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					Welcome to Ms. Lynch’s
12th Grade Health Class!




 Bacterial Meningitis



Awareness and Prevention
            We will cover…
•   What is meningitis?
•   Viral vs. Bacterial
•   Signs & Symptoms
•   How is it diagnosed?
•   Is it contagious?
•   Can it be treated?
•   Vaccines against bacterial meningitis
•   Shana’s Story
        What is meningitis?
• Meningitis is an infection and inflammation
  of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the
  fluid that surrounds the brain.

• People sometimes refer to it as spinal
  meningitis.

• Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or
  bacterial infection.

• Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a
  virus or bacterium is important because the
  severity of illness and the treatment differ.
 The meninges is the system of the brain that envelops
the central nervous system. The primary function of the
  meninges and the cerebrospinal fluid is to protect the
                central nervous system.




                                             Picture of
                                               typical
                                              human
                                               brain;
                                             meninges
                                            highlighted.
Healthy vs. Infected Brain
          Viral vs. Bacterial
• Viral meningitis is generally less severe and
  resolves without specific treatment.

• Bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and
  may result in brain damage, hearing loss,
  learning disability, or death.

• For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to
  know which type of bacteria is causing the
  meningitis because antibiotics can prevent
  some types from spreading and infecting other
  people.
 We could never
 catch bacterial
meningitis!!! …Or
   could we?

       The bacteria is spread through:
       •coughing
       •kissing
       •other throat secretions
       Not spread by casual
       contact, but those living in
       the same house, dating, or in
       childcare may catch it.
       Outbreaks may occur in:
       •dormitories
       •military barracks
       •prisons
   Is meningitis contagious?
• Yes, some forms of bacterial meningitis
  are contagious.

• The bacteria is spread through the
  exchange of respiratory and throat
  secretions (i.e., coughing, kissing, sharing
  kitchen utensils).

• Fortunately, none of the bacteria that
  cause meningitis are spread by casual
  contact or by simply breathing the air
       What are the signs and
      symptoms of meningitis?
• high fever
• headache
• and stiff neck are common symptoms of
  meningitis in anyone over the age of 2
  years.

• These symptoms can develop over several
  hours, or they may take 1 to 2 days.

• Other symptoms may include nausea,
  vomiting, discomfort looking into bright
  lights, confusion, and sleepiness.
How is meningitis diagnosed?

• Early diagnosis and treatment are very
  important. If symptoms occur, the patient
  should see a doctor immediately.
• The diagnosis is usually made by growing
  bacteria from a sample of spinal fluid.
• Identification of the type of bacteria
  responsible is important for selection of
  correct antibiotics.
Emergency Room Plaque




     This flow chart is used in
     some emergency rooms to
     diagnose and treat bacterial
     meningitis.
Can meningitis be treated?


 Bacterial meningitis can be
  treated with a number of
   effective antibiotics. It is
  important, however, that
treatment be started early in
                                  Appropriate antibiotic treatment
  the course of the disease.
                                     of most common types of
                                    bacterial meningitis should
                                   reduce the risk of dying from
                                     meningitis to below 15%.
        Vaccines Against
          Meningitis…




Most colleges in the
U.S. require college
  freshman and on          The problem is… the
campus residents to        vaccine required only
 receive a vaccine       gives prevention against
    that prevents
                         the Neisseria meningitidi
bacterial meningitis.
                        strand, only one of the two
                        leading causes of bacterial
                                meningitis.
     WHAT
     THE?!!
                      ONLY ONE?

     The pneumococcal               NOT BOTH?
polysaccharide vaccine gives
     protection against
Pneumococcal disease, which
 causes meningitis when the     THIS VACCINE IS NOT
  bacteria infects the brain.   REQUIRED OR RARELY
                                 BROUGHT UP WHEN
                                DISCUSSING OPTIONS
                                   WITH COLLEGE
                                     FRESHMAN.
TALK WITH YOUR
DOCTOR!

                 DISCUSS YOUR OPTIONS!


                      Did you get
                         both
                       vaccines?




                              There’s
                               two?!
       Don’t
        be
      naïve!!
           Shana Wasserman is a beautiful 19
               year old girl who contracted
          Bacterial Meningitis in November of
            2006. Because it went untreated
          for too long, Shana’s body went into
              attack and a coma. She died 8
            short days later to a disease that
             could have been prevented, and
                   correctly diagnosed.
               Check out this video
               for more information
              on bacterial meningitis
                and Shana’s Story.
Shana's
Rainbow
                           The Shana
                           Foundation
        After Shana’s untimely death, her mother Madeline set up a
         foundation to bring awareness and prevention methods to
                    schools, hospitals, and the general public.



                                                                            August,
                                                                            Shana’s
                                                                              birth
                                                                            month, is
                                                                            Bacterial
                                                                           Meningitis
                                                                           Awareness
 This plaque was designed
                                                                             Month.
    for and is donated to
 hospital ER rooms to help
diagnose and treat bacterial
         meningitis.

                   Legislation was passed that requires all
                  schools to teach students about bacterial
                 meningitis. Visit the link below to view the
                                          bill!
                    Comprehensive Health and Physical Education – Bill #
                      A4103
        THE SCULPTURES
The Shana Sculpture and other sculptures designated for college
  campuses will be a constant reminder of the fragility of life at
  the mercy of bacterial meningitis. Bronze sculptures of each
  school’s mascot will be gifted to college campuses. Incoming
  college freshman during their orientation walk will stop at the
  sculpture and learn prevention, symptoms, warning signs, and
 the proper and appropriate life saving response when bacterial
                     meningitis is suspected.
                   Be Your Own
                    Advocate!




Know who you’re
                                 Cover your mouth
    kissing!
                                 when you cough.
             Don’t share
             utensils or
           drinking cups!
   Keep the world beautiful! Prevent bacterial
   meningitis!!




  Visit www.theshanafoundation.org for more
information on preventing bacterial meningitis.

				
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posted:8/31/2012
language:English
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