Humanitarian Intervention - DOC

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					                 Agenda: May 14, 2010
     Does the U.S. have a role in
humanitarian interventions in our times?
   Preliminaries:
          Quizzes returned
          Course Evaluation
   Day’s discussion topics:
       1. Comments on guest talk by J.H. Armstead
       2. Discussion of Earlier Humanitarian interventions from
          the 1970s
       3. Evaluation of Weiss: “If the Security Council is to
          enforce collective decisions, U.S. participation is, at
          present and for the foreseeable future, a sine qua non.”
          Discuss the extent to which the role of the U.S. in
           Afghanistan, 2001-2010, is legal under the U.N.
           Charter (Sec. Council Resolution 1373, Sept. 28,
           2001); and is a Humanitarian Intervention
              o Brief video “Veil of Tears” (#71)
          Discuss the extent to which the role of the U.S. in
           Iraq, 2003-2010, is a Humanitarian Intervention (Sec.
           Council Resolution 1441 (Nov. 8, 2002), and 1483 of
           May 22, 2003)
      Humanitarian and Human Rights dimensions
           of the situation in Afghanistan
Describe the setting of Afghanistan c. 2001. What were
the chief humanitarian and human rights issues?
What impact did the rise of the Taliban have on
     Refugees
     Development problems relating to basic human needs
     Rights of women
     Rights of minorities
What impact did the overthrow of the Taliban have on
     Refugees
     Development problems relating to basic human needs
     Rights of women
     Rights of minorities
Taliban-era (1996-2001) policies toward women:

      Secular law abandoned: shari’a law reshaped legal system.
      Health facilities were strictly segregated by gender. Male
       physicians were barred from treating female patients. This,
       in effect, denied access to health care for most women.
      Co-education was banned; women’s schools were closed.
      Women-owned businesses were forced to close.
      Women were barred from shopping unless accompanied by
       a male relative.
      The burqa was required of all women when in public.
      Agents of a new “Ministry for the Promotion of Virtue and
       Prevention of Vice” publicly would whip violators of these
       laws.
               Iraq: The Human Rights and
             Humanitarian Needs Balance Sheet

U.N. Sec. Council Resolution 1441 (Nov. 2, 2002) declared Iraq to be in
“material breach” of U.N. Sec. Council Resolution 687 ending the 1991 war,
citing WMD, missile production, failure to compensate Kuwait for looting
done in 1991, and other matters. Given this, what explains U.N. Sec.
General Kofi Annan (Sept. 14, 2004) statement that refers to the March
2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq as “contrary to the U.N. Charter” and “illegal”?

What were the human rights implications of leaving the Saddam regime in
power in Iraq? What have been the human rights implications of the
overthrow of the Saddam regime by the U.S. led coalition?
 Assessing Other “Humanitarian” Interventions: the 1970s

Describe India’s 1971 intervention in East Pakistan. What humanitarian
crises preceded it? How did India justify its intervention? How did the U.N.
respond when India intervened? Why was the U.N. unable to stop the
conflict by a cease fire?
Describe the circumstances surrounding Vietnam’s 1978 intervention in
Cambodia. What humanitarian crises preceded it? How did Vietnam justify
its intervention? Were international organizations better able to act in this
case? Why or why not?
Same question re: Tanzania’s intervention in Uganda to remove Idi Amin?
Were the ultimate effects created by any of these such that they advance
humanitarian objectives? How?

				
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