Bharati Mukherjee by PV96CoQt

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									 Book and Cultural
   Presentation
Julie Artis
Paige Wong
Book Presentation
Bharati Mukherjee
Biography
   Born in 1940 in India to wealthy parents
   Could read and write by the age of three
   B.A. from the University of Calcutta in 1959
   M.A. in English and Ancient Indian Culture from the
    University of Baroda in 1961
   M.F.A. in Creative Writing in 1963
   Married Clark Blaise in 1963
   Ph.D. in English and Comparative Literature in 1969
   Currently a professor at the University of California,
    Berkeley
Synopsis
   The story begins with a priest forecasting
    a destiny for the main character, Jasmine.
    Jasmine travels from India to America and
    eventually settles in the Midwest. Through
    her travel, Jasmine’s metamorphosis leads
    her through a journey of self-discovery.
Themes
   Racism
        “He called all Hindu women whores, all Hindu men rapists. ‘The sari is
         the sign of the prostitute,’ he said.”
   Destiny or fate
        “If we could just get away from India, then all the fates would be
         canceled. We’d start with new fates, new stars.”
   Water/purification/cleanliness
        “I determined to clean my body as it had never been cleaned, with the
         small wrapped bar of soap, and to purify my soul with all the prayers I
         could remember from my father’s and my husband’s cremations.”
   Journey and travel
        “But we are refugees and mercenaries and guest workers; you see us
         sleeping in airport lounges; you watch us unwrapping the last of our
         native foods, unrolling our prayer rugs, reading our holy books . . .”
   What is a “real” American?
        “I could not admit that I had accustomed myself to American clothes.
         American clothes disguised my widow-hood. In a T-shirt and cords, I
         was taken for a student.”
Characters
   Jyoti
         This is the main character’s Indian-born name, born in Hasnapur. She marries Prakash.
   Jasmine
         This is the name given to the main character by her husband, Prakash. She uses this name
          until she arrives in America.
   Jane
         The name given to the main character by her lover, Bud. She carries Bud’s child in Iowa.
   Prakash
         Jasmine’s first husband. He is killed in a bombing in India.
   Bud
         Jane’s lover, an Iowa banker, who has been paralyzed after an angry farmer shoots him in
          the back.
   Du
         Jane and Bud’s adopted son from Vietnam. He comes to them at age 16.
       Could this book be taught to
              adolescents?
   Like so many of the other books that we have discussed,
    whether or not this book could be taught in school would
    be up to the discretion of the individual school district
    and/or community.
   There is a rape scene and a murder scene. They are
    not very descriptive; nevertheless, it is still violent
    material.
   There is also a sexual scene. The wording is not
    graphic; however, the words “ejaculation” and “orgasm”
    are used. This scene describes the character’s
    frustration in having to make love to her husband who is
    paralyzed.
    Other works



Desirable Daughters   The Middleman   Days and Nights in   Leave it to Me
                                          Calcutta
Cultural
Presentation
Food
Arranged Marriages
Caste System
         Food mentioned in the book
              MATAR PANIR
   INGREDIENTS:                            PREPARATION
   1-inch piece ginger                          Cut panir into cubes and lightly fry.
                                                  Grate onion Chop tomatoes and ginger.
   Few coriander leaves
                                            METHOD
   50 gm vanaspati
                                                 Heat vanaspati in cooker body and fry
   Salt to taste                                 onion still golden brown. Add ginger
   250 m l. water (1 2/3 cup)                    and handful of water. Add finely cut
                                                  tomatoes turmeric, chilli, coriander-
   350 gm. fresh peas (shelled)                  cumin powder, salt. Fry till vanaspati
   100 gm. onions                                separates from masala. Add peas and
   150 gm. Tomatoes                              fry for 2 minutes Add water. Close lid.
                                                  Place cooker on maximum heat. Bring
   200 gm. panir                                 to full cooking pressure Reduce to
   ½ teaspoon chilli powder                      medium heat and cook for 3 minutes
                                                  Open cooker immediately after
   1/8 teaspoon turmeric powder                  releasing steam pressure. Immediately
   ½ teaspoon coriander-cumin powder             add panir. Simmer for 2 minutes
                                                  Garnish with fresh coriander. Serve hot



               http://www24.brinkster.com/virat/recipe25.htm
Arranged Marriages in India
   The basic concept of the arranged marriage is to protect
    the caste. Indian people give much importance to their
    families; therefore, allowing them to choose a spouse for
    their son or daughter reinforces their trust.
   Spouses are chosen according to religion, caste, social
    status, and economic class.
   When an adequate spouse cannot be found, a marriage
    broker can be called.
   A dowry is given to the bride’s family in exchange for the
    bride.
Arranged Marriages Today
 Today, some families allow more choice
  for their children.
 The family may still choose their spouse,
  but they are allowed to meet, see pictures
  of each other, and ultimately decide if they
  want to marry.
India’s Caste System
   The caste system is used to keep order and
    peace among the people
   There are five different levels of the caste or
    Varna
   People are born, marry, and die within their
    Varna
   The first three levels are the only levels that are
    considered “born twice,” meaning that they are
    born naturally first and then later born into
    society.
Brahman—level 1

           Brahman

 Priests        Educated people
Kshatria—level 2

         Kshatria

  Warriers          Rulers
Vaisia—level 3

           Vaisia

Farmers   Merchants   Artisians
Sudra—level 4

     Sundra

     Laborers
Harijans (Untouchables)—level 5

   Lowest class of
    society
The Caste System Today
   While it the caste system is illegal today, it
    is to deeply embedded in the society that it
    still exists without rule.
Sources
   http://members.tripod.com/~berchmans/arrange.
    html
   http://www.clickwalla.com/article.php?cid=53&ai
    d=82
   http://www.csuchico.edu/~cheinz/syllabi/asst001
    /spring98/india.htm
   http://www.friesian.com/caste.htm
   http://www24.brinkster.com/virat/recipe25.htm
   http://adaniel.tripod.com/confusion.htm

								
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