ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SANITATION UNIT by kjarFd

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									 Ministry of Local                       Environmental Health
Government & Rural                                 &
   Development                           Sanitation Directorate
                     REPUBLIC OF GHANA




       WASH STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP

    HUMAN RESOURCES GAPS STUDY IN THE
              WASH SECTOR
             28TH JUNE, 2012
           ERATA HOTEL, ACCRA
    OUTLINE
   Introduction
   Basic Training (SOH)
   Staff & Student Population
   Post Basic Training
   Current Staff Strength
   In-service Training (Workshops,
    Seminars)
   Challenges
   Way Forward
    TRAINING INSTITUTIONS

   3 SOH – Accra, Ho & Tamale
   To train EHO/As to perform duties relating to
    Environmental Health in MMDAs and for Private
    sector.
   Understand basic principles of sanitation and
    apply them in their routine work.
   Detect nuisances and call for abatement
   Educate communities and promote health
  BASIC TRAINING (CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA)
Technical skills
 supervise the collection and disposal of wastes (solid, liquid
  industrial, clinical and other hazardous wastes)
 supervise the construction, operation and maintenance of
  simple sanitation facilities
 Analyse public health consequence of various human
  activities to ensure sound judgement during inspection
 identify unwholesome food and meat and the requirements

  for achieving food and meat hygiene
 give expert advice on environmental health and management
  issues in MMDAs
  BASIC TRAINING (CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA)

Social Marketing and Community Mobilisation Skills
 effectively mobilise communities to fully participate
  environmental sanitation development projects
 ensure the effectiveness of environmental sanitation

  education programmes in bringing about behavioural
  change

Analytical and Logical Thinking Skills
 appreciate the relevance of environmental and public

  health legislation and enforcement
 interpret and apply environmental legislation
  BASIC TRAINING (CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA)

Planning and Budgeting skills
 ensure proper planning of environmental services within the

   limits of available funds
Administrative and Managerial skills
 maintain an efficient management information system

 organise available human and other resources to pursue plans

Effective Communication and Lobbying Skills
 defend Action Plans and demand appropriate funds for
   environmental health and management services;
 manage and penetrate political influence and interference to
   achieve results
                 STAFFING (Schools)
CATEGORY             NO. AT       NO.      GAP
                     POST         NEEDED


ACCRA (1953)            14 (8)       14          -



HO (1975)               10 (9)       11          1



TAMALE (1952/1964)     10 (2/8)      15          5
           STUDENT POPULATION
SCHOOL   1ST YEAR   2ND YEAR   3RD YEAR   TOTAL



ACCRA       16          41        34       91

HO          93          91         -       184

TAMALE      100        120         -       220

TOTAL       209        242        34       495
    POST BASIC TRAINING
   70’s few higher courses for Environmental Health
    Officers in Ghana.
   Food and Meat Hygiene (Great Britain) - 4
   Tutors course in Ibadan university (Nigeria) - 10
   Community Health and Tropical Medicine – (Sierra
    Leone)
   Those who managed to gain admission to other
    universities outside the country had problems with
    sponsorship.
      POST BASIC TRAINING
   1985 with the support of the WHO in collaboration
    with the MoH and KNUST, the Environmental
    Health Technology (Diploma) course was
    introduced.
   Unfortunately, When the WHO withdrew their
    sponsorship in 1995 the programme ‘died’ out.
   This programme was to train middle level Officers
    to bridge the gap between the Public Health
    Engineer and the Environmental Health Officer.
      POST BASIC TRAINING
   Due to the inadequacy of Public Health Engineers the
    Environmental Health Technologist was to head the
    Waste Management Departments (Environmental
    Sanitation Policy).
   1989 - UCC introduced the Health Science Education
    (Diploma) programme (in place of the Ibadan
    programme) to train tutors for the Schools of Hygiene
    locally.
   Those who had the EHT from KNUST offered the one
    year PGCE (Health Science).
   Currently, the BEd. Health Science Education is in
    progress.
   UG
BSc. Public Health
BSc. Environmental Science
BSc. Nutrition
MSc. Public Health
MSc. Environmental Science
   UCC

Water & Sanitation (Diploma/Degree)


BEd. Health Sciences

BSc/MSc/Mphil Environmental Science

MA Environmental Management & Policy
  KNUST

BSc./ MSc. /MPhil Environmental Science


MSc. Health Promotion
  UDS
BSc. Nutrition


BSc. Environmental Science & Biology


MSc. Community Health & Development
    UEW (Mampong Campus)


Environmental Health & Sanitation Education


Sandwich/Full Time


Diploma/Degree
  PUC (Akropong Campus)


Environment & Natural Resource
Management
  Catholic University College


BSc. Public Health


Full Time/Weekend
  ILGS


Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental
Management (8 Modules)


MA Environmental Science & Policy
(Weekend)
  GIMPA


Post Graduate CUM
Occupational Health & Safety – Certificate, Diploma
and Post Diploma
   STAFF SITUATION
            CATEGORY                 TOTAL
Public Health Engineers                   6
Environmental Health Technologists       53
Environmental Health Officers           510
Environmental Health Assistants        2,553
TOTAL                                  3,122
     INSERVICE TRAINING
     (WORKSHOPS/SEMINARS)

   Environmental Health Inspections
   Health Promotion
   Environmental Health Prosecutions
   Management of Landfills in Ghana
   Management of Veterinary and Bio-medical waste
   Provision, Operation and Maintenance of Public
    Toilets
   Monitoring of Environmental Sanitation Services
    in Ghana
    Tailor Made Courses

   EHO - jack of all trade and master of none
   Post Basic training should address competency gaps
    and specialisation identified in the Environmental
    Sanitation Policy
   Solid Waste Management including Hazardous Waste
   Municipal Wastewater Management
   Environmental Sanitation Education
    (Classroom/Community education)
   Public Health Law
   Food Hygiene/Meat Inspection
    Tailor Made Courses
   Rodent and Vector Control
   International Health/Port Health
   Disaster Management
   Industrial Hygiene
   Occupational Health
   Monitoring & Evaluation
        Challenges
   The key challenge in the area of capacity
    development (human resource) relate to
    inadequate professional manpower
     (engineers, planners and administrators, for
    planning, management, policy formulation and
    research)
REVIEW OF SCHEME OF SERVICE
       Attract talents into the Environmental Health
        and Sanitation Class
     RECRUITMENT/SALARY
   Engineers - forty (40)
    Environmental Health Officers – 81
   Environmental Health Assistants - 706
   Waiting for financial clearance to commence
    the recruitment and posting process.
   Salaries lower than other health
    counterparts
   THE WAY FORWARD
WAHO
 Harmonising curricular of environmental
  health within the ECOWAS community
  both Francophone and Anglophone.
 Upgrade Schools of Hygiene to tertiary

  institutions to offer BSc. and HND in
  Environmental Health
 Admission requirements of SOH reviewed
      THE WAY FORWARD
   The Allied Health Science Professional bill
    in which Env. Health is included is at the
    draft stage.
   Establishment of West African College of
    Allied Health Science.
Thank You for
  Listening

								
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