Structural Patterns in Writing by 83xvc88F

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									Structural Patterns
in Writing


  (Ways to organize your writing)
 Overview
 There are many ways to organize your writing
     Cause and Effect       Compare and Contrast
     Sequential Order       Logical Order
     Description            Classification
     Order of Importance    Proposition/Support
     Problem and Solution
 The pattern chosen depends on the author’s
  topic and objective for writing (what and
  why?)
Cause and Effect Organization
 Show the different causes and effects
  of various conditions
 Effective for persuasive papers
 Two patterns:
   All causes in one paragraph and all
    effects in another, or
   Each paragraph has one cause with all
    effects
Sequential Organization
 Used to describe a process
 Arranges information according to a
  step-by-step sequence
 For instance, the steps required to
  produce a loaf of bread.
Compare and Contrast Organization
 Effective to use when a reader is familiar
  with one topic
 Arranges information according to how two
  or more things are similar to or different
  from one another
 Two patterns:
   Each paragraph describes the similarities/
    differences of one factor, with a different
    paragraph for each factor, or
   create two main paragraphs, one that describes
    similarities and one that describes differences
Order of Importance Organization
 Put the most important information
  first
   What is important depends on your
    audience
   Know who you are writing for so that
    you provide information that is important
    to your audience
Problem & Solution Organization
 Divides information into two main sections:
  one that describes a problem and one that
  describes a solution
   First, the writer convinces the reader a problem
    exists
   Second, the writer provides a solution to the
    problem
 Typically used in persuasive writing
   the writer's general purpose is to convince the
    reader to support a certain course of action
Logical Order Organization
 The essay moves between general
  ideas and specific examples in a
  logical manner
   Introduce each idea, then follow up with
    supporting examples
   A logical progression of ideas allows the
    reader to easily reach the same
    conclusion as the writer
Classification Organization
 Break a large subject into categories
 Show the reader how the categories are
  connected to each other and/or the thesis
   Pets
     Dogs
        Types
        Pros and cons
      Cats
        Types
        Pros and cons
Proposition & Support Organization
 An organization that presents an idea
  or belief positively or firmly.
 Also referred to as a Persuasive
  Organization
 Gives the reader an idea of what will
  be presented in the paper
   Includes a “call to action” to support the
    idea, or
   A solution to a perceived problem
Final Thoughts
 Avoid “So what?” at the end!
   What is the point of your essay?
   You don't need to come right out and
    state the point; let the point grow out of
    the experience of the essay.
     Allow the reader to infer your point, or
     Your conclusion can offer the “so what” to
      tie everything together

								
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