1. Judge Chester H. Krum was accused of involvement in this scandal and later fled town after defaulting on an
unrelated large loan. Five Years after this scandal, a report on it was released by General John MacDonald. George
H. Williams was criticized for not doing anything about this scandal, despite being Attorney General. John B.
Henderson was appointed to prosecute those involved in this scandal, whose members enjoyed the support of White
House Secretary Orville E. Babcock. It was discovered by a former Solicitor General then serving as Treasury
Secretary, Benjamin Bristow. For ten points, name this Grant-era scandal that involved corrupt politicians siphoning
off money from liquor taxes.
ANSWER: Whiskey Ring
2. Lebel and Leogane proposed using this reaction to develop protected anilines and aromatic ureas from aryl
carboxylic acids. Synthetically, it is often carried out in the presence of tert-butanol, since it will give Boc-protected
amines. The same product, generated from an amide, is the result of the first step of the Hofmann rearrangement,
while the first step of the Schmidt reaction is just a protonated analogue of this reaction. Under photochemical,
rather than thermodynamic, conditions it has been shown to produce some of the cyanate. The loss of nitrogen gives
an acyl nitrene, and a simple migration to the nitrene gives the product. For 10 points, identify this process, the
nitrogen analogue of the Wolff rearrangement, which takes an acyl azide to an isocyanate, which in the presence of
water will give a primary amine.
ANSWER: Curtius rearrangement
3. In a dialogue poem from this collection, one speaker calls himself a man who disdains “every other vulgar light”
after being asked “Who is it that, this dark night / underneath by window plaineth?” “Voices at the Window” is the
last of eleven songs from this work, while another poem questions whether virtue is called “ungratefulness” on the
moon after lamenting “With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb’st the skies!” The speaker of the first poem in this
work says he examines “others’ leaves to see if thence would flow / Some fresh fruitful showers upon my sun-
burned brain” but unfortunately “words came halting forth, wanting Invention’s stay” before the poet’s writer’s
block is alleviated when his Muse scorns him: “Fool, look in thy heart and write.” Beginning with the poem “Loving
in truth, and fain in verse my love to show” this collection was published with a preface by Thomas Nashe in a
version found in the same folio as Arcadia. For 10 points, name this sonnet sequence about a “star-lover” written by
Sir Philip Sidney.
ANSWER: “Astrophel and Stella”
4. This composer borrowed from the Orthodox Greek Church liturgy for the clarinet and bass intonations of the
movement “In a Monastery” which is found along with “Popular Feast” in his Middle Ages Suite. The scherzo of his
fourth symphony symbolizes Arnold Bocklin’s Diana’s Chase, while he wrote Cortège Solennel for the funeral
procession of his mentor. He applied the term “architectural poem” to his “Heroic” fifth symphony, his second
symphony is dedicated “to the Memory of Lizst,” and he was only sixteen when he wrote The Slavonian Symphony.
One of his ballets ends with an “Apotheosis” for “sable sky” and consists of four tableaus where the Spirit of Corn,
Zephyr, and Hoar-Frost dance with the title characters, and he featured “the Song of the Volga Boatmen” in his
symphonic poem about the titular Cossack. For 10 points, name this Russian composer, who wrote The Seasons and
ANSWER: Alexander Glazunov
5. In the presence of chemotactic peptides or other stimuli, the arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase in these cells will create
leukotrienes, which many of these cells use to communicate. One variety of this class of cells is split into two types:
one that expresses high levels of cd14 and another that expresses little cd14 but high levels of cd16. In order to
interact with this class of cells, one organism coats its surface with C3b, while others express a protein called
invasions. One variety is thought to derive from bone marrow precursors that express the sialomucin protein cd34,
while a mature type of that aforementioned variety produces tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-12. Some
dedicated examples of these cells possess granules, which contain reactive oxygen species and proteases. Including
monocytes and neutrophils, for 10 points, identify these cells, a component of the immune system named for their
role in eating invasive agents.
ANSWER: phagocytes [prompt on immune cells or perhaps anything that indicates that you remembered we were
talking about a kind of cells]
6. Pirates who supported this rebellion include Fang Ghouzen, who raided the Zhejiang coast, while Xu Shouhui and
Chen Youliang supported it in the south. The general Toghtogha, also known as Toghito, assembled a large army to
defeat this rebellion, but was dismissed by the jealous Huizong Emperor. Planners of this rebellion were expelled
from a neighboring state by the generals Choe Yeong and Yi Songgye after a failed attempt to ally with the Goryeo
Dynasty. This rebellion ended with the capture of a city then known as Dadu. Many participants in this rebellion
were members of the White Lotus Society, and its final leader was Zhu Yuanzhang, who promoted ethnic solidarity
and declared himself the Hongwu Emperor. For ten points, name this rebellion that replaced the Mongol Yuan
Dynasty with the Ming dynasty.
ANSWER: Red Turban Rebellion [accept: Hongjin Qiyi]
7. This group appeared on Wildboyz: Deep South where they helped launch anvils using dynamite, as well as the
episode titled “Pay to Play” on the television show Numbers. Noted for their beef with Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, this
group formerly included members Koopsta Knicca and Gangsta Boo. This group noted that, “If you think I’m crazy,
that’s right, if you think I’m lazy, damn right,” in a song with Akon, as well as another where, “I’m in the club
posted up, got my arms folded.” Those songs, “That’s Right,” and “Side 2 Side,” are featured on the albums “Last
To Walk” and “Most Known Unknown” respectively. However, their most famous song featured the line, “She gotta
give up before she get in my car, I ain’t Denzel but I know I’m a star” and featured 8 Ball, MJG, and Young Buck.
For 10 points, identify this rap group consisting of Project Pat, DJ Paul, and Juicy J whose hits include “Lolli Lolli”
and “Stay Fly,” and who won an Academy Award for the song “Hard Out Here For a Pimp.”
ANSWER: Three 6 Mafia
8. Erbium-doped gallium nitride examples have been made to give off strong green light, while arrays of zinc oxide
nanorods operate better as these when tipped with gold. An alternative to using these is necessary for buck
converters and involves connecting a power MOSFET in parallel; that technique is called synchronous rectification.
They may be distinguished from the p-n type by their much higher current leakage and their picosecond recovery
time; best suited for high-frequency circuits, they arise from a namesake form of metal-semiconductor contact. For
10 points, identify these "hot carrier diodes," notable for their extremely low forward-voltage drop.
ANSWER: Schottky diodes [or Schottky junctions; accept hot carrier diode before mention]
9. This economist's musings about philosophy and mathematics led him to discuss the use of trapdoor functions,
write Elementary Lessons in Logic, and to build the Logic Piano and publish The Substitution of Similars. One of his
better known works includes a chapter "Of British Invention" and one on "The Problem of the Trading Bodies," in
addition to beginning a chapter "of the Price of" the titular commodity with a quotation from Yarranton. Besides The
Coal Question, he considers that mortgagees and army officers will bear the full burden of the title event and writes
about "Prices after a Revulsion" in A Serious Fall in the Value of Gold. Increased energy efficiency decreases costs
and so leads to higher consumption in his namesake paradox. His best known work begins with a "Theory of
Pleasure and Pain" and goes on to consider utility, exchange, labour, rent, and capital. For 10 points, identify this
author of The Theory of Political Economy.
ANSWER: William Stanley Jevons
10. This author wrote about a doctor who shrinks himself to enter his lover’s blood and operate on a tumor before
escaping her large intestine through her farting in “The Incredible Voyage”, which is found in his collection Stained-
Glass Elegies. Suda and Pere Durand debate whether Akadake will erupt in his novel Volcano, and in a different one
of his books a tubercular assassin is foiled in his attempts to kill his brother’s murders by the bumbling Gaston
Bonaparte. In addition to When I Whistle and Wonderful Fool, another one of his novels Francis Garrpe goes insane
after witnessing a horrific scene where three prisoners are wrapped in heavy mats and dropped into the sea, while
Inspector Inoue uses the lifestyle of Christovao Ferreira in an effort to convince Sebastian Rodrigues to apostatize.
For 10 points, name this author, who wrote about Jesuits missionaries coming to Japan in Silence.
ANSWER: Shusaku Endo
11. Below the artist’s signature in this painting appears the text: “Ad Summu - Regina tronu defertum in altum”
which are the opening words to a hymn of praise to Our Lady of Assumption. John Shearman argues that a group of
figures in this painting stand for sphinxes, while Antonio Natali argues that group actually symbolizes the
“apocalyptic vision” represented by locusts. The figure on the right wears a draped cinnabar robe over a violet shirt
and is based on a statue by Sansovino. The sculptor Battista Foggini was hired by Prince Ferdinando de Medici to
restore the church of San Francesco dei Macci in exchange for being able to buy this work. This painting led Vasari
to label its artist as “the painter without errors” and it shows St. Francis on the left holding a cross and St. John to the
right of the title figure. The marble polygonal pedestal upon which the title character stands is decorated on the
corners with the monstrous figures that give this painting its name. For 10 points, name this masterpiece of Andrea
ANSWER: Madonna of the Harpies
12. One speech from this play claims, “[Life] ain’t got no balls. Now death . . . death got some style! Death will kick
your ass and make you wish you were never born!” One character describes himself as the “leftovers” that were
never used as ingredients in the stew of history, and later listens to the story of Reverend Gates, who was encircled
by a gang after missing his train at Sigsbee and forced to dance at gunpoint. Another character in this play enters
followed by a policeman accusing her stuttering nephew Sylvester of assaulting a taxi driver until the Irvin
intervenes. One character’s victory in an endurance dance contest in Bolingbroke, Georgia led to his nickname Slow
Drag, while Sturdyvant reneges on a proposed music deal with Levee, who eventually stab the pianist Toledo. For 10
points, name this play about the band of the titular “Mother of the Blues” written by August Wilson.
ANSWER: Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom
13. Among the ethnic groups that predominate on the coast of this country are the Tsimihety and the Sakalava as
well as one that claims descent from the pirate Ratsimilaho, the Betsimisaraka. A groundbreaking study by Otto
Dahl concluded that the dominant language in this country shares much of its vocabulary with the Maanjan language
of the Barito River Valley. This country’s central highlands include tribal groups descended from East Africans as
well as culturally dominant groups such as the Betsileo and the Merina, the latter of which controlled a namesake
kingdom that was ended by the French in the Franco-Hova War. One member of the Merina ethnic group, Marc
Ravalomanana, was deposed in a March 2009 political crisis. This country also saw ethnic controversy throughout
the 1970s as coastal elites tried to replace the French language with the Austronesian language Malagasy. FTP,
identify this country located on the fourth-largest island in the world.
14. Harris et al. found, in a study of “linking magmas” in certain features associated with this property, that fluid
inclusions were spatially associated with silicate-melt inclusions in the P veins of those features. This property is
found in rocks near those features, which also host quartz-sericite alteration zones, quartz monzonite dikes, and
breccia zones; while some are excellent sources of molybdenum, extensive sulfide mineralization is present in the
copper deposits named for this property. Trachyte commonly exhibits this property, as does a mineral that possesses
a “rhomb” variety, latite. The characteristic feature of this property often exhibits calcic-sodic zoning when
plagioclase; those large mineral deposits are called phenocrysts, and rocks with this property are named by the
phenocryst mineral, the host rock, and then the name of this property. For 10 points, name this texture of igneous
rock consisting of large crystals embedded in a fine-grained matrix.
ANSWER: porphyry [or porphyritic igneous rocks; prompt on porphyry copper deposits early]
[NOTE: Porphyry is a Syrian neoplatonist philosopher and Christian hater. Get ready for HI 2010: Depart All Ye
15. Once, while hunting, he pursued a white boar only to be found later touching a golden bowl; he was freed when
his wife caught a mouse, which was the wife of a magician, and the magician freed him. Though he then owed his
freedom to his wife Cigfa, he already owed his life to his foster father, who had seen a mysterious beast outside his
stable and came out to kill it; having found the baby, he called him Gwn of the Golden Hair until Teyrnon realized
who he was. He was once tricked by Gwydion into giving him his pigs, and the resulting war was settled by single
combat, which he lost. For 10 points, identify this king of Dyfed about whom the rumor was spread that he was
eaten shortly after birth by Rhiannon.
16. James Mackintosh wrote an early response to it, and another reply described this work as “ingenious arguments
in a very specious garb.” A scathing attack on the Old Jewry and Richard Price, this work defends aristocracy,
saying, “To make us love our country, our country ought to be lovely.” It argues that liberties are not universal
endowments but are dependent on national tradition, forming an “entailed inheritance” passed down to posterity.
This work describes claims of natural rights as “metaphysically true but politically false” and concludes that
legitimizing the overthrow of governments can lead only to anarchy. For 10 points, name this work written in 1790
by Edmund Burke.
ANSWER: Reflections on the Revolution in France
17. This man's favorite maxim is frequently reinforced by a legend where this man was forced to stay outside of city
walls, his donkey and rooster were eaten, and his fire extinguished by wind, only to reveal that he had escaped
capture by an invading army because he had remained hidden. In addition to writing “What God does, he does for
the best,” this man also proclaimed the Messianic age would last only forty years, or one man's lifetime. This man's
religious philosophy is recorded in such statements as “Everything is foreseen, but choice is given,” and he
frequently disagreed with Gamliel II. A native of Lod, this shepherd began his education at the age of forty.
Legendarily dying at dawn after finishing the last word of the Shema, for 10 points, name this father of Rabbinic
Judaism who was tortured to death following his support and the failure of Bar Kochba's revolt.
ANSWER: Rabbi Akiva ben Yosef [or Akiba ben Joseph]
18. The first ruler of this polity had previously been Duke of Autun. This polity’s Bosonid Dynasty included Hugh
the Black and its founder, Richard the Justiciar. This polity won the Battle of Montlhery, after which it forced a
neighbor to sign the Peace of Conflans. One ruler of this polity created the Order of the Golden Fleece, while an
important question in this polity’s late history was who would marry Mary the Rich, whose father had supported
League of the Public Weal before dying at the Battle of Nancy, after which this polity was divided between the
Habsburgs and Louis XI of France. For ten points, name this polity led by Philip the Good and Charles the Bold, a
now-defunct eastern neighbor of France.
ANSWER: Duchy of Burgundy
19. While working as the supervisor of the archaeological excavations at Sanguigna, the protagonist of this novel
accidentally wanders into the middle of the road with his shotgun while hunting for a lark when he is mistaken for a
highway bandit and kills a man who attacks him from a passing carriage. Killing that character Giletti allows the
protagonist to sleep with Marietta Valsera before he is seduced by the opera singer Fausta. The poet-assassin
Ferrante Palla smuggles ropes into the prison where the protagonist talks with his future lover through alphabet
cards. In this novel Gina Pietranera and Count Mosca facilitate the main character’s escape from Farnese Tower, so
he can impregnate Clelia Conti while serving as archbishop before he eventually retires to the titular monastery. For
10 points, name this novel about Fabrizio del Dongo written by Stendahl.
ANSWER: Charterhouse of Parma (accept La Chartreuse de Parme)
20. Lord St. Helens, for whom an American volcano is named, was a British diplomat sent as a special envoy to this
ruler. This ruler’s alliance with Denmark led to the Lingonberry War, and this ruler supported the Anjala Conspiracy,
a mutiny of army officers in a neighboring country. This ruler’s minister Alexander Bezborodko negotiated the
Treaty of Varala, which ended this ruler’s conflict with King Gustav III of Sweden. Admiral Samuel Grieg won the
Battle of Chesme for this ruler, leading to the Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji. This ruler probably conspired to overthrow
Paul III to come to power and made Stanislaw Poniatowski the King of Poland, which this ruler later helped
partition. For ten points, name this Russian ruler who conquered the Crimea, where some villages were built by
Grigory Potemkin, her possible lover.
ANSWER: Catherine II or Catherine The Great
1. One book by this theorist characterized a certain deconstructionist as a "Young Jewish Saint." For 10 points each:
 Identify this philosopher and literary critic who coined the term "phallogocentricism."
ANSWER: Helene Cixous
 This Cixous paper argues that everyone's bisexual; it also bemoans the impossibility of a uniquely feminine
practice of writing.
ANSWER: Laugh of the Medusa
 The term "phallogocentricism" bears the influence of that "Young Jewish Saint" of a deconstructionist, author
of On Grammatology.
ANSWER: Jacques Derrida
2. Name these Ingmar Bergman films, for 10 points each.
 In this Bergman film the knight Antonious Block returning from the Crusades plays chess with Death.
ANSWER: Seventh Seal (accept Det Sjunde Inseglet)
 The overbearing Bishop Edvard marries the widow Emilie before he is killed in a fire while he is sleeping after
being drugged by a sedative.
ANSWER: Fanny and Alexanderr (accept Fanny och Alexander)
 In this film Karin and Maria visit their dying sister Agnes in her secluded countryside mansion.
ANSWER: Cries and Whispers (accept Viskningar och Rop)
3. In 2005, the Radisson SAS and the Grand Hyatt on this city’s namesake hill were bombed, killing (among others)
the producer of the Halloween movies. For ten points each –
(10) Identify this city that is the capital of the world’s only remaining Hashemite kingdom.
(10) Amman is located 365 miles north of this only Jordanian port city, which lies right across a small bay from
(10) In 2008, a feature film about the implementation of a recycling program in this second most populous city of
Jordan was produced. (The film looks kind of dull. I mean, really. It’s about recycling in the second most populous
city of Jordan. Not really box office gold, eh?) This city also gave its name to the former second-in-command of al-
Qaeda who planned the 2005 bombings.
ANSWER: Zarqa (note: the terrorist in question was Ahmad al-Zarqawi)
4. Calcite crystals are famous for exhibiting this property. For 10 points each:
 Identify this optical phenomenon, in which materials may be defined to have two different refractive indices,
one in the direction parallel to and another perpendicular to the axis of anisotropy.
 In this effect, birefringence results from a constant magnetic field being applied to a medium perpendicular to a
beam of light. The namesake of a kind of atomic line filter, it occurs in vapors, unlike the stronger Cotton-Mouton
effect, which occurs in liquids.
ANSWER: Voigt effect
 The electric analog of the Cotton-Mouton effect, this phenomenon, when induced by an external electric field,
leads to birefringence. Unlike the Pockels effect, the change in refractive index it leads to is proportional to the
square of the electric field.
ANSWER: Kerr effect
5. The protagonist visits Paris and claims that he intends to regain custody of Honoria. For 10 points each;
 Identify this short story in which Charlie Wales's plans to regain custody of his daughter from the Marion and
Lincoln Peters are ruined by the drunken antics of his friends Lorraine and Duncan.
ANSWER: “Babylon Revisited”
 In this other F. Scott Fitzgerald short story Dexter Greene chases the upper class Judy to no avail, but years later
when he's successful she no longer seems worth the trouble.
ANSWER: “Winter Dreams”
 In this story, Percy Washington boasts to John that his dad's super rich because he owns the title object. It's
actually a fucking mountain.
ANSWER: “The Diamond as Big as the Ritz”
6. Sets of them related in their functionality are called uber- ones. For 10 points each:
 Give the term that applies both to a model of gene expression and the units of that model, most famously
applied to E. coli's regulation of lactose enzymes.
 The phenomenon originally observed by Jacob and Monod was this, in which first glucose was metabolized,
then lactose. It describes any system where microbes digest a mixture of sugars in sequence.
 This operon system, present in Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, is regulated by the presence of iron, which
makes sense because it gets energy from oxidizing it.
7. An open window in the top left and a yellow chair are two of the few elements to break with the title color, which
blends in the table and the wallpaper. For 10 points each;
 Name this painting by the artist of Bathers with Turtle where a woman in black adjusts a plate of fruit.
ANSWER: Harmony in Red (or The Red Room or The Dinner Table or La Fesserte)
 In addition to The Red Room, Matisse created this portrait of his Amelie in which the background is divided
into red, green, and magenta sections.
ANSWER: Green Stripe (accept La Raie Verte)
 Matisse painted several still-lifes featuring these creatures, including one where they rest on a table to the left of
a vase and the artist's Reclining Nude I sculpture.
8. Answer some questions about some boxers who share a first name, for 10 points each.
 Jake LaMotta, whose 1951 loss to this middleweight in their sixth and final bout was featured at the climax of
Raging Bull, was among those to call him the best boxer ever, pound-for-pound.
ANSWER: "Sugar" Ray Robinson
 Robinson's nicknamesake, "Sugar" Ray Leonard, scored a round 8 TKO in 1980 when his opponent, Roberto
Duran, allegedly said this two-word phrase to the referee, giving up the fight.
ANSWER: ¡No más!
 This lightweight's second title defense, which resulted in the death of challenger Duk Koo Kim, is described in
a song in which Warren Zevon sings that "the name of the game is be hit and hit back."
ANSWER: Ray "Boom Boom" Mancini
9. This man was a student of Sir Edward Coke, and allegedly taught John Milton Dutch. FTPE,
 Name this English theologian who moved to America and wrote The Bloudy Tenant of Persecution and was
notably kicked out of the Massachusetts Bay Colony for disagreeing with the Puritans.
ANSWER: Roger Williams
 Roger Williams founded Rhode Island on land he acquired from this Indian tribe, with whom he had good
 Roger Williams struck up a friendship with this Narragansett chief, who gave Williams a free grant of land
which became the first settlement in Rhode Island.
10. This man and his followers were known as the “Optimates”. FTPE,
 Name this dictator of the late Roman Republic, a conservative known for his rivalry with the reformer Gaius
ANSWER: Lucius Cornelius Sulla
 Sulla won the Second Battle of Chaeronea, burned the Piraeus, and generally desecrated all of Athens while
fighting a war in Greece against this King of Pontus.
ANSWER: Mithridates VI [accept: Mithridates Eupator; Mithridates the Great]
 Sulla defeated this Greek general, whom Mithridates had put in charge of Athens.
11. There’s no reich like the second reich. Answer the following about Imperial Germany FTPE.
 As every schoolboy knows, Bismarck’s education minister Adalbert Falk passed the May Laws during the
Kulturkampf, angering this political party that primarily represented Catholic interests in the Reich.
ANSWER: Zentrum Party [accept: Catholic Center Party]
 In 1911, Kaiser Wilhelm II ordered the gunboat Panther into a Moroccan bay and refused to withdraw it unless
he was given more land in Africa from France, sparking this crisis also known as the Second Moroccan Crisis.
David Lloyd George made the Mansion House Speech in response to it.
ANSWER: Agadir Crisis
 This 1907-1908 scandal concerned rumors that many of Kaiser Wilhelm II’s closest advisors were homosexuals
who were engaging in homosexual sex with each other.
ANSWER: Harden-Eulenburg Affair
12. A poem in this collection notes “The moon was spreading pale tints of zinc,” and it opens, “My young desire
created, ‘neath domes splashed o’er with gold.” For 10 points each;
 The aforementioned “Resignation” is found in this poetry’s collection segment titled “Watercolors.” This
collection’s other sections include “Melancholy,” “Somber Landscapes,” and “Caprices.”
ANSWER: Saturnine Poems (accept Saturnian Poems or Poemes Saturniens)
 The Saturnine Poems was the first collection of this Symbolist author who was a lover of Arthur Rimbaud and
also wrote the love poems Romances Without Words and Fetes Galantes.
ANSWER: Paul Verlaine
 This other French Symbolist poet was an early pioneer of free verse and authored a work dedicated to
countryman Gustave Kahn containing a number of “Pierrots” titled L'Imitation de Notre-Dame la Lune.
ANSWER: Jules Laforgue
13. This movement rejects Rabbinical teachings, the Mishna, and the Talmud in favor of reliance on the Tanakh
alone. For 10 points each:
 Name this sect of Judaism prevalent in Iraq, which seeks the p'shat, or plain meaning, of a text.
ANSWER: Karaite Judaism [or Karaism]
 This rabbi explicitly denounced the Karaites and constructed thirteen principles of faith, besides writing The
Guide for the Perplexed.
ANSWER: Moses Maimonides [or Rabbi Moses ben Maimon; or the Rambam; or Mūsā ibn Maymūn]
 Early writings about this Jewish community expressed uncertainty whether it followed rabbinical or Karaite
teachings. Said to be the descendants of the tribe of Dan, it refers to the original community of Ethiopian Jews, most
of whom live in Israel now.
ANSWER: Beta Israel [or House of Israel]
14. Identify these works of Samuel Johnson, for 10 points each.
 The protagonist’s maid Pekuah is stolen while Imlac and Nekayah visit the pyramids in this novel about the
titular Prince of Abyssinia.
 Johnson invokes Democritus in this poem that notes, “life protracted is protracted woe,” and “fate wings with
every wish the afflictive dart.” This poem was an imitation of one of Juvenal’s satires.
ANSWER: The Vanity of Human Wishes
 This work describes how the title character gets into a violent fight with his roommate Lord Tyrconnel, while
the protagonist is a son of the Countess of Macclesfield, who is imprisoned for murdering a man in a bar fight.
ANSWER: Life of Mr. Richard Savage
15. Assigning a Lie algebra to its corresponding Lie group defines one of these. For 10 points each:
 Identify these maps between categories.
 Given categories A, B, and C and a functor X, which takes A to C, and Y, which takes A to B, this construct is a
functor R that takes B to C and a natural transformation eta that takes RY to X.
ANSWER: Kan extension
 Functors either preserve or reverse the direction of morphisms when they operate on the objects of a category.
In the former case, they're called covariant; in the latter case, they're called this.
16. Name these Turkish groups who are not Ottomans or Safavids FTPE.
 This barbarian group, who spoke a Turkish language, invaded Eastern Europe in the late 500’s and established a
kingdom just north of Bulgaria. They were finally crushed by Charlemagne in 796.
 This Seljuk Sultanate existed in Anatolia from 1077 to 1307, and copied its name from the formal title of the
ANSWER: Rum Sultanate [corruption of “Rome”; accept also Rom Sultanate, Konya Sultanate, or Iconium
 This confederation of nomadic Turks in eastern Anatolia and Northern Iraq posed constant border security
problems for both the Ottoman and Safavid empires, but was eventually defeated by Mehmet II at the Battles of
Bashkent and Outlukbeli.
ANSWER: White Sheep Turkomans [accept: Ak Koyunlu; Aq Qoyunlu]
17. Zinc oxide is the oxide of choice for this process today. For 10 points each:
 Identify this common industrial process which, at its most efficient, requires three atoms of a certain element to
produce a cross-linker.
ANSWER: vulcanization [accept word forms]
 Disulfide bonds, a basic sort of cross-linker, are formed between residues of this amino acid.
 Elemental sulfur or sulfur dioxide may be extracted from hydrogen sulfide via this process.
ANSWER: Claus process
18. Name these 20th century American composers, for 10 points each.
 This man served as the head of the Eastman School of Music for over 40 years and wrote symponhies titled
“Sinfonia Sacra,” “Merry Mount,” and “Nordic.”
ANSWER: Howard Hanson
 He won a Pulitzer Prize for his core to the film Louisiana Story, but is better known for collaborating with
Gertrude Stein on the operas The Mother of Us All and Four Saints in Three Acts.
ANSWER: Virgil Thomson
 The Metropolitan Opera commissioned his opera The Great Gatsby and he is best known for the album Mottetti
di Montale and The Flight into Egypt.
ANSWER: John Harbison
19. The miniaturists in this work look away from the sun when it rises to avoid going blind, and characters in this
novel include Shekure, who is pursued by Hasan and Black. For 10 points each;
 Name this novel about Elegant Effendi who has just been murdered and narrates from the grave.
ANSWER: My Name is Red (Benim Adım Kırmızı)
 This author of Cevdet Bey and his sons wrote about a Venetian scholar and a Turkish master Hoja in The White
Castle, as well as My Name is Red.
ANSWER: Orhan Pamuk
 This novel by Pamuk centers around Galip, a lawyer in Istanbul whose wife Ruya goes missing. The novel ends
when Galip discovers his dead brother Celal and Ruya, who was shot in Aladdin’s store.
ANSWER: The Black Book (accept Kara Kitap)
20. The long object he holds is sometimes thought to be a blowgun. For 10 points each:
 Name this southwestern North American fertility deity, who's probably holding a pipe.
 Kokopelli features prominently in Hopi myth, as does this character, who in many stories is the creator of the
world. She spins a web and throws it into the sky; the dew that forms on it becomes the stars.
ANSWER: Spider Grandmother [or Spider Woman]
 Other stories say that Tawa, the sun spirit, is the creator, who created this nephew of his. This nephew was told
to create the nine universes, and made Spider Grandmother, who later created life.