WEL-COME TO ALL
SOCIAL STUDIES PPT.
1. MAJOR SALIENT FEATURES OF
3.TYPES OF FEDERALISM.
4.MEANING OF FEDERALISM.
5.CHARACTERSTICS OF FEDERALISM.
The followings are the main salient
features of Indian constitution.
A large written constitution
A borrowed constitution.
Directive principles of state policy.
Parliamentary form of Govt.
Independent & Integrated Judiciary
On the basis of distribution of powers the
government may be divided in to two types
UNITARY-A govt. where all the powers
are vested in the hands of the central or
union Govt. EX. United Kingdom.
FEDERAL- A form of Govt. where all
powers are distributed among the central
Govt. & the units. Distribution of powers on
the basis of co-operation.
TYPES OF FEDERALISM.
Through out the world there are two kinds
of federalism on the basis of its nature
these are given bellow.
When a country is too vast & it is
very difficult to administer it
smoothly ,we may divide the
country into number of units.
The union Govt. is at the centre
& the state Govts. At the state
In centripetal form of federalism here
some small states are united, joined and
make a confederation. This kind of
federalism is called as Centripetal
FEATURES OF FEDERALISM.
The followings are some of the major
features of federalism.
Two sets of Govt.
Division of power.
Division of powers
1.Union List.(99 items)
2.State list.(67 items)
3. Concurrent list.(47 items)
4. Residuary powers. Exercised by the
According to Prof.K.C. Where Indian
federalism is not true federalism because
of the strong centre. On the other hand it
is called as “Quasi federalism”
1. Collect some other items of Union list &
2.What are the features of federalism?
3.Why India is called as quasi-federal?
4.Give a comparison of Indian federalism
with American federalism.