General introduction to GP

Document Sample
General introduction to GP Powered By Docstoc
					  EBC - “Under Construction II” - Improving
  health and safety in construction SMEs

  Construction in figures


 Brussels
 23 February 2009




Michaela Seifert
EU-OSHA
Working Environment Information Unit
Figures - EU 27
Construction Sector


  More than 13 million persons employed in
   construction (10,5% of EU-27)
  Construction output: decrease due to economic
   crisis
  Decreases in construction output in 2008 were
   recorded in
      •   Spain (-23.7%)
      •   Sweden (-19.6%)
      •   Portugal (-6.2%)
      •   Bulgaria and France (both -5,2%)
      •   Slovenia (- 4,1%)
      •   Germany (-3,4 %)
Figures - EU 27
Construction Sector


  Increases of output:
       •   Romania (+16.1%),
       •   Slovakia (+10.3%)
       •   Poland (+5.0%)
       •   UK (+4.9 %)
  434 billion Euro value added in construction sector in
   EU27 in 2004 (8,5% of non-financial business
   economy’s value added)
  Characteristics of the sector (% share of the total
   number of persons employed, EU-27, 2006)
    o Gender: mainly male workers: 92%
    o Full-time work: 94 %
    o Age profile: 15-29: 24.6%; 30-49: 53.8%;
       50+: 21.6%
Construction - SMEs




   2.4 Mio construction companies in 2004

   97% SMEs with fewer than 20 employees

   93% have fewer than 10 employees

   Micro and small enterprises (with less than
    50 persons employed) generated
    65.7 % of EU‟s value added in 2002
Characteristics -
Construction Sector


  High proportion of self-employed: about 14%,
   (highest rate in agriculture – 48 %)
  High turnover: 12 % work only one year or less –
   (HORECA the highest)
  Migrant workers: most non-national workers in
   construction (17%)
  Long working hours (over 20%) in construction
   agriculture and HORECA
  MSDs remain a concern in Europe and in construction
   o Exposure of workers to vibrations in combination with
     working in awkard postures and carrying out muscular
     work
            4th European Working Conditions Survey
Characteristics -
Construction Sector


  Monotonous tasks more frequent in construction,
   agriculture, manufacturing and HORECA
  Training: very low levels in construction, HORECA,
   agriculture, retail trade and manufacturing
  Automatic speed of a machine determines pace
   of work (24%) – manufacturing the highest (41%)
  Levels of working impacting on health higher
   than average (agriculture is the highest)
  Highest level of exposure to physical risk
   factors: chemical/biological, ergonomic,
   noise/temperature
           4th European Working Conditions Survey
Accidents EU27, 2005
Construction




       Fatal accidents in Construction


                             1466


                                         Construction
                                         Rest of sectors


          4254
Accidents EU27, 2005 –
Construction and other sectors



                                Fatal accidents

                                                              5720




      1466
                     650                             896
                                      72

   Construction   Agriculture      HORECA         Transport   Total
Fatal accidents 1995-2005




            Incidence rates per 100 000 workers EU15

   16
   14
   12
   10                                                     1995
    8                                                     2000
    6                                                     2005
    4
    2
    0
        Construction   Agriculture   HORECA   Transport
Fatal accidents in
construction 2005 - MS




                 EU Member States with highest numbers

  1600   1466
  1400
  1200
  1000
   800
   600
   400           248   239
   200                       132   123   114   111   106   60   40
     0
         Total    ES   IT    DE    RO    FR    PT    PL    UK   AT
Construction – fatalities –
comparative rates by 100 000
workers

           Country                           Fatality rate


          Sweden                                 1.1


       United Kingdom                            1.7


           France                                3.4


           Spain                                 4.7


          Portugal                               8.0


            Source: EU Technology Platform
Accidents in Construction
EU15, 2005



          Accidents - NON-fatal (more than 3 days lost)

                                                     3983881




     727820
                   232224       197174    316866


   Construction   Agriculture   HORECA   Transport    Total
Agency’s publications for the sector




    Workplace exposure to vibration in Europe: an expert
     review
    Skin diseases and dermal exposure: policy and
     practice overview
    Emerging chemical risks to be published next month
    E-fact 19 - Prevention of vibration risks in the
     construction sector
    E-fact 17 - The prevention of work-related neck and
     upper limb disorders (WRULDs) in construction
    E-fact 2 - Preventing vehicle accidents in construction
    E-fact 1 - Musculoskeletal disorders in construction
    All 2004 campaign related publications on good practice
      Healthy Workplaces
Good for you. Good for business.

        A European campaign
         on Risk Assessment
            What is Risk Assessment?
• RA is the first step to safer and healthier workplaces
  and the key to reducing work-related accidents and
  diseases.

• RA is the process of evaluating the risks to workers´
  safety and health from workplace hazards. It is a
  systematic examination of all aspects of work that
  considers:
   ► What could cause injury or harm,
   ► Whether hazards can be eliminated and, if not,
   ► What preventive or protective measures need to be in place to
     control the risks.
           How to do Risk Assessment?
• There are two principles which should always be born in
  mind when carrying out an RA:
   ► Structure the assessment to ensure all relevant hazards and
     risks are addressed
   ► First, try to eliminate them. If not possible, reduce them.

• Five-step approach to RA:
      1. Identifying hazards and people at risk
      2. Evaluating and prioritising risks
      3. Deciding on preventive action
      4. Taking action
      5. Monitoring and reviewing

      Remember: RA should be done with the employees‟ active
      involvement
                Campaign objectives
• Raise awareness and encourage to do RA

• Demystify the process
   ► Not necessarily complicated or bureaucratic
   ► Not only for specialists


• Underline that quality counts
   ► Involvement of everyone in the workplace
   ► On-going process (not a one-off)


• Identify and promote good practices
           Partnership approach
• You help us…

          Get involved in the campaign


• We give you…

          Getting recognition for your
          efforts
       Official Campaign Partners (1)
• 1st group (announcement on 13 October 2008)

   ► BusinessEurope
   ► ETUC (European Trade Union Confederation)
   ► CEOC – Confederation of Inspection and Certification
     Organisations
   ► ESF (European Safety Federation)
   ► EMF (European Men‟s Health Forum – NGO)
   ► ETPIS (European Technology Platform on Industrial Safety)
   ► EuroCOP
   ► Ideal Standard International
   ► Johnson & Johnson
     Official Campaign Partners (2)
• 2nd group (announcement on 4 December 2008)

  ► Air Liquide
  ► Baxter
  ► Eli Lilly
  ► Confédération Européenne des Syndicats Indépendants
    (CESI)
  ► European Federation of National Maintenance Societies
    (EFNMS)
  ► European Process Safety Centre (EPSC)
  ► General Electrics (GE)
  ► European Association of Industrial Minerals Producers
    (IMA-Europe)
     Official Campaign Partners (3)
• 3rd group (announcement end February 2009)

  ► CEFIC (European Chemical Industry Council)
  ► EBC (European Builders Federation)
  ► ECTA (European Chemical Transport Association)
  ► EFBWW (European Federation of Building and Woodworkers)
  ► ENSHPO (European Network of Safety and Health Professional
    Organisations)
  ► ETF (European Transport Workers‟ Federation)
  ► ETSA (European textile Service Association)
  ► EWEA-AEE (European Wind Energy Association & Asociación
    Empresarial Eólica)
  ► FIEC (European Construction Industry Federation)
  ► FOHNEU (Federation of Occupational Health Nurses)
  ► HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPORATION
  ► ISHCCO (International Safety and Health Construction
    Coordinators Organization)
  ► KRKA
     The Agency is now working on…



• Sectoral video production



• Interactive risk assessment tool (IRAT)
                      Video production 1
•   Objective:
     ► To produce more audiovisual material on our subjects --- for our
       website, for use in our events, conferences and presentations and for
       promotion to the audiovisual press.

•   Sectors to be filmed:
     ►Construction
     ► HORECA
     ► Cleaning

•   Content
     ► Typical situations were accidents/ill health are caused
     ► The contractor to identify (with help from the social partners):
          an accident / ill health victim
          a suitable filming location and
          an expert for interview

•   Next steps:
     ► By end April the first drafts should be ready
                  Video production 2
• Current status:
   ► The film for the construction sector should focus on
     construction falls (falling materials, falling from height) and
     safe roof works.

   ► Noise and vibration should also be illustrated in the film, while
     asbestos should be treated in the full length interview with the
     expert.

   ► ESN in contact with companies in Germany and in the UK, the
     British one being probably the best option.
    Interactive Risk Assessment tool (IRAT) - Goal


• To contribute to the “development of simple tools to
  facilitate RA” (Community Strategy 2007-2012)

• To develop and promote with social partners a
  practical RA tool in order to help companies in
  general and SMEs in particular to put in place the RA
  process;

• To contribute to demystify the RA process;

• To provide a tool which illustrates, through a
  stepwise approach, the RA process
               IRAT - Target Audience

• SME(s). This tool could be used mainly for those
  SMEs wanting to carry out a RA or complete/review
  their RA;

• Our intermediaries (social partners, OSH
  practitioners, ….)

• Anyone who would like to have a more practical
  overview on how to carry out a RA
  (“pedagogic/training” dimension of the tool).
Checklist, overview of topics and progress
A certain question can filter out (hide) subsequent questions ...
     ... or activate subsequent questions;
this view shows all questions within the topic
This view shows one question at a time, plus
explanation, image, hyperlinks, progress bar
Room for legal references and a box for additional
       comments in case of special risks
Questions and answers are shown in a report, which
           also indicates problem areas
Automatic Action plan, includes hazards, actions,
     sorting on priority, updateable status
                 Next steps for 2009

• “Internationalize” the tool (adapt the TNO tool to
  support multilingualism)

• Translate (into English) and adapt the IRAT intended
  to SMEs

• Translate the SMEs IRAT into other EU languages
  (depending on the expression of interest from FOPs
  or other national organisations)

• Develop the sectoral IRATs (in close partnership
  with the social partners from the sector)
         Campaign: Next steps for 2009


► 17 March        EU Partnership meeting
                  + Official campaign partners “Get together”
► 27 April        CZ EU Presidency conference
                  + GPA ceremony
► 26/27 Oct.      SE EU Presidency conference
► 16/17 Nov.      Closing event + Exhibition
                  - Day 1: Networking
                  - Day 2: Conference
► 5 big PR projects
      Journalist excursions (GPA winners)
      Photo competition
      EU OSH survey
      OSH film award
      3 OSH TV reports (construction, HORECA, cleaning)
        And finally to remind ourselves…
• 205 million employees in Europe

• 167,000 fatalities attributed to work-related accidents
  and diseases in EU-27, and within that:
   ► 159,000 fatalities attributed to work-related diseases
          74,000 fatalities attributed to hazardous substances at work
           (asbestos included)


   ► 7,460 fatalities caused by accidents at work


   The figures in this presentation are taken from our campaign summary:
   http://osha.europa.eu/campaigns/hw2008/campaign/campaignsummary
           …why are we doing this?
• Every 3.5 minutes, somebody in the EU-27 dies from
  work-related causes.

• Every 4.5 seconds, a worker in the EU-27 is involved in
  an accident that forces him/her to stay at home for at
  least three working days.

• The number of accidents at work causing three or
  more days of absence is huge: over 7 million every
  year.
       This all comes at a huge cost…
• Human cost for workers and their families (real people
  behind each statistic)

• Business costs for organisations/companies (sick
  leave, insurance costs, productivity, turnover,
  motivation, competitiveness etc.)

• Cost for society (increasing burden on healthcare
  systems)
      To all campaign partners…




Thank you for helping us spread the Risk
         Assessment message

     Without you, we cannot do it!
      Contact us if you need more info
              THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

• Corporate Promotions Manager
  Marta Urrutia
  E-mail: urrutia@osha.europa.eu

• Project manager, Risk Assessment
  Lorenzo Munar
  E-mail: munar@osha.europa.eu

• Manager, Brussels Liaison Office
  Brenda O„Brien
  E-mail: obrien@osha.europa.eu

          European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
                Gran Vía, 33 - 48009 Bilbao - Spain
                      Tel. +34 94 479 43 60
                      Fax. +34 94 479 43 83
                      http://osha.europa.eu