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Chapter 6 Religion and Philosophy

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					Chapter 6 RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY


   Lesson Outcome
   • Identify the features of different religions and philosophies
   • Describe the impact of these religions and philosophies on societies
   Essential Understanding
   • Religions and Philosophies define cultures
   • Culture impacts societies by nurturing an identity
   Essential Question
   How are the different religions and philosophies relevant to today’s
   societies?
What is a religion?
A religion is the belief in and worship of a
god or gods.
What is a philosophy?
A philosophy is a way of thinking about
life that guides a person’s actions and
behaviour.
“I think, therefore I am.”
  “Give a person a fish and he feeds for a day. Teach
    him to fish and he might feed for a lifetime”.


 I will instruct you and teach you in the way you
 should go, I will counsel you and watch over you.
                                                  -
 Psalm 32:8
Religion in India - Hinduism
                          HINDU GODS

                             Brahma -
 Indra - God of             the Creator            Shiva - the
    thunder                                        Destroyer


                  Early                    Late
                                          Aryan
                  Aryan
                                          Gods
                  Gods


  Agni - God of           Surya - Sun         Vishnu - the
      Fire                   God               Preserver
Religion in India - Hinduism


         Reincarnation         Yoga & Meditation

 Non - violence                        Festivals
                       Some
                     Features of
Temple Worship
                     Hinduism        Pilgrimage


                   Sacred Bathing
Religion in India - Hinduism
     Impact of Hinduism
    Over 80% of the        Reincarnation and
     people in India       the Caste System
    are Hindus ~ 850
         million

     Affects almost
     every aspect of
      Indian culture
Religion in India - Buddhism
 founded by
  Gautama                       questioned
 Siddharta,                    ‘suffering in
    born                           life’
   563BC




                                 began as a
    was                          philosophy
enlightened                       and later
and became                       developed
                               into a religion
the Buddha
Religion in India - Buddhism

   The Four Noble Truths
   • Life is full of suffering
   • Huamn beings suffer because they desire pleasure,
   wealth & fame
   • Huamn beings can stop their suffering if they stop
   desiring these things
   • The way to stop these desires is to follow the Eightfold
   Path
Religion in India - Buddhism
                         right
                       thought     right
      right
                                  speech
  understanding


   right                             right
 meditation                         action


       right                        right
    mindfulness         right    livelihood
                        effort
Religion in India - Buddhism

            Impact of Buddhism
       influenced
                                spread to
     several Hindu
                               many parts of
          kings     Southeast
   affected the way  Asia and
   the country was               became
                                important
         ruled
Religion in China - Confucianism

                             taught codes of
                                conduct for
      founded by              living in peace
       Confucius               and harmony
  teachings found           teachings -proper
     in the Six              social behaviour,
  Classics and the          others before self
      Analects                and filial piety
Religion in China - Confucianism

      “Let the ruler be a ruler,
     the minister be a minister,
       the father be a father,
       and the son be a son”.
Singapore Shared
Values
                    Resolving major
 Placing society     issues through
   above self           consensus
                        instead of
   Upholding           contention
 family as the
 basic building     Stressing racial &
block of society   religious tolerance
                      and harmony
Religion in China - Confucianism

  Impact of                      became
  Confucianism                    state
      made little              ideology in
       impact                      Han
       initially                 dynasty

                               values still
      banned in             respected today
     Qin dynasty
Religion in China - Taoism

  Taoism                     teachings found
     founder - not                  in
        certain                Dao De Jing

   main teaching -
      peace and                 began as a
     harmony will             philosophy but
   prevail if people         later developed
    follow the Tao            into a religion
      Religion in China
   People in ancient China:

worshipped          believed
 ancestors          in spirits
  adopted
Buddhist and       included
   Taoist        teachings of
  practices      Confucianism
  Unique         Practical side of
approach to        the Chinese
  religion           people
Worshipped       Accepted religion as
ancestors in        a philosophical
  heaven         teaching or doctrine
                    full of wisdom
No single all-   Personal fulfillment
powerful god     in this life on earth
 of creation
Religion in Southeast Asia- Hinduism

  Hinduism
  • came in 1st century AD
  • brought by Indian traders
  • adopted by kings and nobles
  • evidence - Prambanan Temple & Angkor
  Wat
Religion in Southeast Asia- Hinduism
Religion in Southeast Asia- Buddhism

  Buddhism
  • came around AD 300
  • brought by Chinese, Indian traders & Buddhist
  missionaries
  • evidence - Ananda Temple & the Borobodur
  • Palembang was a centre for Buddhist learning
Religion in Southeast Asia- Buddhism
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam


   ISLAM

   • founded by Prophet Muhammad
   • came in 11th century AD
   • brought by Muslim traders
   • adopted by rulers
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam

          Allah is the only God,
          Prophet Muhammad is
              his messenger
      pray 5 times a                give
     day facing Mecca               alms
        fast
       during           go on a pilgrimage
      Ramadan                to Mecca
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam
Religion in Southeast Asia- Islam

                Impact of Islam

      Today many              Indonesia has
      countries in              the world’s
       the region             largest Muslim
      have large               population ~
         Muslim                 200 million
      populations

				
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posted:9/1/2012
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