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CHAPTER 32 A CRISIS IN CONFIDENCE_ 1969-1980

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CHAPTER 32 A CRISIS IN CONFIDENCE_ 1969-1980 Powered By Docstoc
					   Nixon in Power
• Apparent success in first term
• Triumphs in foreign affairs
• Nixon cuts himself off from Congress,
  his own cabinet, and the nation
     Ending the Vietnam War
• Nixon’s plan
• 1970--invasion of
  Cambodia
• January, 1973--peace
  talks conclude with
  disguised American
  surrender
Kent State




• They're worse than the brownshirts and the communist element
  and also the nightriders and the vigilantes," Rhodes said. "They're
  the worst type of people that we harbor in America. I think that
  we're up against the strongest, well-trained, militant, revolutionary
  group that has ever assembled in America."
    Pentagon Papers
• Government had
  deliberately
  expanded its role in
  the war
  • by conducting air
    strikes over Laos,
  • raids along the coast
    of North Vietnam,
  • offensive actions
    taken by U.S.
    Marines
    In Search of Détente
• Foreign-policy
  assumptions
• February 1972--
  Nixon visits China
  • Secretary of State
    Henry Kissinger
     • Real politik
    In Search of Détente:
    Outcome of China Visit
• February 1972--U.S.
  recognition of
  Communist China
  set in motion
   In Search of Détente:
   Outcome of USSR Visit
• May 1972--Russians
  sign SALT I
• Apparent mutual
  desire to reduce
  Cold War tensions
    SALT I
• Strategic Arms
  Limitation Treaty
  signed May 1972
  • Stop making
    ballistics missles and
    reduce current
    number to 200
  MIRV
  Farmers happy
   Reshaping the Great
   Society
• Nixon and the Great Society
  • more efficient administration
  • shift responsibility to the states
  • shift school desegregation to the courts
• Shift to conservative Supreme Court
  • appointment of conservatives and
    moderates
  • Burger Court similar to Warren Court
• Pace of change slows but continues
Supreme Court
           • Chief Justice Warren
             Burger
                • Future Chief Justice
                  William Renquist
                  (one of the most
                  conservative ever)
The October War
          • October, 1973--Yom Kippu
            War pits Egypt, Syria
            against Israel
          • U.S. supplies weapons to
            Israel
          • Arab oil nations retaliate
            with boycott
            • prices of gasoline and home
              heating fuel rose sharply
        Energy and the Economy




• U.S. way of life based
  on cheap energy
• 1970s energy crisis
  sparks inflation
   The Oil Shocks
• Effects of soaring oil prices
  • consumer spending plunges
  • recession by 1974
  • inflation persists through
    1970s
• Tax cut aids recovery
• 1979--Iranian Revolution
  causes second surge in oil
  prices
The Oil Shocks: Price Increases of
Crude Oil and Gasoline, 1973-1985
    The Great Inflation
• Oil prices drive
  inflation
   • price of goods soars
   • real income declines
• Attempted
  government controls
  result in record high
  interest rates
   Nixonomics
• Nixon and inflation
  • inflation spurred by Vietnam
  • federal spending cuts
  • interest rates forced up
• 1970--Nixon-induced recession
• 1971--wage and price controls
• Economy revives
 The Election of 1972

• American Independent
  George Wallace--shot and
  disabled, followers vote for
  Nixon

• Democrat George
  McGovern--nomination
  alienates middle class
       The Watergate Scandal
• Summer 1973--Senate
  investigation
  • damaging Senate hearings on
    cover-up
  • White House tapes discovered
• Summer 1974
  • Nixon must relinquish tapes
  • House Judiciary committee
    recommends impeachment
• August 9, 1974--Nixon
  resigns
    The Watergate Scandal:
    Consequences
• Demonstrated the
  strength of
  America’s basic
  governmental and
  societal institutions
   The Ford Administration
• Pardon of Nixon
  unpopular
• Democratic Congress
  alienated
  • disclosure of illegal CIA
    activities under Kennedy
    and Johnson
  • opposes Democratic bills
    protecting the environment
    and civil rights

				
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posted:8/31/2012
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