By: Stephanie Sciturro-Smith
1. American Football
2. Alpine Skiing
2. Disco Dresses
3. Straight or flared leg trousers
4. Short jackets
5. Spandex shorts
1. Pet rock
2. 8 track tapes
3. Big teased hair
4. The Macarena
1. Fisher price bowling
2. Molly Moo Cow
3. Musical baby Ann Doll
4. Pocket Camera
5. Snap lock beads
1. Rossellini’s The Messiah
2. Andy Warhol’s Chairman Mao
3. Joan Miro’s Cantic Del Sol
4. Karine Percheron-Daniels ‘ The Last Supper
5.Takanobu Kobayashi’s Dog
1. John Denver- Leaving on a Jet Plane
2. Tony Orlando- Mornin Beautiful
3. Madonna- Strike a Pose
4. MC Hammer- Can’t Touch This
5. Billy Joel- I Go to Extremes
Conservative Politics Reagan’s Agenda The Busch Years
• The Cold War promotes a • Supply-side economics • Communism collapses in
strong foreign policy and an emphasizes large tax cuts. Eastern Europe and the Soviet
emphasis on minimal • Reagan’s administration takes Union.
government intervention in a strong anti-Communist stance • The uncertainty of a ”New
economics. in Latin America, the Caribbean, World Order” replaces the
• Cold War fears of communism and the Middle East. dualism of the Cold War.
encourage religious Americans • Reagan and Gorbachev begin • The Persian Gulf War drives
to turn to conservative ideas. new nuclear arms reductions. Bush’s popularity to its highest
• Barry Goldwater wins the 1964 •Military spending drives the level.
Republican presidential growing budget deficit to record • A domestic economic
nomination. levels. recession weakens Bush’s re-
• The growth of the Sunbelt election campaign.
increases conservative support.
Vietnam War is still going on during all of this
Richard Nixon is running for reelection
Elected for 2 terms in office 68 and 72
Long political carrier in office
Bugging the National Democratic head quarters May 28th, 1972 in the Watergate
Who hired these people to do it?
Approved by Nixon’s reelection said it was C.R.E.E.P
What were the crimes of Watergate?
Breaking into the DNC
Illegal campaign corporations
Bugging Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatric office
One of the defense departments, architect for the policy in Vietnam, realizes he is wrong,
cracks up and sees a psychiatrist, regroups and steals papers about Vietnam from the
pentagon and has them published, Nixon tries to discredit him by breaking into his office and
get papers on him saying he is crazy, but they get caught.
His book was called the Pentagon Papers- show through documents the lies of Vietnam
Lying under oath about knowing any or all of this information
The Watergate investigation held congressional hearings looking for the truth- at first
everyone lied, including the closest advisors to the president, then burglars get convicted
and it is shown that they are all lying and start getting inedited
Watergate Tapes- Richard Nixon tapes every conversation in the oval office so he can write
them in his memoir, and the people want his tapes. Nixon declares executive privilege and
that he does not have to produce the tapes because of national security. He finally
transcribes them and blacks out everything about National Security, but instead Nixon
blacks out everything but “the, and or swear words” and the court says hand over the
tapes, but 18 minutes was erased on one tape and they know he said it. Nixon blows it off
and the advisors who were also liars say he’s a liar for 2 years. Nixon is supposed to be
Was he impeached?
No, in July 30th, 1974 the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives votes to
bring articles of impeachment to the house floor, before this can happen the president
resigns August 9th, 1974.
Pardon of Nixon by Gerald R. Ford- Ford is V.P. and tells the people that he is going to
Pardon Nixon as many times as it takes
We are such in a bad state that they should forget about it and move on
Denying any knowledge of the cover up of all this information
Inflation- When the value of a dollar is decreased or lost
Embargo- Ban on trade made by the Government
Stagflation- inflation including a stagnant consumer demand and increased unemployment
Camp David Accords- President Carters peace treaty between Israel and Egypt that helped to achieve peace in the
Middle East in 1978; many Middle Eastern countries opposed this
Sunbelt- industrial region that developed in the South of California during WWII
Moral Majority- A movement that made ministers register new voters who supported the conservative candidates
Supply Side Economics- A economic theory that lowered taxes for individuals and corporations, which created higher
Mujahedeen- A person fighting for freedom; it consisted of Afghan opposition groups that rebelled against the pro-
Soviet Democratic of Afghanistan.
Iran-Contra Scandal-when the U.S. during Reagan’s administration agreed to send arms to Iran starting an arms
SDI- The Strategic Defensive Initiative was created my President Reagan to use ground and space-based systems to
protect the U.S. from attacks of nuclear ballistic missiles
Yuppie- A young urban professional, referring to a financially secure upper middle class person between the ages
twenty to thirty
Challenger- NASA’s second space shuttle orbiter to be in service; it survived nine mission, but blasted a part right
after killing the whole crew. This incident forced NASA to change the shuttles parts to single pieced parts, which
were meant for the Challenger Shuttle in the first place.
Rainbow Coalition- non-profit organization founded by Jesse Jackson; it pursues social justice, civil rights, and
Tiananmen Square-In 1989 a group of students and workers showed demonstrations about democracy, but later on
the government destroyed them in the Tiananmen Square
Downsizing- Laying off Employees in order to reduce the companies size
Silicon Valley- The time when San Francisco companies were making many silicon chips
Glasnost- A policy by the soviets that permitted discussion of
political and social problems
Perestroika- Russian word for political and economic reforms by
the Soviet leader Grobachev. It also means reconstruction. It was
argued to be the fall of communist political forces at the end of the
Stone Wall Riots- A Inn was raided by police officers because it
was for the gay community; and this was the start of the
homosexual activist movements to make the world accept
AARP-The American Association of Retired Persons, which was
created in 1985 opposing cuts in Social Security or Medicare for
senior citizens because they were influential in voting
“I'm speaking to you tonight to give you a report on the state of our Nation's
economy. I regret to say that we're in the worst economic mess since the Great
Depression. The Federal budget is out of control, and we face runaway deficits of
almost $80 billion for this budget year that ends September 30th. That deficit is
larger than the entire Federal budget in 1957, and so is the almost $80 billion we
will pay in interest this year on the national debt. Twenty years ago, in 1960, our
Federal Government payroll was less than $13 billion. Today it is 75 billion. During
these 20 years our population has only increased by 23.3 percent. The Federal
budget has gone up 528 percent. Today this once great industrial giant of ours has
the lowest rate of gain in productivity of virtually all the industrial nations with
whom we must compete in the world market. We can't even hold our own market
here in America against foreign automobiles, steel, and a number of other products.
Japanese production of automobiles is almost twice as great per worker as it is in
America. Japanese steelworkers out produce their American counterparts by about
25 percent. Now, we've just had 2 years of back-to-back double-digit inflation --
13.3 percent in 1979, 12.4 percent last year. The last time this happened was in
World War I. In 1960 mortgage interest rates averaged about 6 percent. They're
2\1/2\ times as high now, 15.4 percent. The percentage of your earnings the Federal
Government took in taxes in 1960 has almost doubled. And finally there are 7
million Americans caught up in the personal indignity and human tragedy of
unemployment. If they stood in a line, allowing 3 feet for each person, the line
would reach from the coast of Maine to California. We can leave our children with
an unrepayable massive debt and a shattered economy, or we can leave them
liberty in a land where every individual has the opportunity to be whatever God
intended us to be. All it takes is a little common sense and recognition of our own
ability. Together we can forge a new beginning for America.” -President Ronald
This speech discusses the economic crisis that the
world was in when President Reagan was in office. It
is described as a time just as worse as the Great
Depression. The purpose of the speech is to inform
the world of its economic standings at the time. The
speech reviews that the budgets are down and the
nation is in debt. As the population is increasing it is
harder to feed all those hands and productivity isn’t
holding up against foreign countries such as Japan.
Also Inflation has doubled causing taxes to increase
and the amount of jobless people has increased. If
the world is left with a huge debt, that debt is going
to passed down to the next generation and they will
struggle even more. The people must leave the next
generations not with this debt but liberty to be
whatever they want to be. America must start over
and begin fresh.
ForeignPolicy: Peace through strength,
relations with the Soviet Union, and a end to
the Cold War
Confronted the Supported Redeployment in Invasion of Grenada
USSR on 3 fronts: Gorbachev’s Lebanon, which 1983, posed a
1. Lower Soviet Glasnost, which finally came threat to the U.S.
access to high ended the Cold War February 26th U.S. was victorious,
technology and appointed Granada
diminish their a new government
2. Increase U.S.
3. Force Soviets to
ForeignPolicy: Sought to modify what
national security advisor Brzezinski called
the United States “ hysterical
preoccupations” with the containment of
communism in corporation the notion of
He recognized and He attempted to make
supported peace with the Middle
interdependence in third East by resolving the
world and condemned Israeli-Arab problem. He
right-wing dictatorships also invited the Soviets to
that were previously negotiate to.
backed by the U.S.
70’s Pop Culture:
Saturday Night Live
Brady Bunch ( 2 different family coming together, 3 boys and 3 girls)
Star Wars was a movie and a space program (good and evil)
Jaws was a movie ( afraid to go to the beaches)
Pet rock ( $4.00, name them and they didn’t have to care for them)
1st Earth day celebration
1971 Ads for Cigarettes banned
Mood Rings ( tells how you feel, without having to tell people)
College students cramming themselves in telephone booths ( to be goofy and
Shag Rugs ( got a rake with it so you could rake it and it will look fresh)
Micro-processers come into calculators
Personal Computer was invented in 1976 by Steven Jobs and Steven Wozinak
Walt Disney World opens in Orlando 1971
Life expectancy for a man is : 67 and for a women: 74
Richard Nixon is first president to go to China after their Communist Revolution,
proceeded by the ping pong team opening the doors of discussion
Major Events in the 70’s:
Munich Massacre- 1972, summer Olympics, Israeli wrestling team was
attacked and killed by Palestinians. During the rescue attempt all the
hostages were killed and all but three of the hostage takers. Israeli’s
hunted down the remainder and kills them. 11 athletes taken out of their
rooms at gun point as a response to the Palestinians hating the Israeli’s.
New Music Called Punk Rock- designed to insult all the glitzy rock and roll
Patty Hearst- kidnapped by a terrorist group, started to side with the
terrorists. Hence the Stockholm syndrome. She joined her captures with
bank robberies and she was arrested. When she got out she married a cop.
Love Canal- Niagra Falls, NY; an environmental disaster buried under a
suburban neighborhood made everyone sick and in a massive lawsuit the
government started a policy called the super fund, which holds polluters
accountable for their damage.
3 mile island- Southern Pennsylvania a nuclear reactor started to melt down
and was barely stopped before it exploded the entire land.
New Age Religion- Scientology Eastern religions, Christian; different
answers for religious questions; not bible based; self exploration
Disco Music- Dancing and instruments; its own dance beat; hated by many
people that they used to collect disco records and blow them up.
Boycott summer Olympic games: they are held in the soviet
union, we don’t go bc we are upset that they invaded Afghanistan
Hostage taking in Iran: u.s. embassy was taken over by a young
anti-american in protest of our taking of the shah of Iran for
Shah of Iran (our dictator): he was ruthless but he had a capital
government and we kept him in power in order to get money
Hostages held until the shah was sent back (held for 444 days)
We send covert teams in helicopter to rescue hostages and they
run into each other
Iran-Contra Scandal: our country took money designated to go to
fight Iran and sent it to the Contras in Nicaragua so they could
fight the Sandinistas (communists), done in an illegal manner
(congress approved money for iran, not Nicaragua). Oliver North
took full blame. Reagan earns nickname: Teflon President,
Invasion of panama: “Operation Just Cause”, we invaded panama because we considered their president
(Noriega) a drug lord and a criminal, invaded to topple his government and make a better one.
Grenada: we invaded to protect American lives on the island and to fight Communists trying to take over
the government; American medical students were there and we did not want them to get caught up in a
communist take over
Mt. St. Helens: erupts!!!!! In Washington State, killed 57 people. Equivalent to a blast 500 x stronger than
our WWII atomic bomb
Small Things that Changed America:
Gnarly, rad, dweeb, airhead, couch potato, like you know, grodey
Pete Rose got suspended (bet on his own team)
Kareem Abdul Jabar
Carol Louis (get his track gold medal taken away for steroids)
World Wide Web
Sandra Day O’Connor: first female Supreme
AT&T must break up: only one company,
government made them break up so there is
Period of Extreme Conservatism- nation is
tiered of saving the world and wants to
5.How did Christian Evangelists contribute
to the growth of conservative national
By having their own television networks that
reached out nationwide. Also they were
considered to be televangelists which led the
way to the Moral Majority where they could
register people to vote who supported
conservative candidates and issues. This helped
with the growing of conservative identity nation
wide because the ministers were branching out
and bringing people in with their television shows
and power to register voters for this cause.
Governmental If the Religious faith is
power should be government vitally important
divided into keeps track of in sustaining
different the economy society and that
branches and then it makes most social
split up between the economy issues are from
the state and less efficient issues of
federal levels to resulting in less morality and
limit its ability to wealth and more character
intrude on poverty
7. The impact of the migration patterns on the
representation in the U.S. House of
Representatives would be do to?
-As the population growing in the sunbelt
states the more representatives would have
to be located in the southern half of the
United States. More people moved south
because the taxes were low, but since more
and more people started to migrate to these
states the taxes would level out with the
northern states forcing the House of
Representatives to have higher tax and
4. What were some of the New innovations
of the space program in the 1980’s?
- Reusable Space shuttle
- Space Stations, where astronauts could live in
space for long periods of time to do research
5. Changes in Entertainment:
Cassette Video Cable and Call-in TV
tapes and Cassette Satellite TV shows were
walkmans recorders offered now offered,
made it where you
made music many more
possible to could call
portable view movies programs to into the show
at home view and be
people live on it
The U.S. and its Western allies finally
achieved victory in the Cold War by?
By cooperation with Gorbachev’s glasnost, or
openness, which spread to eastern Europe.
Glasnost made it possible to bulldoze the Berlin
wall down and unite East and West Germany. The
two sides were no longer split by the iron
curtain, but intertwined and at peace.
7. Which nations have large oil sources?
Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Saudi Arabia
Fords Policy and Ideas were focused on the nation’s interests. Before he
became president his ideas were focused on political civility and bi-
partnerships. He was very good at addressing these issues. He was
committed to start back up with a progressive route. He was an honest
person sharing what he thought about the War in Iraq. He stated that we
should never have fought it, because we have already lost. He also
focused that the nation needs to be of good health and not of poor.
He created an Ideas Primary, which discussed: Keeping America safe,
giving America the tools to compete, holding government accountable for
results, creating the hybrid energy economy, Making America the most
pro-family country on earth, and ending poverty for all who work. He
chose these because of Busch’s administration did a poor job in his eyes.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act: Required all Public schools
accepting federal funds to provide equal access education for children
with both mental and physical disabilities. The schools evaluated the
disabled children and created learning plans that were as close as they
could to what non-handicapped students were learning.
Whip Inflation Now: An attempt to achieve a grassroots movement to
destroy inflation.It encouraged people to save and not spend as much as
they usually do. People who supported this wore pins that said WIN on
United States Department of Education: A
cabinet level department of the U.S.
government. It consisted of the Department of
Education Organization Act, which divided the
Department of Health, Welfare, and Education
into the Department of Education and the
Department of Health and Human Services.
Energy Policy- he stated that it would be a moral
equivalent of war, but will be uniting efforts not
destroying them. In 1973 the lack of energy was
at its worst point in time. Focused on the issue
of running out of oil and gas to where we needed
to conserve it.
Reaganomics- Supply side economics focusing
on huge tax cuts, encouraging people to
become entrepreneurs to limit the growth of
social spending and reduce inflation. It had a
strong recovery and helped Reagan to win re-
Tax Cuts- affected the U.S by doubling the
federal revenue, income tax increased, and
the federal revenues only declined slowly
after that. The tax cuts did not necessarily
help, but in fact they drained the treasury.
-Drive in theatres -VCR’s to watch movies at home
-Focused on Equality -Focused on Social and Economic
-Hippie culture issues
-Religious movements -Conservative culture
-Blues -Space Program
-Jazz -Cable TV
-Violence -Call-in TV shows
-Start of Peace
Appleby, J., Brinkley, A., Broussard, A., McPherson, J., & Ritchie, D. (2005). The American Vision.
New York, NY. The McGraw- Hill
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