"DRAD 2230 � Construction Specifications"
DRAD 2230 – Construction Specifications MODULE 2 STUDY GUIDE FALL 2011 MODULE 3 – Study Guide THE PROJECT DELIVERY The project delivery can be outlined as follows: 1. SERVICES 2. FACTORS AFFECTING PROJECT DELIVERY 3. PROJECT DELIVERY METHODS AND SERVICES 4. THE PROJECT TEAM All projects require a _____________________________________, firms and companies that are responsible for completing the design and construction of a project. The project team may be large or small, depending on the project size and complexity. Project delivery is the ________________________________________________ between the owner, architect / engineer (A/E), contractor(s) and the management services utilized to design and construct a project. Project delivery moves a project from a ________________________ to a completed _______________________. Project delivery methods include: ___________________________________________________ Design - Negotiate-Build Construction Management ___________________________________________________ Owner – Build Each delivery method can have variations in types of contract payments such as: _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Each delivery method can have variations in the type and number of contracts such as: _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Page 1 of 7 DRAD 2230 – Construction Specifications MODULE 2 STUDY GUIDE FALL 2011 Competitive market forces compel most owners to select a project delivery method that will achieve a balance between the factors of project: _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ 1. SERVICES Each project will require unique services to develop a design and to construct the project into the completed facility. These services are basically variations of design and construction services. These services usually include: _____________________________________________________________ which may include but is not limited to: a. Studies b. Surveys c. Master planning d. Programming e. Complete design 1). Schematic Design 2). Design Development 3). Construction Documents. _____________________________________________________________which may include but is not limited to: a. Estimating b. Scheduling c. Contracting d. Construction e. Management services f. Project Management (CMa and CMc) Contracting services are usually __________________ OR ____________________________________ and involve the construction of a design in accordance with the contract documents prepared by the A/E. Page 2 of 7 DRAD 2230 – Construction Specifications MODULE 2 STUDY GUIDE FALL 2011 2. FACTORS AFFECTING PROJECT DELIVERY The primary factors of __________________________, _______________________ (schedule) and ____________ (budget) will establish the quality of a project and its component parts. EXTENT FACTOR The magnitude, form function and complexity of a project will have a direct bearing on the _________________________________________ method and the number and role of the participants. Simple jobs – fewer services. Complex jobs – many different services. TIME FACTOR Usually expressed in number of days (calendar days). Defined in the conditions of the contract. Completion means substantial completion. The time required for project completion is dependent upon the efficiencies utilized to sequence and schedule the work. ____________________________________________ – perform work, one portion prior to another. _____________________________________________ – estimating time frames and dates for activities. This is a master schedule that includes a variety of participants and their involvement in the project. _____________________________________________ may include but is not limited to: a. Program development (Owner’s requirements) b. Site acquisition c. Separate contracts for remedial measures such as hazardous materials removal d. Different design phases e. Construction ________________________________usually used in conjunction with a CM project delivery method, separating work into multiple contracts based on project scheduling to ensure project completion in a condensed period of time. Fast track overlaps activities to permit portions of construction to start prior to completion of the overall design. Design and construction may occur concurrently. Page 3 of 7 DRAD 2230 – Construction Specifications MODULE 2 STUDY GUIDE FALL 2011 Fast track documents include: a. Permits b. Demolition c. Site preparation d. Foundations e. Long lead time items ( elevators, escalators, boilers) f. Structural systems g. Mechanical systems h. Electrical systems i. Exterior envelope systems j. Interior finishes k. Landscaping l. General Construction COST FACTOR A number of different methods are used for determining and stating amounts of ________________ OR ________________________________ within agreements. When a contract is bid or negotiated, the basis of payment that will be used in the contract is clearly stated in the RFP (Request For Proposal) or ___________________________________________________. When the contract is executed, the bid or negotiated basis of payment is included in the contract. ___________________________________ (also known as a lump sum) including the cost of the work and the contractor’s overhead and profit. _____________________________A price can be stipulated or quoted by a bidder or proposer for a single, specified unit of work. Unit prices are useful where the type of work is defined, but the extent of the work is not known or is likely to change. Unit prices are also utilized when quantity allowances are specified, providing a means of adjusting the contract sum once the full extent of the work becomes known. ________________________________ (Cost plus overhead and profit) - Cost of the actual direct expense of construction work plus a fee for overhead and profit usually based on partially completed construction documents for a defined scope of work. The fee can be fixed, a percentage of the actual direct cost, or some other arrangement. ________________________________ (GMP = Guaranteed Maximum Price) - The prospective contractor’s price includes the cost of the work as defined in the procurement documents and the prospective contractor’s fee for administering construction, including overhead and profit. The contractor’s fee can be stated as a stipulated sum (fixed fee) or as a percentage of the cost of the work. The cost of the work combined with the contractor’s fee can be established as the GMP. Penalties, Bonuses and Incentives (Contract Clauses). Page 4 of 7 DRAD 2230 – Construction Specifications MODULE 2 STUDY GUIDE FALL 2011 _________________________________________: Amount per day deducted from monies due the contractor for failure to substantially complete the work within the stipulated time. Note: There must be a bonus clause for early completion if incorporating Liquidated Damages clause (according to law). NUMBER OF CONTRACTS The ____________________________________________ for a project are necessitated by the project delivery method. As the project delivery method is determined, the fundamental decision to be made is whether to use a single-prime contract or multiple-prime contracts. __________________________________ is a term that implies a direct contract with the owner as opposed to subcontracts that a contractor may issue. In many cases the scope of multi-prime contracts may be similar to subcontracts and on occasion are referred to as _______________________________________________. ________________________________________is a term that implies a direct contract with the owner as opposed to subcontracts that a contractor may issue. _____________________________________ Several organizations have standard agreement forms that are compatible with their respective contract conditions and are tailored to specific types of project delivery and basis of payment. The _________________________________ is the written document signed by each party and is the legal instrument binding the parties to the contract. The agreement defines the relationships and obligations existing between the parties. By reference, the agreement includes all other contract documents, such as the drawings and specifications. __________________________________________ A common form of construction contracting involves a single contract. The selected contractor and the owner enter into an agreement formalizing their relationship and their obligations. The contractor then constructs the project in accordance with the contract documents. Typically, the contractor will have a portion or perhaps a majority of the work performed by subcontractors. ___________________________________________________: In a multiple-prime construction project, the work is divided among several contractors, and each enters into a separate contract with the owner. Page 5 of 7 DRAD 2230 – Construction Specifications MODULE 2 STUDY GUIDE FALL 2011 3. PROJECT DELIVERY METHODS AND SERVICES __________________________________________The traditional method of moving a project from conception to completion. It is a linear sequence of activities generally occurring in the following order: project conception, design (including schematic and design development) construction documents, competitive bidding, and then construction. The basis of this delivery method is that design is completed prior to bidding/pricing and construction. _______________________________________________________If only one contractor is involved in developing the costs and negotiating a contract to construct a project, the process is referred to as design-negotiate-build. Although the design negotiate build is similar to design-bid-build, it is a more informal process and may not include specific procurement requirements or specific rules of engagement. _________________________________________________________is the process of professional management applied to a construction project from conception to completion for controlling project time, cost, and extent. Construction management involves a construction manager who can serve as an adviser _____________ or perform construction as a contractor ______________. In acting as ________________ (as agent), the construction manager provides all of the construction contract administration services typically provided by the owner and may provide many of the construction contract administration services typically provided by the A/E. The construction manager as ______________________________________ is engaged to provide construction In the _________________________________________________ delivery method, the owner contracts with a single entity for the complete design and construction of a project. The design-builder may consist of one or more firms associated in a variety of ways. Regardless of its composition, the design-builder provides complete design service and performs the construction under a single contract with the owner. ______________________________________________The owner is involved in aspects of contracting for every portion of a construction project. Because the owner acts similarly to a contractor, the construction contracts are between the owner and the specialty contractors (subcontractors). Page 6 of 7 DRAD 2230 – Construction Specifications MODULE 2 STUDY GUIDE FALL 2011 Extra Credit Explain, in your own words, the following(worth .5 points each). AGREEMENT: CONTINGENCY ALLOWANCE: GUARANREED MAXIMUM PRICE (GMP): LIQUIDATED DAMAGES: ESSAY (3 points): Explain the Project Delivery and the importance of the Project Delivery in the Project Life cycle: Page 7 of 7