Science, Technology, and Pseudoscience by c6B6I2

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									Science and Technology?
Issues in Science and Technology
Agenda
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• Science vs. Psuedoscience
AOL Releases Search
Terms
• Database of search terms entered
  by users
• 650,000 users
• ID number instead of names
• Easily identifiable
• Removed, but copied
What is Pseudoscience?
• “Pseudo” = artificial
• Attempts to gain legitimacy by
  imitating scientific methods
• Start with answer
  – Find data to support
  – Ignore conflicting evidence
Example
• Ivory soap - "99.44/100% Pure: It
  Floats“
• Mixture is unidentified – what’s
  “pure”?
• What does “floating” have to due
  with purity?
  – Air bubbles mixed in – therefore impure
  – A boat floats, is it “pure”?
Criteria for Determining
Pseudoscience
• Is anecdotal evidence cited?
  – Individual stories, testimonies
  – Testimonial statements not FTC regulated
• Does the claim fit with existing
  knowledge?
• What kind of reasoning has been used?
  – Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
  – “After this, therefore because of this”

                     Baloney Detection Collection
Criteria for Determining
Pseudoscience
• Is it possible to test the claim?
  – Elimination of plausible influences
• Are sources cited?
  – Unbiased
  – Credible
• If sampled, how was the sample
  obtained?
                  Baloney Detection Collection
Criteria for Determining
Pseudoscience
• Is “conspiracy theory” used to
  support claims?
  – Doctors
  – The government
  – Big corporations



                 Baloney Detection Collection
Criteria
•   Anecdotal evidence?
•   Fit with existing knowledge?
•   Reasoning?
•   Possible to test?
•   Sources cited?
•   How was the sample obtained?
•   Conspiracy theory?
Examples
• Q-Link
• All Energy Center
Intelligent Design
• Organic life is so complicated that an
  external “Designer” must be
  accepted
• Theory of Evolution is flawed
• Conspiracy of “Secular Humanism”
• Discovery Institute
Intelligent Design
• Begins with a conclusion
• Conspiracy – “Teach the Debate!”
  – No real debate
• “Wedge” memo
• Dover PA. School Board
  – “Creationism in Sheep’s Clothing”
Kansas Science Standards

• Science no longer limited to the
  investigation of natural phenomenon
• Theory of evolution taught as
  “controversial”
Georgia Textbook Sticker

This textbook contains material on
 evolution. Evolution is a theory, not a
 fact, regarding the origin of living
 things. This material should be
 approached with an open mind,
 studied carefully and critically
 considered."
For Tues.
• Question of the Week
• View assigned websites - Skepticism

								
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