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Sudan / Soudan (246) UNITWIN / UNESCO Chairs Program Progress Report UNESCO Chair in Water Resources Period of activity: 1999-2000 UNESCO Chair in Water Resources. Report established by: Professor, Hamid Ahmed El-Hag Ismail, Director. I Activities 1.Educational, Training / Research M.Sc and diploma programme Target groups are graduate students, academics and practising engineers. Geographical coverage: Nile Basin Countries and other African countries. Funding sources from student fees and partly by Sudan Govent. (SD). M.Sc Hydrology: Now we are on the second term for the second batch in this program. This postgraduate program aims at qualifying professionals from Sudan and the Nile basin countries. Candidates who are qualified to admit include holders of B.Sc. degrees in: civil engineering, agricultural engineering and specialties relevant to water. For the latter, they have to pass a pre-qualification examination in Mathematics, Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics and surveying. The program duration is two years: One year of two semester courses and examinations followed by on academic year of partial fulfillment thesis. Facilities include library and computers. Working tours to some water projects are conducted. Ph.D. studies Two Ph.D. students have started their work. One is conducting a research on the filed of hydrology and the other is in the field of water resources management. A third application for Ph.D. is under consideration Research: Completed: Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater resources in Dinder & Rahad (Part one). Assessment of the groundwater resources in the Baggara Basin (Part one) Magnitude of the problem of sand encroachment on the Nile. Vulnerability of groundwater resources in Sudan to pollution (jointly with the National IHP Committee. Pollution of groundwater resources in Khartoum State. 2.Conferences/Congresses/ Meetings Regional and International: Conferences: World Water Forum, The Hague, The Netherlands. March 2000 Attendance financed by SD Higher Education Conference, Paris 1999. Attendance financed by SD International Consortium for Co-operation of Nile Basin Countries ICCON, 2001. Attendance financed by SD Electronic Commerce, Abu Dhabi-2001. Attendance financed by Ajman University. Environmental Ministerial Conference, Nairobi- 2001Attendance financed by SD. Habitat Conference, Nairobi-2001 Attendance financed by SD. International Conference in Combating Desertification, Chad, Oct-Nov 2000. Commercializing Research Results in North Africa, Morocco, March 2001. 2Workshops: Cairo: Geological Criterion for Environmental Assessment. Cairo: Financing and Management of the FRIEND/Nile Basin Projects. Meetings: For the discussions about financing the project on "Sand encroachment hazard on the Nile in Sudan and Egypt", the following meetings were held during the period March-June 2001: in Cairo with FAO, CEDARE, JAICA, CEDA. In Nairobi with: GEF, IHP Regional Hydrologist, UNEP and Consultant Mr. Salih Osman. For the establishment of the Sudan Center of Excellence and Node of the Nile Basin Capacity Building Network, a number of meetings were held during the period 1999-2001 in Egypt, the Netherlands and Khartoum were held culminating in the signature of a contract and the start of the Sudan Node. For starting the FRIEND Nile / Basin Projects, a number of meetings were held in Egypt and Sudan during the period 1999-2001 and the project is due to start shortly. National: Workshops: National Water Policy Workshop, Khartoum UNESCO Peer Synergies Africa Project on "The Nile Valley: An Incentive for Regional Integration and Development". Environmental Prospects of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) workshop. Third FRIEND Nile / Basin Projects steering committee meeting, Khartoum 1999. Water Resources and Development in the Northern Province, Dongola 2000 Meetings: IGAD Expert meeting, Khartoum. Director Third World Academy, Khartoum in relation to the Sand Encroachment Project. Director, UNESCO Cairo Office, Khartoum in relation to the Sand Encroachment Project. Regional Hydrologist for Arab States, Khartoum in relation to the Sand Encroachment Project. Meetings in Khartoum with the Resident Representatives of :UNEP. UNICEF, FAO and UNDP. A monthly UCWR forum for discussing water issues attended by directors, engineers and administrators. 3.Missions/ Travels abroad. Visiting Professors / Fellowships Prof. Dr. Hassan Elitr, Multipurpose use of GIS , March 2001 Prof. Dr. P. Choi on High Dam Design. 4.Information and Documentation Activities Twenty minutes documentary films for television broadcast (in English and Arabic) have been prepared showing the environmental hazard the Sand encroachment is posing on the Nile and its tributaries. The same films are also available in home video versions. Documentation of the Experience of Eng. Sygroon Elzein on the field of water resources and irrigation. II. Impact The UNESCO Chain in Water Resources has for the first time in Sudan created a platform for multi and interdisciplinary activities in all aspects of water resources: research, training and public awareness. University staff, research institutions staff, practicing engineers and consultants all work together in harmony. Public awareness programs in television, radio and local papers have contributed a great deal. World day celebrations and direct contacts with ministers have facilitated co- operation. A contact is due to be signed between the chair and official organ for all the 26 States in the Sudan to take up the responsibility of training of the State personnel working in the field of water resources. III. Forthcoming Activities Postgraduate Activities: Water resources development & Management This is an MSc program Duration: 2-years: One year of two semester courses and examinations, followed by on academic year of partial fulfilment thesis. Expected to start next year. The objective of this program is to train graduates of civil and agriculture engineers from Sudan and Nile basin countries in the areas of water resources development and management. The Program is going to include subjects such as: Water Management, discharge measurement drainage system, design of dams, water resources planning, etc River System and Mechanics: This is an MS.c Program Duration 2- years. One year of two semester courses and examinations, followed by on academic year of partial fulfilment thesis. Expected to start next year. The objective of this program is to train graduate of civil engineering from Sudan and the Nile basin countries in the areas of " River system and Mechanics". Topics to be covered include: Hydraulic Modelling Mathematical Modelling River Systems Sediment Transport. Morphological Changes River Protection. Environmental Science and Engineering This is an M. Sc program Duration 2- years One year of two semester courses and examinations, followed by on academic year of partial fulfilment thesis. Expected to start next year. The program aims at training graduate in Civil, agriculture and mechanical engineers from Sudan and Nile basin countries and qualifying them for MS.c degree. Topics to be covered include:- Sources and Causes of water pollution. Sewage Water and Methods of treatment. Agriculture wastes water and its treatment. Water quality. Impact of Polluted Water Hydraulics. Pollution protection. Women and Healthful Water Resources Management: This is a Postgraduate diploma Course Duration is on year of two semesters followed by examinations. Expected to start in 2002-2003 The program aims at training graduates in Civil, agriculture and mechanical engineers from Sudan and Nile basin countries and qualifying them for a postgraduate diploma. Research: River Erosion mechanics. Flood propagation analysis. Sediment Transport & Watershed management (Friend Nil e/ program). Flood Frequency Analysis (Friend Nile/ program). Rainfall Run - off modelling (Friend Nile Program). Drought and low flow analysis (Friend Nile program). Sand Encroachment Management in the Nile within Sudan and Egypt. (UCO AND UNCWR). Management model for sustainable development of surface and groundwater in El Dinder and Rahad areas (Part Two). Study of Drinking Water and Watershed Disposal in Greater Khartoum. Irrigation requirements of the Nubian Delta behind the High Dam in Sudan. Problems of high water tables and sanitation in Bahr Al-Gabal State. Water Resources and environmental problems in Aali Al-Nil State. Assessment of Water Resources in Baggara Basin (Part Two). Sediment Deposition in Rosieres Reservoir. Decentralized Urban Saturation and Re Use. Water Development in Jabal Marrah. Hydropower potential in Jabal Marrah. Water Resources problems in Red Sea State. Training (Short Courses) Sediment transport Management Water Harvesting and Artifice Recharge. Flood Control. Irrigation Management. Groundwater Management. Sanitary Networks Design. Water Quality. River Protection. Workshops: Issues of water in relation to the Sustainable Development in the River Nile State. Study of Drinking Water and Watershed Disposal in Greater Khartoum. Irrigation requirements of the Nubian Delta behind the High Dam in Sudan. Problems of high water tables and sanitation in Bahr Al-Gabal State. Water Resources and environmental problems in Aali Al-Nil State. Documentation: The following background papers are being prepared: Groundwater in Sudan. Legal and Institutional Aspects in Water Resources. Experiences with irrigation in Sudan. IV. Development Prospects A 2000 square meters of land in Khartoum has allotted to the Chair. Plans are under studies to design premises and try to secure funds for building them.
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