“A LIAR WILL NOT BE
BELIEVED EVEN WHEN
HE SPEAKS THE
AESOP: “THE SHEPHERD’S BOY”
Five Themes of Geography
World History & Geography
Know: Explain the Five Themes of
Show: Group Share/Quiz
Theme One - Location
Definition- Refers to the position of people
and places on the Earth’s surface.
Question answered - Where is it?
What is an example of the question where is it?
Question answered - Why is it there?
What is an example of why is it there?
Two types of location-
Definition - Exact position on Earth using a
grid system of latitude and longitude.
Example: Mt. St. Helens 46° N, 122° W
Definition - The relationship of one place to
Decide where to live
Where to work
Where to put a landfill
Where to put a military base
Arizona is north of Mexico
Changes in relative location
Changes in relative location
Relative location between two places can
increase or decrease
Decrease example: information getting from
New York to San Francisco
Stage - 27 days
Pony Express - 15 days
Railroad - 4.5 days
Air Mail - 3 days
Next Day Delivery
Fax - Minutes
Computer - Seconds
Fax breaks and have to mail information
Bus breaks down and you have to walk
Why is it there? (2nd question -
Reasons why events happen where they do.
Why diseases happen where they do.
Examples: fire stations, schools, office
•Your table(s) up to four is a group
•Pick up the school building as if it were a toy block.
Relocate it anywhere your group chooses.
•Explain (on paper) 3 ways your school life would change.
•Listen to all the groups choices and explanations and give
two disadvantages/advantages of your favorite 2.
“There is always
someone worse off than
Theme Two - Place:
Physical and human characteristics
Question - What is it like there?
geological, hydrological, atmospheric,
biological, natural environment.
Example: Venice, Italy - island and canals -
boats instead of cars
Example: Burma - Houses built on stilts to
protect from floods.
Human ideas and actions that result in changes in
Examples: long lot farms next to rivers for access
rivers as original means of transportation
different ways at looking at land
land rich for mining
Image people have of the place
•Your group (4 Max) is your table.
•Select a place in the world that is easily described.
•Take 5 minutes and describe at least 5-10 things that
would help identify the place.
•Be prepared to read these in front of the class and have
them guess the location.
Theme Three - Human/Environment
interactions: shaping the landscape
Question: What is the relationship between humans and the
Three Key Concepts
Humans depend on the environment
Natural environment: made up of all living and non-
living things -
• living things - people, animals, plants
• non-living things - air, land, water
Depend on natural environment for basic needs
• Congo River basin - people new to Congo starve
• native people can find food
Humans modify the environment
modification by agriculture
turning deserts into Ag areas
Humans adapt to the environment
settleeverywhere by adapting
adaption may be affected by culture’s
economy, politics, technology
solutions may cause more problems - Borneo
To discuss: How do students depend,
modify and adapt to Mesa High?
Theme Four - Movement -
relationships between people in different places.
Question: How and why are places related to one
Three types of movement
movement of people
migration-move to a new location for settlement -
forced or voluntary
movement of goods - goods being moved from place to
movement of ideas - ideas borrowed from other groups and
adapted to our own purpose.
•Divide into groups (4 max) by tables
•List 10 different types of movement using Mesa High
•Be prepared to read aloud.
Theme Five - Regions - areas that
have unifying characteristics.
Question: How and why is one area similiar
and different to each other?
Examples of Regions
rocky mountain region
topography - what surrounding area looks like
Any location can be in multiple regions
•Pick one of the five regions (grasslands, deserts, rain
forests, mountains, polar)
•List ten items you would need to have to help adapt to
•How are the items similar/different. Why?
•Do regions have similar items?
5 Themes of Geography Sample quiz.
1. HOW AND WHY ARE PLACES RELATED TO ONE ANOTHER IS A
QUESTION OF WHICH THEME OF GEOGRAPHY?
2. PEOPLE CHANGING THEIR SURROUNDINGS WOULD BE AN EXAMPLE
OF WHICH THEME OF GEOGRAPHY?
3. WHAT MAKES UP THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT?
4. USING RELATIVE LOCATION WHICH IS FARTHER APART: MEXICO
CITY TO PHOENIX BY BUS, PLANE, OR FOOT.
5. WHERE IS IT - ANSWERS WHAT QUESTION FOR WHICH THEME OF
6. WHAT QUESTION IS ASKED INVOLVING THE PLACE THEME OF
7. PEOPLE USING SOD TO BUILD HOUSES WITH ON THE GREAT PLAINS
WHERE THERE ARE NO TREES WOULD BE WHICH THEME OF
GEOGRAPHY AND WHY?
8. THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN STATES WOULD BE AN EXAMPLE OF WHICH
THEME OF GEOGRAPHY? ALSO WHICH CHARACTERISTIC IS USED TO
DESCRIBE THIS AREA?
9. THE USE OF THE FAX MACHINE AFFECTS WHICH THEMES OF
GEOGRAPHY AND WHY?
10. WHAT IS LOCATED AT 0º LATITUDE, 0º LONGITUDE, 90º N
LATITUDE, 66 1/2º S LATITUDE, 180º LONGITUDE, 23 1/2º S LATITUDE?