Theatre History Midterm Greek Theatre (worth 120 points) by HC120831233826


									Theatre History Midterm Greek Theatre   (worth 120 points)

Dear Student

This test is divided into sections; Medea Questions, Lysistrata
Questions, General Questions about Greek theatre, two sets of matching
questions and finally a series of essay questions. You are required to
complete 5 essay questions. However, you may complete more for extra

Each multiple choice or true/false question is worth two points. One
question asks for more than one answer, so each answer is a point each.

Matching questions are worth 5 points each

Essay questions are worth 10 points each. However, because I am
offering extra credit, Etudes will show them as being worth 5 points
each. They are worth 10 and the full credit will be given when I
correct the work.

I reserve the right to give more than 10 points for exceptional work. I
also reserve the right to give 0 points for inferior work or for work
that is simply copied without your personal input. These essays are not
formal, you are telling me what you know and or think about a given
topic. Have fun with them and they will be easy.

Some questions are harder than others, but to make the system work I
needed to give them all the same 5-point value. If you attempt harder
questions, I will be easier than I would be on easier questions that we
have covered in class. So you are encouraged to take risks, choose
thoughtful questions and start writing about something you don't know
much about. By the time you finish, you will know more.

You have no time limits, except the due date. You are allowed multiple
retakes. This will allow you to get the highest possible score on your
multiple-choice questions. Unfortunately, it will not help you with
your essays as the computer does not grade them, I do.

You are free to use books, notes and internet searches, but all of your
work must be in your own words and if you use sources, please site
them. It does not have to be in MLA or APA format, but just site your
sources. Please work alone and do not colaborate with others on this

Any questions    regarding the exam can be emailed to me. If it is very
general, such    as you do not understand a question, post it on the
message board    because other people will probably have the same
question. You    can also ask in class on Monday.

Good luck to you all.

Part 1 of 5 Medea      (worth 20 points)

1. Medea is about a Greek woman who is unfairly treated by the Gods
True or False

2. Jason immediately became King after he married Creon's daughter.
True or False

3. By Creon's orders, Medea is sentenced to
      A.    Death
      B.    Banishment from Cornith
      C.    Banishment from Greece
      D.    Giving up her two children to Jason and his new wife

4. In the play Medea, Aegeus offers Medea
       A.     one day more in the city
       B.     help with taking revenge on Jason
       C.     a promise of safe refuge
       D.     to take the children with him to his palace.

5. The action in Medea takes place over a longer time period than most
Greek tragedies covering two days. True or False

6. The play Medea ends with Medea
      A.    being chased out of the city by an angry mob
      B.    escaping in a chariot drawn by dragons
      C.    making a final violent attempt on Jason's life
      D.    escaping to Thebes

7. As a consequence of Medea's plan
      A.    Creon and his daughter dies
      B.    Jason dies
      C.    the Messenger is killed
      D.    Aegus and his daughter die
      E.    Jason's daughters die
8.Medea plans on taking revenge on Jason by (choose all that apply, more
than one answer is possible)
      A.    Poisoning the food at the banquet
      B.    Killing the bride with a poisoned robe or gown
      C.    killing Jason's sons
      D.    casting an evil spell on Jason's bride
      E.    leaving the city with Jason's sons and living in Thebes.

9. Euripides is most often criticised as a dramatist for
      A.     Supporting the male point of view in every play
      B.     Making fun of people who are not Athenian
      C.     Writing a play about a foreigner
      D.     using deus ex machina (God of the machine) to provide
      improbable conclusions to his plays
      E.     Writing a play about a woman

10. Medea reveals how she will take revenge on Jason to the chorus (and
the audience) immediately following the scene between Medea and..
      A.    Creon
      B.    Jason
      C.    her children
      D.    Aegeus
      E.    the messenger



11. How does Lysistrata propose the women will be able to make the men
declare peace?
      A.    The women will refuse to cook until war ends
      B.    Abstinence for a month
      C.    Abstinence until peace is declared
      D.    By killing their children

12. A chorus of young women take over the Akropolis. True or False

13. When Myrrhine's husband arrives, she torments him by
     A.   doing a striptease
      B.    making out like she is going to have sex with him but doesn't
      C.    hiding in the Acropolis and refuses to come out
      D.    talking in a very high voice

14. When the women make their oath, they decided to make a sacrifice.
What do they sacrifice?
     A.    A bull
     B.    A sheep
     C.    A white horse
     D.    A big jug of wine

15. Who is from Sparta?
     A.      Kinesias
     B.      Kalonike
     C.      Myrrhine
     D.      Lampito
     E.      Lysistrata

16. Who is Lysistrata's neighbor?
     A.     Kinesias
     B.     Kalonike
     C.     Lampito
     D.     Myrrhine
     E.     Antigone

17. Who's the man?
     A.     Kinesias
     B.     Kalonike
     C.     Myrrhine
     D.     Lampito
     E.     Ismenia

18. Why does Lysistrata bring out "Reconciliation"?(or in some editions of
the play "Peace")
       A.   She gives "Reconciliation" to the Spartan ambassador
       B.   "Reconciliation" tells the men why they should agree to peace.
       C.   "Reconciliation" shows the men how to divide up Greece in
fair and equal parts
       D.   "Reconciliation" creates greater urgency in the men to agree
to peace.
Check to review before finishing (will be flagged in Table of Contents)
19. The differences between the way Lysistrata and Lampito speak betray
      A.     Spartan attitudes toward Thebes. Thebians are dim wits.
      B.     Athenian attitudes toward Sparta. Athenians are elegant and
have sharp wits. Spartans are not very bright and a bit crude.
      C.     the positive relationships between women in Athens and
Sparta, they are both very intelligent.
      D.     all the women speak the same which highlights how
Aristophanes felt all women were equal and should be respected despite
being from different states.
      E.     Spartan superiority over Athens, foreshadowing the eventual
Athenian defeat of Sparta.

20. Speaking with the Commissioner, Lysistrata compares the Athenian
master plan with
      A.    cleaning smelly socks
      B.    spinning wool
      C.    bad sex
      D.    washing the dishes
      E.    keeping an eye on young children

Part 3 of 5 General Questions about Greek Theatre     (worth 20 points)

21. Orchestra comes from the Greek and means the
      A.    Hearing place
      B.    Music place
      C.    Dancing place
      D.    Seeing place

22. Which god or goddess is most closely associated with Greek Drama.

      A.    Dionysus
      B.    Athena
      C.    Zeus
      D.    Oedipus

23. Who is commonly credited with being the first tragedy writer who
changed the form by stepping out of the chorus and taking a solo part.
With this act, he is also credited with being the first actor in Western
      A.     Thespis
      B.     Socrates
      C.     Homer
      D.     Aristotle

24. An Ode is a dignified three part song sung by the protagonist in Greek
drama. True or false.

25. Dithyramb is
       A.    an Ancient Greek choral hymn sung and danced to honor
       B.    the playwright's choice of words or the match between
       language and subject matter.
       C.    a Greek God
       D.    Aristotle's word for plot

26. The parts of an Ode include all of the following EXCEPT
      A.    Strophe
      B.    Antistrophe
      C.    Interlude
      D.    Epode

27. The skene in Greek Theatre was
       A.    the "speaker" or the narrator in Greek plays
       B.    the "Seat" or the place for the audience
       C.     the building directly behind the stage used to raise characters
and provided a place for actors to get changed and provided a background
that often represented a palace or home.
       D.    the place where the actors danced

28. Theatron means
      A.    the seeing place
      B.    the sitting place
          C.      the actor's place
          D.      the listening place

29. What happens to Oedipus at the end of the play Oedipus?
     A.    he blinds himself
     B.    he is no longer king
     C.    his wife kills herself
     D.    he asks Kreon to care for his children
     E.    All of the above
     F.    Only A, B and D

30. What is mechane?
     A.     The Greek word for imitation. Aristotle believe this gave
     people pleasure
     B.     A Greek treat, often served with olives and served at the
     C.     What the masks were made from.
     D.     The Greek for machine. Cranes were used back stage to lift
     actors who often represented Gods, hence he expression deus ex

31. Make a match - Match Aristotle's Six Elements with their definitions
      Match                                             Choice
1.        Everything you can see on stage                A.    Plot
2.        The most important of Aristotle's
          six elements                                   B. Music
3.        the agent for the action,                      C. Character
4.        everything you can hear on stage               D. Spectacle
5.        the selection of words and the order
          they are put in                                E. Diction
     6.        the universal truth that
      we can learn from the play                        F. Thought or

32. Match the lettered area of the Theatre Epidaurus with the appropriate
      Theatron, Parados, Mechane, Skene, Paraskene, Orchestra

A.                         B.
C.                         D.
E.                         F. ________ is not shown in this picture
Part 5 of 5      Short answer/essay         (worth 50 points)

You must answer five of the following questions.
You are encouraged to answer more than 5 for extra

I reserve the right to award more than 10 points for
exceptional work and to give 0's to work of poor

Some questions are harder than others, and that will be
considered when I grade work.
You are allowed to used resources such as your book,
notes and Internet searches, however put responses in
your own words and site any sources. It does not have
to be in MLA or APA format.

You can write your essays in Word and paste in your
work. If you do, you must use the Paste from Word
button, otherwise your work will be filled with HTML
code and I will not be able to read it. This button has
a little clipboard with a blue W (like the symbol for
MS Work. Alternatively, you can save the work as a text
file and paste from that document.

Good Luck.

33. According to Aristotle, a tragic hero should

   * be of noble birth
   * be initially neither more good or evil than normal people
   * meet their fate due to some "tragic flaw" which is usually an error in
   * have a common tragic flaw, usually "hubris" or excessive pride, which
leads to their downfall
   * make a discovery or "learn a lesson" usually as a result of their
downfall (Creon in Antigone for example)
   * face a turn in fortune
   * face an inescapable fate (Oedipus with the oracle)
   * A final quality is that through watching the tragic hero, the audience
should experience catharsis. They pity the hero and they fear facing a
similar fate. Through watching the tragedy, the audience learns a lesson
and fear and pity is purged, resulting in a cathartic experience.

Aristotle considered Oedipus a perfect example of a tragic hero. Using
Aristotle's qualities of a tragic hero, identify who is the tragic hero of Medea
and why. Or you may wish to argue there is no tragic hero is Medea and
you will explain why. You will not be docked for your opinion but you will
lose point for not fully explaining and supporting your answer.

34. Imagine you are a Cornith lawyer you have a choice of representing
Medea or Jason in a court battle after the events of the play have
happened. To help you decide, summarize Medea's argument against
Jason below and attempt to justify why she did what she did. Then
summarize Jason's argument.
Chose who you think has he best case. Which case would you choose and

Briefly write out both sides of the case and summarize at the end who has
the strongest case and who you will represent and why? (You wish to not
chose the one with the strongest case, it is up to you)

Questions to consider: Was Medea driven to do what she did? Or do her
actions outweigh any harm that Jason may have caused? Is the love of a
child more sacred than the vows between husband and wife? Was Medea
poorly treated because she was a woman? A foreigner? Because she was
getting a little old? Explore and discuss.

35. Describe in detail a whole production cycle for the City Dionysus from
the end of the previous year's festival to about two weeks after the festival
you are planning. Include:

Who and what will be performed on each of the five days

How the plays will be selected

Explain aspects of the rehearsal process for the tragedies or the comedies

36. From the essay "Women's Parts Played by Men in the Roman Theatre"
by Goethe and "The Legacy of Goethe's Mimetic Stance" summarize some
of arguments in support of "Goethe's basic premise-that in performance
men make better women" Include Goethe's arguments but also include
some other arguments from Cocteau and Jarry provided in the second

Do you believe Goethe's argument has some validity in the theatre? Why
or why not?

Lesley Ferris argues that this is an enduring example of women hating in
the theatre. Do you agree with this? Why or why not?

37. You are on vacation with a friend in Greece visiting Ancient Greek
Theatres. Your friend notices these seats in the front row that are different
from the rest of the seats in the theatre. Write below everything you could
tell your friend about these seats and why they are different.
38. You get a summer job at a museum. A tourist comes to you and asks
you to explain something about this image. Based on your theatre history
knowledge, write down all the things you could tell them. What kind of
actor are they (Tragic, Comic) and what clues are there to indicate this?
What role might they have had in the play? Tell them about his costume
and what it means. Try to give as much detail as you can.
39. Discuss the comic elements in Lysistrata. What situations and
relationships are inherently comic and why?

40. Using Lysistrata as a model, discuss the potential benefits and
liabilities of using comedy for an antiwar play.

41. Explain aspects of stage design (scenic, costume, sound, lights) in
Ancient Greece including Pinakes, Periakotoi, Ekkyklema and Mechane;
the use of the skene and orchestra; light and sound, and any other aspects
that helped with the design aspects of the production. (You may attach
drawings to show your understanding and better illustrate your
explanation. Remember, you are free to Google and do research for
answering the question but please answer in your own words.

42. Describe and discuss the Ancient Greek's treatment of violent and
aggressive acts in plays and on stage. Provide examples from at least
three plays. Does the portrayal of violence differ in tragedy and comedy?
How is violence presented on stage? (Though action, text, symbols,
special effects) Are the Greek methods still relevant for theatre productions
today? How would you stage these acts to a modern audience? Same?
Different? Discuss

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