Cooperative Learning by 3GlV0g


									Cooperative Learning

    A number of strategies whereby students help
     one another acquire course content
Cooperation in Context

  Learning may be competitive,
   individualistic, or cooperative
  Competitive goals encourage students to
   work against one another; evaluation is
   norm-referenced and grades are
   distributed along a bell-curve with good,
   average and poor performers
Cooperation in Context

  Individualistic goals encourage students to
   disregard their classmates; evaluation is
   criterion-referenced and students looked after
   their self-interests or personal mastery or
   specified objectives
  Cooperative goals emphasize collaboration
   and shared understanding on any task;
   evaluation is interdependence – a group must
   succeed for an individual to succeed.
Tenets of Cooperative Learning

  Individual and group accountability: each
   student is accountable for a specific task
   or topic as well as topics assigned to
   other group members
  Positive interdependence: each team
   benefits when all embers perform well,
   and is held accountable when one or
   more members do not
Tenets of Cooperative Learning

    Group processing: students coached on
     group process skills – supporting
     differences, listening, providing
     feedback, gate keeping to ensure all
     participate, coaching others, reaching
Tenets of Cooperative Learning

    Promote group process by assigning roles
    Leaders keep groups on task, ensure
     everyone participates and understands
    Recorders manage group files and folders,
     tracking each team member’s contributions
    Reporters give responses to the class about
     as group’s activities or conclusions
    Monitors act as timekeepers for activities
Setting Up

  Use small groups
  Heterogeneous groups suggested by
   research (e.g., mixed gender, race, and
   ability levels)
  Low ability student typically improves
   performance when grouped with higher
   ability student; higher ability student
   sometimes decreases in performance
Strategies: Think-Pair-Share

  Think-pair-share is one of dozens of
   cooperative learning strategies described
   on the Internet
  Students are prompted to think about a
   topic or problem, record their ideas, pair
   with a neighbour and share their ideas
Strategies: Affinity

  Students jot issues, concerns, or olutions
   on a card
  Cards collected and compared by group
  “like” cards are sorted together to create
   categorized and focus on issues,
   concerns, or solutions students have in
Strategies: Find the Fib

  Students learn different parts of a topic
  Each student teaches their piece of the
   topic to their group, including a fib or
   non-truthful element in their instruction
  After each student’s instruction, groups
   discuss the content and try to find the fib
Cooperative Learning Outcomes

  Critical thinking, reasoning about course
   content (active learning)
  Students acquire better understanding of
   course content as they are required to
   explain topics to others in team
  Better attitudes towards courses
Cooperative Learning Outcomes

  Increased social skills, respect for
   multiple opinions and perspectives
  Higher achievement
  Higher productivity

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