MIT Pistol and Rifle Club Basic Marksmanship Course by 2KjWcYc


									 MIT Pistol and Rifle Club
Basic Marksmanship Course

       Head Instructor
          Joe Foley
• Head Instructor
• About the Club
• Student Introductions
Class Information
• Need ID & Writing Implement
• Focus on Competitive not Defensive
• Satisfies State Safety Requirements
  – Certificate to get a LTC or FID
Pistol Components
• Barrel
  – Front end where bullet exits
• Frame
  – Backbone where everything is attached
• Action
  – Moving parts: load,fire, and unload
Pistol Concepts
• Double-Action
  – Pulling the trigger cocks then releases
• Single-Action
  – Pulling trigger only releases the hammer
• Hammerless
  – Hammer is not visible (internal mechanism)
Pistol Types
• Revolver
  – Distinctive spinning cylinder to hold cartridges
• Semi-Automatic
  – Uses the power released by the action of firing to
    load the next shot from the Magazine
• Fully Automatic
  – Same as above, but continues to fire while the
    trigger is pulled
Ammunition Types
• Huge Variety
• Most common pistol:
  – 22long rifle, 9mm, 45ACP
• Large calibers are Centerfire
• 22lr still dangerous
  – 12000PSI
  – 1 Mile
Smith & Wesson Model 41
•   Semi-Automatic 22lr
•   Breaks down easily
•   Problem with Triggerlock
•   Adjusting sights with pennies
    – 1/8” click elevation(50ft)
    – 5/64” click windage(50ft)
    – 12 clocks per turn
S&W Model 41(cont)
• Disassemble
• Parts:
  – Extractor, firing-pin
  – Slide-stop/ejector, trigger guard, hammer,
    safety, fore & back straps
• Magazine vs Clip
  – Clip does not have contained spring
• Demo feeding without barrel
Mechanical Safety
• A safety on a pistol is designed to
  reduce accidental discharge
• It can fail – don’t trust it
Golden Safety Rule
• Always treat the gun as though it were
  loaded, even if you know it isn’t.
  – Other factors can change the state of the
    gun without your knowledge
• Dummy plug
  – Verify unfireable from a distance
Safety Rules
• Always keep the gun pointed in a safe
• Always keep your guns unloaded until
  you are ready to shoot
• Always keep your finger off the trigger
  until ready to shoot
• Know your target and what is beyond
• These rules apply to Air Pistols also!
Cease Fire
• Stop Shooting Immediately
• Remove your finger from the trigger
• Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe
• Wait for further instructions from the
  Range Officer
• Anyone can call a “Cease Fire”
• Lead is Toxic if ingested
• Wash hands before eating
• One fatality known since 1820’s
  – Don’t eat/drink on the range!
Eyes and Ears
• Gun discharge extremely loud
  – Esp. in enclosed spaces
• Wear Hearing protectors or Earplugs
• Wear Eye protectors
  – Flying brass
Shooting Fundamentals
•   Natural Point of Aim
•   Grip
•   Breath Control
•   Sight Alignment
•   Trigger Squeeze
•   Followthrough
Natural Point of Aim
• Find dominant eye
• Find comfortable position
  – 45 degrees is good start
  – Feet at shoulder distance
• Hand points at the center of the target
• Lock wrist and elbow
• Move back foot to adjust angle
• Grip should be firm
  – Not limp nor crushing
       • “Holding a child’s hand”
  – Consistent
       • Memorize how it feels
       • Non-shooting hand to adjust
Breath Control
• Hold breath while making the shot
  – Reduces body movement
• 8-10 seconds before losing visual acuity
• Take deep breaths to slow down heart-
• Take a breath while lifting the gun
• Let out small amounts of air to adjust
  vertical position
Sight Alignment
•   Demo with Sight Toy
•   Focus on the front sight with Dominant Eye!
•   Tops should be even
•   Front sight in the middle of the notch
    – Equal spacing on both sides
• Point of Aim
    – Center hold, 6-o’clock, sub-6, line of white
    – 8” sight radius: 1/16” = 5” at 50ft
Trigger Squeeze
• Smoothly
• Straight to the Back
  – Without disturbing sight alignment
• Finger placement
• Dry firing
Follow through
• After making the shot, re-sight it
• Hold it (1-2 seconds)
• Call the shot
• Minimizes unneccessary movement
  before bullet leaves barrel
• Build muscle memory and tone
    – Rapid Fire training
Sight Adjustment
• Rear Sight in direction to move shots
  – Shooting high, move sights higher
• German “bei” means “if”
Ammunition Components
• Case
  – Precise brass container
• Primer
  – Senstive to shock
• Powder
  – Nitrocellulous aka. Smokeless Powder
• Bullet
  – Usually lead, sometimes with brass coating
• Burns Fast and Produces Hot Gases
• Exponential Speed as Temperature
• Demonstration
• High Pressure Loads (+P, +P+)
• Misfire
   – Fails after primer struck by firing pin
• Hangfire
   – Slow ignition
• Keep pistol pointed in safe direction 30
  seconds before clearing the “dud”
• Squib load
   – Underpowered
   – Check for blockage in barrel
• Clean each time used
• Make sure:
  – Unloaded
  – Action Open
  – No Ammunition nearby
• Clean from rear to reduce muzzle wear
  – Avoid denting crown
• Need to be inaccessible to unauthorized
  – Trigger Locks
  – Gunsafes
  – Locked Boxes
• Laws vary
• Ask local law enforcement or legal
  counsel for specific rules and

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