five themes pres no vid architeck 2011 12

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					“A LIAR WILL NOT BE
BELIEVED EVEN WHEN
HE SPEAKS THE
TRUTH.”

AESOP: “THE SHEPHERD’S BOY”
Five Themes of Geography

   World History & Geography

 Know: Explain the Five Themes of
            Geography
    Show: Group Share/Quiz
Theme One - Location
 Definition- Refers to the position of people
  and places on the Earth’s surface.
 Question answered - Where is it?
     What   is an example of the question where is it?
   Question answered - Why is it there?
     What   is an example of why is it there?
   Two types of location-
     Absolute  location
     Relative location
Absolute Location
 Definition - Exact position on Earth using a
  grid system of latitude and longitude.
 Example: Mt. St. Helens 46° N, 122° W
Relative Location
 Definition - The relationship of one place to
  other places.
 Example:
     Decide where to live
     Where to work
     Where to put a landfill
     Where to put a military base
     Arizona is north of Mexico

   Changes in relative location
Changes in relative location
 Relative location between two places can
  increase or decrease
 Decrease example: information getting from
  New York to San Francisco
   Stage - 27 days
   Pony Express - 15 days
   Railroad - 4.5 days
   Air Mail - 3 days
   Next Day Delivery
   Fax - Minutes
   Computer - Seconds
   Farther apart
   Fax breaks and have to mail information
   Bus breaks down and you have to walk
Why is it there? (2nd question -
location)
 Reasons why events happen where they do.
 Why diseases happen where they do.
 Examples: fire stations, schools, office
  buildings, stadiums.
•Your table(s) up to four is a group
•Pick up the school building as if it were a toy block.
       Relocate it anywhere your group chooses.
•Answer:
•Explain (on paper) 3 ways your school life would change.
•Listen to all the groups choices and explanations and give
two disadvantages/advantages of your favorite 2.
“There is always
someone worse off than
yourself”
          Aesop
Theme Two - Place:
Physical and human characteristics
Question - What is it like there?
 Three   fundemental
    characteristics
   Physical characteristics
     geological, hydrological, atmospheric,
      biological, natural environment.
     Example: Venice, Italy - island and canals -
      boats instead of cars
     Example: Burma - Houses built on stilts to
      protect from floods.
   Human Characteristics
     Human   ideas and actions that result in changes in
      the environment.
     buildings, farms
     Examples: long lot farms next to rivers for access
        rivers   as original means of transportation
     different    ways at looking at land
        land rich for mining
        sacred land

   Image people have of the place
•Your group (4 Max) is your table.
•Select a place in the world that is easily described.
•Take 5 minutes and describe at least 5-10 things that
would help identify the place.
•Be prepared to read these in front of the class and have
them guess the location.
Theme Three - Human/Environment
interactions: shaping the landscape
Question: What is the relationship between humans and the
environment?
       Three Key Concepts
         Humans    depend on the environment
             Natural  environment: made up of all living and non-
              living things -
                • living things - people, animals, plants
                • non-living things - air, land, water
             Depend on natural environment for basic needs
               • Congo River basin - people new to Congo starve
               • native people can find food
 Humans     modify the environment
   modification by agriculture
   turning deserts into Ag areas

 Humans     adapt to the environment
   settleeverywhere by adapting
   adaption may be affected by culture’s
    economy, politics, technology
   solutions may cause more problems - Borneo
    Mosquitoes


       To discuss: How do students depend,
       modify and adapt to Mesa High?
Theme Four - Movement -
relationships between people in different places.
Question: How and why are places related to one
another?
   Three types of movement
   movement of people
      migration-move to a new location for settlement -
       forced or voluntary
   movement of goods - goods being moved from place to
    another.
   movement of ideas - ideas borrowed from other groups and
    adapted to our own purpose.
•Divide into groups (4 max) by tables
•List 10 different types of movement using Mesa High
•Be prepared to read aloud.
Theme Five - Regions - areas that
have unifying characteristics.
Question: How and why is one area similiar
and different to each other?
  Examples of Regions
   Human regions
      corn belt
      rocky mountain region
   Physical regions
     topography     - what surrounding area looks like
     climate
   Political Boundries
     borders
   Cultural regions
      Bible belt
      Latin America
   Global Regions
      similiar religions
      climates
      languages
   Local Regions
      school districts
      zip codes
   Any location can be in multiple regions
•Groups
•Pick one of the five regions (grasslands, deserts, rain
forests, mountains, polar)
•List ten items you would need to have to help adapt to
the environment.
•Read aloud
•Discuss:
•How are the items similar/different. Why?
•Do regions have similar items?
 5 Themes of Geography Sample quiz.
1. HOW AND WHY ARE PLACES RELATED TO ONE ANOTHER IS A
QUESTION OF WHICH THEME OF GEOGRAPHY?
2. PEOPLE CHANGING THEIR SURROUNDINGS WOULD BE AN EXAMPLE
OF WHICH THEME OF GEOGRAPHY?
3. WHAT MAKES UP THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT?
4. USING RELATIVE LOCATION WHICH IS FARTHER APART: MEXICO
CITY TO PHOENIX BY BUS, PLANE, OR FOOT.
5. WHERE IS IT - ANSWERS WHAT QUESTION FOR WHICH THEME OF
GEOGRAPHY?
6. WHAT QUESTION IS ASKED INVOLVING THE PLACE THEME OF
GEOGRAPHY?
7. PEOPLE USING SOD TO BUILD HOUSES WITH ON THE GREAT PLAINS
WHERE THERE ARE NO TREES WOULD BE WHICH THEME OF
GEOGRAPHY AND WHY?
8. THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN STATES WOULD BE AN EXAMPLE OF WHICH
THEME OF GEOGRAPHY? ALSO WHICH CHARACTERISTIC IS USED TO
DESCRIBE THIS AREA?
9. THE USE OF THE FAX MACHINE AFFECTS WHICH THEMES OF
GEOGRAPHY AND WHY?
10. WHAT IS LOCATED AT 0º     LATITUDE, 0º LONGITUDE, 90º N
LATITUDE, 66 1/2º S LATITUDE, 180º LONGITUDE, 23 1/2º S LATITUDE?

				
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posted:8/31/2012
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