Volleyball Handout by 5I45l5



The game of volleyball, originally called "mintonette", was invented in 1895 by William G.
Morgan. Morgan, a graduate of the Springfield College of the YMCA, designed the game to be
a combination of basketball, baseball, tennis and handball. Mintonette was designed to be an
indoor sport less rough than basketball for older members of the YMCA, while still requiring a
bit of athletic effort. The first rules called for a net 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) high, a 25×50 ft
(7.6×15.2 m) court, and any number of players. A match was composed of nine innings with
three serves for each team in each inning, and no limit to the number of ball contacts for each
team before sending the ball to the opponents’ court. In case of a serving error, a second try
was allowed. Hitting the ball into the net was considered a foul (with loss of the point or a
side-out)—except in the case of the first-try serve. After an observer, Alfred Halstead,
noticed the volleying nature of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896, played at the
International YMCA Training School (now called Springfield College), the game quickly became
known as volleyball (it was originally spelled as two words: "volley ball").

Indoor volleyball is played with 6 players on the court. In most cases players have specialized
positions (setter, hitter, libero) and specific responsibilities. Each court position has a
corresponding number.


In indoor volleyball, each team is made up of six players. The game starts when one team wins
the coin toss. The player who is going to serve the ball stands behind the end line and hits the
ball over the net and into the other team's area. The other team then has to get the ball
back across the net. A team can only have contact with the ball a maximum of three times to
get it across the net. If there is contact with the ball more than three times, then the
opposing team wins the point. A point is also scored if the ball hits the ground or if the
returning team touches the net or reaches over the top of it.
Rule Violations
 Stepping on or over the service line
 Serve does not make it over the net
 Hitting the ball illegally (catching, throwing, double hit)
 The same player plays the ball twice in a row
 Touching the net
 Out of rotation (players are in the wrong position at the time of serve or a team serves
   out of order)

Games (also called sets) are played to 25 points, but a team must win by 2 points or more
which means if the game is tied the score may be higher than 25. Most volleyball games are
played as a best 2 out of 3 sets. Volleyball uses a rally point system- each play results in a
team scoring a point. The team that does not make the error receives the point.

Power Hitter- power hitters are usually the primary attackers on the team. These hitters
attack balls that are set to the left side of the court
Middle Hitter- middle hitters hit balls set at the net in the middle of the court
Setter- setter is the player on the volleyball team that sets the teams attackers
Offside Hitter- offside hitters hit from the right side of the court and are usually not the
primary attackers on the team
Libero- The libero plays a special roll in team defence and passing. The libero is the player on
the volleyball team that can come into the game and replace any player on the back row. The
libero is sometimes called a defensive specialist

Volleyball Vocab
Bump/Pass- typically the first contact made. Arms are together, forearms up, hands together
Volley/Set- it is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball. It is an overhead
pass used to change the direction of the pass and puts the ball up in the air in such a way that
it can hit into the opponent’s court.
Spike- usually performed on the third contact after the setter has set up the ball. The
purpose of spike is to score a point for your team. It is a hard downward hit made from above
the height of the net.
Serve- this action puts the ball into play. The server uses the hand to send the ball over the
net and into the opposing court.
Ace- when the ball is served to the other team, and no one touches it.
Side Out- When the team that served the ball makes a mistake, causing the ball to go to the
other team
Dig- when a player makes a save from a very difficult spike
Kill- a kill is a fancy word for a successful attack

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