d11871 writing a dbq religion and geography by 2NdVg3

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									Writing a DBQ
AP World History
   DBQ Analysis and
     Organization


        DBQ #3
RELIGION and GEOGRAPHY
   DBQ STEP 1:
Analyzing the Prompt
Q
U Religions of common geographic origins tend to differ
E   from those that originate in other areas of the world.
S How do religions having common geographic origins
T tend to share somewhat common codes of behavior and
I      views of the nature and reason for existence?
O
N          What is the prompt (question) asking for?

      What regions are we
        looking for?                  Why do “humans”
                                     exist? Why were they
                                         put on earth?
      What are the “rules” or
     accepted behavior codes?
       Historical Background
  There were three great geographic centers of
       religious origin: southwestern Asia
   (Islam, Judaism, Christianity), south Asia
     (Hinduism, Buddhism), and east Asia
             (Confucianism, Taoism).
Obvious categories have been provided in the
            supplemental material

Regions
          OR     Religions    Use everything
                                available!
DBQ STEP 2:
Organizing the
 Information
     Analysis and Organization
             Develop a table or chart

                             • Document
   Certain pieces of           number
      information            • Major point of
(“universals”) will be         the document
  the same for every
         DBQ                 • Point of view
                             • Information
                               needed
                         Your Table
DOC   SWA    SA EA   B   R4E   NEED   P of V   MAJOR CONCEPT




      GEOGRAPHIC AREAS                  In addition to the
                                      “universal” categories,
      Southwest Asia = SWA                 we’ll add…
            South Asia = SA
            East Asia = EA
      SPECIFIC PROMPT
      Codes of behavior = B
                                      We know what to look
      Nature and reason for           for in the documents,
        existence = R4E                 now we determine
                                       how they are linked.
 DBQ STEP 3:
The Documents
                    Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED   P of V   MAJOR CONCEPT

            Let’s look at the documents
                    one at a time.
      Number, location, specific behavior
       noted? (Include specifics in major concept)
      Reason for existence? (Include specifics in
                        major concept)

             Complete each document,
               separated by a line.
   DOCUMENT 1
Source: The Bhagavad Gita, (8.03) (Hindu)
The Supreme Lord said: Brahman is the Supreme
imperishable. The individual self (or Jeevaatrna) is called
Adhyaatma. The creative power that causes manifestation of
beings is called Karma.
The region is South Asia (SA)
It covers codes of acceptable behavior (Karma) (B)
The concept here is that individuals are no more than the
impression produced by their actions (Karma is the controlling
factor). This would be codes of acceptable behavior (B), good
and bad Karma. There is an emphasis on the effect of events
on the individual, but does not link to the Supreme Lord. The
point of view is that of a devout believer taking a position of
faith (generally difficult to offer secular rationales). There is a
need to know more about the “Supreme Lord”—is it one of
many or a single entity as with monotheistic beliefs?
DOCUMENT 1
                        Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED     P of V    MAJOR CONCEPT
#1          x       x                 Follower      There is a
                                        with a   supreme being,
                                       specific but the essence of
              Need a clarification      view    the individual is a
                 of “Supreme            based    result of Karma
             Lord”— Is it one god       upon
               or one of many?        religious
                                     literature
 DOCUMENT 2

Source: Qu’ran: Surah 1 (Islam)
In the name of Allah. the Beneficent, the Merciful.
[1.1] All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
[1.2] The Beneficent, the Merciful.
[1.3] Master of the Day of Judgment.
[1.4] Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help.
[1.5] Keep us on the right path.
[1.6] The path of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed
      favors. Not (the path) of those upon whom Thy wrath is
      brought down, nor of those who go astray.

The region is Southwestern Asia (SWA)
Existence is based on pleasing the god (R4E)
 DOCUMENT 2
This document is more specific as to the importance of the
specific god and making that god happy with an individual’s
actions. There is less of a sense of the influence of
“surroundings” and more of an emphasis on pleasing a
central authority and knowing what that authority desires.
The point of view is again that of a devout believer taking a
position of faith.
DOCUMENTS 1 & 2
                        Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED     P of V    MAJOR CONCEPT
#1          x       x                 Follower      There is a
                                        with a   supreme being,
                                       specific but the essence of
              Need a clarification      view    the individual is a
                 of “Supreme            based    result of Karma
             Lord”— Is it one god       upon
               or one of many?        religious
                                     literature
#2    x                 x             Devout       Single god,
                                     believer     importance of
                                     taking a      making that
                                     position    god happy with
                                      of faith   an individual’s
                                     based on        actions
                                     religious
                                        text
DOCUMENT 3
Source: The Analects of Confucius, 1.6 (Chinese)
1:6 Confucius said: “A young man should serve his parents at
home and be respectful to elders outside his home. He should be
earnest and truthful, loving all, but become intimate with
humaneness. After doing this, if he has energy to spare, he can
study literature and the arts.”


The region is East Asia (EA)
The document covers codes of acceptable behavior (Respect
for elders, be truthful) (B)
This document also stresses the influence of “surroundings”
and the idea that one should give weight or emphasis to
experience and age as opposed to a single supreme source.
Even the “spare energy” is directed to pursuits rather than to
a “supreme” guidance.
DOCUMENT 3
                        Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED   P of V   MAJOR CONCEPT
                                               Experience,
#3             x x                             respect for
                                                elders; no
                                              emphasis on a
                                                   god
DOCUMENT 4
Source: Samyutta Nikaya LVI.11 (Buddhist)
Bhikkhus, these two extremes ought not to be cultivated by one
gone forth from the house-life. What are the two? There is devotion
to indulgence of pleasure in the objects of sensual desire, which is
inferior, low, vulgar, ignoble, and leads to no good; and there is
devotion to self-torment, which is painful, ignoble and leads to no
good.
The middle way discovered by a Perfect One avoids both these
extremes; it gives vision, it gives knowledge, and it leads to peace,
to direct acquaintance, to discovery, to nibbana.
And what is that middle way? It is simply the noble eightfold path,
that is to say, right view, right intention, right speech, right action,
right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration.
That is the middle way discovered by a Perfect One, which gives
vision, which gives knowledge, and which leads to peace, to direct
acquaintance, to discovery, to nibbana.
 DOCUMENT 4
The region is East Asia (EA)
The document covers codes of acceptable behavior (Middle
path) (B)
The document does not make clear the meaning of Bhikkhus,
but we do see again how an individual’s surroundings
influence decisions. A “Perfect One” focuses on a balance of
the extremes, not on a commitment to a “supreme” direction.
Answers center on a prescribed path of action, but are not
directly linked to divine control.
We are now starting to see a pattern of central direction by a
supreme authority and a “path” influenced by earthly
surroundings. Although the documents from south and east
Asia provide vague references to a supreme direction, they
tend to focus more on the importance of choices within an
individual’s environment.
DOCUMENTS 3 & 4
                        Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED   P of V   MAJOR CONCEPT
                                                Experience,
#3              x x                             respect for
                                                 elders; no
                                               emphasis on a
                                                    god




#4                                             Description of
            x       x                         two paths for an
                                               individual; the
              Need a clarification              middle way is
             of “Bhikkhus”—how                    best; no
                does it relate to              controlling god
                   context?
DOCUMENT 5
Source: Genesis 1:26–27 (Judaism/Christianity)
[26] Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our
     likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the
     sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and
     over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that
     creeps upon the earth.”
[27] So God created man in his own image, in the image of God
     he created him; male and female he created them.
The region is Southwestern Asia (SWA).
Existence is based on “managing” creation (R4E).
Again, the document centers on control and “authorization”
granted by a supreme being. There’s a sense of passing
authority or dominion to humans, but no sense of balance or
options exercised by humans in relation to their surroundings.
This directly contrasts belief systems emphasized by south and
east Asian groups. The point of view is again that of a devout
believer taking a position of faith, justified by religious text.
            DOCUMENT 5
                    Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED    P of V   MAJOR CONCEPT
                                      Devout God gives power
#5    x                 x            believer  to humans to
                                     taking a manage Creation
                                     position
                                      of faith
                                     based on
                                     religious
                                        text
 DOCUMENT 6
Source: John. 1: 1–11 (Christianity)
[1] In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God,
   and the Word was God.
[2] He was in the beginning with God;
[3] all things were made through him, and without him was not
   anything made that was made.
[4] In him was life, and the life was the light of men.
[5] The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not
    overcome it.
[6] There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
[7] He came for testimony, to bear witness to the light, that all
    might believe through him.
[8] He was not the light, but came to bear witness to the light.
[9] The true light that enlightens every man was coming into the
    world.
[10] He was in the world, and the world was made through him,
      yet the world knew him not.
[11] He came to his own home, and his own people received him not.
DOCUMENT 6
The region is Southwestern Asia (SWA).
Again, reason for existence is to fulfill the edicts of the creator (B).
In this document, there is a similar sense of vagueness as to the
meaning of the “Word,” but the document quickly establishes an
image of a central controlling authority who has prescribed a
“path”—similar to what we saw in documents 2 and 5. This
document also introduces a new element—a “messenger” sent to
enlighten, but whose “message” might not always be accepted. The
point of view is again that of a devout believer taking a position of
faith, justified by religious text and not subject to earthly
interpretation (as in the case of Buddha and Confucius). Again,
note the difference in the approach: one stresses direction by a
central authority, the other focuses on achieving a balance or
“harmony” with existing realities.
DOCUMENTS 5 & 6
                    Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED    P of V     MAJOR CONCEPT
                                      Devout God gives power
#5    x                 x            believer  to humans to
                                     taking a manage Creation
                                     position
                                      of faith
                                     based on
                                     religious
                                        text

#6    x                 x             Devout     Describes God
                                     believer    and the Word;
                                     taking a     indicates that
                                     position    messengers are
                                      of faith   sent to provide
                                     based on     guidance, but
                                     religious   are not always
                                        text        accepted
DOCUMENT 7
Source: Tao Te Ching (Chinese)
The Way that can be experienced is not true;
The world that can be constructed is not real.
The Way manifests all that happens and may happen;
The world represents all that exists and may exist.
To experience without abstraction is to sense the world;
To experience with abstraction is to know the world.
These two experiences are indistinguishable;
Their construction differs but their effect is the same.
Beyond the gate of experience flows the Way,
Which is ever greater and more subtle than the world.
 The region is East Asia (EA).
 The document covers codes or rules for understanding the
 balance between real and abstract concepts for a more complete
 existence (B).
 DOCUMENT 7

Although Document 7 refers to a “Way,” it doesn’t attribute
this knowledge to a supreme authority but to a balance
between the real and the abstract. This continues a common
theme of balance between two contending concepts.
Consistent with Confucian philosophy, experience rather than
supreme guidance is the key. Documents 1, 3, 4, and 7 now
form a grouping based on ideology and geographical locations,
and they are linked by sensitivity to surroundings and an
understanding of one’s environment. They also have a limited
focus on a powerful central authority providing a specific path.
These documents also put less of an emphasis on a rigid point
of view linked to the writings of a specific deity.
            DOCUMENT 7
                    Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED   P of V   MAJOR CONCEPT

#7             x x                               Refers to a
                                              balance between
                                               the “real” and
                                               the “abstract,”
                                                  and that
                                                experience is
                                                key (same as
                                               Confucianism)
  DOCUMENT 8
Source: Surah 69, The Qur’an. (Islam)
[69.13] And when the trumpet is blown with a single blast,
[69.14] And the earth and the mountains are borne away and
        crushed with a single crushing.
[69.15] On that day shall the great event come to pass,
[69.16] And the heaven shall cleave asunder, so that on that
        day it shall be frail,
[69.17] And the angels shall be on the sides thereof; and above
        them eight shall bear on that day your Lord’s power.
[69.18] On that day you shall be exposed to view-- no secret of
        yours shall remain hidden.
[69.19] Then as for him who is given his book in his right hand,
        he will say: Lo! read my book:
[69.20] Surely I knew that I shall meet my account.
[69.21] So he shall be in a life of pleasure,
[69.22] In a lofty garden,
  DOCUMENT 8

The region is Southwestern Asia (SWA).
Again, reason for existence is to emulate the model prescribed
in the teachings (B).
This final document again establishes the importance of
supreme guidance and direction. In addition, it emphasizes
that human actions are being monitored and will be exposed in
a final accounting. The “book” provides the path and the
document stresses that there should be no deviation from the
path. Point of view again centers on the infallibility of the
religious text. Documents 2, 5, 6, and 8 all promote this view,
while also emphasizing the importance of a central authority
to provide humans with the “proper” path.
DOCUMENTS 7 & 8
                    Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E   NEED     P of V    MAJOR CONCEPT

#7             x x                                  Refers to a
                                                 balance between
                                                  the “real” and
                                                  the “abstract,”
                                                     and that
                                                   experience is
                                                   key (same as
                                                  Confucianism)

#8    x                 x             Devout
                                     believer
                                                  There will be a
                                                 final judgment;
                                     taking a     heaven and the
                                     position    alternative; God
                                      of faith   sees all and will
                                     based on       assess your
                                     religious       actions as
                                        text      directed by the
                                                      “book”
               GROUPINGS
              Documents 1, 3, 4, and 7

Documents 1, 3, 4, and 7 follow a general pattern of
emphasizing the importance of worldly surroundings. The
“path” focuses on balance and experience as the goal. Rather
than emphasizing a supreme dictate, the documents stress an
evolving understanding of “man’s” relationship to the reality
of his surroundings. In terms of how we define religion, the
ideologies associated with the south and east Asian
geographical regions seem to be more philosophical and
flexible to interpretation.
                GROUPINGS
               Documents 2, 5, 6, and 8

Documents 2, 5, 6, and 8 center on the religions based in
southwestern Asia (Islam, Judaism, and Christianity), and
they promote a concept of central supreme authority guiding
“man” on the proper path through the use of religious texts.
Human existence is centered on catering to the dictates of this
authority. The documents also tend to consistently express a
specific point of view based upon the religious text.
                    Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E
                                           GROUPINGS
#1          x       x         All documents reflect a
                              specific region.
#2    x                 x
                              All documents describe
                              existence as based upon
#3            x x             following the dictates of a
#4                            single controlling authority.
            x   x
                              All documents are associated
#5    x                 x     with religious texts and present
                              a very rigid analysis of an
#6    x                 x     individual’s responsibilities.
#7              x x
#8    x                 x
                    Your Table
DOC   SWA   SA EA   B   R4E                GROUPINGS
#1          x       x         All documents reflect a
                              specific region.
#2    x                 x
                              All documents describe codes
                              of behavior that lead to a
#3            x x             beneficial existence.
#4          x   x
                              All documents place less
#5    x                 x     emphasis on a single deity that
                              controls and monitors human
#6    x                 x     actions, focusing instead on
                              individuals’ interactions with
#7              x x           their surroundings.
#8    x                 x
TOPIC SENTENCE
                1st paragraph

       Documents 2, 5, 6, and 8 center on
   southwest Asia and religions that stress the
          importance of a single god.

    The “fill-in” sentences will contain
 specific references to each document that
               support its use.
DBQ STEP 4: Needs,
 Thesis, and Review
         WHAT’S MISSING?
        Is there additional information
            that would be valuable?
    Although the question seeks a link between
  religion and geography, there are no documents
  indicating how religious beliefs and practices fit
 with physical surroundings. Can geography help
explain, justify, or somehow offer a method of how
    people dealt with their surroundings? What
 geographical characteristics might have produced
 similarities between each of the religions for that
                   specific region?
THESIS AND CONCLUSION
                             Then you have a
IS THERE…                        thesis
A PATTERN?                        EXAMPLE
A RATIONALE               Religions associated with
                       southwestern Asia center on a
   or CONCEPT?          single supreme authority and
A QUESTION             seem to be more dogmatic and
                            less flexible regarding
   or DILEMMA?                  interpretation.
                        Religions associated with the
 Do you need other     south and east Asia seem to be
   information?         more philosophical in nature,
                        less dogmatic, and ultimately
Is there an opposing       more flexible regarding
        view?                   interpretation.
PROCEDURE
1 DISSECT THE QUESTION OR PROMPT
   •   What does the prompt require?
   •   Use all of the information available

2 USE A TABLE OR CHART TO ORGANIZE
   •   Universal categories
   •   Specific categories
3 GROUP AND LINK DOCUMENTS
4 DEVELOP A TOPIC SENTENCE
   •   Body paragraphs
   •   Fill-in sentences
5 DEVELOP A THESIS AND A CONCLUSION
   •   Links to prior knowledge
QUESTION: ______________________________________________________        NAME: ____________________________________
          ______________________________________________________
                                                                                     DATE:______________ PER:____
          ______________________________________________________

DOC                                               NEED             P of V               MAJOR CONCEPT

								
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