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HIVAIDS

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					           HIV/AIDS

Major effects on women and children
      in developing countries
AIDS has a disproportionate impact on young women in Africa




       AIDS Prevalence (ages 15-24) in Sub-Saharan Africa   Global Health Council
       Why do women have an increased risk?

• Decision to have sex not
  theirs
        Why do women have an increased risk?

• Decision not theirs

• Married women

   – Higher rate than single
     women

   – Husbands already
     sexually experienced
        Women are more susceptible

• Male – female
  transmission twice as
  high
           Women are more susceptible

• Male – female
  transmission twice as
  high

• Violence
   – “In Zambia, Kenya and South
     Africa, 20 to 25 percent of
     women reported that their first
     sexual experience involved
     physical force” (Global Health
     Council)
Why do children have increased risk?

                   • Contract from mother
Why do children have increased risk?

                   • Contract from mother

                   • Immune system not as
                     able to fight off
Barriers to AIDS Prevention
              • Condom use not
                accepted
Barriers to AIDS Prevention
              • Condom use not
                accepted
Barriers to AIDS Prevention
              • Condom use not
                accepted

              • Stigma
                – “While in some places the
                  advent of free and accessible
                  antiretroviral therapy has
                  offered hope and encouraged
                  people to go for testing, stigma
                  remains a barrier to testing
                  even where treatment is
                  available” (Plos Medicine)
       Results of the Epidemic

      • Orphans

• No “breadwinner” left
HIV doesn’t only affect the person who is infected




                Global Health Council
Education can reduce transmission


                 • Open discussion of facts
                   and misconceptions
Education can reduce transmission


                 • Open discussion of facts
                   and misconceptions

                 • Reducing stigma in
                   community
                                Typical quiz
1.) Can you tell if a person has AIDS by looking at him or her? Yes Maybe No

2.) Is there a difference between HIV and AIDS? Yes Maybe No

3.) Can people get HIV/AIDS through sex? Yes Maybe No

4.) Can small children get HIV/AIDS though sex? Yes Maybe No

5.) Can you get HIV/AIDS if you have unprotected sex once? Yes Maybe No

6.) Can a mother give her child HIV/AIDS through breast milk? Yes Maybe No

7.) Is HIV/AIDS a problem only in Africa? Yes Maybe No

8.) Is it better to wear more than one condom? Yes Maybe No

9.) What must be on toothbrushes, razors, and needles to spread HIV? Blood
Sweat Saliva
                               Typical quiz
1.) Can you tell if a person has AIDS by looking at him or her? Yes Maybe No

2.) Is there a difference between HIV and AIDS? Yes Maybe No

3.) Can people get HIV/AIDS through sex? Yes Maybe No

4.) Can small children get HIV/AIDS though sex? Yes Maybe No

5.) Can you get HIV/AIDS if you have unprotected sex once? Yes Maybe No

6.) Can a mother give her child HIV/AIDS through breast milk? Yes Maybe No

7.) Is HIV/AIDS a problem only in Africa? Yes Maybe No

8.) Is it better to wear more than one condom? Yes Maybe No

9.) What must be on toothbrushes, razors, and needles to spread HIV? Blood
Sweat Saliva
                  Does it help?


• On average, classes
  showed a 60 percent
  increase in score after
  the third day
 They don’t only
 need treatment,
    they need
education, starting
with the children!

				
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posted:9/1/2012
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