. Indicate your view of HUL’s Push activities with respect to competitors.

                                                Sales Margin

                                                                                   Cumulativ e
                                   Frequenc y     Percent      Valid Percent        Percent
           Valid         Good             80          40.0              40.0             40.0
                         Neutral          80          40.0              40.0             80.0
                         Bad              40          20.0              20.0            100.0
                         Total           200         100.0            100.0



                                           Sales Margin


                   Bad

                   40.00 / 20.0%


                                                                                      Good

                                                                               80.00 / 40.0%




                   Neutral
                   80.00 / 40.0%




      Out of total population of retailers 40% retailer’s opinion is providing Sales
       Margin is Good, 40% are Neutral and 20% Bad.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                                    Page 57
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




                                        Lucky Draw s

                                                                       Cumulativ e
                           Frequenc y     Percent      Valid Percent    Percent
         Valid   Good             30          15.0              15.0         15.0
                 Neutral          90          45.0              45.0         60.0
                 Bad              80          40.0              40.0        100.0
                 Total           200         100.0            100.0




                                   Lucky Draws
          Bad
          80.00 / 40.0%


                                                                              Good
                                                                       30.00 / 15.0%




                                                                             Neutral
                                                                       90.00 / 45.0%




    Out of total population of retailers 15% retailer’s opinion is providing Lucky
     Draws is Good, 45% are Neutral and 40% Bad.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                          Page 58
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




                                           Stock Supply

                                                                           Cumulativ e
                              Frequenc y     Percent      Valid Percent     Percent
         Valid      Good            107          53.5              53.5          53.5
                    Neutral          49          24.5              24.5          78.0
                    Bad              44          22.0              22.0         100.0
                    Total           200         100.0            100.0




                                     Stock Supply


          Bad
          44.00 / 22.0%




                                                                                  Good
                                                                          107.00 / 53.5%

          Neutral

          49.00 / 24.5%




    Out of total population of retailers 53% retailer’s opinion towards Stock Suply is
     Good, 24.5% are Neutral and 22% are Bad.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                              Page 59
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




                                         Gift Offers

                                                                        Cumulativ e
                            Frequenc y     Percent     Valid Percent     Percent
         Valid    Good             38          19.0             19.0          19.0
                  Neutral          72          36.0             36.0          55.0
                  Bad              90          45.0             45.0         100.0
                  Total           200         100.0           100.0




                                     Gift Offers
           Bad
           90.00 / 45.0%


                                                                              Good
                                                                       38.00 / 19.0%




                                                                             Neutral
                                                                       72.00 / 36.0%




    Out of total population of retailers 19% retailer’s opinion is providing Gift Offers
     is Good, 36% are Neutral and 45% Bad.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                          Page 60
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




                                      Slab w is e Targets

                                                                          Cumulativ e
                               Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent       Percent
          Valid      Neutral          13         6.5             6.5              6.5
                     Bad             120        60.0            60.0            66.5
                     Worst            67        33.5            33.5           100.0
                     Total           200       100.0          100.0



                                    Slab wise Targets
             Worst
             67.00 / 33.5%

                                                                              Neutral
                                                                         13.00 / 6.5%




                                                                                Bad
                                                                       120.00 / 60.0%




    Out of total population of retailers 6.5% retailer’s opinion towards Slab wise
     Targets is Neutral,60% are Bad and 33.5% Worst

    Distributer should target the customers and then he should provide the Slab wise
     Targets..




BABASAB PATIL                                                                           Page 61
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




                                          Offers

                                                                     Cumulativ e
                             Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
         Valid     Good            102        51.0            51.0         51.0
                   Neutral          78        39.0            39.0         90.0
                   Bad              20        10.0            10.0        100.0
                   Total           200       100.0          100.0




                                          Offers

         Bad
         20.00 / 10.0%




                                                                             Good

                                                                     102.00 / 51.0%
         Neutral
         78.00 / 39.0%




    Out of total population of retailers 51% retailer’s opinion is providing Offers is
     Good, 39% are Neutral and 10% Bad.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                         Page 62
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




                                          Schem es

                                                                         Cumulativ e
                             Frequenc y    Percent    Valid Percent       Percent
         Valid     Good             77         38.5            38.5            38.5
                   Neutral          67         33.5            33.5            72.0
                   Bad              56         28.0            28.0           100.0
                   Total           200        100.0          100.0




                                          Schemes

             Bad
             56.00 / 28.0%
                                                                             Good

                                                                      77.00 / 38.5%




             Neutral

             67.00 / 33.5%




    Out of total population of retailers 38.5% retailer’s opinion is providing Schemes
     is Good, 33.5% are Neutral and 28% Bad.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                          Page 63
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




                                         Trade Dis counts

                                                                          Cumulativ e
                                 Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent     Percent
         Valid   Good                   34        17.0            17.0          17.0
                 Neutral                70        35.0            35.0          52.0
                 Bad                    96        48.0            48.0         100.0
                 Total                 200       100.0          100.0




                                         Trade Discounts
                 Bad
                 96.00 / 48.0%


                                                                          Good
                                                                   34.00 / 17.0%




                                                                         Neutral

                                                                   70.00 / 35.0%




    Out of total population of retailers 17% retailer’s opinion is providing Trade
     Discounts is Good, 35% are Neutral and 48% Bad.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                           Page 64
             A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                                 BELGAUM RURAL




          Q7. Rate the following factors which influence you in selling the products?

          (1- Most important and 9- least)

                                                          Rate the Factors

                                                                                                          Cumulativ e
                                                    Frequenc y     Percent        V alid Percent           Percent
                 V alid     Sales Margin                   24          12.0                 12.0                12.0
                            Spec ial Incentives            13           6.5                  6.5                18.5
                            Stock Supply                   27          13.5                 13.5                32.0
                            Gif t of f ers                 15           7.5                  7.5                39.5
                            Lucky Draw s                   11           5.5                  5.5                45.0
                            Slab w is e targets            11           5.5                  5.5                50.5
                            Trade Dis counts               23          11.5                 11.5                62.0
                            Schemes                        37          18.5                 18.5                80.5
                            Of f ers                       39          19.5                 19.5               100.0
                            Total                         200         100.0               100.0


                          Rate the Factors
                  30




                  20
                                                                                                             20
                                                                                                     19


                                                   14
                  10           12                                                      12
Percent




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          BABASAB PATIL                                                                                            Page 65
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL

     From the above graph it is clearly seen that 20% of the retailers influenced to sell
      the products by Offers, 19% -Schemes, 14 %-Stock Supply, 12 %Margin and 12
      %- Trade Discounts.



Q8. Does HUL provide you any special incentives for the shelf space that you
provide for their products?



          Doe s HUL provides you any s pe cial ince ntive s for the shlf s pace ?

                                                                         Cumulativ e
                                Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent     Percent
            Valid   Yes                67        33.5            33.5          33.5
                    No                133        66.5            66.5         100.0
                    Total             200       100.0          100.0




          Does HUL provides you any special incentives for the shlf space?


                                                                           Yes
                                                                   67.00 / 33.5%




                    No

                    133.00 / 66.5%




     From the above graph it is clearly seen that out of 200 retailers 33.5% retailers
      said Yes HUL provides special incentives for the shelf space and 66.5% said NO.



BABASAB PATIL                                                                          Page 66
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 67
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL

Q9. Are you satisfied with the push activities offered by the HUL?



               Are you Satis fied w ith the Push activities offe rs d by HUL?

                                                                              Cumulativ e
                                 Frequenc y    Percent    Valid Percent        Percent
           Valid    Satis fied         120         60.0            60.0             60.0
                    Neutral             80         40.0            40.0            100.0
                    Total              200        100.0          100.0




         Are you Satisfied with the Push activities offersd by HUL?
               Neutral
               80.00 / 40.0%




                                                                               Satisfied
                                                                          120.00 / 60.0%




      Above graph indicates that 60% of the consumers are satisfied with the Push
       activities Offered by HUL and 40% of the retailers are Neutral.

      Over all the retailers are satisfied.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                               Page 68
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL

PULL

Q1. What type of FMC products do you use?



                            What type of FMC products do you use ?

                                                                             Cumulativ e
                                    Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent     Percent
        Valid    Personal c are            55        27.5            27.5          27.5
                 hous ehold c are          55        27.5            27.5          55.0
                 All -3                    90        45.0            45.0         100.0
                 Total                    200       100.0          100.0



                         What type of FMC products do you use?
                All -3
                90.00 / 45.0%




                                                                      Personal care
                                                                      55.00 / 27.5%




                                                                     household care
                                                                      55.00 / 27.5%




      Above graph indicates that 55% of the consumers are using both Personal Care
       and Household Care products and no consumer is using only the Beverages.

      45% of consumers are using All (Personal Care, Household Care and Beverages)
       the FMCG products.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                          Page 69
           A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                               BELGAUM RURAL

      Q2 & Q4. Which Brands FMCG products do you use? / Which factors influence you
      to buy this particular brand only?




                Which factors influence you to buy this particular brand only?         Total

            Brand    Availability   Effective    Discounts offers Influence
          ambassador   in the     advertisements                  by others
                       market                                                                  Which
                                                                                               Brands
HUL            9            17              12            13         13          11     75
                                                                                               FMCG
P&G            4            16              10             6         8           5      49     products
                                                                                               do you
Wipro          1            14              9             15         20          10     69     use?

ITC            0             0              0              3         4                   7

              14            47              31            37         45          26    200




          HUL will sell largely in the market because of brand name , availability in the market
           Brand Ambassador. And P&G will sell in the market because of effective
           advertisements. And Wipro will sell in the market because of Discounts, Offers and
           Influence by others.




      BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 70
       A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                           BELGAUM RURAL

     Company should consider the other promotional like Discounts and offers which is
      best provided by the Wipro.

Q4.Why do you use this particular brand? Because of



                             Because of                                       Total

                             Brand   Quality   Promotional Price      All
                             Name              activities

                 HUL         9       20        9             23       14      75
    Why do
    you use
    this
                 P&G         5       16        7             12       9       49
    particular
    Brand?       Wipro       4       15        11            28       11      69

                 ITC         0       0         4             3        0       7

                             18      51        31            66       34      200




     Most of the consumer buy HUL’s products because of Brand Name and Quality of
      the product consumers buy Wipro because of Promotional Activities and price

BABASAB PATIL                                                                Page 71
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL

   compare to HUL, some consumers buy P&G because of Quality and most of the
   consumers buy HUL’s products because of All these.



Q6. Are you aware of HUL products?



                                Are you aw are of HUL pr oducts?

                                                                          Cumulativ e
                                Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent      Percent
           Valid   Yes                199        99.5            99.5           99.5
                    No                  1          .5              .5          100.0
                   Total              200       100.0          100.0




                                Are you aware of HUL products?
                   No
                   1.00 / .5%




                                                                            Yes

                                                                   199.00 / 99.5%




     It clearly seen from the above graph that 99.5% of consumers among the total of
      200 consumers are Aware of HUL and 0.5% are Not.


BABASAB PATIL                                                                           Page 72
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 73
          A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                              BELGAUM RURAL

   Q7.If yes, which of the products you tried so far?

                                   If Ye s, w hich of the products you trie d s o far?

                                                                                                         Cumulativ e
                                              Frequenc y                 Percent        V alid Percent    Percent
              V alid    Surf Ex cel                  21                      10.5                 10.5         10.5
                        Rin A dv anced Bar           18                       9.0                  9.0         19.5
                        Wheel Ac tive Pow der        42                      21.0                 21.0         40.5
                        Clinic A llClear             47                      23.5                 23.5         64.0
                        Lux                          11                       5.5                  5.5         69.5
                        Lif e Boy                    24                      12.0                 12.0         81.5
                        Peps odent                   17                       8.5                  8.5         90.0
                        Clos e Up                     6                       3.0                  3.0         93.0
                        Taj Mahal                     3                       1.5                  1.5         94.5
                        Brue                         10                       5.0                  5.0         99.5
                        Red Label                     1                        .5                   .5        100.0
                        Total                       200                     100.0               100.0



                            If Yes, which of the products you tried so far?
                       30



                                                          24
                       20                       21




                       10                                           12
                              11
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                            If Yes, which of the products you tried so far?



              Above graph indicates that 24% of the consumers have tried Clinic All Clear,
               21% of consumers tried Wheel Active Powder 12% Life Boy 11% Surf Excel 9%
               Pepsodentand 9% Rin Advanced.




   BABASAB PATIL                                                                                                  Page 74
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL

Q9.Which of the media influenced you the most to buy the product?

                Which of the m edia influe nce d you the m os t to buy the product?

                                                                                                                  Cumulativ e
                                                      Frequenc y           Percent         V alid Percent          Percent
       V alid             T. V                               67                33.5                  33.5               33.5
                           Print media                       11                 5.5                   5.5               39.0
                           By retailers                      63                31.5                  31.5               70.5
                           Spons oring Ev ents                4                 2.0                   2.0               72.5
                           Friends/ relatives                55                27.5                  27.5              100.0
                          Total                             200               100.0                100.0




                                        Which of the media influenced you the most to buy the product?
                                   40



                                               34
                                   30                                     32

                                                                                                    28


                                   20




                                   10
                Percent




                                                            6
                                   0
                                               T. V                   By retailers           Friends/ relatives
                                                        Print media             Sponsoring Events


                                        Which of the media influenced you the most to buy the product?




   It clearly seen from the above graph that 33.5% of consumers among the total of 200
    consumers are Influenced by T.V,31.5%- retailers,27.5% of consumers are Influenced
    by Friends and Relatives, 31.5% of consumers are Influenced by Retailer and 5.5%
    ,2%of retailers are by Print media and Sponsoring Events.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                                                             Page 75
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL

Q10.Does HUL’s promotional activities influence you to buy its products?



           Doe s HUL's prom otional activitie s influence you to buy its products ?

                                                                           Cumulativ e
                                  Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent     Percent
              Valid   Yes                67        33.5            33.5          33.5
                      No                133        66.5            66.5         100.0
                      Total             200       100.0          100.0




                                 Does HUL's promotional activities
                                 influence you to buy its products?

                                                                             Yes

                                                                     67.00 / 33.5%




                      No
                      133.00 / 66.5%




   Above graph indicates that 77.5% of the consumers are enforced by the HUL’s
    promotional activities and 22.5% are Not.

   Major proportions (77.5%) of the consumers are enforced by the HUL’s promotional
    activities.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                            Page 76
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL

Q12. Among the promotional activities, which do you feel better?

              Am ong the prom otional activities , w hich do you fee l be tte r?

                                                                               Cumulativ e
                                    Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent       Percent
          Valid   Free gifts               27        13.5            13.5            13.5
                  Disc ounts               81        40.5            40.5            54.0
                  Ex tra grams             92        46.0            46.0           100.0
                  Total                   200       100.0          100.0




                                Among the promotional activities,
                                    which do you feel better?
                  Extra grams
                  92.00 / 46.0%

                                                                            Free gifts
                                                                      27.00 / 13.5%




                                                                            Discounts
                                                                      81.00 / 40.5%




   Out of total population of consumers 13.5% consumer’s opinion is providing free
    gifts are a better promotional activity. And 46% consumers said providing extra
    grams are better promotional activity and 40% said discounts are the better
    promotional activity.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                                Page 77
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL

Q13. Indicate your view on HUL products?

                                          Indicate your vie w on HUL products .

                                                                                                        Cumulativ e
                                                  Frequenc y        Percent            V alid Percent    Percent
       V alid             Price                          69             34.5                     34.5         34.5
                          Quality                        21             10.5                     10.5         45.0
                          Taste                          10              5.0                      5.0         50.0
                          Quantity w . r. t price        62             31.0                     31.0         81.0
                          Of f ers                       38             19.0                     19.0        100.0
                          Total                         200            100.0                   100.0




                                        Indicate your view on HUL products.
                                   40



                                               35
                                   30                                             31




                                   20
                                                                                               19



                                   10
                                                          11
                Percent




                                                                     5
                                    0
                                              Price     Quality    Taste Quantity w. r. t pri Offers


                                        Indicate your view on HUL products.



   Out of 200 consumers 35.5% of consumers are satisfied with the price of the HUL
    products..

   10.5% consumers are satisfied with the Quality of product, 5.05% of consumers are
    satisfied with the Taste, 31% of consumers are satisfied with Quantity w. r. t Price
    and 19% of consumers are satisfied with the Offers provided by the HUL.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                                                   Page 78
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




          HYPOTHESES




BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 79
     A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                         BELGAUM RURAL

Hypotheses: For the purpose of analyzing the gathered information few marketing
hypotheses were the major issues in a successful conclusion of the research.


1. Issue: Satisfaction of retailers towards HUL’s Push activities……….
H0: More than 50% of retailers are satisfied with the Push activities offered by HUL.

H1: Less than 50% of retailers are satisfied with the Push activities offered by HUL.

Z > - 1.64 Accept H0.

Using Z test can prove this

Computation of Z value

Z=    P-P/ sigma P

P=0.50 , q = (1-P) =0.50      , N=200

where P= X/N = Respondents favoring Ho

                   Total sample size

P=120/200=0.60

Sigma P =     P (1-P)/ N          =0.0353

Z= 0.60-0.50/0.0353

Z =2.832

K= -1.64 (table value of Z)

Conclusion;

Since the calculated Z value (2.832) is greater than the critical value (k= -1.64) null
hypothesis (Ho) is accepted.

Result : More than 50% of retailers are satisfied with the Push activities offered by HUL.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                   Page 80
      A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                          BELGAUM RURAL




1. Issue: Promotional activities enforced to buy HUL products…
H0:      More than 40% of consumers said Discounts and Extra grams are the best
promotional.

H1: Less than 40% of consumers said Discounts and Extra grams are the best
promotional.

Z      - 1.64 Accept H0.

Using Z test can prove this

Computation of Z value

Z=     P-P/ sigma P

P=0.40     , (1-P) =0.60    , N=200

where P= X/N = Respondents favoring Ho

                      Total sample size

P=173/200=0.86



Sigma P=       P (1-P)/ N         = 0.0012

Z=     0.86-0.40/0.0012

Z = 13.29

K= -1.64 (referring table value of Z)

Conclusion;

Since critical value (K= -1.64) is less than calculated Z value (13.29) null hypothesis is
accepted.

Result



BABASAB PATIL                                                                   Page 81
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL

More than 40% of consumers said Discounts and Extra grams are the best
promotional.




BABASAB PATIL                                                 Page 82
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL


                                     FINDINGS

                                         PUSH

   From the survey it is found that 54% of the retailers are dealing with HUL from more
    than 6 years and 23% of the retailers are dealing with HUL from 4-6 years, 17.5%
    and 5.5% are from 2-4 and 1-2 respectively.

   It clearly seen from the above chapter that 62.5% of retailers among the total of 200
    retailers are sell all categories(Personal Care, Household Care and Beverages) of
    HUL products, 15%, 14%,5.5% of retailers sell Only Household Care, Personal Care
    products and others respectively and 2.5% of retailers are sell only Beverages.

   Out of 200, 160 of the retailers kept P&G, 178 for wipro, 7for ITC and 110 for Others
    respectively.

   Wipro has a very high Push activities compare to HUL and Others, HUL has high
    Push activities compare to Others, P&G have Moderate Push activities. P&G has
    comparatively Low P.A.

   Out of total population of retailers 40% retailer’s opinion is providing Sales Margin is
    Good, 40% are Neutral and 20% Bad with respect to competitors.

   Out of total population of retailers 15% retailer’s opinion is providing Lucky Draws
    is Good, 45% are Neutral and 40% Bad with respect to competitors.

   Out of total population of retailers 53% retailer’s opinion towards Stock Suply is
    Good, 24.5% are Neutral and 22% are Bad.

   Out of total population of retailers 19% retailer’s opinion is providing Gift Offers is
    Good, 36% are Neutral and 45% Bad with respect to competitors.

   Out of total population of retailers 6.5% retailer’s opinion towards Slab wise Targets
    is Neutral,60% are Bad and 33.5% Worst with respect to competitors

   Out of total population of retailers 51% retailer’s opinion is providing Offers is Good,
    39% are Neutral and 10% Bad with respect to competitors.
BABASAB PATIL                                                                     Page 83
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL

   Out of total population of retailers 38.5% retailer’s opinion is providing Schemes is
    Good, 33.5% are Neutral and 28% Bad with respect to competitors.

   Out of total population of retailers 17% retailer’s opinion is providing Trade
    Discounts is Good, 35% are Neutral and 48% Bad with respect to competitors.

   From the data analysis and interpretation     it is found that 20% of the retailers
    influenced to sell the products by Offers, 19% -Schemes, 14 %-Stock Supply, 12
    %Margin and 12 %- Trade Discounts.

   Out of 200 retailers 33.5% retailers said that HUL provides special incentives for the
    shelf space and 66.5% said that it doesn’t.

   Out of 200 retailers 60% of the consumers are satisfied with the Push activities
    Offered by HUL and 40% of the retailers are Neutral.

   Over all the retailers are satisfied.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                   Page 84
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL


                                         PULL

   As the survey conducted 45% of consumers are using All (Personal Care, Household
    Care and Beverages) the FMCG products, 55% of the consumers are using both
    Personal Care and Household Care products and no consumer is using only the
    Beverages.

   From the data analysis I come to know that HUL will sell largely in the market
    because of brand name and availability in the market Brand Ambassador. And P&G
    will sell in the market because of effective advertisements. And Wipro will sell in the
    market because of Discounts, Offers and Influence by others.

    Company should consider the other promotional like Discounts and offers which is
    best provided by the Wipro.

   Most of the consumer buy HUL’s products because of Brand Name and Quality of
    the product consumers buy Wipro because of Promotional Activities and price
    compare to HUL, some consumers buy P&G because of Quality and most of the
    consumers buy HUL’s products because of All these.

   Out of 99.5% of consumers among the total of 200 consumers are Aware of HUL and
    0.5% are Not.

   Above graph indicates that 24% of the consumers have tried Clinic All Clear, 21% of
    consumers tried Wheel Active Powder 12% Life Boy 11% Surf Excel 9% Pepsodent
    and 9% Rin Advanced.

   It clearly seen from the above graph that 33.5% of consumers among the total of 200
    consumers are Influenced by T.V,31.5%- retailers,27.5% of consumers are Influenced
    by Friends and Relatives, and 5.5% ,2%of retailers are           by Print media and
    Sponsoring Events.

   Major proportions (77.5%) of the consumers are influenced by the HUL’s
    promotional activities.


BABASAB PATIL                                                                    Page 85
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL




   Out of total population of consumers, 46% consumers said providing extra grams are
    better promotional activity and 40% said discounts are the better promotional activity
    And 13.5% consumer’s opinion is providing free gifts are a better promotional
    activity..

   Out of 200 consumers 35.5% of consumers are satisfied with the price of the HUL
    products. 10.5% consumers are satisfied with the Quality of product, 5.05% of
    consumers are satisfied with the Taste, 31% of consumers are satisfied with Quantity
    w. r. t Price and 19% of consumers are satisfied with the Offers provided by the HUL.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                   Page 86
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL


                                   SUGGESTIONS
Research has been made on the topic “Distributer Push and Consumer Pull in HUL” to
identify the Push activities for retailers and Pull activities for consumers at Belgaum
Rural. Whole study only depends upon Belgaum rural retailers and consumers.
Based on the analysis and the interpretation of the data given in the previous chapter,
suggestions are recorded as follows.
   Still few of the rural retailers’ choice of stocking depend on the factors like schemes,
    discounts, offers and margin and it attracts bulk orders to distributor. Distributor must
    satisfy retailers in respect to above Push activities.
   Distributor should maintain stock of all HUL products as it is existing for real long
    time in FMCG market and as it caters all range of customers.
   Discount, Offers, Gift Offers and company incentive should be passed on to the
    retailer by the distributors and distributor should periodically review the performance
    of their retailer.
   Most of the retailers are not happy with the distributors for not identifying them as
    aggressive retailers to carry out the slab target scheme. Hence the distributor should
    identify potential retailer outlets to carry out the slab wise targets.
   There is no credit facility provided to the retailers where as Competitors are providing
    good credit facility to retailers hence HUL distributor should provide at least one
    week credit facility so that distributer can be competitive and retailers can place Bulk
    orders.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                      Page 87
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL

PULL


   Company should consider the other promotional activities like Discounts and offers
    which is best to attract consumers for example offers and discounts given by the
    Wipro which is fetching them high profit.

   As most of the consumers are influenced by the retailers therefore some amount can
    be invested into push activities apart from huge investment on advertisement.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                  Page 88
    A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                        BELGAUM RURAL


                                 CONCLUSION
In todays competitive world survival is the fetest. This project brought up many facts
regarding Push and Pull activities of HUL for retailers and consumers. By this survey I
can conclude that HUL is really in need to perform better.
In case of Push activities
HUL distributor should try to provied some more additional offers to the existing ones
like Special incentives, Gift Offers, Lucky Draws, Slab wise Targets and credit facilities
to the retailers.
In case of Pull activities
HUL should try and give some extra grams, discounts and free gifts to the consumers.




BABASAB PATIL                                                                   Page 89
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




      Bibliography



BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 90
   A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                       BELGAUM RURAL




Marketing By Lamb, Hair, McDaniel

Advertising Management by Rajeev Batra, John G. Myers

ICFAI Journal

Marketing Management by Philip kotler

Marketing Research by Parshu Raman

www.hll.com
www.hllshakti.com
www.hulindia.com




BABASAB PATIL                                           Page 91
  A STUDY OF DISTRIBUTOR PUSH AND CUSTOMER PULL IN HUL IN
                      BELGAUM RURAL




          Annexure



BABASAB PATIL                                        Page 92

				
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