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					        CPMR Conference
     Baltic Master Workshop
    Karlskrona, 1-2 June,2006
Prepared by: Mrs Urszula Kowalczyk, Jakub Piotrowicz
    R&D Institute

• over 100 employees
• established in 1950
under The Ministry of Shipping
current Ministry of Maritime
Economy (analysis, expertises,
statistics, opinions, yearly reports
on maritime economy in Poland)
           Fields of Activity
• Maritime Hydrotechnics
• Environment Protection
• Ecology
• Operational Oceanography
• Water Economy and Maritime
• Seaborne trade, Logistics,
• Marine Corrosion
• Marine Electronics

•   The Baltic MaSTER – Maritime Safety Across Borders
•   BaSIM - Baltic Sea Information Motorways
•   InterBaltic
•   LOG_VAS- Logistic Value-Added Services
•   InLoC – Integrating Logistics Centres in the Baltic Sea Region
    (Continuation of completed: NeLoC - Networking Logistics Centres in the
    Baltic Sea Region)
•   LOG_ALL - Strategic Logistics Alliance Hanse-Passage
•   InterMareC: Interregional Maritime Cluster – Development and
                    Maritime Institute in Gdańsk
           is the Leader of WP2 of Baltic Master Project:

Strategic focus of WP2:
 Preventive measures to avoid accidents
related to the increase of transportations
 of oil and other hazardous goods in the BSR.

Main outputs:

•Improved safety in BSR- reports on PSSA and APMs-
 regional and local perspectives
•Reports and workshops concerning monitoring systems
•Vision of PSSA 2020
•Action List for the regions
Major mechanisms

WP2 Report will cover PSSA/APM’s
and other elements.
- Traffic separation/ Routing
- Areas to be avoided
- No anchoring areas
- Ship reporting systems (including Automatic Identification
System AIS)- results from Maritime Traffic Monitoring Report
- Ice/winter navigation
- Discharge restrictions
- Maps of areas endangered by oil spills
- Places of refuge on the Baltic Sea Area- legal status,
designation etc. - Baltic Sea-wide concept of harbours for
ships in distress
- Requirements on vessels
 Major mechanisms
- Dangerous goods report (examination of routes of
transportation of dangerous goods, Vision of dangerous
goods transport in view of PSSA – monitoring of vessels
within Exclusive Economic Zones
- Collision and grounding model for ship collision and
grounding probability
- Reaction plans for accidents and oils spills
- Hydro-meteorological information
- Identification of hazards for future Formal Safety
Assessments – systematic process for assessing risks and
evaluating IMO options for reducing risks.
- Traffic intensity forecast- Forecast of traffic level, detailed
statistics of traffic
Routes- Variant development
Accident Risk Assessment
Pollution Risk Assessment
Socio-Economic Assessment
PSSA and APMs Report

- Description of current PSSA status and Associated
Preventive Measures assessment process
- PSSA as an inventory of knowledge, legal status,
analysis of existing procedures
- Description of regional priorities for the PSSA
- Situation of The Baltic Sea Area in comparison with
other European PSSA areas,
- Mapping of responsibility
- Definition of major PSSA mechanisms, objectives and
present status
Maritime Traffic Monitoring as APM

- Report on use of AIS (Automatic Information Systems)
on the Baltic Sea
-Analysis of Traffic Monitoring Systems
workshops, description, use of Information Exchange
- Sharing experiences on Maritime Safety Information
Exchange System (SWIBŻ)
- SafeSeaNet’ exchange of information in Coastal
States on the Baltic Sea present state and planned
- Detection and dealing with accidents involving
potential loss of oil
Tracks of ships equipped with AIS along the Polish coast
                    (01.12.2005 – 16.12.2005)
Particulary Sensitive Sea Area – PSSA

“An area which needs special protection through action by IMO because
of its significance for recognised ecological (uniqueness, vulnerability,
dependency) or socio-economic (economy, recreation, human
dependency) or scientific (research, monitoring, historical value) reasons
and which may be vulnerable to damage by maritime activities.”
(IMO Resolution A.927(22) and Guidelines for Identification and
Designation of PSSA)

Maritime Environmental High Risk Areas (MEHRA)

- comparatively limited areas of high sensivity which are also at risk from
Source: WWF
      Associated Protective Measures (APM’s)
•   Ship reporting and routing
•   Shipping mangement plans navigation charts
•   Disaster management concept
•   Oil spils risk assessment
•   Satellite and aerial surveillance,
•   Traffic Separation Scheme s(new, or extended)
•   Vessel Traffic Services
•   Compulsory pilotage
•   Areas to be avoided
•   Certain activities prohibited
Legal Framework: UNCLOS
Regulations under IMO: MARPOL 73/78
The IMO is the only international body responsible
for designating areas as Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas
and adopting associated protective measures
IMO A 24/Res.982 , Feb.2006
             Associated Preventive Measures assessment process

WP2 Method
Of APM’s                                                               Definition phase

Assessment                                                                                                                      Present status
Process              Definition
                                                                                                                             Description of present status
                Definition of Associated                                                                                         including use of APM
                 Preventive Measure                                         Objectives                                       mechanisms so far and/or the
                      mechanism                                                                                               background information as
                                                             Definition of objectives for implementation of
                                                                                                                             reference for implementation
                                                            APM mechanisms, development of indicators of
                                                                                                                                  indicator calculation
                                                               effectiveness of implementation of APM

                                           Implementation variants development process

                    Forecast of transport intensity                                             Implementation variant development
              Preparation of transport intensity forecast based on politically                      Preparation of set of variants/scenarios of APM’s
                seemless scenario of increase of dangerous good cargo                           implementation with preparation of data needed for futher
                 volume, as well as destination configuration changes.                                      APM’s effectiveness evaluation

                                                          APM’s implementation variant N assessment

                                                 APM’s implementation variant ... assessment

                                           APM’s implementation variant 1 assessment

                                                 Pollution risk                        Potential                         Socio-
              Accident risk                      assessment                             impact                          economic
                                                      Preparation of                                                     impact
                                                                                       Assessment of
                 Preparation of                 assessment of pollution
                                                                                    possible extents of             Assessment of possible
                 assessment of                     risks or probability
                                                                                  pollution impact, based            socioeconomic impact
                 accident risks                       connected to
                                                                                     on statistical and             of both implementation
                  connected to                     implementation of
                                                                                        probabilistic                 of APM’s variant, as
               implementation of                specific variant of APM.
                                                                                        evaluations.                 well as possible future
               specific variant of                Based on previously
                                                                                   Assessment of extent               polltution reduction/
                      APM                        prepared accident risk
                                                                                  and areas at most risk                    increase

             APM’s implementation variants joint assessment, result discussion and recommendations
              Reccomendation on actual implementation of APM’s variants with best/most effective objectives fullfiling. Discussion on different variants with
                                         executive summary of APM’s implementation variants. Political actions proposals.

Compulsory reporting and traffic surveillance
- use of common Baltic Sea monitoring systems - AIS as a natural tool for VTS

Routeing systems
More than fifteen traffic separation schemes are established and adopted by IMO in eight parts of
the Baltic Sea Area. Ship’s Routeing is the organization of traffic flow in or around areas where
navigation by all ships or certain classes of ships is dangerous or undesirable / IMO Resolution
A.572(14) /

Pilotage services are established locally by the port States and are normally compulsory
for ships over certain sizes.

Escort and escorting tugs
- considered to be introduced to to avoid groundings

Areas to be avoided
- areas of the Baltic Sea focusing on the special protection requirements of certain marine species
and their individual marine environment (e.g.: wintering or moulting areas for seabirds or important
reproduction and nursery grounds for marine mammals )
                  Traffic density – Southern Baltic
• Through the area between the Bornholm Island and Polish coast
      approximately 16 000 ships equipped with AIS are passing yearly
•     The main destinations of eastbound vessels in transit include the ports
      situated in
           the Gulf of Gdańsk (32%),
           Klaipeda and Liepaja (20%) and
           Russian ports in the Kaliningrad region (19%).
•     Approximately 8500 vessels pass yearly between Western Baltic ports or
      entrances to the Baltic Sea and ports in the Gulf of Gdańsk, passing along
      central Polish coasts.
•     Tankers represent 17% of all traffic in that area including VLCCs up to
      maximum accommodated draught on the Baltic (15 metres or 15.3 metres in
      fresh water).
•     Some 8% of vessels have a draught of 8 metres and more.
Source: Maritime Office Gdynia, Cpt. B. Rojek
Source: HELCOM MARITIME 4/2005
                        SOME FACTS AND ANALYSIS

      International shipping is under constantly growing pressure to
     minimise the impact of accidents and operations on the marine and
                            coastal environment
      - oil spills,
--    - collisions and grounding,
      - waste discharges,
      - anchor damage,
      - ship generated noise, etc.

• One large spill can disrupt sea and shore life over many miles and
llegal oil discharges in the central part of Baltic Sea
Risk for oil spills for bay of Gdańsk- summer/winter
       Maritime Institute in Gdańsk’ analysis

   SUMMER                            WINTER
                   Routeing measures
         traffic separation schemes and routes

• aim to encourage ships to follow routes where
  vessels are less likely to collide with each other,
  run ashore or get into difficulties.
• aim to reduce the scope for a disaster if the
  ship does fet into difficulty and direct ships
  away from areas where pollution would be
  highly damaging.
                  IN THE SOUTHERN BALTIC SEA

• At 51st Session of the NAV Sub-Committee, the Governments of Denmark,
  Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden submitted
  a joint proposal to approve the new traffic separation schemes
  Bornholmsgat and North of Rügen, the amendment to the traffic separation
  scheme South of Gedser, the recommended deep-water route Eastern Baltic
  Sea and the new areas to be avoided at Norra Midsjöbanken and Hoburgs
  Bank (NAV 51/3/6).
• The proposed routeing measures will enter into force at 0000 hours UTC on
  1 July 2006 after adoption by the 24th Assembly in Resolution A.977(24).
• Advanced plans of the Government of Poland were introduced, comprising
  additional new routeing measures in the southern Baltic Sea including a
  recommended deep-water route “D” in the Southern Baltic.
   Current traffic separation schemes “Gulf of Gdańsk”
• Ships operating on routes to the Polish ports in the Gulf of Gdańsk make
   over 13.000 passages yearly, not including the local traffic of small
   vessels, fishing boats and leisure crafts.

• More then 2.000 of above are chemical tankers, gas tankers, oil tankers
   with VLCCs up to maximum accommodated draught on the Baltic.

• Routing measures in the Gulf of Gdańsk consist of existing two traffic
   separation schemes established and announced in Polish Notices to
   Mariners in 1980, revised and amended with Inshore Traffic Zones in

• TSSs are within responsibility of the Vessel Traffic Services “Gulf of
   Gdańsk” established on 1 May 2003, acting as a coastal VTS and MAS,
   operated according IMO Resolution A.857(20) and IMO Resolution
   A.950(23) respectively. Mandatory reporting system under local VTS
   Regulations is in force in VTS Area.
                    Basic conclusions
• Further protective mesures are necessary to eliminate and reduce
    shipping related impacts
•   The intesity of pollution increases due to insufficient information
    exchange system, lack of equipment or lack of clear emergency
•   PSSA and APM’s can signifficantly contribute to a sustainable policy
    and management regime. They can help to create a strong integrated
    marine spatial planning tool for reducing shipping impact
•   There is the need to improve the education and training of seamen
    before the background that 8 out of 10 accidents are due to human
    failure (IMO’s information)
•   Measures decided on the level of EU, IMO and HELCOM will not
    have the desired effect if they are not implemented and uniformly
    enforced at the different levels by all Baltic States
        Mrs Urszula Kowalczyk
     Maritime Institute in Gdansk
Head of Economics and Law Department
     Baltic Master WP2 Leader
         +48 58 301 16 41

            Jakub Piotrowicz
     Maritime Institute in Gdansk
    Baltic Master WP2 Manager
         +48 58 301 16 41

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