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In 300 A.D. the Roman Empire began to D.E.C.L.I.N.E

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In 300 A.D. the Roman Empire began to D.E.C.L.I.N.E Powered By Docstoc
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   Reflecting on the Pax Romana, what do
    you think may lead to the fall of Rome?
After the Pax Romana. the
 Roman Empire began to
       D.E.C.L.I.N.E.
The Decline of the Roman
Empire
   After Pax Romana, the Western part of
    Roman Empire declines for many
    reasons.
   Weak leaders = weak Empire
   Leads to division and then the collapse
    of Roman Empire.
Defense of the Empire
costs too much




 http://www.f rench-at-a-touch.com/Graphics_M-O/new_pa1.jpg
Economic difficulty and
the devaluation of Roman
currency
   Roman emperors continued to debase
    the coinage.
    • Debasing = backing the coinage up with less
      value.
    Can’t discipline military,
    it now includes invaders
   Need more soldiers; people begin to fight for pay,
    not their country.
   Rulers hire corrupt soldiers who fight for a price
    (mercenaries).
   Leads to lack of military discipline and loyalty




                       http://www258.pair.com/denarius/images/erf_rr1875.jpg
    Loss of faith in Rome
    and the family            http://www.utexas.edu/courses/romanciv/Romancivimages23/
                              severantondo.jpg

   The rich started to
    spend their money on
    products from the East,
    making Rome weaker.
   Population decline due
    to a poor understanding
    of fertility.
                              Notice anything out of the
                              ordinary in this picture?
Invasions on the borders
(Barbarians)
   Invaders include Visogoths, Ostrogoths,
    Franks, Huns, and Persians.
   Barbarians=
      “Outsiders”




http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/2
                68312/art/figures/KISH_06_140a.gif
New political problems,
civil conflict and weak
administration
 • Pandemic strikes Rome and further depletes
      it’s population.
  •   Military rivalries drained money and made
      Romans enemies of each other.




                             http://img360.imageshack.us/img360/1466/rome3ma.jpg
Eeeek! Moral decay!!
   People lose faith in Rome
   Crime and unemployment increase
        How do the Roman Emperors try
        to prevent the decline?
   Diocletian
    • Rules from 284- 305
    • Divides Empire into
        East and West.
    •   He rules East from
        the capital of
        Byzantium; appoints
        official to rule West
                                http://go.hrw.com/venus_images/0304MC05.gif
    Back to the Christian Church
  Christianity spreads rapidly through Mediterranean area
   because of missionaries.
 Romans become uneasy with Christianity gaining so much
   popularity.
 Roman leaders like Nero and Diocletian begin to blame
   Christians for any problems.
 Many Christians become martyrs.

       Martyr= person who suffers/dies for beliefs
**Christianity is sometimes named as a cause for the decline of
   Rome because people’s loyalty was to God instead of Rome.
The Great Emperor Constantine

   Takes throne in 313 AD.
   During battle, had a vision of the
    cross.
   Took this as a sign and ended
    persecution of Christians in the
    Empire.
   Issued the Edict of Milan –
    freedom of worship to all citizens;
    legalized Christianity.
Theodosius


   Takes throne in 380 AD.
   Declares Christianity official religion of
    Empire.
   Outlaws other religions.
Closing Remarks of Christianity
   Because of Constantine and Theodosius,
    Christian Church became example of
    moral authority.
   Loyalty to church became more important
    than loyalty to the emperor.
   As Roman Empire loses power in West,
    Church grows and becomes foundation for
    Western civilization.
   Christian Church becomes unifying force in
    Europe.
The Huns and Visigoths
   4th century, nomadic group called Huns
    invade area north of Roman Empire.
   The Visigoths in this area, flee to Empire.
   Visigoths eventually dominate the Roman
    military; Romans fear a takeover.
   Romans attack Visigoths but lose.
The End of the Empire
   476 AD Visigoths overthrow Rome and
    end Western Roman Empire.
   Eastern Empire survives another
    thousand years – becomes Byzantine
    Empire.
   Byzantium’s name becomes
    Constantinople.
Extra Credit Opportunity
   Due Monday, February 5th. (15 points)
   Write a two page essay comparing the Roman
    Empire to the United States.
    •   You can take several approaches to this:
         • Focus on the greatness and importance of both.
         • Focus on the causes of Rome’s decline and how the
           U.S. may be showing the same weaknesses.
         • Focus on the governmental structure and it’s impact.
         • Focus on the tactics of the military.
         • Anything else that is reasonable and that you are
             interested in researching (the impact of Christianity,
             great leaders, etc.)
         •   MLA Format, citation of resources (should include
             multiple resources), carefully proofread.
Reflection
   Which cause of DECLINE do you think is
    the most important in causing Rome to
    collapse?

				
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